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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149573/the-intrinsic-genetic-and-epigenetic-regulator-factors-as-therapeutic-targets-and-the-effect-on-fetal-globin-gene-expression
#1
Pegah Adelvand, Mohammed Hamid, Soroush Sardari
Introduction The effort to induce fetal globin or Hb F gene expression as an alternative therapy for blood transfusion has been ongoing for few decades, with promising results evident in patients with hemoglobinopathies. Although the clinical outcomes have been satisfactory and significant, there are still concerns about the safety of Hb F inducers in the long-term. There are potent inducers which lose their potency and safety over the course of therapy. Area Covered: In this work, efforts have been made to review the latest findings on intrinsic genetic and epigenetic factors which are able to induce the gene expression of fetal globin in adult patients with beta (β)-thalassemia Major, Intermedia and sickle cell disease (SCD)...
November 17, 2017: Expert Review of Hematology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149237/multimorbidity-among-persons-living-with-hiv-in-the-u-s
#2
Cherise Wong, Stephen J Gange, Richard D Moore, Amy C Justice, Kate Buchacz, Alison G Abraham, Peter F Rebeiro, John R Koethe, Jeffrey N Martin, Michael A Horberg, Cynthia M Boyd, Mari M Kitahata, Heidi M Crane, Kelly A Gebo, M John Gill, Michael J Silverberg, Frank J Palella, Pragna Patel, Hasina Samji, Jennifer Thorne, Charles S Rabkin, Angel Mayor, Keri N Althoff
Background: Age-associated conditions are increasingly common among persons living with HIV. A longitudinal investigation of their accrual is needed given their implications on clinical care complexity. We examined trends in the co-occurrence of age-associated conditions among persons living with HIV receiving clinical care, and differences in their prevalence by demographic subgroup. Methods: This cohort study was nested within the North American AIDS Cohort Collaboration on Research and Design...
November 15, 2017: Clinical Infectious Diseases: An Official Publication of the Infectious Diseases Society of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149215/longitudinal-survey-of-two-serotine-bat-eptesicus-serotinus-maternity-colonies-exposed-to-eblv-1-european-bat-lyssavirus-type-1-assessment-of-survival-and-serological-status-variations-using-capture-recapture-models
#3
Emmanuelle Robardet, Christophe Borel, Marie Moinet, Dorothée Jouan, Marine Wasniewski, Jacques Barrat, Franck Boué, Elodie Montchâtre-Leroy, Alexandre Servat, Olivier Gimenez, Florence Cliquet, Evelyne Picard-Meyer
This study describes two longitudinal serological surveys of European Bat Lyssavirus type 1 (EBLV-1) antibodies in serotine bat (Eptesicus serotinus) maternity colonies located in the North-East of France. This species is currently considered as the main EBLV-1 reservoir. Multievent capture-recapture models were used to determine the factors influencing bat rabies transmission as this method accounts for imperfect detection and uncertainty in disease states. Considering the period of study, analyses revealed that survival and recapture probabilities were not affected by the serological status of individuals, confirming the capacity of bats to be exposed to lyssaviruses without dying...
November 2017: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29148405/autophagy-inhibition-in-adult-onset-still-s-disease-still-more-space-for-hydroxychloroquine
#4
Charalampos Papagoras, Akrivi Chrysanthopoulou, Alexandros Mitsios, Athanasios Arampatzioglou, Konstantinos Ritis, Panagiotis Skendros
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 23, 2017: Clinical and Experimental Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29147588/diagnostic-challenge-a-report-of-two-adult-onset-still-s-disease-cases
#5
Sakunee Niranvichaiya, Daranporn Triwongwaranat
This study reports two adult-onset Still's disease (AOSD) cases that met both Yamaguchi's and Fautrel's criteria and that presented with notable clinical manifestations. One case presented with atypical dermographism-like rash with an extremely high ferritin level. The other case presented with typical salmon-pink maculopapular rash but had atypical positive rheumatoid factor. This suggests that although negative rheumatoid factor is one of the criteria used for the diagnosis of AOSD, a positive rheumatoid factor result does not exclude AOSD...
2017: Case Reports in Dermatological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29147578/modelling-historical-changes-in-the-force-of-infection-of-chagas-disease-to-inform-control-and-elimination-programmes-application-in-colombia
#6
Zulma M Cucunubá, Pierre Nouvellet, Lesong Conteh, Mauricio Javier Vera, Victor Manuel Angulo, Juan Carlos Dib, Gabriel Jaime Parra-Henao, María Gloria Basáñez
Background: WHO's 2020 milestones for Chagas disease include having all endemic Latin American countries certified with no intradomiciliary Trypanosoma cruzi transmission, and infected patients under care. Evaluating the variation in historical exposure to infection is crucial for assessing progress and for understanding the priorities to achieve these milestones. Methods: Focusing on Colombia, all the available age-structured serological surveys (undertaken between 1995 and 2014) were searched and compiled...
2017: BMJ Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29145302/burkitt-lymphoma-and-cavernous-sinus-syndrome-with-breast-uptake-on-18f-fdg-pet-ct-a-case-report
#7
Florette Reyneke, Neo Mokgoro, Mariza Vorster, Mike Sathekge
RATIONALE: Burkitt lymphoma (BL) is a type of non-Hodgkin lymphoma that arises in the B-cells. Cavernous sinus involvement is rare, especially in adults. Here we report an unusual case of a 30-year-old HIV-positive woman with BL and cavernous sinus syndrome who also had intense bilateral breast uptake, related to menstrual cycle. Fluorine-18 2-fluoro-2-deoxyglucose (18F-FDG) positron emission tomography/computed tomography (PET/CT) has been found to be useful in the management of BL. PATIENT CONCERNS: A 30-year old female patient presented with a history of diplopia and headache...
November 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29143145/duration-of-viral-shedding-and-factors-associated-with-prolonged-shedding-among-inpatients-with-influenza-treated-with-oseltamivir-a-prospective-cohort-study
#8
J Khoury, M Szwarcwort, Z Kra-Oz, M Saffuri, K Seh, T Yahalomi, E Braun, Z S Azzam, M Paul, A Neuberger
The purpose of this study was to determine the rate of decline in the diagnostic yield of influenza PCR assay after oseltamivir administration, and to identify risk factors for prolonged shedding. This was a prospective observational study. We included adult inpatients with clinical signs of influenza during the influenza seasons 2015 and 2016, who had positive influenza PCR tests and who were treated with oseltamivir. Clinical follow-up and repeat PCR testing were performed on days 2, 4 and 6 after the first positive test...
November 15, 2017: European Journal of Clinical Microbiology & Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29142159/systemic-cytokine-response-in-pigs-infected-orally-with-a-lawsonia-intracellularis-isolate-of-south-korean-origin
#9
Jung-Yong Yeh, A-Reum Ga
In the swine industry, Lawsonia intracellularis is one of the main enteric pathogens; it causes acute intestinal hemorrhage (proliferative hemorrhagic enteropathy) in naïve adult pigs and a wasting disease (proliferative enteropathy) in growing pigs. Among many kinds of cytokines, interferon-γ (IFN-γ) has previously been reported to play a significant role in limiting intracellular infection and increasing cellular proliferation associated with L. intracellularis. However, the levels of various circulating inflammatory cytokines, including IFN-γ, in animals infected with L...
November 15, 2017: Journal of Veterinary Medical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29141726/status-of-insecticide-resistance-in-papua-new-guinea-an-update-from-nation-wide-monitoring-of-anopheles-mosquitoes
#10
Gussy Koimbu, Cyrille Czeher, Michelle Katusele, Muker Sakur, Lemen Kilepak, Anthony Tandrapah, Manuel W Hetzel, Justin Pulford, Leanne Robinson, Stephan Karl
Insecticide resistance (IR) monitoring is an important component of vector-borne disease control. The last assessment of IR in Papua New Guinea (PNG) was conducted in 2010. Since then, vector populations have been exposed to higher levels of pyrethroids with the continued nation-wide distribution of insecticide-treated nets. Here, we provide an update on phenotypic IR in four highly malaria-endemic areas of PNG. IR against deltamethrin, lambda-cyhalothrin, and dichlorodiphenyltrichloroethane was assessed using World Health Organization bioassays...
November 6, 2017: American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29141554/insight-into-the-role-of-long-non-coding-rnas-during-osteogenesis-in-mesenchymal-stem-cells
#11
Sibei Huo, Yachuan Zhou, Xinyu He, Mian Wan, Wei Du, Xin Xu, Ling Ye, Xuedong Zhou, Liwei Zheng
BACKGROUND: Long non-coding RNAs (LncRNAs) are non-protein coding transcripts longer than 200 nucleotides in length. Instead of being "transcriptional noise", lncRNAs are emerging as a key modulator in various biological processes and disease development. Mesenchymal stem cells can be isolated from various adult tissues, such as bone marrow and dental tissues. The differentiation processes into multiple lineages, such as osteogenic differentiation, are precisely orchestrated by molecular signals in both genetic and epigenetic ways...
November 15, 2017: Current Stem Cell Research & Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29137886/diesel-exhaust-inhalation-exposure-induces-pulmonary-arterial-hypertension-in-mice
#12
Jing Liu, Xiaoqing Ye, Dapeng Ji, Xiaofei Zhou, Cong Qiu, Weiping Liu, Luyang Yu
Diesel exhaust (DE) is one of the main sources of urban air pollution. An increasing number of evidence showed the association of air pollution with cardiovascular diseases. Pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) is one of the most disastrous vascular diseases, which results in right ventricular failure and death. However, the relationship of DE inhalation exposure with PAH is still unknown. In this study, male adult mice were exposed by inhalation to filtered ambient air (negative control), 10% O2 hypoxia (PAH-phenotype positive control), 350 μg/m(3) particulate matter whole DE, or the combination of DE and hypoxic condition...
November 11, 2017: Environmental Pollution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29136011/ten-year-experience-with-antiretroviral-treatment-in-cambodia-trends-in-patient-characteristics-and-treatment-outcomes
#13
Phirum Lay, Sokkab An, Sunpiseth Soeung, Pich Sovannary Srey, Sopheak Thai, Lutgarde Lynen, Johan van Griensven
BACKGROUND: Although HIV disease stage at ART initiation critically determines ART outcomes, few reports have longitudinally monitored this within Asia. Using prospectively collected data from a large ART program at Sihanouk Hospital Center of Hope in Cambodia, we report on the change in patient characteristics and outcomes over a ten-year period. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective analysis including all adults (≥ 18 years old) starting ART from March 2003-March 2013 in a non-governmental hospital in Phnom Penh, Cambodia...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29133250/success-of-immunosuppressive-treatments-in-patients-with-chronic-graft-versus-host-disease
#14
Stephanie J Lee, Tam D Nguyen, Lynn Onstad, Merav Bar, Elizabeth F Krakow, Rachel B Salit, Paul A Carpenter, Morgani Rodrigues, A Marcie Hall, Barry E Storer, Paul J Martin, Mary E Flowers
Moderate to severe chronic graft-versus-host disease (GVHD) is treated with potent immunosuppressive therapy (IST) to modulate the allo-immune response, control symptoms and prevent further organ damage. We sought to understand the types of treatments used in clinical practice and the likelihood of successful treatment associated with each. A chart review was performed for 250 adult patients at Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center enrolled in a prospective observational study. After a median follow-up of 5...
November 10, 2017: Biology of Blood and Marrow Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29132389/advances-challenges-and-future-directions-for-stem-cell-therapy-in-amyotrophic-lateral-sclerosis
#15
REVIEW
Yuri Ciervo, Ke Ning, Xu Jun, Pamela J Shaw, Richard J Mead
Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) is a rapidly progressive neurodegenerative condition where loss of motor neurons within the brain and spinal cord leads to muscle atrophy, weakness, paralysis and ultimately death within 3-5 years from onset of symptoms. The specific molecular mechanisms underlying the disease pathology are not fully understood and neuroprotective treatment options are minimally effective. In recent years, stem cell transplantation as a new therapy for ALS patients has been extensively investigated, becoming an intense and debated field of study...
November 13, 2017: Molecular Neurodegeneration
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29129262/biochemical-risk-markers-and-10-year-incidence-of-atherosclerotic-cardiovascular-disease-independent-predictors-improvement-in-pooled-cohort-equation-and-risk-reclassification
#16
Emmanuel Akintoye, Alexandros Briasoulis, Luis Afonso
BACKGROUND: The recommendation for statins in primary atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease (ASCVD) prevention begins with risk estimation using the pooled cohort equation (PCE). However, treatment decisions may still remain uncertain after PCE-based assessment. We therefore developed a simple biomarker score that could supplement decision making. METHODS: Using the prospectively collected database of the Multi-Ethnic Study of Atherosclerosis, we identified biochemical risk markers that independently predicted 10-year risk of ASCVD and developed an aggregate biomarker score based on them...
November 2017: American Heart Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29128256/megf10-related-myopathies-a-new-case-with-adult-onset-disease-with-prominent-respiratory-failure-and-review-of-reported-phenotypes
#17
Elizabeth Harris, Chiara Marini-Bettolo, Ana Töpf, Rita Barresi, Tuomo Polvikovski, Geraldine Bailey, Richard Charlton, James Tellez, Daniel MacArthur, Michela Guglieri, Hanns Lochmüller, Kate Bushby, Volker Straub
Recessive mutations in MEGF10 (multiple epidermal growth factor 10) have been reported in a severe early onset disorder named Early Myopathy, Areflexia, Respiratory Distress and Dysphagia, and a milder form with cores in the muscle biopsy; and a possible genotype-phenotype correlation determining the clinical presentation has been suggested. We undertook exome sequencing in a 66 year old male with a 20 year history of progressive proximal and distal weakness of upper and lower limbs, facial weakness and dysphagia, who developed respiratory failure requiring ventilation while still ambulant in his 50s...
October 12, 2017: Neuromuscular Disorders: NMD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29127678/allogeneic-matched-related-transplantation-for-%C3%AE-thalassemia-and-sickle-cell-anemia
#18
Françoise Bernaudin, Corinne Pondarré, Claire Galambrun, Isabelle Thuret
Allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) can cure single gene disorders such as thalassemia and sickle cell anemia (SCA). These non-malignant diseases have in common severe hemolytic anemia and high proliferative bone marrow, requiring frequent transfusions. The risk of rejection is high and graft-vs-host disease is not desirable. Important progress has been made in the management of these diseases, including leukocyte depletion of blood products, and chelation therapy, for both diseases, and erythrocytapheresis and hydroxycarbamide for SCA...
2017: Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29127674/pharmacotherapeutic-management-of-pediatric-lymphoma
#19
REVIEW
Christine Mauz-Körholz, Natascha Ströter, Julia Baumann, Ante Botzen, Katharina Körholz, Dieter Körholz
Hodgkin lymphoma (HL) and non-Hodgkin lymphoma (NHL) comprise approximately 15% of all childhood malignancies. Cure rates for both lymphoma entities have evolved tremendously during the last couple of decades, raising the 5-year survival rates to almost 100% for HL and to 85% for NHL. The mainstay therapy for both malignancies is still chemotherapy-with different regimens recommended for different types of disease. In HL, combined modality treatment, i.e., chemotherapy followed by radiotherapy, has long been the standard regimen...
November 10, 2017: Paediatric Drugs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29124997/perinatal-exposure-to-environmental-tobacco-smoke-is-associated-with-changes-in-dna-methylation-that-precede-the-adult-onset-of-lung-disease-in-a-mouse-model
#20
Elizabeth Cole, Traci A Brown, Kent E Pinkerton, Britten Postma, Keegan Malany, Mihi Yang, Yang Jee Kim, Raymond F Hamilton, Andrij Holian, Yoon Hee Cho
Prenatal and early-life environmental tobacco smoke (ETS) exposure can induce epigenetic alterations associated with inflammation and respiratory disease. The objective of this study was to address the long-term epigenetic consequences of perinatal ETS exposure on latent respiratory disease risk, which are still largely unknown. C57BL/6 mice were exposed to prenatal and early-life ETS; offspring lung pathology, global DNA, and gene-specific methylation were measured at two adult ages. Significant alterations in global DNA methylation and promoter methylation of IFN-γ and Thy-1 were found in ETS-exposed offspring at 10-12 and 20 weeks of age...
August 2017: Inhalation Toxicology
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