keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Falls in older adults

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28814114/cross-cultural-validation-of-the-falls-efficacy-scale-international-to-assess-concerns-about-falls-among-hungarian-community-living-older-people
#1
Éva Kovács, Franciska Rozs, Anna Petridisz, Réka Erdős, Eszter Majercsik
PURPOSE: The Falls Efficacy Scale-International (FES-I) is a reliable and valid tool for assessing concerns about falling. Our aims were to translate, culturally adapt, and evaluate the main psychometric characteristics (internal consistency, reproducibility, and convergent construct validity) of the Hungarian version of the FES-I on a sample of community-living older adults. METHODS: After translating and culturally adapting the original scale, 165 community-living older adults (aged 60 years or over) participated in the measurements and filled in the questionnaire...
August 17, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28813866/a-single-session-of-perturbation-based-gait-training-with-the-a-tpad-improves-dynamic-stability-in-healthy-young-subjects
#2
Dario Martelli, Jiyeon Kang, Sunil K Agrawal
Gait and balance disorders are among the most common causes of falls in older adults. Most falls occur as a result of unexpected hazards while walking. In order to improve the effectiveness of current fall-prevention programs, new balance training paradigms aim to strengthen the control of the compensatory responses required after external perturbations. The aim of this study was to analyze the adaptions of reactive and proactive strategies to control stability after repeated exposures to waist-pull perturbations delivered while walking...
July 2017: IEEE ... International Conference on Rehabilitation Robotics: [proceedings]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28810172/changes-in-interlimb-coordination-during-walking-and-grasping-task-in-older-adult-fallers-and-non-fallers
#3
Natalia Madalena Rinaldi, Richard van Emmerik, Renato Moraes
The aim of this study was to investigate interlimb coordination in young and older adults with and without a history of falls during the combined task of walking and prehension with different levels of manual task difficulty. Participants walked on a pathway and grasped a dowel. A vector coding technique evaluated coordination patterns. The coordination pattern was not affected by the difficulty level of the manual task. Older adults seemed to prioritize the movement of the right shoulder to grasp the dowel and then 'froze' the movement of the other joint (left shoulder) not directly involved in the grasping task...
August 12, 2017: Human Movement Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28807214/early-geriatric-consultation-increases-adherence-to-tqip-geriatric-trauma-management-guidelines
#4
Lauren T Southerland, Tanya R Gure, Daniel I Ruter, Michael M Li, David C Evans
BACKGROUND: The American College of Surgeons' Trauma Quality Improvement Program (TQIP) Geriatric Trauma Management Guidelines recommend geriatric consultation for injured older adults. However it is not known how or whether geriatric consultation improves compliance to these quality measures. METHODS: This study is a retrospective chart review of our institutional trauma databank. Adherence to quality measures was compared before and after implementation of specific triggers for geriatric consultation...
August 2017: Journal of Surgical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28806904/a-falls-prevention-programme-to-improve-quality-of-life-physical-function-and-falls-efficacy-in-older-people-receiving-home-help-services-study-protocol-for-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#5
Maria Bjerk, Therese Brovold, Dawn A Skelton, Astrid Bergland
BACKGROUND: Falls and fall-related injuries in older adults are associated with great burdens, both for the individuals, the health care system and the society. Previous research has shown evidence for the efficiency of exercise as falls prevention. An understudied group are older adults receiving home help services, and the effect of a falls prevention programme on health-related quality of life is unclear. The primary aim of this randomised controlled trial is to examine the effect of a falls prevention programme on quality of life, physical function and falls efficacy in older adults receiving home help services...
August 14, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28806197/frailty-is-strongly-associated-with-increased-risk-of-recurrent-falls-among-older-hiv-infected-adults-a-prospective-cohort-study
#6
Katherine Tassiopoulos, Mona Abdo, Kunling Wu, Susan L Koletar, Frank J Palella, Robert Kalayjian, Babafemi Taiwo, Kristine M Erlandson
OBJECTIVE: Both frailty and falls occur at earlier than expected ages among HIV-infected individuals, but the contribution of frailty to fall risk in this population is not well understood. We examined this association among participants enrolled in AIDS Clinical Trials Group (ACTG) A5322. DESIGN: A prospective, multi-center cohort study of HIV-infected men and women ≥40 years. METHODS: Frailty assessment included a 4-meter walk, grip strength, and self-reported weight loss, exhaustion, and low physical activity...
August 12, 2017: AIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28806048/electrolytes-calcium-disorders
#7
Craig Barstow
A normal serum calcium level is 8 to 10 mg/dL. The diagnosis of hypercalcemia (ie, levels 10.5 mg/dL or greater) should be confirmed with an albumin-adjusted or ionized calcium level. The two most common causes of hypercalcemia are hyperparathyroidism and malignancy. Drugs, notably lithium and thiazide diuretics, also can cause hypercalcemia. Patients with severe or symptomatic hypercalcemia should be treated initially with hydration to decrease calcium levels. The evaluation should include a parathyroid hormone (PTH) level...
August 2017: FP Essentials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28805100/older-adults-with-a-combination-of-vision-and-hearing-impairment-experience-higher-rates-of-cognitive-impairment-functional-dependence-and-worse-outcomes-across-a-set-of-quality-indicators
#8
Jacob G S Davidson, Dawn M Guthrie
OBJECTIVES: Hearing and vision impairment were examined across several health-related outcomes and across a set of quality indicators (QIs) in home care clients with both vision and hearing loss (or dual sensory impairment [DSI]). METHOD: Data collected using the Resident Assessment Instrument for Home Care (RAI-HC) were analyzed in a sample of older home care clients. The QIs represent the proportion of clients experiencing negative outcomes (e.g., falls, social isolation)...
August 1, 2017: Journal of Aging and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28804457/association-between-hypometabolism-in-the-supplementary-motor-area-and-fear-of-falling-in-older-adults
#9
Ryota Sakurai, Yoshinori Fujiwara, Masashi Yasunaga, Hiroyuki Suzuki, Kazuyuki Kanosue, Manuel Montero-Odasso, Kenji Ishii
Background: A better understanding of the neural mechanisms that underlie the development of fear of falling (FoF) in seniors may help to detect potential treatable factors and reduce future falls. We therefore investigate the neural correlates of FoF in older adults using (18)F-fluorodeoxyglucose-positron emission tomography (FDG-PET). Methods: This cohort study included 117 community-dwelling older adults. At baseline, participants were assessed for FoF, psychiatric symptoms, walking speed, global cognition and cerebral glucose metabolism with FDG-PET...
2017: Frontiers in Aging Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28804400/differential-age-related-changes-in-localizing-a-target-among-distractors-across-an-extended-visual-field
#10
Jing Feng, Fergus I M Craik, Brian Levine, Sylvain Moreno, Gary Naglie, HeeSun Choi
Age differences in the spatial distribution of attention over a wide field of view have only been described in terms of the spatial extent, leaving the topographical aspect unexplored. This study examined age differences between younger and older adults in good general health in an important topographical characteristic, the asymmetry between the upper and lower visual fields. In Experiment 1, we found age differences across the entire attentional visual field. In addition, age differences were greater in the upper compared to the lower field...
June 2017: European Journal of Ageing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28799443/community-dwelling-older-adults-adherence-to-environmental-fall-prevention-recommendations
#11
Suzänne F Taylor, Constance L Coogle, James J Cotter, E Ayn Welleford, Al Copolillo
This study examined the impact of personalized versus generalized education about environmental fall prevention recommendations on older adults' adherence with recommendations. Secondary aims focused on the impact of recent falls and perceived susceptibility of future falls on adherence with recommendations. Twenty-four community-dwelling older adults aged 65 to 89 years were randomized into two groups to receive either personalized or generalized education intervention on environmental fall prevention recommendations...
August 1, 2017: Journal of Applied Gerontology: the Official Journal of the Southern Gerontological Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28798152/self-reported-vision-impairment-and-incident-prefrailty-and-frailty-in-english-community-dwelling-older-adults-findings-from-a-4-year-follow-up-study
#12
Ann E M Liljas, Livia A Carvalho, Efstathios Papachristou, Cesar De Oliveira, S Goya Wannamethee, Sheena E Ramsay, Kate R Walters
BACKGROUND: Little is known about vision impairment and frailty in older age. We investigated the relationship of poor vision and incident prefrailty and frailty. METHODS: Cross-sectional and longitudinal analyses with 4-year follow-up of 2836 English community-dwellers aged ≥60 years. Vision impairment was defined as poor self-reported vision. A score of 0 out of the 5 Fried phenotype components was defined as non-frail, 1-2 prefrail and ≥3 as frail. Participants non-frail at baseline were followed-up for incident prefrailty and frailty...
August 10, 2017: Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28797962/quantitative-trunk-sway-and-prediction-of-incident-falls-in-older-adults
#13
Jeannette R Mahoney, Mooyeon Oh-Park, Emmeline Ayers, Joe Verghese
Poor balance and balance impairments are major predictors of falls. The purpose of the current study was to determine the clinical validity of baseline quantitative static trunk sway measurements in predicting incident falls in a cohort of 287 community-dwelling non-demented older Americans (mean age 76.14±6.82years; 54% female). Trunk sway was measured using the SwayStar™ device, and quantified as angular displacement in degrees in anterior-posterior (pitch) and medio-lateral (roll) planes. Over a one-year follow-up period, 66 elders (23%) reported incident falls...
July 29, 2017: Gait & Posture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28797378/hypertension-in-the-older-adult
#14
REVIEW
Belinda Setters, Holly M Holmes
Hypertension is common among adults and is associated with significant morbidity and mortality and should be routinely addressed in primary care practice. Optimal blood pressure targets have evolved in the past decade with the release of large studies including older persons. However, controversy remains regarding the treatment of older and frail patients. The relationship between blood pressure treatment and falls or cognitive impairment is still an area of concern and debate. A strategy to address hypertension in older persons should consider an individual's fitness and the likelihood of adverse effects and worsening of conditions that adversely affect quality of life...
September 2017: Primary Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28793363/falls-a-fear-of-falling-and-related-factors-in-older-adults-with-complex-chronic-disease
#15
JuHee Lee, MoonKi Choi, Chang Oh Kim
AIM AND OBJECTIVES: To identify factors influencing falls and the fear of falling among older adults with chronic diseases in Korea. BACKGROUND: The fear of falling and falls in older adults are significant health problems towards which healthcare providers should direct their attention. Further investigation is needed to improve nursing practice specifically decreasing risk of falls and the fear of falling in Korea. DESIGN: Descriptive, cross-sectional survey...
August 9, 2017: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28793119/evaluation-of-the-safety-of-hospitalized-older-adults-as-for-the-risk-of-falls
#16
Nathalia de Araújo Sarges, Maria Izabel Penha de Oliveira Santos, Emanuele Cordeiro Chaves
Objective: To evaluate the safety of hospitalized older adults as for the risk of falls according to the parameters of the Morse Fall Scale. Method: Epidemiological, cross-sectional, prospective and descriptive study with n=75. Results: Average age of 71.3 years (SD±8.2); 58.7% male; 44% with low educational level; 38.7% hospitalized for cardiovascular diseases; average hospitalization of 10 days (SD±9.38); 78.7% with comorbidities; 61.3% with the calf circumference ≥ 31 cm; 62...
July 2017: Revista Brasileira de Enfermagem
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28793100/falls-in-institutionalized-older-adults-risks-consequences-and-antecedents
#17
Antonio Herculano de Araújo, Anna Cláudia Freire de Araújo Patrício, Milenna Azevedo Minhaqui Ferreira, Brenda Feitosa Lopes Rodrigues, Thayná Dias Dos Santos, Thays Domingos de Brito Rodrigues, Richardson Augusto Rosendo da Silva
Objective: To analyze the occurrence of falls in institutionalized elderly addressing the risks, consequences and antecedents. Method: Cross-sectional study carried out with 45 older adults in Long-Term Care Facilities for the Older adult in João Pessoa, Brazil, in June and July 2016. A socio-demographic questionnaire and the Berg Balance Scale were applied, classifying as risk of fall scores lower than 45. Descriptive statistics and tests were conducted: independent t-test, Anova (Tukey), Chi-square, Mann Whitney...
July 2017: Revista Brasileira de Enfermagem
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28792521/association-of-psychotropic-drug-use-with-falls-among-older-adults-in-germany-results-of-the-german-health-interview-and-examination-survey-for-adults-2008-2011-degs1
#18
Yong Du, Ingrid-Katharina Wolf, Hildtraud Knopf
PURPOSE: To investigate the association of psychotropic drug use with falls among older adults in Germany based on data from the National Health Interview and Examination Survey for Adults 2008-2011 (DEGS1). METHODS: DEGS1 collected data on drug use in the past 7 days and on falls occurred in the last 12 months. Study participants were older adults aged 65-79 years with complete data on drug use and falls (N = 1,833). Odds ratio (OR) and 95% confidence intervals (95% CI) were derived from logistic regression models adjusting for potential confounders including socio-demographic characteristics, health-related behaviors (alcohol drinking), body mass index and health conditions (frailty, vision impairment, disability, polypharmacy, blood pressure) as well as use of potential falls-risk-increasing drugs...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28783470/differences-in-fitness-level-between-women-aged-60-and-over-participating-in-three-different-supervised-exercise-programs-and-a-sedentary-group
#19
Maria Viladrosa, Ana Lavedán, Pilar Jürschik, Sebastià Mas-Alòs, Antoni Planas-Anzano, Olga Masot
The aim of this study was to compare fitness levels in women aged 60 and over participating in a supervised exercise program (involving tai chi, recreational gymnastics, and/or aquatic fitness) with those in a sedentary group. An observational, descriptive, cross-sectional study was performed on a total of 171 women aged from 60 to 92 who attended public community clubs for older adults. The instruments used included the Senior Fitness Test, the Tinetti Balance Assessment Tool, the Katz Index, and the Lawton & Brody Activities of Daily Living Scale...
August 7, 2017: Journal of Women & Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28781939/factors-affecting-sarcopenia-in-korean-adults-by-age-groups
#20
Eun-Jung Bae, Yun-Hee Kim
OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to investigate factors affecting sarcopenia in different age groups among Korean adults aged 20 years or older. METHODS: In this secondary analysis, data were collected from records for 17,968, participants who participated in the Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey during 2008-2011. Data were analyzed using multiple logistic regression to determine the associated factors of sarcopenia by age groups. RESULTS: The prevalence of sarcopenia increased significantly with age...
June 2017: Osong Public Health and Research Perspectives
keyword
keyword
28857
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"