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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28344464/the-biomechanics-of-standing-start-and-initial-acceleration-reliability-of-the-key-determining-kinematics
#1
Regan J Standing, Peter S Maulder
The reliability of the key determining kinematic variables associated with short sprint performance provide insight into how and why movement may vary between individual trials. Currently, literature surrounding these determinants is scarce when investigating the first three strides of a sprint. The purpose of this study was to investigate the reliability of sprint acceleration and the key kinematic determinants involved during the first three steps of the movement. The aim was to use a practical method of kinematic analysis to help explain why changes may occur in sprint performance via the use of correlative statistics and to provide reference values for intervention research to make conclusions about their change scores...
March 2017: Journal of Sports Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28326095/potential-of-legume-brassica-intercrops-for-forage-production-and-green-manure-encouragements-from-a-temperate-southeast-european-environment
#2
REVIEW
Ana M Jeromela, Aleksandar M Mikić, Svetlana Vujić, Branko Ćupina, Đorđe Krstić, Aleksandra Dimitrijević, Sanja Vasiljević, Vojislav Mihailović, Sandra Cvejić, Dragana Miladinović
Legumes and brassicas have much in common: importance in agricultural history, rich biodiversity, numerous forms of use, high adaptability to diverse farming designs, and various non-food applications. Rare available resources demonstrate intercropping legumes and brassicas as beneficial to both, especially for the latter, profiting from better nitrogen nutrition. Our team aimed at designing a scheme of the intercrops of autumn- and spring-sown annual legumes with brassicas for ruminant feeding and green manure, and has carried out a set of field trials in a temperate Southeast European environment and during the past decade, aimed at assessing their potential for yields of forage dry matter and aboveground biomass nitrogen and their economic reliability via land equivalent ratio...
2017: Frontiers in Plant Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28323584/evidence-for-gz-adaptation-observed-with-wearable-biosensors-during-high-performance-jet-flight
#3
G Merrill Rice, Dallas Snider, Jeffrey L Moore, J Timothy Lavan, Rich Folga, Thomas B VanBrunt
INTRODUCTION: Few studies have evaluated physiological responses to high acceleration forces during actual flight and to our knowledge no normative data has been acquired by technologies such as wearable biosensors during high performance jet aircraft operations. METHODS: In-flight physiological data from an FDA cleared portable triaxial accelerometer and bio-sensor were observed from five active duty F-18 pilots of the Naval Flight Demonstration Squadron (Blue Angels)...
December 1, 2016: Aerospace Medicine and Human Performance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28318522/prognostic-stratification-and-healthcare-approach-in-patients-with-multiple-pathologies
#4
M Bernabeu-Wittel, B Barón-Franco, D Nieto-Martín, L Moreno-Gaviño, N Ramírez-Duque, M Ollero-Baturone
Polypathological patients constitute a prevalent, fairly homogeneous population, which is characterised by high clinical complexity, substantial vulnerability and significant resource consumption, in addition to high mortality and the need for comprehensive, coordinated care. It is particularly important to establish a reliable prognosis in these patients. It is also extremely useful for professionals involved in the decision-making process for patients and their families in vital planning and their preferences, for strategic health planning in management fields, and for clinical research, by facilitating their incorporation into clinical trials and other intervention studies...
March 16, 2017: Revista Clínica Española
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28277111/inter-cycle-and-inter-observer-variability-of-the-antral-follicle-count-in-routine-clinical-practice
#5
Jessica Subirá, Jose Alberola-Rubio, María Jose Núñez, Alicia Marzal Escrivá, Antonio Pellicer, Vicente Montañana, César Díaz-García
Antral follicle count (AFC) is a reliable predictor of ovarian response to stimulation and its inter-cycle and inter-observer variability has been extensively studied on in vitro fertilization (IVF), mostly in highly selected populations within studies not originally designed for this purpose. In this retrospective cohort study, we assess the inter-cycle variation of AFC in a setting similar to that of the daily practice. We included only patients undergoing mild stimulation for intrauterine insemination (IUI)...
March 3, 2017: Gynecological Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28256927/use-of-failure-mode-effect-analysis-fmea-to-improve-medication-management-process
#6
Khushboo Jain
Purpose Medication management is a complex process, at high risk of error with life threatening consequences. The focus should be on devising strategies to avoid errors and make the process self-reliable by ensuring prevention of errors and/or error detection at subsequent stages. The purpose of this paper is to use failure mode effect analysis (FMEA), a systematic proactive tool, to identify the likelihood and the causes for the process to fail at various steps and prioritise them to devise risk reduction strategies to improve patient safety...
March 13, 2017: International Journal of Health Care Quality Assurance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28256009/adaptation-of-macarthur-communicative-development-inventory-in-rural-pakistan-useful-tool-for-early-childhood-studies
#7
M A Rasheed, G Tabussum, Z H Habib, A K Yousafzai
BACKGROUND: Given the significance of early language for later academic achievement, language development can be an important outcome measure in evaluation of early childhood intervention programmes. Language development may be challenging to assess in settings where trained personnel are hard to find; therefore, maternal report can be a reliable alternative measure. AIM: The aim of this study was to adapt a maternal report measure, the MacArthur Communicative Development Inventory II-Short Form, in the Sindhi language and to examine its psychometric properties as a measure of language outcome in 2-year-old children in rural Pakistan...
March 3, 2017: Child: Care, Health and Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28248804/standardizing-the-initial-resuscitation-of-the-trauma-patient-with-the-primary-assessment-completion-tool-pact-using-video-review
#8
Lee Ann Wurster, Rajan K Thakkar, Kathy J Haley, Krista K Wheeler, Jeremy Larson, Michael Stoner, Yaffa Gewirtz, Todd Holman, Don Buckingham, Jonathan I Groner
BACKGROUND: Major trauma resuscitations at pediatric trauma centers have an elevated risk for error due to their high acuity and relatively low frequency. The Advanced Trauma Life Support® (ATLS®) treatment paradigm was established to improve the management of trauma patients during the initial resuscitation phase and has been shown to improve outcomes through a standardized approach. The goal of this quality improvement project was to decrease assessment physician variability and improve the compliance with the ATLS® primary assessment for major resuscitations...
February 28, 2017: Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28247870/teledermatology-in-the-inpatient-setting
#9
Rechelle Tull, Karolyn A Wanat
Teledermatology (TD) is a health care delivery modality that uses telecommunication technology to provide dermatologic care. It has grown to be a reliable and diagnostically accurate means of producing quality care while increasing access and reducing wait times in the outpatient setting. In the inpatient setting, TD may be an effective method to improve access to dermatologic care by remotely triaging, assisting, or providing dermatologic consultative services. For inpatient dermatology, there is the potential for TD to increase access to care in the community setting where dermatologists have full outpatient schedules...
March 2017: Seminars in Cutaneous Medicine and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28215200/health-team-for-the-elderly-a-feasibility-study-for-preventive-home-visits
#10
Berit Seiger Cronfalk, Astrid Fjell, Nina Carstens, Lars Malvin Kvinge Rosseland, Arvid Rongve, Dag-Helge Rönnevik, Åke Seiger, Knut Skaug, Karen Johanne Ugland Vae, Marianne Hauge Wennersberg, Anne-Marie Boström
The aim was to describe the development, utilization and feasibility of a model of preventive home visits, in an urban and a rural municipality in Norway. BACKGROUND: Older people >65 years will rise significantly in coming years. Increased age is associated with risk of disability, illness and need for public health services. Preventive home visits is assumed to help older people to maintain their functional level longer, delaying disease and thus delaying the need for health care...
February 20, 2017: Primary Health Care Research & Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28203335/is-the-bayley-scales-of-infant-and-toddler-developmental-screening-test-valid-and-reliable-for-persian-speaking-children
#11
Farin Soleimani, Nadia Azari, Roshanak Vameghi, Firoozeh Sajedi, Soheila Shahshahani, Hossein Karimi, Adis Kraskian, Amin Shahrokhi, Robab Teymouri, Masoud Gharib
BACKGROUND: Advances in perinatal and neonatal care have substantially improved the survival of at-risk infants over the past two decades. OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to assess the reliability and validity of the Bayley Scales of infant and toddler developmental Screening test in Persian-speaking children. METHODS: This was a cross-sectional prospective study of 403 children aged 1 - 42-months. The Bayley scales screening instrument, which consists of five domains (cognitive, receptive, and expressive communication and fine and gross motor items), was used to measure infants' and toddlers' development...
October 2016: Iranian Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28196562/deference-to-expertise-making-care-safer
#12
Gwendolyn Cherese Godlock, Rebecca Suzie Miltner, Dori Taylor Sullivan
Since the seminal report by the Institute of Medicine, To Err Is Human, was issued in 1999, significant efforts across the health care industry have been launched to improve the safety and quality of patient care. Recent advances in the safety of health care delivery have included commitment to creating high-reliability organizations (HROs) to enhance existing quality improvement activities. This article will explore key elements of the HRO concept of deference to expertise, describe the structural elements that support nurses and other personnel in speaking up, and provide examples of practical, evidence-based tools to help organizations support and encourage all members of the health care team to speak up...
February 1, 2017: Creative Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28195980/importance-reliability-and-usefulness-of-acceleration-measures-in-team-sports
#13
Jace A Delaney, Cloe J Cummins, Heidi R Thornton, Grant M Duthie
The ability to accelerate, decelerate and change direction efficiently is imperative to successful team-sports performance. Traditional intensity-based thresholds for acceleration and deceleration may be inappropriate for time-series data, and have been shown to exhibit poor reliability, suggesting other techniques may be preferable. This study assessed movement data from one professional rugby league team throughout two full seasons and one pre-season period. Using both 5 Hz and 10 Hz global positioning systems (GPS) units, a range of acceleration-based variables were evaluated for their inter-unit reliability, ability to discriminate between positions, and associations with perceived muscle soreness...
February 8, 2017: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28194208/identification-and-assessment-of-common-errors-in-the-admission-process-of-patients-in-isfahan-fertility-and-infertility-center-based-on-failure-modes-and-effects-analysis
#14
Ashraf Dehghan, Rouhollah Sheikh Abumasoudi, Soheila Ehsanpour
BACKGROUND: Infertility and errors in the process of its treatment have a negative impact on infertile couples. The present study was aimed to identify and assess the common errors in the reception process by applying the approach of "failure modes and effects analysis" (FMEA). MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this descriptive cross-sectional study, the admission process of fertility and infertility center of Isfahan was selected for evaluation of its errors based on the team members' decision...
November 2016: Iranian Journal of Nursing and Midwifery Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28193598/barriers-to-remote-health-interventions-for-type-2-diabetes-a-systematic-review-and-proposed-classification-scheme
#15
Michelle M Alvarado, Hye-Chung Kum, Karla Gonzalez Coronado, Margaret J Foster, Pearl Ortega, Mark A Lawley
BACKGROUND: Diabetes self-management involves adherence to healthy daily habits typically involving blood glucose monitoring, medication, exercise, and diet. To support self-management, some providers have begun testing remote interventions for monitoring and assisting patients between clinic visits. Although some studies have shown success, there are barriers to widespread adoption. OBJECTIVE: The objective of our study was to identify and classify barriers to adoption of remote health for management of type 2 diabetes...
February 13, 2017: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28193439/simulation-in-neonatal-transport-medicine
#16
REVIEW
Douglas M Campbell, Rita Dadiz
The safe transport of infants in critical condition requires highly reliable inter-professional transport teams that are equipped with the expertise to provide neonatal care in unfamiliar and resource-limited environments. Increasingly, transport teams are comprised of health professionals from various disciplines. Providing didactic and experiential learning alone is insufficient to fully prepare teams that have limited exposure to rare events. Simulation-based training supplements and reinforces knowledge, skills, and the experiences of team members...
November 2016: Seminars in Perinatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28186497/agility-in-young-athletes-is-it-a-different-ability-from-speed-and-power
#17
Yassine Negra, Helmi Chaabene, Mehréz Hammami, Samiha Amara, Senda Sammoud, Bessem Mkaouer, Younés Hachana
Negra, Y, Chaabene, H, Hammami, M, Amara, S, Sammoud, S, Mkaouer, B, and Hachana, Y. Agility in young athletes: is it a different ability from speed and power? J Strength Cond Res 31(3): 727-735, 2017-Agility is an important physical attribute for successful participation in team sports events. Illinois agility test (IAT) and T-test have been widely used within adult team sports players to assess agility performance. The purposes of this investigation are (a) to study the reliability and the sensitivity of both IAT and T-test scores and (b) to explore to what extend the agility is an independent physical ability from speed time and jumping ability...
March 2017: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28178770/interventions-to-improve-antibiotic-prescribing-practices-for-hospital-inpatients
#18
REVIEW
Peter Davey, Charis A Marwick, Claire L Scott, Esmita Charani, Kirsty McNeil, Erwin Brown, Ian M Gould, Craig R Ramsay, Susan Michie
BACKGROUND: Antibiotic resistance is a major public health problem. Infections caused by multidrug-resistant bacteria are associated with prolonged hospital stay and death compared with infections caused by susceptible bacteria. Appropriate antibiotic use in hospitals should ensure effective treatment of patients with infection and reduce unnecessary prescriptions. We updated this systematic review to evaluate the impact of interventions to improve antibiotic prescribing to hospital inpatients...
February 9, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28167376/identifying-elder-abuse-neglect-among-family-caregiving-dyads-a-cross-sectional-study-of-psychometric-properties-of-the-qualcare-scale
#19
Carolyn E Z Pickering, Kimberly Ridenour, Zachary Salaysay, David Reyes-Gastelum, Steven J Pierce
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Universal screening for elder abuse and neglect is a current controversy in geriatrics, fueled by the lack of evidence on valid and reliable instruments. Since each U.S. State and many other countries have their own legal definitions of what constitutes elder abuse and neglect, this further complicates instrument development and clinical assessment. The purpose of this paper is to present data on the sensitivity and specificity of the QualCare Scale, an instrument with utility in detecting clinically significant elder abuse and neglect among older adults receiving care at home...
January 30, 2017: International Journal of Nursing Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28152963/kaiser-permanente-georgia-colon-cancer-care-through-the-science-of-performance-improvement
#20
(no author information available yet)
250 Background: While our patients reported high satisfaction with the care they received, Kaiser Permanente Georgia's baseline assessment found variation in the way our colon cancer patients were diagnosed and received care. This variation also effects the cycle time from diagnosis to initiation of treatment (surgery or first infusion). METHODS: Using Kaiser Permanente's Performance Improvement methodology and interdisciplinary cooperation, this project launched in January of 2014. A multidisciplinary team representing the GI, Surgery, Oncology, Nursing, Radiology, Palliative Care and Patient Safety departments, was formed and facilitated by a PI specialist to examine the different workflows...
March 2016: Journal of Clinical Oncology: Official Journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
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