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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28630395/cerebral-infarction-by-paradoxical-gas-embolism-during-laparoscopic-liver-resection-with-injury-of-the-hepatic-vessels-in-a-patient-without-a-right-to-left-systemic-shunt
#1
Toshiyasu Kawahara, Masahiro Hagiwara, Hiroyuki Takahashi, Mariko Tanaka, Koji Imai, Jun Sawada, Takayuki Kunisawa, Hiroyuki Furukawa
BACKGROUND Carbon dioxide (CO2) is believed to be the safest gas for laparoscopic surgery, which is a standard procedure. We experienced severe cerebral infarction caused by paradoxical CO2 embolism during laparoscopic liver resection with injury of the hepatic vessels despite the absence of a right-to-left systemic shunt. CASE REPORT A 60-year-old man was diagnosed with hepatocellular carcinoma in the right hepatic lobe secondary to alcoholic liver disease. We planned the laparoscopy-assisted liver resection...
June 20, 2017: American Journal of Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28621277/botulinum-toxin-for-the-treatment-of-gummv-smile
#2
Afnan F Al-Fouzan, Lamia S Mokeem, Reem T Al-Saqat, Maisa A Alfalah, Mana A Alharbi, Abdullah E Al-Samary
AIM: The aim was to evaluate the effect of botulinum toxin (Botox) injections as a conservative treatment for gummy smile. MATERIALS AND METHODS: An experimental in vivo study was conducted at a dermatology clinic in Riyadh in January 2016. The study included 23 female patients who ranged from 20 to 50 years and were treated with Botox injections due to excessive maxillary gingival display. The patients with short clinical crowns or long maxilla, those who were pregnant or breastfeeding, and patients with neuromuscular disorders were excluded...
June 1, 2017: Journal of Contemporary Dental Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28607856/erratum-anatomical-regional-targeted-art-botox-injection-technique-a-novel-paradigm-for-migraines-and-chronic-headaches-erratum
#3
(no author information available yet)
[This corrects the article DOI: 10.1097/GOX.0000000000001194.].
May 2017: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery. Global Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28600622/functional-popliteal-artery-entrapment-syndrome-use-of-ultrasound-guided-botox-injection-as-a-non-surgical-treatment-option
#4
Matthew Hislop, Adam Brideaux, Sanjay Dhupelia
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether ultrasound-guided injection of botulinum toxin type A (BTX-A) is a viable alternative to surgical intervention for the treatment of functional popliteal artery entrapment syndrome (PAES). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Twenty-seven patients met diagnostic criteria confirming the presence of functional PAES and agreed to go ahead with ultrasound-guided BTX-A injection at the level of artery occlusion. Patients were assessed and treated at baseline and given the option for 'top-up' injections at 6 and 12 months...
June 9, 2017: Skeletal Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28588664/impact-of-botox-a-snap-25-protein-expression-and-the-mechanism-of-inhibitory-neurotransmitter-imbalance-in-chronic-sciatic-nerve-pain-rat-model
#5
Xu-Dong Ding, Wei Wang, Zhi-Gang Ding, Yan-Ping Liu, Jing Zhong, Hua-Xian Chen
The Botox-A impact on the expression of SNAP-25 protein in rat chronic sciatic nerve pain model was assessed and the mechanism of inhibitory neurotransmitter imbalance was studied. A chronic constriction injury (CCI) model consisted of 30 healthy male rats. The rats were randomly divided into the sham-operated group, CCI group and BoNT/A intervention group, and during 1, 7 and 14 days we conducted mechanical withdrawal threshold (MWT) test and thermal withdrawal latency (TWL) test before and after operation...
June 2017: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28582880/the-effect-of-botulinum-toxin-a-botox-injections-used-to-treat-limb-spasticity-on-speech-patterns-in-children-with-dysarthria-and-cerebral-palsy-a-report-of-two-cases
#6
Marilyn Seif Workinger, Raymond D Kent, Jill R Meilahn
Botulinum toxin A (Btx-A) injections are used to treat limb spasticity in children with cerebral palsy (CP) resulting in improved gross and fine motor control. This treatment has also been reported to have additional functional effects, but the effect of treatment on speech has not been reported. This report presents results of longitudinal speech evaluation of two children with CP given injections of Btx-A for treatment of limb spasticity. Speech evaluations were accomplished at baseline (date of injections) and 4- and 10-weeks post-injections...
May 19, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28567693/per-oral-endoscopic-pyloromyotomy-for-refractory-gastroparesis-initial-results-from-a-single-institution
#7
John H Rodriguez, Ivy N Haskins, Andrew T Strong, Ryan L Plescia, Matthew T Allemang, Robert S Butler, Michael S Cline, Kevin El-Hayek, Jeffrey L Ponsky, Matthew D Kroh
INTRODUCTION: Gastroparesis is a debilitating disease characterized by delayed gastric emptying in the absence of mechanical obstruction. A new intramural technique, per oral endoscopic pyloromyotomy (POP), has been proposed as an alternative to surgical pyloroplasty for the management of medical refractory gastroparesis. Herein, we detail the short-term results of POP at our institution. METHODS: POP was first performed at our institution in January 2016. All patients undergoing POP for management of gastroparesis from January 2016 through January 2017 were prospectively followed...
May 31, 2017: Surgical Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28556093/recovery-of-rat-muscle-size-but-not-function-more-than-1-year-after-a-single-botulinum-toxin-injection
#8
Samuel R Ward, Viviane B Minamoto, Kentaro P Suzuki, Jonah B Hulst, Shannon N Bremner, Richard L Lieber
INTRODUCTION: Neurotoxin injection is used to treat a wide variety of neuromuscular disorders. The purpose of this study was to measure the functional and structural properties of botulinum toxin-injected adult rat skeletal muscle over nearly the entire lifespan. METHODS: Ten groups of animals were subjected to either neurotoxin injection [Botox, Type A (BT-A); Allergan, Irvine, California] or saline solution injection. Neurotoxin-injected animals (n = 90) were analyzed at different time-points: 1 week; 1 month; 3 months; 6 months; 12 months; or 18 months...
May 26, 2017: Muscle & Nerve
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28555271/delayed-onset-post-craniotomy-headache-responsive-to-botulinum-toxin-a-a-case-series
#9
Danièle Ranoux, Gaëlle Martiné, Gaëlle Espagne, Henri Salle, François Caire
We report here the case of four patients presenting with delayed-onset temporal pain after pterional craniotomy. They reported similar symptoms: attacks of pain over the temporal region, ipsilateral to the operative site, irradiating around the eye and lasting from 10 min to 1 h. All patients had hypertrophy of at least one part of the temporalis muscle. All responded dramatically to botulinum toxin A injection (25 to 50 Botox® units) into the temporalis muscle. We suggest that the headaches were caused by aberrant nerve regeneration following surgical injury to the frontal branch of the facial nerve...
May 30, 2017: Acta Neurochirurgica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28540232/genital-pain-algorithm-for-management
#10
REVIEW
Nahomy Calixte, Jamin Brahmbhatt, Sijo Parekattil
Chronic testicular pain although becoming very common in our patient population poses a challenge to the physician, the patient and his family. The pathogenesis of chronic orchialgia (CO) is not well understood. The objective of this paper is to review the current literature on chronic testicular pain and its management and to propose an algorithm for its treatment. Abstracts, original papers and review articles were reviewed during a literature search using words such as testicular pain, CO, and microsurgical anatomy of spermatic cord...
April 2017: Translational Andrology and Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28537870/public-perception-of-dermatologic-surgery-in-saudi-arabia-an-online-survey
#11
Abdullah H AlHargan, Nujud R Al-Hejin, Mohammed A AlSufyani
BACKGROUND: Dermatologic surgery is a well established subspecialty in dermatology, but observations suggest that the public may not be aware of this field. OBJECTIVE: To explore the public perception of the nature and scope of dermatologic surgery Methods: A cross-sectional online-based survey consisting of two parts was used. The first part recorded demographic data. The second part presented a series of clinical scenarios in common surgical and cosmetic procedures performed by dermatologic surgeons to determine respondents' choice among three specialties: general surgery, plastic surgery, and dermatologic surgery...
May 15, 2017: Dermatology Online Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28528478/the-diagnosis-and-management-of-a-vertebral-artery-loop-causing-cervical-radiculopathy
#12
L Wood, M Czyz, S Forster, Bronek M Boszczyk
BACKGROUND: Cervical radiculopathies are rarely caused by vertebral artery loop formation, which is estimated to be present in less than 3% of patients. It is uncertain what causes the loop formation: some propose an association with spondylotic changes or trauma, whilst others suggest hypertension and atherosclerosis may be responsible. CASE REPORT 1: A 35-year-old male patient presented with signs and symptoms of cervical radiculopathy that was not improved with anterior cervical discectomy and fusion surgery performed 2 years beforehand...
May 20, 2017: European Spine Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28492935/employer-reactions-to-adductor-spasmodic-dysphonia-exploring-the-influence-of-symptom-severity-and-disclosure-of-diagnosis-during-a-simulated-telephone-interview
#13
Derek D Isetti, Carolyn R Baylor, Michael I Burns, Tanya L Eadie
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to determine the influence of symptom severity and disclosure of adductor spasmodic dysphonia (ADSD) on the perceptions of human resource personnel members (HRPs) during a simulated phone interview. Method: One female speaker with ADSD was recorded reading an interview script at two time points: (a) pre-BOTOX injection (severe), and (b) post-BOTOX injection (mild). Thirty-two HRPs evaluated the recording in one of the two conditions via a qualitative structured interview...
May 17, 2017: American Journal of Speech-language Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28483684/detection-of-botulinum-toxin-muscle-effect-in-humans-using-magnetic-resonance-imaging-a-qualitative-case-series
#14
Michael W O'Dell, Mark Villanueva, Carly Creelman, Gaurav Telhan, Jaclyn Nestor, Keith D Hentel, Douglas Ballon, Jonathan P Dyke
BACKGROUND: Although important for dosing and dilution, there are few data describing botulinum toxin (BT) movement in human muscle. OBJECTIVE: To better understand BT movement within human muscle. DESIGN: Proof-of-concept study with descriptive case series. SETTING: Outpatient academic practice. PARTICIPANTS: Five subjects with stroke who were BT naive with a mean age of 60.4 ± 14 years and time poststroke of 4...
May 5, 2017: PM & R: the Journal of Injury, Function, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28481694/pyloroplasty-offers-relief-of-postfundoplication-gastroparesis-in-patients-who-improved-after-botulinum-toxin-injection
#15
Daniel Gilsdorf, Eric Volckmann, Abbie Brickley, Linda Jo Taylor, Robert E Glasgow, John Fang
BACKGROUND: Endoscopic intrapyloric Botox (onabotulinumtoxin A; Allergan Pharmaceuticals) injections can improve postfundoplication gastroparesis, but responses are not durable. Surgical pyloroplasty may relieve gastroparetic symptoms, but patient selection criteria are poorly defined. We hypothesize that pyloroplasty provides durable improvement in patients whose symptoms improved after Botox injection. STUDY DESIGN: A retrospective chart review was performed of patients with postfundoplication gastroparesis who improved after Botox injection and then underwent pyloroplasty...
May 8, 2017: Journal of Laparoendoscopic & Advanced Surgical Techniques. Part A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28458982/targeted-peripheral-nerve-directed-onabotulinumtoxin-a-injection-for-effective-long-term-therapy-for-migraine-headache
#16
Jeffrey E Janis, Jenny C Barker, Marilly Palettas
BACKGROUND: Onabotulinumtoxin A (BOTOX) is an FDA-approved treatment for chronic migraine headaches (MHs) that involves on-label, high-dose administration across 31 anatomic sites. Anatomically specific peripheral nerve trigger sites have been identified that contribute to MH pathogenesis and are amenable to both BOTOX injection and surgical decompression. These sites do not always correlate with the on-label FDA-approved injection pattern, but represent a more targeted approach. The efficacy of peripheral nerve-directed BOTOX injection as an independent long-term therapeutic option has not been investigated...
March 2017: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery. Global Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28431196/switch-to-abobotulinum-toxin-a-may-be-useful-in-the-treatment-of-neurogenic-detrusor-overactivity-when-intradetrusor-injections-of-onabotulinum-toxin-a-failed
#17
Florie Bottet, Benoit Peyronnet, Romain Boissier, Bénédicte Reiss, Jean G Previnaire, Andrea Manunta, Jacques Kerdraon, Alain Ruffion, Loïc Lenormand, Brigitte Perrouin Verbe, Sarah Gaillet, Xavier Gamé, Gilles Karsenty
AIMS: To assess the outcomes of switching to a different brand of botulinum toxin A (BTA, from Botox® to Dysport®) in case of failure of intradetrusor injections (IDI) of Botox® in the treatment of neurogenic detrusor overactivity (NDO). METHODS: The charts of all patients who underwent a switch to IDI of Dysport® after failure of an IDI of Botox® at six departments of neurourology were retrospectively reviewed. The main outcomes of interest were the bladder diary data and four urodynamic parameters: maximum cystometric capacity (MCC), maximum detrusor pressure (PDET max), and volume at first uninhibited detrusor contraction (UDC)...
April 21, 2017: Neurourology and Urodynamics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28388717/key-parameters-for-the-use-of-abobotulinumtoxina-in-aesthetics-onset-and-duration
#18
REVIEW
Mark Nestor, Glynis Ablon, Andy Pickett
Time to onset of response and duration of response are key measures of botulinum toxin efficacy that have a considerable influence on patient satisfaction with aesthetic treatment. However, there is no overall accepted definition of efficacy for aesthetic uses of botulinumtoxinA (BoNT-A). Mechanical methods of assessment do not lend themselves to clinical practice and clinicians rely instead on assessment scales such as the Frontalis Activity Measurement Standard, Frontalis Rating Scale, Wrinkle Severity Scale, and Subject Global Assessment Scale, but not all of these have been fully validated...
May 1, 2017: Aesthetic Surgery Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28387284/multidisciplinary-management-botox-and-parkinson-s
#19
S Olaore, M Laudat
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 7, 2017: British Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28385185/antibody-responses-to-botulinum-neurotoxin-type-a-of-toxin-treated-spastic-equinus-children-with-cerebral-palsy-a-randomized-clinical-trial-comparing-two-injection-schedules
#20
Minako Oshima, Philip Deitiker, Tandy Hastings-Ison, K Roger Aoki, H Kerr Graham, M Zouhair Atassi
We have conducted a 26-month-long comparative study involving young patients (2-6years old) with a clinical diagnosis of spastic equinus secondary to cerebral palsy who have been treated with BoNT/A (BOTOX®, Allergan) tri-annually or annually. Serum samples were obtained to determine the presence or absence of blocking antibodies (Abs) by a mouse protection assay (MPA) and levels of anti-BoNT/A Abs by radioimmune assay (RIA). HLA DQ alleles were typed using blood samples to determine the possible association of certain HLA type(s) with the disease or with the Ab status...
May 15, 2017: Journal of Neuroimmunology
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