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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29323604/preconception-health-indicators-for-public-health-surveillance
#1
Cheryl L Robbins, Denise D'Angelo, Lauren Zapata, Sheree L Boulet, Andrea J Sharma, Alys Adamski, Jennifer Farfalla, Caroline Stampfel, Sarah Verbiest, Charlan Kroelinger
OBJECTIVES: In response to an expressed need for more focused measurement of preconception health (PCH), we identify a condensed set of PCH indicators for state and national surveillance. METHODS: We used a systematic process to evaluate, prioritize, and select 10 PCH indicators that maternal and child health programs can use for surveillance. For each indicator, we assessed prevalence, whether it was addressed by professional recommendations, Healthy People 2020 objectives, or Centers for Disease Control and Prevention winnable battles, measurement simplicity, data completeness, and stakeholders' input...
January 11, 2018: Journal of Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29321671/preconception-carrier-screening-for-multiple-disorders-evaluation-of-a-screening-offer-in-a-dutch-founder-population
#2
Inge B Mathijssen, Kim C A Holtkamp, Cecile P E Ottenheim, Janneke M C van Eeten-Nijman, Phillis Lakeman, Hanne Meijers-Heijboer, Merel C van Maarle, Lidewij Henneman
Technological developments have enabled carrier screening for multiple disorders. This study evaluated experiences with a preconception carrier screening offer for four recessive disorders in a Dutch founder population. Questionnaires were completed by 182 attendees pretesting and posttesting and by 137 non-attendees. Semistructured interviews were conducted with seven of the eight carrier couples. Attendees were mainly informed about the existence of screening by friends/colleagues (49%) and family members (44%)...
January 10, 2018: European Journal of Human Genetics: EJHG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29319589/preconception-care-for-the-general-ob-gyn
#3
Jessica C Arluck, Allison C Mayhew
Preconception counseling is an important aspect of the care of reproductive-aged women. Asking each woman with each interaction her wishes regarding pregnancy allows the health care provider to investigate her history. The areas to review include environmental toxins, nutrition, genetics, substance abuse, medical conditions, infectious diseases, and psychosocial issues. Then preconception counseling can be individualized. The goal is to decrease or eliminate risks that can cause detriments to the patient or her future pregnancies...
January 9, 2018: Clinical Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29317419/cohort-profile-effect-of-malaria-in-early-pregnancy-on-fetal-growth-in-benin-recipal-preconceptional-cohort
#4
Manfred Accrombessi, Emmanuel Yovo, Gilles Cottrell, Gino Agbota, Agnès Gartner, Yves Martin-Prevel, Nadia Fanou-Fogny, Diane Djossinou, Jennifer Zeitlin, Nicaise Tuikue-Ndam, Florence Bodeau-Livinec, Sandrine Houzé, Nicola Jackson, Paul Ayemonna, Achille Massougbodji, Michel Cot, Nadine Fievet, Valérie Briand
PURPOSE: REtard de Croissance Intra-uterin et PALudisme (RECIPAL) is an original preconceptional cohort designed to assess the consequences of malaria during the first trimester of pregnancy, which is a poorly investigated period in Africa and during which malaria may be detrimental to the fetus. PARTICIPANTS: For this purpose, a total of 1214 women of reproductive age living in Sô-Ava and Akassato districts (south Benin) were followed up monthly from June 2014 to December 2016 until 411 of them became pregnant...
January 8, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29317131/what-do-we-know-about-the-relationships-between-preconception-parental-health-infertility-and-pregnancy-outcomes
#5
EDITORIAL
Erma Z Drobnis, Danny J Schust
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 6, 2018: Fertility and Sterility
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29317129/introduction-reproductive-genetics-bringing-clarity-to-a-foreign-language
#6
Anthony R Gregg, Steven R Lindheim
Genomic based technologies are firmly implanted into clinical medicine. They arrived rapidly and their uses continue to evolve in both the pre and postconception periods. These technologies migrated from the prenatal arena into the domain of the reproductive endocrinology and infertility specialists in some cases nearly simultaneously (expanded carrier screening), in others more slowly (chromosome microarrays), and for some technologies the ethical and cost concerns have resulted in a slower diffusion across the disciplines...
January 6, 2018: Fertility and Sterility
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29310064/the-prevalence-and-correlates-of-self-harm-ideation-trajectories-in-australian-women-from-pregnancy-to-4-years-postpartum
#7
Rebecca Giallo, Pamela Pilkington, Rohan Borschmann, Monique Seymour, Melissa Dunning, Stephanie Brown
OBJECTIVES: Women in the perinatal period are at increased risk of experiencing self-harm ideation. The current study longitudinally examines the prevalence, trajectories, and correlates of self-harm ideation in a population-based sample of Australian women from pregnancy through to the early years of parenting. METHODS: Drawing on data from 1507 women participating in a prospective pregnancy cohort study, data were collected during pregnancy, at 3-, 6-, 12-, and 18-months postpartum, and 4-years postpartum...
January 2, 2018: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29309390/aerobic-exercise-preconception-and-during-pregnancy-enhances-oxidative-capacity-in-the-hindlimb-muscles-of-mice-offspring
#8
Jenney Liu, Icksoo Lee, Han-Zhong Feng, Sujay S Galen, Philipp P Hüttemann, Guy A Perkins, J-P Jin, Maik Hüttemann, Moh H Malek
Little is known about the effect of maternal exercise on offspring skeletal muscle health. The purpose of this study, therefore, was to determine whether maternal exercise (preconception and during pregnancy) alters offspring skeletal muscle capillarity and mitochondrial biogenesis. We hypothesized that offspring from exercised dams would have higher capillarity and mitochondrial density in the hindlimb muscles compared to offspring from sedentary dams. Female mice in the exercise condition had access to a running wheel in their individual cage 30 days prior to mating and throughout pregnancy, whereas the sedentary group did not have access to the running wheel prior to mating and during pregnancy...
January 3, 2018: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29306992/health-and-welfare-of-women-and-child-survival-a-key-to-nation-building
#9
Meharban Singh
Health of women has a profound effect on the health and welfare of communities, countries and the world at large. A large number of social, economic, educational, political and religious dimensions impact the lives of girls and women with repercussions on their health and status in society and welfare of their children. It is a sad reality that a large number of children, adolescents and women worldwide have limited or no access to essential health care services, nutrition and education. Gender inequity and discrimination against girls cannot be bridged unless there are equal opportunities for healthcare and education for boys and girls...
January 6, 2018: Indian Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29305820/authoring-the-identity-of-learner-before-doctor-in-the-figured-world-of-medical-school
#10
Evangeline Stubbing, Esther Helmich, Jennifer Cleland
INTRODUCTION: Students enter the 'figured world' of medical school with preconceptions of what it means to be a doctor. The meeting of these early preconceptions and their newly developing identities can create emotional tensions. The aim of this study was to advance our understanding of how such tensions were experienced and managed. Using figured worlds as a theoretical framework we explored students' interactions of preconceptions with their newly developing professional identities in their first year at medical school...
January 5, 2018: Perspectives on Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29302808/a-comparison-of-pregnancy-outcome-of-modified-transvaginal-cervicoisthmic-cerclage-performed-prior-to-and-during-pregnancy
#11
Minling Wei, Xiaoying Jin, T C Li, Cuiyu Yang, Dong Huang, Songying Zhang
PURPOSE: To compare the pregnancy outcome of the modified transvaginal cerclage performed preconception and during pregnancy. METHODS: A retrospective trial was carried out in the Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Sir Run Run Shaw Hospital in Zhejiang, China. A total of 604 women with cervical incompetence underwent the cerclage, and the time of the operation was decided by the patients or depended on when the patient presented. Main outcome measures were the gestational age and the fetal outcome...
January 4, 2018: Archives of Gynecology and Obstetrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29301729/preconception-care-in-diabetes-predisposing-factors-and-barriers
#12
Shaila Carrasco Falcón, Begoña Vega Guedes, Dácil Alvarado-Martel, Ana M Wägner
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Preconception care has been shown to decrease the risk of pregnancy-related complications in women with diabetes, but many women do not plan their pregnancies. Our aim was to identify the associated factors and barriers related to involvement of these women in preconception care. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Fifty women with pregestational diabetes (28 with type 1 diabetes) and 50 non-diabetic pregnant women were consecutively enrolled at our hospital...
January 1, 2018: Endocrinología, Diabetes y Nutrición
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29297967/levothyroxine-supplementation-improves-serum-anti-m%C3%A3-llerian-hormone-levels-in-infertile-patients-with-hashimoto-s-thyroiditis
#13
Masako Kuroda, Keiji Kuroda, Tomoya Segawa, Jaeduk Y Noh, Ai Yoshihara, Koichi Ito, Hisao Osada, Satoru Takeda, Shokichi Teramoto
AIM: Thyroid dysfunction and autoimmunity are associated with an adverse effect on fertility. An aberrant high thyroid stimulating hormone level is associated with diminished ovarian reserve in women of reproductive age; however, the utility of levothyroxine (LT4) replacement for infertile patients with subclinical hypothyroidism is still under discussion. The aim of this study was to investigate whether LT4 supplementation for infertile patients with subclinical hypothyroidism improves impaired ovarian function...
January 3, 2018: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29297052/association-of-long-term-exposure-to-airborne-particulate-matter-of-1-%C3%AE-m-or-less-with-preterm-birth-in-china
#14
Yuan-Yuan Wang, Qin Li, Yuming Guo, Hong Zhou, Xiaobin Wang, Qiaomei Wang, Haiping Shen, Yiping Zhang, Donghai Yan, Ya Zhang, Hongguang Zhang, Shanshan Li, Gongbo Chen, Jun Zhao, Yuan He, Ying Yang, Jihong Xu, Yan Wang, Zuoqi Peng, Hai-Jun Wang, Xu Ma
Importance: Airborne particulate matter pollution has been associated with preterm birth (PTB) in some studies. However, most of these studies assessed only populations living near monitoring stations, and the association of airborne particulate matter having a median diameter of 1 μm or less (PM1) with PTB has not been studied. Objective: To evaluate whether PM1 concentrations are associated with the risk of PTB. Design, Setting, and Participants: This national cohort study used National Free Preconception Health Examination Project data collected in 324 of 344 prefecture-level cities from 30 provinces of mainland China...
January 2, 2018: JAMA Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29283881/predictors-of-severe-obesity-in-low-income-predominantly-hispanic-latino-children-the-texas-childhood-obesity-research-demonstration-study
#15
Meliha Salahuddin, Adriana Pérez, Nalini Ranjit, Steven H Kelder, Sarah E Barlow, Stephen J Pont, Nancy F Butte, Deanna M Hoelscher
INTRODUCTION: The objective of this study was to identify predictors of severe obesity in a low-income, predominantly Hispanic/Latino sample of children in Texas. METHODS: This cross-sectional analysis examined baseline data on 517 children from the secondary prevention component of the Texas Childhood Obesity Research Demonstration (TX CORD) study; data were collected from September 2012 through February 2014. Self-administered surveys were used to collect data from parents of children who were aged 2 to 12 years, had a body mass index (BMI) in the 85th percentile or higher, and resided in Austin, Texas, or Houston, Texas...
December 28, 2017: Preventing Chronic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29279903/association-of-timing-of-weight-gain-in-pregnancy-with-infant-birth-weight
#16
Ravi Retnakaran, Shi Wu Wen, Hongzhuan Tan, Shujin Zhou, Chang Ye, Minxue Shen, Graeme N Smith, Mark C Walker
Importance: Gestational weight gain is a determinant of infant birth weight, but it is unclear whether its timing in pregnancy may hold implications in this regard. Previous studies have yielded conflicting findings on the association of maternal weight gain in early pregnancy with birth weight. However, as these studies have typically recruited women during the first trimester, they are inherently limited by a reliance on self-reported pregravid weight. Objective: To evaluate the associations of directly measured maternal pregravid weight and the timing of subsequent weight gain across pregnancy with infant birth weight...
December 26, 2017: JAMA Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29278712/a-national-survey-on-the-efficacy-and-safety-of-continuous-subcutaneous-insulin-infusion-in-patients-with-type-1-diabetes-in-spain
#17
P Beato-Víbora, Ana Chico-Ballesteros, Marga Giménez, Raquel Guerrero-Vázquez, Raquel Barrio-Castellanos, María José Goñi-Iriarte, Gonzalo Díaz-Soto, Juan Francisco Merino-Torres, Jesús Moreno-Fernández, María Asunción Martínez-Brocca
AIMS: To assess safety and benefits of continuous subcutaneous insulin infusion (CSII) therapy in a cohort of type 1 diabetes patients in Spain. METHODS: A web-based national registry was created by the Working Group of the Spanish Diabetes Association. All patients on CSII being followed at selected referral centers were included. A cross-sectional analysis was performed. RESULTS: A total of 1,275 patients were included. Data completion for patients on CSII was 67 ± 32%...
December 23, 2017: Diabetes Research and Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29277277/new-imaging-markers-for-preconceptional-and-first-trimester-utero-placental-vascularization
#18
I F Reijnders, A G M G J Mulders, M P H Koster, A H J Koning, A Frudiger, S P Willemsen, E Jauniaux, G J Burton, R P M Steegers-Theunissen, E A P Steegers
INTRODUCTION: The availability of imaging makers of early placental circulation development is limited. This study aims to develop a feasible and reliable method to assess preconceptional and early first-trimester utero-placental vascular volumes using three-dimensional power Doppler (3D PD) ultrasound on two different Virtual Reality (VR) systems. METHODS: 3D PD ultrasound images of the uterine and placental vasculature were obtained in 35 women, either preconceptionally (n = 5), or during pregnancy at 7 (n = 10), 9 (n = 10) or 11 (n = 10) weeks of gestation...
January 2018: Placenta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29276231/preconception-optimization-of-glucose-and-insulin-metabolism-in-women-wanting-to-conceive-high-rate-of-spontaneous-conception-prior-to-planned-assisted-reproduction
#19
Sara Fill Malfertheiner, Dagmar Gutknecht, Monika Bals-Pratsch
Background: A hyperglycemic metabolic status with insulin resistance can have a negative effect on fertility and pregnancy outcomes. The aim of this retrospective study was to investigate disorders of glucose and insulin metabolism in women wanting to conceive who conceived spontaneously prior to planned assisted reproduction (ART). Associated risk factors of patients in terms of live births and miscarriages were also analyzed. Method: Out of total study population of 589 pregnancies, the pregnancies of 129 women wishing to have children who conceived spontaneously prior to planned ART were analyzed in more detail...
December 2017: Geburtshilfe und Frauenheilkunde
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29274714/no-354-canadian-hiv-pregnancy-planning-guidelines
#20
Mona Loutfy, V Logan Kennedy, Vanessa Poliquin, Frederick Dzineku, Nicola L Dean, Shari Margolese, Alison Symington, Deborah M Money, Scot Hamilton, Tracey Conway, Sarah Khan, Mark H Yudin
OBJECTIVE: The objective of the Canadian HIV Pregnancy Planning Guidelines is to provide clinical information and recommendations for health care providers to assist Canadians affected by HIV with their fertility, preconception, and pregnancy planning decisions. These guidelines are evidence- and community-based and flexible and take into account diverse and intersecting local/population needs based on the social determinants of health. INTENDED OUTCOMES: EVIDENCE: Literature searches were conducted by a librarian using the Medline, Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (CENTRAL), and Embase databases for published articles in English and French related to HIV and pregnancy and HIV and pregnancy planning for each section of the guidelines...
January 2018: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Canada: JOGC, Journal D'obstétrique et Gynécologie du Canada: JOGC
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