keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Pathology residency

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29226451/pictorial-essay-of-ultrasound-reconstructed-coronal-plane-images-of-the-uterus-in-different-uterine-pathologies
#1
Mihaela Grigore, AnaMaria Grigore, Dumitru Gafitanu, Cristina Furnica
Imaging in the major planes (horizontal, coronal, and sagittal) of the uterus is important for determining anatomy and allowing the findings to be standardized, and for evaluating and diagnosing different pathological conditions in clinical practice. Examination of the coronal plane is an important step in identifying uterine pathologies and their relationships to the endometrial canal. Three-dimensional ultrasound reveals the normal anatomy better and improves the depiction of abnormal anatomy, as the coronal plane of the uterus can easily be obtained using 3D reconstruction techniques...
December 11, 2017: Clinical Anatomy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29222989/disrupted-circuits-in-mouse-models-of-autism-spectrum-disorder-and-intellectual-disability
#2
REVIEW
Carla Em Golden, Joseph D Buxbaum, Silvia De Rubeis
Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) and intellectual disability (ID) are caused by a wide range of genetic mutations, a significant fraction of which reside in genes important for synaptic function. Studies have found that sensory, prefrontal, hippocampal, cerebellar, and striatal regions, as well as the circuits that connect them, are perturbed in mouse models of ASD and ID. Dissecting the disruptions in morphology and activity in these neural circuits might help us to understand the shared risk between the two disorders as well as their clinical heterogeneity...
December 5, 2017: Current Opinion in Neurobiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29221933/intestinal-intraepithelial-lymphocytes-sentinels-of-the-mucosal-barrier
#3
REVIEW
Danyvid Olivares-Villagómez, Luc Van Kaer
Intestinal intraepithelial lymphocytes (IELs) are a large and diverse population of lymphoid cells that reside between the intestinal epithelial cells (IECs) that form the intestinal mucosal barrier. Although IEL biology has traditionally focused on T cells, recent studies have identified several subsets of T cell receptor (TCR)-negative IELs with intriguing properties. New insight into the development, homeostasis, and functions of distinct IEL subsets has recently been provided. Additional studies have revealed intricate interactions between different IEL subsets, reciprocal interactions between IELs and IECs, and communication of IELs with immune cells that reside outside the intestinal epithelium...
December 5, 2017: Trends in Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29221689/tissue-regeneration-the-crosstalk-between-mesenchymal-stem-cells-and-immune-response
#4
Kai Qi, Na Li, Zhenyu Zhang, Gerry Melino
Mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) exist in almost all tissues with the capability to differentiate into several different cell types and hold great promise in tissue repairs in a cell replacement manner. The study of the bidirectional regulation between MSCs and immune response has ushered an age of rethinking of tissue regeneration in the process of stem cell-based tissue repairs. By sensing damaged signals, both endogenous and exogenous MSCs migrate to the damaged site where they involve in the reconstitution of the immune microenvironment and empower tissue stem/progenitor cells and other resident cells, whereby facilitate tissue repairs...
December 2, 2017: Cellular Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29218307/calreticulin-challenges-posed-by-the-intrinsically-disordered-nature-of-calreticulin-to-the-study-of-its-function
#5
Lilian Varricchio, Mario Falchi, Massimiliano Dall'Ora, Caterina De Benedittis, Alessandra Ruggeri, Vladimir N Uversky, Anna Rita Migliaccio
Calreticulin is a Ca2+-binding chaperone protein, which resides mainly in the endoplasmic reticulum but also found in other cellular compartments including the plasma membrane. In addition to Ca2+, calreticulin binds and regulates almost all proteins and most of the mRNAs deciding their intracellular fate. The potential functions of calreticulin are so numerous that identification of all of them is becoming a nightmare. Still the recent discovery that patients affected by the Philadelphia-negative myeloproliferative disorders essential thrombocytemia or primary myelofibrosis not harboring JAK2 mutations carry instead calreticulin mutations disrupting its C-terminal domain has highlighted the clinical need to gain a deeper understanding of the biological activity of this protein...
2017: Frontiers in Cell and Developmental Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29215731/eucalyptol-protects-lungs-against-bacterial-invasion-through-attenuating-ciliated-cell-damage-and-suppressing-muc5ac-expression
#6
Na Yu, Yi-Tian Sun, Xin-Ming Su, Miao He, Bing Dai, Jian Kang
This study was conducted to investigate whether Eucalyptol plays a role in influencing bacterial growth in cigarette smoke exposed lungs. Rats were exposed to air (control) and cigarette smoke (smoking) in presence and absence of Eucalyptol (260 mg/day). Morphological analysis of lung structures and status of airway mucous production were observed under a microscope. Pathological changes of ciliated columnar epithelium in airways were examined using transmission electron microscopy. MUC5AC protein and mRNA expression in bronchoalveolar lavage fluid (BALF) and lungs were determined...
December 7, 2017: Journal of Cellular Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29214727/importance-and-regulation-of-adult-stem-cell-migration
#7
REVIEW
Beatriz de Lucas, Laura M Pérez, Beatriz G Gálvez
Cell migration is an essential process throughout the life of vertebrates, beginning during embryonic development and continuing throughout adulthood. Stem cells have an inherent ability to migrate, that is as important as their capacity for self-renewal and differentiation, enabling them to maintain tissue homoeostasis and mediate repair and regeneration. Adult stem cells reside in specific tissue niches, where they remain in a quiescent state until called upon and activated by tissue environmental signals...
December 7, 2017: Journal of Cellular and Molecular Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29210592/the-recent-pathology-residency-graduate-job-search-experience-a-synthesis-of-5-years-of-college-of-american-pathologists-job-market-surveys
#8
Dita Gratzinger, Kristen A Johnson, Mark D Brissette, David Cohen, Amyn M Rojiani, Richard M Conran, Robert D Hoffman, Miriam D Post, Cindy B McCloskey, Cory A Roberts, Ronald E Domen, Michael L Talbert, Suzanne Z Powell
CONTEXT: - Pathology residents and fellows tailor their training and job search strategies to an actively evolving specialty in the setting of scientific and technical advances and simultaneous changes in health care economics. OBJECTIVE: - To assess the experience and outcome of the job search process of pathologists searching for their first non-fellowship position. DESIGN: - The College of American Pathologists (CAP) Graduate Medical Education Committee has during the past 5 years sent an annual job search survey each June to CAP junior members and fellows in practice 3 years or less who have actively searched for a non-fellowship position...
December 6, 2017: Archives of Pathology & Laboratory Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29209658/surgical-pathology-resident-rotation-restructuring-at-a-tertiary-care-academic-center
#9
Chelsea R Mehr, Amrom E Obstfeld, Amanda C Barrett, Kathleen T Montone, Lauren E Schwartz
Changes in the field of pathology and resident education necessitate ongoing evaluation of residency training. Evolutionary change is particularly important for surgical pathology rotations, which form the core of anatomic pathology training programs. In the past, we organized this rotation based on subjective insight. When faced with the recent need to restructure the rotation, we strove for a more evidence-based process. Our approach involved 2 primary sources of data. We quantified the number of cases and blocks submitted per case type to estimate workload and surveyed residents about the time required to gross specimens in all organ systems...
January 2017: Academic Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29209524/heterogeneity-of-colon-cancer-from-bench-to-bedside
#10
REVIEW
Marco C Merlano, Cristina Granetto, Elena Fea, Vincenzo Ricci, Ornella Garrone
The large bowel shows biomolecular, anatomical and bacterial changes that proceed from the proximal to the distal tract. These changes account for the different behaviour of colon cancers arising from the diverse sides of the colon-rectum as well as for the sensitivity to the therapy, including immunotherapy. The gut microbiota plays an important role in the modulation of the immune response and differs between the right colon cancer and the left colorectal cancer. The qualitative and quantitative difference of the commensal bacteria between the right side and the left side induces epigenetic changes in the intestinal epithelial cells as well as in the resident immune population...
2017: ESMO Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29203542/pro-inflammatory-role-of-monocyte-derived-cx3cr1int-macrophages-in-helicobacter-hepaticus-induced-colitis
#11
Calum C Bain, Christopher J Oliphant, Carolyn A Thomson, Marika C Kullberg, Allan McI Mowat
Cells of the monocyte-macrophage lineage play important roles in the pathogenesis of inflammatory bowel diseases, but they are also present in the normal healthy intestine, where they are critical for maintaining homeostasis. It has been unclear whether the pro-inflammatory roles of intestinal macrophages reflect altered behaviour of the existing resident cells, or if they involve recruitment of a distinct cell type. Here we have explored these ideas using the model of colitis induced by Helicobacter hepaticus (Hh) in the context of neutralisation or deletion of interleukin 10 (IL-10)...
December 4, 2017: Infection and Immunity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29202771/selective-proliferative-response-of-microglia-to-alternative-polarization-signals
#12
Giovanna Pepe, Marcella De Maglie, Lucia Minoli, Alessandro Villa, Adriana Maggi, Elisabetta Vegeto
BACKGROUND: Microglia are resident myeloid cells of the central nervous system (CNS) that are maintained by self-renewal and actively participate in tissue homeostasis and immune defense. Under the influence of endogenous or pathological signals, microglia undertake biochemical transformations that are schematically classified as the pro-inflammatory M1 phenotype and the alternatively activated M2 state. Dysregulated proliferation of M1-activated microglia has detrimental effects, while an increased number of microglia with the alternative, pro-resolving phenotype might be beneficial in brain pathologies; however, the proliferative response of microglia to M2 signals is not yet known...
December 4, 2017: Journal of Neuroinflammation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29201946/cell-free-fluorescent-intra-golgi-retrograde-vesicle-trafficking-assay
#13
Nathanael P Cottam, Daniel Ungar
Intra-Golgi retrograde vesicle transport is used to traffic and sort resident Golgi enzymes to their appropriate cisternal locations. An assay was established to investigate the molecular details of vesicle targeting in a cell-free system. Stable cell lines were generated in which the trans-Golgi enzyme galactosyltransferase (GalT) was tagged with either CFP or YFP. Given that GalT is recycled to the cisterna where it is located at steady state, GalT-containing vesicles target GalT-containing cisternal membranes...
November 20, 2017: Bio-protocol
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29201643/relationships-between-brain-metabolite-levels-functional-connectivity-and-negative-mood-in-urologic-chronic-pelvic-pain-syndrome-patients-compared-to-controls-a-mapp-research-network-study
#14
Daniel E Harper, Eric Ichesco, Andrew Schrepf, Megan Halvorson, Tudor Puiu, Daniel J Clauw, Richard E Harris, Steven E Harte
Until recently, the predominant pathology of chronic pelvic pain conditions was thought to reside in the peripheral tissues. However, mounting evidence from neuroimaging studies suggests an important role of the central nervous system in the pathogenesis of these conditions. In the present cross-sectional study, proton magnetic resonance spectroscopy (1H-MRS) of the brain was conducted in female patients with urologic chronic pelvic pain syndrome (UCPPS) to determine if they exhibit abnormal concentrations of brain metabolites (e...
2018: NeuroImage: Clinical
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29200867/the-relationship-between-igf2bp2-and-pparg-polymorphisms-and-susceptibility-to-esophageal-squamous-cell-carcinomas-in-the-eastern-chinese-han-population
#15
Hao Qiu, Yafeng Wang, Mingqiang Kang, Hao Ding, Chao Liu, Weifeng Tang, Zhenzhou Xiao, Yu Chen
The aim of this case-control study was to assess whether PPARG and IGF2BP2 polymorphisms confer susceptibility to esophageal squamous-cell carcinoma (ESCC). A total of 507 patients pathologically confirmed for ESCC and 1,496 age-, sex-, and residence-matched healthy individuals were enrolled. The PPARG rs1801282 C>G and rs3856806 C>T and IGF2BP2 rs1470579 A>C and rs4402960 G>T polymorphisms were selected and genotyped by SNPscan genotyping assays. Multivariable logistic analysis suggested that the PPARG rs3856806 C>T polymorphism might increase the risk of ESCC...
2017: OncoTargets and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29196883/magnesium-lithospermate-b-suppresses-lipopolysaccharide-induced-neuroinflammation-in-bv2-microglial-cells-and-attenuates-neurodegeneration-in-lipopolysaccharide-injected-mice
#16
Yaojun Tai, Yujiao Qiu, Zhicheng Bao
Chronic inflammation in the brain plays a critical role in major neurodegenerative diseases such as Alzheimer's disease (AD), Parkinson's disease (PD), and multiple sclerosis (MS). Microglia, the resident macrophages and intrinsic components of the central nervous system (CNS), appear to be the main effectors in this pathological process. Magnesium lithospermate B (MLB) is one of the major bioactive components of Radix Salviae miltiorrhizae, which has been documented to protect neurons against multiple types of neuronal injury...
December 1, 2017: Journal of Molecular Neuroscience: MN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29192238/evaluation-of-reported-pathogenic-variants-and-their-frequencies-in-a-japanese-population-based-on-a-whole-genome-reference-panel-of-2049-individuals
#17
Yumi Yamaguchi-Kabata, Jun Yasuda, Osamu Tanabe, Yoichi Suzuki, Hiroshi Kawame, Nobuo Fuse, Masao Nagasaki, Yosuke Kawai, Kaname Kojima, Fumiki Katsuoka, Sakae Saito, Inaho Danjoh, Ikuko N Motoike, Riu Yamashita, Seizo Koshiba, Daisuke Saigusa, Gen Tamiya, Shigeo Kure, Nobuo Yaegashi, Yoshio Kawaguchi, Fuji Nagami, Shinichi Kuriyama, Junichi Sugawara, Naoko Minegishi, Atsushi Hozawa, Soichi Ogishima, Hideyasu Kiyomoto, Takako Takai-Igarashi, Kengo Kinoshita, Masayuki Yamamoto
Clarifying allele frequencies of disease-related genetic variants in a population is important in genomic medicine; however, such data is not yet available for the Japanese population. To estimate frequencies of actionable pathogenic variants in the Japanese population, we examined the reported pathological variants in genes recommended by the American College of Medical Genetics and Genomics (ACMG) in our reference panel of genomic variations, 2KJPN, which was created by whole-genome sequencing of 2049 individuals of the resident cohort of the Tohoku Medical Megabank Project...
December 1, 2017: Journal of Human Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29186811/ascorbic-acid-attenuates-senescence-of-human-osteoarthritic-osteoblasts
#18
Maximilian G Burger, Amir Steinitz, Jeroen Geurts, Benjamin E Pippenger, Dirk J Schaefer, Ivan Martin, Andrea Barbero, Karoliina Pelttari
The accumulation of senescent cells is implicated in the pathology of several age-related diseases. While the clearance of senescent cells has been suggested as a therapeutic target for patients with osteoarthritis (OA), cellular senescence of bone-resident osteoblasts (OB) remains poorly explored. Since oxidative stress is a well-known inducer of cellular senescence, we here investigated the effect of antioxidant supplementation on the isolation efficiency, expansion, differentiation potential, and transcriptomic profile of OB from osteoarthritic subchondral bone...
November 24, 2017: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29180441/neural-deletion-of-sh2b1-results-in-brain-growth-retardation-and-reactive-aggression
#19
Lin Jiang, Haoran Su, Julia M Keogh, Zheng Chen, Elana Henning, Paul Wilkinson, Ian Goodyer, I Sadaf Farooqi, Liangyou Rui
Psychiatric disorders are associated with aberrant brain development and/or aggressive behavior and are influenced by genetic factors; however, genes that affect brain aggression circuits remain elusive. Here, we show that neuronal Src-homology-2 (SH2)B adaptor protein-1 (Sh2b1) is indispensable for both brain growth and protection against aggression. Global and brain-specific deletion of Sh2b1 decreased brain weight and increased aggressive behavior. Global and brain-specific Sh2b1 knockout (KO) mice exhibited fatal, intermale aggression...
November 27, 2017: FASEB Journal: Official Publication of the Federation of American Societies for Experimental Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29180247/fewer-seniors-from-united-states-allopathic-medical-schools-are-filling-pathology-residency-positions-in-the-main-residency-match-2008-2017
#20
Ryan Philip Jajosky, Audrey N Jajosky, Daniel T Kleven, Gurmukh Singh
Some pathologists have observed that fewer American medical school trainees are entering pathology residency. This trend was measured and further explored using Main Residency Match (MRM) data from 2008 to 2017, obtained from the National Resident Matching Program (NRMP). Over the past decade, the proportion of pathology residency positions filled in the MRM which were taken by American medical school trainees decreased from 77.7% to 50.1%. This was primarily due to fewer seniors from United States (US) allopathic medical schools filling pathology positions in the MRM (298 in 2008 vs 216 in 2017, a 27...
November 24, 2017: Human Pathology
keyword
keyword
28783
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"