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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28934155/anti-inflammatory-phenolic-metabolites-from-the-edible-fungus-phellinus-baumii-in-lps-stimulated-raw264-7-cells
#1
Seulah Lee, Dahae Lee, Tae Su Jang, Ki Sung Kang, Joo-Won Nam, Hae-Jeung Lee, Ki Hyun Kim
The edible fungus Phellinus baumii Pilat (Hymenochaetaceae) has been used in Korean traditional medicines for strengthening health and prolonging life. An extract of the fruiting bodies of P. baumii was subjected to bioassay-guided fractionation based on its anti-inflammatory effects in lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-stimulated RAW264.7 cells. The resulting fractions were chemically investigated, leading to isolation of three phenolic compounds (1-3), a sesquiterpene (4), two steroids (5-6), a fatty acid (7), and a cerebroside (8)...
September 21, 2017: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28917361/immediate-effects-of-pilates-based-therapeutic-exercise-on-postural-control-of-young-individuals-with-non-specific-low-back-pain-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#2
Susana Lopes, Christophe Correia, Gonçalo Félix, Mário Lopes, Ana Cruz, Fernando Ribeiro
OBJECTIVES: Low back pain affects the person's ability to keep balance, especially in challenging conditions. The purpose of this study was to determine the immediate effects of Pilates exercises on postural sway and dynamic balance of young individuals with non-specific low back pain. DESIGN: Controlled laboratory design. SETTINGS AND MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Forty-six participants with non-specific low back pain were randomized to a Pilates (n=23, 10 males; age: 21...
October 2017: Complementary Therapies in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28905230/molecular-detection-of-anaplasma-platys-anaplasma-phagocytophilum-and-wolbachia-sp-but-not-ehrlichia-canis-in-croatian-dogs
#3
Doroteja Huber, Irena Reil, Sanja Duvnjak, Daria Jurković, Damir Lukačević, Miroslav Pilat, Ana Beck, Željko Mihaljević, Lea Vojta, Adam Polkinghorne, Relja Beck
The bacteria Anaplasma platys, Anaplasma phagocytophilum and Ehrlichia canis are tick-borne agents that cause canine vector-borne disease. The prevalence of these pathogens in South Eastern Europe is unknown with the exception of an isolated case of A. platys detected in a dog imported into Germany from Croatia. To gain a better insight into their presence and prevalence, PCR-based screening for these bacterial pathogens was performed on domesticated dogs from different regions of Croatia. Blood samples from 1080 apparently healthy dogs from coastal and continental parts of Croatia as well as tissue samples collected from 63 deceased dogs with a history of anaemia and thrombocytopenia were collected for molecular screening by an Anaplasmataceae-specific 16S rRNA conventional PCR...
September 14, 2017: Parasitology Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28878835/uterine-artery-doppler-flow-indices-in-pregnant-women-during-the-11-weeks-0-days-and-13-weeks-6-days-gestational-ages-a-study-of-168-patients
#4
Voicu Dascau, Gheorghe Furau, Cristian Furau, Cristina Onel, Casiana Stanescu, Liliana Tataru, Cristina Ghib-Para, Cristina Popescu, Luminita Pilat, Maria Puschita
OBJECTIVES: Uterine artery Doppler flow studies during the 11th and 14th week of pregnancy are important in the prediction of preeclampsia and intrauterine growth restriction in pregnant women as well as in the prevention thereof. METHODS: Our study on Doppler flow indices of the uterine arteries involved 168 patients examined in our clinic, with pregnancies ranging from 11 weeks + 0 days to 13 weeks + 6 days. RESULTS: There were 72 patients from 11 weeks + 0 days to 11 weeks + 6 days (42...
January 2017: Mædica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28878036/different-metabolic-routes-for-coniferaldehyde-and-sinapaldehyde-with-cinnamyl-alcohol-dehydrogenase1-deficiency
#5
Rebecca Van Acker, Annabelle Déjardin, Sandrien Desmet, Lennart Hoengenaert, Ruben Vanholme, Kris Morreel, Francoise Laurans, Hoon Kim, Nicholas Santoro, Cliff Foster, Geert Goeminne, Frédéric Legee, Catherine Lapierre, Gilles Pilate, John Ralph, Wout A Boerjan
In search for renewable energy sources, genetic engineering is a promising strategy to improve plant cell wall composition for biofuel and bioproducts generation. Lignin is a major factor determining saccharification efficiency and is therefore a prime target. Here, lignin content and composition were modified in poplar (Populus tremula×P. alba) by specifically downregulating CINNAMYL ALCOHOL DEHYDROGENASE1 (CAD1) by a hairpin-RNA-mediated silencing approach. These transgenic lines showed no biomass penalty despite a 10% reduction in Klason lignin content and severe shifts in lignin composition...
September 6, 2017: Plant Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28860095/effectiveness-of-exercise-programs-in-ankylosing-spondylitis-a-meta-analysis-of-randomized-controlled-trials
#6
REVIEW
Virginie Pécourneau, Yannick Degboé, Thomas Barnetche, Alain Cantagrel, Arnaud Constantin, Adeline Ruyssen-Witrand
OBJECTIVE: To assess the effectiveness of exercise programs on disease activity and function in ankylosing spondylitis (AS) by a systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials (RCTs). DATA SOURCES: Medline via PubMed and Cochrane Library. STUDY SELECTION: Reports of RCTs examining the effectiveness of exercise programs for AS published up to May 2017. DATA EXTRACTION: Outcomes were evolution of the Bath Ankylosing Spondylitis Disease Activity Index (BASDAI) and Bath Ankylosing Spondylitis Functional Index (BASFI) after the completion of exercise programs...
August 28, 2017: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28813003/self-assessment-of-antimicrobial-stewardship-in-primary-care-self-reported-practice-using-the-target-primary-care-self-assessment-tool
#7
Rebecca Owens, Leah Ffion Jones, Michael Moore, Dirk Pilat, Cliodna McNulty
Multifaceted antimicrobial stewardship (AMS) interventions including: antibiotic guidance, reviews of antibiotic use using audits, education, patient facing materials, and self-assessment, are successful in improving antimicrobial use. We aimed to measure the self-reported AMS activity of staff completing a self-assessment tool (SAT). The Royal College of General Practitioners (RCGP)/Public Health England (PHE) SAT enables participants considering an AMS eLearning course to answer 12 short questions about their AMS activities...
August 16, 2017: Antibiotics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28811786/examining-the-postural-awareness-and-flexibility-changes-in-physical-therapy-students-who-took-clinical-pilates-class
#8
Esra Atilgan, Devrim Tarakci, Fatma Mutluay
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to evaluate postural awareness and changes in posture and flexibility of students who took Clinical Pilates class as an elective course at the undergraduate level. METHODS: The study conducted from 2013-2016 included 98 students who took Clinical Pilates class at the Department of Physical Therapy and Rehabilitation, School of Health Sciences, Istanbul Medipol University, Turkey. The flexibility levels of the study participants were measured before and after the Clinical Pilates education using finger-to-floor test and modified Schober's test...
May 2017: Pakistan Journal of Medical Sciences Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28772336/the-effect-of-clinical-pilates-on-functional-movement-in-recreational-runners
#9
Anna Laws, Sean Williams, Cassie Wilson
Biomechanical imbalances and inefficient functional movements are considered contributing factors to running-related injuries. Clinical Pilates uses a series of exercises focused on retraining normal movement patterns. This study investigated whether a 6-week course of Clinical Pilates improves functional movement and thereby, potentially, reduces the risk of running-related injuries associated with movement dysfunction. A modified functional movement screen was used to analyze the functional movement ability of forty runners...
September 2017: International Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28771109/the-effects-of-the-pilates-training-method-on-balance-and-falls-of-older-adults-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-randomized-controlled-trials
#10
Noemi Moreno-Segura, Celedonia Igual-Camacho, Yéntel Ballester-Gil, María Clara Blasco-Igual, Jose María Blasco
Exercising with the Pilates method may be a beneficial treatment to improve balance and decrease the number of falls. To ascertain this, our search in 7 databases included 15 randomized controlled trials in which Pilates was the primary intervention. Participants were over 60 years of age; the outcomes were related to balance and falls. The Cochrane tool and PEDro scale were used to assess risk of bias and quality of individual studies. Current evidence supported the view that exercising with the Pilates method improves the balance of older adults with a high practical effect in terms of the dynamic (SMD=0...
August 3, 2017: Journal of Aging and Physical Activity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28769930/anti-interleukin-6-promotes-allogeneic-bone-marrow-engraftment-and-prolonged-graft-survival-in-an-irradiation-free-murine-transplant-model
#11
Nicolas Granofszky, Andreas M Farkas, Moritz Muckenhuber, Benedikt Mahr, Lukas Unger, Svenja Maschke, Nina Pilat, Raimund Holly, Mario Wiletel, Heinz Regele, Thomas Wekerle
Transfer of recipient regulatory T cells (Tregs) induces mixed chimerism and tolerance in an irradiation-free bone marrow (BM) transplantation (BMT) model involving short-course co-stimulation blockade and mTOR inhibition. Boosting endogenous Tregs pharmacologically in vivo would be an attractive alternative avoiding the current limitations of performing adoptive cell therapy in the routine clinical setting. Interleukin-6 (IL-6) potently inhibits Treg differentiation and its blockade was shown to increase Treg numbers in vivo...
2017: Frontiers in Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28757655/traditional-gymnastic-exercises-for-the-pelvic-floor-often-lead-to-bladder-neck-descent-a-study-using-perineal-ultrasound
#12
Kaven Baeßler, Bärbel Junginger
BACKGROUND: The aims of physiotherapy in stress incontinent women are to improve pelvic floor function and the continence mechanism including bladder neck support and urethral closure pressure. In Germany, traditional conservative treatment often includes gymnastic exercises with unclear effects on the bladder neck. The aim of this study was to sonographically assess bladder neck movements during selected exercises. METHODS: Fifteen healthy, continent women without previous vaginal births, who were able to voluntarily contract their pelvic floor muscels performed the shoulder bridge, the abdominal press, tiptoe and the Pilates clam exercises...
July 2017: Geburtshilfe und Frauenheilkunde
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28750996/corrigendum-to-the-effects-of-12-weeks-pilates-inspired-exercise-training-on-functional-performance-in-older-women-a-randomized-clinical-trial-j-bodyw-mov-ther-21-2017-251-258
#13
Natália Donzeli Vieira, Daniela Testa, Paula Cristine Ruas, Tânia de Fátima Salvini, Aparecida Maria Catai, Ruth Caldeira de Melo
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2017: Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28735829/comparative-effects-of-12-weeks-of-equipment-based-and-mat-pilates-in-patients-with-chronic-low-back-pain-on-pain-function-and-transversus-abdominis-activation-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#14
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
David Cruz-Díaz, M Bergamin, S Gobbo, Antonio Martínez-Amat, Fidel Hita-Contreras
BACKGROUND: Pilates method has been recommended for patients with chronic low back pain (CLBP) and the activation of transversus abdominis has been deemed to play an important role in the improvement of these patients. Nevertheless, the evidence of the activation of TrA in Pilates practitioners remains unclear. OBJECTIVE: To assess the effectiveness of 12 weeks of Pilates practice in disability, pain, kinesiophobia and transversus abdominis activation in patients with chronic nonspecific Low Back Pain...
August 2017: Complementary Therapies in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28730261/post-medication-stevens-johnson-syndrome-in-a-girl-hospitalized-for-a-norovirus-and-rotavirus-infection
#15
Simona Dumitra, LuminiŢa Pilat, Alina Iftode, Ozana Nicoleta Bălan, Carmen Ramona StănculeŢ, Elena Claudia Covaci, Alexandru Fica Mircea Onel, Carmen Nicoleta Crişan
Stevens-Johnson syndrome (SJS) is a cutaneous mucosal disorder characterized by extended necrosis and detachment of the epidermis affecting <10% of the body surface, caused by drugs or infections. The authors report a case of a girl with Depakine resistant epilepsy, who develops a SJS in the third week of introducing lamotrigine. The girl also presents an acute diarrheal disease with double viral etiology - rotavirus and norovirus. The clinical image comprises polymorphic erythematous maculopapular exanthema with vesicular and bullous elements, with ulcerations and desquamations at the level of the eyelids, mouth, anogenital area and tegument denuding at the level of the abdomen and limbs...
2017: Romanian Journal of Morphology and Embryology, Revue Roumaine de Morphologie et Embryologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28729171/exercise-therapy-in-juvenile-idiopathic-arthritis-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#16
REVIEW
Gregor Kuntze, Colleen Nesbitt, Jackie L Whittaker, Alberto Nettel-Aguirre, Clodagh Toomey, Shane Esau, Patricia K Doyle-Baker, Jena Shank, Julia Brooks, Susanne Benseler, Carolyn A Emery
OBJECTIVE: To conduct a systematic review to evaluate the efficacy of exercise interventions in improving outcomes across domains of functioning and disability in children and adolescents with juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA). DATA SOURCES: Seven electronic databases were systematically searched up to November 16, 2016. STUDY SELECTION: Original data, analytic prospective design, physical therapy-led exercise intervention evaluation, children and adolescents with JIA, and assessment of functional, structural, activity, participation, or quality of life outcomes...
July 18, 2017: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28712331/feasibility-and-efficacy-of-mat-pilates-on-people-with-mild-to-moderate-parkinson-s-disease-a-preliminary-study
#17
Jose Maria Cancela, Irimia Mollinedo-Cardalda, Carlos Ayán, Iris Machado de Oliveira
This pilot study aimed at assessing the feasibility and efficacy of a Mat Pilates program in people with mild-to-moderate Parkinson's disease (PD). The participants carried out a Mat Pilates program twice a week for 12 weeks. The Senior Fitness Test battery and the 39-item PD Questionnaire were used to assess the effects of the program on the participants' fitness level and quality of life. A total of 16 patients with mild-to-moderate PD volunteered for and finished the study. The Mat Pilates program proved to be feasible...
September 14, 2017: Rejuvenation Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28699115/non-cellulosic-polysaccharide-distribution-during-g-layer-formation-in-poplar-tension-wood-fibers-abundance-of-rhamnogalacturonan-i-and-arabinogalactan-proteins-but-no-evidence-of-xyloglucan
#18
Fernanda Trilstz Perassolo Guedes, Françoise Laurans, Bernard Quemener, Carole Assor, Véronique Lainé-Prade, Nathalie Boizot, Jacqueline Vigouroux, Marie-Claude Lesage-Descauses, Jean-Charles Leplé, Annabelle Déjardin, Gilles Pilate
RG-I and AGP, but not XG, are associated to the building of the peculiar mechanical properties of tension wood. Hardwood trees produce tension wood (TW) with specific mechanical properties to cope with environmental cues. Poplar TW fibers have an additional cell wall layer, the G-layer responsible for TW mechanical properties. We investigated, in two poplar hybrid species, the molecules potentially involved in the building of TW mechanical properties. First, we evaluated the distribution of the different classes of non-cellulosic polysaccharides during xylem fiber differentiation, using immunolocalization...
July 11, 2017: Planta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28689647/effectiveness-of-a-physical-activity-programme-based-on-the-pilates-method-in-pregnancy-and-labour
#19
Luciano Rodríguez-Díaz, Carlos Ruiz-Frutos, Juana María Vázquez-Lara, Jesús Ramírez-Rodrigo, Carmen Villaverde-Gutiérrez, Gema Torres-Luque
OBJECTIVE: To assess the effectiveness and safety of a physical activity programme based on use of the Pilates method, over eight weeks in pregnant women, on functional parameters, such as weight, blood pressure, strength, flexibility and spinal curvature, and on labour parameters, such as, type of delivery, episiotomy, analgesia and newborn weight. METHOD: A randomized clinical trial was carried out on pregnant women, applying a programme of physical activity using the Pilates method, designed specifically for this population...
July 6, 2017: Enfermería Clínica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28680563/effects-of-exercise-training-on-pulmonary-hemodynamics-functional-capacity-and-inflammation-in-pulmonary-hypertension
#20
REVIEW
Manuel J Richter, Jan Grimminger, Britta Krüger, Hossein A Ghofrani, Frank C Mooren, Henning Gall, Christian Pilat, Karsten Krüger
Pulmonary hypertension (PH) is characterized by severe exercise limitation mainly attributed to the impairment of right ventricular function resulting from a concomitant elevation of pulmonary vascular resistance and pressure. The unquestioned cornerstone in the management of patients with pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) is specific vasoactive medical therapy to improve pulmonary hemodynamics and strengthen right ventricular function. Nevertheless, evidence for a beneficial effect of exercise training (ET) on pulmonary hemodynamics and functional capacity in patients with PH has been growing during the past decade...
March 2017: Pulmonary Circulation
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