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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28087891/physical-activity-and-exercise-for-chronic-pain-in-adults-an-overview-of-cochrane-reviews
#1
REVIEW
Louise J Geneen, R Andrew Moore, Clare Clarke, Denis Martin, Lesley A Colvin, Blair H Smith
BACKGROUND: Chronic pain is defined as pain lasting beyond normal tissue healing time, generally taken to be 12 weeks. It contributes to disability, anxiety, depression, sleep disturbances, poor quality of life, and healthcare costs. Chronic pain has a weighted mean prevalence in adults of 20%.For many years, the treatment choice for chronic pain included recommendations for rest and inactivity. However, exercise may have specific benefits in reducing the severity of chronic pain, as well as more general benefits associated with improved overall physical and mental health, and physical functioning...
January 14, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28010994/pelvic-floor-muscle-training-for-secondary-prevention-of-pelvic-organ-prolapse-prevprol-a-multicentre-randomised-controlled-trial
#2
Suzanne Hagen, Cathryn Glazener, Doreen McClurg, Christine Macarthur, Andrew Elders, Peter Herbison, Don Wilson, Philip Toozs-Hobson, Christine Hemming, Jean Hay-Smith, Marissa Collins, Sylvia Dickson, Janet Logan
BACKGROUND: Pelvic floor muscle training can reduce prolapse severity and symptoms in women seeking treatment. We aimed to assess whether this intervention could also be effective in secondary prevention of prolapse and the need for future treatment. METHODS: We did this multicentre, parallel-group, randomised controlled trial at three centres in New Zealand and the UK. Women from a longitudinal study of pelvic floor function after childbirth were potentially eligible for inclusion...
December 20, 2016: Lancet
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28003133/myofascial-induction-effects-on-neck-shoulder-pain-in-breast-cancer-survivors-randomized-single-blind-placebo-controlled-cross-over-design
#3
Eduardo Castro-Martín, Lucía Ortiz-Comino, Tania Gallart-Aragón, Bernabé Esteban-Moreno, Manuel Arroyo-Morales, Noelia Galiano-Castillo
OBJECTIVES: To investigate the immediate effects of myofascial induction (MI) with placebo electrotherapy as control on perceived pain, cervical/shoulder range of motion (ROM) and mood state in breast cancer survivors (BCSs) with shoulder/arm morbidity. Our secondary objective was to examine the relationships between pain modifications and cervical/shoulder ROM on the side affected by breast cancer. DESIGN: Randomized, single-blind, placebo-controlled cross-over study...
December 18, 2016: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27992251/a-comparative-study-of-the-effects-of-pilates-latin-dance-on-static-and-dynamic-balance-in-older-adults
#4
George Sofianidis, AnnaMaria Dimitriou, Vassilia Hatzitaki
The present study was designed to compare the effectiveness of exercise programs, exercise with Pilates and Latin dance, on older adults' static and dynamic balance. Thirty two older adults were divided into three groups, Pilates group, Dance group, and a Control group. Static and dynamic balance was assessed with following tasks: a) Tandem stance, b) one leg stance and c) periodic sway with and without metronome guidance. Analysis revealed a significant, reduction of the trunk sway amplitude during the Tandem stance with eyes closed, reduction in the Center of Pressure displacement during one-leg stance, increase in the amplitude of trunk oscillation during the sway task, for both intervention's groups and reduction in the standard deviation of the CoP displacement during the MP task only for the dance group...
December 19, 2016: Journal of Aging and Physical Activity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27976042/protective-impact-of-extract-from-aronia-melanocarpa-berries-against-low-level-exposure-to-cadmium-induced-liver-damage-a-study-in-a-rat-model
#5
M Mezynska, M Tomczyk, J Rogalska, B Pilat-Marcinkiewicz, M Galazyn-Sidoczuk, M M Brzoska
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2016: Planta Medica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27932265/ottawa-panel-evidence-based-clinical-practice-guidelines-for-structured-physical-activity-in-the-management-of-juvenile-idiopathic-arthritis
#6
REVIEW
Sabrina Cavallo, Lucie Brosseau, Karine Toupin-April, George A Wells, Christine A M Smith, Arlanna G Pugh, Jennifer Stinson, Roanne Thomas, Sara Ahmed, Ciarán M Duffy, Prinon Rahman, Inmaculada C Àlvarez-Gallardo, Laurianne Loew, Gino De Angelis, Debbie Ehrmann Feldman, Annette Majnemer, Isabelle J Gagnon, Désirée Maltais, Marie-Ève Mathieu, Glen P Kenny, Susan Tupper, Kristi Whitney-Mahoney, Sarah Bigford
OBJECTIVE: To create guidelines focused on the use of structured physical activity (PA) in the management of juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA). DATA SOURCES: A systematic literature search was conducted using the electronic databases Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, Medline (Ovid), EMBASE (Ovid), and Physiotherapy Evidence Database (PEDro) for all studies related to PA programs for JIA from January 1966 until December 2014, and was updated in May 2015...
December 5, 2016: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27912996/alternative-exercise-traditions-in-cancer-rehabilitation
#7
REVIEW
Kathryn J Ruddy, Daniela L Stan, Anjali Bhagra, Mary Jurisson, Andrea L Cheville
Alternative exercise traditions (AETs) such as Pilates, yoga, Tai Chi Chuan, Qigong, and various forms of dance offer the potential to improve diverse outcomes among cancer survivors by reducing adverse symptoms and mood disorders, and by enhancing function. Additionally AETs have emerged as a potential means to address deficits in current disease-focused care delivery models which are marked by prevalent under-treatment of symptoms and physical impairments. Relative to therapeutic exercise in allopathic models, many AETs are comparatively affordable and accessible...
February 2017: Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27911284/different-types-of-exercise-in-multiple-sclerosis-aerobic-exercise-or-pilates-a-single-blind-clinical-study
#8
Bilge Kara, Fadime Küçük, Esra Coşkuner Poyraz, Melda Soysal Tomruk, Egemen İdıman
BACKROUND: The aim of our study is to examine effects of aerobic and Pilates exercises on disability, cognition, physical performance, balance, depression and fatigue in relapsing-remitting Multiple Sclerosis (MS) patients as compared to healthy controls. METHODS: The subjects were divided as aerobic exercise (n = 26), Pilates (n = 9), and the healthy control group (n = 21). We used MSFC, physical performance, Berg balance scale, Beck depression scale, fatique impact scale...
November 25, 2016: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27876507/exercise-induced-cytokine-changes-in-antigen-stimulated-whole-blood-cultures-compared-to-serum
#9
C Pilat, K Krüger, T Frech, F C Mooren
Strenuous exercise is followed by an elevation of many cytokines with inflammation regulating properties. Since most cytokines act at pico- or nanomolar concentrations many investigations failed to detect their concentrations in vivo. Hence, the aim of this study was to evaluate the significance of cytokine measurements (IL-1β, TNF-α, IL-1ra, IL-6, CCL2 and CXCL8) in a stimulated whole-blood culture (sWBC) compared to serum with respect to their exercise-induced kinetics and detection rates. 40 male volunteers (age: 25,5±4,3years, BMI: 24,00±2,24, VO2peak: 46,9±4,1mL/kg×min) performed 60min of intensive bicycle exercise (80% VO2peak)...
January 2017: Journal of Immunological Methods
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27872868/minor-antigen-disparities-impede-induction-of-long-lasting-chimerism-and-tolerance-through-bone-marrow-transplantation-with-costimulation-blockade
#10
Sinda Bigenzahn, Ines Pree, Christoph Klaus, Nina Pilat, Benedikt Mahr, Elisabeth Schwaiger, Patrick Nierlich, Friedrich Wrba, Thomas Wekerle
Mixed chimerism and tolerance can be successfully induced in rodents through allogeneic bone marrow transplantation (BMT) with costimulation blockade (CB), but varying success rates have been reported with distinct models and protocols. We therefore investigated the impact of minor antigen disparities on the induction of mixed chimerism and tolerance. C57BL/6 (H2(b)) mice received nonmyeloablative total body irradiation (3 Gy), costimulation blockade (anti-CD40L mAb and CTLA4Ig), and 2 × 10(7) bone marrow cells (BMC) from either of three donor strains: Balb/c (H2(d)) (MHC plus multiple minor histocompatibility antigen (mHAg) mismatched), B10...
2016: Journal of Immunology Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27871030/the-impact-of-gender-on-treatment-effectiveness-of-body-psychotherapy-for-negative-symptoms-of-schizophrenia-a-secondary-analysis-of-the-ness-trial-data
#11
Mark Savill, Stavros Orfanos, Richard Bentall, Ulrich Reininghaus, Til Wykes, Stefan Priebe
Despite promising findings from small-scale studies suggesting that body psychotherapy may be an effective treatment for negative symptoms, these results were not replicated in a recent multisite trial. In this trial a far smaller proportion of women were recruited relative to earlier studies, which may be an issue given the gender mix of the sample evaluated has been found to affect trial outcomes in schizophrenia. Using data from our multisite trial, the interaction between gender and treatment allocation as a predictor of outcomes was examined in 275 participants (72 women and 203 men) randomised to either a body psychotherapy or Pilates group...
January 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27821970/effects-of-pilates-on-patients-with-chronic-non-specific-low-back-pain-a-systematic-review
#12
REVIEW
Hui-Ting Lin, Wei-Ching Hung, Jia-Ling Hung, Pei-Shan Wu, Li-Jin Liaw, Jia-Hao Chang
[Purpose] To evaluate the effects of Pilates on patients with chronic low back pain through a systematic review of high-quality articles on randomized controlled trials. [Subjects and Methods] Keywords and synonyms for "Pilates" and "Chronic low back pain" were used in database searches. The databases included PubMed, Physiotherapy Evidence Database (PEDro), Medline, and the Cochrane Library. Articles involving randomized controlled trials with higher than 5 points on the PEDro scale were reviewed for suitability and inclusion...
October 2016: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27816612/trapping-redox-partnerships-in-oxidant-sensitive-proteins-with-a-small-thiol-reactive-cross-linker
#13
Kristin M Allan, Matthew A Loberg, Juliet Chepngeno, Jennifer E Hurtig, Susmit Tripathi, Min Goo Kang, Jonathan K Allotey, Afton H Widdershins, Jennifer M Pilat, Herbert J Sizek, Wesley J Murphy, Matthew R Naticchia, Joseph B David, Kevin A Morano, James D West
A broad range of redox-regulated proteins undergo reversible disulfide bond formation on oxidation-prone cysteine residues. Heightened reactivity of the thiol groups in these cysteines also increases susceptibility to modification by organic electrophiles, a property that can be exploited in the study of redox networks. Here, we explored whether divinyl sulfone (DVSF), a thiol-reactive bifunctional electrophile, cross-links oxidant-sensitive proteins to their putative redox partners in cells. To test this idea, previously identified oxidant targets involved in oxidant defense (namely, peroxiredoxins, methionine sulfoxide reductases, sulfiredoxin, and glutathione peroxidases), metabolism, and proteostasis were monitored for cross-link formation following treatment of Saccharomyces cerevisiae with DVSF...
December 2016: Free Radical Biology & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27815239/effect-of-pilates-exercise-for-improving-balance-in-older-adults-pedro-synthesis
#14
Marcia R Franco, Guilherme H D Grande, Susimary A T Padulla
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 4, 2016: British Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27814866/comparison-of-the-effect-of-different-modalities-of-physical-exercise-on-functionality-and-anthropometric-measurements-in-community-dwelling-older-women
#15
Ana Paula Sena Lomba Vasconcelos, Diogo Correia Cardozo, Alessandra Lamas Granero Lucchetti, Giancarlo Lucchetti
The present study aims to assess the effect of different modalities of physical exercises ("Functional Gymnastics"-FG, "Resistance Training"-RT and "Pilates combined with Hydrogymnastics"-PCH) on functional capacity and anthropometric measurements of 148 older women (60 years old or more). A comparative observational study was conducted. Functional and anthropometric measurements were assessed at baseline and after 16 weeks. All groups assessed showed significant changes between baseline and post-training. On the comparison of pre and post-training, differences in anthropometric measurements but not in functional test performance were found...
October 2016: Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27814862/the-effectiveness-of-pilates-on-balance-and-falls-in-community-dwelling-older-adults
#16
Sharon Josephs, Mary Lee Pratt, Emily Calk Meadows, Stephanie Thurmond, Amy Wagner
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to determine whether Pilates is more effective than traditional strength and balance exercises for improving balance measures, balance confidence and reducing falls in community dwelling older adults with fall risk. METHOD: Thirty-one participants with fall risk were randomly assigned to the Pilates group (PG) or the traditional exercise group (TG). Both groups participated in 12 weeks of exercise, 2 times/week for 1 h. RESULTS: There was significant improvement in the Fullerton Advanced Balance Scale for both the PG (mean difference = 6...
October 2016: Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27814860/comparison-between-static-stretching-and-the-pilates-method-on-the-flexibility-of-older-women
#17
Laís Campos de Oliveira, Raphael Gonçalves de Oliveira, Deise Aparecida de Almeida Pires-Oliveira
INTRODUCTION: Flexibility decreases with advancing age and some forms of exercise, such as static stretching and Pilates, can contribute to the improvement of this physical ability. OBJECTIVE: To compare the effects of static stretching and Pilates on the flexibility of healthy older women, over the age of 60 years. METHOD: Thirty-two volunteers were randomized into two groups (Static stretching or Pilates) to perform exercises for 60 min, twice a week, for three months...
October 2016: Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27807531/effect-of-a-16-week-pilates-exercise-program-on-the-ego-resiliency-and-depression-in-elderly-women
#18
Su Yeon Roh
This study aims to examine the effect of a 16-week Pilates exercise program on the ego resiliency and depression in elderly women. Before participating in Pilates exercise programs, researcher explained the purpose and the intention of the research to elderly women who were willing to participate in this research. A total of 148 elderly women agreed to participate in the program and they filled in ego resiliency and depression questionnaires. Then, the elderly participated in the 16-week Pilates exercise program and completed the same questionnaires afterwards...
October 2016: Journal of Exercise Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27799706/effects-of-8-weeks-of-mat-based-pilates-exercise-on-gait-in-chronic-stroke-patients
#19
SuYeon Roh, Ho Jong Gil, Sukhoon Yoon
[Purpose] The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of an 8-week program of Pilates exercise on gait in chronic hemiplegia patients and to determine whether or not it can be used for rehabilitation in postsrtoke patients. [Subjects and Methods] Twenty individuals with unilateral chronic hemiparetic stroke (age, 66.1 ± 4.4 yrs; height, 162.3 ± 8.3 cm; weight, 67.4 ± 12.3 kg) participated in this study and were randomly allocated equally to either a Pilates exercise group or a control group...
September 2016: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27771359/is-interferential-current-before-pilates-exercises-more-effective-than-placebo-in-patients-with-chronic-nonspecific-low-back-pain-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#20
Katherinne Moura Franco, Yuri Dos Santos Franco, Naiane Bastos de Oliveira, Gisela Cristiane Miyamoto, Matheus Oliveira Santos, Richard Eloin Liebano, Cristina Nunes Cabral
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether interferential current (IFC) before Pilates exercises is more effective than placebo in patients with chronic nonspecific low back pain. DESIGN: Two-arm randomized controlled trial, with a blinded assessor, and 6 months follow-up. SETTING: Clinic of a school of physical therapy. PARTICIPANTS: The random sample consisted of patients (N=148) of both sexes, with age between 18 and 80 years and chronic nonspecific low back pain...
October 19, 2016: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
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