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Synbiotic

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29432772/the-effects-of-synbiotic-supplementation-on-insulin-resistance-sensitivity-lipid-profile-and-total-antioxidant-capacity-in-women-with-gestational-diabetes-mellitus-a-randomized-double-blind-placebo-controlled-clinical-trial
#1
Zohoor Nabhani, Seyed Jamal Ghaemmaghami Hezaveh, Elham Razmpoosh, Mohammad Asghari-Jafarabadi, Bahram Pourghassem Gargari
AIMS: The role of gut microbiota in the management of diabetes is shown. In this randomized clinical trial we assessed the effects of synbiotic supplementation on insulin, lipid profile and antioxidative status among women with gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM). METHODS: Ninety pregnant women with GDM were randomly assigned into two groups to receive either a daily synbiotic capsule - consisting of L.acidophilus, L.plantarum, L.fermentum, L.Gasseri (1.5-7.0×10 9-10 CFU/g) - with fructooligosaccharide (38...
February 9, 2018: Diabetes Research and Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29425888/understanding-the-microbiome-emerging-biomarkers-for-exploiting-the-microbiota-for-personalized-medicine-against-cancer
#2
REVIEW
Meenakshi Rajpoot, Anil K Sharma, Anil Sharma, Girish Kumar Gupta
The human body is a home to more than 1 trillion microbes with a diverse variety of commensal microbes that play a crucial role towards the health of the individual. These microbes occupy different habitats such as gut, skin, vagina, oral etc. Not only the types and abundance of microbes are different in different organs, but also these may differ in different individuals. The genome of these microbiota and their ecosystem constitute to form a microbiome. Factors such as diet, environment, host genetics etc...
February 6, 2018: Seminars in Cancer Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29416857/glp1-and-gip-are-involved-in-the-action-of-synbiotics-in-broiler-chickens
#3
Pawel Antoni Kolodziejski, Maciej Sassek, Daniela Chalupka, Natalia Leciejewska, Leszek Nogowski, Pawel Mackowiak, Damian Jozefiak, Katarzyna Stadnicka, Maria Siwek, Marek Bednarczyk, Tomasz Szwaczkowski, Ewa Pruszynska-Oszmalek
Background: In order to discover new strategies to replace antibiotics in the post-antibiotic era in meat-type chicken production, two new synbiotics were tested: (Lactobacillus salivarius IBB3154 plus galactooligosaccharide (Syn1) and Lactobacillus plantarum IBB3036 plus raffinose family oligosaccharides (Syn2). Methods: The synbiotics were administered via syringe, using a special automatic system, into the egg air chamber of Cobb 500 broiler chicks on the 12th day of egg incubation (2 mg of prebiotics + 105 cfu bacteria per egg)...
2018: Journal of Animal Science and Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29416317/the-influence-of-prebiotic-or-probiotic-supplementation-on-antibody-titers-after-influenza-vaccination-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-randomized-controlled-trials
#4
Tzu-Lin Yeh, Pei-Ching Shih, Shu-Jung Liu, Chao-Hsu Lin, Jui-Ming Liu, Wei-Te Lei, Chien-Yu Lin
Background: Influenza infection is a common disease with a huge disease burden. Influenza vaccination has been widely used, but concerns regarding vaccine efficacy exist, especially in the elderly. Probiotics are live microorganisms with immunomodulatory effects and may enhance the immune responses to influenza vaccination. Methods: We conducted a systematic review and meta-analysis to determine the influence of prebiotics/probiotics/synbiotics supplementation on vaccine responses to influenza vaccination...
2018: Drug Design, Development and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29397805/effects-of-infant-formula-composition-on-long-term-metabolic-health
#5
M Lemaire, I Le Huërou-Luron, S Blat
Early nutrition may have long-lasting metabolic impacts in adulthood. Even though breast milk is the gold standard, most infants are at least partly formula-fed. Despite obvious improvements, infant formulas remain perfectible to reduce the gap between breastfed and formula-fed infants. Improvements such as reducing the protein content, modulating the lipid matrix and adding prebiotics, probiotics and synbiotics, are discussed regarding metabolic health. Numerous questions remain to be answered on how impacting the infant formula composition may modulate the host metabolism and exert long-term benefits...
February 5, 2018: Journal of Developmental Origins of Health and Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29389604/slow-digestible-colored-rice-flour-as-wall-material-for-microencapsulation-its-impacts-on-gut-bacterial-population-and-metabolic-activities
#6
Isara Wattananapakasem, Adele Costabile, Prisana Suwannaporn
Black waxy and red jasmine rice flour (6.5% and 18.7% amylose content, respectively) were modified using pullulanase followed by heat-moisture treatment (Hydrolyzed-HMT) to produce microcapsules that entrapped L. plantarum TISTR 1465. Hydrolyzed-HMT of colored rice flours showed restricted pasting properties, lower breakdown and higher thermal properties than native flour (p<0.05). Hydrolysis treatment was able to promote a low molecular weight starch that easily formed a crystalline structure after HMT...
January 2018: Food Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29388040/microbial-treatment-in-chronic-constipation
#7
REVIEW
Linsheng Huang, Qi Zhu, Xiao Qu, Huanlong Qin
Chronic functional constipation is a kind of common intestinal disease that occurs in children, adults and elderly people. This disease not only causes great influence to physiological function, but also results in varying degrees of psychological barriers. At present, constipation treatments continue to rely on traditional methods such as purgative therapy and surgery. However, these approaches can disrupt intestinal function. Recent research between intestinal diseases and gut microbiota has gradually revealed a connection between constipation and intestinal flora disturbance, providing a theoretical basis for microbial treatment in chronic constipation...
January 23, 2018: Science China. Life Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29385662/a-new-method-of-producing-a-natural-anti-bacterial-peptide-by-encapsulated-probiotics-internalized-with-inulin-nanoparticles-as-prebiotics
#8
Lian-Hua Cui, Chang-Guo Yan, Hui-Shan Li, Whee-Soo Kim, Liang Hong, Sang-Kee Kang, Yun-Jaie Choi, Chong-Su Cho
Synbiotics are a combination of probiotics and prebiotics, which lead to synergistic benefits in host welfare. Probiotics have been used as an alternative to antibiotics. Among the probiotics, Pediococcus acidilactici (PA) has shown excellent antimicrobial activity against Salmonella Gallinarum (SG) as a major poultry pathogen and has improved the production performances of animals. Inulin is widely used as a prebiotic for the improvement of animal health and growth. The main aim of this study is to investigate the effect of the antimicrobial activity of inulin nanoparticles (INs)-internalized PA encapsulated into alginate/chitosan/alginate (ACA) microcapsules (MCs) in future in vivo application...
February 1, 2018: Journal of Microbiology and Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29385263/an-integrative-review-on-the-effect-of-prebiotics-probiotics-and-synbiotics-on-infection-after-colorectal-cancer-surgery-1-7-www-aornjournal-org-content-cme
#9
Sarah Williams Anderson, Angela F Bazzell, Joyce E Dains
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2018: AORN Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29383302/a-synbiotic-infant-formula-with-high-magnesium-content-improves-constipation-and-quality-of-life
#10
Ioannis Xinias, Antonis Analitis, Antigoni Mavroudi, Ioannis Roilides, Maria Lykogeorgou, Varvara Delivoria, Vasilis Milingos, Mayra Mylonopoulou, Yvan Vandenplas
Purpose: To evaluate the efficacy of synbiotic formula with partial whey hydrolysate and high magnesium content in infants presenting with functional constipation. Methods: Sixty-five infants with functional constipation were included. Forty infants were treated during one month with parental reassurance and the intervention formula and were compared to a control group of 25 infants treated with parental reassurance only. Parents completed a quality of life (QoL) questionnaire at baseline and during the last week of the study...
January 2018: Pediatric Gastroenterology, Hepatology & Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29381385/influence-of-functional-food-components-on-gut-health
#11
Murphy L Y Wan, K H Ling, Hani El-Nezami, M F Wang
Intestinal epithelial cells (IECs) lining the gastrointestinal tract establish a barrier between external environments and the internal milieu. An intact intestinal barrier maintains gut health and overall good health of the body by preventing from tissue injury, pathogen infection and disease development. When the intestinal barrier function is compromised, bacterial translocation can occur. Our gut microbiota also plays a fundamentally important role in health, for example, by maintaining intestinal barrier integrity, metabolism and modulating the immune system, etc...
January 30, 2018: Critical Reviews in Food Science and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29350558/synbiotics-for-improved-human-health-recent-developments-challenges-and-opportunities
#12
Janina A Krumbeck, Jens Walter, Robert W Hutkins
Research on combining pro- and prebiotics as synbiotics to enhance human and animal health has accelerated in the past 10 years, including many clinical trials that have assessed a diverse range of synbiotic formulations. In this review, we summarize these studies as well as the commercial applications of synbiotics that are available. In particular, we critically assess the claimed health benefits of synbiotic applications and the ecological and therapeutic factors to consider when designing synbiotics and discuss the implications of these concepts for future research in this fiel Expected final online publication date for the Annual Review of Food Science and Technology Volume 9 is March 25, 2018...
January 18, 2018: Annual Review of Food Science and Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29340896/analysis-of-fecal-microbiota-in-patients-with-functional-constipation-undergoing-treatment-with-synbiotics
#13
Lin Sheng Huang, Cheng Kong, Ren Yuan Gao, Xuebing Yan, Hong Jing Yu, Bin Wen, Qi Zhu, Tong Yi Shen, Zhen Liang Sun, Huan Long Qin
This study was performed to identify changes to microbial composition after treatment with synbiotics in patients with functional constipation and to define the key microbiota in the pathogenesis of functional constipation. Fecal samples from 53 patients diagnosed with chronic functional constipation according to the Rome III criteria were analyzed using 16S rRNA sequencing. After treatment with synbiotics for 1 month, fecal samples were collected from 36 patients; after a total of 3 months, fecal samples were collected from 15 patients...
January 16, 2018: European Journal of Clinical Microbiology & Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29340655/effect-of-dietary-synbiotic-supplement-on-behavioral-patterns-and-growth-performance-of-broiler-chickens-reared-under-heat-stress
#14
A A Mohammed, J A Jacobs, G R Murugesan, H W Cheng
This study examined the effects of a dietary synbiotic supplement on the behavioral patterns and growth performance of broiler chickens exposed to heat stress (HS). Three hundred sixty 1-day-old male Ross 708 broiler chicks were distributed among 24 floor pens (15 chicks per pen); each pen was randomly assigned to one of 3 dietary treatments containing a synbiotic at 0 (control), 0.5 (0.5X) and 1.0 (1.0X) g/kg. From d 15 to 42, birds were exposed to HS at 32°C daily from 08:00 to 17:00. Five broiler chickens were randomly marked in each pen for behavioral observation...
January 11, 2018: Poultry Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29316965/decreased-microglial-activation-through-gut-brain-axis-by-prebiotics-probiotics-or-synbiotics-effectively-restored-cognitive-function-in-obese-insulin-resistant-rats
#15
Titikorn Chunchai, Wannipa Thunapong, Sakawdaurn Yasom, Keerati Wanchai, Sathima Eaimworawuthikul, Gabrielle Metzler, Anusorn Lungkaphin, Anchalee Pongchaidecha, Sasithorn Sirilun, Chaiyavat Chaiyasut, Wasana Pratchayasakul, Parameth Thiennimitr, Nipon Chattipakorn, Siriporn C Chattipakorn
BACKGROUND: Chronic high-fat diet (HFD) consumption caused not only obese-insulin resistance, but also cognitive decline and microglial hyperactivity. Modified gut microbiota by prebiotics and probiotics improved obese-insulin resistance. However, the effects of prebiotics, probiotics, and synbiotics on cognition and microglial activity in an obese-insulin resistant condition have not yet been investigated. We aimed to evaluate the effect of prebiotic (Xyloolidosaccharide), probiotic (Lactobacillus paracasei HII01), or synbiotics in male obese-insulin resistant rats induced by a HFD...
January 9, 2018: Journal of Neuroinflammation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29310610/pregnancy-outcomes-in-women-taking-probiotics-or-prebiotics-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#16
Alexander Jarde, Anne-Mary Lewis-Mikhael, Paul Moayyedi, Jennifer C Stearns, Stephen M Collins, Joseph Beyene, Sarah D McDonald
BACKGROUND: Probiotics are living microorganisms that, when administered in adequate amounts, confer a health benefit. It has been speculated that probiotics might help prevent preterm birth, but in two previous systematic reviews possible major increases in this risk have been suggested. Our objective was to perform a systematic review and meta-analysis of the risk of preterm birth and other adverse pregnancy outcomes in pregnant women taking probiotics, prebiotics or synbiotics. METHODS: We searched six electronic databases (MEDLINE, EMBASE, CINAHL, Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, Web of Science's Core collection and BIOSIS Preview) up to September 2016 and contacted authors for additional data...
January 8, 2018: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29303974/immune-mediated-mechanisms-of-action-of-probiotics-and-synbiotics-in-treating-pediatric-intestinal-diseases
#17
REVIEW
Julio Plaza-Díaz, Francisco Javier Ruiz-Ojeda, Mercedes Gil-Campos, Angel Gil
The pediatric population is continually at risk of developing infectious and inflammatory diseases. The treatment for infections, particularly gastrointestinal conditions, focuses on oral or intravenous rehydration, nutritional support and, in certain case, antibiotics. Over the past decade, the probiotics and synbiotics administration for the prevention and treatment of different acute and chronic infectious diseases has dramatically increased. Probiotic microorganisms are primarily used as treatments because they can stimulate changes in the intestinal microbial ecosystem and improve the immunological status of the host...
January 5, 2018: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29277839/effect-of-synbiotic-supplementation-in-children-and-adolescents-with-cystic-fibrosis-a-randomized-controlled-clinical-trial
#18
Maiara Brusco de Freitas, Emilia Addison Machado Moreira, Diane de Lima Oliveira, Camila Tomio, Julia Salvan da Rosa, Yara Maria Franco Moreno, Eliana Barbosa, Norberto Ludwig Neto, Vittoria Buccigrossi, Alfredo Guarino, Tânia Silvia Fröde
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Cystic fibrosis (CF) is characterized by excessive activation of immune processes. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of synbiotic supplementation on the inflammatory response in children/adolescents with CF. SUBJECTS/METHODS: A randomized, placebo-controlled, double-blind, clinical-trial was conducted with control group (CG, n = 17), placebo-CF-group (PCFG, n = 19), synbiotic CF-group (SCFG, n = 22), PCFG negative (n = 8) and positive (n = 11) bacteriology, and SCFG negative (n = 12) and positive (n = 10) bacteriology...
December 26, 2017: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29274963/short-communication-evaluation-of-5-different-elisa-for-the-detection-of-bovine-leukemia-virus-antibodies
#19
Alessa Kuczewski, Karin Orsel, Herman W Barkema, David F Kelton, Wendy A Hutchins, Frank J U M van der Meer
Although Canadian dairy herds have been infected with bovine leukemia virus (BLV) for years, recent research has put new emphasis on the potential negative effects of this infection. Consequently, BLV control is becoming more favorable; however, BLV control cannot be successful without identifying infected animals. Bovicheck BLV (Biovet, Saint-Hyacinthe, QC, Canada) is currently the only assay licensed by the Canadian Centre for Veterinary Biologics. The first goal of this study was, therefore, to determine the reproducibility of the Bovicheck BLV assay for serum samples derived from Canadian cattle...
December 20, 2017: Journal of Dairy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29260483/prophylactic-potential-of-synbiotic-lactobacillus-casei-and-inulin-in-malnourished-murine-giardiasis-an-immunological-and-ultrastructural-study
#20
Geeta Shukla, Anuj Sharma, Ruchika Bhatia, Mridul Sharma
Giardiasis is a re-emerging infectious disease with outbreaks reported globally specially in children and malnourished individuals leading to malabsorption, growth retardation, and severe diarrhea. Thus, in the present study, prophylactic administration of synbiotic as the functional food was used to assess its antigiardial potential in malnourished murine giardiasis. Interestingly, prior administration of synbiotic (Lactobacillus casei + inulin) even to malnourished-Giardia-infected mice led to increased body mass, small intestine mass, lactobacilli counts, and reduced severity of giardiasis as evident by decreased cyst and trophozoite counts...
December 19, 2017: Probiotics and Antimicrobial Proteins
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