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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27912996/alternative-exercise-traditions-in-cancer-rehabilitation
#1
REVIEW
Kathryn J Ruddy, Daniela L Stan, Anjali Bhagra, Mary Jurisson, Andrea L Cheville
Alternative exercise traditions (AETs) such as Pilates, yoga, Tai Chi Chuan, Qigong, and various forms of dance offer the potential to improve diverse outcomes among cancer survivors by reducing adverse symptoms and mood disorders, and by enhancing function. Additionally AETs have emerged as a potential means to address deficits in current disease-focused care delivery models which are marked by prevalent under-treatment of symptoms and physical impairments. Relative to therapeutic exercise in allopathic models, many AETs are comparatively affordable and accessible...
February 2017: Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27911284/different-types-of-exercise-in-multiple-sclerosis-aerobic-exercise-or-pilates-a-single-blind-clinical-study
#2
Bilge Kara, Fadime Küçük, Esra Coşkuner Poyraz, Melda Soysal Tomruk, Egemen İdıman
BACKROUND: The aim of our study is to examine effects of aerobic and Pilates exercises on disability, cognition, physical performance, balance, depression and fatigue in relapsing-remitting Multiple Sclerosis (MS) patients as compared to healthy controls. METHODS: The subjects were divided as aerobic exercise (n = 26), Pilates (n = 9), and the healthy control group (n = 21). We used MSFC, physical performance, Berg balance scale, Beck depression scale, fatique impact scale...
November 25, 2016: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27876507/exercise-induced-cytokine-changes-in-antigen-stimulated-whole-blood-cultures-compared-to-serum
#3
C Pilat, K Krüger, T Frech, F C Mooren
Strenuous exercise is followed by an elevation of many cytokines with inflammation regulating properties. Since most cytokines act at pico- or nanomolar concentrations many investigations failed to detect their concentrations in vivo. Hence, the aim of this study was to evaluate the significance of cytokine measurements (IL-1β, TNF-α, IL-1ra, IL-6, CCL2 and CXCL8) in a stimulated whole-blood culture (sWBC) compared to serum with respect to their exercise-induced kinetics and detection rates. 40 male volunteers (age: 25,5 ± 4,3 years, BMI: 24,00 ± 2,24, VO2peak: 46,9 ± 4,1 ml/kg x min) performed 60 minutes of intensive bicycle exercise (80% VO2peak)...
November 19, 2016: Journal of Immunological Methods
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27872868/minor-antigen-disparities-impede-induction-of-long-lasting-chimerism-and-tolerance-through-bone-marrow-transplantation-with-costimulation-blockade
#4
Sinda Bigenzahn, Ines Pree, Christoph Klaus, Nina Pilat, Benedikt Mahr, Elisabeth Schwaiger, Patrick Nierlich, Friedrich Wrba, Thomas Wekerle
Mixed chimerism and tolerance can be successfully induced in rodents through allogeneic bone marrow transplantation (BMT) with costimulation blockade (CB), but varying success rates have been reported with distinct models and protocols. We therefore investigated the impact of minor antigen disparities on the induction of mixed chimerism and tolerance. C57BL/6 (H2(b)) mice received nonmyeloablative total body irradiation (3 Gy), costimulation blockade (anti-CD40L mAb and CTLA4Ig), and 2 × 10(7) bone marrow cells (BMC) from either of three donor strains: Balb/c (H2(d)) (MHC plus multiple minor histocompatibility antigen (mHAg) mismatched), B10...
2016: Journal of Immunology Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27871030/the-impact-of-gender-on-treatment-effectiveness-of-body-psychotherapy-for-negative-symptoms-of-schizophrenia-a-secondary-analysis-of-the-ness-trial-data
#5
Mark Savill, Stavros Orfanos, Richard Bentall, Ulrich Reininghaus, Til Wykes, Stefan Priebe
Despite promising findings from small-scale studies suggesting that body psychotherapy may be an effective treatment for negative symptoms, these results were not replicated in a recent multisite trial. In this trial a far smaller proportion of women were recruited relative to earlier studies, which may be an issue given the gender mix of the sample evaluated has been found to affect trial outcomes in schizophrenia. Using data from our multisite trial, the interaction between gender and treatment allocation as a predictor of outcomes was examined in 275 participants (72 women and 203 men) randomised to either a body psychotherapy or Pilates group...
November 14, 2016: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27821970/effects-of-pilates-on-patients-with-chronic-non-specific-low-back-pain-a-systematic-review
#6
REVIEW
Hui-Ting Lin, Wei-Ching Hung, Jia-Ling Hung, Pei-Shan Wu, Li-Jin Liaw, Jia-Hao Chang
[Purpose] To evaluate the effects of Pilates on patients with chronic low back pain through a systematic review of high-quality articles on randomized controlled trials. [Subjects and Methods] Keywords and synonyms for "Pilates" and "Chronic low back pain" were used in database searches. The databases included PubMed, Physiotherapy Evidence Database (PEDro), Medline, and the Cochrane Library. Articles involving randomized controlled trials with higher than 5 points on the PEDro scale were reviewed for suitability and inclusion...
October 2016: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27816612/trapping-redox-partnerships-in-oxidant-sensitive-proteins-with-a-small-thiol-reactive-cross-linker
#7
Kristin M Allan, Matthew A Loberg, Juliet Chepngeno, Jennifer E Hurtig, Susmit Tripathi, Min Goo Kang, Jonathan K Allotey, Afton H Widdershins, Jennifer M Pilat, Herbert J Sizek, Wesley J Murphy, Matthew R Naticchia, Joseph B David, Kevin A Morano, James D West
A broad range of redox-regulated proteins undergo reversible disulfide bond formation on oxidation-prone cysteine residues. Heightened reactivity of the thiol groups in these cysteines also increases susceptibility to modification by organic electrophiles, a property that can be exploited in the study of redox networks. Here, we explored whether divinyl sulfone (DVSF), a thiol-reactive bifunctional electrophile, cross-links oxidant-sensitive proteins to their putative redox partners in cells. To test this idea, previously identified oxidant targets involved in oxidant defense (namely, peroxiredoxins, methionine sulfoxide reductases, sulfiredoxin, and glutathione peroxidases), metabolism, and proteostasis were monitored for cross-link formation following treatment of Saccharomyces cerevisiae with DVSF...
November 2, 2016: Free Radical Biology & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27815239/effect-of-pilates-exercise-for-improving-balance-in-older-adults-pedro-synthesis
#8
Marcia R Franco, Guilherme H D Grande, Susimary A T Padulla
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 4, 2016: British Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27814866/comparison-of-the-effect-of-different-modalities-of-physical-exercise-on-functionality-and-anthropometric-measurements-in-community-dwelling-older-women
#9
Ana Paula Sena Lomba Vasconcelos, Diogo Correia Cardozo, Alessandra Lamas Granero Lucchetti, Giancarlo Lucchetti
The present study aims to assess the effect of different modalities of physical exercises ("Functional Gymnastics"-FG, "Resistance Training"-RT and "Pilates combined with Hydrogymnastics"-PCH) on functional capacity and anthropometric measurements of 148 older women (60 years old or more). A comparative observational study was conducted. Functional and anthropometric measurements were assessed at baseline and after 16 weeks. All groups assessed showed significant changes between baseline and post-training. On the comparison of pre and post-training, differences in anthropometric measurements but not in functional test performance were found...
October 2016: Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27814862/the-effectiveness-of-pilates-on-balance-and-falls-in-community-dwelling-older-adults
#10
Sharon Josephs, Mary Lee Pratt, Emily Calk Meadows, Stephanie Thurmond, Amy Wagner
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to determine whether Pilates is more effective than traditional strength and balance exercises for improving balance measures, balance confidence and reducing falls in community dwelling older adults with fall risk. METHOD: Thirty-one participants with fall risk were randomly assigned to the Pilates group (PG) or the traditional exercise group (TG). Both groups participated in 12 weeks of exercise, 2 times/week for 1 h. RESULTS: There was significant improvement in the Fullerton Advanced Balance Scale for both the PG (mean difference = 6...
October 2016: Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27814860/comparison-between-static-stretching-and-the-pilates-method-on-the-flexibility-of-older-women
#11
Laís Campos de Oliveira, Raphael Gonçalves de Oliveira, Deise Aparecida de Almeida Pires-Oliveira
INTRODUCTION: Flexibility decreases with advancing age and some forms of exercise, such as static stretching and Pilates, can contribute to the improvement of this physical ability. OBJECTIVE: To compare the effects of static stretching and Pilates on the flexibility of healthy older women, over the age of 60 years. METHOD: Thirty-two volunteers were randomized into two groups (Static stretching or Pilates) to perform exercises for 60 min, twice a week, for three months...
October 2016: Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27807531/effect-of-a-16-week-pilates-exercise-program-on-the-ego-resiliency-and-depression-in-elderly-women
#12
Su Yeon Roh
This study aims to examine the effect of a 16-week Pilates exercise program on the ego resiliency and depression in elderly women. Before participating in Pilates exercise programs, researcher explained the purpose and the intention of the research to elderly women who were willing to participate in this research. A total of 148 elderly women agreed to participate in the program and they filled in ego resiliency and depression questionnaires. Then, the elderly participated in the 16-week Pilates exercise program and completed the same questionnaires afterwards...
October 2016: Journal of Exercise Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27799706/effects-of-8-weeks-of-mat-based-pilates-exercise-on-gait-in-chronic-stroke-patients
#13
SuYeon Roh, Ho Jong Gil, Sukhoon Yoon
[Purpose] The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of an 8-week program of Pilates exercise on gait in chronic hemiplegia patients and to determine whether or not it can be used for rehabilitation in postsrtoke patients. [Subjects and Methods] Twenty individuals with unilateral chronic hemiparetic stroke (age, 66.1 ± 4.4 yrs; height, 162.3 ± 8.3 cm; weight, 67.4 ± 12.3 kg) participated in this study and were randomly allocated equally to either a Pilates exercise group or a control group...
September 2016: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27771359/is-interferential-current-prior-to-pilates-exercises-more-effective-than-placebo-in-patients-with-chronic-non-specific-low-back-pain-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#14
Katherinne Ferro Moura Franco, Yuri Rafael Dos Santos Franco, Naiane Teixeira Bastos de Oliveira, Gisela Cristiane Miyamoto, Matheus Oliveira Santos, Richard Eloin Liebano, Cristina Maria Nunes Cabral
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether interferential current prior to Pilates exercises is more effective than placebo in patients with chronic non-specific low back pain. DESIGN: Two-arm randomized controlled trial, with blinded assessor, and six months follow-up. SETTING: Clinic of the School of Physical Therapy. PARTICIPANTS: The random sample consisted of 148 patients of both genders, with age between 18 and 80 and chronic non-specific low back pain...
October 19, 2016: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27750285/in-vivo-morphology-of-the-optic-nerve-and-retina-in-patients-with-parkinson-s-disease
#15
Anastasia Pilat, Rebecca J McLean, Frank A Proudlock, Gail D E Maconachie, Viral Sheth, Yusuf A Rajabally, Irene Gottlob
Purpose: To investigate optic nerve (ON) and macular morphology in patients with Parkinson's disease (PD) using spectral-domain optical coherence tomography (SD-OCT). Subjects: Twenty-five participants with PD (19 males and 6 females; mean age 60.79; SD ± 9.24) and 25 sex-, age-, ethnicity-, and refraction-matched healthy controls. Methods: A high-resolution SD-OCT device was used to acquire scans in 25 participants with PD (mean age 60.79; ± SD 9...
August 1, 2016: Investigative Ophthalmology & Visual Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27699263/incomplete-clonal-deletion-as-prerequisite-for-tissue-specific-minor-antigen-tolerization
#16
Nina Pilat, Benedikt Mahr, Lukas Unger, Karin Hock, Christoph Schwarz, Andreas M Farkas, Ulrike Baranyi, Fritz Wrba, Thomas Wekerle
Central clonal deletion has been considered the critical factor responsible for the robust state of tolerance achieved by chimerism-based experimental protocols, but split-tolerance models and the clinical experience are calling this assumption into question. Although clone-size reduction through deletion has been shown to be universally required for achieving allotolerance, it remains undetermined whether it is sufficient by itself. Therapeutic Treg treatment induces chimerism and tolerance in a stringent murine BM transplantation model devoid of myelosuppressive recipient treatment...
May 19, 2016: JCI Insight
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27695277/the-origins-of-western-mind-body-exercise-methods
#17
Jonathan Hoffman, C Philip Gabel
Background: Over recent decades, mind-body exercise methods have gained international popularity and importance in the management of musculoskeletal disorders. Objectives: The scope of this paper was to investigate: the origins of Western mind-body methods, their philosophies, exercises, and relationship with mainstream healthcare over the last two centuries. Major findings: Within a few decades of the turn of the 20th century, a cluster of mind-body exercise methods emerged from at least six pioneering founders: Checkley, Müller, Alexander, Randell, Pilates, and Morris...
November 2, 2015: Physical Therapy Reviews: PTR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27693691/muscle-activation-during-pilates-exercises-in-participants-with-chronic-nonspecific-low-back-pain-a-cross-sectional-case-control-study
#18
Naiane Teixeira Bastos de Oliveira, Sandra Maria Sbeghen Ferreira Freitas, Fernanda Ferreira Fuhro, Maurício Antônio da Luz, Cesar Ferreira Amorim, Cristina Maria Nunes Cabral
OBJECTIVE: To determine the amplitude of the electromyographic activity of trunk muscles during Pilates exercises in women with and without chronic low back pain (LBP). DESIGN: Case-control study. SETTING: University physical therapy clinic. PARTICIPANTS: Women (N=60) divided into an LBP group and a control group. INTERVENTIONS: Not applicable. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Amplitude of the electromyographic activity (root mean square values) of the gluteus maximus and external oblique muscles collected during 3 Pilates exercises: Shoulder Bridge performed on the mat, and Hip Roll and Breathing performed in equipment...
September 30, 2016: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27673268/poster-457-a-effect-of-pilates-exercise-program-on-people-with-chronic-low-back-pain
#19
Chen-Ya Yang, Yun-An Thai, Pi-Keng Wu, Sih-Ying Ho, Shih-Fong Huang
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2016: PM & R: the Journal of Injury, Function, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27633615/a-multimethod-investigation-into-physical-activity-in-midlife-women
#20
Sheila A Dugan, Kelly Karavolos, Elizabeth B Lynch, Chiquia S Hollings, Francis Fullam, Brittney S Lange-Maia, Lynda H Powell
BACKGROUND: Physical inactivity in midlife women is associated with increased intra-abdominal adipose tissue development. We describe an innovative multimethod study 1) to better understand barriers to physical activity (PA) and 2) engage midlife women to product test physical activities and identify local community-based providers and sustainable and fun PA experiences. METHODS: Formative research on PA barriers from the Chicago site SWAN ancillary study of midlife women was utilized to develop a pilot testing measure...
August 24, 2016: Journal of Physical Activity & Health
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