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Achilles tendonitis

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29346195/the-entheseal-signature-of-erosive-arthritis-surface-microscopy-of-achilles-tendon-insertions-into-bone
#1
Bruce M Rothschild
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 9, 2018: Journal of Clinical Rheumatology: Practical Reports on Rheumatic & Musculoskeletal Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29345399/glycine-improves-the-remodeling-process-of-tenocytes-in-vitro
#2
Cristiano Pedrozo Vieira, Manuela Viola, Giane Daniela Carneiro, Maria Luisa D'Angelo, Cristina Pontes Vicente, Alberto Passi, Edson Rosa Pimentel
Tendinitis changes the biochemical and morphological properties of the tendon, promoting an increase of activity of metalloproteinases and disorganization of collagen bundles. Tenocytes the primary cells in tendon, are scattered throughout the collagenic fibres, and are responsible of tendon remodeling and tissue repair in pathological condition. In vivo, glycine, component of the typical Gly-X-Y collagen tripeptide, showed beneficial effects in biochemical and biomechanical properties of Achilles tendon with tendinitis...
January 18, 2018: Cell Biology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29338334/proximal-to-distal-exostectomy-for-the-treatment-of-insertional-achilles-tendinopathy
#3
Cpt Zachary L McBeth, Maj Joseph W Galvin, Ltc Justin Robbins
When insertional Achilles tendinopathy is addressed surgically via a central-Achilles splitting approach, the calcaneal osteotomy has classically been performed from distal to proximal. We describe a simple proximal to distal technique that allows optimal resection of both the calcaneal exostosis and Achilles enthesophyte, minimizes risk to the soft tissues and skin, provides a bony attachment surface parallel to the axis of the Achilles tendon, and avoids the risk of osteotomy extension into the subtalar joint...
January 1, 2018: Foot & Ankle Specialist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29338333/endoscopic-transfer-of-flexor-hallucis-longus-tendon-for-chronic-achilles-tendon-rupture-technical-aspects-and-short-time-experiences
#4
Elisabeth Ellingsen Husebye, Marius Molund, Kjetil Harald Hvaal, Are Haukåen Stødle
BACKGROUND: Chronic Achilles tendon ruptures can lead to reduced power of plantar flexion in the ankle with impaired gait ability. The open 1- or 2-incision technique for flexor hallucis longus transfer has proven good functional outcome but has the disadvantage of relatively extensive surgery performed at a vulnerable location. To reduce the risk of soft tissue problems, the flexor hallucis longus transfer can be performed endoscopically. MATERIAL AND METHOD: An endoscopic technique for flexor hallucis longus transfer is presented together with the experiences from the first six patients operated with this method...
January 1, 2018: Foot & Ankle Specialist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334954/association-between-non-cholesterol-sterol-concentrations-and-achilles-tendon-thickness-in-patients-with-genetic-familial-hypercholesterolemia
#5
Lucía Baila-Rueda, Itziar Lamiquiz-Moneo, Estíbaliz Jarauta, Rocío Mateo-Gallego, Sofía Perez-Calahorra, Victoria Marco-Benedí, Ana M Bea, Ana Cenarro, Fernando Civeira
BACKGROUND: Familial hypercholesterolemia (FH) is a genetic disorder that result in abnormally high low-density lipoprotein cholesterol levels, markedly increased risk of coronary heart disease (CHD) and tendon xanthomas (TX). However, the clinical expression is highly variable. TX are present in other metabolic diseases that associate increased sterol concentration. If non-cholesterol sterols are involved in the development of TX in FH has not been analyzed. METHODS: Clinical and biochemical characteristics, non-cholesterol sterols concentrations and Aquilles tendon thickness were determined in subjects with genetic FH with (n = 63) and without (n = 40) TX...
January 15, 2018: Journal of Translational Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334747/-drug-induced-tendon-injury
#6
Štefan Alušík, Zoltán Paluch
Tendon injury belongs to the less known side effects of some drugs, reported until recently only for glucocorticoids and fluoroquinolones. To date, some other classes of drugs such as statins, aromatase inhibitors, anabolic steroids, potentially causing tendon injury, have been added to the list. The authors discuss the most common clinical presentations, diagnosis, and management as well as latest experimental data regarding this issue. The most often, the Achilles tendon is affected, however, nearly every tendon of the entire body may be affected...
2018: Vnitr̆ní Lékar̆ství
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29332731/quantitative-tissue-parameters-of-achilles-tendon-and-plantar-fascia-in-healthy-subjects-using-a-handheld-myotonometer
#7
Sarah Orner, Wolfgang Kratzer, Julian Schmidberger, Beate Grüner
OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study was to examine the quantitative tissue properties of the Achilles tendon and plantar fascia using a handheld, non-invasive MyotonPRO device, in order to generate normal values and examine the biomechanical relationship of both structures. DESIGN: Prospective study of a large, healthy sample population. PARTICIPANTS: The study sample included 207 healthy subjects (87 males and 120 females) for the Achilles tendon and 176 healthy subjects (73 males and 103 females) for the plantar fascia...
January 2018: Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29332730/biomechanical-factors-associated-with-running-economy-and-performance-of-elite-kenyan-distance-runners-a-systematic-review
#8
REVIEW
Nassib Tawa, Quinette Louw
BACKGROUND: Running economy (RE) is a determinant of performance in endurance sports and is a complex multi-factorial measure which reflects the combined functioning of bio-mechanical, neuro-muscular, metabolic and cardio-respiratory factors some of which are hereditary or adapt to coaching. Kenyan distance runners have dominated major global events with their unmatched performance for decades and this phenomenon has prompted several investigations aimed at establishing possible factors associated with their performance...
January 2018: Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29325195/common-calcaneal-tenorrhaphy-revision-using-a-central-gastrocnemius-turnover-aponeurotic-flap-technique-in-a-cat
#9
Fabio Sangion, Filippo Cinti, Guido Pisani
A 5-year-old, male castrated, domestic short hair cat was referred to the authors' clinic because of wound dehiscence and exposure of tendon stumps after tenorrhaphy of the Achilles tendon. Surgical revision was done using an aponeurotic flap taken from the proximal stump of the Achilles tendon and sutured over the two tendon portions. This technique has been described in humans, but, to the authors' knowledge, this has not been reported in cats. Modified type II external fixation was used to maintain the tarsocrural joint in extension until tendon healing was confirmed ultrasonographically 35 days postoperatively...
January 2018: Veterinary and Comparative Orthopaedics and Traumatology: V.C.O.T
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29321844/foreign-body-reaction-with-granuloma-following-achilles-tendon-reconstruction-with-the-lars-ligament
#10
Joshua Henry, Alistar J Konarski, Leena Joseph, Anand Pillai
Ligament reconstruction with the LARS ligament has been a popular choice owing to its low-complication rates compared with previously commercially available grafts. The non-active nature of the implant also meant that there were no foreign body reactions that had been described with other synthetic grafts. We describe the first reported case of a granulomatous foreign body reaction in a LARS ligament Achilles tendon graft and a technique to reconstruct the tendon following its excision.
January 2018: Journal of Surgical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29315811/apolipoprotein-a1-apo-a1-distribution-pattern-in-the-human-achilles-tendon
#11
James E Gaida, Håkan Alfredson, Alex Scott, Rouhollah Mousavizadeh, Sture Forsgren
Metabolic factors such as cholesterol appear to play an important role in the development of Achilles tendinopathy. There is, however, no morphologic proof explaining the link between high cholesterol and tendinopathy. As apolipoprotein A1 (Apo-A1) is essential for reverse cholesterol transport, it may be related to cholesterol overload in tendon. Nothing is known about Apo-A1 expression in tendon tissue. We examined the distribution of Apo-A1 protein in biopsies from normal and tendinopathy affected human Achilles tendons, and APOA1 mRNA production from cultured human hamstring tenocytes...
January 5, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Medicine & Science in Sports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29310456/online-physical-therapy-protocol-quality-variability-and-availability-in-achilles-tendon-repair
#12
Harry M Lightsey, Peter C Noback, Jon-Michael E Caldwell, David P Trofa, Justin K Greisberg, J Turner Vosseller
BACKGROUND: Substantial progress has been made in characterizing the benefit of early functional rehabilitation following Achilles tendon repair (ATR). However, standardized ATR rehabilitation guidelines have yet to be produced. Furthermore, as patients increasingly use the Internet to independently retrieve health care content, access to standardized, clinically effective rehabilitation protocols is necessary. METHODS: Online ATR physical therapy protocols from US academic orthopaedic programs were reviewed...
January 1, 2018: Foot & Ankle Specialist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29309823/three-dimensional-ultrashort-echo-time-cones-3d-ute-cones-magnetic-resonance-imaging-of-entheses-and-tendons
#13
Bimin Chen, Yinghua Zhao, Xin Cheng, Yajun Ma, Eric Y Chang, Arthur Kavanaugh, Sirun Liu, Jiang Du
We present three-dimensional ultrashort echo time Cones (3D-UTE-Cones) imaging as well as quantification of T2* and magnetization transfer ratio (MTR) of Achilles tendon and its enthesis of healthy volunteers and patients with psoriatic arthritis (PsA) using a 3T scanner. Quantitative T2*, T2 and magnetization transfer ratio (MTR) measurements of Achilles tendon and its enthesis were performed on healthy volunteers (n=7) and PsA patients (n=9) with 3D-UTE-Cones and clinical sequences at 3T. T2* was measured via single-component fitting of UTE images from two interleaved dual echo 3D-UTE-Cones acquisitions...
January 5, 2018: Magnetic Resonance Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29304958/editorial-commentary-proximal-hamstring-syndrome-another-pain-in-the-buttock
#14
EDITORIAL
Dean K Matsuda
Proximal hamstring injuries cause buttock pain and may result in significant weakness and sciatic neuralgia. Avulsion ruptures involving 2 or more tendons with >2-cm retraction may benefit from early open surgical repair. More chronic equivalents may benefit from Achilles allograft reconstruction. Chronic proximal hamstring syndrome causing posterior thigh and sit pain may occur from less severe, often repetitive injury to the proximal hamstring origin with secondary sciatic neuralgia from local adhesions or scar entrapment...
January 2018: Arthroscopy: the Journal of Arthroscopic & related Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29301166/normal-range-of-patellar-tendon-elasticity-using-the-sharewave-elastography-technique-an-in-vivo-study-in-normal-volunteers
#15
Alexandre Hardy, Camille Rodaix, Claudio Vergari, Raphael Vialle
In-vivo investigation of tendon mechanical properties in healthy subjects using Shear Wave Elastography (SWE) techniques is a relatively new field of study. This work aims to evaluate the elastic properties of the patellar tendon in various knee range of flexion. Twenty healthy adult subjects were enrolled in the study. Shear wave speed (SWS) in the patellar tendon was measured in three different positions: Knee extended, knee semi-flexed (30°), and knee flexed (90°). Mean shear modulus was 50.9 +- 33.1 kPa in knee extension position, 137...
December 22, 2017: Surgical Technology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29300224/achilles-tendinopathy
#16
Umile Giuseppe Longo, Mario Ronga, Nicola Maffulli
Achilles tendinopathy is a common cause of disability. Despite the economic and social relevance of the problem, the causes and mechanisms of Achilles tendinopathy remain unclear. Tendon vascularity, gastrocnemius-soleus dysfunction, age, sex, body weight and height, pes cavus, and lateral ankle instability are considered common intrinsic factors. The essence of Achilles tendinopathy is a failed healing response, with haphazard proliferation of tenocytes, some evidence of degeneration in tendon cells and disruption of collagen fibers, and subsequent increase in noncollagenous matrix...
March 2018: Sports Medicine and Arthroscopy Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29291205/topiramate-induced-peripheral-neuropathy-a-case-report-and-review-of-literature
#17
Sherifa Ahmed Hamed
Drug-induced peripheral neuropathy had been rarely reported as an adverse effect of some antiepileptic drugs (AEDs) at high cumulative doses or even within the therapeutic drug doses or levels. We describe clinical and diagnostic features of a patient with peripheral neuropathy as an adverse effect of chronic topiramate (TPM) therapy. A 37-year-old woman was presented for the control of active epilepsy (2010). She was resistant to some AEDs as mono- or combined therapies (carbamazepine, sodium valproate, levetiracetam, oxcarbazepine and lamotrigine)...
December 16, 2017: World Journal of Clinical Cases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29278683/rescue-plan-for-achilles-therapeutics-steering-the-fate-and-functions-of-stem-cells-in-tendon-wound-healing
#18
Magdalena Schneider, Peter Angele, Tero A H Järvinen, Denitsa Docheva
Due to the increasing age of our society and a rise in engagement of young people in extreme and/or competitive sports, both tendinopathies and tendon ruptures present a clinical and financial challenge. Tendon has limited natural healing capacity and often responds poorly to treatments, hence it requires prolonged rehabilitation in most cases. Till today, none of the therapeutic options has provided successful long-term solutions, meaning that repaired tendons do not recover their complete strength and functionality...
December 23, 2017: Advanced Drug Delivery Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29276600/atraumatic-bilateral-rupture-of-the-peroneus-brevis-tendon-in-recreational-sport-a-case-report
#19
Patric Scheidegger, Lukas Weisskopf, Anja Hirschmüller
Issue: Lower extremity tendon injuries often occur in physically active individuals. Most ruptures not involving great force are diagnosed in patients presenting underlying tendon degenerations. This also applies to patients taking medications because of a disease. We have observed several cases of bilateral Achilles tendon ruptures in patients who have been taking cortisone for a long period. We treated a healthy colleague (neurologist) in our clinic who sustained ruptures of the Achilles tendon on the left side (2012) and the peroneus brevis tendon on left side (2015) and right side (2016) after minimal traumata...
2017: SAGE Open Medical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29275904/the-achilles-tendon-in-healthy-subjects-an-anthropometric-and-ultrasound-mapping-study
#20
Nick N Patel, Sameh A Labib
Ultrasonography is an inexpensive, fast, and reliable imaging technique widely used to assess the Achilles tendon. Although significant data exists regarding pathologic tendon changes, ultrasound data from healthy individuals are more limited. We aimed to better characterize ultrasound Achilles tendon measurements in healthy individuals and identify important correlating factors. The information collected included patient demographics, body habitus, activity level, foot dominance, and resting ankle angle. Ultrasound analysis was performed bilaterally on the Achilles tendons of 50 subjects using a high-frequency transducer to measure tendon width, thickness, cross-sectional area, and length...
December 21, 2017: Journal of Foot and Ankle Surgery: Official Publication of the American College of Foot and Ankle Surgeons
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