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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28226378/mandibular-rim-trilogy-with-botulinum-toxin-injection-reduction-projection-and-lift
#1
Renpeng Zhou, Benyun Pan, Chen Wang, Danru Wang
"Onabotulinum toxin A (Botox) revolution" has brought the fundamental change in the facial rejuvenation as well as the concept of microinjection. The aesthetic standard tends to be the "globalization"; however, Asians have different aesthetic cultures and unique facial features compared with Caucasians. A new rejuvenation concept is proposed during our practice; the Asian face should preserve the original facial identity during Botox treatments. The lower face is treated with botulinum toxin to achieve a harmonious facial profile...
February 2017: Facial Plastic Surgery: FPS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28223858/the-therapeutic-usage-of-botulinum-toxin-botox-in-non-cosmetic-head-and-neck-conditions-an-evidence-based-review
#2
REVIEW
Kamran Habib Awan
Botulinum toxin (Botox) is an exotoxin produced from Clostridium botulinum. It blocks the release of acetylcholine from the cholinergic nerve end plates resulting in inactivity of the muscles or glands innervated. The efficacy of Botox in facial aesthetics is well established; however, recent literature has highlighted its utilization in multiple non-cosmetic medical and surgical conditions. The present article reviews the current evidence pertaining to Botox use in the non-cosmetic head and neck conditions...
January 2017: Saudi Pharmaceutical Journal: SPJ: the Official Publication of the Saudi Pharmaceutical Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28182056/botox-as-an-adjunct-to-lip-repositioning-for-the-management-of-excessive-gingival-display-in-the-presence-of-hypermobility-of-upper-lip-and-vertical-maxillary-excess
#3
Lobna Abdel Aly, Nelly Ibrahim Hammouda
BACKGROUND: Excessive gingival display (GD) is a frequent finding that can occur because of various intraoral or extraoral etiologies. This work describes the use of a mucosal repositioned flap for the management of a gummy smile associated with vertical maxillary excess (VME) and hypermobility of the upper lip followed by injection of Botox. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Seven female patients in the age range of 17-25 years presented with a gummy smile. At full smile, the average GD ranged from 6 to 8 mm...
November 2016: Dental Research Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28166806/the-we-study-does-botulinum-toxin-a-make-walking-easier-in-children-with-cerebral-palsy-study-protocol-for-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#4
Siri Merete Brændvik, Karin Roeleveld, Guro Lillemoen Andersen, Anne Elisabeth Ross Raftemo, Kjersti Ramstad, Jasmina Majkic-Tajsic, Torarin Lamvik, Bendik Lund, Turid Follestad, Torstein Vik
BACKGROUND: Intramuscular injections of botulinum toxin A (BoNT-A) have been a cornerstone in the treatment of spasticity for the last 20 years. In Norway, the treatment is now offered to two out of three children with spastic cerebral palsy (CP). However, despite its common use, the evidence for its functional effects is limited and inconclusive. The objective of this study is to determine whether BoNT-A makes walking easier in children with CP. We hypothesize that injections with BoNT-A in the calf muscles will reduce energy cost during walking, improve walking capacity, increase habitual physical activity, reduce pain and improve self-perceived performance and satisfaction...
February 6, 2017: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28161074/botox-for-erectile-dysfunction
#5
Francois Giuliano, Gerald Brock
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2017: Journal of Sexual Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28159850/protocol-for-a-prospective-observational-study-of-cortical-lower-urinary-tract-control-changes-following-intradetrusor-injection-of-botulinum-toxin-a-in-patients-with-multiple-sclerosis
#6
Rodolfo A Elizondo, Christof Karmonik, Timothy B Boone, Rose Khavari
INTRODUCTION: Multiple sclerosis (MS) is a severe debilitating disease that affects patients' quality of life. Up to 90% of patients with MS will develop lower urinary tract dysfunction within the first 18 years of the disease. If oral pharmacotherapy with anticholinergics, behavioural modifications and pelvic floor physical therapy are unsuccessful, intradetrusor injection of botulinum toxin-A (OnaBotA; Botox Allergan, Dublin, Ireland) is a highly effective option for these patients...
February 3, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28118733/safety-and-efficacy-of-letibotulinumtoxina-botulax%C3%A2-in-treatment-of-post-stroke-upper-limb-spasticity-a-randomized-double-blind-multi-center-phase-iii-clinical-trial
#7
Kyung Hee Do, Min Ho Chun, Nam-Jong Paik, Yoon Ghil Park, Shi-Uk Lee, Min-Wook Kim, Don-Kyu Kim
OBJECTIVE: To investigate a new botulinum neurotoxin type A, termed letibotulinumtoxinA(Botulax(®)) and compare its efficacy and safety for post-stroke upper limb spasticity with that of onabotulinumtoxinA(Botox(®)). DESIGN: A prospective, double-blinded, multicenter, randomized controlled clinical study. SETTING: Six university hospitals in Korea. SUBJECTS: A total of 187 stroke participants with upper limb spasticity...
January 1, 2017: Clinical Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28095576/facial-contouring-with-fillers-neuromodulators-and-lipolysis-to-achieve-a-natural-look-in-patients-with-facial-fullness
#8
Chytra Anand
BACKGROUND: The desire for and use of nonsurgical injectable esthetic facial treatments is on a rise in Asia. Recent advances, including more versatile facial fillers, refined injection techniques, and adoption of a global facial approach, have in turn contributed to improved patient outcomes and increased patient satisfaction. The sought after nonsurgical treatments include the use of botulinum toxin, con- touring of the face with soft tissue fillers, and thinning of the face with injection lipolysis...
December 1, 2016: Journal of Drugs in Dermatology: JDD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28070606/-neurogenic-detrusor-overactivity-and-onabotulinumtoxin-a-botox-%C3%A2-is-perioperative-antbiotic-prophylaxis-unnecessary
#9
A Kaufmann
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2017: Der Urologe. Ausg. A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27997734/effect-of-botulinum-toxin-a-on-vasoconstriction-and-sympathetic-neurotransmitters-in-a-murine-random-pattern-skin-flap-model
#10
Tai Suk Roh, Bok Ki Jung, Insik Yun, Dae Hyun Lew, Young Seok Kim
Blood supply is the most important factor determining the survival of a skin flap. Botulinum toxin-A (Botox-A) is used as pharmacologic agent not only for aesthetic purposes, but also for its vasomotor actions. This study was conducted to establish whether local application of Botox-A increased survival of random pattern skin flaps in rats by changing the expression of neurotransmitters. Forty adult Sprague-Dawley rats with a caudally-based random pattern skin flap were divided into two groups: Botox-A group and saline group...
December 20, 2016: Wound Repair and Regeneration
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27908709/surgical-intervention-for-oromandibular-dystonia-related-limited-mouth-opening-long-term-follow-up
#11
Kazuya Yoshida
BACKGROUND: Oromandibular dystonia is a movement disorder that is characterized by involuntary masticatory and/or lingual muscle contracture. Jaw closing dystonia, the most common subtype of this condition, can cause trismus and is frequently misdiagnosed as temporomandibular joint disorder or masticatory muscle tendon-aponeurosis hyperplasia. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This report describes the long-term results of 18 patients with limited mouth opening (mean maximal mouth opening: 12...
January 2017: Journal of Cranio-maxillo-facial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27908491/clinical-outcomes-of-botox-injections-for-chronic-temporomandibular-disorders-do-we-understand-how-botox-works-on-muscle-pain-and-the-brain
#12
S T Connelly, J Myung, R Gupta, G M Tartaglia, A Gizdulich, J Yang, R Silva
The main objective of this retrospective review was to analyze the clinical outcomes following the use of botulinum toxin (onabotulinumtoxinA, Botox) injections to relieve the symptoms of chronic temporomandibular disorders (TMD). Seventy-one patients with a diagnosis of TMD (according to the RDC/TMD international consortium) associated with or without bruxism and refractory to conventional treatment (e.g. oral appliances, physiotherapy, etc.) received Botox injections into the temporalis and masseter muscles...
March 2017: International Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27907934/restriction-of-postoperative-joint-loading-in-a-murine-model-of-anterior-cruciate-ligament-reconstruction-botulinum-toxin-paralysis-and-external-fixation
#13
Amir Lebaschi, Xiang-Hua Deng, Nathan W Coleman, Christopher L Camp, Jianchun Zong, Andrew Carbone, Camila B Carballo, Guang-Ting Cong, Zoe M Album, Scott A Rodeo
Control of knee motion in small animal models is necessary to study the effect of mechanical load on the healing process. This can be especially challenging in mice, which are being increasingly used for various orthopedic reconstruction models. We explored the feasibility of botulinum toxin (Botox; Allergan, Dublin, Ireland) paralysis and a newly designed external fixator to restrict motion of the knee in mice undergoing anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction. Nineteen C57BL/6 mice were allocated to two groups: (1) Botox group (n = 9) and (2) external fixator group (n = 10)...
December 1, 2016: Journal of Knee Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27901639/results-of-laparoscopic-heller-s-myotomy-for-achalasia-in-children-a-systematic-review-of-the-literature
#14
Maurizio Pacilli, Mark Davenport
INTRODUCTION: Achalasia is a rare disorder in children who are commonly treated by laparoscopic Heller's myotomy (LHM). However, there are no large studies evaluating the results of LHM in the pediatric population, and the need of a concomitant fundoplication remains unclear. The aim of the study is to appraise the results of LHM based on a systematic literature review. MATERIALS AND METHODS: MEDLINE search of the English literature was performed for "achalasia," "children," "laparoscopy," "Heller," "myotomy," and "cardiomyotomy...
January 2017: Journal of Laparoendoscopic & Advanced Surgical Techniques. Part A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27891474/an-evaluation-of-use-of-botulinum-toxin-type-a-in-the-management-of-dynamic-forehead-wrinkles-a-clinical-study
#15
Avvaru Susmita, Naga Neelima Devi Kolli, Sridhar Meka, Srinivas Pandi Chakravarthi, Vivekanand Sabanna Kattimani, Krishna Prasad Lingamaneni, Latheef Saheb Shaik
INTRODUCTION: The pursuit of youth and beauty has undergone a resurgence of interest which is evidenced by increasing cosmetic procedures. Botulinum Toxin Type A (Botox) is one among the many procedures invented for facial rejuvenation which denervates certain muscles of facial expression responsible for facial wrinkles. It has been applied in the forehead, glabella, lateral canthal area and neck. In maxillofacial area hyperactive forehead wrinkles show sagging. AIM: This study was aimed to clinically evaluate the efficacy of Botox injection in the elimination of hyperdynamic forehead wrinkles and the objectives were to compare pre-operative and post-operative improvement in the number of wrinkles, photographic grading and patient satisfaction responses after 1(st) week, 4(th) week and 16(th) week...
October 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27889830/urinary-retention-in-female-oab-after-intravesical-botox-injection-who-is-really-at-risk
#16
Pawel Miotla, Rufus Cartwright, Katarzyna Skorupska, Michal Bogusiewicz, Ewa Markut-Miotla, Konrad Futyma, Tomasz Rechberger
INTRODUCTION AND HYPOTHESIS: Intravesical onabotulinumtoxinA (Botox) injections are effective for the treatment of idiopathic overactive bladder (OAB) symptoms. The aim of our study was to assess the predisposing factors for urinary retention in women with OAB after intravesical Botox injection. METHODS: All participants were women of European descent with idiopathic OAB. OnabotulinumtoxinA (100 U) was administered in 20 intra-detrusor injections. Analysis was performed based on the results of safety assessments made during follow-up (FU) visits on weeks 2, 4 and 12, in 208 women who were treated with Botox injections for refractory OAB and who completed all FU visits...
November 26, 2016: International Urogynecology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27884065/the-efficacy-of-two-formulations-of-botulinum-toxin-type-a-for-masseter-reduction-a-split-face-comparison-study
#17
Rungsima Wanitphakdeedecha, Chanida Ungaksornpairote, Arisa Kaewkes, Angkana Sathaworawong, Nittaya Lektrakul, Woraphong Manuskiatti
BACKGROUND: Botulinum toxin type A (BTA) is now extensively used to address cosmetic concerns. OnabotulinumtoxinA (ONA, Botox; Allergan Inc., Irvine, CA) received FDA approval for upper face rejuvenation, including glabella frown lines and crow's-feet lines. The other off-label uses for lower face conditions have been utilized for contouring purposes, especially masseter hypertrophy. Recently, a new Daewoong BTA, (NABOTA(®), NBT, Daewoong Pharmaceutical, Seoul, Korea), was recently introduced...
December 6, 2016: Journal of Dermatological Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27865590/sphincter-of-oddi-botulinum-toxin-injection-to-prevent-pancreatic-fistula-after-distal-pancreatectomy
#18
Thilo Hackert, Ulla Klaiber, Ulf Hinz, Tzveta Kehayova, Pascal Probst, Phillip Knebel, Markus K Diener, Lutz Schneider, Oliver Strobel, Christoph W Michalski, Alexis Ulrich, Peter Sauer, Markus W Büchler
BACKGROUND: Postoperative pancreatic fistula represents the most important complication after distal pancreatectomy. The aim of this study was to evaluate the use of a preoperative endoscopic injection of botulinum toxin into the sphincter of Oddi to prevent postoperative pancreatic fistula (German Clinical Trials Register number: DRKS00007885). METHODS: This was an investigator-initiated, prospective clinical phase I/II trial with an exploratory study design. We included patients who underwent preoperative endoscopic sphincter botulinum toxin injection (100 units of Botox)...
November 16, 2016: Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27836361/ultrasound-guided-intrasphincteric-botulinum-toxin-injection-relieves-obstructive-defecation-due-to-hirschsprung-s-disease-and-internal-anal-sphincter-achalasia
#19
COMPARATIVE STUDY
Joseph T Church, Samir K Gadepalli, Toghrul Talishinsky, Daniel H Teitelbaum, Marcus D Jarboe
PURPOSE: Chronic obstructive defecation can occur in patients with Hirschsprung Disease (HD) and internal anal sphincter (IAS) achalasia. Injection of Botulinum Toxin (BoTox) into the IAS can temporarily relieve obstructive defecation, but can be challenging when performed by tactile sense alone. We compared results of BoTox injections with and without ultrasound (US) guidance. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed BoTox injections into the IAS for obstructive defecation over 5years...
January 2017: Journal of Pediatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27802066/analgesic-effect-of-botulinum-toxin-a-in-myofascial-pain-syndrome-patients-previously-treated-with-local-infiltration-of-anesthetic-and-steroids
#20
Joaquín Cartagena-Sevilla, María R García-Fernández, Juan P Vicente-Villena
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the analgesic effect of botulinum toxin A (BoNTA) injections in patients with myofascial pain syndrome (MPS) who were previously treated with the local infiltration of anesthetic and steroids (LIAS). The study included a retrospective phase and a longitudinal open-label prospective phase, which were conducted on consecutive patients with MPS previously treated with the local infiltration of anesthetic (levobupivacaíne 0.25%) and steroids (triamcinolone 40 mg). Eligible patients were treated with a single intramuscular injection of BoNTA (Botox; Allergan, Inc...
December 2016: Journal of Pain & Palliative Care Pharmacotherapy
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