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Endoscopic myotomy

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28321165/fibrin-sealant-for-closure-of-mucosal-penetration-at-the-cardia-during-peroral-endoscopic-myotomy-a-retrospective-study-at-a-single-center
#1
Wen-Gang Zhang, En-Qiang Linghu, Hui-Kai Li
AIM: To assess the efficacy and safety of fibrin sealant for closure of mucosal penetration at the cardia during peroral endoscopic myotomy (POEM). METHODS: Twenty-four patients who underwent POEM and experienced mucosal injury of the cardia during the procedure were retrospectively identified. Of the 24 patients, 21 had mucosal penetration and 3 had only slight mucosal damage without penetration. The 21 patients with mucosal penetration received fibrin sealant for closure at the site of penetration...
March 7, 2017: World Journal of Gastroenterology: WJG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28317687/filling-the-gap-safety-of-per-oral-endoscopic-myotomy-attested-by-evidence
#2
EDITORIAL
Quan-Lin Li, Ping-Hong Zhou
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2017: Gastrointestinal Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28316620/clinical-outcomes-and-safety-of-partial-full-thickness-myotomy-versus-circular-muscle-myotomy-in-peroral-endoscopic-myotomy-for-achalasia-patients
#3
Chenyu Li, Aixia Gong, Jingwen Zhang, Zhijun Duan, Linmei Ge, Nan Xia, Jing Leng, Mei Li, Yanjie Liu
Background. Here we aimed to evaluate and compare the efficacy and safety between partial full-thickness myotomy and circular muscle myotomy during POEM procedure in achalasia patients. Methods. Clinical data of achalasia of cardia (AC) patients who underwent POEM in our center during January 2014 to January 2015 was collected (34 cases). 19 patients who received partial full-thickness myotomy were assigned to group A and 14 patients who received circular muscle myotomy were assigned to group B. The procedure-related parameters between the two groups were compared...
2017: Gastroenterology Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28315151/peroral-endoscopic-myotomy-for-type-iii-achalasia-of-chicago-classification-outcomes-with-a-minimum-follow-up-of-24%C3%A2-months
#4
Wengang Zhang, En-Qiang Linghu
INTRODUCTION: There are only few studies about the outcomes of peroral endoscopic myotomy (POEM) for type III achalasia in a relatively large population to date. The purpose of this study was to explore the long-term efficacy of POEM for patients with type III achalasia. METHODS: There were a total of 32 consecutive patients with type III achalasia undergoing POEM in our hospital from July 2012 to October 2014. Clinical date of general characteristics, procedure-related parameters and adverse events, symptom relief, and the high-resolution manometry outcomes before and during the periodic follow-up were retrospectively collected and analyzed...
March 17, 2017: Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery: Official Journal of the Society for Surgery of the Alimentary Tract
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28260955/peroral-endoscopic-myotomy-procedural-complications-and-pain-management-for-the-perioperative-clinician
#5
Lopa Misra, Norio Fukami, Katarina Nikolic, Terrence L Trentman
Achalasia refers to the lack of smooth muscle relaxation of the distal esophagus. Although nonsurgical treatments such as pneumatic dilatation of the distal esophagus and botulinum toxin injections have been performed, these procedures have limited duration. Similarly, surgical treatment with Heller myotomy is associated with complications. At our institution, we perform the peroral endoscopic myotomy (POEM) in qualified patients. Briefly, POEM involves endoscopic creation of a mid-esophageal submucosal bleb, creation of a submucosal tunnel with the endoscope, and then a distal myotomy, resulting in relaxation of the distal esophagus...
2017: Medical Devices: Evidence and Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28250904/combination-of-concurrent-endoscopic-submucosal-dissection-and-modified-peroral-endoscopic-myotomy-for-an-achalasia-patient-with-synchronous-early-esophageal-neoplasms
#6
Sha Shi, Kuangi Fu, Xin-Qian Dong, Yu-Jing Hao, Sen-Lin Li
Achalasia is generally accepted as a condition associated with an increased risk for developing esophageal squamous cell carcinoma. In our paper, we introduced an achalasia patient combined with synchronous early esophageal neoplasms. We performed a combination of concurrent endoscopic submucosal dissection (ESD) and peroral endoscopic myotomy (POEM). No complications other than postoperative pain that needed morphine treatment for two days had occurred. Dysphagia was significantly improved. Neither reflux nor cough occurred...
February 16, 2017: World Journal of Gastrointestinal Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28243108/successful-peroral-endoscopic-myotomy-performed-in-endoscopy-department-as-a-radical-long-term-treatment-for-esophageal-achalasia-the-greek-experience
#7
Nikolas Eleftheriadis, Eleni Damianos Eleftheriadou
INTRODUCTION: Peroral endoscopic myotomy (POEM) has been considered as a minimal-invasive, innovative technique for long-term treatment of all types of esophageal achalasia and other esophageal motility disorders. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We report on 20 consecutive Greek patients with manometrically proved esophageal achalasia (14 patients with type I, 4 with type II, 2 with type III, and 4 with sigmoid esophagus), with an age range of 32-92 years, mean age 59 years, 12 males, successfully treated by POEM from 2013 to 2015...
2017: Therapeutics and Clinical Risk Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28236012/application-of-a-computer-assisted-flexible-endoscope-system-for-transoral-surgery-of-the-hypopharynx-and-upper-esophagus
#8
Daniel T Friedrich, M O Scheithauer, J Greve, N Rotter, J Doescher, T K Hoffmann, P J Schuler
Zenker's diverticulum is a common pathology in the transition zone of the posterior hypopharynx and esophagus. Surgical treatment is routinely performed by ENT and general surgeons. Besides the traditional open transcervical diverticulectomy, the introduction of transoral rigid treatment led to a paradigm change and is now the preferred treatment option for patients who are fit for general anesthesia. The implementation of interventional flexible endoscopy has opened another new micro-invasive approach for patients with high morbidity...
February 24, 2017: European Archives of Oto-rhino-laryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28235595/an-international-multicenter-study-evaluating-the-clinical-efficacy-and-safety-of-per-oral-endoscopic-myotomy-in-octogenarians
#9
Yen-I Chen, Haruhiro Inoue, Michael Ujiki, Peter V Draganov, Paul Colavita, Francois Mion, John Romanelli, Philip Chiu, Valerio Balassone, Lava Patel, Ali Abbas, Dennis Yang, Christy Dunst, Mathieu Pioche, Sabine Roman, Jérôme Rivory, Thierry Ponchon, David Desilets, Roberta Maselli, Manabu Onimaru, Jun Nakamura, Yoshitaka Hata, Gulara Hajiyeva, Amr Ismail, Saowanee Ngamruengphong, Majidah Bukhari, Yamile Haito Chavez, Vivek Kumbhari, Alessandro Repici, Mouen A Khashab
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Per-oral endoscopic myotomy (POEM) for achalasia is particularly appealing in the elderly due to its minimally invasiveness; however, data in patients age ≥ 80 years are scarce. The aim of this study was to assess the clinical outcome of POEM in octogenarians. METHODS: Multicenter retrospective study at 8 centers. Consecutive octogenarians with achalasia who underwent POEM between 2010 and 2016 were included. Rates of technical success (completion of myotomy), clinical response (Eckardt score ≤3), and adverse events (AEs) (severity graded as per American Society for Gastrointestinal Endoscopy [ASGE] lexicon) were assessed...
February 21, 2017: Gastrointestinal Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28223738/peroral-endoscopic-myotomy-for-treatment-of-guillain-barre-syndrome-associated-achalasia-a-rare-case
#10
Seung Kak Shin, Kyoung Oh Kim, Eui Joo Kim, Su Young Kim, Jung Ho Kim, Yoon Jae Kim, Jun-Won Chung, Kwang An Kwon, Dong Kyun Park
Guillain-Barre syndrome (GBS)-associated achalasia is a very rare disease of uncertain cause. We report the case of a patient diagnosed with GBS-associated type I achalasia who was successfully treated with peroral endoscopic myotomy (POEM). A 30-year-old man who was diagnosed with GBS 3 mo before was referred to our department with dysphagia and meal-related regurgitation. The results of esophagography, endoscopy, and high-resolution manometry (HRM) revealed type I achalasia. POEM that utilized a submucosal tunneling technique was performed to treat the GBS-associated type I achalasia...
February 7, 2017: World Journal of Gastroenterology: WJG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28213067/duodenal-gangliocytic-paraganglioma-successfully-treated-by-local-surgical-excision-a-case-report
#11
Dimetrios Papaconstantinou, Nikolaos Machairas, Vasileia Damaskou, Nikolaos Zavras, Christine Kontopoulou, Anastasios Machairas
INTRODUCTION: Duodenal gangliocytic paragangliomas are rare neoplasms often arising in proximity to the major duodenal papilla of Vater. These neoplasms are considered to have a benign behavior with lymph node metastases being a rare phenomenon and distant metastatic disease even more so. Resection of the tumor is the only definitive therapy. PRESENTATION OF CASE: A 67year old male presented to a referring hospital with symptoms of fatigue and malaise. Evaluation with CT imaging revealed a 3...
January 19, 2017: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28188367/current-status-of-achalasia-management-a-review-on-diagnosis-and-treatment
#12
REVIEW
Joshua Tuason, Haruhiro Inoue
BACKGROUND: Achalasia is a rare esophageal motility disorder that is characterized by loss of peristalsis and failure of relaxation of the lower esophageal sphincter (LES), particularly during swallowing. This review focuses on the diagnosis of esophageal motility disorders as defined by the Chicago Classification ver 3.0, and presents management options with regard to per-oral endoscopic myotomy (POEM) as the treatment of choice. METHODS: A concise review of literature was performed for articles related to the management of achalasia, and this was contrasted with our institution's current practice...
April 2017: Journal of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28161449/outcomes-and-quality-of-life-assessment-after-gastric-per-oral-endoscopic-pyloromyotomy-with-video
#13
Sunil Dacha, Parit Mekaroonkamol, Lianyong Li, Nikrad Shahnavaz, Sonali Sakaria, Steven Keilin, Field Willingham, Jennifer Christie, Qiang Cai
BACKGROUND AND AIM: Gastric per-oral endoscopic pyloromyotomy (GPOEM) is emerging as a promising option for the treatment of gastroparesis. This study assessed outcomes and quality of life after GPOEM for gastroparesis, performed in an endoscopy unit at a major tertiary referral center. METHODS: We performed a retrospective review of patients who had undergone GPOEM from June 2015 to July 2016. Data were collected from electronic medical records and included patient demographics, endoscopy records, hospitalization records, clinic visits, and electronic messages...
February 1, 2017: Gastrointestinal Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28151769/per-oral-endoscopic-myotomy-in-a-child-with-achalasia-cardia
#14
Zaheer Nabi, Mohan Ramchandani, D Nageshwar Reddy
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 1, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28148574/peroral-endoscopic-myotomy-a-literature-review-and-the-first-uk-case-series
#15
Shraddha Gulati, Andrew Emmanuel, Haruhiro Inoue, Bu'Hussain Hayee, Amyn Haji
Peroral endoscopic myotomy (POEM) is an established treatment for primary achalasia. It has gained endorsement from the American Society for Gastrointestinal Endoscopy with increasing clinical acceptance since the first procedure, performed in Japan in 2008. The first successful POEM in the UK was performed in November 2013 at King's College Hospital and this article presents the first UK case series. Prospective data were collected at 3 and 12-24 months for consecutive patients undergoing POEM. Post-POEM gastro-oesophageal reflux health-related quality of life scale (GORD-HRQoL) score was recorded...
February 2017: Clinical Medicine: Journal of the Royal College of Physicians of London
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28145968/outcome-of-peroral-endoscopic-myotomy-poem-for-treating-achalasia-compared-with-laparoscopic-heller-myotomy-lhm
#16
Lijun Peng, Shuni Tian, Chao Du, Ziying Yuan, Mingxiao Guo, Lin Lu
OBJECTIVE: Peroral endoscopic myotomy (POEM) is an emerging endoscopic treatment for achalasia and the long-term efficacy of POEM remains to be evaluated. This study compared the outcomes of POEM with that of the standard laparoscopic Heller myotomy (LHM) for achalasia. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Achalasia patients treated by POEM or LHM were retrospectively analyzed, with a minimum postoperative follow-up of 3 years. Perioperative outcomes and long-term outcomes including treatment success (Eckardt score ≤3), occurrence of gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) (GerdQ score ≥9) and quality of life (36-item short form) were compared...
February 2017: Surgical Laparoscopy, Endoscopy & Percutaneous Techniques
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28120018/-surgical-treatment-of-achalasia-endoscopic-or-laparoscopic-proposal-for-a%C3%A2-tailored-approach
#17
B H A von Rahden, J Filser, M Al-Nasser, C-T Germer
Primary idiopathic achalasia is the most common form of the rare esophageal motility disorders. A curative therapy which restores the normal motility does not exist; however, the therapeutic principle of cardiomyotomy according to Ernst Heller leads to excellent symptom control in the majority of cases. The established standard approach is Heller myotomy through the laparoscopic route (LHM), combined with Dor anterior fundoplication for reflux prophylaxis/therapy. At least four meta-analyses of randomized controlled trials (RCTs) have demonstrated superiority of LHM over pneumatic dilation (PD); therefore, LHM should be used as first line therapy (without prior PD) in all operable patients...
January 24, 2017: Der Chirurg; Zeitschrift Für Alle Gebiete der Operativen Medizen
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28116675/anesthetic-considerations-for-patients-with-esophageal-achalasia-undergoing-peroral-endoscopic-myotomy-a-retrospective-case-series-review
#18
Benjamin Löser, Yuki B Werner, Mark A Punke, Bernd Saugel, Sebastian Haas, Daniel A Reuter, Oliver Mann, Anna Duprée, Guido Schachschal, Thomas Rösch, Martin Petzoldt
PURPOSE: Peroral endoscopic myotomy (POEM) is a novel technique for treating esophageal achalasia. During POEM, carbon dioxide (CO2) is insufflated to aid surgical dissection, but it may inadvertently track into surrounding tissues, causing systemic CO2 uptake and tension capnoperitoneum. This in turn may affect cardiorespiratory function. This study quantified these cardiorespiratory effects and treatment by hyperventilation and percutaneous abdominal needle decompression (PND). METHODS: One hundred and seventy-three consecutive patients who underwent POEM were included in this four-year retrospective study...
January 23, 2017: Canadian Journal of Anaesthesia, Journal Canadien D'anesthésie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28114155/capnoperitoneum-during-peroral-endoscopic-myotomy-recognition-and-management-a-case-report
#19
Eric Lee, Jay B Brodsky, Homero Rivas, Karl Zheng, John G Brock-Utne
Peroral endoscopic myotomy (POEM) is a minimally invasive procedure for treating esophageal achalasia. During POEM, carbon dioxide is insufflated under pressure into the esophagus and stomach, which can cause clinically significant capnoperitoneum, capnomediastinum, or capnothorax. We present a case in which gas accumulation in the abdomen during POEM had adverse effects on ventilation. Once the cause was recognized, needle decompression of the abdomen led to immediate improvement in ventilation.
March 15, 2017: A & A Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28099056/multidisciplinary-approach-to-esophageal-achalasia-a-single-center-experience
#20
Francisco Schlottmann, Ciro Andolfi, Robert T Kavitt, Vani J A Konda, Marco G Patti
BACKGROUND: The treatment of achalasia is palliative. Pneumatic dilatation (PD) or laparoscopic Heller myotomy (LHM) just eliminates the outflow obstruction allowing easier emptying of the esophagus. The aim of this study was to evaluate the results of a multidisciplinary approach to esophageal achalasia. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A consecutive series of patients with achalasia treated by a multidisciplinary esophageal team consisting of radiologists, gastroenterologists, and surgeons in a quaternary care center between May 2008 and April 2015 were analyzed...
January 18, 2017: Journal of Laparoendoscopic & Advanced Surgical Techniques. Part A
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