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Hans loewald

Gil Katz
One of the most evocative uses of the metaphor of a ghost in psychoanalytic writing was crafted by Hans Loewald in "On the Therapeutic Action of Psycho-Analysis" (1960). In this seminal work, Loewald likened the process of psychoanalytic change to that of transforming psychic ghosts into ancestors. In the present paper, the author supplements the metaphor of ghosts that haunt with the metaphor of vampires that menace, and links these two alien experiences to two psychological processes: repression and dissociation...
April 2015: Psychoanalytic Quarterly
Jonathan Lear
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2012: International Journal of Psycho-analysis
Frances Lang
Loewald's writing is notable for its musicality as well as for its content. In this article, possible early determinants of this salient aspect of his work are discussed. The intensity of Loewald's regard for Freud and, in particular, his attentiveness to Freud's language are explored. Loewald's views on the legitimacy of transference as an ongoing aspect of human motivation is discussed, along with the possible emergence in Loewald's own writing of transferences toward Freud--both oedipal level conflicts regarding parricide and preoedipal concerns regarding unity and separation...
2009: Psychoanalytic Study of the Child
Jonathan Lear
This paper argues that if one considers just a single clinical moment there may be no principled way to choose among different approaches to psychoanalytic technique. One must in addition take into account what Aristotle called the final cause of psychoanalysis, which this paper argues is freedom. However, freedom is itself an open-ended concept with many aspects that need to be explored and developed from a psychoanalytic perspective. This paper considers one analytic moment from the perspectives of the techniques of Paul Gray, Hans Loewald, the contemporary Kleinians and Jacques Lacan...
December 2009: International Journal of Psycho-analysis
Nancy J Chodorow
Hans Loewald's classic paper, "On the Therapeutic Action of Psychoanalysis" (1960), is one of our field's most comprehensive and elegant accounts of the analytic attitude and stance that are required to enable a psychoanalytic process leading to psychic change, as well as a fine-tuned and original conceptualization of that change. The author shows how Loewald, while not including technical or interpretive recommendations or claiming a new metapsychology, elaborates the multiple facets of the relationship between analyst and patient and provides a subtly complex description of the epistemology of clinical work...
October 2009: Psychoanalytic Quarterly
Jeanine M Vivona
There have been relatively few discussions of systematic studies of language, including neuroscience studies, in the psychoanalytic literature. To address this dearth, a detailed review of research on embodied language in neuroscience and related disciplines is presented, after which their findings are considered in light of diverse views of language in psychoanalysis, specifically the models of the Boston Change Process Study Group, Wilma Bucci, Fonagy and Target, David Olds, and Hans Loewald. The juxtaposition of psychoanalytic models with the findings of research on embodied language shows that scientific studies can focus psychoanalytic understanding of verbal processes, and that integrations with neuroscience neither inherently threaten the traditional psychoanalytic focus on verbal meanings nor reduce the richness and complexity of psychoanalytic theory...
December 2009: Journal of the American Psychoanalytic Association
Joel Whitebook
For some time psychoanalysts have tended to view Freud's cultural writings--concerning modernity, secularism, science, and religion--disparagingly, seeing them as the unscientific speculations of a misguided genius. But the questions Freud explored in those works are pressing topics that deserve serious attention. Just as fascism provided the historical context in which the critical theorists of the Frankfurt School developed a psychoanalytic social theory in the 1930s and 1940s, so the rise of fundamentalism demands a similar effort today...
December 2008: Journal of the American Psychoanalytic Association
J David Miller
In his 1988 monograph on sublimation, Hans Loewald describes the process as a transformation of the drives aimed at re-creating what he presumes to be the subjective experience of infantile attachment. To describe this experience, he invokes a state of mind that he calls "binocular vision." He maintains that this mental state may arise not only in activities usually associated with sublimation, such as the creation and enjoyment of art, but in all forms of sublimation, including effective psychoanalysis. Because Loewald's discussion is largely theoretical, it does not convey how the concept of binocular vision may inform clinical technique and interdisciplinary study...
December 2008: Journal of the American Psychoanalytic Association
Rosemary H Balsam
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2008: Journal of the American Psychoanalytic Association
Theodore J Jacobs
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2008: Journal of the American Psychoanalytic Association
Hans W Loewald
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2007: Psychoanalytic Quarterly
Jeanine M Vivona
Psychoanalysts have invoked infant development diversely to understand nonverbal and unspoken aspects of lived experience. Two uses of developmental notions and their implications for understanding language and the therapeutic action of psychoanalysis are juxtaposed here: Hans Loewald's conception of developmental metaphors to illuminate ineffable aspects of the clinical situation and Daniel Stern's currently popular developmental model, which draws on findings from quantitative research to explain therapeutic action in the nonverbal realm...
2006: Journal of the American Psychoanalytic Association
Robert Ehrlich
The author suggests that part of the legacy of Hans Loewald is the nature of his approach to psychoanalytic theory. Loewald carefully considered and selectively utilized the work of theorists from a number of psychoanalytic schools of thought: id psychology, object relations theory, ego psychology, self psychology, and the interpersonal tradition. In addition, he helped pave the way for the current widespread interest in intersubjectivity, and also positioned himself in relation to those who embraced hermeneutics...
July 2005: Psychoanalytic Quarterly
Joel Whitebook
Hans Loewald's work was relatively marginalized in its day and it is little known outside the United States. It is, however, assuming increasing importance in American psychoanalysis. Loewald's attractiveness as a theoretician is due, in no small part, to his rigor and synthetic reach. He is able to accomplish the difficult feat of remaining non-sectarian and systematic at the same time. Indeed, Loewald's work contains an integrative vision that is unusual in today's fragmented psychoanalytic world. This author tries to show how Loewald attempts to reconcile many of the rigid oppositions that often become reified in analytic controversies: structural theory versus relational psychoanalysis, traditionalism versus revisionism, oedipal versus pre-oedipal, modernist versus postmodernist and hermeneutical versus scientific...
February 2004: International Journal of Psycho-analysis
Nancy J Chodorow
Hans Loewald is a comprehensive and original theorist on a par with any major post-Freudian thinker, yet neither his ideas nor his person have become the basis for a Loewaldian school or approach, and he is not as well known as other innovators of comparable quality. In this paper the author attempts to characterize the scope and depth of Loewald's theory--his vision of the psyche and psychic life, or metapsychology, his characterization of the psychoanalytic process, and his vision of the clinical and human goals of psychoanalysis...
August 2003: International Journal of Psycho-analysis
Jenifer A Nields
Loewald's understanding of ego development offers a way to conceptualise, from a psychoanalytic perspective, those aspects of religious experience that can reflect or contribute to the enrichment of the ego, in contradistinction to the defensive and regressive elements of religious experience that have been well detailed in the psychoanalytic literature in the past. In Loewald's view, a dynamic and metabolic interplay between ego and reality characterises the developmental process. With increasing levels of internalisation, differentiation, individuation and integration, ego and reality are restructured into increasingly resilient and durable forms...
June 2003: International Journal of Psycho-analysis
Mary Wallach
This article introduces and suggests characteristics of the poetic analyst, as distinct from the traditional "scientific analyst." Using the writings of poets Wallace Stevens and Donald Hall, as well as writings of psychoanalysts Arieti Silvano, Thomas Ogden, Roy Schaefer, Donald Spence, and Hans Loewald, it explores the craft of the poet and demonstrates how the process of writing and reading poetry informs the process of doing psychoanalysis. It also touches upon the essential roles of imagination, intuition, and intersubjectivity in a poetic analysis, as well as how the poetic perspective builds upon narrative theory and how finding the right words in an interpretation or interaction leads to moments of transforming truth...
2003: Journal of the American Academy of Psychoanalysis and Dynamic Psychiatry
J W Jones
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2001: Psychoanalytic Review
R H Balsam
The value of neutrality as an integral aspect of a desirable analytic stance is viewed here through Hans Loewald's metaphor of theater, applied to the analytic situation. His emphases on both the analyst's subjectivity and objectivity and their influence on the "new object" are explored through clinical vignettes. James Strachey's 1934 views on similar concepts are used to highlight derived contemporary shifts influenced by Loewald's work.
1997: Psychoanalytic Study of the Child
R T Waska
Due to the extreme states of masochism, dependency, and narcissistic rage that these patients experience, the treatment must be attuned to the inevitable periods of regression and primitive defense. The patient feels compelled to be a servant to the object, yet is furious at this less than equal status. The alternating states of idealizing the object in a masochistic fashion, the anger at the lack of self importance, and the desperate hope for soothing from that object create an externally focused character structure, which generally leads to a pattern of acting out, the lack of internal linking processes, and a scarcity of interpersonal skills that foster mutuality...
September 1997: American Journal of Psychoanalysis
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