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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28092752/optimising-uk-urban-road-verge-contributions-to-biodiversity-and-ecosystem-services-with-cost-effective-management
#1
REVIEW
Odhran S O'Sullivan, Alison R Holt, Philip H Warren, Karl L Evans
Urban road verges can contain significant biodiversity, contribute to structural connectivity between other urban greenspaces, and due to their proximity to road traffic are well placed to provide ecosystem services. Using the UK as a case study we review and critically evaluate a broad range of evidence to assess how this considerable potential can be enhanced despite financial, contractual and public opinion constraints. Reduced mowing frequency and other alterations would enhance biodiversity, aesthetics and pollination services, whilst delivering costs savings and potentially being publically acceptable...
January 13, 2017: Journal of Environmental Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28092750/assessing-common-birds-ecological-requirements-to-address-nature-conservation-in-permanent-crops-lessons-from-italian-vineyards
#2
Giacomo Assandri, Giuseppe Bogliani, Paolo Pedrini, Mattia Brambilla
Viticulture has contributed to shaping cultural landscapes in several regions across all continents. Recent farming intensification is causing landscape homogenization and biodiversity loss in several of those areas, but knowledge about the impacts on biodiversity in vineyards is still scarce. Simplified agro-ecosystems resulting from intensification host mainly generalist and common species, which still play a key role in the regulation of ecosystems and in the provision of ecosystem services. We assessed the abundance of 11 common bird species at 47 linear transects in a vineyard-dominated landscape in Trentino (NE Italy), in both spring and winter, and analysed abundance variation in relation to three independent groups of predictors: landscape, management, and topographic-climatic variables...
January 13, 2017: Journal of Environmental Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28092749/public-value-at-risk-from-phytophthora-ramorum-and-phytophthora-kernoviae-spread-in-england-and-wales
#3
Ben Drake, Glyn Jones
Heritage gardens, heathland and woodland are increasingly under threat from the non-native tree and plant diseases Phytophthora ramorum and Phytophthora kernoviae. However, there exist only limited literature that estimates the public non-market value that may be lost from a continued spread of Phytophthora ramorum and Phytophthora kernoviae into these habitats. This paper therefore uses a contingent valuation survey to assess the non-extractive public use and non-use values at risk from an uncontrolled spread of these diseases in England and Wales...
January 13, 2017: Journal of Environmental Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28092606/molecular-characterization-and-expression-analysis-of-the-nlr-family-card-containing-five-transcripts-in-the-pig
#4
Q Y Yang, T Chen, Y B Chen, D L Lan
The NOD-like receptor (NLR) family caspase recruitment domain-containing 5 (NLRC5) is one of the newly discovered and largest NLR family members. The NLRC5 has recently received extensive attention because of its important role in regulating innate and adaptive immune responses. The NLRC5 in many vertebrates, such as humans, mice, cattle, and horses, has already been proven and studied. However, the NLRC5 gene characteristics of pigs remain unclear. Thus, we completely cloned the NLRC5 cDNA sequence of the pig using the rapid amplification of cDNA ends(RACE) technology...
December 1, 2016: Polish Journal of Veterinary Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28092030/proteomic-clustering-analysis-of-sh2-domain-datasets
#5
Karl Jablonowski
Proteomic clustering analysis provides a means of identifying relationships and visualizing those relationships in an extremely complex field of study with many interacting parts. With recent high-throughput studies of Src Homology 2 (SH2) domains, many and varied datasets are being amassed. A strategy for analyzing patterns between these large datasets is required to transform the information into knowledge. The methods for creating neighbor-joining phylogenetic trees, pairs scatter plots, and two-dimensional hierarchical clustering heatmaps are just a few of the diverse methods available to a proteomic researcher...
2017: Methods in Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28091970/comparison-of-two-adsorbent-based-de-bittering-procedures-for-neem-azadirachta-indica-a-juss-tea-effect-on-polyphenols-anti-oxidant-capacity-color-and-volatile-profile
#6
Abhinandya Datta, Ingolf U Grün, Misha T Kwasniewski, Lakdas N Fernando
Bitterness reduction, especially of foods and beverages containing phytonutrients, is one of the biggest challenges in the food industry because bitterness has a deleterious effect on the taste profile of foods and beverages. Neem (Azadirachta indica A. Juss) is a medicinal tree, indigenous to the Indian-subcontinent, whose medicinal properties have led to it being heralded as the tree which is the "panacea for all diseases". However, neem leaf is extremely bitter, in large part due to its limonoid content, making it unpalatable...
January 14, 2017: Plant Foods for Human Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28091955/genome-wide-exploration-of-silicon-si-transporter-genes-lsi1-and-lsi2-in-plants-insights-into-si-accumulation-status-capacity-of-plants
#7
Recep Vatansever, Ibrahim Ilker Ozyigit, Ertugrul Filiz, Nermin Gozukara
Silicon (Si) is a nonessential, beneficial micronutrient for plants. It increases the plant stress tolerance in relation to its accumulation capacity. In this work, root Si transporter genes were characterized in 17 different plants and inferred for their Si-accumulation status. A total of 62 Si transporter genes (31 Lsi1 and 31 Lsi2) were identified in studied plants. Lsi1s were 261-324 residues protein with a MIP family domain whereas Lsi2s were 472-547 residues with a citrate transporter family domain. Lsi1s possessed characteristic sequence features that can be employed as benchmark in prediction of Si-accumulation status/capacity of the plants...
January 13, 2017: Biometals: An International Journal on the Role of Metal Ions in Biology, Biochemistry, and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28091932/current-concept-of-igg4-related-disease
#8
Kazuichi Okazaki, Hisanori Umehara
IgG4-related disease (IgG4-RD) is a fibroinflammatory disease of unknown etiology, which is characterized by a tendency to form tumefactive lesions, increased serum levels of IgG4, and massive infiltration of IgG4-positive plasma cells with storiform fibrosis and/or obliterative phlebitis. Patients with IgG4-RD have frequently multiorgan involvements such as the pancreas, biliary tree, salivary glands, periorbital tissues, kidneys, lungs, lymph nodes, and retroperitoneum. IgG4-RD mainly affects middle-aged to elderly men except for involvement in lachrymal and salivary glands, so-called Mikulicz's disease...
December 28, 2016: Current Topics in Microbiology and Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28091792/restoration-using-azolla-imbricata-increases-nitrogen-functional-bacterial-groups-and-genes-in-soil
#9
Xiao-Ming Lu, Peng-Zhen Lu, Ke Yang
Microbial groups are major factors that influence soil function. Currently, there is a lack of studies on microbial functional groups. Although soil microorganisms play an important role in the nitrogen cycle, systematic studies of the effects of environmental factors on microbial populations in relation to key metabolic processes in the nitrogen cycle are seldom reported. In this study, we conducted a systematic analysis of the changes in nitrogen functional groups in mandarin orange garden soil treated with Azolla imbricata...
January 16, 2017: Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28091760/characteristics-of-green-blue-fluorescence-generated-from-the-adaxial-sides-of-leaves-of-tree-species
#10
Masayoshi Nakayama, Tsukasa Iwashina
We discovered that some tree species have leaves whose adaxial sides show bright green-blue fluorescence upon exposure to ultraviolet irradiation. In total, 141 native Japanese species belonging to 47 families were analyzed, and the brightness of the leaf fluorescence, represented by the L* values (Lab color space) of the pictures, was evaluated. The species possessing the brightest fluorescent leaves, with L* > 50, were Camellia japonica, Camellia sasanqua, and Cleyera japonica of Theaceae, Osmanthus heterophyllus and Ligustrum japonicum of Oleaceae, Aucuba japonica of Garryaceae, and Trochodendron aralioides of Trochodendraceae...
January 16, 2017: Journal of Plant Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28091706/microclimates-might-limit-indirect-spillover-of-the-bat-borne-zoonotic-hendra-virus
#11
Gerardo Martin, Rebecca J Webb, Carla Chen, Raina K Plowright, Lee F Skerratt
Infectious diseases are transmitted when susceptible hosts are exposed to pathogen particles that can replicate within them. Among factors that limit transmission, the environment is particularly important for indirectly transmitted parasites. To try and assess a pathogens' ability to be transmitted through the environment and mitigate risk, we need to quantify its decay where transmission occurs in space such as the microclimate harbouring the pathogen. Hendra virus, a Henipavirus from Australian Pteropid bats, spills-over to horses and humans, causing high mortality...
January 14, 2017: Microbial Ecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28091657/zinc-transport-and-the-inhibition-of-the-l-type-calcium-channel-are-two-separable-functions-of-znt-1
#12
Eden Shusterman, Ofer Beharier, Shiri Levy, Raz Zarivach, Yoram Etzion, Craig R Campbell, Il-Ha Lee, Anuwat Dinudom, David I Cook, Asher Peretz, Amos Katz, Daniel Gitler, Arie Moran
Traditionally, proteins are considered to perform a single role, be it as an enzyme, a channel, a transporter or as a structural scaffold. However, recent studies have described moonlighting proteins that perform distinct and independent functions; for example, TRPM7 is both an ion channel and a kinase. ZnT-1 is a member of the Carrier Diffusion Facilitator family that is expressed throughout the phylogenetic tree from bacteria to humans. Since its cloning in 1995, ZnT-1 is considered a major extruder of Zn(2+) based on its capability to protect cells against zinc toxicity...
January 16, 2017: Metallomics: Integrated Biometal Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28091574/an-inert-pesticide-adjuvant-synergizes-viral-pathogenicity-and-mortality-in-honey-bee-larvae
#13
Julia D Fine, Diana L Cox-Foster, Christopher A Mullin
Honey bees are highly valued for their pollination services in agricultural settings, and recent declines in managed populations have caused concern. Colony losses following a major pollination event in the United States, almond pollination, have been characterized by brood mortality with specific symptoms, followed by eventual colony loss weeks later. In this study, we demonstrate that these symptoms can be produced by chronically exposing brood to both an organosilicone surfactant adjuvant (OSS) commonly used on many agricultural crops including wine grapes, tree nuts and tree fruits and exogenous viral pathogens by simulating a horizontal transmission event...
January 16, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28090413/development-of-microsatellite-markers-in-garcinia-paucinervis-clusiaceae-an-endangered-species-of-karst-habitats
#14
Gang Hu, Zhong-Hua Zhang, Ping Yang, Qi-Wei Zhang, Chang-An Yuan
PREMISE OF THE STUDY: Microsatellite markers were developed for Garcinia paucinervis (Clusiaceae), an endangered and endemic tree species of karst habitats, to analyze its genetic diversity and genetic structure. METHODS AND RESULTS: Using shotgun sequencing on an Illumina MiSeq platform, a total of 22 microsatellite primer sets were characterized, of which 17 were identified as polymorphic. For these polymorphic loci, the total number of alleles per locus ranged from two to 12 across 54 individuals from three populations...
January 2017: Applications in Plant Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28090412/development-characterization-and-cross-amplification-of-microsatellite-markers-in-the-understudied-african-genus-anthonotha-fabaceae
#15
Boris B Demenou, Olivier J Hardy
PREMISE OF THE STUDY: Anthonotha macrophylla (Fabaceae) is a common tree species throughout the Guineo-Congolian forest that is sometimes confounded with other congeneric species; it is expected to be an interesting phylogeographical model to infer the history of the African dense forests. We developed 18 microsatellite markers from this species and tested their transferability in 15 congeneric species. METHODS AND RESULTS: A genomic library was obtained using the Illumina platform, and 18 polymorphic microsatellite loci were developed...
January 2017: Applications in Plant Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28090264/drought-stress-induced-changes-of-micrornas-in-diploid-and-autotetraploid-paulownia-tomentosa
#16
Xibing Cao, Guoqiang Fan, Lin Cao, Minjie Deng, Zhenli Zhao, Suyan Niu, Zhe Wang, Yuanlong Wang
Drought stress adversely affects plant productivity. Growth and timber production of Paulownia trees are limited under drought stress. Changes in gene expression patterns and miRNA in different ploidy of Paulownia tomentosa have been investigated. However, the responses of P. tomentosa to drought stress at the microRNA (miRNA) level have not been reported so far. To identify miRNA candidates and their target genes involved in the drought stress response in diploid and tetraploid P. tomentosa, four small RNA and four degradome libraries from diploid and autotetraploid P...
2017: Genes & Genomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28089841/the-birth-of-aposematism-high-phenotypic-divergence-and-low-genetic-diversity-in-a-young-clade-of-poison-frogs
#17
Rebecca Dent Tarvin, Emily A Powell, Juan C Santos, Santiago R Ron, David C Cannatella
Rapid radiation coupled with low genetic divergence often hinders species delimitation and phylogeny estimation even if putative species are phenotypically distinct. Some aposematic species, such as poison frogs (Dendrobatidae), have high levels of intraspecific color polymorphism, which can lead to overestimation of species when phenotypic divergence primarily guides species delimitation. We explored this possibility in the youngest origin of aposematism (3-7 MYA) in poison frogs, Epipedobates, by comparing genetic divergence with color and acoustic divergence...
January 13, 2017: Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28089794/a-molecular-phylogeny-reveals-the-cuban-enigmatic-genus-behaimia-as-a-new-piece-in-the-brongniartieae-puzzle-of-papilionoid-legumes
#18
Luciano Paganucci de Queiroz, Wallace São Mateus, Alfonso Delgado-Salinas, Benjamin M Torke, Gwilym P Lewis, Óscar Dorado, Julie K Ardley, Martin F Wojciechowski, Domingos Cardoso
The papilionoid legume tribe Brongniartieae comprises a collection of 13 genera with disparate morphologies that were previously positioned in at least three remotely related tribes. The Brongniartieae displays a wide geographical disjunction between Australia and the New World and previous phylogenetic studies had provided conflicting results about the relationships between the American and Australian genera. We carry out phylogenetic analyses of (1) a plastid matK dataset extensively sampled across legumes to solve the enigmatic relationship of the Cuban-endemic monospecific genus Behaimia; and (2) multilocus datasets with focus on all genera ever referred to Brongniartieae...
January 9, 2017: Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28089620/the-use-of-information-theory-for-the-evaluation-of-biomarkers-of-aging-and-physiological-age
#19
David Blokh, Ilia Stambler
The present work explores the application of information theoretical measures, such as entropy and normalized mutual information, for research of biomarkers of aging. The use of information theory affords unique methodological advantages for the study of aging processes, as it allows evaluating non-linear relations between biological parameters, providing the precise quantitative strength of those relations, both for individual and multiple parameters, showing cumulative or synergistic effect. Here we illustrate those capabilities utilizing a dataset on heart disease, including diagnostic parameters routinely available to physicians...
January 12, 2017: Mechanisms of Ageing and Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28089466/contaminants-of-emerging-concern-in-caspian-tern-compared-to-herring-gull-eggs-from-michigan-colonies-in-the-great-lakes-of-north-america
#20
Guanyong Su, Robert J Letcher, Jeremy N Moore, Lisa L Williams, Keith A Grasman
A broad suite of 87 contaminants of emerging concern (CECs), including 26 polybrominated diphenyl ethers (PBDEs), 23 non-PBDEs halogenated FRs (NPHFRs), 16 organophosphate esters (OPEs), 4 perfluorinated sulfonates (PFSAs), 13 perfluorinated carboxylic acids (PFCAs) and 5 emerging perfluoroalkyl acids (PFAAs) or precursors, were determined in 30 individual Caspian tern (listed as a threatened species in the U.S. State of Michigan) eggs collected in 2013 and 2014 from Michigan nesting sites on Two Tree Island (St, Mary's River), Charity Reef (Saginaw Bay) and Channel-Shelter Island (a Confined Disposal Facility (CDF) in Saginaw Bay)...
January 12, 2017: Environmental Pollution
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