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Preconception

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28104326/experiences-of-parish-nurses-in-providing-diabetes-education-and-preconception-counseling-to-women-with-diabetes
#1
Jessica A Devido, Willa M Doswell, Betty J Braxter, Diane L Spatz, Janice S Dorman, Martha Ann Terry, Denise Charron-Prochownik
OBJECTIVE: To explore the role and experiences of the parish nurse in providing diabetes education and preconception counseling to women with diabetes. DESIGN: Mixed-methods concurrent embedded design. SETTING: Focus groups of community-based parish nurses accessed from a regional database (Pennsylvania, Florida, Ohio, New York, Arizona, and Minnesota). PARTICIPANTS: Forty-eight parish nurses recruited from the Parish Nurse and Health Ministry Program database in Western Pennsylvania...
January 16, 2017: Journal of Obstetric, Gynecologic, and Neonatal Nursing: JOGNN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28104242/preconception-stress-and-the-secondary-sex-ratio-in-a-population-based-preconception-cohort
#2
Jisuk Bae, Courtney D Lynch, Sungduk Kim, Rajeshwari Sundaram, Katherine J Sapra, Germaine M Buck Louis
OBJECTIVE: To examine the association between preconception parental stress and the secondary sex ratio, defined as the ratio of males to females at birth. DESIGN: A population-based preconception cohort. SETTING: Not applicable. PATIENT(S): A total of 235 couples who were enrolled before conception in Michigan and Texas between 2005 and 2009 and who had a singleton birth during the follow-up period. Couples were interviewed separately at baseline to obtain information on perceived stress (Cohen's Perceived Stress Scale) and lifetime history of physician-diagnosed anxiety and/or mood disorders...
January 16, 2017: Fertility and Sterility
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28103463/-uterine-rupture-at-18-weeks-of-pregnancy-in-the-context-of-malformed-uterus
#3
Emídio Vale-Fernandes, Neusa Teixeira, Alexandra Cadilhe, Maria José Rocha
Birth defects of the female genital tract are relatively common and often asymptomatic. Despite the pregnancy outcome can be favorable, adverse obstetric outcomes are described in women with uterine malformations. The authors report the case of an obstetric emergency which enhances the possibility of a very adverse and rare outcome of uterine rupture in a left hemi-cavity of a bicornuate uterus away from the term, at 18 weeks of pregnancy, in a pregnant woman with history of caesarean in the right hemi-cavity and with placenta increta...
October 2016: Acta Médica Portuguesa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28102992/environmental-factors-associated-with-autism-spectrum-disorder-a-scoping-review-for-the-years-2003-2013
#4
M Ng, J G de Montigny, M Ofner, M T Do
INTRODUCTION: The number of children diagnosed with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) has been rapidly rising in the past decade. The etiology of this disorder, however, is largely unknown, although the environmental relative to the genetic contribution is substantial. We conducted a scoping review to comprehensively assess the current state of knowledge of the environmental factors present from preconception to early life associated with ASD, and to identify research gaps. METHODS: We searched electronic databases MEDLINE, PsycINFO and ERIC for articles on potential risk factors or protective factors from the physical and social environments associated with ASD and its subclassifications published between 1 January, 2003, and 12 July, 2013...
January 2017: Health Promotion and Chronic Disease Prevention in Canada
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28097838/bullying-at-school-agreement-between-caregivers-and-children-s-perception
#5
Lucas G Durán, Jordán C Scherñuk Schroh, Estefanía P Panizoni, Ezequiel F Jouglard, M Gabriela Serralunga, M Eugenia Esandi
INTRODUCTION: Bullying at school is usually kept secret from adults, making them unaware of the situation. OBJECTIVE: To describe caregivers' and children's perception and assess their agreement in terms of bullying situations. METHODS: Cross-sectional study in children aged 8-12 years old attending public schools and their caregivers. The questionnaire on preconceptions of intimidation and bullying among peers (PRECONCIMEI) (child/caregiver version) was used...
1, 2017: Archivos Argentinos de Pediatría
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28079899/genome-sequencing-and-carrier-testing-decisions-on-categorization-and-whether-to-disclose-results-of-carrier-testing
#6
Patricia Himes, Tia L Kauffman, Kristin R Muessig, Laura M Amendola, Jonathan S Berg, Michael O Dorschner, Marian Gilmore, Deborah A Nickerson, Jacob A Reiss, C Sue Richards, Alan F Rope, Dana K Simpson, Benjamin S Wilfond, Gail P Jarvik, Katrina A B Goddard
PURPOSE: We investigated the use of genome sequencing for preconception carrier testing. Genome sequencing could identify one or more of thousands of X-linked or autosomal recessive conditions that could be disclosed during preconception or prenatal counseling. Therefore, a framework that helps both clinicians and patients understand the possible range of findings is needed to respect patient preferences by ensuring that information about only the desired types of genetic conditions are provided to a given patient...
January 12, 2017: Genetics in Medicine: Official Journal of the American College of Medical Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28078529/rethinking-preconception-care-a-critical-women-s-health-perspective
#7
Erika L Thompson, Coralia Vázquez-Otero, Cheryl A Vamos, Stephanie L Marhefka, Nolan S Kline, Ellen M Daley
Objectives Preconception care aims to provide care to reproductive aged individuals in order to improve pregnancy and birth outcomes. Given that preconception care is a public health priority, it is important to evaluate the evolution of this health paradigm and the promotion of preconception messages that are obtained by the public. We identified online preconception health messages, which were critically assessed through a women's health perspective. Methods We searched for "preconception care" on three major search engines...
January 11, 2017: Maternal and Child Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28070262/experiences-of-women-regarding-gaps-in-preconception-care-services-in-the-iranian-reproductive-health-care-system-a-qualitative-study
#8
Roghieh Bayrami, Robab Latifnejad Roudsari, Hamid Allahverdipour, Mojgan Javadnoori, Habibollah Esmaily
INTRODUCTION: Despite the beginnings of preconception care (PCC) delivery around a decade ago in Iran, there are still significant gaps in its service delivery. The purpose of this study was to explore the perceptions and experiences of women as well as midwives toward gaps in PCC delivery in the Iranian reproductive health care system. METHODS: In this exploratory qualitative study, 27 married women and 13 midwives were recruited using purposive sampling from five health centers in Mashhad, Northeast of Iran...
November 2016: Electronic Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28056865/why-women-do-not-ask-for-information-on-preconception-health-a-qualitative-study
#9
Renata Bortolus, Nadia C Oprandi, Francesca Rech Morassutti, Luca Marchetto, Francesca Filippini, Eleonora Agricola, Alberto E Tozzi, Carlo Castellani, Faustina Lalatta, Bruno Rusticali, Pierpaolo Mastroiacovo
BACKGROUND: Preconception care involves health promotion to reduce risk factors that might affect women and couples of childbearing age. The risk factors of adverse reproductive outcomes include recognized genetic diseases in the family or the individual, previous congenital diseases, miscarriage, prematurity, fetal growth restriction, infertility, chronic maternal diseases, lifestyle, and occupational or environmental factors. Effective preconception care involves a range of preventive, therapeutic and behavioural interventions...
January 5, 2017: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28056690/2016-guidelines-of-the-american-thyroid-association-for-the-diagnosis-and-management-of-thyroid-disease-during-pregnancy-and-the-postpartum
#10
Erik K Alexander, Elizabeth N Pearce, Gregory A Brent, Rosalind S Brown, Herbert Chen, Chrysoula Dosiou, William Grobman, Peter Laurberg, John H Lazarus, Susan J Mandel, Robin Peeters, Scott Sullivan
BACKGROUND: Thyroid disease in pregnancy is a common clinical problem. Since the American Thyroid Association's (ATA's) guidelines for the management of these disorders were first published in 2011, significant clinical and scientific advances have occurred in the field. The aim of these guidelines is to inform clinicians, patients, researchers, and health policy makers on published evidence relating to the diagnosis and management of thyroid disease in women during pregnancy, preconception and the postpartum period...
January 6, 2017: Thyroid: Official Journal of the American Thyroid Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28048902/we-g-brc-00-experiences-with-tg100-in-clinical-use
#11
Grace Gwe-Ya Kim
: Failure Mode and Effects Analysis (FMEA) originated as an industrial engineering technique used for risk management and safety improvement of complex processes. In the context of radiotherapy, the AAPM Task Group 100 advocates FMEA as the framework of choice for establishing clinical quality management protocols. However, there is concern that widespread adoption of FMEA in radiation oncology will be hampered by the perception that implementation of the tool will have a steep learning curve, be extremely time consuming and labor intensive, and require additional resources...
June 2016: Medical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28048569/tu-h-204-03-ncrp-pac-4-radiation-protection-in-medicine
#12
D Miller
: Since 1928, the International Commission on Radiological Protection (ICRP) has developed, maintained, and elaborated the International System of Radiological Protection used world-wide as the common basis for radiological protection standards, legislation, guidelines, programs, and practice. ICRP provides and periodically revises radiation and tissue weighing factors, provides and updates recommended dose limits for occupational and public exposures, recommends dose levels for termination of pregnancy, and estimates threshold doses for tissue reactions (deterministic effects)...
June 2016: Medical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28048448/su-f-e-10-student-driven-exploration-of-radiographic-material-properties-phantom-construction-and-clinical-workflows-or-the-extraordinary-life-of-candy-man
#13
R N Mahon, M J Riblett, G D Hugo
PURPOSE: To develop a hands-on learning experience that explores the radiological and structural properties of everyday items and applies this knowledge to design a simple phantom for radiotherapy exercises. METHODS: Students were asked to compile a list of readily available materials thought to have radiation attenuation properties similar to tissues within the human torso. Participants scanned samples of suggested materials and regions of interest (ROIs) were used to characterize bulk attenuation properties...
June 2016: Medical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28048251/we-g-brc-01-risk-assessment-for-radiosurgery
#14
G Kim
: Failure Mode and Effects Analysis (FMEA) originated as an industrial engineering technique used for risk management and safety improvement of complex processes. In the context of radiotherapy, the AAPM Task Group 100 advocates FMEA as the framework of choice for establishing clinical quality management protocols. However, there is concern that widespread adoption of FMEA in radiation oncology will be hampered by the perception that implementation of the tool will have a steep learning curve, be extremely time consuming and labor intensive, and require additional resources...
June 2016: Medical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28047838/tu-h-204-00-work-of-icrp-ncrp-and-others-and-how-they-impact-on-medical-physicists
#15
Madan Rehani
: Since 1928, the International Commission on Radiological Protection (ICRP) has developed, maintained, and elaborated the International System of Radiological Protection used world-wide as the common basis for radiological protection standards, legislation, guidelines, programs, and practice. ICRP provides and periodically revises radiation and tissue weighing factors, provides and updates recommended dose limits for occupational and public exposures, recommends dose levels for termination of pregnancy, and estimates threshold doses for tissue reactions (deterministic effects)...
June 2016: Medical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28047604/we-g-brc-02-risk-assessment-for-hdr-brachytherapy
#16
J Mayadev
: Failure Mode and Effects Analysis (FMEA) originated as an industrial engineering technique used for risk management and safety improvement of complex processes. In the context of radiotherapy, the AAPM Task Group 100 advocates FMEA as the framework of choice for establishing clinical quality management protocols. However, there is concern that widespread adoption of FMEA in radiation oncology will be hampered by the perception that implementation of the tool will have a steep learning curve, be extremely time consuming and labor intensive, and require additional resources...
June 2016: Medical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28047179/tu-h-204-01-work-of-icrp-in-relation-to-activities-of-medical-physicists
#17
M Rehani
: Since 1928, the International Commission on Radiological Protection (ICRP) has developed, maintained, and elaborated the International System of Radiological Protection used world-wide as the common basis for radiological protection standards, legislation, guidelines, programs, and practice. ICRP provides and periodically revises radiation and tissue weighing factors, provides and updates recommended dose limits for occupational and public exposures, recommends dose levels for termination of pregnancy, and estimates threshold doses for tissue reactions (deterministic effects)...
June 2016: Medical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28046955/we-g-brc-03-risk-assessment-for-physics-plan-review
#18
S Parker
: Failure Mode and Effects Analysis (FMEA) originated as an industrial engineering technique used for risk management and safety improvement of complex processes. In the context of radiotherapy, the AAPM Task Group 100 advocates FMEA as the framework of choice for establishing clinical quality management protocols. However, there is concern that widespread adoption of FMEA in radiation oncology will be hampered by the perception that implementation of the tool will have a steep learning curve, be extremely time consuming and labor intensive, and require additional resources...
June 2016: Medical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28046511/tu-h-204-02-work-of-nrc-states-and-of-re-evaluating-dose-limits-by-ncrp
#19
L Dauer
: Since 1928, the International Commission on Radiological Protection (ICRP) has developed, maintained, and elaborated the International System of Radiological Protection used world-wide as the common basis for radiological protection standards, legislation, guidelines, programs, and practice. ICRP provides and periodically revises radiation and tissue weighing factors, provides and updates recommended dose limits for occupational and public exposures, recommends dose levels for termination of pregnancy, and estimates threshold doses for tissue reactions (deterministic effects)...
June 2016: Medical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28040641/psychopharmacological-drug-utilization-patterns-in-pregnant-women-with-bipolar-disorder-a-nationwide-register-based-study
#20
S C Broeks, H Thisted Horsdal, K Glejsted Ingstrup, C Gasse
BACKGROUND: Bipolar disorder is often associated with a lifetime indication for treatment with psychotropic drugs, thus pregnant women face the dilemma whether to continue treatment or not. This study describes the psychopharmacological drug utilization patterns among women with bipolar disorder from 12 months preconception to 12 months postpartum. METHODS: We conducted a register-based cohort study among all Danish women aged 15-55 with a diagnosis of bipolar disorder, who gave birth to their first and singleton child between January 1997 and December 2012...
December 8, 2016: Journal of Affective Disorders
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