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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29768094/lower-limb-stiffness-testing-in-athletic-performance-a-critical-review
#1
Sean J Maloney, Iain M Fletcher
Stiffness describes the resistance of a body to deformation. In regard to athletic performance, a stiffer leg-spring would be expected to augment performance by increasing utilisation of elastic energy. Two-dimensional spring-mass and torsional spring models can be applied to model whole-body (vertical and/or leg stiffness) and joint stiffness. Various tasks have been used to characterise stiffness, including hopping, gait, jumping, sledge ergometry and change of direction tasks. Appropriate levels of reliability have been reported in most tasks, although they vary between investigations...
May 16, 2018: Sports Biomechanics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29764759/development-and-validation-of-the-client-engagement-and-service-use-scale-a-pilot-study
#2
Emily R Kline, Nicole R DeTore, Kristen Keefe, Larry J Seidman, Vinod H Srihari, Matcheri S Keshavan, Margaret Guyer
Specialized treatment for first episode psychosis offers clients a menu of services coordinated within a specialized treatment team. To enhance the impact of these services, promoting engagement and preventing early treatment drop-out is critical. However, engagement is poorly tracked and typically quantified through proxy variables such as session attendance, medication adherence, or working alliance. The aim of this study is to introduce and pilot a new measure of engagement for first episode psychosis coordinated specialty care, the Client Engagement and Service Use Scale (CENSUS)...
May 12, 2018: Schizophrenia Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29756600/the-development-of-neural-stimulators-a-review-of-preclinical-safety-and-efficacy-studies
#3
Robert K Shepherd, Joel Villalobos, Owen Burns, David Nayagam
OBJECTIVE: Given the rapid expansion of the field of neural stimulation and the rigorous regulatory approval requirements required before these devices can be applied clinically, it is important that there is clarity around conducting preclinical safety and efficacy studies required for the development of this technology. APPROACH: The present review examines basic design principles associated with the development of a safe neural stimulator and describes the suite of preclinical safety studies that need to be considered when taking a device to clinical trial...
May 14, 2018: Journal of Neural Engineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29752056/utility-of-angle-correction-for-hemodynamic-measurements-with-doppler-echocardiography
#4
Martin I Sigurdsson, Eun J Eoh, Vinca W Chow, Nathan H Waldron, Jayne Cleve, Alina Nicoara, Madhav Swaminathan
OBJECTIVES: The routine application angle correction (AnC) in hemodynamic measurements with transesophageal echocardiography currently is not recommended but potentially could be beneficial. The authors hypothesized that AnC can be applied reliably and may change grading of aortic stenosis (AS). DESIGN: Retrospective analysis. SETTING: Single institution, university hospital. PARTICIPANTS: During phase I, use of AnC was assessed in 60 consecutive patients with intraoperative transesophageal echocardiography...
April 6, 2018: Journal of Cardiothoracic and Vascular Anesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29735134/inter-and-intraobserver-reliability-of-pelvic-obliquity-measurement-methods-in-patients-with-cerebral-palsy
#5
M Wade Shrader, Emily M Andrisevic, Mohan V Belthur, Gregory R White, Carla Boan, William Wood
STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective, chart review. OBJECTIVES: The identification and management of pelvic obliquity in neuromuscular scoliosis can be difficult; therefore, appropriate evaluation of this pathology is important. Variations in presentation have resulted in various methods of measurement, without a consensus or gold standard measurement. This study is the evaluation of reliability of five methods commonly used to determine pelvic obliquity in the frontal plane...
May 2018: Spine Deformity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29730215/inter-rater-reliability-for-metrics-scored-in-a-binary-fashion-performance-assessment-for-an-arthroscopic-bankart-repair
#6
Anthony G Gallagher, Richard K N Ryu, Robert A Pedowitz, Patrick Henn, Richard L Angelo
PURPOSE: To determine the inter-rater reliability (IRR) of a procedure-specific checklist scored in a binary fashion for the evaluation of surgical skill and whether it meets a minimum level of agreement (≥0.8 between 2 raters) required for high-stakes assessment. METHODS: In a prospective randomized and blinded fashion, and after detailed assessment training, 10 Arthroscopy Association of North America Master/Associate Master faculty arthroscopic surgeons (in 5 pairs) with an average of 21 years of surgical experience assessed the video-recorded 3-anchor arthroscopic Bankart repair performance of 44 postgraduate year 4 or 5 residents from 21 Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education orthopaedic residency training programs from across the United States...
May 2, 2018: Arthroscopy: the Journal of Arthroscopic & related Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29729659/improving-health-care-for-critically-ill-patients-using-an-evidence-based-collaborative-approach-to-abcdef-bundle-dissemination-and-implementation
#7
Mary Ann Barnes-Daly, Brenda T Pun, Lori A Harmon, Diane G Byrum, Vishakha K Kumar, John W Devlin, Joanna L Stollings, Kathleen A Puntillo, Heidi J Engel, Patricia J Posa, Juliana Barr, William D Schweickert, Cheryl L Esbrook, Ken D Hargett, Shannon S Carson, J Matthew Aldrich, E Wesley Ely, Michele C Balas
BACKGROUND: Patients admitted to intensive care units (ICUs) often experience pain, oversedation, prolonged mechanical ventilation, delirium, and weakness. These conditions are important in that they often lead to protracted physical, neurocognitive, and mental health sequelae now termed postintensive care syndrome. Changing current ICU practice will not only require the adoption of evidence-based interventions but the development of effective and reliable teams to support these new practices...
May 5, 2018: Worldviews on Evidence-based Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29710725/prevalence-of-dementia-and-associated-risk-factors-a-population-based-study-in-the-philippines
#8
Jacqueline Dominguez, Ma Fe de Guzman, Macario Reandelar, Thien Kieu Thi Phung
BACKGROUND: The Philippines is experiencing rapid demographic aging and with it, the dementia epidemic. Prevalence of dementia and associated risk factors have not been studied in the Philippines. OBJECTIVES: The study aimed to provide a reliable estimate of dementia prevalence and identify associated risk factors in the Filipino population. METHODS: 1460 participants 60 years and older were randomly selected from the Marikina City's senior registry...
April 25, 2018: Journal of Alzheimer's Disease: JAD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29679047/a-quality-improvement-initiative-to-reduce-necrotizing-enterocolitis-across-hospital-systems
#9
Amy T Nathan, Laura Ward, Kurt Schibler, Laurel Moyer, Andrew South, Heather C Kaplan
OBJECTIVE: Necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC) is a devastating intestinal disease in premature infants. Local rates of NEC were unacceptably high. We hypothesized that utilizing quality improvement methodology to standardize care and apply evidence-based practices would reduce our rate of NEC. STUDY DESIGN: A multidisciplinary team used the model for improvement to prioritize interventions. Three neonatal intensive care units (NICUs) developed a standardized feeding protocol for very low birth weight (VLBW) infants, and employed strategies to increase the use of human milk, maximize intestinal perfusion, and promote a healthy microbiome...
April 20, 2018: Journal of Perinatology: Official Journal of the California Perinatal Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29674371/automation-of-ct-based-haemorrhagic-stroke-assessment-for-improved-clinical-outcomes-study-protocol-and-design
#10
Betty Chinda, George Medvedev, William Siu, Martin Ester, Ali Arab, Tao Gu, Sylvain Moreno, Ryan C N D'Arcy, Xiaowei Song
INTRODUCTION: Haemorrhagic stroke is of significant healthcare concern due to its association with high mortality and lasting impact on the survivors' quality of life. Treatment decisions and clinical outcomes depend strongly on the size, spread and location of the haematoma. Non-contrast CT (NCCT) is the primary neuroimaging modality for haematoma assessment in haemorrhagic stroke diagnosis. Current procedures do not allow convenient NCCT-based haemorrhage volume calculation in clinical settings, while research-based approaches are yet to be tested for clinical utility; there is a demonstrated need for developing effective solutions...
April 19, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29672872/neuromuscular-ultrasound-of-the-brachial-plexus-a-standardized-approach
#11
REVIEW
Vanessa Baute, Jeffrey A Strakowski, Jon W Reynolds, Kristopher R Karvelas, Paul Ehlers, Kevin J Brenzy, Zhongyu J Li, Michael S Cartwright
Reliable assessment of brachial plexus disorders can be challenging due to the complexity of the anatomy and variation of potential pathology. Electrodiagnostic testing can be both uncomfortable for the patient and inconclusive. Ultrasound can serve as a complement to clinical assessment, electrodiagnostic testing, and other imaging modalities. This paper describes a systematic approach for performing neuromuscular ultrasound for suspected pathology in the brachial plexus. The literature regarding techniques for brachial plexus ultrasound was reviewed...
April 19, 2018: Muscle & Nerve
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29659375/validity-reliability-feasibility-and-usefulness-of-pain-monitor-a-multidimensional-smartphone-app-for-daily-monitoring-of-adults-with-heterogeneous-chronic-pain
#12
Carlos Suso-Ribera, Diana Castilla, Irene Zaragozá, María Victoria Ribera-Canudas, Cristina Botella, Azucena García-Palacios
OBJECTIVES: Ecological momentary assessment is recommended in the management of chronic pain. Smartphone apps might be a useful tool for that purpose. This study goal was to develop and test a multidimensional smartphone app for adults with chronic pain. A multidisciplinary team developed app content after a series of meetings, considering clinical guidelines for pain measurement. Content included pain intensity and interference, fatigue, mood, perceived health status, activity level, side effects of the medication, use of rescue medication, and pain-related psychological constructs (catastrophizing, acceptance, fear, and coping)...
April 13, 2018: Clinical Journal of Pain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29624577/a-decade-of-the-world-register-of-marine-species-general-insights-and-experiences-from-the-data-management-team-where-are-we-what-have-we-learned-and-how-can-we-continue
#13
Leen Vandepitte, Bart Vanhoorne, Wim Decock, Sofie Vranken, Thomas Lanssens, Stefanie Dekeyzer, Kevin Verfaille, Tammy Horton, Andreas Kroh, Francisco Hernandez, Jan Mees
The World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) celebrated its 10th anniversary in 2017. WoRMS is a unique database: there is no comparable global database for marine species, which is driven by a large, global expert community, is supported by a Data Management Team and can rely on a permanent host institute, dedicated to keeping WoRMS online. Over the past ten years, the content of WoRMS has grown steadily, and the system currently contains more than 242,000 accepted marine species. WoRMS has not yet reached completeness: approximately 2,000 newly described species per year are added, and editors also enter the remaining missing older names-both accepted and unaccepted-an effort amounting to approximately 20,000 taxon name additions per year...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29610049/the-king-devick-test-is-a-valid-and-reliable-tool-for-assessing-sport-related-concussion-in-australian-football-a-prospective-cohort-study
#14
Mark Hecimovich, Doug King, Alasdair R Dempsey, Myles Murphy
OBJECTIVES: Sport-related concussion (SRC) research has focused on impaired oculomotor function. The King-Devick (K-D) test measures oculomotor performance and is reported to identify suboptimal brain function. The use of the K-D test in Australian football (AF), a sport involving body contact and tackling, has not been documented. Therefore, the objective of this study was to determine the test-retest reliability and diagnostic accuracy of the K-D test on a sub-elite AF team. DESIGN: Prospective cohort study METHODS: In total, 22 male players (19...
March 28, 2018: Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29609941/development-and-validation-of-a-tool-to-evaluate-inpatient-beliefs-expectations-and-attitudes-toward-reflexology-ibear-16
#15
Samuel Attias, Elad Schiff, Zahi Arnon, Eran Ben-Arye, Yael Keshet, Gideon Sroka, Ibrahim Matter, Lital Keinan Boker
BACKGROUND: The integration of manual therapies, including reflexology, into conventional care settings is growing extensively. Patients' beliefs, attitudes and expectations toward these therapies interact with their outcomes, but currently there are no validated tools to evaluate these factors. We aimed to design and to validate such a tool specifically targeted into reflexology. METHODS: Following input of a multidisciplinary team of experts, the self-administered Inpatient Beliefs, Expectations and Attitudes toward Reflexology (IBEAR) questionnaire was constructed, containing 25 items, 8 referring to demographics and 17 specifically addressing reflexology...
April 2018: Complementary Therapies in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29608326/a-statewide-quality-improvement-collaborative-to-increase-breastfeeding-rates-in-tennessee
#16
Julie L Ware, Karen E Schetzina, Anna Morad, Brenda Barker, Theresa A Scott, Peter H Grubb
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Tennessee has low breastfeeding rates and has identified opportunities for improvement to enhance maternity practices to support breastfeeding mothers. We sought a 10% relative increase in the aggregate Joint Commission measure of breastfeeding exclusivity at discharge (TJC PC-05) by focusing on high-reliability (≥90%) implementation of processes that promote breastfeeding in the delivery setting. METHODS: A statewide, multidisciplinary development team reviewed evidence from the WHO-UNICEF "Ten Steps to Successful Breastfeeding" to create a consensus toolkit of process indicators aligned with the Ten Steps...
April 2, 2018: Breastfeeding Medicine: the Official Journal of the Academy of Breastfeeding Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29606098/learning-from-errors-assessing-final-year-medical-students-reflection-on-safety-improvement-five-year-cohort-study
#17
Vicki Tully, Douglas Murphy, Evridiki Fioratou, Arun Chaudhuri, James Shaw, Peter Davey
BACKGROUND: Investigation of real incidents has been consistently identified by expert reviews and student surveys as a potentially valuable teaching resource for medical students. The aim of this study was to adapt a published method to measure resident doctors' reflection on quality improvement and evaluate this as an assessment tool for medical students. METHODS: The design is a cohort study. Medical students were prepared with a tutorial in team based learning format and an online Managing Incident Review course...
April 2, 2018: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29604147/implementation-of-a-patient-safety-program-at-a-tertiary-health-system-a-longitudinal-analysis-of-interventions-and-serious-safety-events
#18
Douglas P Cropper, Nidal H Harb Md, Patricia A Said, Jon H Lemke, Nicolas W Shammas Md Ejd Ms
BACKGROUND: We hypothesize that implementation of a safety program based on high reliability organization principles will reduce serious safety events (SSE). METHODS: The safety program focused on 7 essential elements: (a) safety rounding, (b) safety oversight teams, (c) safety huddles, (d) safety coaches, (e) good catches/safety heroes, (f) safety education, and (g) red rule. An educational curriculum was implemented focusing on changing high-risk behaviors and implementing critical safety policies...
March 31, 2018: Journal of Healthcare Risk Management: the Journal of the American Society for Healthcare Risk Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29596953/measuring-the-reliability-and-validity-of-the-greek-edition-of-the-diabetes-quality-of-life-brief-clinical-inventory
#19
Maria Rekleiti, Kyriakos Souliotis, Pavlos Sarafis, Maria Tsironi, Ioannis Kyriazis
BACKGROUND: The present study focuses on studying the validity and reliability of the Greek edition of DQOL-BCI. DQOL-BCI includes 15 questions-elements that are evaluated on a 5-grade scale like Likert and two general form-shapes. METHODS: The translation process was conducted in conformity with the guidelines of EuroQol group. A non-random sample of 65 people-patients diagnosed with diabetes I and II was selected. The questionnaire that was used to collect the data was the translated version of DQOL-BCI, and included the demographic characteristics of the interviewees...
March 26, 2018: Diabetes Research and Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29594676/patient-and-health-professional-satisfaction-with-an-interdisciplinary-patient-safety-program
#20
Oreto Ruiz-Millo, Mónica Climente-Martí, José Ramón Navarro-Sanz
Background Measuring humanistic outcomes is an important component of valuating healthcare services. There is a paucity of data on satisfaction with pharmacist implemented clinical services in long-term care settings. Objective To evaluate patient and health professional (HP) satisfaction with an interdisciplinary patient safety program performed in elderly patients with polypharmacy admitted to a long-term care hospital (LTCH). Method An interventional, longitudinal, prospective study was conducted in a Spanish LTCH...
March 28, 2018: International Journal of Clinical Pharmacy
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