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Melanie klein

Wei Shen Tan, Benjamin Wilfrid Lamb, Pramit Khetrapal, Mae-Yen Tan, Melanie El Tan, Ashwin Sridhar, Elizabeth Cervi, Simon Rodney, Gerald Busuttil, Senthil Nathan, John Hines, Greg Shaw, Anna Mohammed, Hilary Baker, Timothy P Briggs, Andrew Klein, Toby Richards, John D Kelly
OBJECTIVES: To assess the prevalence of preoperative anaemia and the impact of preoperative anaemia and blood transfusion requirement on 30- and 90-day complications in a cohort of patients undergoing robotic assisted radical cystectomy with intracorporeal urinary diversion (iRARC). PATIENTS & METHODS: IRARC was performed on 166 patients between June 2011-March 2016. Prospective data was collected for patient demographics, clinical and pathological characteristics, perioperative variables, transfusion requirements and hospital length of stay...
November 30, 2016: Journal of Endourology
Miriam Rothdiener, Miriam Hegemann, Tatiana Uynuk-Ool, Brandan Walters, Piruntha Papugy, Phong Nguyen, Valentin Claus, Tanja Seeger, Ulrich Stoeckle, Karen A Boehme, Wilhelm K Aicher, Jan P Stegemann, Melanie L Hart, Bodo Kurz, Gerd Klein, Bernd Rolauffs
Using matrix elasticity and cyclic stretch have been investigated for inducing mesenchymal stromal cell (MSC) differentiation towards the smooth muscle cell (SMC) lineage but not in combination. We hypothesized that combining lineage-specific stiffness with cyclic stretch would result in a significantly increased expression of SMC markers, compared to non-stretched controls. First, we generated dense collagen type I sheets by mechanically compressing collagen hydrogels. Atomic force microscopy revealed a nanoscale stiffness range known to support myogenic differentiation...
October 24, 2016: Scientific Reports
Joseph Aguayo, Agnes Regeczkey
The authors historically situate the London Kleinian development in terms of the small-group collaborations and adversaries that arose during the course of Melanie Klein's career. Some collaborations later became personally adversarial (e.g., those Klein had with Glover and Schmideberg); other adversarial relationships forever remained that way (with A. Freud); while still other long-term collaborations became theoretically contentious (such as with Winnicott and Heimann). After the Controversial Discussions in 1944, Klein marginalized one group of supporters (Heimann, Winnicott, and Riviere) in favor of another group (Rosenfeld, Segal, and Bion)...
July 2016: Psychoanalytic Quarterly
Melanie R Klein, Liliana J Lengua, Stephanice F Thompson, Lyndsey Moran, Erika J Ruberry, Cara Kiff, Maureen Zalewski
Bidirectional associations between child temperament (fear, frustration, positive affect, effortful control) and parenting behaviors (warmth, negativity, limit setting, scaffolding, responsiveness) were examined as predictors of preschool-age children's adjustment problems and social competence. Participants were a community sample of children (N = 306; 50% female, 64% European American) and their mothers. Observational measures of child temperament and parenting were obtained using laboratory tasks at two time points (children's ages 36 and 54 months)...
July 11, 2016: Journal of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology
Philana Ling Lin, Pauline Maiello, Hannah P Gideon, M Teresa Coleman, Anthony M Cadena, Mark A Rodgers, Robert Gregg, Melanie O'Malley, Jaime Tomko, Daniel Fillmore, L James Frye, Tara Rutledge, Robert M DiFazio, Christopher Janssen, Edwin Klein, Peter L Andersen, Sarah M Fortune, JoAnne L Flynn
Mycobacterium tuberculosis infection presents across a spectrum in humans, from latent infection to active tuberculosis. Among those with latent tuberculosis, it is now recognized that there is also a spectrum of infection and this likely contributes to the variable risk of reactivation tuberculosis. Here, functional imaging with 18F-fluorodeoxygluose positron emission tomography and computed tomography (PET CT) of cynomolgus macaques with latent M. tuberculosis infection was used to characterize the features of reactivation after tumor necrosis factor (TNF) neutralization and determine which imaging characteristics before TNF neutralization distinguish reactivation risk...
July 2016: PLoS Pathogens
Lyndal Henden, Saskia Freytag, Zaid Afawi, Sara Baldassari, Samuel F Berkovic, Francesca Bisulli, Laura Canafoglia, Giorgio Casari, Douglas Ewan Crompton, Christel Depienne, Jozef Gecz, Renzo Guerrini, Ingo Helbig, Edouard Hirsch, Boris Keren, Karl Martin Klein, Pierre Labauge, Eric LeGuern, Laura Licchetta, Davide Mei, Caroline Nava, Tommaso Pippucci, Gabrielle Rudolf, Ingrid Eileen Scheffer, Pasquale Striano, Paolo Tinuper, Federico Zara, Mark Corbett, Melanie Bahlo
Familial adult myoclonus epilepsy (FAME) is a rare autosomal dominant disorder characterized by adult onset, involuntary muscle jerks, cortical myoclonus and occasional seizures. FAME is genetically heterogeneous with more than 70 families reported worldwide and five potential disease loci. The efforts to identify potential causal variants have been unsuccessful in all but three families. To date, linkage analysis has been the main approach to find and narrow FAME critical regions. We propose an alternative method, pedigree free identity-by-descent (IBD) mapping, that infers regions of the genome between individuals that have been inherited from a common ancestor...
October 2016: Human Genetics
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No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2016: Annals of Intensive Care
Gerhard Dahl
The now available unabridged correspondence between Freud and Abraham leads to a re-evaluation of the significance of Abraham's work. The author proposes the thesis that clinical observations by Karl Abraham of the ambivalence of object relations and the destructive-sadistic aspects of orality have an important influence on the advancement of psychoanalytical theory. The phantasy problem of the Wolf Man and the question of the pathogenic relevance of early actual, or merely imagined traumata led Freud to doubt the validity of his theory...
May 30, 2016: International Journal of Psycho-analysis
Delnaz Roshandel, Ronald Klein, Barbara E K Klein, Bruce H R Wolffenbuttel, Melanie M van der Klauw, Jana V van Vliet-Ostaptchouk, Gil Atzmon, Danny Ben-Avraham, Jill P Crandall, Nir Barzilai, Shelley B Bull, Angelo J Canty, S Mohsen Hosseini, Linda T Hiraki, John Maynard, David R Sell, Vincent M Monnier, Patricia A Cleary, Barbara H Braffett, Andrew D Paterson
Skin fluorescence (SF) noninvasively measures advanced glycation end products (AGEs) in the skin and is a risk indicator for diabetes complications. N-acetyltransferase 2 (NAT2) is the only known locus influencing SF. We aimed to identify additional genetic loci influencing SF in type 1 diabetes (T1D) through a meta-analysis of genome-wide association studies (N = 1,359) including Diabetes Control and Complications Trial/Epidemiology of Diabetes Interventions and Complications (DCCT/EDIC) and Wisconsin Epidemiologic Study of Diabetic Retinopathy (WESDR)...
July 2016: Diabetes
Melanie Metallo, Lelia Groza, Laurent Brunaud, Marc Klein, Georges Weryha, Eva Feigerlova
Introduction. Differentiated thyroid cancer (DTC) is rare and confers good prognosis. Long-term health related quality of life (HRQoL) and pregnancy outcomes are not well known in subjects treated during adolescence and young adulthood. Methods. Cross-sectional analysis of HRQoL and global self-esteem, using SF-36 and ISP-25 surveys, and of pregnancy outcomes in female survivors of DTC treated by total thyroidectomy and I(131) before age of 25 years. Results. Forty-five of 61 patients (74%) responded to the survey...
2016: International Journal of Endocrinology
Gabriele Cassullo
Compared to the impact of the work of Melanie Klein on the history of psychoanalysis, the contributions of her daughter, Melitta Schmideberg, passed almost unnoticed. At present, Schmideberg is solely remembered for having harshly attacked her mother at the start of the Controversial Discussions of the British Psycho-Analytical Society and for having coined the fitting expression "stable instability" in order to describe borderline and asocial personality disorders. However, the author discusses how the early groundbreaking discoveries of Klein with regards to primitive anxieties were the result of the joint work and thinking of Melanie and Melitta...
March 2016: American Journal of Psychoanalysis
Jan K Maerz, Lorenzo P Roncoroni, David Goldeck, Tanja Abruzzese, Hubert Kalbacher, Bernd Rolauffs, Peter DeZwart, Kay Nieselt, Melanie L Hart, Gerd Klein, Wilhelm K Aicher
INTRODUCTION: Human mesenchymal stromal cells (MSCs) can be isolated from different sources including bone marrow and term placenta. These two populations display distinct patterns of proliferation and differentiation in vitro. Since proliferation and differentiation of cells are modulated by cell-matrix interactions, we investigated the attachment of MSCs to a set of peptide-coated surfaces and explored their interactions with peptides in suspension. METHODS: Human MSCs were isolated from bone marrow and term placenta and expanded...
2016: Stem Cell Research & Therapy
Qi Li, Cheng Hiang Lee, Lauren A Peters, Lucas A Mastropaolo, Cornelia Thoeni, Abdul Elkadri, Tobias Schwerd, Jun Zhu, Bin Zhang, Yongzhong Zhao, Ke Hao, Antonio Dinarzo, Gabriel Hoffman, Brian A Kidd, Ryan Murchie, Ziad Al Adham, Conghui Guo, Daniel Kotlarz, Ernest Cutz, Thomas D Walters, Dror S Shouval, Mark Curran, Radu Dobrin, Carrie Brodmerkel, Scott B Snapper, Christoph Klein, John H Brumell, Mingjing Hu, Ralph Nanan, Brigitte Snanter-Nanan, Melanie Wong, Francoise Le Deist, Elie Haddad, Chaim M Roifman, Colette Deslandres, Anne M Griffiths, Kevin J Gaskin, Holm H Uhlig, Eric E Schadt, Aleixo M Muise
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Severe forms of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) that develop in very young children can be caused by variants in a single gene. We performed whole-exome sequence (WES) analysis to identify genetic factors that might cause granulomatous colitis and severe perianal disease, with recurrent bacterial and viral infections, in an infant of consanguineous parents. METHODS: We performed targeted WES analysis of DNA collected from the patient and her parents...
May 2016: Gastroenterology
Juliane Brun, Katrin A Lutz, Katharina M H Neumayer, Gerd Klein, Tanja Seeger, Tatiana Uynuk-Ool, Katharina Wörgötter, Sandra Schmid, Udo Kraushaar, Elke Guenther, Bernd Rolauffs, Wilhelm K Aicher, Melanie L Hart
The use of mesenchymal stromal cells (MSCs) differentiated toward a smooth muscle cell (SMC) phenotype may provide an alternative for investigators interested in regenerating urinary tract organs such as the bladder where autologous smooth muscle cells cannot be used or are unavailable. In this study we measured the effects of good manufacturing practice (GMP)-compliant expansion followed by myogenic differentiation of human MSCs on the expression of a range of contractile (from early to late) myogenic markers in relation to the electrophysiological parameters to assess the functional role of the differentiated MSCs and found that differentiation of MSCs associated with electrophysiological competence comparable to bladder SMCs...
2015: PloS One
Holger Dinkel, Kim Van Roey, Sushama Michael, Manjeet Kumar, Bora Uyar, Brigitte Altenberg, Vladislava Milchevskaya, Melanie Schneider, Helen Kühn, Annika Behrendt, Sophie Luise Dahl, Victoria Damerell, Sandra Diebel, Sara Kalman, Steffen Klein, Arne C Knudsen, Christina Mäder, Sabina Merrill, Angelina Staudt, Vera Thiel, Lukas Welti, Norman E Davey, Francesca Diella, Toby J Gibson
The Eukaryotic Linear Motif (ELM) resource ( is a manually curated database of short linear motifs (SLiMs). In this update, we present the latest additions to this resource, along with more improvements to the web interface. ELM 2016 contains more than 240 different motif classes with over 2700 experimentally validated instances, manually curated from more than 2400 scientific publications. In addition, more data have been made available as individually searchable pages and are downloadable in various formats...
January 4, 2016: Nucleic Acids Research
Christina Dammers, Lothar Gremer, Kerstin Reiß, Antonia N Klein, Philipp Neudecker, Rudolf Hartmann, Na Sun, Hans-Ulrich Demuth, Melanie Schwarten, Dieter Willbold
A hallmark of Alzheimer's disease (AD) is the accumulation of extracellular amyloid-β (Aβ) plaques in the brains of patients. N-terminally truncated pyroglutamate-modified Aβ (pEAβ) has been described as a major compound of Aβ species in senile plaques. pEAβ is more resistant to degradation, shows higher toxicity and has increased aggregation propensity and β-sheet stabilization compared to non-modified Aβ. Here we characterized recombinant pEAβ(3-40) in aqueous trifluoroethanol (TFE) solution regarding its aggregation propensity and structural changes in comparison to its non-pyroglutamate-modified variant Aβ(1-40)...
2015: PloS One
Tanja Seeger, Melanie Hart, Manuel Patarroyo, Bernd Rolauffs, Wilhelm K Aicher, Gerd Klein
Multipotent mesenchymal stromal cells (MSCs) are well known for their tri-lineage potential and ability to differentiate in vitro into osteogenic, chondrogenic or adipogenic lineages. By selecting appropriate conditions MSCs can also be differentiated in vitro into the myogenic lineage and are therefore a promising option for cell-based regeneration of muscle tissue such as an aged or damaged sphincter muscle. For the differentiation into the myogenic lineage there is still a need to evaluate the effects of extracellular matrix proteins such as laminins (LM) which are crucial for different stem cell types and for normal muscle function...
2015: PloS One
Reinhard Ertl, Melanie Korb, Ines Langbein-Detsch, Dieter Klein
BACKGROUND: Gammaherpesviruses (GHVs) are a large group of dsDNA viruses that can infect humans and several animal species. The two human GHVs, Epstein-Barr virus and Kaposi's sarcoma-associated herpesvirus are known for their oncogenic properties in individuals with immunodeficiency. Recently, the first feline GHV, Felis catus gammaherpesvirus 1 (FcaGHV1) was discovered and frequently found in domestic cats in Australia, Singapore and the USA. FcaGHV1 is more likely to be detected in cats co-infected with the feline immunodeficiency virus (FIV)...
2015: Virology Journal
Alexandra Y Kreins, Michael J Ciancanelli, Satoshi Okada, Xiao-Fei Kong, Noé Ramírez-Alejo, Sara Sebnem Kilic, Jamila El Baghdadi, Shigeaki Nonoyama, Seyed Alireza Mahdaviani, Fatima Ailal, Aziz Bousfiha, Davood Mansouri, Elma Nievas, Cindy S Ma, Geetha Rao, Andrea Bernasconi, Hye Sun Kuehn, Julie Niemela, Jennifer Stoddard, Paul Deveau, Aurelie Cobat, Safa El Azbaoui, Ayoub Sabri, Che Kang Lim, Mikael Sundin, Danielle T Avery, Rabih Halwani, Audrey V Grant, Bertrand Boisson, Dusan Bogunovic, Yuval Itan, Marcela Moncada-Velez, Ruben Martinez-Barricarte, Melanie Migaud, Caroline Deswarte, Laia Alsina, Daniel Kotlarz, Christoph Klein, Ingrid Muller-Fleckenstein, Bernhard Fleckenstein, Valerie Cormier-Daire, Stefan Rose-John, Capucine Picard, Lennart Hammarstrom, Anne Puel, Saleh Al-Muhsen, Laurent Abel, Damien Chaussabel, Sergio D Rosenzweig, Yoshiyuki Minegishi, Stuart G Tangye, Jacinta Bustamante, Jean-Laurent Casanova, Stéphanie Boisson-Dupuis
Autosomal recessive, complete TYK2 deficiency was previously described in a patient (P1) with intracellular bacterial and viral infections and features of hyper-IgE syndrome (HIES), including atopic dermatitis, high serum IgE levels, and staphylococcal abscesses. We identified seven other TYK2-deficient patients from five families and four different ethnic groups. These patients were homozygous for one of five null mutations, different from that seen in P1. They displayed mycobacterial and/or viral infections, but no HIES...
September 21, 2015: Journal of Experimental Medicine
Carol Chu, Kelly M Klein, Jennifer M Buchman-Schmitt, Melanie A Hom, Christopher R Hagan, Thomas E Joiner
OBJECTIVE: Empirically informed suicide risk assessment frameworks are useful in guiding the evaluation and treatment of individuals presenting with suicidal symptoms. Joiner et al. (1999) formulated one such framework, which has provided a concise heuristic for the assessment of suicide risk. The purpose of this review is to ensure compatibility of this suicide risk assessment framework with the growing literature on suicide-related behaviors. METHODS: This review integrates recent literature on suicide risk factors and clinical applications into the existing model...
December 2015: Journal of Clinical Psychology
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