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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29329897/-botulinium-toxin-and-idiopathic-overactive-bladder-multicentric-contempory-management-in-bourgogne
#1
A Schneider, B Tourlonias, L Cormier, E Mourey, N Koutlidis, E Delorme, J Pasquale, I Kermarec, A-D Foahom-Kamwa, V Bonniaud
INTRODUCTION: Since 2014, OnabotulinumtoxinA Botox® (Allergan, Inc., Irvine, USA) represents a new therapeutic option for second-line treatment of idiopathic overactive bladder. The purpose of the current study was to evaluate practices of surgeons using onabotulinium toxin (BoNTA) in this indication. MATERIAL AND METHODS: All urogynecology centers of the country were asked in order to list all patients who were treated since marketing autorisation. Patient symptoms, previous treatments, paraclinic evaluations, data of surgery and the characteristics of the follow up were collected and analyzed...
January 9, 2018: Progrès en Urologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29327231/loading-of-the-condylar-cartilage-can-rescue-the-effects-of-botox-on-tmj
#2
Eliane H Dutra, Mara H O'Brien, Candice Logan, Aditya Tadinada, Ravindra Nanda, Sumit Yadav
The purpose of this study is to evaluate whether the effects of botulinum neurotoxin (botox) injection into the masseter in the mandibular condylar cartilage (MCC) and subchondral bone could be rescued by compressive loading of the temporomandibular joint (TMJ). Twenty-four 6-week-old female mice (C57BL/6J) were used. Mice were divided in three groups: (1) Botox (n = 8); (2) Botox plus loading (n = 8); (3) Pure control (n = 8). Bone labels (3 and 1 day before sacrifice) and the proliferation marker EdU (2 and 1 day before sacrifice) were intraperitoneally injected into all groups of mice...
January 11, 2018: Calcified Tissue International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29325384/-diagnosis-and-treatment-of-strabismus-caused-by-nasal-endoscopic-surgery
#3
L K Ai, X Wu, J N Wang, J Li, Y Wu, J Zhou, W X Song, R L Guo
Objective: Strabismus with diplopia is the main orbital complication of functional endoscopic sinus surgery (FESS). This study was to analyze clinical findings, treatment and outcomes of such cases. Methods: Retrospective case series. Twenty-three cases were divided into 3 groups based on the disease severity: group A, partial transection of the medial rectus muscle, group B, complete transection of the medical rectus, group C, transection of the medial rectus combined with the other orbital injuries. Complete ophthalmology examinations, including eye alignment, eye motility, force duction test, force generation test, general eye exam, and medical imaging (orbital CT or MRI), were performed for each case...
December 11, 2017: [Zhonghua Yan Ke za Zhi] Chinese Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29275144/case-presentation-botox-versus-nerve-stimulation
#4
R J A van Moorselaar, Jakko A Nieuwenhuijzen
A woman experiencing very strong urgency and associated frequency of micturition, but no incontinence, and deep dyspareunia was eventually diagnosed with idiopathic detrusor overactivity with symptoms of overactive bladder symptom complex and potentially bladder pain syndrome. A trial of neuromodulation was unsuccessful, but injections of onabotulinum toxin A have had a good effect.
December 20, 2017: European Urology Focus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29248835/a-successful-management-of-sever-gummy-smile-using-gingivectomy-and-botulinum-toxin-injection-a-case-report
#5
Diana Mostafa
INTRODUCTION: A gummy smile (GS) affects the esthetic and the psychological status as it usually decreases the self-confidence leading to hidden or controlling the smile. A smile with more than 2 mm exposed gingiva is called gummy smile. It may be due to one or more of the following etiologies; altered passive eruption of teeth, dentoalveolar extrusion, vertical maxillary excess, and short or hyperactive lip muscles. The treatment of gummy smile should be planned according to its cause/causes...
December 1, 2017: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29235317/bruxism-botox-and-dental-implants
#6
Louis Malcmacher, Timothy Kosinski
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2017: Dentistry Today
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29230798/botulinum-toxin-type-a-therapy-for-cervical-dystonia
#7
REVIEW
Mafalda Castelão, Raquel E Marques, Gonçalo S Duarte, Filipe B Rodrigues, Joaquim Ferreira, Cristina Sampaio, Austen P Moore, João Costa
BACKGROUND: This is an update of a Cochrane Review first published in 2005. Cervical dystonia is the most common form of focal dystonia and is a highly disabling movement disorder characterised by involuntary, usually painful, head posturing. Currently, botulinum toxin type A (BtA) is considered the first line therapy for this condition. OBJECTIVES: To compare the efficacy, safety, and tolerability of botulinum toxin type A (BtA) versus placebo in people with cervical dystonia...
December 12, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29144018/navigated-retrograde-endoscopic-myotomy-rem-for-the-treatment-of-therapy-resistant-achalasia
#8
K D Pham, R F Havre, T Langø, E F Hofstad, G A Tangen, R Mårvik, T Pham, O H Gilja, J G Hatlebakk, A Viste
BACKGROUND: In achalasia, muscle spasm may involve the proximal esophagus. When the muscle spasm is located in the proximal esophagus, conventional per oral endoscopic myotomy (POEM) may not be sufficient to relieve symptoms. In this paper, we describe retrograde endoscopic myotomy (REM) as a novel approach to perform myotomy of the proximal esophagus, with the application of a navigation tool for anatomical guidance during REM. We aim to evaluate the feasibility and safety of REM and usefulness of the navigation during REM...
November 16, 2017: Neurogastroenterology and Motility: the Official Journal of the European Gastrointestinal Motility Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29131367/influence-of-the-neural-microenvironment-on-prostate-cancer
#9
Christian Coarfa, Diego Florentin, NagiReddy Putluri, Yi Ding, Jason Au, Dandan He, Ahmed Ragheb, Anna Frolov, George Michailidis, MinJae Lee, Dov Kadmon, Brian Miles, Christopher Smith, Michael Ittmann, David Rowley, Arun Sreekumar, Chad J Creighton, Gustavo Ayala
BACKGROUND: Nerves are key factors in prostate cancer (PCa), but the functional role of innervation in prostate cancer is poorly understood. PCa induced neurogenesis and perineural invasion (PNI), are associated with aggressive disease. METHOD: We denervated rodent prostates chemically and physically, before orthotopically implanting cancer cells. We also performed a human neoadjuvant clinical trial using botulinum toxin type A (Botox) and saline in the same patient, before prostatectomy...
November 13, 2017: Prostate
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29096852/therapeutic-plasma-exchange-in-a-rare-case-myasthenic-crisis-after-botox-injection
#10
Azita Chegini
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Botulinum toxin (Botox) injections are used as a cosmetic treatment to decrease wrinkles in face and chin. Being a neurotoxic agent it minimizes muscle activity, while side effects are usually rare. This article subsequently presents one case of these rare effects. CASE: A 30-year-old woman presenting with ptosis, diplopia, dysarthria, dysphagia and muscle weakness was admitted to our hospital. She had no history of disease. For cosmetic reasons, she had three Botox injections during the preceding months...
November 2017: Atherosclerosis. Supplements
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29089975/autonomic-dysreflexia-a-cardiovascular-disorder-following-spinal-cord-injury
#11
REVIEW
Hisham Sharif, Shaoping Hou
Autonomic dysreflexia (AD) is a serious cardiovascular disorder in patients with spinal cord injury (SCI). The primary underlying cause of AD is loss of supraspinal control over sympathetic preganglionic neurons (SPNs) caudal to the injury, which renders the SPNs hyper-responsive to stimulation. Central maladaptive plasticity, including C-fiber sprouting and propriospinal fiber proliferation exaggerates noxious afferent transmission to the SPNs, causing them to release massive sympathetic discharges that result in severe hypertensive episodes...
September 2017: Neural Regeneration Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29082121/bilateral-posterior-crystalline-lens-dislocations-in-an-otherwise-healthy-child
#12
Omar A AlShehri, Hashem Almarzouki, Badr A Alharbi, Mohammed Alqahtani, Khaled Allam
Introduction: Ectopia lentis is defined as a crystalline lens displacement, either partially or completely, due to zonular abnormalities. It can be a result of trauma, hereditary ocular disease, or part of systemic diseases, like Marfan syndrome and homocystinuria. Case description: We report a case of a medically free 16-year-old girl, who was referred to our hospital complaining of poor vision and a squint in both eyes since childhood. Her history included a traffic accident when she was one-year-old. She was previously diagnosed with alternating esotropia, which was treated with glasses, alternating patching, and bilateral Botox injections...
2017: GMS Ophthalmology Cases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29072209/efficacy-of-botulinum-toxin-in-treating-myofascial-pain-and-occlusal-force-characteristics-of-masticatory-muscles-in-bruxism
#13
Varsha A Jadhao, Nitin Lokhande, Shweta G Habbu, Sagar Sewane, Shailesh Dongare, Neha Goyal
AIM AND OBJECTIVE: The present study was conducted in patients with bruxism to evaluate the effect of botulinum toxin type A (BTX-A) (Botox, Allergan, Inc., Irvine, CA, USA) in the treatment of myofascial pain and the occlusal force characteristics of masticatory muscles. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Twenty-four diagnosed with bruxism were randomly divided into three groups (n = 8) and treated by bilateral intramuscular injection of BTX-A and placebo-treated with saline placebo injections and control group where no injections were given...
September 2017: Indian Journal of Dental Research: Official Publication of Indian Society for Dental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29072045/intradetrusor-injection-of-botulinum-toxin-a-and-sacral-neuromodulation-for-neurogenic-detrusor-overactivity
#14
Charles Joussain, Veronique Phé, Alexia Even, Emmanuel Chartier Kastler, Pierre Denys
Intradetrusor injection of botulinum toxin A and sacral neuromodulation are the two recommended third line treatments for patients with neurogenic detrusor overactivity, before undergoing with surgery. However, only Botox® injection is supported by a high level of evidence allowing its recommendation by all institutional guidelines. Despite few positive results, sacral neuromodulation should be proposed in carefully selected patients. Indeed, other studies remain mandatory to increase its level of evidence necessary for allowing its use in neurogenic detrusor overactivity (NDO)...
October 25, 2017: European Journal of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29053134/-conversion-ratio-between-different-botulinum-neuroprotein-product-in-neurological-practice
#15
O R Orlova, S L Timerbaeva, S E Khatkova, E V Kostenko, D A Krasavina, D V Zakharov
Despite nearly 30 years of experience in the application of botulinum toxin type A (BTA) in clinical practice, many fundamental questions of therapy remain valid. There are 5 botulinum toxin type A used for neurological indications in the Russian Federation in 2017. They contain different number of active neuroprotein (150 kDa) in a therapeutic dose of the drug that may have a potential impact on the efficacy and duration of action. The current SmPC of each BTA stated that the unit of activity is unique and can not be compared with any other BTA...
2017: Zhurnal Nevrologii i Psikhiatrii Imeni S.S. Korsakova
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29026107/achilles-tendon-compositional-and-structural-properties-are-altered-after-unloading-by-botox
#16
Hanifeh Khayyeri, Parmis Blomgran, Malin Hammerman, Mikael J Turunen, Annika Löwgren, Manuel Guizar-Sicairos, Per Aspenberg, Hanna Isaksson
Tendon function and homeostasis rely on external loading. This study investigates the biological mechanisms behind tendon biomechanical function and how the mechanical performance is affected by reduced daily loading. The Achilles tendons of 16 weeks old female Sprague Dawley rats (n = 40) were unloaded for 5 weeks by inducing muscle paralysis with botulinum toxin injections in the right gastrocnemius and soleus muscles. The contralateral side was used as control. After harvest, the tendons underwent biomechanical testing to assess viscoelasticity (n = 30 rats) and small angle X-ray scattering to determine the structural properties of the collagen fibrils (n = 10 rats)...
October 12, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29022290/comparison-of-safety-and-efficacy-of-botox-and-neuronox-in-the-management-of-benign-essential-blepharospasm-a-split-face-study
#17
Sayali Sane, Mohammad Javed Ali, Milind Naik
PURPOSE: To compare the efficacy and safety of Botox and Neuronox in the management of benign essential blepharospasm (BEB). METHODS: We performed a triple-masked, randomized control study to compare Botox and Neuronox in 48 eyes of 24 patients with BEB. All 24 patients randomly received Botox or Neuronox in the periorbital region in a masked, randomized split-face manner, keeping the injection sites and doses uniform. The toxin preparation, injection, and clinical evaluations were done by three independent observers...
June 26, 2017: Korean Journal of Ophthalmology: KJO
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29019108/molecular-modeling-elucidates-the-cellular-mechanism-of-synaptotagmin-snare-inhibition-a-novel-plausible-route-to-anti-wrinkle-activity-of-botox-like-cosmetic-active-molecules
#18
Pathomwat Wongrattanakamon, Piyarat Nimmanpipug, Busaban Sirithunyalug, Supat Jiranusornkul
Synaptotagmin 1 (Syt1) is the Ca(2+) sensor protein with an essential role in neurotransmitter release. Since the wrinkle formation is due to the excessive muscle fiber stimulation in the face, a helpful stratagem to diminish the wrinkle line intenseness is to weaken the innervating neuron activity through Syt1 inhibition which is one of the possible therapeutic strategies against wrinkles. Recently, experimental evidence showed that botox-like peptides, which are typically used as SNARE modulators, may inhibit Syt1...
October 10, 2017: Molecular and Cellular Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28988672/cevl-interactive-it-is-feasible-for-pediatric-urology-fellows-to-create-pediatric-urological-surgical-plans-a-case-study-of-botox-endoscopic-injection
#19
EDITORIAL
Gene O Huang, Max Maizels, Chester J Koh, Duong D Tu, Patrick Meade
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2017: Journal of Pediatric Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28935476/-botulinum-toxin-an-important-complement-for-facial-rejuvenation-surgery
#20
C Le Louarn
The improved understanding of the functional anatomy of the face and of the action of the botulinum toxin A leads us to determine a new injection procedure which consequently decreases the risk of eyebrow and eyelid ptosis and increases the toxin's injection possibilities and efficiencies. With less units of toxin, the technique herein described proposes to be more efficient on more muscles: variable toxin injections concentration adapted to each injected muscle are used. Thanks to a new procedure in the upper face, toxin A injection can be quite close to an endoscopic surgical action...
October 2017: Annales de Chirurgie Plastique et Esthétique
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