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Fungal rhinosinusitis

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29122081/gender-specific-differences-in-serum-immunoglobulin-e-levels-and-prevalence-of-fungus-in-sinonasal-tissue-noted-in-patients-with-chronic-rhinosinusitis-who-underwent-endoscopic-sinus-surgery
#1
Antoine Azar, Matthew A Rank, Matthew A Zarka, Yu-Hui Chang, Devyani Lal
BACKGROUND: We previously presented that women with chronic rhinosinusitis (CRS) who elected endoscopic sinus surgery (ESS) have a higher symptom burden than men. Causes of these gender-based differences warranted further study. OBJECTIVES: To study gender differences in another cohort of adult patients with CRS who underwent ESS and to compare key histopathologic and serologic features Methods: Patients with CRS who underwent ESS (from 2011 to 2014) with structured histopathology reports on surgical samples were studied...
November 1, 2017: American Journal of Rhinology & Allergy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29101992/acr-appropriateness-criteria-%C3%A2-sinonasal-disease
#2
Claudia F E Kirsch, Julie Bykowski, Joseph M Aulino, Kevin L Berger, Asim F Choudhri, David B Conley, Michael D Luttrull, Diego Nunez, Lubdha M Shah, Aseem Sharma, Vilaas S Shetty, Rathan M Subramaniam, Sophia C Symko, Rebecca S Cornelius
Imaging of sinonasal pathology may occur for assessment of rhinosinusitis or mass lesions. Rhinosinusitis is prevalent in up to 16% of the US population with annual economic burdens estimated at 22 billion dollars. Rhinosinusitis is characterized as acute or chronic based on symptom duration; if four or more episodes occur annually, the term recurrent acute rhinosinusitis (RARS) is used. In acute uncomplicated rhinosinusitis when inflammatory change remains in the paranasal sinuses and nasal cavity, imaging may not be required...
November 2017: Journal of the American College of Radiology: JACR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29045032/a-retrospective-review-of-six-hundred-and-nineteen-cases-to-determine-the-prevalence-and-factors-associated-with-revision-endoscopic-sinus-surgery-in-afrs-vs-non-afrs-patients
#3
LETTER
A Rajwani, J Manji, A Finkelstein-Kulka, A-R R Habib, S Alsaleh, L Macias-Valle, A R Javer
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 17, 2017: Clinical Otolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29024448/isolated-sphenoid-sinus-opacifications-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#4
REVIEW
William J Moss, Andrey Finegersh, Aria Jafari, Bharat Panuganti, Charles S Coffey, Adam DeConde, Jacob Husseman
BACKGROUND: Isolated sphenoid sinus opacifications (ISSOs) represent a relatively uncommon disease with the potential for serious complications. To better understand this disease, we performed a systematic review to further characterize the underlying pathologies, associated symptoms, and treatment outcomes of patients with ISSOs. METHODS: A systematic review of ISSO case series was performed utilizing the Medline, Embase, Web of Science, and Cochrane databases in accordance with guidelines established by PRISMA (Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses)...
October 12, 2017: International Forum of Allergy & Rhinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28988260/the-significance-of-computed-tomography-in-invasive-paranasal-mucormycosis
#5
G Slonimsky, E Slonimsky, A Yakirevitch, D Sagiv, S Duvdevani, Y P Talmi, M Wolf, E E Alon
INTRODUCTION: Early diagnosis of acute invasive fungal rhinosinusitis (AIFR) is crucial for patients prognosis and may reduce the extent of surgical debridement. Initial evaluation usually includes paranasal Computed Tomography (CT), with an emphasis on bony erosion which is considered a specific but insensitive radiologic sign. Most studies made no distinction between Aspergillus and Mucor species while addressing CT findings. In this study, we seek to evaluate whether bony erosion on paranasal CT is a significant and reliable finding in the initial evaluation of invasive paranasal mucormycosis...
October 8, 2017: Rhinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28964531/the-role-of-allergy-in-chronic-rhinosinusitis
#6
REVIEW
Ashleigh A Halderman, Laura J Tully
The role of allergy in chronic rhinosinusitis (CRS) has long been debated and remains controversial. The 2 diseases frequently co-occur; however, direct causality has never been proved. The literature is largely mixed as to the manner and degree by which allergy contributes to CRS and this is in large part due to heterogeneity in the definitions of allergy and of CRS. In this review, the potential role of allergy in the disease processes of CRS without polyps, CRS with polyps, and allergic fungal rhinosinusitis is discussed...
December 2017: Otolaryngologic Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28931197/study-of-factors-responsible-for-recidivism-in-allergic-fungal-rhinosinusitis
#7
Bipin Kishore Prasad
Patients with allergic fungal rhinosinusitis (AFRS) are typically atopic and immunocompetent. Despite combined modality treatment based on surgery and immunomodulation, the potential for recidivism is well recognized. A study was conducted in a military hospital in India to identify the factors responsible for recidivism in AFRS and to suggest measures to overcome it. Sixty patients with AFRS (42 new cases and 18 cases that required revision surgery) were managed between January 2009 and July 2013. Patients underwent endoscopic, radiologic, and laboratory evaluation for AFRS followed by functional endoscopic sinus surgery...
September 2017: Ear, Nose, & Throat Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922487/pcr-based-detection-of-a-fumigatus-and-absence-of-azole-resistance-due-to-tr34-l98h-in-a-french-multicenter-cohort-of-137-patients-with-fungal-rhinosinusitis
#8
Florent Morio, Eric Dannaoui, Taieb Chouaki, Estelle Cateau, Olivier Malard, Pierre Bonfils, Cyril Page, Xavier Dufour, Claire Cottrel, Tamic Erwan, Rose-Anne Lavergne, Patrice Le Pape
BACKGROUND: Fungal rhinosinusitis has a worldwide distribution, comprises distinct clinical entities but is mostly due to Aspergillus among which A. fumigatus plays a major role in European countries. Although, there is accumulating evidence for the emergence of environmentally acquired-azole resistance in A. fumigatus (such as TR34 /L98H) in various clinical settings, there is few data for patients with fungal rhinosinusitis. OBJECTIVES: To investigate the prevalence of A...
September 18, 2017: Mycoses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28921521/a-paradigm-for-evaluation-and-management-of-the-maxillary-sinus-before-dental-implantation
#9
Yi-Wei Chen, Fu-Ying Lee, Po-Hung Chang, Chi-Che Huang, Chia-Hsiang Fu, Chien-Chia Huang, Ta-Jen Lee
OBJECTIVES: To determine a paradigm for evaluating and managing maxillary sinus conditions before dental implantation via preoperative sinonasal assessment. STUDY DESIGN: Prospective cohort study. METHODS: Eighty-four patients who underwent dental implantation with or without sinus augmentation were included. Maxillary sinus conditions were classified into groups 1 to 6 according to cone-beam computed tomography (CT) findings: 1) nonspecific findings, 2) solitary polyp or cyst, 3) mucosal thickening, 4) air-fluid level or fluid accumulation, 5) near-total opacification of the maxillary or other paranasal sinus, and 6) calcification spots in the maxillary sinus...
September 16, 2017: Laryngoscope
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28911045/azole-resistant-aspergillosis-epidemiology-molecular-mechanisms-and-treatment
#10
REVIEW
Anuradha Chowdhary, Cheshta Sharma, Jacques F Meis
Aspergillus fumigatus remains the most common species in all pulmonary syndromes, followed by Aspergillus flavus which is a common cause of allergic rhinosinusitis, postoperative aspergillosis and fungal keratitis. The manifestations of Aspergillus infections include invasive aspergillosis, chronic pulmonary aspergillosis and bronchitis. Allergic manifestations of inhaled Aspergillus include allergic bronchopulmonary aspergillosis and severe asthma with fungal sensitization. Triazoles are the mainstay of therapy against Aspergillus infections for treatment and prophylaxis...
August 15, 2017: Journal of Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28892889/fungal-rhinosinusitis-microbiological-and-histopathological-perspective
#11
Ajay Kumar Singh, Prashant Gupta, Nitya Verma, Vineeta Khare, Abrar Ahamad, Virendra Verma, S P Agarwal
INTRODUCTION: On the basis of histopathology Fungal Rhinosinusitis (FRS) is categorized into non-invasive (allergic fungal rhinosinusitis, fungal ball) and invasive (acute invasive, chronic invasive and granulomatous invasive fungal sinusitis). This differentiation helps to decide the treatment. Role of latest molecular methods such as PCR and conventional methods such as KOH microscopy and culture also needs to be evaluated. Therefore, in this study we planned to categorise fungal rhinosinusitis on the basis of histopathology and compare it with other methods such as PCR, culture and KOH microscopy...
July 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28859714/utility-of-intraoperative-frozen-sections-in-surgical-decision-making-for-acute-invasive-fungal-rhinosinusitis
#12
Ronald G Amedee
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 1, 2017: American Journal of Rhinology & Allergy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28843029/a-retrospective-analysis-of-538-sinonasal-fungus-ball-cases-treated-at-a-single-tertiary-medical-center-in-korea-1996-2015
#13
Young Hoon Yoon, Jun Xu, Soo Kyoung Park, Jae Hyung Heo, Yong Min Kim, Ki-Sang Rha
BACKGROUND: Sinonasal fungus ball (FB) is a type of noninvasive fungal rhinosinusitis affecting immunocompetent hosts. FB, previously considered rare, has been reported with increasing frequency. We reviewed our experience of 538 cases over the past 20 years. METHODS: We retrospectively examined clinical records including clinical presentations, radiological findings, management, and outcomes of FB patients who have undergone surgery for treatment. The number of FB patients who underwent endoscopic sinus surgery (ESS) was calculated annually...
August 26, 2017: International Forum of Allergy & Rhinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28841131/a-seven-year-retrospective-analysis-of-the-clinicopathological-and-mycological-manifestations-of-fungal-rhinosinusitis-in-a-single-centre-tropical-climate-hospital
#14
L C Goh, E D Shakri, H Y Ong, S Mustakim, M M Shaariyah, W S J Ng, A B Zulkiflee
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the clinicopathological and mycological manifestations of fungal rhinosinusitis occurring in the Tengku Ampuan Rahimah Hospital, in Klang, Malaysia, which has a tropical climate. METHODS: Records of patients treated from 2009 to 2016 were analysed retrospectively. Data from the records were indexed based on age, gender, clinical presentations, symptom duration, clinical signs and mycological growth. RESULTS: Of 80 samples, 27 (33...
September 2017: Journal of Laryngology and Otology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28827018/direct-identification-of-molds-by-sequence-analysis-in-fungal-chronic-rhinosinusitis
#15
M Sasso, A Barrot, M-J Carles, K Griffiths, P Rispail, L Crampette, B Lallemant, L Lachaud
Fungi are widely implicated in chronic rhinosinusitis. Direct microscopic examination (DME) is used to confirm the biological diagnosis of fungal rhinosinusitis (FRS). Diagnostic sensitivity of DME is better than culture, however DME does not allow fungal species identification. In this study, we included 54 sinus samples demonstrating hyphae on DME. Direct sequencing was compared to culture for the identification of the fungal species. Sequence analysis identified fungi in 81.5% of cases while culture was positive in only 31...
August 18, 2017: Journal de Mycologie Médicale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28774699/pulmonary-and-sinus-fungal-diseases-in-non-immunocompromised-patients
#16
REVIEW
David W Denning, Arunaloke Chakrabarti
The human respiratory tract is exposed daily to airborne fungi, fungal enzymes, and secondary metabolites. The endemic fungi Histoplasma capsulatum, Coccidioides spp, Blastomyces dermatitidis, and Paracoccidioides brasiliensis, and occasionally Aspergillus fumigatus, are primary pulmonary pathogens of otherwise healthy people. Such infections resolve in most people, and only a few infections lead to disease. However, many fungi are directly allergenic by colonising the respiratory tract or indirectly through contact with cell wall constituents and proteases, causing or exacerbating allergic disease...
November 2017: Lancet Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28747616/assessment-of-non-invasive-chronic-fungal-rhinosinusitis-by-cone-beam-ct-comparison-with-multidetector-ct-findings
#17
Tomohiko Yamauchi, Akiko Tani, Shuji Yokoyama, Hiroshi Ogawa
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the accuracy of cone beam CT (CBCT) to diagnose non-invasive chronic fungal rhinosinusitis. METHODS: Preoperative CT evaluation of non-invasive chronic fungal rhinosinusitis was performed by CBCT (3D Accuitomo 170(®)) and traditional multidetector CT (MDCT) (Aquilion 32(®)) in 13 and 38 patients with non-invasive chronic fungal maxillary sinusitis, respectively, in different facilities. Detection of intrasinus calcification was compared between these two groups...
August 9, 2017: Fukushima Journal of Medical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28707783/aggressive-necrotizing-pseudomonal-sinonasal-infections
#18
Edward C Kuan, Bobby A Tajudeen, Kevin C Welch, Rakesh K Chandra, Ben J Glasgow, Jeffrey D Suh
BACKGROUND: Pseudomonas aeruginosa is a gram-negative bacterium frequently implicated in recalcitrant sinonasal infections, especially in immunocompromised hosts. We report 6 cases of rapidly progressive pseudomonal acute rhinosinusitis producing tissue necrosis and, in certain cases, cranial nerve palsies. METHODS: Retrospective review of 6 patients with aggressive necrotizing sinonasal infections treated at 4 tertiary academic medical centers with sinonasal cultures growing P...
September 2017: International Forum of Allergy & Rhinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28689491/deceptive-nasal-nk-t-cell-lymphoma
#19
Jagdeep S Thakur, Aditi Mahajan, Manika Saluja, Narinder K Mohindroo
Nasal NK/T cell lymphoma is rare and it easily masquerades as chronic rhinosinusitis. It has a very poor prognosis and hence early diagnosis, although difficult, is necessary for better outcome. We present a case of a 30-year-old man who presented with nasal obstruction, facial oedema and crusts. High-resolution computed tomography found soft tissue in all sinuses and the nasal cavity. Endoscopic biopsy revealed necrotic and inflammatory tissue with fungi on culture. A diagnosis of fungal rhinosinusitis was made but the patient did not respond to antifungal drugs...
July 2017: Tropical Doctor
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28688551/pediatric-invasive-fungal-rhinosinusitis-an-investigation-of-17-patients
#20
Daniel Vinh, Michael Yim, Ankhi Dutta, John K Jones, Wei Zhang, Matthew Sitton
PURPOSE: To investigate outcomes of pediatric patients at a single institution with invasive fungal rhinosinusitis (IFRS) and to determine variables that impact overall survival. METHODS: All pediatric patients at a large tertiary children's hospital diagnosed with IFRS confirmed by surgical pathology from 2009 to 2015 were retrospectively reviewed. Demographics, underlying diseases, symptoms, antifungal therapy, absolute neutrophil count (ANC), surgical management,and outcomes were analyzed...
August 2017: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
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