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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28434964/reconstruction-of-cranial-vault-defect-with-polyetheretherketone-peek-implants
#1
Pierre Brandicourt, Franck Delanoé, Franck-Emmanuel Roux, Florian Jalbert, David Brauge, Frédéric Lauwers
OBJECT: Reconstruction of a cranial vault defect is a frequent challenge in neurosurgery. Polyetheretherketone (PEEK) is used in many types of prostheses and has been employed for 10 years in our institution (University Hospital of Toulouse - France). The objectives of this study are to describe the benefits and drawbacks of reconstructing the cranial vault defect with a PEEK prosthesis. METHODS: Clinical data of the 37 patients who received a reconstruction with a custom-made PEEK prosthesis from 2007 to 2015 were retrospectively analysed...
April 18, 2017: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28424823/-coma-in-the-emergency-room
#2
M Braun, C J Ploner, T Lindner, M Möckel, W U Schmidt
Coma of unknown origin (CUO) is a frequent unspecific emergency symptom associated with a high mortality. A fast diagnostic work-up is essential given the wide spectrum of underlying diagnoses that are made up of approximately 50% primary central nervous system (CNS) pathologies and approximately 50% extracerebral, almost exclusively internal medical causes. Despite the high mortality associated with this symptom, there are currently no generally accepted management guidelines for adult patients presenting with CUO...
April 19, 2017: Der Nervenarzt
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28417888/general-concepts-of-patient-safety-for-the-oral-and-maxillofacial-surgeon
#3
REVIEW
David W Todd
Whether managing patients in private offices or as part of a care team at hospitals, oral and maxillofacial surgeons owe it to patients to understand medical error and take action to reduce its frequency and adverse effects. This article reviews general concepts of patient safety, including high-reliability organization, crew resource management, simulation training, root cause analysis, and just culture.
May 2017: Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28406071/validation-and-reliability-of-the-spanish-version-of-the-function-in-sitting-test-s-fist-to-assess-sitting-balance-in-subacute-post-stroke-adult-patients
#4
Rosa Cabanas-Valdés, Caritat Bagur-Calafat, Fernanda Maria Caballero-Gómez, Carmen Cervera-Cuenca, Raúl Moya-Valdés, Pere Ramón Rodríguez-Rubio, Gerard Urrútia
BACKGROUND: Function in Sitting Test (FIST) is a clinical functional assessment of sitting balance validated in adults with stroke. For a major use of this, the test is recommended to be translated in Spanish-speaking countries. OBJECTIVES: Translate to Spanish the FIST and determine its intra-rater and inter-rater reliabilities and concurrent validity as a measure of sitting balance in adult individuals with stroke. METHODS: The original version was translated into Spanish and was agreed by a team of experts...
April 13, 2017: Topics in Stroke Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28394664/an-exploration-of-nurse-physician-perceptions-of-collaborative-behaviour
#5
Alice E Collette, Kristen Wann, Meredith L Nevin, Karen Rique, Grant Tarrant, Lorraine A Hickey, Jaynelle F Stichler, Belinda M Toole, Tanna Thomason
Interprofessional collaboration is a key element in providing safe, holistic patient care in the acute care setting. Trended data at a community hospital indicated opportunities for improvement in collaboration on micro, meso, and macro levels. The aim of this survey study was to assess the current state of collaboration between frontline nurses and physicians at a non-academic acute care hospital. A convenience sample of participants was recruited with a final respondent sample of 355 nurses and 82 physicians...
April 10, 2017: Journal of Interprofessional Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28392680/validation-of-the-veritas-pro-treatment-adherence-scale-in-a-spanish-sample-population-with-hemophilia
#6
Rubén Cuesta-Barriuso, Ana Torres-Ortuño, Pilar Galindo-Piñana, Joaquín Nieto-Munuera, Natalie Duncan, José Antonio López-Pina
PURPOSE: We aimed to conduct a validation in Spanish of the Validated Hemophilia Regimen Treatment Adherence Scale - Prophylaxis (VERITAS-Pro) questionnaire for use in patients with hemophilia under prophylactic treatment. PATIENTS AND METHODS: The VERITAS-Pro scale was adapted through a process of back translation from English to Spanish. A bilingual native Spanish translator translated the scale from English to Spanish. Subsequently, a bilingual native English translator translated the scale from Spanish to English...
2017: Patient Preference and Adherence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28377137/hazards-and-incidents-detection-and-learning-in-radiation-medicine-a-comparison-of-2-educational-interventions
#7
Robert Thompson, Yilan Lu, Marc Potvin, Jordan Holmes, Lisa Di Prospero, Brian Keller, Ewa Szumacher, Brian Liszewski, Pamela Catton, Meredith Giuliani, Bethany Pitcher, Melania Pintilie, Jean-Pierre Bissonnette
PURPOSE: Interprofessional, educational live simulations were compared with group discussion-based exercises in terms of their ability to improve radiation medicine trainees' ability to detect hazards and incidents and understand behaviors that may prevent them. METHODS AND MATERIALS: Trainees and recent graduates of radiation therapy, medical physics, and radiation oncology programs were recruited and randomized to either a simulation-based or group discussion-based training intervention...
February 27, 2017: Practical Radiation Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28367725/evaluating-situation-awareness-an-integrative-review
#8
Sabrina B Orique, Laurel Despins
Situation awareness (SA) refers to the conscious awareness of the current situation in relation to one's environment. In nursing, loss or failure to achieve high levels of SA is linked with adverse patient outcomes. The purpose of this integrative review is to examine various instruments and techniques used to measure SA among nurses across academic and clinical settings. Computerized database and ancestry search strategies resulted in 40 empirical research reports. Of the reports included in the review, 24 measured SA among teams that included nurses and 16 measured SA solely in nurses...
March 1, 2017: Western Journal of Nursing Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28367460/the-impact-of-the-teachers-non-verbal-communication-on-success-in-teaching
#9
Fatemeh Bambaeeroo, Nasrin Shokrpour
INTRODUCTION: Non-verbal communication skills, also called sign language or silent language, include all behaviors performed in the presence of others or perceived either consciously or unconsciously. The main aim of this review article was to determine the effect of the teachers' non-verbal communication on success in teaching using the findings of the studies conducted on the relationship between quality of teaching and the teachers' use of non-verbal communication and also its impact on success in teaching...
April 2017: Journal of Advances in Medical Education & Professionalism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28344464/the-biomechanics-of-standing-start-and-initial-acceleration-reliability-of-the-key-determining-kinematics
#10
Regan J Standing, Peter S Maulder
The reliability of the key determining kinematic variables associated with short sprint performance provide insight into how and why movement may vary between individual trials. Currently, literature surrounding these determinants is scarce when investigating the first three strides of a sprint. The purpose of this study was to investigate the reliability of sprint acceleration and the key kinematic determinants involved during the first three steps of the movement. The aim was to use a practical method of kinematic analysis to help explain why changes may occur in sprint performance via the use of correlative statistics and to provide reference values for intervention research to make conclusions about their change scores...
March 2017: Journal of Sports Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28326095/potential-of-legume-brassica-intercrops-for-forage-production-and-green-manure-encouragements-from-a-temperate-southeast-european-environment
#11
REVIEW
Ana M Jeromela, Aleksandar M Mikić, Svetlana Vujić, Branko Ćupina, Đorđe Krstić, Aleksandra Dimitrijević, Sanja Vasiljević, Vojislav Mihailović, Sandra Cvejić, Dragana Miladinović
Legumes and brassicas have much in common: importance in agricultural history, rich biodiversity, numerous forms of use, high adaptability to diverse farming designs, and various non-food applications. Rare available resources demonstrate intercropping legumes and brassicas as beneficial to both, especially for the latter, profiting from better nitrogen nutrition. Our team aimed at designing a scheme of the intercrops of autumn- and spring-sown annual legumes with brassicas for ruminant feeding and green manure, and has carried out a set of field trials in a temperate Southeast European environment and during the past decade, aimed at assessing their potential for yields of forage dry matter and aboveground biomass nitrogen and their economic reliability via land equivalent ratio...
2017: Frontiers in Plant Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28323584/evidence-for-gz-adaptation-observed-with-wearable-biosensors-during-high-performance-jet-flight
#12
G Merrill Rice, Dallas Snider, Jeffrey L Moore, J Timothy Lavan, Rich Folga, Thomas B VanBrunt
INTRODUCTION: Few studies have evaluated physiological responses to high acceleration forces during actual flight and to our knowledge no normative data has been acquired by technologies such as wearable biosensors during high performance jet aircraft operations. METHODS: In-flight physiological data from an FDA cleared portable triaxial accelerometer and bio-sensor were observed from five active duty F-18 pilots of the Naval Flight Demonstration Squadron (Blue Angels)...
December 1, 2016: Aerospace Medicine and Human Performance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28318522/prognostic-stratification-and-healthcare-approach-in-patients-with-multiple-pathologies
#13
M Bernabeu-Wittel, B Barón-Franco, D Nieto-Martín, L Moreno-Gaviño, N Ramírez-Duque, M Ollero-Baturone
Polypathological patients constitute a prevalent, fairly homogeneous population, which is characterised by high clinical complexity, substantial vulnerability and significant resource consumption, in addition to high mortality and the need for comprehensive, coordinated care. It is particularly important to establish a reliable prognosis in these patients. It is also extremely useful for professionals involved in the decision-making process for patients and their families in vital planning and their preferences, for strategic health planning in management fields, and for clinical research, by facilitating their incorporation into clinical trials and other intervention studies...
March 16, 2017: Revista Clínica Española
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28277111/inter-cycle-and-inter-observer-variability-of-the-antral-follicle-count-in-routine-clinical-practice
#14
Jessica Subirá, Jose Alberola-Rubio, María Jose Núñez, Alicia Marzal Escrivá, Antonio Pellicer, Vicente Montañana, César Díaz-García
Antral follicle count (AFC) is a reliable predictor of ovarian response to stimulation and its inter-cycle and inter-observer variability has been extensively studied on in vitro fertilization (IVF), mostly in highly selected populations within studies not originally designed for this purpose. In this retrospective cohort study, we assess the inter-cycle variation of AFC in a setting similar to that of the daily practice. We included only patients undergoing mild stimulation for intrauterine insemination (IUI)...
March 3, 2017: Gynecological Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28256927/use-of-failure-mode-effect-analysis-fmea-to-improve-medication-management-process
#15
Khushboo Jain
Purpose Medication management is a complex process, at high risk of error with life threatening consequences. The focus should be on devising strategies to avoid errors and make the process self-reliable by ensuring prevention of errors and/or error detection at subsequent stages. The purpose of this paper is to use failure mode effect analysis (FMEA), a systematic proactive tool, to identify the likelihood and the causes for the process to fail at various steps and prioritise them to devise risk reduction strategies to improve patient safety...
March 13, 2017: International Journal of Health Care Quality Assurance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28256009/adaptation-of-macarthur-communicative-development-inventory-in-rural-pakistan-useful-tool-for-early-childhood-studies
#16
M A Rasheed, G Tabussum, Z H Habib, A K Yousafzai
BACKGROUND: Given the significance of early language for later academic achievement, language development can be an important outcome measure in evaluation of early childhood intervention programmes. Language development may be challenging to assess in settings where trained personnel are hard to find; therefore, maternal report can be a reliable alternative measure. AIM: The aim of this study was to adapt a maternal report measure, the MacArthur Communicative Development Inventory II-Short Form, in the Sindhi language and to examine its psychometric properties as a measure of language outcome in 2-year-old children in rural Pakistan...
March 3, 2017: Child: Care, Health and Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28248804/standardizing-the-initial-resuscitation-of-the-trauma-patient-with-the-primary-assessment-completion-tool-pact-using-video-review
#17
Lee Ann Wurster, Rajan K Thakkar, Kathy J Haley, Krista K Wheeler, Jeremy Larson, Michael Stoner, Yaffa Gewirtz, Todd Holman, Don Buckingham, Jonathan I Groner
BACKGROUND: Major trauma resuscitations at pediatric trauma centers have an elevated risk for error due to their high acuity and relatively low frequency. The Advanced Trauma Life Support® (ATLS®) treatment paradigm was established to improve the management of trauma patients during the initial resuscitation phase and has been shown to improve outcomes through a standardized approach. The goal of this quality improvement project was to decrease assessment physician variability and improve the compliance with the ATLS® primary assessment for major resuscitations...
February 28, 2017: Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28247870/teledermatology-in-the-inpatient-setting
#18
Rechelle Tull, Karolyn A Wanat
Teledermatology (TD) is a health care delivery modality that uses telecommunication technology to provide dermatologic care. It has grown to be a reliable and diagnostically accurate means of producing quality care while increasing access and reducing wait times in the outpatient setting. In the inpatient setting, TD may be an effective method to improve access to dermatologic care by remotely triaging, assisting, or providing dermatologic consultative services. For inpatient dermatology, there is the potential for TD to increase access to care in the community setting where dermatologists have full outpatient schedules...
March 2017: Seminars in Cutaneous Medicine and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28215200/health-team-for-the-elderly-a-feasibility-study-for-preventive-home-visits
#19
Berit Seiger Cronfalk, Astrid Fjell, Nina Carstens, Lars Malvin Kvinge Rosseland, Arvid Rongve, Dag-Helge Rönnevik, Åke Seiger, Knut Skaug, Karen Johanne Ugland Vae, Marianne Hauge Wennersberg, Anne-Marie Boström
The aim was to describe the development, utilization and feasibility of a model of preventive home visits, in an urban and a rural municipality in Norway. BACKGROUND: Older people >65 years will rise significantly in coming years. Increased age is associated with risk of disability, illness and need for public health services. Preventive home visits is assumed to help older people to maintain their functional level longer, delaying disease and thus delaying the need for health care...
February 20, 2017: Primary Health Care Research & Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28203335/is-the-bayley-scales-of-infant-and-toddler-developmental-screening-test-valid-and-reliable-for-persian-speaking-children
#20
Farin Soleimani, Nadia Azari, Roshanak Vameghi, Firoozeh Sajedi, Soheila Shahshahani, Hossein Karimi, Adis Kraskian, Amin Shahrokhi, Robab Teymouri, Masoud Gharib
BACKGROUND: Advances in perinatal and neonatal care have substantially improved the survival of at-risk infants over the past two decades. OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to assess the reliability and validity of the Bayley Scales of infant and toddler developmental Screening test in Persian-speaking children. METHODS: This was a cross-sectional prospective study of 403 children aged 1 - 42-months. The Bayley scales screening instrument, which consists of five domains (cognitive, receptive, and expressive communication and fine and gross motor items), was used to measure infants' and toddlers' development...
October 2016: Iranian Journal of Pediatrics
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