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Preconception

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632867/effect-of-an-internet-based-program-on-weight-loss-for-low-income-postpartum-women-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#1
Suzanne Phelan, Todd Hagobian, Anna Brannen, Karen E Hatley, Andrew Schaffner, Karen Muñoz-Christian, Deborah F Tate
Importance: Postpartum weight retention increases lifetime risk of obesity and related morbidity. Few effective interventions exist for multicultural, low-income women. Objective: To test whether an internet-based weight loss program in addition to the Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants, and Children (WIC program) for low-income postpartum women could produce greater weight loss than the WIC program alone over 12 months. Design, Setting, and Participants: A 12-month, cluster randomized, assessor-blind, clinical trial enrolling 371 adult postpartum women at 12 clinics in WIC programs from the California central coast between July 2011 and May 2015 with data collection completed in May 2016...
June 20, 2017: JAMA: the Journal of the American Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28626358/psychosocial-correlates-of-patient-provider-family-planning-discussions-among-hiv-infected-pregnant-women-in-south-africa
#2
Violeta J Rodriguez, Ryan R Cook, Stephen M Weiss, Karl Peltzer, Deborah L Jones
Patient-provider family planning discussions and preconception counseling can reduce maternal and neonatal risks by increasing adherence to provider recommendations and antiretroviral medication. However, HIV-infected women may not discuss reproductive intentions with providers due to anticipation of negative reactions and stigma. This study aimed to identify correlates of patient-provider family planning discussions among HIV-infected women in rural South Africa, an area with high rates of antenatal HIV and suboptimal rates of prevention of mother-to-child transmission (PMTCT) of HIV...
2017: Open Access J Contracept
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28623904/impact-of-preconceptional-micronutrient-supplementation-on-maternal-mental-health-during-pregnancy-and-postpartum-results-from-a-randomized-controlled-trial-in-vietnam
#3
Phuong H Nguyen, Ann M DiGirolamo, Ines Gonzalez-Casanova, Hoa Pham, Wei Hao, Hieu Nguyen, Truong V Truong, Son Nguyen, Kimberly B Harding, Gregory A Reinhart, Reynaldo Martorell, Usha Ramakrishnan
BACKGROUND: Micronutrient malnutrition has been associated with maternal depressive symptoms (MDS), but little is known about the effects of preconceptional micronutrient supplementation. This paper examined the effects of preconceptional micronutrient supplementation on MDS during pregnancy and postpartum. METHODS: We used data from a double-blind controlled trial (PRECONCEPT) in which 5011 Vietnamese women were randomized to receive weekly supplements containing either a) multiple micronutrients (MM) b) iron and folic acid (IFA) or c) folic acid (FA) until conception (n = 1813)...
June 17, 2017: BMC Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28621727/insights-into-the-experiences-of-treatment-for-an-eating-disorder-in-men-a-qualitative-study-of-autobiographies
#4
Priyanka Thapliyal, Deborah Mitchison, Phillipa Hay
Eating disorders are increasingly recognized as a problem for men but help-seeking is low and little is known about their treatment experiences. This paper sought to determine the treatment experiences of men who have suffered from an eating disorder using autobiographical data. Inclusion criteria were autobiographies of men who had experienced an eating disorder and sought any form of treatment for this, written in the English language, published between 1995 and 2015, and available for purchase in 2016. The search resulted in six books that were thematically analyzed...
June 16, 2017: Behavioral Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28620542/preconception-consultations-with-maternal-fetal-medicine-for-obese-women-a-retrospective-chart-review
#5
Charlotte M Page, Elizabeth S Ginsburg, Randi H Goldman, Chloe A Zera
BACKGROUND: Obesity is associated with impaired fertility and pregnancy complications, and preconception weight loss may improve some of these outcomes. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the quality and effectiveness of Maternal Fetal Medicine (MFM) preconception consults for obese women. METHODS: We performed a retrospective chart review examining 162 consults at an academic medical center from 2008 to 2014. The main outcome measures included consultation content - e...
2017: Fertility Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28617973/hepatitis-b-virus-infection-in-preconception-period-among-women-of-reproductive-age-in-rural-china-a-nationwide-study
#6
Qiongjie Zhou, Xiaotian Li, Qiaomei Wang, Haiping Shen, Yiping Zhang, Shikun Zhang, Ganesh Acharya
BACKGROUND: Hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection during pregnancy is associated with perinatal complications and poor maternal and fetal outcomes. There is a lack of reports on HBV infection screening, prophylaxis, and/or treatment in preconception period among women planning a pregnancy. This study is to investigate the prevalence and demographic characteristics of HBV infection among rural women of reproductive age planning pregnancy within 6 months, in different geographical regions of China...
June 15, 2017: Paediatric and Perinatal Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28617151/lithium-exposure-during-pregnancy-outcomes-for-women-who-attended-a-specialist-antenatal-clinic
#7
Jacqueline Frayne, Thinh Nguyen, Tabitha Mok, Yvonne Hauck, Helena Liira
INTRODUCTION: Lithium treatment in pregnancy represents a significant dilemma for women and treating health professionals alike. The complexity of risk-benefit analysis is impacted by limited information. METHODS: A cohort study of 33 women with severe mental illness, who were prescribed lithium at any time during the pregnancy, and gave birth between December 2007 and January 2015 at a specialist antenatal clinic in Western Australia. A descriptive comparison for women who continued lithium throughout pregnancy, and those who ceased on discovery of pregnancy was undertaken examining demographic, obstetric, neonatal and psychiatric variables...
June 15, 2017: Journal of Psychosomatic Obstetrics and Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28615372/preconception-micronutrient-supplementation-with-iron-and-folic-acid-compared-with-folic-acid-alone-affects-linear-growth-and-fine-motor-development-at-2-years-of-age-a-randomized-controlled-trial-in-vietnam
#8
Phuong H Nguyen, Ines Gonzalez-Casanova, Melissa F Young, Truong Viet Truong, Hue Hoang, Huong Nguyen, Son Nguyen, Ann M DiGirolamo, Reynaldo Martorell, Usha Ramakrishnan
Background: Maternal health and nutrition play a crucial role in early child growth and development. However, little is known about the benefits of preconception micronutrient interventions beyond the role of folic acid (FA) and neural tube defects.Objective: We evaluated the impact of weekly preconception multiple micronutrient (MM) or iron and folic acid (IFA) supplementation on child growth and development through the age of 2 y compared with FA alone.Methods: We followed 1599 offspring born to women who participated in a randomized controlled trial of preconception supplementation in Vietnam...
June 14, 2017: Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28614000/prototypes-and-same-gender-bias-in-perceptions-of-hiring-discrimination
#9
Rickard Carlsson, Samantha Sinclair
The present study investigated the relative importance of two explanations behind perceptions of gender discrimination in hiring: prototypes and same-gender bias. According to the prototype explanation, people perceive an event as discrimination to the extent that it fits their preconceptions of typical discrimination. In contrast, the same-gender bias explanation asserts that people more readily detect discrimination towards members of their own gender. In four experiments (n = 797), women and men made considerably stronger discrimination attributions, and were moderately more discouraged from seeking work, when the victim was female rather than male...
June 14, 2017: Journal of Social Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28609711/birth-characteristics-of-women-with-marfan-syndrome-obstetric-and-neonatal-outcomes-of-their-pregnancies-a-nationwide-cohort-and-case-control-study
#10
Kristina Kernell, Gunilla Sydsjö, Marie Bladh, Ann Josefsson
OBJECTIVE: The aim was to investigate birth characteristics, obstetric and neonatal outcomes of the first childbirth in women with Marfan syndrome by use of Swedish national registers since pregnancy-related outcomes in women with Marfan syndrome have only been sparsely investigated. STUDY DESIGN: In this national population-based cohort study and matched case-control study of Swedish women born 1973-1993, women with Marfan syndrome (n=273) were compared to women without the condition (n=1 017 265)...
June 1, 2017: European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28605689/folic-acid-use-by-women-with-epilepsy-findings-of-the-epilepsy-birth-control-registry
#11
Andrew G Herzog, Devon B MacEachern, Hannah B Mandle, Kaitlyn E Cahill, Kristen M Fowler, Anne R Davis, W Allen Hauser
PURPOSE: To determine the prevalence and predictors of folic acid (FA) use by women with epilepsy (WWE) at risk of unintended pregnancy. METHODS: These retrospective data come from the Epilepsy Birth Control Registry (EBCR) web-based survey of 1144 WWE in the community, 18-47years, who provided demographic, epilepsy, AED, contraception, pregnancy, healthcare visits and FA data. We report prevalence and predictors of FA use in relation to risk of pregnancy (not at risk, at risk, seeking pregnancy, pregnant), demographics, seizure types and AED and contraception categories...
June 8, 2017: Epilepsy & Behavior: E&B
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28601684/b-cells-control-maternofetal-priming-of-allergy-and-tolerance-in-a-murine-model-of-allergic-airway-inflammation
#12
Christine Happle, Adan Chari Jirmo, Almut Meyer-Bahlburg, Anika Habener, Heinz Gerd Hoymann, Christian Hennig, Jelena Skuljec, Gesine Hansen
BACKGROUND: Allergic asthma is a chronic lung disease resulting from inappropriate immune responses to environmental antigens. Early tolerance induction is an attractive approach for primary prevention of asthma. OBJECTIVE: We analysed the mechanisms of perinatal tolerance induction to allergens with particular focus on the role of B cells in preconceptional and early intrauterine immune priming. METHODS: Wild type (WT) and B cell deficient mice received ovalbumin (OVA) intranasally before mating...
June 7, 2017: Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28599895/variations-in-resting-energy-expenditure-impact-on-gestational-weight%C3%A2-gain
#13
Ek Berggren, P O'Tierney-Ginn, S Lewis, L Presley, S Hauguel De-Mouzon, P M Catalano
BACKGROUND: There are significant variations in gestational weight gain, with many women gaining in excess of the Institute of Medicine guidelines. Unfortunately, efforts to improve appropriate gestational weight gain have had only limited success. To date, interventions have focused primarily on decreasing energy intake and/or increasing physical activity. Maternal resting energy expenditure, which comprises ∼60% of total energy expenditure compared with the ∼20% that comes from physical activity, may be an important consideration in understanding variations in gestational weight gain...
June 17, 2017: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28599396/five-years-experience-in-an-anesthesiology-antenatal-clinic-for-high-risk-patients
#14
Daniel Shatalin, Yaacov Gozal, Sorina Grisaru-Granovsky, Alexander Ioscovich
INTRODUCTION: The aim, of this study is to describe our approach and outcomes in an outpatient anesthesia/analgesia antepartum clinic among ambulatory high-risk obstetric patients. METHODS: This was a retrospective evaluation of the activity of the anesthesiology antenatal clinic from its inception in 2010 until 2016 (a 5-year period). The clinic works in collaboration with the Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology. The catchment area of the study University Affiliated Hospital attends a multiethnic population characterized by high parity...
May 24, 2017: Journal of Perinatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28595290/dietary-fat-intake-and-fecundability-in-two-preconception-cohort-studies
#15
Lauren A Wise, Amelia K Wesselink, Katherine L Tucker, Shilpa Saklani, Ellen M Mikkelsen, Heidi Cueto, Anders H Riis, Ellen Trolle, Craig J McKinnon, Kristen A Hahn, Kenneth J Rothman, Henrik Toft Sørensen, Elizabeth E Hatch
The association between dietary fat and fertility is not well-studied. We evaluated intakes of total fat, saturated fatty acids, monounsaturated fatty acids, polyunsaturated fatty acids, trans fatty acids (TFA), and omega-3 and-6 fatty acids in relation to fecundability in Danish and North American preconception cohort studies. Female pregnancy planners completed a validated food frequency questionnaire at baseline. Pregnancy status was updated bimonthly for 12 months or until pregnancy. Fecundability ratios (FR) and 95% confidence intervals (CI) were estimated using multivariable proportional probabilities regression...
June 8, 2017: American Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28594415/expanded-carrier-screening-what-determines-intended-participation-and-can-this-be-influenced-by-message-framing-and-narrative-information
#16
Jan S Voorwinden, Anne H Buitenhuis, Erwin Birnie, Anneke M Lucassen, Marian A Verkerk, Irene M van Langen, Mirjam Plantinga, Adelita V Ranchor
Next-generation sequencing enabled us to create a population-based expanded carrier screening (ECS) test that simultaneously tests for 50 serious autosomal recessive diseases. Before offering this test universally, we wanted to know what factors are related to intended participation and how the general public can be informed about the test without being influenced in their intention to participate. We studied this by measuring to what extent 'message framing' and 'narrative information' can influence people's intended participation...
June 2017: European Journal of Human Genetics: EJHG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28593902/inverted-pyramid-of-prenatal-care-is-it-enough-should-it-be-extended-inverted-pyramid-of-prenatal-care
#17
Aleksandar Ljubić
In recent years, the idea of the inverted pyramid of prenatal care and monitoring has emerged, for the purpose of prediction and prevention, early detection and treatment of health disorders of the fetus. Is this enough? If we analyze the period behind us, progress has been made in the field of detection of multiple pregnancies, dating of pregnancy and prenatal detection of chromosomal and structural fetal disorders, as well as a small amount of progress in terms of prediction and prevention of preeclampsia...
April 7, 2017: Journal of Perinatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28585371/influences-of-early-child-nutritional-status-and-home-learning-environment-on-child-development-in-vietnam
#18
Phuong H Nguyen, Ann M DiGirolamo, Ines Gonzalez-Casanova, Melissa Young, Nicole Kim, Son Nguyen, Reynaldo Martorell, Usha Ramakrishnan
Early childhood development plays a key role in a child's future health, educational success, and economic status. However, suboptimal early development remains a global challenge. This study examines the influences of quality of the home learning environment (HOME) and child stunting in the first year of life on child development. We used data collected from a randomized controlled trial of preconceptional micronutrient supplementation in Vietnam (n = 1,458). The Bayley Scales of Infant Development-III were used to assess cognition, language, and motor development domains at 2 years...
June 6, 2017: Maternal & Child Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28584581/preconceptional-use-of-folic-acid-and-knowledge-about-folic-acid-among-low-income-pregnant-women-in-korea
#19
Jihyun Kim, Miyong Yon, Cho-Il Kim, Yoonna Lee, Gui-Im Moon, Jinhwan Hong, Taisun Hyun
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Folic acid supplementation before pregnancy is known to significantly reduce the risk of having a baby with neural tube defects (NTDs). Therefore, it is important for women to be aware of the effects of folic acid supplementation before pregnancy. The purpose of this study was to investigate the awareness and preconceptional use of folic acid and to assess the current knowledge about folic acid among low-income pregnant women in Korea. SUBJECTS/METHODS: A questionnaire survey was conducted in 2012...
June 2017: Nutrition Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28583489/the-acceptability-and-tolerability-of-nasal-douching-in-children-with-allergic-rhinitis-a-systematic-review
#20
Nelson Gutiérrez-Cardona, Paula Sands, Graham Roberts, Jane S Lucas, Woolf Walker, Rami Salib, Andrea Burgess, Hasnaa Ismail-Koch
BACKGROUND: Allergic rhinitis (AR) is a significant issue in children. Treatment options include allergen avoidance, pharmacotherapy and immunotherapy. The use of nasal saline douching (NSD) in children has recently gained acceptability. However, there is limited data regarding the acceptability and tolerability of NSD in children with AR. METHODS: A search was conducted using Medline and Embase databases from January 1946 until June 2015 on the use of NSD in children aged 4-12 years with AR...
July 2017: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
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