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Geriatric care management

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28214194/orthogeriatric-activity-in-a-general-hospital-of-castilla-la-mancha-spain
#1
J M Fernández-Ibáñez, M C Morales-Ballesteros, E Crespo-Romero, S Gómez-Gómez, M D Fraga-Fuentes, J Cruz-Tejado, P A Hernández-Zegarra, Á Arias-Arias, M M García-Baltasar
AIM: To describe the orthogeriatric activity in the elderly with hip fractures in the Hospital Mancha Centro, based on the recommendations of the main guidelines. MATERIAL AND METHOD: Observational prospective study, comprising all patients over 65 years of age admitted to the Traumatology Unit with a hip fracture between April 2015 and December 2015. Patients were admitted under the care of the Traumatology Unit with cross-consultation carried out with the Geriatrics Department, which then carried out a pre-operative geriatric assessment and the post-operative follow-ups...
February 14, 2017: Revista Española de Cirugía Ortopédica y Traumatología
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28194812/detection-and-management-of-hyperactive-and-hypoactive-delirium-in-older-patients-during-hospitalization-a-retrospective-cohort-study-evaluating-daily-practice
#2
Eveline L van Velthuijsen, Sandra M G Zwakhalen, Wubbo J Mulder, Frans R J Verhey, Gertrudis I J M Kempen
OBJECTIVES: The objectives of the study are to study daily hospital practice regarding detection and management and to study hyperactive and hypoactive delirium of older patients during their hospitalization. METHODS: A retrospective cohort study evaluating care as usual for older hospitalized patients with delirium at Maastricht University Medical Center+, a university hospital in the Netherlands, was performed. Inclusion criteria were older hospitalized patients (65+ years), diagnosed with delirium between 1 January and 31 December 2014...
February 14, 2017: International Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28178398/delphi-survey-of-clinical-nursing-and-midwifery-research-priorities-in-the-eastern-mediterranean-region
#3
Carolyn Sun, Jennifer Dohrn, Arwa Oweis, Huda Abu-Saad Huijer, Fathieh Abu-Moghli, Hania Dawani, Cheherezade Ghazi, Elaine Larson
PURPOSE: As the shortage of nurses and midwives is expected to worsen in the Eastern Mediterranean region concomitantly with a growing focus on achievement of universal health coverage, nurses and midwives are expected to fill major gaps in health care. Hence, the need for a solid evidence base for nursing practice and a clear direction for clinical nursing research are paramount. Therefore, a Delphi survey was conducted to determine clinical (research focused on patient outcomes) nursing and midwifery priorities for research within this region...
February 8, 2017: Journal of Nursing Scholarship
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28174512/allergic-diseases-in-the-elderly-biological-characteristics-and-main-immunological-and-non-immunological-mechanisms
#4
REVIEW
Maria Teresa Ventura, Nicola Scichilone, Roberto Paganelli, Paola Lucia Minciullo, Vincenzo Patella, Matteo Bonini, Giovanni Passalacqua, Carlo Lombardi, Livio Simioni, Erminia Ridolo, Stefano R Del Giacco, Sebastiano Gangemi, Giorgio Walter Canonica
Life expectancy and the number of elderly people are progressively increasing around the world. Together with other pathologies, allergic diseases also show an increasing incidence in geriatric age. This is partly due to the growing emphasis on a more accurate and careful diagnosis of the molecular mechanisms that do not allow to ignore the real pathogenesis of many symptoms until now unknown, and partly to the fact that the allergic people from 20 years ago represent the elderly population now. Moreover, environmental pollution predisposes to the onset of allergic asthma and dermatitis which are the result of internal pathologies more than the expression of allergic manifestations...
2017: Clinical and Molecular Allergy: CMA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28156583/developing-a-supportive-oncology-program-in-a-cancer-institute-needs-assessment
#5
Tara Liberman, James D'Olimpio, Maria Carney
: 141 Background: Cancer patients experience significant symptom and psychosocial burden (Temel JS, et. al. N Engl J Med. 2010 Aug 19; 363(8):733-42. Early palliative care for patients with metastatic non-small-cell lung cancer.). Integration of supportive oncology programs within cancer centers has developed since the findings of Temel and Jackson. Addressing a growing need to manage patients comprehensively, the Northwell Health Divisions of Geriatric and Palliative Medicine and Hematology and Oncology partnered to initiate a community-based supportive oncology program...
October 9, 2016: Journal of Clinical Oncology: Official Journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28156541/contribution-of-polypharmacy-and-potentially-inappropriate-medication-use-to-inferior-survival-in-older-patients-with-aggressive-lymphoma
#6
Robin Guo, Daniel Jacob Becker, Michael L Grossbard, Catherine S Magid Diefenbach
: 129 Background: Survival outcomes for older patients with aggressive non-Hodgkin's lymphoma (NHL) are disproportionally inferior to those of younger patients. While differences in tumor biology may play a role, older patients are often frail with comorbidities, polypharmacy, and use potentially inappropriate medications (PIM). METHODS: Using Cox proportional hazard and logistic regression models, we retrospectively analyzed all aggressive NHL patients age 60 and older diagnosed and treated at our institution from 2009-2014 to examine the effect of polypharmacy and PIM use on progression-free survival (PFS), overall survival (OS), and treatment-related toxicities...
October 9, 2016: Journal of Clinical Oncology: Official Journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28141603/prevention-and-management-of-postoperative-delirium-in-elderly-patients-following-elective-spinal-surgery
#7
Alireza K Nazemi, Anirudh K Gowd, Jonathan J Carmouche, Stephen L Kates, Todd J Albert, Caleb J Behrend
STUDY DESIGN: This study is a systematic review. OBJECTIVE: Propose an evidence-based algorithm for prevention, diagnosis, and management of postoperative delirium in geriatric patients undergoing elective spine surgery. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Delirium is associated with longer stays after elective surgery, increased risk of readmission, and $6.9 billion annually in medical costs. Early diagnosis and treatment of delirium can reduce length of stay (LOS), in-hospital morbidity, and health care costs...
January 30, 2017: Clinical Spine Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28140454/geriatric-infectious-diseases-current-concepts-on-diagnosis-and-management
#8
Thomas T Yoshikawa, Dean C Norman
New information on infectious diseases in older adults has become available in the past 20 years. In this review, in-depth discussions on the general problem of geriatric infectious diseases (epidemiology, pathogenesis, age-related host defenses, clinical manifestations, diagnostic approach); diagnosis and management of bacterial pneumonia, urinary tract infection, and Clostridium difficile infection; and the unique challenges of diagnosing and managing infections in a long-term care setting are presented.
January 31, 2017: Journal of the American Geriatrics Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28139262/preventing-elder-abuse-and-neglect-in-geriatric-institutions-solutions-from-nursing-care-providers
#9
Tenzin Wangmo, Karin Nordström, Reto W Kressig
This study explores how and why abuse and neglect occurs in geriatric institutions and presents practical prevention measures. Exploratory qualitative interviews were carried out with purposive sample of 23 nursing staff members. They were recruited from different institutions caring for older patients in the north-western region of Switzerland. These interviews were analyzed using thematic analysis. Participating nursing staff members reported several factors pertaining to the care provider, the older patient, and the institution that precipitated abuse and neglect...
January 27, 2017: Geriatric Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28134674/clostridium-difficile-infection-an-orthopaedic-surgeon-s-guide-to-epidemiology-management-and-prevention
#10
Paul A Anderson, James Bernatz, Nasia Safdar
Clostridium difficile infection is a growing concern in health care and is a worrisome complication in orthopaedics. The incidence and severity of this infection are increasing, although the incidence following orthopaedic surgery is comparatively lower than that seen in patients in most other surgical specialties. The typical geriatric orthopaedic patient may have many risk factors that increase the likelihood of C difficile infection, including advanced age, residence in a long-term care facility, multiple comorbidities, the use of perioperative antibiotics, and a long length of stay...
March 2017: Journal of the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28130953/primary-care-collaborative-memory-clinics-building-capacity-for-optimized-dementia-care
#11
Linda Lee, Loretta M Hillier, Frank Molnar, Michael J Borrie
Increasingly, primary care collaborative memory clinics (PCCMCs) are being established to build capacity for person-centred dementia care. This paper reflects on the significance of PCCMCs within the system of care for older adults, supported with data from ongoing evaluation studies. Results highlight timelier access to assessment with a high proportion of patients being managed in primary care within a person-centred approach to care. Enhancing primary care capacity for dementia care with interprofessional and collaborative care will strengthen the system's ability to respond to increasing demands for service and mitigate the growth of wait times to access geriatric specialist assessment...
2017: Healthcare Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28129090/geriatric-education-utilizing-a-palliative-care-framework
#12
Beverly Lunsford, Laurie Posey
The dramatic growth of persons over 65 and the increased incidence of multiple, chronic illness has resulted in the need for more comprehensive healthcare. Geriatrics and palliative care are medical specialties pertinent to elderly, yet neither completely addresses the needs of older adults with chronic illness. Interprofessional faculty developed Geriatric Education Using a Palliative Care Framework (GEPaC) to teach an integrated approach to care. Interactive online modules use a variety of instructional methods, including case-based interactive questions, audio-visual presentations, reflective questions, and scenario-based tests...
January 27, 2017: Gerontology & Geriatrics Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28124819/characteristics-of-care-management-agencies-affect-expenditure-on-home-help-and-day-care-services-a-population-based-cross-sectional-study-in-japan
#13
Mei Feng, Ayumi Igarashi, Maiko Noguchi-Watanabe, Satoru Yoshie, Katsuya Iijima, Noriko Yamamoto-Mitani
AIM: The financial interests of care management agencies can affect how care managers assist clients' use of long-term care insurance services. The present study examined the relationship between clients' service expenditures, and whether the home help and day care service agencies belonged to the same organization as the care management agency. METHODS: Population-based data were obtained from a suburban municipality in Japan. We investigated 4331 persons with care needs certificates (levels 1-5), including those using home help (n = 1780) or day care (n = 2141) services...
January 26, 2017: Geriatrics & Gerontology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28120773/medication-reconciliation-a-tool-to-prevent-adverse-drug-events-in-geriatrics-medicine
#14
Anaïs Berthe, Clémentine Fronteau, Éloïse Le Fur, Caroline Morin, Jean-François Huon, Isabelle Rouiller-Furic, Marielle Berlioz-Thibal, Gilles Berrut, Aline Lepelletier
Iatrogenic effects represent a large part of emergency admissions among elderly people. Throughout the care pathway of a patient, whether he is at home or hospitalized, many different health professionals are involved regarding the patient's medication. Medication reconciliation is one way to prevent adverse drug events at all care transitions for every patient by eliminating undocumented intentional discrepancies and unintentional discrepancies in the patient's medication. The aim of this article is to present the different activities of clinical pharmacy developed since 2011 in a follow up and rehabilitation geriatric care service, including medication reconciliation activity...
January 23, 2017: Gériatrie et Psychologie Neuropsychiatrie du Vieillissement
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28117544/specialist-care-of-older-adults-with-hiv-infection-in-the-uk-a-service-evaluation
#15
F V Cresswell, T Levett
OBJECTIVES: There is a clear trajectory towards cohort ageing in the UK. HIV infection is associated with an increased prevalence of traditionally age-related comorbidities and geriatric syndromes. Some HIV services have been proactive in innovating models that cater for adapting needs. We aimed to describe how widespread this practice is and what form such services take. METHODS: We conducted an evaluation of the perceived need for and current provision of specialist ageing services, and the need for formal guidance on monitoring or treatment of older adults with HIV infection...
January 24, 2017: HIV Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28111755/nurse-and-medical-provider-perspectives-on-antibiotic-stewardship-in-nursing-homes
#16
Kezia Scales, Sheryl Zimmerman, David Reed, Anna Song Beeber, Christine E Kistler, John S Preisser, Bryan J Weiner, Kimberly Ward, Amy Fann, Philip D Sloane
OBJECTIVES: To examine perspectives on antibiotic use and antibiotic stewardship of nurses and medical providers in nursing homes (NHs). DESIGN: Cross-sectional survey. SETTING: NHs in North Carolina (N = 31). PARTICIPANTS: Nursing staff (n = 182) and medical providers (n = 50). MEASUREMENTS: Respondents completed a self-administered questionnaire about their perspectives on antibiotic use in their NH, the influence of residents and families on antibiotic prescribing decisions, and readiness to improve antibiotic stewardship...
January 2017: Journal of the American Geriatrics Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28106511/telementoring-primary-care-clinicians-to-improve-geriatric-mental-health-care
#17
Elisa Fisher, Michael Hasselberg, Yeates Conwell, Linda Weiss, Norma A Padrón, Erin Tiernan, Jurgis Karuza, Jeremy Donath, José A Pagán
Health care delivery and payment systems are moving rapidly toward value-based care. To be successful in this new environment, providers must consistently deliver high-quality, evidence-based, and coordinated care to patients. This study assesses whether Project ECHO(®) (Extension for Community Healthcare Outcomes) GEMH (geriatric mental health)-a remote learning and mentoring program-is an effective strategy to address geriatric mental health challenges in rural and underserved communities. Thirty-three teleECHO clinic sessions connecting a team of specialists to 54 primary care and case management spoke sites (approximately 154 participants) were conducted in 10 New York counties from late 2014 to early 2016...
January 20, 2017: Population Health Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28100176/effect-of-training-and-structured-medication-review-on-medication-appropriateness-in-nursing-home-residents-and-on-cooperation-between-health-care-professionals-the-intherakt-study-protocol
#18
Angelika Mahlknecht, Nadja Nestler, Ulrike Bauer, Nadine Schüßler, Jochen Schuler, Sebastian Scharer, Ralf Becker, Isabel Waltering, Georg Hempel, Oliver Schwalbe, Maria Flamm, Jürgen Osterbrink
BACKGROUND: Pharmacotherapy in residents of nursing homes is critical due to the special vulnerability of this population. Medical care and interprofessional communication in nursing homes are often uncoordinated. As a consequence, polypharmacy and inappropriate medication use are common and may lead to hospitalizations and health hazards. The aim of this study is to optimize communication between the involved professional groups by specific training and by establishing a structured medication review process, and to improve medication appropriateness and patient-relevant health outcomes for residents of nursing homes...
January 18, 2017: BMC Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28089304/management-of-prostate-cancer-in-elderly-patients-recommendations-of-a-task-force-of-the-international-society-of-geriatric-oncology
#19
REVIEW
Jean-Pierre Droz, Gilles Albrand, Silke Gillessen, Simon Hughes, Nicolas Mottet, Stéphane Oudard, Heather Payne, Martine Puts, Gilbert Zulian, Lodovico Balducci, Matti Aapro
CONTEXT: Prostate cancer is the most frequent male cancer. Since the median age of diagnosis is 66 yr, many patients require both geriatric and urologic evaluation if treatment is to be tailored to individual circumstances including comorbidities and frailty. OBJECTIVE: To update the 2014 International Society of Geriatric Oncology (SIOG) guidelines on prostate cancer in men aged >70 yr. The update includes new material on health status evaluation and the treatment of localised, advanced, and castrate-resistant disease...
January 11, 2017: European Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28078441/-palliative-care-in-nursing-homes-results-of-a%C3%A2-survey-about-knowledge-and-self-efficacy-of-nursing-staff
#20
O Kada, H Janig, G Pinter, K Cernic, R Likar
BACKGROUND: Nursing homes are confronted more and more with palliative care patients, which present a challenge for nursing and medical personnel. Deficits in the palliative care of geriatric patients have been repeatedly demonstrated and many nursing home residents, especially those suffering from dementia, are undersupplied regarding pain management. OBJECTIVES: The present study was carried out to measure the knowledge and self-efficacy of nursing staff in the province of Carinthia (Austria) regarding palliative care of nursing home residents...
January 11, 2017: Der Schmerz
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