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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28813934/a-hybrid-brain-machine-interface-based-on-eeg-and-emg-activity-for-the-motor-rehabilitation-of-stroke-patients
#1
Andrea Sarasola-Sanz, Nerea Irastorza-Landa, Eduardo Lopez-Larraz, Carlos Bibian, Florian Helmhold, Doris Broetz, Niels Birbaumer, Ander Ramos-Murguialday
Including supplementary information from the brain or other body parts in the control of brain-machine interfaces (BMIs) has been recently proposed and investigated. Such enriched interfaces are referred to as hybrid BMIs (hBMIs) and have been proven to be more robust and accurate than regular BMIs for assistive and rehabilitative applications. Electromyographic (EMG) activity is one of the most widely utilized biosignals in hBMIs, as it provides a quite direct measurement of the motion intention of the user...
July 2017: IEEE ... International Conference on Rehabilitation Robotics: [proceedings]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28813765/bronchiolitis-in-infants-and-children
#2
Alexandra Schaller, Carl S Galloway
Bronchiolitis is among the most common illnesses in infants and children, and is the most common cause for hospitalization in infants in the U.S. This illness can be caused by many viruses, most commonly respiratory syncytial virus. It is diagnosed clinically by history and physical exam findings, with a narrow role for ancillary testing. Management is supportive, with medications demonstrating limited utility in multiple studies. Preventive measures include hand hygiene, breastfeeding, avoiding tobacco smoke exposure, and isolation precautions for hospitalized patients...
June 2017: South Dakota Medicine: the Journal of the South Dakota State Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28813643/multi-connection-pattern-analysis-decoding-the-representational-content-of-neural-communication
#3
Yuanning Li, R Mark Richardson, Avniel Singh Ghuman
The lack of multivariate methods for decoding the representational content of interregional neural communication has left it difficult to know what information is represented in distributed brain circuit interactions. Here we present Multi-Connection Pattern Analysis (MCPA), which works by learning mappings between the activity patterns of the populations as a factor of the information being processed. These maps are used to predict the activity from one neural population based on the activity from the other population...
August 13, 2017: NeuroImage
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28813627/the-impact-on-resource-utilization-of-supportive-care-consults-on-patients-at-the-university-of-north-carolina-hospital-2010-2012
#4
Kristen Westfall, Dominic Moore, Matthew Meeneghan, Sandra Jarr, John Valgus, Stephen Bernard
BACKGROUND: Cancer patients have a high rate of emergency department (ED) visits and inpatient hospitalizations (IHs) that may be reduced by use of outpatient palliative care services. OBJECTIVE: To determine whether the outpatient adult palliative care service at the University of North Carolina (UNC) Hospital, begun in 2008, reduced the frequency of ED visits and IH during a two-year period. DESIGN: The charts of patients with lung cancer or head and neck cancer seen by the supportive care service from 2010 to 2011, and of a contemporaneous set of potential consults that were not seen, were retrospectively reviewed to determine the impact of this care delivery model...
August 16, 2017: Journal of Palliative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28813588/insight-to-the-thermal-decomposition-and-hydrogen-desorption-behaviors-of-nanh2-nabh4-hydrogen-storage-composite
#5
Ziwei Pei, Ying Bai, Yue Wang, Feng Wu, Chuan Wu
The light-weight compound material NaNH2-NaBH4 is regarded as a promising hydrogen storage composite due to the high hydrogen density. Mechanical ball-milling was employed to synthesize the composite NaNH2-NaBH4 (2/1 molar ratio), and the samples were investigated utilizing Thermogravimetric-differential thermal analysis-mass spectroscopy (TG-DTA-MS), X-ray diffraction (XRD) and Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR) analyses. The full-spectrum test (range of the ratio of mass to charge: 0-200) shows that the released gaseous species contain H2, NH3, B2H6 and N2 in the heating process from room temperature to 400 °C, and possibly the impurity gas B6H12 also exists...
August 16, 2017: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28813448/a-prospective-comparative-assessment-of-the-accuracy-of-the-fibroscan-in-evaluating-liver-steatosis
#6
Baek Gyu Jun, Won Young Park, Eui Ju Park, Jae Young Jang, Soung Won Jeong, Sae Hwan Lee, Sang Gyune Kim, Sang-Woo Cha, Young Seok Kim, Young Deok Cho, Hong Soo Kim, Boo Sung Kim, So Young Jin, Suyeon Park
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Recent studies have demonstrated the utility of the FibroScan® device in diagnosing liver steatosis, but its usefulness has not been thoroughly appraised. We investigated the usefulness of the controlled attenuation parameter (CAP) in detecting and quantifying liver steatosis. METHODS: A prospective analysis was applied to 79 chronic liver disease patients who underwent a liver biopsy, a FibroScan investigation, ultrasonography, and hepatic steatosis index (HSI)...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28813002/application-of-surfactant-micelle-entrapped-eugenol-for-prevention-of-growth-of-the-shiga-toxin-producing-escherichia-coli-in-ground-beef
#7
Tamra N Tolen, Songsirin Ruengvisesh, Thomas M Taylor
Beef safety may be compromised by O157 and non-O157 Shiga toxin-producing Escherichia coli (STEC) contamination. The capacity of surfactant micelles loaded with the plant-derived antimicrobial eugenol to reduce STEC on beef trimmings that were later ground and refrigerated for five days at 5 ± 1 °C was tested to determine their utility for beef safety protection. STEC-inoculated trimmings were treated with free eugenol, micelle-encapsulated eugenol, 2% lactic acid (55 °C), sterile distilled water (25 °C), or left untreated (control)...
August 16, 2017: Foods (Basel, Switzerland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28812473/implementation-of-a-pathway-for-the-treatment-of-fever-and-neutropenia-in-pediatric-patients-with-cancer
#8
Joy Vanderway, Catherine Vincent, Susan M Walsh, Jennifer Obrecht
Fever and neutropenia is an oncologic emergency. Time-to-antibiotics (TTA) refers to the amount of time from initial provider evaluation for fever and neutropenia to intravenous antibiotic administration. Research supports that rapid time-to-antibiotics (RTTA) is associated with improved patient outcomes. This quality improvement project evaluated the success of implementing an RTTA pathway in pediatric oncology patients with fever and neutropenia. The setting was an advanced practice nurse-managed pediatric ambulatory infusion center where patients with fever and neutropenia were often evaluated and treated...
September 2017: Journal of Pediatric Oncology Nursing: Official Journal of the Association of Pediatric Oncology Nurses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28812419/the-effects-of-exergaming-and-treadmill-training-on-gait-balance-and-cognition-in-a-person-with-parkinson-s-disease-a-case-study
#9
Srikant Vallabhajosula, Amy K McMillion, Jane E Freund
BACKGROUND: Parkinson's disease (PD) commonly impairs posture, gait, and cognition. Exercise in the form of aerobic activity as well as exergaming may improve motor ability and cognition in persons with PD. Exergaming and treadmill training can be a practical form of exercise within the home; however, there is minimal research on this combined multimodal intervention for persons with PD. OBJECTIVE: We investigated the effects of this combined intervention on cognition, balance, and gait in a person with PD through supervised lab sessions augmented by home-based sessions...
August 16, 2017: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28812382/can-elevated-lactate-and-ldh-produce-a-false-positive-enzymatic-ethanol-result-in-live-patients-presenting-to-the-emergency-department
#10
Nicholas Nacca, Michael J Hodgman, Kirselle Lao, Matthew Elkins, Michael G Holland
BACKGROUND: There have been allegations in the courtroom that elevated serum lactic acid in trauma victims can yield a falsely elevated serum ethanol assay. Most hospitals utilize an indirect method of ethanol measurement where a serum sample is added to a mix of alcohol dehydrogenase and oxidized nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide (NAD+). This allows any ethanol in the patient's serum to be metabolized to acetaldehyde, and in the process results in the reduction of NAD + to NADH. NADH is then measured using spectrophotometry...
August 16, 2017: Clinical Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28812374/an-evaluation-scheme-for-assessing-the-effectiveness-of-intersection-movement-assist-ima-on-improving-traffic-safety
#11
Kun-Feng Wu, Nashir Ardiansyah, Wei-Jyun Ye
OBJECTIVE: Intersection Movement Assist (IMA) has been recognized as one of the prominent countermeasures to reduce angle crashes at intersections, which constitute 22 percent of total crashes in the US. Utilizing vehicle-based sensors, vehicle-to-vehicle (V2░V), and vehicle-to-infrastructure (V2I) communications, IMA offers extended vision to provide early warning for an imminent crash. However, most of IMA related research implements their methods and strategies only in simulations, test tracks, or driving simulator studies that have quite a few assumptions and limitations, and hence the effectiveness evaluations reported may not be transferable or comparable...
August 16, 2017: Traffic Injury Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28812247/towards-robot-assisted-echocardiographic-monitoring-in-catheterization-laboratories-usability-centered-manipulator-for-transesophageal-echocardiography
#12
Christina Pahl, Henning Ebelt, Mostafa Sayahkaraji, Eko Supriyanto, Amiliana Soesanto
This paper proposes a robotic Transesophageal Echocardiography (TOE) system concept for Catheterization Laboratories. Cardiovascular disease causes one third of all global mortality. TOE is utilized to assess cardiovascular structures and monitor cardiac function during diagnostic procedures and catheter-based structural interventions. However, the operation of TOE underlies various conditions that may cause a negative impact on performance, the health of the cardiac sonographer and patient safety. These factors have been conflated and evince the potential of robot-assisted TOE...
August 15, 2017: Journal of Medical Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28812208/genetic-testing-in-inherited-heart-diseases-practical-considerations-for-clinicians
#13
REVIEW
Melanie Care, Vijay Chauhan, Danna Spears
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Genetic testing has become an important element in the care of patients with inherited cardiac conditions (ICCs). The purpose of this review is to provide clinicians with insights into the utility of genetic testing as well as challenges associated with interpreting results. RECENT FINDINGS: Genetic testing may be indicated for individuals who are affected with or who have family histories of various ICCs. Various testing options are available and determining the most appropriate test for any given clinical scenario is key when interpreting results...
August 16, 2017: Current Cardiology Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28812150/respiratory-complications-after-colonic-procedures-in-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease-does-laparoscopy-offer-a-benefit
#14
Sarath Sujatha-Bhaskar, Reza Fazl Alizadeh, Colette S Inaba, Christina Y Koh, Mehraneh D Jafari, Steven D Mills, Joseph C Carmichael, Michael J Stamos, Alessio Pigazzi
BACKGROUND: Patients with severe chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) are at a higher risk for postoperative respiratory complications. Despite the benefits of a minimally invasive approach, laparoscopic pneumoperitoneum can substantially reduce functional residual capacity and raise alveolar dead space, potentially increasing the risk of respiratory failure which may be poorly tolerated by COPD patients. This raises controversy as to whether open techniques should be preferentially employed in this population...
August 15, 2017: Surgical Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28811902/a-case-control-study-of-the-association-between-psychosocial-factors-and-the-occurrence-of-laryngeal-cancer
#15
Chao Wang, Guoliang Fan, Rui Xu, Jingting Wang, Lina Wang, Lu Zhang, Qiuying Li
The aim of the present study was to investigate the association between social psychological factors and the occurrence of laryngeal cancer. A 1:1 matched case-control study was conducted. The participants completed questionnaires that included general information, such as the Life Event Scale, the Social Support Rating Scale, and the Eysenck Personality Questionnaire (EPQ). Scores were compared between the groups using paired t-tests and Wilcoxon's signed-rank tests. No significant difference in the psychoticism scale of the EPQ was observed between the two groups (P>0...
September 2017: Molecular and Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28811897/impact-of-in-vitro-chemosensitivity-test-guided-platinum-based-adjuvant-chemotherapy-on-the-surgical-outcomes-of-patients-with-p-stage-iiia-non-small-cell-lung-cancer-that-underwent-complete-resection
#16
Yuki Akazawa, Masahiko Higashiyama, Kazumi Nishino, Jyunji Uchida, Toru Kumagai, Takako Inoue, Ayako Fujiwara, Toshiteru Tokunaga, Jiro Okami, Fumio Imamura, Ken Kodama, Hisayuki Kobayashi
The impact of in vitro chemosensitivity test-guided platinum-based adjuvant chemotherapy on the surgical outcomes of patients undergoing complete resection for locally advanced non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) has yet to be elucidated. In the present study, the utility of adjuvant chemotherapy based on the collagen gel droplet embedded culture drug sensitivity test (CD-DST) in patients with p (pathology)-stage IIIA NSCLC was retrospectively analyzed. A series of 39 patients that had received platinum-based adjuvant chemotherapy following complete resection between 2007 and 2012 were enrolled...
September 2017: Molecular and Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28811884/factors-contributing-to-the-accumulation-of-reproductive-isolation-a-mixed-model-approach
#17
Dean M Castillo
The analysis of large datasets describing reproductive isolation between species has been extremely influential in the study of speciation. However, the statistical methods currently used for these data limit the ability to make direct inferences about the factors predicting the evolution of reproductive isolation. As a result, our understanding of iconic patterns and rules of speciation rely on indirect analyses that have clear statistical limitations. Phylogenetic mixed models are commonly used in ecology and evolution, but have not been applied to studies of reproductive isolation...
August 2017: Ecology and Evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28811351/content-and-construct-validity-reliability-and-responsiveness-of-the-rheumatoid-arthritis-flare-questionnaire-omeract-2016-workshop-report
#18
Susan J Bartlett, Skye P Barbic, Vivian P Bykerk, Ernest H Choy, Rieke Alten, Robin Christensen, Alfons den Broeder, Bruno Fautrel, Daniel E Furst, Francis Guillemin, Sarah Hewlett, Amye L Leong, Anne Lyddiatt, Lyn March, Pamela Montie, Christoph Pohl, Marieke Scholte Voshaar, Thasia G Woodworth, Clifton O Bingham
OBJECTIVE: The Outcome Measures in Rheumatology (OMERACT) Rheumatoid Arthritis (RA) Flare Group was established to develop a reliable way to identify and measure RA flares in randomized controlled trials (RCT). Here, we summarized the development and field testing of the RA Flare Questionnaire (RA-FQ), and the voting results at OMERACT 2016. METHODS: Classic and modern psychometric methods were used to assess reliability, validity, sensitivity, factor structure, scoring, and thresholds...
August 15, 2017: Journal of Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28811030/targeted-analyte-deconvolution-and-identification-by-four-way-parallel-factor-analysis-using-three-dimensional-gas-chromatography-with-mass-spectrometry-data
#19
Nathanial E Watson, Sarah E Prebihalo, Robert E Synovec
Comprehensive three-dimensional gas chromatography with time-of-flight mass spectrometry (GC(3)-TOFMS) creates an opportunity to explore a new paradigm in chemometric analysis. Using this newly described instrument and the well understood Parallel Factor Analysis (PARAFAC) model we present one option for utilization of the novel GC(3)-TOFMS data structure. We present a method which builds upon previous work in both GC(3) and targeted analysis using PARAFAC to simplify some of the implementation challenges previously discovered...
August 29, 2017: Analytica Chimica Acta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28810995/chondrocyte-viability-after-a-simulated-blast-exposure
#20
K Aaron Shaw, Peter C Johnson, David Williams, Steven D Zumbrun, Richard Topolski, Craig D Cameron
OBJECTIVES: The effects of blast exposure have gained increasing interest in the military medical community with their continued occurrence on the battlefield. The impact of the direct and indirect energy imparted from blasts to hollow viscera, as well as closed head injuries, have been well studied. However, the injury to articular cartilage has not been investigated, despite previous correlations regarding the development of osteoarthritis. The purpose of this study was to assess the degree of injury to articular chondrocytes after exposure to a simulated blast overpressure wave...
July 2017: Military Medicine
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