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Foot and ankle surgery

Thierry Deltombe, Maxime Gilliaux, François Peret, Mie Leeuwerck, Delphine Wautier, Philippe Hanson, Thierry Gustin
BACKGROUND: Neuro-orthopaedic surgery is recognized as an effective treatment to improve walking capacity in case of spastic equinovarus foot. However, the effect of surgery on the 3 domains of the International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health (ICF) has never been studied. AIM: To assess the efficacy of the neuro-orthopaedic surgery for spastic equinovarus foot after stroke based on a goal-centered approach and on the 3 domains of the International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health (ICF)...
June 14, 2018: European Journal of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
Weishuai Lian, Xiaoxiao Hu, Long Pan, Shilong Han, Chuanwu Cao, Zhongzhi Jia, Maoquan Li
BACKGROUND: The goal of this study was to characterize the properties of human CD34+ cells in culture and investigate the feasibility and efficacy of CD34+ transplantation in a mouse model of limb ischemia and in patients with no-option critical limb ischemia. METHODS: Human CD34+ cells isolated from peripheral blood and grown in culture for up to four passages stained positively for the surface markers CD34 and CD133 and showed high viability after cryopreservation and recovery...
June 11, 2018: Journal of Clinical Laboratory Analysis
Pei-Wei Weng, Chih-Yu Chen, Yang-Hwei Tsuang, Jui-Sheng Sun, Chian-Her Lee, Cheng-Kung Cheng
Background: Various surgical techniques are available to reduce chronic instability of the lateral ankle ligament complex. The most effective method for these procedures remains controversial. This report presents a surgical technique that is similar to the Broström procedure and uses a modified, nonaugmented repair technique. Materials and Methods: 38 soldiers with a history of chronic lateral ankle instability and poor ankle function underwent plication of the anterior talofibular ligament-lateral capsule complex with transosseous fixation of the calcaneofibular ligament through a fibular bone tunnel between 2004 and 2007...
May 2018: Indian Journal of Orthopaedics
Tun Hing Lui
Ankle, hindfoot, and toe stiffness can result from hindfoot trauma. It can be due to capsular fibrosis, tendon adhesion, muscle fibrosis, or malunion. For symptomatic stiffness that is resistant to nonoperative treatment, operative treatment should be considered. It is important to tackle the sources of stiffness, and careful preoperative clinical assessment is the key for proper formulation of the surgical plan. Whenever possible, arthroscopic/endoscopic surgery is preferable to open surgery because less extensive dissection and small surgical incisions allow immediate vigorous mobilization of the foot and ankle...
May 2018: Indian Journal of Orthopaedics
Marcos Hideyo Sakaki, Rodrigo Sousa Macedo, Alexandre Leme Godoy Dos Santos, Rafael Trevisan Ortiz, Rafael Barban Sposeto, Túlio Diniz Fernandes
Background: Talar body and neck nonunions and malunions may undergo a reconstructive surgery when joint cartilage is still viable, and no talar collapse or infection has occurred. This is a rare condition and the studies supporting the procedure have small number of cases. The objective of the present study is to report a case series of six patients who underwent talar reconstructions. Materials and Methods: Six patients with talar malunions or nonunions who underwent surgical treatment were reviewed in this retrospective study...
May 2018: Indian Journal of Orthopaedics
S R Sundararajan, Abdul Azeem Badurudeen, R Ramakanth, Shanmuganathan Rajasekaran
Fractures of talar body are uncommon injuries often associated with fractures of other long bones and in polytraumatized patients. The integrity of the talus is essential for the normal function of the ankle, subtalar, and midtarsal joints. The relative infrequency of this injury limits the number of studies available to guide treatment. They occur as a result of high-velocity trauma and are therefore associated with considerable soft tissue damage. Axial compression with supination or pronation is the common mechanism of injury...
May 2018: Indian Journal of Orthopaedics
Sharad Prabhakar, Mandeep S Dhillon, Ankit Khurana, Rakesh John
Background: Minimally invasive surgery (MIS) has a significant and evolving role in the treatment of displaced intra articular calcaneal fractures (DIACFs), but there is limited literature on this subject. The objective was hence to assess the clinicoradiological outcomes of DIACFs fixed with an innovative open-envelope MIS technique. Materials and Methods: 42 closed Sanders Type 2 and 3; DIACFs were included in this study. The Open-envelope approach was developed, which is essentially a limited open, dual incision, modified posterior longitudinal approach allowing excellent visualisation and direct fragment manipulation...
May 2018: Indian Journal of Orthopaedics
Mohamed ElAttar, Ahmed El Naggar, Fahmy Fahmy Samir, Hossam Fathi
Background: Currently, correction of the first intermetatarsal angle associated with hallux valgus is done using two main categories of surgeries either a distal or a proximal first metatarsal osteotomy. The osteotomy-sparing technique using TigthRope ®device was developed to manage hallux valgus avoiding osteotomy complications. Our hypothesis was that osteotomy sparing technique using TightRope® implant would be suitable for moderate hallux valgus in young adult patients with strong larger bones giving good results with minimal complications...
June 2018: Journal of Orthopaedics
Roshen Borkar, James Rizkalla, Youngmin Kwon, Paul Salama, Maher Rizkalla
Diabetic foot ulcers are systemic diseases that affect all blood vessels within the human body. From major blood vessels to microvasculature, hardening, thickening, and narrowing of blood vessels ultimately results to diminished blood flow to end organs. The detrimental effects of peripheral vascular disease are well recognized across medicine, particularly with regards to diabetic foot ulcers. Diabetic foot ulcers (DFU) are common across all fields of medicine, including but not limited to: orthopedics, vascular surgery, podiatry, general internal medicine, and infectious disease...
June 2018: Journal of Orthopaedics
Yoshiharu Shimozono, Johanna C E Donders, Youichi Yasui, Eoghan T Hurley, Timothy W Deyer, Joseph T Nguyen, John G Kennedy
BACKGROUND: Uncontained-type osteochondral lesions of the talus (OLTs) have been shown to have inferior clinical outcomes after treatment with bone marrow stimulation. While autologous osteochondral transplantation (AOT) is indicated for larger lesions, no study has reported on the prognostic significance of the containment of OLTs treated with the AOT procedure. PURPOSE: To clarify the effect of the containment of OLTs on clinical and radiological outcomes in patients who underwent AOT for OLTs...
June 1, 2018: American Journal of Sports Medicine
Gerhard Kaufmann, Dietmar Dammerer, Felix Heyenbrock, Matthias Braito, Lorenz Moertlbauer, Michael Liebensteiner
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to compare a minimally invasive chevron osteotomy technique (MIS group) and the well-established open chevron technique (OC group) for correction of hallux valgus deformity. METHODS: Patients who were scheduled to undergo a hallux valgus surgery by means of a distal chevron osteotomy were randomly assigned to one of the two groups. Pre-operatively, six weeks, 12 weeks, and nine months post-operatively the following outcome parameters were determined: Visual Analog Scores (VAS) of pain, the American Orthopedic Foot and Ankle Society (AOFAS) forefoot score, radiographic outcome measures, range of motion (ROM), and patient satisfaction...
June 4, 2018: International Orthopaedics
S D Adib, T K Hauser, D C Engel, M Tatagiba, M Skardelly, K Ramina
BACKGROUND: Over-shunting associated myelopathy (OSAM) is a very rare complication of ventricular shunt therapy, and only 11 previous cases have been reported in the literature. We report the successful surgical management of a case of OSAM in a patient with bilateral jugular vein occlusion and congenital hydrocephalus. CASE DESCRIPTION: A 45-year-old-patient with shunt-dependent, congenital hydrocephalus presented with an 8-year history of progressive tetraparesis and gait disturbance in our department...
June 1, 2018: World Neurosurgery
Andrea Veljkovic, Murray Penner, Kevin Wing, Kaniza Zahra Abbas, Peter Salat, Johnny Lau, John E Femino, Phinit Phisitkul, Annunziato Amendola, Alastair Younger
BACKGROUND: Adverse events require consistent recording to determine the effect of alternate treatments. This study was undertaken to evaluate the Vancouver Foot and Ankle WNS complication scale to capture complications (W: wound, N: nerve, S: systemic) to assist in outcome recording. METHODS: Interrater reliability was tested in 2 settings: (1) between 2 blinded clinicians in a live clinical setting and (2) between 8 orthopedic surgeons using case vignettes based on a retrospective analysis of 500 foot and ankle procedures performed at the Toronto Western Hospital, Department of Orthopaedics...
June 1, 2018: Foot & Ankle International
Adam S Landsman
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2018: Clinics in Podiatric Medicine and Surgery
Thomas J Chang
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2018: Clinics in Podiatric Medicine and Surgery
Joel Ang, Chih-Kang David Liou, Harry P Schneider
Placental membrane grafts have long been used in the realms of wound care and ophthalmology to assist in the healing cascade. Recently, surgeons have started to implant placental membrane grafts in a wide variety of foot and ankle surgeries to take advantage of their many touted benefits. The application of placental membrane grafts for cases of lower extremity tendinopathy is detailed in this article.
July 2018: Clinics in Podiatric Medicine and Surgery
Jacques T YaDeau, Kara G Fields, Richard L Kahn, Vincent R LaSala, Scott J Ellis, David S Levine, Leonardo Paroli, Thuyvan H Luu, Matthew M Roberts
BACKGROUND: Neuraxial anesthesia is often viewed as superior to general anesthesia but may delay discharge. Comparisons do not typically use multimodal analgesics and nerve blockade. Combining nerve blockade with general anesthesia may reduce pain, opioid consumption, and nausea. We hypothesized that general anesthesia (with nerve blocks) would lead to earlier readiness for discharge, compared to spinal anesthesia (with nerve blocks). METHODS: All patients underwent ambulatory foot and ankle surgery, with a predicted case duration of 1-3 hours...
May 25, 2018: Anesthesia and Analgesia
Junfeng Zhan, Jialiu Fang, Jisen Zhang, Wendan Cheng, Hao Lü, Juehua Jing
Objective: To investigate the effectiveness of modified suture technique in the treatment of acute closed Achilles tendon rupture. Methods: Between December 2013 and December 2016, 29 cases with acute closed Achilles tendon rupture were treated with modified suture technique. There were 23 males and 6 females with an average age of 34 years (range, 22-45 years). All patients were sport injuries. The injury located at left side in 22 cases and right side in 7 cases...
August 1, 2017: Chinese Journal of Reparative and Reconstructive Surgery
Chunzhi Gao, Han Wu, Peng Xiao, Xuejian Wu
Objective: To evaluate the effectiveness of Ilizarov technique combined with soft tissue release and muscle strength balance in the treatment of spastic clubfoot in adolescents with cerebral palsy. Methods: A retrospective analysis of clinical data of 29 cases (33 feet) of cerebral palsy spastic clubfoot deformity conformed to the selection criteria between June 2011 and September 2016. Among them, 17 were male (20 feet) and 12 were female (13 feet) with an age range from 13 to 28 years (mean, 17...
February 1, 2018: Chinese Journal of Reparative and Reconstructive Surgery
Ji Hua Xu, Shi-Li Ding, Bo Chen, Shou-Cheng Wu
The aim of the present study was to develop a method which can solve the problem of partial tearing of the Achilles tendon insertion caused by the debridement for Haglund's syndrome using endoscopy-assisted percutaneous repair. Seven patients with Haglund's syndrome were prospectively recruited. All 7 patients (3 female, 4 male) had intratendinous calcifications. Preoperative diagnosis was made according to the clinical symptoms and diagnosis, medical examination results, plain film radiographs, and magnetic resonance imaging...
June 2018: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
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