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Erez Freud, Amanda K Robinson, Marlene Behrmann
An evolving view in cognitive neuroscience is that the dorsal visual pathway not only plays a key role in visuomotor behavior but that it also contributes functionally to the recognition of objects. To characterize the nature of the object representations derived by the dorsal pathway, we assessed perceptual performance in the context of the continuous flash suppression paradigm, which suppresses object processing in the ventral pathway while sparing computation in the dorsal pathway. In a series of experiments, prime stimuli, which were rendered imperceptible by the continuous flash suppression, still contributed to perceptual decisions related to the subsequent perceptible target stimuli...
March 21, 2018: Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience
Louis Rothschild
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2017: American Journal of Psychoanalysis
Yuki Nakamura, David Kalfa, Paul Chai, Anjali Chelliah, Lindsay Freud, Emile Bacha, Jan Quaegebeur
BACKGROUND: Arterial switch operation (ASO) is a relatively safe operation nowadays. We hypothesize that intraoperative revision for coronary malperfusion still plays an important role during ASO in the current era. METHODS: From January 2005 to May 2016, 244 patients underwent ASO. Medical records were reviewed and the details of intraoperative revision were described. Morbidity and mortality were compared in patients with/without intraoperative revision. Factors related to the need for intraoperative revision were analyzed...
March 2018: World Journal for Pediatric & Congenital Heart Surgery
Lois Oppenheim
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2018: Journal of the American Psychoanalytic Association
Lukas Ernstbrunner, Eva Schulz, Matthaeus Ernstbrunner, Thomas Hoffelner, Thomas Freude, Herbert Resch, Maximilian Haas
INTRODUCTION: Little is known about injuries in canyoning. It was the purpose of this study to determine injury rates, patterns, causes and risk factors in canyoning; and to identify targets for future injury prevention strategies. METHODS: From May to October 2015, 109 participants from 17 different countries were prospectively followed via a monthly e-mail-based questionnaire. RESULTS: During 13,690 h of canyoning, 57 injury-events occurred...
March 6, 2018: Injury
Renato Foschi, Marco Innamorati, Ruggero Taradel
The present paper is focused on the evolution of the position of the Catholic Church toward psychoanalysis. Even before Freud's The Future of an Illusion (1927), psychoanalysis was criticized by Catholic theologians. Psychoanalysis was viewed with either contempt or with indifference, but nonpsychoanalytic psychotherapy was accepted, especially for pastoral use. Freudian theory remained for most Catholics a delicate and dangerous subject for a long time. From the center to the periphery of the Vatican, Catholic positions against psychoanalysis have varied in the way that theological stances have varied...
March 12, 2018: Journal of the History of the Behavioral Sciences
Ranjan Bhattacharyya
The communication between G. S Bose and Sigmund Freud is a well-documented fact, and philosophical blend of rich cultural experiences is unique to modification of traditional psychoanalysis in the context of development of psychiatry in West Bengal. The Calcutta lunatic asylum was established at Bhowanipore, and first general hospital psychiatric unit was formed at R. G. Kar Medical College, Calcutta. Prof. Ajita Chakraborty was a pioneer to describe her struggling days in the early career and shared her views with experiences in her autobiography...
February 2018: Indian Journal of Psychiatry
Wei Duan-Porter, Daniel Hatch, Jane F Pendergast, Gabriele Freude, Uwe Rose, Hermann Burr, Grit Müller, Peter Martus, Anne Pohrt, Guy Potter
BACKGROUND: Job related factors have been associated with higher risk for developing depression, but past studies lacked full consideration of individual factors such as personality and coping. We sought to evaluate associations of personality, coping, job characteristics, and burnout with 12-month trajectories of depressive symptoms among nursing workers. METHODS: Cohort of nursing workers (N = 281) in a private hospital system, with baseline assessments of personality, job characteristics, and coping...
February 27, 2018: Journal of Affective Disorders
Kimberly Bloom-Feshbach
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 7, 2018: Journal of Religion and Health
Tamar Freud, Boris Punchik, Ella Kagan, Alex Barzak, Yan Press
AIM: Orthostatic hypotension is a common problem in individuals aged ≥65 years. Its association with mortality is not clear. The aim of the present study was to evaluate associations between orthostatic hypotension and overall mortality in a sample of individuals aged ≥65 years who were seen at the Outpatient Comprehensive Geriatric Assessment Unit, Clalit Health Services, Beer-Sheva, Israel. METHODS: Individuals who were evaluated in the Outpatient Comprehensive Geriatric Assessment Unit between January 2005 and December 2015, and who had data on orthostatic hypotension were included in the study...
March 2, 2018: Geriatrics & Gerontology International
Ν Tsipa, F Houssier
This article is referring to the study of the "limit" according to a metapsychological point of view. The main definition of this concept concerns its double possibility to relate and to separate the internal from the external reality. It is about a review of the post-freudian work: the theoretical contribution of the authors P. Federn, D. Anzieu and D.W. Winnicott is viewed through the conceptualisation of the "limit". Also, the study of A. Green, who is the author who proposed not only the concept of the "limit" but also the concept of the "double limit"...
October 2017: Psychiatrikē, Psychiatriki
Richard P Kluft
Modern psychoanalysis begins with Sigmund Freud's study of hypnosis and the treatment of the grand hysterics of the fin de siècle. In the process of developing his own paradigm, Freud came to reject the use of hypnosis and turned his attention away from the severe hysterias. These decisions began what has become, notwithstanding noteworthy exceptions, over a century of estrangement and disengagement between the fields of hypnosis and psychoanalysis. The current communication reviews the 75 archived Psychoanalytic Electronic Publishing resources from Freud's scientific work and correspondence in which reference is made to hypnosis...
April 2018: American Journal of Clinical Hypnosis
Richard P Kluft
Freud's rejection of hypnosis gave rise to a rift between clinical hypnosis and psychoanalysis that has endured for over a century. A review of Freud's rationales (Kluft, 2018a/this issue) demonstrates that while some stemmed from what he considered advances, others appear strongly influenced by his promoting the superiority of his "psycho-analysis" at the expense of hypnosis. Mainstream psychoanalysis continues to endorse the perpetuation of rationales Freud asserted nearly a century ago, and an oral lore of related supportive statements...
April 2018: American Journal of Clinical Hypnosis
Raymond E Fancher
Presents an obituary for John Chynoweth Burhham, who died May 12, 2017. An acknowledged "historian's historian," Burnham's critically acclaimed books and articles dealt prominently with American psychoanalysis, as well as other varied topics including accident proneness, health care in America, bad habits, and the question of "how superstition won and science lost." In his first major book, the 1967 Psychoanalysis and American Medicine, 1894-1918. Burnham approached his controversial subject not from the standpoint of practitioner or partisan, but rather that of an impartial historian placing psychoanalysis within the larger context of American culture and history...
February 2018: American Psychologist
Fredric N Busch, Elizabeth L Auchincloss
Psychoanalysts have generally avoided discussion of psychoeducational interventions in the context of psychodynamic psychotherapy, despite education being a component of many psychoanalytic techniques. This wariness stems from Freud's early concerns about interventions that could be deemed "suggestion," and a misunderstanding of various aspects of neutrality, including viewing psychoeducational comments as over-gratifying or siding with the ego. Although potential pitfalls exist, the authors review clinical evidence and research that indicate the value of psychoeducational approaches for engaging patients in psychodynamic psychotherapy, considering alternative treatments, providing a psychodynamic formulation, and enhancing the therapeutic alliance...
2018: Psychodynamic Psychiatry
P Trocha, M Karpov, D Ganin, M H P Pfeiffer, A Kordts, S Wolf, J Krockenberger, P Marin-Palomo, C Weimann, S Randel, W Freude, T J Kippenberg, C Koos
Light detection and ranging is widely used in science and industry. Over the past decade, optical frequency combs were shown to offer advantages in optical ranging, enabling fast distance acquisition with high accuracy. Driven by emerging high-volume applications such as industrial sensing, drone navigation, or autonomous driving, there is now a growing demand for compact ranging systems. Here, we show that soliton Kerr comb generation in integrated silicon nitride microresonators provides a route to high-performance chip-scale ranging systems...
February 23, 2018: Science
A Lauerer, R Kurzhals, H Toufar, D Freude, J Kärger
The two-region model for analyzing signal attenuation in pulsed field gradient (PFG) NMR diffusion studies with molecules in compartmented media implies that, on their trajectory, molecules get from one region (one type of compartment) into the other one with a constant (i.e. a time-invariant) probability. This pattern has proved to serve as a good approach for considering guest diffusion in beds of nanoporous host materials, with the two regions ("compartments") identified as the intra- and intercrystalline pore spaces...
February 2, 2018: Journal of Magnetic Resonance
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