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Retina, anterior chamber, iris, ciliary body

Ahmad Mirshahi, Alireza Lashay, Mohammad Reza Mehrabi Bahar, Mojtaba Abrishami
Background: Mitomycin C (MMC) as an alkylating agent is miscellaneous an antineoplastic, antibiotic and ophthalmic agent. Here we aim to report a case of inadvertent intravitreal MMC injection instead of Avastin in case of diabetic macular edema. Case presentation: A 53 years old woman was planned to receive intravitreal Avastin injection, but accidentally, 0.05 ml of MMC 0.2% was injected. Best corrected visual acuity (BCVA) was 20/160 before injection. After 2 days, patient was referred to a tertiary referral eye center...
2018: International Journal of Retina and Vitreous
Gerald Gough, Matthew Szapacs, Tejash Shah, Peter Clements, Craig Struble, Robert Wilson
Domain antibodies (dAb's) comprise the smallest functional unit of human IgG and can be targeted to a range of different soluble cytokine and receptor targets in the eye. In particular their small size may offer advantage for ocular tissue penetration and distribution. To investigate this we used a 13kDa tool molecule to undertake a preliminary short term ocular tissue distribution and pharmacokinetic study in the rabbit eye. The dAb was administered by the intravitreal or subconjunctival route or, as topical eye drops for up to five days and dAb concentrations measured in vitreous, aqueous, conjunctiva, choroid-RPE, retina, iris, sclera, and ciliary body...
February 2018: Experimental Eye Research
Wesal Bayoudh, Dörthe Carstesen, Peter Walter, Andreas W A Weinberger
PURPOSE: The management of chronic ocular hypotony and complicated proliferative vitreoretinopathy-related retinal detachment represents a challenge. Being non-absorbable and non-biodegradable, a silicone oil implant is expected to restore the volume and the intraocular pressure of the globe, as well as to approximate the detached retina. Further advantages could be a long-term tamponade potential, absence of toxicity, and prevention of silicone oil emulsification or anterior chamber oil-prolapse...
October 2017: Graefe's Archive for Clinical and Experimental Ophthalmology
Maria K Johansson, Kim Jäderkvist Fegraeus, Gabriella Lindgren, Björn Ekesten
BACKGROUND: The syndrome Multiple Congenital Ocular Anomalies (MCOA) is a congenital eye disorder in horses. Both the MCOA syndrome and the Silver coat colour in horses are caused by the same missense mutation in the premelanosome protein (PMEL) gene. Horses homozygous for the Silver mutation (TT) are affected by multiple ocular defects causing visual impairment or blindness. Horses heterozygous for the Silver mutation (CT) have less severe clinical signs, usually cysts arising from the ciliary body iris or retina temporally...
June 2, 2017: BMC Veterinary Research
Fei Li, Kai Gao, Xingyi Li, Shida Chen, Wenbin Huang, Xiulan Zhang
PURPOSE: To determine if the anterior choroid is involved in ocular change during the Valsalva manoeuvre (VM). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Fifty-three healthy volunteers aged 18-65 years with normal visual field test results and no history of intraocular pressure (IOP) exceeding 21 mm Hg were recruited. Anterior and posterior choroidal changes before and during VM were recorded by ultrasound microscope and swept-source optical coherence tomography, respectively. Parameters of the anterior segment included ciliary body thickness (CBT0), thickness of the choroid at a distance of 4 mm from the root of the iris (CT4), anterior placement of the ciliary body (APCB) and trabecular-ciliary angle (TCA)...
December 2017: British Journal of Ophthalmology
Tomoyuki Kunishige, Hiroko Taniguchi, Misao Terada, Hisaya Akiba, Hideo Yagita, Ryo Abe, Junko Hori
Purpose: The interaction between the inducible costimulatory molecule (ICOS) and ICOS ligand (ICOSL) has been implicated in the differentiation and functions of T cells. The purpose of the present study was to determine the role of ICOS-ICOSL in the immune privilege of corneal allografts. Methods: Expression of ICOS and ICOSL mRNA from mouse eyes was assessed by RT-PCR. Corneas of C57BL/6 mice were orthotopically transplanted into the eyes of ICOS-/- BALB/c recipients and BALB/c wild-type (WT) recipients treated with anti-ICOSL mAb, and graft survival was assessed...
December 1, 2016: Investigative Ophthalmology & Visual Science
Barbara Bogner, Falk Schroedl, Andrea Trost, Alexandra Kaser-Eichberger, Christian Runge, Clemens Strohmaier, Karolina A Motloch, Daniela Bruckner, Cornelia Hauser-Kronberger, Hans Christian Bauer, Herbert A Reitsamer
Aquaporins (AQPs) are important for ocular homeostasis and function. While AQP expression has been investigated in ocular tissues of human, mouse, rat and dog, comprehensive data in rabbits are missing. As rabbits are frequently used model organisms in ophthalmic research, the aim of this study was to analyze mRNA expression and to localize AQPs in the rabbit eye. The results were compared with the data published for other species. In cross sections of New Zealand White rabbit eyes AQP0 to AQP5 were labeled by immunohistology and analyzed by confocal microscopy...
June 2016: Experimental Eye Research
Francisco Assis de Andrade, Savio Henrique Serafini Fiorot, Eliezer Israel Benchimol, Jacqueline Provenzano, Vanessa Jandre Martins, Roger Abramino Levy
The eye is divided anatomically in three layers: an outer or fibrous layer (cornea/sclera), middle or vascular layer (uvea - iris, ciliary body, and choroid) and an inner or sensorineural layer (retina). They compose the several anatomic and functional layers that enable the immune protection of the eye. The first layer involves an intact anatomic border with the blood-ocular barrier and immunosuppressive neuropeptides in the native aqueous humor. The second layer trusts on the capability of the eye to reestablish an immunosuppressive micro-environment by activating latent TGF-β and reestablishing the anterior chamber-associated immune deviation...
March 2016: Autoimmunity Reviews
R Salgüero, V Johnson, D Williams, C Hartley, M Holmes, R Dennis, M Herrtage
Although ultrasound and MRI are the imaging modalities of choice for the investigation of ocular diseases, the eyes are included in routine CT examinations of the head and should be examined as part of the complete evaluation. This report describes the dimensions, volumes and densities of the normal canine globe in CT. Forty-four eyes were studied. The mean axial length of the globe was 2.09 cm and its mean volume was 4.65 cm(3). The mean anteroposterior distance of the anterior chamber was 0.4 cm and of the vitreous chamber was 0...
April 11, 2015: Veterinary Record
Virgilio Galvis, Alejandro Tello, Paul Valarezo, Angélica M Prada
We report a case of a 43-year-old patient with coloboma of the iris, zonule, ciliary body, choroid and retina in the right eye and pigment dispersion syndrome in the left eye. Considering the hypothesis of the pigment dispersion syndrome pathogenesis in which a difference of pressures in the anterior and posterior chambers creates a posterior convexity of the iris leading to reverse pupillary block, iris touch and consequently causing pigment dispersion, we suggest that the presence of an iris coloboma, by equalising the pressures in the two chambers, prevented the onset of syndrome in that eye...
2013: BMJ Case Reports
A Fukushima, H Ueno, H Taguchi, T Sawada, I Miyoshi
An animal model of HTLV-I associated uveitis was created. One rabbit developed bilateral uveitis 3,5 years after being injected with blood from an HTLV-I-infected rabbit. The proviral DNA of HTLV-I was detected by polymerase chain reaction and dot-blot hybridization in the aqueous humor of the anterior chamber and the vitreous body. Histopathological examination revealed marked corneal opacity with neovascularization and infiltration of inflammatory cells, mainly plasma cells, into the iris, ciliary body, and choroid...
1993: Ocular Immunology and Inflammation
Atilla Alpay, Sibel Bektas, Aysegul Alpay, Silay Canturk Ugurbas, Cenk Evren, Suat Hayri Ugurbas
PURPOSE: To investigate the histopathological changes due to administration of Ankaferd Blood Stopper(®) (ABS) into intraocular tissues by an anterior chamber and intravitreal injections. METHODS: Twenty Wistar albino rats were divided into four equal groups. Group 1 was injected 0.01 mL ABS into anterior chamber. Group 2 was injected intravitreal 0.02 mL ABS. Groups 3 and 4, which were used as controls, were injected into the anterior chamber and intravitreal 0...
June 2012: Cutaneous and Ocular Toxicology
Jun-hong Li, Zhe Dong, Ning-li Wang
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether matrix metalloproteinase (MMP) inhibitor can provide therapeutic effects for rabbits posterior capsule opacification in vivo and to observe the side effects of this drug on surrounding intraocular structures. METHODS: Experimental research. New Zealand white rabbits were undertaken phacoemulsification operation. GM6001 at different concentrations (100, 200 and 500 µmol/L) and GM6001 negative control liqueur were infused into the capsule bags of the rabbits at the end of operation and two days after the operation...
April 2011: [Zhonghua Yan Ke za Zhi] Chinese Journal of Ophthalmology
Xue-Qian Guo, Bei Tian, Zhi-Cheng Liu, Wen-Bin Wei, Yong Tao, Shi-Jie Sun, Yu Zhang
BACKGROUND: A satisfied glaucoma model is absent now. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of a combination of intracameral injection of silicone oil and electrocoagulation of corneal limbal vessels and episcleral veins in the rats to establish glaucoma model. METHODS: Operation was performed in each of the left eyes of 90 adult male rats. Right eyes were used as controls. Measurement of intraocular pressure (IOP) was performed with an applanation tonometer (Tono-Pen)...
January 2011: Chinese Medical Journal
Sharmila Masli, Jose L Vega
The eye is one of the immune privilege sites of the body that is consequently protected from the detrimental and potentially blinding influences of immunologic inflammation. Within the eye, the anterior chamber has been recognized for its immune privilege property for many years now; however, a similar property detectable in the subretinal space has only recently been appreciated. These ocular sites are not only equipped with specialized mechanisms that barricade local inflammatory responses, but also induce systemic regulatory immune response...
2011: Methods in Molecular Biology
Tomohiko Sasase
The Spontaneously Diabetic Torii (SDT) rat, a nonobese type 2 diabetes model, develops severe diabetic retinopathy as result of chronic severe hyperglycemia. Although existing diabetes animal models also develop ocular complications, severe retinal lesions frequently observed in human diabetes patients such as preretinal neovascularization or retinal detachment are not found. Distinctive features in SDT rat are hypermature cataract, tractional retinal detachment with fibrous proliferation, and massive hemorrhaging in the anterior chamber...
2010: Journal of Ophthalmology
Giselle Foureaux, Mizue Imoto Egami, Carlos Jared, Marta Maria Antoniazzi, Robson Campos Gutierre, Ricardo Luiz Smith
The rudimentary characteristic of the eyes of fossorial animals raises some questions regarding its evolution and functionality. Would these eyes result from atrophy or from stagnated development? How would its visual function work? Anatomical investigations of these organs are the fundamental preamble to answer those questions, which are still little explored by the literature. In this article we have studied anatomical aspects of the eyes of three species of fossorial reptiles, within the suborder Amphisbaena (Amphisbaena alba, Amphisbaena mertensi, Leposternon infraorbitale), as well as a species within the ophidian suborder (Typhlops brongersmianus)...
February 2010: Anatomical Record: Advances in Integrative Anatomy and Evolutionary Biology
Heather M Cathcart, Mark A Fields, Mei Zheng, Brendan Marshall, Sally S Atherton
PURPOSE: After uniocular anterior chamber (AC) inoculation with HSV-1, the anterior segment of the injected eye becomes inflamed and infected; however, virus does not spread from the anterior segment and infect the retina of the injected eye. The purpose of this study was to identify early infiltrating cells and to determine whether infiltrating cells produce interferon (IFN)gamma. METHODS: Euthymic, female, BALB/c mice were injected in one AC with 3 x 10(4) PFU of HSV-1 (KOS) in a volume of 2 microL...
May 2009: Investigative Ophthalmology & Visual Science
Takayo Watanabe, Hiroshi Keino, Yasuhiko Sato, Akihiko Kudo, Hayato Kawakami, Annabelle A Okada
PURPOSE: To investigate whether high mobility group box protein (HMGB)-1, acting as a novel proinflammatory cytokine, is involved in experimental autoimmune uveoretinitis (EAU). METHODS: HMGB-1 concentration was measured in aqueous humor, and serum was obtained from Lewis rats immunized with interphotoreceptor retinoid binding protein (IRBP) peptide (R14) and complete Freund adjuvant (CFA), rats immunized with CFA, and nontreated rats on day 14 after immunization...
May 2009: Investigative Ophthalmology & Visual Science
Suhail Al-Salam, Kais Algawi, Moueid Alashari
We present a 6-year-old child with intraocular and extraocular mass and high intraocular pressure. The tumor mass involved a disorganized anterior segment and extended through the medial cornea and sclera. A preliminary diagnosis of retinoblastoma with extraocular extension was made. An exenteration of the left globe and orbital tissue was performed. Histological examination showed that the lesion, which occupied the posterior chamber, involved the ciliary body, extending into the iris, sclera and cornea, projecting beyond the cornea anteriorly and extending to the retina posteriorly...
October 2008: Neuropathology: Official Journal of the Japanese Society of Neuropathology
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