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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727712/intervertebral-foramen-injection-of-ozone-relieves-mechanical-allodynia-and-enhances-analgesic-effect-of-gabapentin-in-animal-model-of-neuropathic-pain
#1
Wen-Jun Luo, Fan Yang, Fei Yang, Wei Sun, Wei Zheng, Xiao-Liang Wang, Fang-Fang Wu, Jiang-Lin Wang, Jia-Shuang Wang, Su-Min Guan, Jun Chen
BACKGROUND: In a 5-year follow-up study in a hospital in southern China, it was shown that intervertebral foramen (IVF) injection of ozone at the involved segmental levels could significantly alleviate paroxysmal spontaneous pain and mechanical allodynia in patients with chronic, intractable postherpetic neuralgia (PHN) and improve the quality of life. However, so far no proof-of-concept studies in animals have been available. OBJECTIVE: This study was designed to investigate whether IVF ozone has an analgesic effect on animal models of neuropathic and inflammatory pain...
July 2017: Pain Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28673202/the-study-on-mental-health-at-work-design-and-sampling
#2
Uwe Rose, Stefan Schiel, Helmut Schröder, Martin Kleudgen, Silke Tophoven, Angela Rauch, Gabriele Freude, Grit Müller
AIMS: The Study on Mental Health at Work (S-MGA) generates the first nationwide representative survey enabling the exploration of the relationship between working conditions, mental health and functioning. This paper describes the study design, sampling procedures and data collection, and presents a summary of the sample characteristics. METHODS: S-MGA is a representative study of German employees aged 31-60 years subject to social security contributions. The sample was drawn from the employment register based on a two-stage cluster sampling procedure...
July 1, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28649753/-for-our-garden-of-remembrance-is-somewhere-else-narratives-of-separation-through-the-eyes-of-freud-s-patients
#3
Anat Tzur Mahalel
This article presents a unique collection of narratives of separation - unique because the separation here is from psychoanalysis and from Freud as analyst. These narratives were published as part of memoirs written about Freud by three of his patients. Their narratives of separation give us an innovative point of view on the psychoanalytic process, in particular with respect to the importance they place on the termination phase of the analysis at a time when Freud himself had not given it much consideration...
June 25, 2017: International Journal of Psycho-analysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28628965/hypochondria-a-review-of-its-place-in-psychoanalytic-theory
#4
Georgios Stathopoulos
After identifying Freud's fundamental contributions to the concept of hypochondria, the author undertakes a brief review of the term's trajectory within the Anglophone and Francophone psychoanalytic literature. Notions of defense, anxiety, and representation as they relate to corporeal experience are discussed. The author illustrates these main axes with which to read hypochondria with clinical material drawn from the analysis of a woman in whom somatic manifestations were especially pervasive.
April 2017: Psychoanalytic Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28628959/shifting-between-alternative-modes-of-cognition-can-free-association-in-and-of-itself-prove-therapeutic
#5
Richard Tuch
From early on in his career, at the time of his treatment of Frau Emmy von N., Freud (Breuer and Freud 1895) recognized the value of listening to the patient's material without attempting to steer it along a particular course. His focus on the method of freie Einfalle (free association), to be presented to the patient as the fundamental rule of analytic treatment, led to his recommendation that the analyst listen with evenly suspended attention (Freud ). But is free association therapeutic in and of itself? The author proposes an affirmative reply to this question based on the contribution of free association to the patient's nascent ability to shift between active and passive modes of cognition...
April 2017: Psychoanalytic Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28628956/becoming-freud-the-making-of-a-psychoanalyst-by-adam-phillips
#6
Paul Schwaber
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2017: Psychoanalytic Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28613132/the-wheel-and-the-ladder-freudian-and-loewaldian-accounts-of-individuation
#7
Linus Recht
In this paper, I use comparisons of Freud, Loewald, and Plato to explore what it means to individuate and to desire in a world of frustration, pain, and loss. The metaphors of the "wheel" versus the "ladder" present basic images for Freud's tragic conception of a person's emerging into a world of pain, transience and loss, in contrast to Loewald's sense of individuation as an increasing attainment of individual ego and world enrichment, constructed from metabolized grieved objects. I then argue that Plato's Symposium offers comparable visions of the possibilities of love, and that the juxtaposition of Freud and Loewald can be connected to ancient philosophical considerations...
June 2017: Psychoanalytic Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28593968/microresonator-based-solitons-for-massively-parallel-coherent-optical-communications
#8
Pablo Marin-Palomo, Juned N Kemal, Maxim Karpov, Arne Kordts, Joerg Pfeifle, Martin H P Pfeiffer, Philipp Trocha, Stefan Wolf, Victor Brasch, Miles H Anderson, Ralf Rosenberger, Kovendhan Vijayan, Wolfgang Freude, Tobias J Kippenberg, Christian Koos
Solitons are waveforms that preserve their shape while propagating, as a result of a balance of dispersion and nonlinearity. Soliton-based data transmission schemes were investigated in the 1980s and showed promise as a way of overcoming the limitations imposed by dispersion of optical fibres. However, these approaches were later abandoned in favour of wavelength-division multiplexing schemes, which are easier to implement and offer improved scalability to higher data rates. Here we show that solitons could make a comeback in optical communications, not as a competitor but as a key element of massively parallel wavelength-division multiplexing...
June 7, 2017: Nature
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28581306/sandor-rado-american-psychoanalysis-and-the-question-of-bisexuality
#9
Matthew Tontonoz
The Hungarian-born physician and psychoanalyst Sandor Rado (1890-1972), who practiced for most of his career in the United States, played a central role in shaping American psychoanalysts' views toward homosexuality. Historians have pointed to Rado's rejection of Freud's notion of constitutional bisexuality as the key theoretical maneuver that both pathologized homosexuality and inspired an optimistic approach to its treatment. Yet scholarly analysis of the arguments that Rado made for his rejection of bisexuality is lacking...
June 5, 2017: History of Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28579476/modeling-neurodegenerative-diseases-with-patient-derived-induced-pluripotent-cells-possibilities-and-challenges
#10
REVIEW
Anna Poon, Yu Zhang, Abinaya Chandrasekaran, Phetcharat Phanthong, Benjamin Schmid, Troels T Nielsen, Kristine K Freude
The rising prevalence of progressive neurodegenerative diseases coupled with increasing longevity poses an economic burden at individual and societal levels. There is currently no effective cure for the majority of neurodegenerative diseases and disease-affected tissues from patients have been difficult to obtain for research and drug discovery in pre-clinical settings. While the use of animal models has contributed invaluable mechanistic insights and potential therapeutic targets, the translational value of animal models could be further enhanced when combined with in vitro models derived from patient-specific induced pluripotent stem cells (iPSCs) and isogenic controls generated using CRISPR-Cas9 mediated genome editing...
June 2, 2017: New Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28576293/the-relationship-between-the-experience-of-stuttering-and-demographic-characteristics-of-adults-who-stutter
#11
Debora Freud, Marina Kichin-Brin, Ruth Ezrati-Vinacour, Ilan Roziner, Ofer Amir
PURPOSE: This study aims to examine the association between adults' experience of stuttering and their age, gender and marital status, as well as to evaluate the psychometric properties of the Hebrew version of the OASES-A. METHODS: The Hebrew version of the OASES-A was administered to 91 adults-who-stutter. The validity of the translated version was evaluated using a subset of 43 participants, who also completed three additional instruments: (a) a Perceived Stuttering Severity (PSS) self-rating scale, (b) the Situation Avoidance Behavior Checklist (SABC), (c) the Students Life Satisfaction scale (SLSS)...
June 2017: Journal of Fluency Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28557624/rna-guided-activation-of-pluripotency-genes-in-human-fibroblasts
#12
Kai Xiong, Yan Zhou, Kristian Aabo Blichfeld, Poul Hyttel, Lars Bolund, Kristine Karla Freude, Yonglun Luo
Specific activation of endogenous genes can be achieved by programmable artificial transcription factors (ATFs). In this study, we compared two artificial, programmable, clustered regularly interspaced short palindromic repeats (CRISPR)-based, ubiquitous transcription factors: deficient CRISPR-associated protein 9 (dCas9)-VP64 (CRISPRa) alone, or a combination of dCas9-VP64 and MS2-P65-HSF1 [synergistic activation mediator (SAM) system] mediated activation of five pluripotency genes: KLF4 (K), LIN28 (L), MYC (M), OCT4 (O), and SOX2 (S) in human cells (HEK293T, HeLa, HepG2, and primary fibroblasts)...
June 2017: Cellular Reprogramming
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28551906/-fertility-preservation-in-young-cancer-patients-can-we-optimize-the-path
#13
REVIEW
Irit Ben-Aharon, Shifra Ash, Avi Ben-Haroush, Gali Perl, Galia Oron, Haim Pinkas, Naphtali Freud, Dragan Kravarusic, Ronit Abir, Onit Sapir, Arnon Wiznitzer, Baruch Brenner, Isaac Yaniv, Salomon Stemmer, Benjamin Fisch
INTRODUCTION: Advances in cancer therapy have improved the long-term survival of cancer patients. Concerns about fertility represent a major issue for young cancer patients. The emergent discipline of oncofertility, an intersection between oncology and fertility, is a new concept that describes an integrated network of clinical resources that focus on fertility preservation from both clinical and research perspectives. Patients and methods: In this article we describe our designated multidisciplinary program for fertility preservation in pediatric and young adult populations...
May 2017: Harefuah
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28548205/reflections-on-klein-s-radical-notion-of-phantasy-and-its-implications-for-analytic-practice
#14
Rachel B Blass
Analysts may incorporate many of Melanie Klein's important contributions (e.g., on preoedipal dynamics, envy, and projective identification) without transforming their basic analytic approach. In this paper I argue that adopting the Kleinian notion of unconscious phantasy is transformative. While it is grounded in Freud's thinking and draws out something essential to his work, this notion of phantasy introduces a radical change that defines Kleinian thinking and practice and significantly impacts the analyst's basic clinical approach...
June 2017: International Journal of Psycho-analysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28543953/improved-technical-success-postnatal-outcomes-and-refined-predictors-of-outcome-for-fetal-aortic-valvuloplasty
#15
Kevin G Friedman, Lynn A Sleeper, Lindsay R Freud, Audrey C Marshall, Max E Godfrey, Monika Drogosz, Terra Lafranchi, Carol B Benson, Louise E Wilkins-Haug, Wayne Tworetzky
BACKGROUND: Fetal aortic valvuloplasty (FAV) may prevent progression of mid-gestation aortic stenosis (AS) to hypoplastic left heart syndrome (HLHS). METHODS: We evaluate outcomes in 123 fetuses that underwent FAV between 2000 and 2015. We analyze whether technical success and biventricular (Biv) outcome changed from the early era (2000-08) to a more recent era (2009-15) and identify pre-FAV predictors of Biv outcome. We developed CART models to predict the likelihood of Biv outcome...
May 22, 2017: Ultrasound in Obstetrics & Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28542871/interpretation-as-freud-s-specific-action-and-bion-s-container-contained
#16
Chris Mawson
This is a paper showing how a concept central to the work of Wilfred Bion, and one of Klein's important recommendations concerning the practice of analysis with adults and small children, can both be seen in the light of Freud's earliest formulation of the origin of anxiety and the mother's first responses to her infant in distress. In the paper I suggest that these clinically influential concepts of Klein and Bion show an underlying consistency and affinity with Freud's early ideas about the management of anxiety in the mother-infant relationship, described in two of his pre-psychoanalytic writings, How Anxiety Originates (1894b), and The Project for a Scientific Psychology (1950 [1895])...
May 25, 2017: International Journal of Psycho-analysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28530419/interpersonal-rivalries-gender-and-the-intellectual-and-scientific-making-of-psychoanalysis-in-1940s-britain
#17
Michal Shapira
This article examines the 1940s debates regarding the status and professional orthodoxy of psychoanalysis following Sigmund Freud's death, by exploring the Anna Freud-Melanie Klein Controversial Discussions in the British Psychoanalytical Society. Focusing on the work of now-forgotten analysts Melitta Schmideberg and Edward Glover, and on their relationship with Klein and her supporters, the article reveals how these neglected, yet important, debates were complicated by interpersonal and professional ties, processes of the professionalization, and changing gender norms...
May 2017: History of Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28508670/why-did-sigmund-freud-refuse-to-see-pierre-janet-origins-of-psychoanalysis-janet-freud-or-both
#18
Michael Fitzgerald
Pierre Janet and Joseph Breuer were the true originators of psychoanalysis. Freud greatly elaborated on their findings. Freud initially admitted these facts but denied them in later life. Janet discovered the concept transference before Freud.
May 1, 2017: History of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28503849/meaning-and-object-in-freud-s-theory-of-language
#19
Richard Theisen Simanke
This article sets out to challenge the interpretation of Freud's views on the origins of the meaning of language according to which meaning always originates from an act of naming. In Freud's terms, word-presentations would originally denote object- or thing-presentations and gain meaning through this reference. This interpretation claims that this view was already expressed in Freud's On Aphasia (1891) and influenced all his later theory of language. To oppose this claim, three conceptions proposed by Freud are discussed that strongly suggest the participation of language in the construction of the field of objects: a metapsychological hypothesis (the concepts of word-, thing-, and object-presentation), the explanation of a psychopathological phenomenon (the genesis of a fetishistic object-choice), and a concept concerning the foundations of the psychoanalytic method of dream interpretation (secondary elaboration)...
May 15, 2017: International Journal of Psycho-analysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28477037/from-ghost-to-ancestor-s%C3%A3-ndor-ferenczi-s-impact-on-clinical-social-work
#20
Steven Kuchuck
Beginning in the 1920s, Freudian psychoanalytic theory had a deep impact on social work practice and education and helped to professionalize clinical social work. Not as well-known was the role that Freud's patient and colleague Sándor Ferenczi played in this evolution. Through a review of the relevant literature and primary sources-some presented here for the first time-I will explore the ways in which Ferenczi's work directly impacted the development of clinical social work.
May 5, 2017: American Journal of Psychoanalysis
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