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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28944045/child-psychiatry-a-scientometric-analysis-1980-2016
#1
Sadiq Naveed, Ahmed Waqas, Salman Majeed, Muhammad Zeshan, Nusrat Jahan, Muhammad Haaris Sheikh
Background: The field of child and adolescent psychiatry lags behind adult psychiatry significantly. In recent years, it has witnessed a significant increase in the publication of journals and articles. This study provides a detailed bibliometric analysis of articles published from 1980 to 2016, in the top seven journals of child and adolescent psychiatry. Methods: Using the Web of Science core collection, we selected 9,719 research papers published in seven psychiatric journals from 1980 to 2016. We utilized the Web of Science Analytics tool and Network Analysis Interface for Literature Studies (NAILS) Project scripts to delineate the general trends of publication in these journals...
2017: F1000Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28941032/are-patients-with-bipolar-disorder-and-comorbid-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-more-neurocognitively-impaired
#2
Imma Torres, Brisa Sole, Montse Corrales, Esther Jiménez, Sofia Rotger, Juan Francisco Serra-Pla, Irene Forcada, Vanesa Richarte, Ester Mora, Carlos Jacas, Nuria Gómez, Maria Mur, Francesc Colom, Eduard Vieta, Miquel Casas, Anabel Martinez-Aran, Jose M Goikolea, Josep A Ramos-Quiroga
OBJECTIVE: Research on neurocognitive impairment in adult patients with comorbid bipolar disorder (BD) and attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is very scarce. This study assessed the neurocognitive profile of a comorbid group (BD+ADHD) compared with that of pure BD (pBD) group, pure ADHD (pADHD) group and healthy controls (HCs). METHODS: This was a three-site study comprising 229 subjects: 70 patients with pBD, 23 with BD+ADHD, 50 with pADHD, and 86 HCs...
September 21, 2017: Bipolar Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28938222/inter-hemispherical-asymmetry-in-default-mode-functional-connectivity-and-baiap2-gene-are-associated-with-anger-expression-in-adhd-adults
#3
R Hasler, M G Preti, D E Meskaldji, J Prados, W Adouan, C Rodriguez, S Toma, N Hiller, T Ismaili, J Hofmeister, I Sinanaj, P Baud, S Haller, P Giannakopoulos, S Schwartz, N Perroud, D Van De Ville
Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is accompanied by resting-state alterations, including abnormal activity, connectivity and asymmetry of the default-mode network (DMN). Concurrently, recent studies suggested a link between ADHD and the presence of polymorphisms within the gene BAIAP2 (i.e., brain-specific angiogenesis inhibitor 1-associated protein 2), known to be differentially expressed in brain hemispheres. The clinical and neuroimaging correlates of this polymorphism are still unknown. We investigated the association between BAIAP2 polymorphisms and DMN functional connectivity (FC) asymmetry as well as behavioral measures in ADHD adults...
September 12, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28938219/age-dependent-effects-of-acute-methylphenidate-on-amygdala-reactivity-in-stimulant-treatment-naive-patients-with-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder
#4
Marco A Bottelier, Anouk Schrantee, Bart Ferguson, Hyke G H Tamminga, Cheima Bouziane, J J Sandra Kooij, Michiel B de Ruiter, Liesbeth Reneman
In the present study, we investigate whether methylphenidate (MPH) affects emotional processing and whether this effect is modulated by age. We measured amygdala reactivity with functional Magnetic Resonance Imaging (fMRI) during processing of angry and fearful facial expressions in male stimulant treatment-naive patients with ADHD (N = 35 boys; N = 46 men) and 23 healthy control subjects (N = 11 boys; N = 12 men). In ADHD patients, we also measured amygdala reactivity 90min after an acute oral challenge with MPH (0...
September 12, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28937938/anxiety-and-depression-among-college-students-with-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-adhd-cross-informant-sex-and-subtype-differences
#5
Jason M Nelson, Spencer W Liebel
OBJECTIVE: This study examined symptoms of anxiety and depression among college students with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). PARTICIPANTS: Data were collected between March 2011 and March 2016 from 150 college students with ADHD and 150 college students without ADHD. METHOD: Participants with ADHD were compared to a sex- and ethnicity-matched control group. For the ADHD group, parent and self-report of anxiety and depression were also compared...
September 22, 2017: Journal of American College Health: J of ACH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28936005/unmet-medication-coverage-needs-among-adults-with-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-adhd
#6
Thomas E Brown, Emuella Flood, Phillip Sarocco, Norman Atkins, Alexandra Khachatryan
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 15, 2017: Psychopharmacology Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28936004/persisting-psychosocial-impairments-in-adults-being-treated-with-medication-for-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder
#7
Thomas E Brown, Emuella Flood, Phillip Sarocco, Norman Atkins, Alexandra Khachatryan
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 15, 2017: Psychopharmacology Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28935662/adult-disinhibited-social-engagement-in-adoptees-exposed-to-extreme-institutional-deprivation-examination-of-its-clinical-status-and-functional-impact
#8
Mark Kennedy, Jana Kreppner, Nicky Knights, Robert Kumsta, Barbara Maughan, Dennis Golm, Jonathan Hill, Michael Rutter, Wolff Schlotz, Edmund Sonuga-Barke
BackgroundEarly-life institutional deprivation produces disinhibited social engagement (DSE). Portrayed as a childhood condition, little is known about the persistence of DSE-type behaviours into, presentation during, and their impact on, functioning in adulthood.AimsWe examine these issues in the young adult follow-up of the English and Romanian Adoptees study.MethodA total of 122 of the original 165 Romanian adoptees who had spent up to 43 months as children in Ceauşescu's Romanian orphanages and 42 UK adoptees were assessed for DSE behaviours, neurodevelopmental and mental health problems, and impairment between ages 2 and 25 years...
September 21, 2017: British Journal of Psychiatry: the Journal of Mental Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28935585/developmental-exposure-to-low-concentrations-of-two-brominated-flame-retardants-bde-47-and-bde-99-causes-life-long-behavioral-alterations-in-zebrafish
#9
Lilah Glazer, Corinne N Wells, Meghan Drastal, Kathryn-Ann Odamah, Richard E Galat, Mamta Behl, Edward D Levin
BACKGROUND: Polybrominated diphenyl ethers (PBDEs) were widely used as flame retardants until the early 2000s, mainly in home furnishings and electronics. The persistence of PBDEs in the environment leads to continued ubiquitous exposure to low levels, with infants and children experiencing higher exposures than adults. Accumulating evidence suggest that low-level exposures during early life stages can affect brain development and lead to long-term behavioral impairments. We investigated the effects of zebrafish exposure to low doses of the two prominent PBDEs; 2,2',4,4',5,-Pentabromodiphenyl ether (BDE-99) and 2,2',4,4',-Tetrabromodiphenyl ether (BDE-47), during embryo-development on short- and long-term behavioral endpoints...
September 18, 2017: Neurotoxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28935267/methylphenidate-doses-in-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-and-comorbid-substance-use-disorders
#10
Charlotte Skoglund, Lena Brandt, Brian D'Onofrio, Henrik Larsson, Johan Franck
Patients with Attention Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) and comorbid Substance Use Disorders (SUD) are increasingly being treated with central stimulant medication despite limited evidence for its effectiveness. Lack of longitudinal follow-up studies of dosing and adverse effects has resulted in conflicting treatment guidelines. This study aims to explore whether individuals with ADHD and comorbid SUD are treated with higher stimulant doses than individuals with ADHD only, and whether doses increase over time as a sign of tolerance, a core symptom of addiction...
September 18, 2017: European Neuropsychopharmacology: the Journal of the European College of Neuropsychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28932185/hyperactivity-of-hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal-axis-due-to-dysfunction-of-the-hypothalamic-glucocorticoid-receptor-in-sigma-1-receptor-knockout-mice
#11
Tingting Di, Suyun Zhang, Juan Hong, Tingting Zhang, Ling Chen
Sigma-1 receptor knockout (σ1R-KO) mice exhibit a depressive-like phenotype. Because σ1R is highly expressed in the neuronal cells of hypothalamic paraventricular nuclei (PVN), this study investigated the influence of σ1R deficiency on the regulation of the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenocortical (HPA) axis. Here, we show that the levels of basal serum corticosterone (CORT), adrenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH) and corticotrophin releasing factor (CRF) as well as the level of CRF mRNA in PVN did not significantly differ between adult male σ1R-KO mice and wild-type (WT) mice...
2017: Frontiers in Molecular Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28931070/atrazine-induced-epigenetic-transgenerational-inheritance-of-disease-lean-phenotype-and-sperm-epimutation-pathology-biomarkers
#12
Margaux McBirney, Stephanie E King, Michelle Pappalardo, Elizabeth Houser, Margaret Unkefer, Eric Nilsson, Ingrid Sadler-Riggleman, Daniel Beck, Paul Winchester, Michael K Skinner
Ancestral environmental exposures to a variety of environmental toxicants and other factors have been shown to promote the epigenetic transgenerational inheritance of adult onset disease. The current study examined the potential transgenerational actions of the herbicide atrazine. Atrazine is one of the most commonly used herbicides in the agricultural industry, in particular with corn and soy crops. Outbred gestating female rats were transiently exposed to a vehicle control or atrazine. The F1 generation offspring were bred to generate the F2 generation and then the F2 generation bred to generate the F3 generation...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28928644/near-infrared-spectroscopy-based-frontal-lobe-neurofeedback-integrated-in-virtual-reality-modulates-brain-and-behavior-in-highly-impulsive-adults
#13
Justin Hudak, Friederike Blume, Thomas Dresler, Florian B Haeussinger, Tobias J Renner, Andreas J Fallgatter, Caterina Gawrilow, Ann-Christine Ehlis
Based on neurofeedback (NF) training as a neurocognitive treatment in attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), we designed a randomized, controlled functional near-infrared spectroscopy (fNIRS) NF intervention embedded in an immersive virtual reality classroom in which participants learned to control overhead lighting with their dorsolateral prefrontal brain activation. We tested the efficacy of the intervention on healthy adults displaying high impulsivity as a sub-clinical population sharing common features with ADHD...
2017: Frontiers in Human Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28928191/economic-volatility-in-childhood-and-subsequent-adolescent-mental-health-problems-a-longitudinal-population-based-study-of-adolescents
#14
Tormod Bøe, Jens Christoffer Skogen, Børge Sivertsen, Mari Hysing, Keith J Petrie, Eric Dearing, Henrik Daae Zachrisson
OBJECTIVE: The aim of the current paper was to investigate the association between the patterns of duration, timing and sequencing of exposure to low family income during childhood, and symptoms of mental health problems in adolescence. SETTING: Survey administered to a large population-based sample of Norwegian adolescents. PARTICIPANTS: Survey data from 9154 participants of 16-19 years age (53% participation rate; 52.7% girls) were linked to registry-based information about childhood family income from tax return data...
September 18, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28923721/evidence-of-sexual-dimorphism-of-htr1b-gene-on-major-adult-adhd-comorbidities
#15
Diana Müller, Eugenio H Grevet, Alana C Panzenhagen, Renata B Cupertino, Bruna S da Silva, Djenifer B Kappel, Nina R Mota, Paula Blaya-Rocha, Stefania P Teche, Eduardo S Vitola, Luis A Rohde, Verônica Contini, Diego L Rovaris, Jaqueline B Schuch, Claiton H D Bau
Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is a very common psychiatric disorder across the life cycle and frequently presents comorbidities. Since ADHD is highly heritable, several studies have focused in the underlying genetic factors involved in its etiology. One of the major challenges in this search is the phenotypic heterogeneity, which could be partly attributable to the sexual dimorphism frequently seen in psychiatric disorders. Taking into account the well-known sexual dimorphic effect observed in serotonergic system characteristics, we differentially tested the influence of HTR1B SNPs (rs11568817, rs130058, rs6296 and rs13212041) on ADHD susceptibility and on its major comorbidities according to sex...
September 8, 2017: Journal of Psychiatric Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922069/glutamatergic-agents-in-the-treatment-of-compulsivity-and-impulsivity-in-child-and-adolescent-psychiatry-a-systematic-review-of-the-literature
#16
Konstantin Mechler, Alexander Häge, Nina Schweinfurth, Jeffrey C Glennon, Rick M Dijkhuizen, Declan Murphy, Sarah Durston, Steven Williams, Jan K Buitelaar, Tobias Banaschewski, Ralf W Dittmann, The Tactics Consortium
OBJECTIVE: Research has implicated glutamatergic projections between the various frontal subregions in the pathogenesis of compulsivity and impulsivity. Reducing striatal glutamate release, or antagonising the action of glutamate at its receptors, may therefore represent viable treatment strategies. Several glutamatergic agents with regulatory approval for other indications are available and may be of potential benefit in the treatment of compulsivity/impulsivity in psychiatric disorders in paediatric patients...
September 18, 2017: Zeitschrift Für Kinder- und Jugendpsychiatrie und Psychotherapie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28921528/practitioner-review-treatment-of-chronic-insomnia-in-children-and-adolescents-with-neurodevelopmental-disabilities
#17
REVIEW
Oliviero Bruni, Marco Angriman, Fabrizio Calisti, Alessandro Comandini, Giovanna Esposito, Samuele Cortese, Raffaele Ferri
BACKGROUND: Sleep disturbances, in particular insomnia, represent a common problem in children with neurodevelopmental disabilities (NDDs). Currently, there are no approved medications for insomnia in children by the US Food and Drug Administration or European Medicines Agency and therefore they are prescribed off-label. We critically reviewed pediatric literature on drugs as well as nonpharmacological (behavioral) interventions used for sleep disturbances in children with NDDs. METHODS: PubMed, Ovid (including PsycINFO, Ovid MEDLINE(®) , and Embase), and Web of Knowledge databases were searched through February 12, 2017, with no language restrictions...
September 18, 2017: Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, and Allied Disciplines
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28915839/risk-of-mortality-among-children-adolescents-and-adults-with-autism-spectrum-disorder-or-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-and-their-first-degree-relatives-a-protocol-for-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-observational-studies
#18
Ferrán Catalá-López, Brian Hutton, Matthew J Page, Manuel Ridao, Jane A Driver, Adolfo Alonso-Arroyo, Jaume Forés-Martos, Diego Macías Saint-Gerons, Eduard Vieta, Alfonso Valencia, Rafael Tabarés-Seisdedos
BACKGROUND: Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) and attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) are childhood onset neurodevelopmental disorders that may persist into adulthood. ASD and ADHD tend to run in families and may have a significant negative impact on the health and longevity of those with the disorder and their relatives. The aim of this study will be to analyze the risk of mortality among children, adolescents, and adults with ASD or ADHD and their first-degree relatives. METHODS/DESIGN: We will conduct a systematic review and meta-analysis of observational studies...
September 15, 2017: Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28915090/evaluating-the-consistency-of-scales-used-in-adult-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-assessment-of-college-aged-adults
#19
Ayman Saleh, Catherine Fuchs, Warren D Taylor, Frances Niarhos
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 15, 2017: Journal of American College Health: J of ACH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28913612/finger-tapping-and-pre-attentive-sensorimotor-timing-in-adults-with-adhd
#20
Michael J Hove, Nickolas Gravel, Rebecca M C Spencer, Eve M Valera
Sensorimotor timing deficits are considered central to attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). However, the tasks establishing timing impairments often involve interconnected processes, including low-level sensorimotor timing and higher level executive processes such as attention. Thus, the source of timing deficits in ADHD remains unclear. Low-level sensorimotor timing can be isolated from higher level processes in a finger-tapping task that examines the motor response to unexpected shifts of metronome onsets...
September 14, 2017: Experimental Brain Research. Experimentelle Hirnforschung. Expérimentation Cérébrale
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