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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28920525/can-urologists-accurately-stage-and-grade-urothelial-bladder-cancer-by-assessing-endoscopic-photographs
#1
Snir Dekalo, Haim Matzkin, Nicola J Mabjeesh
Introduction Assessment of urothelial bladder cancer during cystoscopy or transurethral resection of bladder tumour has a significant impact on the urologist's decision-making: treatment with simple outpatient fulguration, required depth of resection, and need of immediate post-surgical intravesical therapy. These choices depend heavily on the urologist's ability to accurately assess pre-biopsy tumour stage and grade. The aim of the study was to determine whether evaluation of photographs taken during transurethral resection of bladder tumour can reliably characterize a tumour's stage and grade...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Telemedicine and Telecare
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28911877/validity-and-reliability-of-naturalistic-driving-scene-categorization-judgments-from-crowdsourcing
#2
Christopher D D Cabrall, Zhenji Lu, Miltos Kyriakidis, Laura Manca, Chris Dijksterhuis, Riender Happee, Joost de Winter
A common challenge with processing naturalistic driving data is that humans may need to categorize great volumes of recorded visual information. By means of the online platform CrowdFlower, we investigated the potential of crowdsourcing to categorize driving scene features (i.e., presence of other road users, straight road segments, etc.) at greater scale than a single person or a small team of researchers would be capable of. In total, 200 workers from 46 different countries participated in 1.5days. Validity and reliability were examined, both with and without embedding researcher generated control questions via the CrowdFlower mechanism known as Gold Test Questions (GTQs)...
September 11, 2017: Accident; Analysis and Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28901005/delivery-arrangements-for-health-systems-in-low-income-countries-an-overview-of-systematic-reviews
#3
REVIEW
Agustín Ciapponi, Simon Lewin, Cristian A Herrera, Newton Opiyo, Tomas Pantoja, Elizabeth Paulsen, Gabriel Rada, Charles S Wiysonge, Gabriel Bastías, Lilian Dudley, Signe Flottorp, Marie-Pierre Gagnon, Sebastian Garcia Marti, Claire Glenton, Charles I Okwundu, Blanca Peñaloza, Fatima Suleman, Andrew D Oxman
BACKGROUND: Delivery arrangements include changes in who receives care and when, who provides care, the working conditions of those who provide care, coordination of care amongst different providers, where care is provided, the use of information and communication technology to deliver care, and quality and safety systems. How services are delivered can have impacts on the effectiveness, efficiency and equity of health systems. This broad overview of the findings of systematic reviews can help policymakers and other stakeholders identify strategies for addressing problems and improve the delivery of services...
September 13, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28882167/implementation-and-results-of-an-integrated-data-quality-assurance-protocol-in-a-randomized-controlled-trial-in-uttar-pradesh-india
#4
Jonathon D Gass, Anamika Misra, Mahendra Nath Singh Yadav, Fatima Sana, Chetna Singh, Anup Mankar, Brandon J Neal, Jennifer Fisher-Bowman, Jenny Maisonneuve, Megan Marx Delaney, Krishan Kumar, Vinay Pratap Singh, Narender Sharma, Atul Gawande, Katherine Semrau, Lisa R Hirschhorn
BACKGROUND: There are few published standards or methodological guidelines for integrating Data Quality Assurance (DQA) protocols into large-scale health systems research trials, especially in resource-limited settings. The BetterBirth Trial is a matched-pair, cluster-randomized controlled trial (RCT) of the BetterBirth Program, which seeks to improve quality of facility-based deliveries and reduce 7-day maternal and neonatal mortality and maternal morbidity in Uttar Pradesh, India. In the trial, over 6300 deliveries were observed and over 153,000 mother-baby pairs across 120 study sites were followed to assess health outcomes...
September 7, 2017: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28873881/developing-an-assessment-tool-for-touch-screen-devices
#5
Alexandra Danial-Saad, Lorenzo Chiari
Touch screen devices have become prevalent in our lives. Assistive technology experts working with people with disabilities face difficulty in understanding and assessing the problems experienced by individuals with disabilities in operating touch screen devices. This paper presents the processes of collecting and creating the required knowledge needed for assessing the user's skills for operating various touch screen devices, in order to develop an application for assessing the user's abilities and limitations...
2017: Studies in Health Technology and Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28873087/women-s-and-men-s-reports-of-past-year-prevalence-of-intimate-partner-violence-and-rape-and-women-s-risk-factors-for-intimate-partner-violence-a-multicountry-cross-sectional-study-in-asia-and-the-pacific
#6
Rachel Jewkes, Emma Fulu, Ruchira Tabassam Naved, Esnat Chirwa, Kristin Dunkle, Regine Haardörfer, Claudia Garcia-Moreno
BACKGROUND: Understanding the past-year prevalence of male-perpetrated intimate partner violence (IPV) and risk factors is essential for building evidence-based prevention and monitoring progress to Sustainable Development Goal (SDG) 5.2, but so far, population-based research on this remains very limited. The objective of this study is to compare the population prevalence rates of past-year male-perpetrated IPV and nonpartner rape from women's and men's reports across 4 countries in Asia and the Pacific...
September 2017: PLoS Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28872371/reliability-of-wearable-inertial-measurement-units-to-measure-physical-activity-in-team-handball
#7
Live S Luteberget, Benjamin R Holme, Matt Spencer
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to assess the reliability and sensitivity of commercially available inertial measurement units (IMU) to measure physical activity in team handball. METHOD: Twenty-two handball players were instrumented with two IMUs (OptimEye S5, Catapult Sports, Australia) taped together. They participated in either a laboratory assessment (n=10), consisting of seven team handball specific tasks, or field assessment (n=12) conducted in twelve training sessions...
September 5, 2017: International Journal of Sports Physiology and Performance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28844234/using-simulation-to-improve-systems-based-practices
#8
Aimee K Gardner, Maximilian Johnston, James R Korndorffer, Imad Haque, John T Paige
BACKGROUND: Ensuring the safe, effective management of patients requires efficient processes of care within a smoothly operating system in which highly reliable teams of talented, skilled health care providers are able to use the vast array of high-technology resources and intensive care techniques available. Simulation can play a unique role in exploring and improving the complex perioperative system by proactively identifying latent safety threats and mitigating their damage to ensure that all those who work in this critical health care environment can provide optimal levels of patient care...
September 2017: Joint Commission Journal on Quality and Patient Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28832178/-radiotherapy-of-lung-tumours-in-idiopathic-pulmonary-fibrosis
#9
V Kolek, M Vašáková, M Šterclová, K Cwiertka, D Vrána, A Kudláček, J Skřičková, M Pešek, J Petera
BACKGROUND: This article is a joint statement of the Czech Pneumological and Physiological Society and the Czech Society for Radiation Oncology, Biology and Physics, and reviews current opinions on radiotherapy in patients with idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF). In general, radiotherapy of lung tumours is associated with risk of radiation pneumonitis (RP); moreover, IPF may be complicated by acute exacerbations (AE-IPF). Both complications may immediately threaten patients lives. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Assessment of individual radiotherapy modalities has shown that conventional radiotherapy is not appropriate, especially in large tumours...
2017: Klinická Onkologie: Casopis Ceské a Slovenské Onkologické Spolecnosti
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28828092/evaluation-of-the-illinois-change-of-direction-test-in-youth-elite-soccer-players-of-different-age
#10
Yassine Negra, Helmi Chaabene, Samiha Amara, Slobodan Jaric, Mehréz Hammami, Younés Hachana
Change of direction ability is an essential pre-requisite in team sports athletes. The Illinois change of direction test has been routinely used for testing change of direction ability in soccer players. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the Illinois change of direction test in young elite soccer players in terms of its reliability, usefulness and relationship with body size. A total of one hundred and ninety-four male, national-level soccer players were recruited. They were classified into four age groups (U-8, U-10, U-12 and U-14)...
September 2017: Journal of Human Kinetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28821526/development-and-testing-of-the-culture-of-care-barometer-cocb-in-healthcare-organisations-a-mixed-methods-study
#11
Anne Marie Rafferty, Julia Philippou, Joanne M Fitzpatrick, Geoff Pike, Jane Ball
OBJECTIVE: Concerns about care quality have prompted calls to create workplace cultures conducive to high-quality, safe and compassionate care and to provide a supportive environment in which staff can operate effectively. How healthcare organisations assess their culture of care is an important first step in creating such cultures. This article reports on the development and validation of a tool, the Culture of Care Barometer, designed to assess perceptions of a caring culture among healthcare workers preliminary to culture change...
August 18, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28818708/non-technical-skills-assessment-for-prelicensure-nursing-students-an-integrative-review
#12
REVIEW
Sara Pires, Sara Monteiro, Anabela Pereira, Daniela Chaló, Elsa Melo, Alexandre Rodrigues
BACKGROUND: In nursing, non-technical skills are recognized as playing an important role to increase patient safety and successful clinical outcomes (Pearson and McLafferty, 2011). Non-technical skills are cognitive and social resource skills that complement technical skills and contribute to safe and efficient task performance (Flin et al., 2008). In order to effectively provide non-technical skills training, it is essential to have an instrument to measure these skills. METHODOLOGY: An online search was conducted...
August 12, 2017: Nurse Education Today
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28814576/children-s-hospitals-solutions-for-patient-safety-collaborative-impact-on-hospital-acquired-harm
#13
Anne Lyren, Richard J Brilli, Karen Zieker, Miguel Marino, Stephen Muething, Paul J Sharek
OBJECTIVES: To determine if an improvement collaborative of 33 children's hospitals focused on reliable best practice implementation and culture of safety improvements can reduce hospital-acquired conditions (HACs) and serious safety events (SSEs). METHODS: A 3-year prospective cohort study design with a 12-month historical control population was completed by the Children's Hospitals' Solutions for Patient Safety collaborative. Identification and dissemination of best practices related to 9 HACs and SSE reduction focused on key process and culture of safety improvements...
September 2017: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28811270/developing-and-evaluating-jiapp-acceptability-and-usability-of-a-smartphone-app-system-to-improve-self-management-in-young-people-with-juvenile-idiopathic-arthritis
#14
Ran A Cai, Dominik Beste, Hema Chaplin, Socrates Varakliotis, Linda Suffield, Francesca Josephs, Debajit Sen, Lucy R Wedderburn, Yiannakis Ioannou, Stephen Hailes, Despina Eleftheriou
BACKGROUND: Flare-ups in juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA) are characterized by joint pain and swelling and often accompanied with fatigue, negative emotions, and reduced participation in activities. To minimize the impact of JIA on the physical and psychosocial development and well-being of young people (YP), it is essential to regularly monitor disease activity and side effects, as well as to support self-management such as adherence to treatment plans and engagement in general health-promoting behaviors...
August 15, 2017: JMIR MHealth and UHealth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28805087/preliminary-investigation-of-the-reliability-and-validity-of-the-birt-independent-living-scale
#15
Sara D S Ramos, Michael Oddy, Lorraine Haye, Anna Goodson
PURPOSE: Neurorehabilitation aims to increase independence and participation in ordinary life. It is argued that the fundamental indices of this are independent living and engagement in occupational or productive activity. The Brain Injury Rehabilitation Trust Independent Living Scale was designed to capture change in levels of participation and independence following neurorehabilitation. With greater use of outcome measures in health care, it becomes necessary to develop tools which are simple to use and that capture the holistic impact of rehabilitation...
August 13, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28800492/adding-abiraterone-to-androgen-deprivation-therapy-in-men-with-metastatic-hormone-sensitive-prostate-cancer-a%C3%A2-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#16
Larysa H M Rydzewska, Sarah Burdett, Claire L Vale, Noel W Clarke, Karim Fizazi, Thian Kheoh, Malcolm D Mason, Branko Miladinovic, Nicholas D James, Mahesh K B Parmar, Melissa R Spears, Christopher J Sweeney, Matthew R Sydes, NamPhuong Tran, Jayne F Tierney
BACKGROUND: There is a need to synthesise the results of numerous randomised controlled trials evaluating the addition of therapies to androgen deprivation therapy (ADT) for men with metastatic hormone-sensitive prostate cancer (mHSPC). This systematic review aims to assess the effects of adding abiraterone acetate plus prednisone/prednisolone (AAP) to ADT. METHODS: Using our framework for adaptive meta-analysis (FAME), we started the review process before trials had been reported and worked collaboratively with trial investigators to anticipate when eligible trial results would emerge...
August 8, 2017: European Journal of Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28797282/who-should-take-care-of-me-preferences-of-old-age-individuals-for-characteristics-of-professional-long-term-caregivers-an-observational-cross-sectional-study
#17
André Hajek, Thomas Lehnert, Annemarie Wegener, Steffi G Riedel-Heller, Hans-Helmut König
BACKGROUND: It is most likely that the need for long-term care increases considerably in the next decades due to demographic shifts. Thus, we aimed at identifying the preferences for characteristics of professional long-term caregivers among old age individuals in Germany. METHODS: Data were gathered from a population-based survey of the German population aged 65 and above in 2015 (n = 1006). RESULTS: It was important for individuals in old age that long-term caregivers were 'empathetic, kind' (99...
August 10, 2017: BMC Research Notes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28796973/the-role-of-social-cue-utilization-and-closing-the-loop-communication-in-the-performance-of-ad-hoc-dyads
#18
Daniel J Yee, Mark W Wiggins, Ben J Searle
OBJECTIVE: To examine whether social cue utilization impacts the performance of ad hoc dyads through its relationship with closing the loop, a communication process whereby team members respond more frequently to initiating statements made by others. BACKGROUND: There lacks unequivocal experimental evidence for any single cognitive-based process that might predict the performance of ad hoc teams. METHOD: Using a quasi-experimental design, 80 participants were classified into 40 dyads based on their levels of social cue utilization and attempted a team problem-solving task...
September 2017: Human Factors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28776153/visual-liver-score-to-stratify-non-alcoholic-steatohepatitis-risk-and-determine-selective-intraoperative-liver-biopsy-in-obesity
#19
Geraldine J Ooi, Paul R Burton, Arul Earnest, Cheryl Laurie, William W Kemp, Peter D Nottle, Catriona A McLean, Stuart K Roberts, Wendy A Brown
BACKGROUND: Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) and its progressive form, non-alcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH), are endemic in obesity. We aimed to evaluate the diagnostic accuracy and reproducibility of a simple intraoperative visual liver score to stratify the risk of NASH and NAFLD in obesity and determine the need for liver biopsy. METHODS: This is a prospective cohort study of obese adults undergoing bariatric surgery. The surgical team used a visual liver score to evaluate liver colour, size and surface...
August 3, 2017: Obesity Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28760162/producing-cochrane-systematic-reviews-a-qualitative-study-of-current-approaches-and-opportunities-for-innovation-and-improvement
#20
Tari Turner, Sally Green, David Tovey, Steve McDonald, Karla Soares-Weiser, Charlotte Pestridge, Julian Elliott
BACKGROUND: Producing high-quality, relevant systematic reviews and keeping them up to date is challenging. Cochrane is a leading provider of systematic reviews in health. For Cochrane to continue to contribute to improvements in heath, Cochrane Reviews must be rigorous, reliable and up to date. We aimed to explore existing models of Cochrane Review production and emerging opportunities to improve the efficiency and sustainability of these processes. METHODS: To inform discussions about how to best achieve this, we conducted 26 interviews and an online survey with 106 respondents...
August 1, 2017: Systematic Reviews
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