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Foot and ankle surgery

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29035584/hybrid-fixation-for-ankle-fusion-in-diabetic-charcot-arthropathy
#1
Hani El-Mowafi, Mazen Abulsaad, Yasser Kandil, Ahmed El-Hawary, Samer Ali
BACKGROUND: Ankle fusion is difficult to achieve in the diabetic Charcot ankle Brodsky type 3a because of the poor quality of the bone and the inability to achieve a stable biomechanical construct. The aim of this study was to report the outcome of ankle fusion using a combination of an intramedullary nail and a circular external fixator in patients with diabetic Charcot arthropathy. METHODS: We prospectively studied 24 patients with diabetic Charcot arthropathy of the ankle who were treated by fusion of the tibiotalar joint using a combined retrograde intramedullary nail and Ilizarov external fixator...
October 1, 2017: Foot & Ankle International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29032485/endoscopic-plantar-fascia-release-via-a-suprafascial-approach-is-effective-for-intractable-plantar-fasciitis
#2
Wataru Miyamoto, Youichi Yasui, Shinya Miki, Hirotaka Kawano, Masato Takao
PURPOSE: To evaluate the medium-term clinical results of endoscopic plantar fascia release (EPFR) using a suprafascial approach for recalcitrant plantar fasciitis. METHODS: Twenty-four feet of twenty-three patients who underwent EPFR using a suprafascial approach were followed up for more than 2 years using the American Orthopedic Foot and Ankle Society (AOFAS) score. The AOFAS score at final follow-up was compared between patients who participated in athletic activity (group A) and those who were sedentary (group S) and between those with and those without calcaneal spur (group with CS and group without CS, respectively)...
October 14, 2017: Knee Surgery, Sports Traumatology, Arthroscopy: Official Journal of the ESSKA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29031012/the-role-of-diabetes-mellitus-and-bmi-in-the-surgical-treatment-of-ankle-fractures
#3
Riccardo Maria Lanzetti, Domenico Lupariello, Teresa Venditto, Matteo Guzzini, Antonio Ponzo, Angelo De Carli, Andrea Ferretti
BACKGROUND: Open reduction and internal fixation is the standard treatment for displaced ankle fractures. However, the presence of comorbidities such as diabetes mellitus and BMI is associated with poor bone quality, and these factors may predict the development of postoperative complications. The study aim was to assess the role of diabetes mellitus and BMI in wound healing in patients younger than 65 years who were surgically treated for malleoli fractures. METHODS: Ninety patients, aged from 18 to 65 years old, with surgically treated ankle fracture, were retrospectively enrolled...
October 14, 2017: Diabetes/metabolism Research and Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29027771/two-different-placement-paths-in-popliteal-fossa-with-a-novel-nerve-block-needle-with-external-indwelling-cannula-for-postoperative-analgesia-after-foot-and-ankle-surgery-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#4
Miao He, Dandan Ling, Guang-Yu Cai, Tian-Xiao Zou, Bin Yu
BACKGROUND: Previous studies have documented that single injection nearby the sciatic nerve bifurcation would influence the anesthesia and analgesia effect. But this is uncertain for preoperative continuous popliteal sciatic nerve block. So we conducted this trial to compare two paths (proximal to the bifurcation and at the bifurcation) of ultrasound guided continuous popliteal sciatic nerve block in foot and ankle surgery. METHODS: 40 recruited objects were randomly assigned to receive ultrasound-guided continuous popliteal sciatic nerve block at the puncture path proximal to the nerve bifurcation either at the nerve bifurcation...
October 12, 2017: Minerva Anestesiologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29022819/two-uses-of-the-smillie-knife-in-foot-and-ankle-surgery
#5
T J Holme, P Mahapatra, V Naidu
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 13, 2017: Annals of the Royal College of Surgeons of England
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29017475/reliability-validity-and-responsiveness-of-the-german-self-reported-foot-and-ankle-score-sefas-in-patients-with-foot-or-ankle-surgery
#6
Dariusch Arbab, Katharina Kuhlmann, Christoph Schnurr, Bertil Bouillon, Christian Lüring, Dietmar König
BACKGROUND: Patient-reported outcome measures are a critical tool in evaluating the efficacy of orthopedic procedures and are increasingly used in clinical trials to assess outcomes of health care. The intention of this study was to develop and culturally adapt a German version of the Self-reported Foot and Ankle Score (SEFAS) and to evaluate reliability, validity and responsiveness. METHODS: According to Cross Cultural Adaptation of Self-Reported Measure guidelines forward and backward translation has been performed...
October 10, 2017: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28992742/the-effect-of-peroneal-muscle-strength-on-functional-outcomes-after-the-modified-brostr%C3%A3-m-procedure-for-chronic-ankle-instability
#7
Byung-Ki Cho, Ji-Kang Park, Seung-Myung Choi, Nelson F SooHoo
BACKGROUND: Although the peroneal muscles are known to be the major dynamic lateral stabilizers of the ankle, little information is available regarding the change in muscle strength and relation with the outcomes after lateral ligament repair surgery. The purpose of this study was to identify the effects of peroneal strength on the validated functional outcome measures after the modified Broström procedure (MBP) for chronic ankle instability. METHODS: Forty-one patients (41 ankles) who underwent MBP using suture anchors were eligible and followed up to 2 years postoperatively...
October 1, 2017: Foot & Ankle International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28990838/3d-printing-calcaneal-fractures-continuously-improving-our-care-by-making-a-complex-problem-tangible
#8
Tim Schepers, Dominique Misselyn
Calcaneal fractures are amongst the most complex injuries known to man. Their intricate anatomy and extensive damage after trauma make them difficult to understand and treat. Most surgeons specialized in foot and ankle trauma agree that in most patients surgical managements yields the best result. Functional outcome is largely dependent on preventing complications and restoring anatomy. Reconstruction of height and suntalar joint congruency for example are both associated with improved outcome. Over the years insight in the complex (patho-)anatomy has increased...
October 9, 2017: Journal of Investigative Surgery: the Official Journal of the Academy of Surgical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28974346/retrospective-analysis-of-the-akin-osteotomy
#9
Steven M Douthett, Nathan K Plaskey, Lawrence M Fallat, John Kish
Hallux abductovalgus is one of the most common deformities addressed by foot and ankle surgeons. Surgically, it can be approached using a wide variety of procedures. After performing the first metatarsal osteotomy, the final step is often to realign the great toe in a rectus position. This is performed with an osteotomy of the proximal phalanx. The Akin osteotomy is a medially based closing wedge osteotomy of the proximal phalanx. When executing the osteotomy, the goal is not only to correct abduction, but also to keep the lateral cortex intact, which allows it to act as an additional point of fixation...
September 30, 2017: Journal of Foot and Ankle Surgery: Official Publication of the American College of Foot and Ankle Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28972286/foot-and-ankle-reconstruction-with-vertically-designed-deep-inferior-epigastric-perforator-flap
#10
Osman Akdag, Mehtap Karamese, Gokce Unal Yıldıran, Mustafa Sutcu, Zekeriya Tosun
INTRODUCTION: The deep inferior epigastric perforator (DIEP) flap is one of the most commonly utilized flaps of reconstructive surgery. Although the horizontal flap design is the most commonly used, this flap can be vertically designed to avoid drawbacks such as excessive tissue dissection, relatively reduced flap perfusion, and scarification of the contralateral flap opportunity. The aim of this report is to present our case series for foot and ankle reconstruction with vertical designed DIEP flap...
October 3, 2017: Microsurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28971693/prospective-evaluation-of-structural-allograft-transplantation-for-osteochondral-lesions-of-the-talar-shoulder
#11
Samuel B Adams, Travis J Dekker, Adam P Schiff, Christopher P Gross, James A Nunley, Mark E Easley
BACKGROUND: Structural or bulk osteochondral allograft transplantation for shoulder talar osteochondral lesions as a salvage procedure has demonstrated efficacy in several retrospective reviews. The purpose of this study was to evaluate prospectively patients who received fresh structural allograft transplantation to the talus. METHODS: Prospective evaluation of a consecutive series of patients who underwent fresh structural allograft transplantation for an osteochondral lesion of the talus (OLT) was performed...
September 1, 2017: Foot & Ankle International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28963162/the-association-of-body-mass-index-with-complications-and-functional-outcomes-after-surgery-for-closed-ankle-fractures
#12
MULTICENTER STUDY
K Stavem, M G Naumann, U Sigurdsen, S E Utvåg
AIMS: This study assessed the association of classes of body mass index in kg/m(2) (classified as normal weight 18.5 kg/m(2) to 24.9 kg/m(2), overweight 25.0 kg/m(2) to 29.9 kg/m(2), and obese ≥ 30.0 kg/m(2)) with short-term complications and functional outcomes three to six years post-operatively for closed ankle fractures. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We performed a historical cohort study with chart review of 1011 patients who were treated for ankle fractures by open reduction and internal fixation in two hospitals, with a follow-up postal survey of 959 of the patients using three functional outcome scores...
October 2017: Bone & Joint Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28961549/vertical-ground-reaction-forces-in-patients-after-calcaneal-trauma-surgery
#13
S van Hoeve, J Verbruggen, P Willems, K Meijer, M Poeze
INTRODUCTION: Vertical ground reaction forces (VGRFs) are altered in patients after foot trauma. It is not known if this correlates with ankle kinematics. The aim of this study was to analyze VGRFs in patients after calcaneal trauma and correlate them to patient-reported outcome measures (PROMs), radiographic findings and kinematic analysis, using a multi-segment foot model. In addition, we determined the predictive value of VGRFs to identify patients with altered foot kinematics. METHODS: Thirteen patients (13 feet) with displaced intra-articular calcaneal fractures, were included an average of two years after trauma surgery...
September 23, 2017: Gait & Posture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28957986/the-effect-of-obesity-on-surgical-treatment-of-achilles-tendon-ruptures
#14
Jamal Ahmad, Kennis Jones
INTRODUCTION: We conducted a retrospective comparison of surgical treatment outcomes for acute Achilles tendon ruptures in nonobese and obese patients. METHODS: Between October 2006 and April 2014, we studied 76 patients with acute midsubstance Achilles tendon rupture: 44 nonobese and 32 obese (body mass index >30 kg/m). Preoperative and postoperative function and pain were graded with the Foot and Ankle Ability Measure (FAAM) Sports subscale and the visual analog scale for pain, respectively...
September 27, 2017: Journal of the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28953163/the-effect-of-plantar-flexor-lengthening-on-foot-pressure-in-ambulatory-children-with-cerebral-palsy
#15
Oussama Abousamra, Joshua Schwartz, Chris Church, Nancy Lennon, John Henley, Tim Niiler, Freeman Miller
This study aimed to assess the effects of plantar flexor lengthening (PFL) on dynamic foot pressures of children with cerebral palsy using pedobarographs. Of 97 enrolled, 13 children with 18 legs had PFL. Age at surgery was 4.7 (2.8-8.8) years. A significant increase in ankle dorsiflexion and heel impulse was achieved postoperatively and was maintained at 5 years. The coronal plane pressure index increased postoperatively, but reverted to preoperative levels at the 5-year follow-up. Children tend to have more valgus after PFL...
September 25, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Orthopedics. Part B
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28950848/locking-compression-plate-distal-ulna-hook-plate-fixation-versus-intramedullary-screw-fixation-for-displaced-avulsion-fifth-metatarsal-base-fractures-a-comparative-retrospective-cohort-study
#16
Lin Xie, Xin Guo, Shu-Jun Zhang, Zhen-Hua Fang
BACKGROUND: Intramedullary screw (IMS) fixation was wildly used in fifth metatarsal base fractures (FMBFs) and the results were satisfactory. However, in the comminuted osteoporosis or small displaced avulsion FMBFs, anatomical reduction and stable fixation could not be achieved with IMS. The Locking Compression Plate (LCP) distal ulna hook plate fixation was a novel alternative fixation method. The aim of this retrospective cohort study was to determine if LCP distal ulna hook plate fixation resulted in improved outcomes compared to the traditional IMS fixation in displaced avulsion FMBFs...
September 26, 2017: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28947241/the-effect-of-smoking-on-the-outcomes-of-lateral-ankle-ligament-reconstruction
#17
Dong-Oh Lee, Joon-Sang Eom, Hong-Geun Jung
BACKGROUND: Although smoking is known to be harmful to the musculoskeletal system, no studies have investigated its effects on the outcomes of ankle ligament surgery. We determined the effects of smoking on the clinical and radiological outcomes of lateral ankle ligament reconstruction using tendon allografts according to smoking status. METHODS: From among 105 patients with chronic ankle instability who were treated with anatomical reconstruction of the anterior talofibular ligament and the calcaneofibular ligament using semitendinosus tendon allografts and bio-tenodesis screws, 70 ankles, from 23 smokers and 47 non-smokers, were analyzed...
September 22, 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic Science: Official Journal of the Japanese Orthopaedic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28933330/-short-term-results-of-surgical-treatment-of-patients-with-hallux-rigidus
#18
M Dygrýnová, M Uvízl, J Gallo
PURPOSE OF THE STUDY Hallux rigidus is common and degenerative arthritis of the first metatarsophalangeal joint. The aim of this study was to assess the results of cheilectomy and total joint replacement (TJR) in patients with hallux rigidus. Minimum duration of followup was 18 months. MATERIAL AND METHODS The study included fifty-nine patients who underwent surgery at our Department due to hallux rigidus between January 2013 and December 2014. Thirty-seven patients underwent cheilectomy and twenty-two patients had total joint arthroplasty using METIS®...
2017: Acta Chirurgiae Orthopaedicae et Traumatologiae Cechoslovaca
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28918661/comparable-postoperative-pain-levels-using-2-different-nerve-blocks-in-the-operative-treatment-of-displaced-intra-articular-calcaneal-fractures
#19
Siem A Dingemans, Kristian J de Ruiter, Merel F N Birnie, J Carel Goslings, Gan van Samkar, Tim Schepers
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to compare the postoperative pain levels in patients undergoing osteosynthesis of the calcaneus with either a popliteal nerve block or an ankle block. METHODS: A retrospective analysis of all consecutive patients undergoing operative fixation of a calcaneal fracture via a sinus tarsi approach between August 2012 and April 2017 in a single foot/ankle specialized center was performed. Single-shot popliteal blocks were placed using ultrasound guidance by an anesthesiologist while ankle blocks were placed by a foot/ankle specialized surgeon...
September 1, 2017: Foot & Ankle International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28918357/long-term-follow-up-after-tibialis-anterior-tendon-shortening-in-combination-with-achilles-tendon-lengthening-in-spastic-equinus-in-cerebral-palsy
#20
Michèle Kläusler, Bernhard Maria Speth, Reinald Brunner, Oren Tirosh, Carlo Camathias, Erich Rutz
Using Tibialis Anterior Shortening (TATS) in combination with Achilles Tendon Lengthening (TAL) to treat spastic equinus in children with cerebral palsy (CP) was described in 2011. Short-term results have indicated a good outcome, especially an improvement of the drop foot in swing phase and the correction of equinus in stance phase. The aim of this study was to analyse the results of the long-term follow-up and to determine the relapse rate of TATS and TAL. The kinematics of the sagittal, frontal and transversal planes were measured by using instrumented 3D gait analysis at three defined time points and then described using the Gait Profile Score (GPS) and Movement Analysis Profile (MAP)...
October 2017: Gait & Posture
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