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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28098912/microrna-9-limits-hepatic-fibrosis-by-suppressing-the-activation-and-proliferation-of-hepatic-stellate-cells-by-directly-targeting-mrp1-abcc1
#1
Jie Sun, Huanying Zhang, Liying Li, Lianfeng Yu, Lifang Fu
Liver fibrosis is a chronic liver disease characterized by the proliferation and activation of hepatic stellate cells (HSCs) and excessive deposition of extracellular matrix (ECM). Research suggests that microRNAs (miRNAs) are a new type of regulator of liver fibrosis. In the present study, we investigated the role of microRNA-9 (miR-9) in the process of liver fibrosis, as well as the underlying mechanism of action. Downregulated levels of miR-9 were found in fibrotic liver tissues and activated HSCs as detected by qRT-PCR; whereas, expression of multidrug resistance‑associated protein 1 (MRP1/ABCC1) was upregulated in the fibrotic liver tissues and activated HSCs...
January 17, 2017: Oncology Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28098896/microrna-194-represses-glioma-cell-epithelial%C3%A2-to%C3%A2-mesenchymal-transition-by-targeting-bmi1
#2
Xi Zhang, Chunyan Wei, Jin Li, Jiali Liu, Jianqiang Qu
MicroRNA-194 (miR-194) is frequently dysregulated in many types of cancer. However, the function of miR-194 in glioma remains unknown. In the present study, we aimed to investigate the biological functions of miR-194 in glioma and the potential molecular mechanism of miR-194 involved in glioma progression. We found that miR-194 expression was significantly reduced in glioma specimens and cell lines, as detected by real-time quantitative polymerase chain reaction (RT-qPCR) analysis. The overexpression of miR-194 inhibited while the suppression of miR-194 promoted cell migration, invasion and epithelial mesenchymal transition (EMT) in glioma cells...
January 17, 2017: Oncology Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28098887/mirna%C3%A2-375-regulates-the-cell-survival-and-apoptosis-of-human-non%C3%A2-small-cell-carcinoma-by-targeting-her2
#3
Longqiang Cheng, Bingxiang Zhan, Peng Luo, Baolong Wang
micro (mi)‑RNAs are a class of small non‑coding RNAs that regulate gene expression by binding to the 3'‑untranslated region of mRNA, which may lead to mRNA degradation or transcription regulation. Previous studies indicated that miRNAs are important for the pathogenesis of human cancer. miR‑375 has been implicated in various tumor types; however, the biological activity in human non‑small cell lung carcinoma (NSCLC) cells remains to be fully elucidated. The purpose of the present study was to investigate the biological importance of miR‑375 in human NSCLC cells...
January 12, 2017: Molecular Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28098882/downregulation-of-microrna%C3%A2-34b-is-responsible-for-the-elevation-of-blood-pressure-in-spontaneously-hypertensive-rats
#4
Fan Yang, Haiyu Li, Youyou Du, Qiangwei Shi, Luosha Zhao
The present study aimed to identify the microRNA (miRNA) responsible for the development of primary hypertension, and examine the downstream signaling pathway, which mediates the effect of the miRNA. Reverse transcription‑quantitative polymerase chain reaction analysis was performed to identify which miRNA may be involved in the pathogenesis of hypertension. In silico analysis and a luciferase assay were used to validate the target of the selected miRNA, and miRNA mimics and small interfering (si)RNA of the target were transfected into smooth muscle cells to examine its effect on the biological activity of the cells...
January 16, 2017: Molecular Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28098870/mir-148a-increases-the-sensitivity-to-cisplatin-by-targeting-rab14-in-renal-cancer-cells
#5
Eun-Ae Kim, Tae Ghab Kim, Eon-Gi Sung, In-Hwan Song, Joo-Young Kim, Kyung-Oh Doh, Tae-Jin Lee
MicroRNA (miR) can exert various biological functions by targeting oncogenes or tumor suppressor genes in numerous human malignancies. Recent evidence has shown that miR-148a increases the drug sensitivity of various cancer cells. Herein, we show that ectopic expression of miR-148a induces apoptosis, reduces clonogenicity, and increases the sensitivity to TRAIL and cisplatin in renal cancer cells. The luciferase reporter assay showed that miR-148a negatively regulated ras-related protein 14 (Rab14) expression by binding to the miR-148a binding site in the 3' untranslated region (3'UTR) of Rab14...
January 17, 2017: International Journal of Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28098868/microrna-187-promotes-growth-and-metastasis-of-gastric-cancer-by-inhibiting-foxa2
#6
Cong Li, Sumei Lu, Yubin Shi
MicroRNAs (miRNAs) play an active role in the pathogenesis of gastric cancer. The expression and biological function for miR-187 in gastric cancer remains unknow. In the present study, we demonstrated that miR-187 expression was increased in gastric cancer (GC) tissues and cells. Increased expression level of miR-187 was associated with adverse clinical features including tumor size, lymph metastasis and TNM stage, and decreased overall survival and disease-free survival of GC patients. Functionally, overexpression miR-187 could promote while inhibition of miR-187 could suppress, the proliferation, migration and invasion of GC cells in vitro...
January 16, 2017: Oncology Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28098858/mir-345-inhibits-tumor-metastasis-and-emt-by-targeting-irf1-mediated-mtor-stat3-akt-pathway-in-hepatocellular-carcinoma
#7
Miao Yu, Huanzhou Xue, Yadong Wang, Quan Shen, Qingfeng Jiang, Xiao Zhang, Ke Li, Meng Jia, Jiangkun Jia, Jian Xu, Yuwei Tian
MicroRNAs (miRNAs) have been reported to play critical roles in tumor progression including hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). Thus, the underlying mechanisms need further investigation. Previous study reported that loss of miR-345 expression indicated a poor prognosis of HCC patients. This study evaluated whether loss of miR-345 could promote the tumor metastasis and epithelial-mesenchymal-transition (EMT) of HCC by targeting interferon regulatory factor 1 (IRF1)-mediated mTOR/STAT3/AKT signaling. Underexpression of miR-345 was identified in 65 cases of human HCC compared to matched tumor-adjacent tissues by qRT-PCR...
January 17, 2017: International Journal of Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28098756/detection-of-the-vascular-endothelial-growth-factor-with-a-novel-bioluminescence-resonance-energy-transfer-pair-using-a-two-component-system
#8
Tobias Wimmer, Eva Schroeter, Birgit Lorenz, Knut Stieger
In this paper we describe a two-component BRET (bioluminescence resonance energy transfer)-based method to detect vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) molecules in unknown samples as the basis for subsequent in vivo use. A luminescent VEGF binding molecule, which binds in the receptor binding motif of VEGF, is used as the energy donor, transferred to a fluorophore-coupled VEGF binding molecule (acceptor), which binds to the neuropilin binding motif of VEGF, thus enabling energy transfer from the donor to the acceptor molecule...
January 13, 2017: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28098403/mir-338-5p-promotes-inflammatory-response-of-fibroblast-like-synoviocytes-in-rheumatoid-arthritis-via-targeting-spry1
#9
Yan Yang, Yanfeng Wang, Qingwei Liang, Lutian Yao, Shizhong Gu, Xizhuang Bai
Our purpose is to study the roles of microRNA-338-5p (miR-338-5p) on the proliferation, invasion and inflammatory response of fibroblast-like synoviocytes (SFs) in rheumatoid arthritis patients by regulating SPRY1. The target relationship between miR-338-5p and SPRY1 was validated through luciferase reporter system. The expression of miR-338-5p and SPRY1 in synovial tissues and synovial cells were detected using RT-PCR and western blot. The mimics and inhibitors of miR-338-5p were transfected into SFs. MTT, Transwell and ELISA assays were used to analyze cell proliferation, invasiveness and the secreted extracellular pro-inflammatory cytokines (such as IL-1a, IL-6, COX2) levels of SFs...
January 18, 2017: Journal of Cellular Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28098340/inhibitory-effect-of-blue-light-emitting-diode-on-migration-and-invasion-of-cancer-cells
#10
Phil-Sun Oh, Hyun-Soo Kim, Eun-Mi Kim, Hyosook Hwang, Hyang Hwa Ryu, SeokTae Lim, Myung-Hee Sohn, Hwan-Jeong Jeong
The aim of this study was to determine the effects and molecular mechanism of blue light emitting diode (LED) in tumor cells. A migration and invasion assay for the metastatic behavior of mouse colon cancer CT-26 and human fibrosarcoma HT-1080 cells was performed. Cancer cell migration-related proteins were identified by obtaining a 2-dimensional gel electrophoresis (2-DE) in total cellular protein profile of blue LED-irradiated cancer cells, followed by matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization-time of flight (MALDI-TOF) analysis of proteins...
January 18, 2017: Journal of Cellular Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28098246/tryptophan-metabolite-activation-of-the-aryl-hydrocarbon-receptor-regulates-il-10-receptor-expression-on-intestinal-epithelia
#11
J M Lanis, E E Alexeev, V F Curtis, D A Kitzenberg, D J Kao, K D Battista, M E Gerich, L E Glover, D J Kominsky, S P Colgan
IL-10 is a potent anti-inflammatory cytokine that inhibits the production of proinflammatory mediators. Signaling by IL-10 occurs through the IL-10 receptor (IL-10R), which is expressed in numerous cell types, including intestinal epithelial cells (IECs), where it is associated with development and maintenance of barrier function. Guided by an unbiased metabolomics screen, we identified tryptophan (Trp) metabolism as a major modifying pathway in interferon-γ (IFNγ)-dominant murine colitis. In parallel, we demonstrated that IFNγ induction of indoleamine 2,3-dioxygenase 1, an enzyme that catalyzes the conversion of Trp to kynurenine (Kyn), induces IL-10R1 expression...
January 18, 2017: Mucosal Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28098218/the-role-of-mir-497-5p-in-myofibroblast-differentiation-of-lr-mscs-and-pulmonary-fibrogenesis
#12
Xiang Chen, Chaowen Shi, Cong Wang, Weilin Liu, Yanhong Chu, Zou Xiang, Kebin Hu, Ping Dong, Xiaodong Han
Idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF) is a chronic, progressive and fatal fibrotic lung disease characterized by profound changes in stem cell differentiation, epithelial cell phenotypes and fibroblast proliferation. In our study, we found that miR-497-5p was significantly upregulated both during myofibroblast differentiation of lung resident mesenchymal stem cells (LR-MSCs) and in the lung tissues of a pulmonary fibrosis model. In addition, as determined by luciferase assays and Western blot analysis, reversion-inducing cysteine-rich protein with kazal motifs (Reck) was identified to be one of the target genes of miR-497-5p, and Reck could suppress the expression of matrix metalloproteinase-2 (Mmp2) and Mmp9, which could activate latent transforming growth factor-β1 (TGF-β1)...
January 18, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28098181/profiling-single-guide-rna-specificity-reveals-a-mismatch-sensitive-core-sequence
#13
Ting Zheng, Yingzi Hou, Pingjing Zhang, Zhenxi Zhang, Ying Xu, Letian Zhang, Leilei Niu, Yi Yang, Da Liang, Fan Yi, Wei Peng, Wenjian Feng, Ying Yang, Jianxin Chen, York Yuanyuan Zhu, Li-He Zhang, Quan Du
Targeting specificity is an essential issue in the development of CRISPR-Cas technology. Using a luciferase activation assay, off-target cleavage activity of sgRNA was systematically investigated on single nucleotide-mismatched targets. In addition to confirming that PAM-proximal mismatches are less tolerated than PAM-distal mismatches, our study further identified a "core" sequence that is highly sensitive to target-mismatch. This sequence is of 4-nucleotide long, located at +4 to +7 position upstream of PAM, and positioned in a steric restriction region when assembled into Cas9 endonuclease...
January 18, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28097691/oilseed-rape-nac56-transcription-factor-modulates-reactive-oxygen-species-accumulation-and-hypersensitive-response-like-cell-death
#14
Qinqin Chen, Fangfang Niu, Jingli Yan, Bisi Chen, Feifei Wu, Xiaohua Guo, Bo Yang, Yuan-Qing Jiang
The NAC (NAM, ATAF1/2, CUC2) transcription factor gene family is plant-specific and plays diverse roles in development and responses to abiotic stresses and pathogen challenge. Oilseed rape (Brassica napus) or canola is an important oil crop worldwide, however, the function of NAC genes in it remains largely elusive. Here, we identified and characterized the NAC56 gene isolated from oilseed rape. Expression of BnaNAC56 was induced by abscisic acid (ABA), jasmonic acid (JA), methyl viologen (MV) and a necrotrophic fungal pathogen Sclerotinia sclerotiorum, but repressed by cold...
January 18, 2017: Physiologia Plantarum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28097000/biased-small-molecule-ligands-for-selective-inhibition-of-hiv-1-cell-entry-via-ccr5
#15
Christian Berg, Katja Spiess, Hans R Lüttichau, Mette M Rosenkilde
Since the discovery of HIV's use of CCR5 as the primary coreceptor in fusion, the focus on developing small-molecule receptor antagonists for inhibition hereof has only resulted in one single drug, Maraviroc. We therefore investigated the possibility of using small-molecule CCR5 agonists as HIV-1 fusion inhibitors. A virus-free cell-based fusion reporter assay, based on mixing "effector cells" (expressing HIV Env and luciferase activator) with "target cells" (expressing CD4, CCR5 wild type or a selection of well-described mutations, and luciferase reporter), was used as fusion readout...
December 2016: Pharmacology Research & Perspectives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28096162/impact-of-extended-artesunate-duration-on-parasitological-outcome-in-a-cytocidal-murine-malaria-model
#16
Leah A Walker, David J Sullivan
Artemisinin-based combination therapies are a key pillar in global malaria control and are recommended as a first-line Plasmodium falciparum treatment. They rely upon a rapid, 4-log reduction in parasitemia by artemisinin compounds with a short half-life and the killing of remaining parasites by a partner compound with a longer half-life. Current treatment guidelines stipulate giving three 24 hour interval doses or six 12 hour interval doses over a 3-day period. Due to the short half-life of artesunate and artemether, almost all of the resulting cytocidal activity is confined within a single 48 hour asexual P...
January 17, 2017: Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28095864/microrna-141-enhances-anoikis-resistance-in-metastatic-progression-of-ovarian-cancer-through-targeting-klf12-sp1-survivin-axis
#17
Celia S L Mak, Mingo M H Yung, Lynn M N Hui, Leanne L Leung, Rui Liang, Kangmei Chen, Stephanie S Liu, Yiming Qin, Thomas H Y Leung, Kai-Fai Lee, Karen K L Chan, Hextan Y S Ngan, David W Chan
BACKGROUND: Cancer metastasis is determined by the formation of the metastatic niche and the ability of cancer cells to adapt to microenvironmental stresses. Anoikis resistance is a fundamental feature of metastatic cancer cell survival during metastatic cancer progression. However, the mechanisms underlying anoikis resistance in ovarian cancer are still unclear. METHODS: Expressions of miRNA-141 and its downstream targets were evaluated by qPCR, Western blotting, Immunohistochemical (IHC) and in situ hybridization (ISH) assays...
January 17, 2017: Molecular Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28095798/mir-27b-inhibits-fibroblast-activation-via-targeting-tgf%C3%AE-signaling-pathway
#18
Xiangming Zeng, Chaoqun Huang, Lakmini Senavirathna, Pengcheng Wang, Lin Liu
BACKGROUND: MicroRNAs are a group of small RNAs that regulate gene expression at the posttranscriptional level. They regulate almost every aspect of cellular processes. In this study, we investigated whether miR-27b regulates pulmonary fibroblast activation. RESULTS: We found that miR-27b was down-regulated in fibrotic lungs and fibroblasts from an experimental mouse model of pulmonary fibrosis. The overexpression of miR-27b with a lentiviral vector inhibited TGFβ1-stimulated mRNA expression of collagens (COL1A1, COL3A1, and COL4A1) and alpha-smooth muscle actin, and protein expression of Col3A1 and alpha-smooth muscle actin in LL29 human pulmonary fibroblasts...
January 17, 2017: BMC Cell Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28095789/mirna-338-3p-cdk4-signaling-pathway-suppressed-hepatic-stellate-cell-activation-and-proliferation
#19
Bensong Duan, Jiangfeng Hu, Tongyangzi Zhang, Xu Luo, Yi Zhou, Shun Liu, Liang Zhu, Cheng Wu, Wenxiang Liu, Chao Chen, Hengjun Gao
BACKGROUND: Activated hepatic stellate cell (HSC) is the main fibrogenic cell type in the injured liver. miRNA plays an important role in activation and proliferation of HSC. METHODS: Our previous study examined the expression profiles of microRNAs in quiescent and activated HSC. Real-time PCR and western blot were used to detect the expression of Collagen type I (Col 1) and Alpha-Smooth Muscle Actin (α-SMA). CCK-8 and Edu assay was used to measure the proliferation rate of HSC...
January 17, 2017: BMC Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28095188/mir-148a-and-mir-17-5p-synergistically-regulate-milk-tag-synthesis-via-ppargc1a-and-ppara-in-goat-mammary-epithelial-cells
#20
Zhi Chen, Jun Luo, Shuang Sun, Duoyao Cao, Huaiping Shi, Juan J Loor
MicroRNA (miRNA) are a class of '18-25' nt RNA molecules which regulate gene expression and play an important role in several biological processes including fatty acid metabolism. Here we utilized S-Poly (T) and high-throughput sequencing to evaluate the expression of miRNA and mRNA during early-lactation and in the non-lactating ("dry") period in goat mammary gland tissue. Results indicated that miR-148a, miR-17-5p, PPARGC1A and PPARA are highly expressed in the goat mammary gland in early-lactation and non-lactating periods...
January 17, 2017: RNA Biology
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