Read by QxMD icon Read


Anastasia Pilat, Rebecca J McLean, Frank A Proudlock, Gail D E Maconachie, Viral Sheth, Yusuf A Rajabally, Irene Gottlob
Purpose: To investigate optic nerve (ON) and macular morphology in patients with Parkinson's disease (PD) using spectral-domain optical coherence tomography (SD-OCT). Subjects: Twenty-five participants with PD (19 males and 6 females; mean age 60.79; SD ± 9.24) and 25 sex-, age-, ethnicity-, and refraction-matched healthy controls. Methods: A high-resolution SD-OCT device was used to acquire scans in 25 participants with PD (mean age 60.79; ± SD 9...
August 1, 2016: Investigative Ophthalmology & Visual Science
Nina Pilat, Benedikt Mahr, Lukas Unger, Karin Hock, Christoph Schwarz, Andreas M Farkas, Ulrike Baranyi, Fritz Wrba, Thomas Wekerle
Central clonal deletion has been considered the critical factor responsible for the robust state of tolerance achieved by chimerism-based experimental protocols, but split-tolerance models and the clinical experience are calling this assumption into question. Although clone-size reduction through deletion has been shown to be universally required for achieving allotolerance, it remains undetermined whether it is sufficient by itself. Therapeutic Treg treatment induces chimerism and tolerance in a stringent murine BM transplantation model devoid of myelosuppressive recipient treatment...
May 19, 2016: JCI Insight
Jonathan Hoffman, C Philip Gabel
Background: Over recent decades, mind-body exercise methods have gained international popularity and importance in the management of musculoskeletal disorders. Objectives: The scope of this paper was to investigate: the origins of Western mind-body methods, their philosophies, exercises, and relationship with mainstream healthcare over the last two centuries. Major findings: Within a few decades of the turn of the 20th century, a cluster of mind-body exercise methods emerged from at least six pioneering founders: Checkley, Müller, Alexander, Randell, Pilates, and Morris...
November 2, 2015: Physical Therapy Reviews: PTR
Naiane Teixeira Bastos de Oliveira, Sandra Maria Sbeghen Ferreira Freitas, Fernanda Ferreira Fuhro, Maurício Antônio da Luz Júnior, Cesar Ferreira Amorim, Cristina Maria Nunes Cabral
OBJECTIVE: To determine the amplitude of the electromyographic activity of trunk muscles during Pilates exercises in women with and without chronic low back pain (LBP). DESIGN: Case control study. SETTING: Clinic of a school. PARTICIPANTS: Sixty women divided into LBP Group (LBPG) and Control Group (CG). INTERVENTIONS: Not applicable. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Amplitude of the electromyographic activity (root mean square values) of the gluteus maximus and external oblique muscles collected during three Pilates exercises: Shoulder bridge performed in the mat, and Hip roll and Breathing performed in equipment...
September 29, 2016: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
Chen-Ya Yang, Yun-An Thai, Pi-Keng Wu, Sih-Ying Ho, Shih-Fong Huang
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2016: PM & R: the Journal of Injury, Function, and Rehabilitation
Sheila A Dugan, Kelly Karavolos, Elizabeth B Lynch, Chiquia S Hollings, Francis Fullam, Brittney S Lange-Maia, Lynda H Powell
BACKGROUND: Physical inactivity in midlife women is associated with increased intra-abdominal adipose tissue development. We describe an innovative multimethod study 1) to better understand barriers to physical activity (PA) and 2) engage midlife women to product test physical activities and identify local community-based providers and sustainable and fun PA experiences. METHODS: Formative research on PA barriers from the Chicago site SWAN ancillary study of midlife women was utilized to develop a pilot testing measure...
August 24, 2016: Journal of Physical Activity & Health
Ana Inês Gonzáles, Tatyana Nery, Samuel Geraldi Fragnani, Franciele Pereira, Robson Rodrigues Lemos, Poliana Penasso Bezerra, Patrícia Haas
Systemic arterial hypertension (SAH) has a prevalence of approximately 1 billion cases worldwide. The main goals for its treatment involve changes in a patient's lifestyle, with a strategy of management that aims to increase his or her level of physical activity, with a recommendation for aerobic and resistance exercise. Some evidence has suggested that training with isometric exercises can produce effects similar to aerobic exercise on blood pressure reduction. Conventional exercises that are currently used in rehabilitation of hypertensive patients show low adherence, with a lack of motivation on the part of those patients...
September 2016: Alternative Therapies in Health and Medicine
Ionel Ciucanu, Luminiţa Pilat, Cristian I Ciucanu, Eugen Şişu, Victor Dumitraşcu
AIM: We have developed a method for simultaneous monitoring of more biomarkers from three different classes of compounds by simultaneous analysis of neutral monosaccharides, fatty acids (FAs) and cholesterol as their per-O-methylated derivatives from a drop of blood by GC-MS. This work is a development of our previous results about analysis of neutral monosaccharides from a drop of blood. METHODS & RESULTS: The simultaneous per-O-methylation was obtained by methylation in one step with methyl iodide and NaOH in DMSO...
October 2016: Bioanalysis
Raziye Savkin, Ummuhan Bas Aslan
BACKGROUND: Pilates is a popular exercise approach among women. Still there is poor empirical quantitative evidence indicating a positive effect of Pilates exercises on body composition. The aim of our study is to determine the effects ofPilates exercises on body composition in sedentary overweight and obese women. METHODS: 37 women, aged between 30 to 50 (43.79±4.88) years, included the study. Subjects are randomly divided into Pilates group (n=19) and control group (n=18)...
September 8, 2016: Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness
Tiê P Yamato, Christopher G Maher, Bruno T Saragiotto, Mark J Hancock, Raymond W J G Ostelo, Cristina M N Cabral, Luciola C Menezes Costa, Leonardo O P Costa
BACKGROUND: Non-specific low back pain is a major health problem worldwide. Interventions based on exercises have been the most commonly used treatments for patients with this condition. Over the past few years, the Pilates method has been one of the most popular exercise programmes used in clinical practice. OBJECTIVES: To determine the effects of the Pilates method for patients with non-specific acute, subacute or chronic low back pain. METHODS: HASH(0x36711a8) SEARCH METHODS: We conducted the searches in CENTRAL, MEDLINE, EMBASE, CINAHL, PEDro and SPORTDiscus from the date of their inception to March 2014...
July 2016: São Paulo Medical Journal, Revista Paulista de Medicina
Karolina Tecza, Jolanta Pamula-Pilat, Joanna Lanuszewska, Ewa Grzybowska
Clinical resistance to chemotherapy is one of the major problems in breast cancer treatment. In this study we analyzed possible impact of 22 polymorphic variants on the treatment response in 324 breast cancer patients. Selected genes were involved in FAC chemotherapy drugs transport (ABCB1, ABCC2, ABCG2, SLC22A16), metabolism (CYP1B1, CYP2C19, GSTT1, GSTM1, GSTP1, TYMS, MTHFR, DPYD), drug-induced damage repair (ERCC1, ERCC2, XRCC1) and involved in regulation of DNA damage response and cell cycle control (ATM, TP53)...
August 4, 2016: Oncotarget
Renyi Liu, Wei Fan, Karsten Krüger, Yu Xiao, Christian Pilat, Michael Seimetz, Robert Ringseis, Eveline Baumgart-Vogt, Klaus Eder, Norbert Weissmann, Frank-Christoph Mooren
PURPOSE: The study aimed to investigate the effects of chronic moderate exercise on regulation of intracellular calcium signaling as an important link to proliferation capacity in murine splenic T lymphocytes. METHODS: Male CD1 Swiss mice were randomly assigned either to a control group (CG) or an exercise group (EG). EG mice performed voluntary exercise for 3 months. Lymphocytes were isolated from murine spleens and intracellular calcium was determined using Fura-2(AM) and fluorescence spectrometry...
August 12, 2016: Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise
Sun-Myung Lee, Chang-Hyung Lee, David O'Sullivan, Joo-Ha Jung, Jung-Jun Park
[Purpose] This study compared the effects of pilates and an exercise program on the craniovertebral angle, cervical range of motion, pain, and muscle fatigue in subjects with a forward head posture (FHP). [Subjects and Methods] A total of 28 sedentary females (age 20 to 39 years) with FHP were randomly assigned to pilates (n=14) and combined (n=14) exercise groups. The study was a randomized, controlled, double-blind study with the two groups performing exercise 50 min/day, 3 days/week, with an intensity of 11-15 rating of perceived exertion (RPE) for ten weeks...
July 2016: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
Kerstin Muders, Christian Pilat, Vanessa Deuster, Torsten Frech, Karsten Krüger, Jörn Pons-Kühnemann, Frank-Christoph Mooren
The present double-blind, randomized, placebo-controlled clinical trial intended to test whether ingestion of a natural combination medicine (Tr14 tablets) affects serum muscle damage and inflammatory immune response after downhill running. 96 male subjects received Tr14 tablets, which consist of 14 diluted biological and mineral components, or a placebo for 72 h after the exercise test, respectively. Changes in postexercise levels of various serum muscle damage and immunological markers were investigated...
2016: Mediators of Inflammation
Patrícia Becker Engers, Airton José Rombaldi, Elisa Gouvêa Portella, Marcelo Cozzensa da Silva
Several studies show the benefits of including muscle strength and aerobic physical activity in the routine of elderly people. Among the various possibilities of physical activity, the Pilates method has become a popular modality in recent years, through a system of exercises enabling to work the whole body and that corrects posture and realigns the muscles, developing the body stability needed for a healthier life. The aim of this study was to review the current evidence on the effects of the practice of the Pilates method in the elderly...
July 2016: Revista Brasileira de Reumatologia
Haelim Lee, Joy Matthew Cuasay Caguicla, Sangseo Park, Dong Jick Kwak, Deuk-Yeon Won, Yunjin Park, Jeeyoun Kim, Myungki Kim
The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of an 8-week Pilates exercise program on menopausal symptoms and lumbar strength and flexibility in postmenopausal women. In total, 74 postmenopausal women were recruited and randomly allocated to a Pilates exercise group (n=45) and a control group (n=29). Menopausal symptoms were measured through a questionnaire, while lumbar strength was measured through a lumbar extension machine, and lumbar flexibility was measured through sit-and-reach and trunk lift tests performed before and after the Pilates exercise program, respectively...
June 2016: Journal of Exercise Rehabilitation
T Pilate, J Verhaegen, M Van Ranst, V Saegeman
Binary toxin-producing Clostridium difficile strains such as ribotypes 027 and 078 have been associated with increased Clostridium difficile infection (CDI) severity. Our objective was to investigate the association between presence of the binary toxin gene and CDI severity and recurrence. We performed a laboratory-based retrospective study including patients between January 2013 and March 2015 whose fecal samples were analyzed by polymerase chain reaction (PCR) for the presence of the genes for toxin B and binary toxin and a deletion in the tcdC gene, specific for ribotype 027...
July 8, 2016: European Journal of Clinical Microbiology & Infectious Diseases
Hee Sung Lim, You Lim Kim, Suk Min Lee
[Purpose] The purpose of this study was to analyze the effects of Pilates exercise on static and dynamic balance in chronic stroke patients. [Subjects and Methods] Nineteen individuals with unilateral chronic hemiparetic stroke (age, 64.7 ± 6.9 years; height, 161.7 ± 7.9 cm; weight, 67.0 ± 11.1 kg) were randomly allocated to either a Pilates exercise group (PG, n=10) or a control group (CG, n=9). The PG attended 24 exercise sessions conducted over an 8-week period (3 sessions/week). Center of pressure (COP) sway and COP velocity were measured one week before and after the exercise program and compared to assess training effects...
June 2016: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
Hyo Taek Lee, Hyun Ok Oh, Hui Seung Han, Kwang Youn Jin, Hyo Lyun Roh
[Purpose] This study attempted to examine whether Pilates is an effective exercise for improving the postural alignment and health of middle-aged women. [Subjects and Methods] The participants in this study were 36 middle-aged women (20 in the experimental group, 16 in the control group). The experimental group participated in Pilates exercise sessions three times a week for 12 weeks. Body alignment and composition measurements before and after applying the Pilates exercise program were performed with a body composition analyzer and a three-dimensional scanner...
June 2016: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
Cintia L Rodacki, André Luiz Felix Rodacki
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2016: Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"