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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28530486/y-balance-test-performance-following-a-competitive-field-hockey-season-a-pretest-posttest-study
#1
Matthew C Hoch, Lauren A Welsch, Emily M Hartley, Cameron J Powden, Johanna M Hoch
CONTEXT: The Y-Balance Test (YBT) is a dynamic balance assessment used as a preseason musculoskeletal screen to determine injury risk. While the YBT has demonstrated excellent test-retest reliability, it is unknown if YBT performance changes following participation in a competitive athletic season. OBJECTIVE: Determine if a competitive athletic season affects YBT performance in field hockey players. DESIGN: Pretest-posttest. SETTING: Laboratory...
May 22, 2017: Journal of Sport Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28508338/fluid-balance-in-team-sport-athletes-and-the-effect-of-hypohydration-on-cognitive-technical-and-physical-performance
#2
REVIEW
Ryan P Nuccio, Kelly A Barnes, James M Carter, Lindsay B Baker
Sweat losses in team sports can be significant due to repeated bursts of high-intensity activity, as well as the large body size of athletes, equipment and uniform requirements, and environmental heat stress often present during training and competition. In this paper we aimed to: (1) describe sweat losses and fluid balance changes reported in team sport athletes, (2) review the literature assessing the impact of hypohydration on cognitive, technical, and physical performance in sports-specific studies, (3) briefly review the potential mechanisms by which hypohydration may impact team sport performance, and (4) discuss considerations for future directions...
May 15, 2017: Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28507165/reliability-and-validity-of-an-agility-like-incremental-exercise-test-with-multidirectional-change-of-direction-movements-in-response-to-a-visual-stimulus
#3
Dennis-Peter Born, Philipp Kunz, Billy Sperlich
The aim of the study was to evaluate the reliability and validity of cardiorespiratory and metabolic variables, that is, peak oxygen uptake (V'O2peak) and heart rate (HRpeak), obtained from an agility-like incremental exercise test for team sport athletes. To investigate the test-retest reliability, 25 team sport athletes (age: 22 ± 3 years, body mass: 75 ± 7 kg, height: 182 ± 6 cm) performed an agility-like incremental exercise test on the SpeedCourt (SC) system incorporating multidirectional change-of-direction (COD) movements twice...
May 2017: Physiological Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28505171/rapid-deployment-of-a-mobile-biosafety-level-3-laboratory-in-sierra-leone-during-the-2014-ebola-virus-epidemic
#4
Yi Zhang, Yan Gong, Chengyu Wang, Wensen Liu, Zhongyi Wang, Zhiping Xia, Zhaoyang Bu, Huijun Lu, Yang Sun, Xiaoguang Zhang, Yuxi Cao, Fan Yang, Haoxiang Su, Yi Hu, Yongqiang Deng, Bo Zhou, Zongzheng Zhao, Yingying Fu, David Kargbo, Foday Dafae, Brima Kargbo, Alex Kanu, Linna Liu, Jun Qian, Zhendong Guo
BACKGROUND: Ebola virus emerged in West Africa in December 2013. The high population mobility and poor public health infrastructure in this region led to the development of the largest Ebola virus disease (EVD) outbreak to date. METHODOLOGY/PRINCIPAL FINDINGS: On September 26, 2014, China dispatched a Mobile Biosafety Level-3 Laboratory (MBSL-3 Lab) and a well-trained diagnostic team to Sierra Leone to assist in EVD diagnosis using quantitative real-time PCR, which allowed the diagnosis of suspected EVD cases in less than 4 hours from the time of sample receiving...
May 15, 2017: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28499032/development-of-a-new-tool-for-systematic-observation-of-nursing-home-resident-and-staff-engagement-and-relationship
#5
A Lynn Snow, M Lindsey Jacobs, Jennifer A Palmer, Patricia A Parmelee, Rebecca S Allen, Nancy J Wewiorski, Michelle M Hilgeman, Latrice D Vinson, Dan R Berlowitz, Anne D Halli-Tierney, Christine W Hartmann
Purpose of Study: To develop a structured observational tool, the Resident-centered Assessment of Interactions with Staff and Engagement tool (RAISE), to measure 2 critical, multi-faceted, organizational-level aspects of person-centered care (PCC) in nursing homes: (a) resident engagement and (b) the quality and frequency of staff-resident interactions. Design and Methods: In this multi-method psychometric development study, we conducted (a) 120 hr of ethnographic observations in one nursing home and (b) a targeted literature review to enable construct development...
May 11, 2017: Gerontologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28490195/the-takei-handheld-dynamometer-an-effective-clinical-outcome-measure-tool-for-hand-and-wrist-function-in-boxing
#6
Ian Gatt, Sophie Smith-Moore, Charlie Steggles, Mike Loosemore
BACKGROUND: The aim of this article was to explore retrospectively the Takei dynamometer as a valid and reliable outcome measure tool for hand and wrist pathology in the Great Britain amateur boxing squad between 2010 and 2014. METHODS: Longitudinal retrospective injury surveillance of the Great Britain boxing squad was performed from 2010 to 2014. The location, region affected, description, and duration of each injury were recorded by the team doctor and team physiotherapists...
May 1, 2017: Hand: Official Journal of the American Association for Hand Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28489282/collaborative-writing-applications-in-healthcare-effects-on-professional-practice-and-healthcare-outcomes
#7
REVIEW
Patrick M Archambault, Tom H van de Belt, Craig Kuziemsky, Ariane Plaisance, Audrey Dupuis, Carrie A McGinn, Rebecca Francois, Marie-Pierre Gagnon, Alexis F Turgeon, Tanya Horsley, William Witteman, Julien Poitras, Jean Lapointe, Kevin Brand, Jean Lachaine, France Légaré
BACKGROUND: Collaborative writing applications (CWAs), such as wikis and Google Documents, hold the potential to improve the use of evidence in both public health and healthcare. Although a growing body of literature indicates that CWAs could have positive effects on healthcare, such as improved collaboration, behavioural change, learning, knowledge management, and adaptation of knowledge to local context, this has never been assessed systematically. Moreover, several questions regarding safety, reliability, and legal aspects exist...
May 10, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28488823/intra-system-reliability-of-sics-video-tracking-system-digital-stadium%C3%A2-for-performance-analysis-in-football
#8
Marco Beato, Mikael Jamil
BACKGROUND: The correct evaluation of external load parameters is a key factor in professional football. The instrumentations usually utilised to quantify the external load parameters during official matches are Video-Tracking Systems (VTS). VTS is a technology that records two- dimensional position data (x and y) at high sampling rates (over 25 Hz). The aim of this study was to evaluate the intra-system reliability of Digital.Stadium® VTS. METHODS: 28 professional male football players taking part in the Italian Serie A (age 24 ± 6 years, body mass 79...
May 9, 2017: Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28462035/whole-genome-sequencing-of-group-a-streptococcus-development-and-evaluation-of-an-automated-pipeline-for-emmgene-typing
#9
Georgia Kapatai, Juliana Coelho, Steven Platt, Victoria J Chalker
Streptococcus pyogenes group A Streptococcus (GAS) is the most common cause of bacterial throat infections, and can cause mild to severe skin and soft tissue infections, including impetigo, erysipelas, necrotizing fasciitis, as well as systemic and fatal infections including septicaemia and meningitis. Estimated annual incidence for invasive group A streptococcal infection (iGAS) in industrialised countries is approximately three per 100,000 per year. Typing is currently used in England and Wales to monitor bacterial strains of S...
2017: PeerJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28450648/the-validity-and-reliability-test-of-the-indonesian-version-of-gastroesophageal-reflux-disease-quality-of-life-gerd-qol-questionnaire
#10
Laura A Siahaan, Ari F Syam, Marcellus Simadibrata, Siti Setiati
AIM: to obtain a valid and reliable GERD-QOL questionnaire for Indonesian application. METHODS: at the initial stage, the GERD-QOL questionnaire was first translated into Indonesian language and the translated questionnaire was subsequently translated back into the original language (back-to-back translation). The results were evaluated by the researcher team and therefore, an Indonesian version of GERD-QOL questionnaire was developed. Ninety-one patients who had been clinically diagnosed with GERD based on the Montreal criteria were interviewed using the Indonesian version of GERD-QOL questionnaire and the SF 36 questionnaire...
January 2017: Acta Medica Indonesiana
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28434964/reconstruction-of-cranial-vault-defect-with-polyetheretherketone-peek-implants
#11
Pierre Brandicourt, Franck Delanoé, Franck-Emmanuel Roux, Florian Jalbert, David Brauge, Frédéric Lauwers
OBJECT: Reconstruction of a cranial vault defect is a frequent challenge in neurosurgery. Polyetheretherketone (PEEK) is used in many types of prostheses and has been employed for 10 years in our institution (University Hospital of Toulouse - France). The objectives of this study are to describe the benefits and drawbacks of reconstructing the cranial vault defect with a PEEK prosthesis. METHODS: Clinical data of the 37 patients who received a reconstruction with a custom-made PEEK prosthesis from 2007 to 2015 were retrospectively analysed...
April 18, 2017: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28424823/-coma-in-the-emergency-room
#12
M Braun, C J Ploner, T Lindner, M Möckel, W U Schmidt
Coma of unknown origin (CUO) is a frequent unspecific emergency symptom associated with a high mortality. A fast diagnostic work-up is essential given the wide spectrum of underlying diagnoses that are made up of approximately 50% primary central nervous system (CNS) pathologies and approximately 50% extracerebral, almost exclusively internal medical causes. Despite the high mortality associated with this symptom, there are currently no generally accepted management guidelines for adult patients presenting with CUO...
April 19, 2017: Der Nervenarzt
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28417888/general-concepts-of-patient-safety-for-the-oral-and-maxillofacial-surgeon
#13
REVIEW
David W Todd
Whether managing patients in private offices or as part of a care team at hospitals, oral and maxillofacial surgeons owe it to patients to understand medical error and take action to reduce its frequency and adverse effects. This article reviews general concepts of patient safety, including high-reliability organization, crew resource management, simulation training, root cause analysis, and just culture.
May 2017: Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28406071/validation-and-reliability-of-the-spanish-version-of-the-function-in-sitting-test-s-fist-to-assess-sitting-balance-in-subacute-post-stroke-adult-patients
#14
Rosa Cabanas-Valdés, Caritat Bagur-Calafat, Fernanda Maria Caballero-Gómez, Carmen Cervera-Cuenca, Raúl Moya-Valdés, Pere Ramón Rodríguez-Rubio, Gerard Urrútia
BACKGROUND: Function in Sitting Test (FIST) is a clinical functional assessment of sitting balance validated in adults with stroke. For a major use of this, the test is recommended to be translated in Spanish-speaking countries. OBJECTIVES: Translate to Spanish the FIST and determine its intra-rater and inter-rater reliabilities and concurrent validity as a measure of sitting balance in adult individuals with stroke. METHODS: The original version was translated into Spanish and was agreed by a team of experts...
April 13, 2017: Topics in Stroke Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28394664/an-exploration-of-nurse-physician-perceptions-of-collaborative-behaviour
#15
Alice E Collette, Kristen Wann, Meredith L Nevin, Karen Rique, Grant Tarrant, Lorraine A Hickey, Jaynelle F Stichler, Belinda M Toole, Tanna Thomason
Interprofessional collaboration is a key element in providing safe, holistic patient care in the acute care setting. Trended data at a community hospital indicated opportunities for improvement in collaboration on micro, meso, and macro levels. The aim of this survey study was to assess the current state of collaboration between frontline nurses and physicians at a non-academic acute care hospital. A convenience sample of participants was recruited with a final respondent sample of 355 nurses and 82 physicians...
April 10, 2017: Journal of Interprofessional Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28392680/validation-of-the-veritas-pro-treatment-adherence-scale-in-a-spanish-sample-population-with-hemophilia
#16
Rubén Cuesta-Barriuso, Ana Torres-Ortuño, Pilar Galindo-Piñana, Joaquín Nieto-Munuera, Natalie Duncan, José Antonio López-Pina
PURPOSE: We aimed to conduct a validation in Spanish of the Validated Hemophilia Regimen Treatment Adherence Scale - Prophylaxis (VERITAS-Pro) questionnaire for use in patients with hemophilia under prophylactic treatment. PATIENTS AND METHODS: The VERITAS-Pro scale was adapted through a process of back translation from English to Spanish. A bilingual native Spanish translator translated the scale from English to Spanish. Subsequently, a bilingual native English translator translated the scale from Spanish to English...
2017: Patient Preference and Adherence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28377137/hazards-and-incidents-detection-and-learning-in-radiation-medicine-a-comparison-of-2-educational-interventions
#17
Robert Thompson, Yilan Lu, Marc Potvin, Jordan Holmes, Lisa Di Prospero, Brian Keller, Ewa Szumacher, Brian Liszewski, Pamela Catton, Meredith Giuliani, Bethany Pitcher, Melania Pintilie, Jean-Pierre Bissonnette
PURPOSE: Interprofessional, educational live simulations were compared with group discussion-based exercises in terms of their ability to improve radiation medicine trainees' ability to detect hazards and incidents and understand behaviors that may prevent them. METHODS AND MATERIALS: Trainees and recent graduates of radiation therapy, medical physics, and radiation oncology programs were recruited and randomized to either a simulation-based or group discussion-based training intervention...
February 27, 2017: Practical Radiation Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28367725/evaluating-situation-awareness-an-integrative-review
#18
Sabrina B Orique, Laurel Despins
Situation awareness (SA) refers to the conscious awareness of the current situation in relation to one's environment. In nursing, loss or failure to achieve high levels of SA is linked with adverse patient outcomes. The purpose of this integrative review is to examine various instruments and techniques used to measure SA among nurses across academic and clinical settings. Computerized database and ancestry search strategies resulted in 40 empirical research reports. Of the reports included in the review, 24 measured SA among teams that included nurses and 16 measured SA solely in nurses...
March 1, 2017: Western Journal of Nursing Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28367460/the-impact-of-the-teachers-non-verbal-communication-on-success-in-teaching
#19
Fatemeh Bambaeeroo, Nasrin Shokrpour
INTRODUCTION: Non-verbal communication skills, also called sign language or silent language, include all behaviors performed in the presence of others or perceived either consciously or unconsciously. The main aim of this review article was to determine the effect of the teachers' non-verbal communication on success in teaching using the findings of the studies conducted on the relationship between quality of teaching and the teachers' use of non-verbal communication and also its impact on success in teaching...
April 2017: Journal of Advances in Medical Education & Professionalism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28344464/the-biomechanics-of-standing-start-and-initial-acceleration-reliability-of-the-key-determining-kinematics
#20
Regan J Standing, Peter S Maulder
The reliability of the key determining kinematic variables associated with short sprint performance provide insight into how and why movement may vary between individual trials. Currently, literature surrounding these determinants is scarce when investigating the first three strides of a sprint. The purpose of this study was to investigate the reliability of sprint acceleration and the key kinematic determinants involved during the first three steps of the movement. The aim was to use a practical method of kinematic analysis to help explain why changes may occur in sprint performance via the use of correlative statistics and to provide reference values for intervention research to make conclusions about their change scores...
March 2017: Journal of Sports Science & Medicine
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