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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29134842/book-review-sigmund-freud-s-discovery-of-psychoanalysis-conquistador-and-thinker-sigmund-freud-s-discovery-of-psychoanalysis-conquistador-and-thinker-by-schimmel-paul-new-york-routledge-2014-x-165-pp-180-00-hardcover-46-95-paperback
#1
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29134840/the-ongoing-rediscovery-of-apr%C3%A3-s-coup-as-a-central-freudian-concept
#2
Jonathan House
Après-coup, Freud's Nachträglichkeit, is an essential psychoanalytic concept structuring each of four concepts, four mental processes that lie at the foundation of Freud's thinking: psychic trauma, repression, the creation of the unconscious, and the creation of infantile sexuality. It is argued here that infantile sexual drives, in contrast to the self-preservative instincts, arise from a two-step process of translation and repression in which the residues of failed translation become source-objects of the drives...
October 2017: Journal of the American Psychoanalytic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29134473/doctor-anonymous-creating-contexts-for-homosexuality-as-mental-illness
#3
Guy Fredrick Glass
In this essay, the author describes how he faced institutionalized homophobia during his psychiatric training, and how he later wrote a play inspired by the life of a gay psychiatrist. Despite Freud's supportive stance, homosexuality aroused the antipathy of American organized psychiatry and psychoanalysis and came to be listed as an illness in the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual (DSM). Dr. John E. Fryer outed himself as "Dr. H Anonymous" at a 1972 meeting of the American Psychiatric Association, and the next year homosexuality was removed from the DSM...
November 14, 2017: Journal of Medical Humanities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29101244/abrogated-freud-1-cc2d1a-repression-of-5-ht1a-autoreceptors-induces-fluoxetine-resistant-anxiety-depression-like-behavior
#4
Faranak Vahid-Ansari, Mireille Daigle, M Chiara Manzini, Kenji F Tanaka, René Hen, Sean D Geddes, Jean-Claude Béïque, Jonathan James, Zul Merali, Paul R Albert
Freud-1/CC2D1A represses the gene transcription of serotonin-1A (5-HT1A) autoreceptors, which negatively regulate 5-HT tone. To test the role of Freud-1 in vivo, we generated mice with adulthood conditional knockout of Freud-1 in 5-HT neurons (cF1ko). In cF1ko mice, 5-HT1A autoreceptor protein, binding and hypothermia response were increased, with reduced 5-HT content and neuronal activity in the dorsal raphe. The cF1ko mice displayed increased anxiety- and depression-like behavior that was resistant to chronic antidepressant (fluoxetine) treatment...
November 3, 2017: Journal of Neuroscience: the Official Journal of the Society for Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29100271/analytic-validation-and-real-time-clinical-application-of-an-amplicon-based-targeted-gene-panel-for-advanced-cancer
#5
Michele R Wing, Julie W Reeser, Amy M Smith, Matthew Reeder, Dorrelyn Martin, Benjamin M Jewell, Jharna Datta, Jharna Miya, J Paul Monk, Amir Mortazavi, Gregory A Otterson, Richard M Goldberg, Jeffrey B VanDeusen, Sharon Cole, Kristin Dittmar, Sunny Jaiswal, Matthew Kinzie, Suraj Waikhom, Aharon G Freud, Xiao-Ping Zhou, Wei Chen, Darshna Bhatt, Sameek Roychowdhury
Multiplex somatic testing has emerged as a strategy to test patients with advanced cancer. We demonstrate our analytic validation approach for a gene hotspot panel and real-time prospective clinical application for any cancer type. The TruSight Tumor 26 assay amplifies 85 somatic hotspot regions across 26 genes. Using cell line and tumor mixes, we observed that 100% of the 14,715 targeted bases had at least 1000x raw coverage. We determined the sensitivity (100%, 95% CI: 96-100%), positive predictive value (100%, 95% CI: 96-100%), reproducibility (100% concordance), and limit of detection (3% variant allele frequency at 1000x read depth) of this assay to detect single nucleotide variants and small insertions and deletions...
September 29, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29062131/pierre-janet-and-auguste-forel-two-historical-contributions
#6
Marco Bacciagaluppi
This paper discusses two 19th century French-speaking authors, Pierre Janet and Auguste Forel, who both employed hypnosis and in various ways were early influences on psychoanalysis. To acquaint the reader with the clinical works of these pioneers, a long case history by Janet, and a case history by Forel are presented. The connections between these two authors and modern developments are discussed. Both historical figures were contemporaries of Freud and their at times contentious relationships became part of their legacy...
October 23, 2017: American Journal of Psychoanalysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29041329/silicon-organic-hybrid-soh-modulators-for-intensity-modulation-direct-detection-links-with-line-rates-of-up-to-120-gbit-s
#7
Heiner Zwickel, Stefan Wolf, Clemens Kieninger, Yasar Kutuvantavida, Matthias Lauermann, Timothy de Keulenaer, Arno Vyncke, Renato Vaernewyck, Jingdong Luo, Alex K-Y Jen, Wolfgang Freude, Johan Bauwelinck, Sebastian Randel, Christian Koos
High-speed interconnects in data-center and campus-area networks crucially rely on efficient and technically simple transmission techniques that use intensity modulation and direct detection (IM/DD) to bridge distances of up to a few kilometers. This requires electro-optic modulators that combine low operation voltages with large modulation bandwidth and that can be operated at high symbol rates using integrated drive circuits. Here we explore the potential of silicon-organic hybrid (SOH) Mach-Zehnder modulators (MZM) for generating high-speed IM/DD signals at line rates of up to 120 Gbit/s...
October 2, 2017: Optics Express
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29022848/the-theory-and-art-of-child-psychotherapy-a-corrective-developmental-approach
#8
Robert Friedman
The history of child psychotherapy is sketched from the psychoanalytic pioneers Anna Freud and Melanie Klein to the popular "nondirective" approach of Virginia Axline. The author's approach to child psychotherapy, based on contemporary psychoanalytic theories, allows the therapist to play any parental role that helps to repair developmental deficiencies and conflicts. These include nurturing, supporting, mirroring, role modeling, challenging, and limit setting. Following Winnicott, psychotherapy is conceived as a play space in which therapist and child are both spontaneous...
October 2017: Psychoanalytic Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29022191/the-association-between-subjectively-impaired-sleep-and-symptoms-of-depression-and-anxiety-in-a-frail-elderly-population
#9
Yan Press, Boris Punchik, Tamar Freud
BACKGROUND: Most previous studies showed an association between sleep impairment in the elderly and symptoms of depression and anxiety. Majority of these studies were conducted in "strong", community-dwelling elderly. AIM: To assess the association between subjective sleep impairment and its affective disturbances among frail elderly patients. METHODS: The retrospective study included patients 65 years old and above. Data included socio-demographic characteristics, the mini-mental state examination, the short anxiety screening test, the 15-item Geriatric Depression Scale, and the Patient Health Questionnaire...
October 11, 2017: Aging Clinical and Experimental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29020066/characteristics-of-the-memory-sources-of-dreams-a-new-version-of-the-content-matching-paradigm-to-take-mundane-and-remote-memories-into-account
#10
Raphael Vallat, Benoit Chatard, Mark Blagrove, Perrine Ruby
Several studies have demonstrated that dream content is related to the waking life of the dreamer. However, the characteristics of the memory sources incorporated into dreams are still unclear. We designed a new protocol to investigate remote memories and memories of trivial experiences, both relatively unexplored in dream content until now. Upon awakening, for 7 days, participants identified the waking life elements (WLEs) related to their dream content and characterized them and their dream content on several scales to assess notably emotional valence...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28989106/demographic-and-healthcare-service-utilization-by-4-417-patients-with-hidradenitis-suppurativa
#11
Guy Shalom, Meir Babaev, Tamar Freud, Shmuel Tiosano, Nadav Pam, Amir Horev, Jacob Dreiher, Daniel A Vardy, Doron Comaneshter, Arnon D Cohen
BACKGROUND: Data on the healthcare utilization of hidradenitis suppurativa (HS) patients in primary care settings are scarce. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the healthcare service utilization of patients with HS. PATIENTS AND METHODS: In a cross-sectional study, HS patients were compared with two age- and gender-matched control groups-general population enrollees of Clalit Health Services and a group of patients with psoriasis. Healthcare services data included inpatient and outpatient community clinic visits and pharmacy claims for topical and systemic treatments...
October 5, 2017: Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28987063/dr-jekels-health-resort-in-bystra-near-bielsko-the-first-treatment-centre-which-adopted-psychoanalysis-in-poland
#12
REVIEW
Edyta Dembińska, Krzysztof Rutkowski
The paper sets out to present the history of a health resort and hydrotherapy centre in Bystra near Bielsko from 1898 to 1912. At that time Dr Ludwik Jekels, one of the Polish psychoanalysis forerunners, was the owner of the centre. Initially, Dr Jekels was very enthusiastic about climatic treatment and hydrotherapy, until 1905 when he got interested in psychoanalysis. Shortly afterwards he became its staunch supporter and adopted it as a curative procedure in his health resort. That was the first documented case of psychoanalysis use in Poland...
August 29, 2017: Psychiatria Polska
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28983266/the-psychoanalytic-concept-of-jouissance-and-the-kindling-hypothesis
#13
REVIEW
Yorgos Dimitriadis
This article aims to define the conceptual field of jouissance in Lacanian theory, and put forth the hypothesis of a relationship between certain neurophysiological mechanisms and specific clinical phenomena where jouissance is "kindled" and outside the control of the symbolic process. First, the author briefly introduces Lacan's notion of jouissance and the way it draws on Freud's theorization, and describes the preliminary stages of this conceptual field in Lacan's work. Then, the jouissance related to two other concepts: repetition, with its Freudian and Lacanian nuances, as well as the-exclusively-Lacanian concept of the object petit a...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28980938/the-large-scale-organization-of-shape-processing-in-the-ventral-and-dorsal-pathways
#14
Erez Freud, Jody C Culham, David C Plaut, Marlene Behrmann
Although shape perception is considered a function of the ventral visual pathway, evidence suggests that the dorsal pathway also derives shape-based representations. In two psychophysics and neuroimaging experiments, we characterized the response properties, topographical organization and perceptual relevance of these representations. In both pathways, shape sensitivity increased from early visual cortex to extrastriate cortex but then decreased in anterior regions. Moreover, the lateral aspect of the ventral pathway and posterior regions of the dorsal pathway were sensitive to the availability of fundamental shape properties, even for unrecognizable images...
October 5, 2017: ELife
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28975624/genesis-and-profanation-of-the-other-world-the-interpretation-of-dreams
#15
Leandro Drivet
This paper addresses Nietzsche's reflections on the phenomenon of dreams as a crucial precedent of Freud's Die Traumdeutung. The works of Nietzsche and Freud are scrutinized to establish and compare the most relevant aspects of their understanding of dreams. The philosophical impact of both accounts is assessed in terms of the transvaluation of religious and metaphysical values, which reveals three epistemological shifts: the replacement of Metaphysics by History/Genealogy (Nietzsche) and by Metapsychology (Freud), and the expansion of rationality beyond the limits of consciousness (Nietzsche and Freud)...
October 4, 2017: International Journal of Psycho-analysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28972891/executive-control-erp-and-pro-inflammatory-activity-in-emotionally-exhausted-middle-aged-employees-comparison-between-subclinical-burnout-and-mild-to-moderate-depression
#16
Patrick D Gajewski, Sylvia Boden, Gabriele Freude, Guy G Potter, Maren Claus, Peter Bröde, Carsten Watzl, Stephan Getzmann, Michael Falkenstein
Burnout is a syndrome occurring mainly in individuals with long-term stressful work. The main complaints are emotional exhaustion and reduced performance. Burnout also largely overlaps with depression. Both are characterized by increased incidence of infections due to dysregulation of the immune system, overexpression of pro-inflammatory cytokines and cognitive deficits, particularly related to executive functions. To distinguish between burnout and depression already at the pre-clinical stage, the present double-blinded study compared immunological and cognitive parameters in seventy-six employees from emotionally demanding occupations who were post-hoc subdivided into two groups scoring low (EE-) and high (EE+) in emotional exhaustion and low (DE-) and high (DE+) in depression...
December 2017: Psychoneuroendocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28966601/the-lacanian-concept-of-paranoia-an-historical-perspective
#17
Thomas Lepoutre, Manoel L Madeira, Nicolas Guerin
This article seeks to reopen a major question raised by the Lacanian nosology of the psychoses, by looking closely at Lacan's formulations of what he never ceased referring to as "paranoia". While almost all classification systems of modern psychiatry, such as the ICD-10 and the DSM-5, have abandoned the specific category of paranoia, Lacan always viewed paranoia as a major category of "functional psychosis". He held that paranoia was a qualitatively different disorder than schizophrenia, and considered it to be the principal or exemplary form of psychosis...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28960345/hypochondria-as-an-actual-neurosis
#18
Bernd Nissen
Freud defined hypochondria as an actual neurosis. In this paper the actual neurosis will be interpreted as unbound traumatic elements which threaten the self. In severe hypochondria, breakdowns have occurred, as outlined by Winnicott. The nameless traumatic elements of the breakdown have been encapsulated. The moment these encapsulated elements are liberated, an actual dynamic takes place which threatens the self with annihilation. Projective identification is not possible because no idea of containment exists...
September 27, 2017: International Journal of Psycho-analysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28957579/development-of-cultural-competence-among-social-work-students-a-psychoanalytic-perspective
#19
Noga Levin-Keini, Shirley Ben Shlomo
This article addresses the development of attitudes toward the other and otherness in light of the classical psychoanalytical approach of Freud. Through this approach, the authors attempt to surmount the criticism that was raised in the literature in connection with the difficulty faced by students and professionals in the field of social work in achieving cultural competence. Based on this approach the authors suggest that cultural competence can develop provided two conditions exist: (1) interpersonal contact between lecturer and student, and (2) using the bond to help the student connect with the inner stranger within himself or herself, or as Freud put it, connecting with the "unconscious parts of the mind...
October 1, 2017: Social Work
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28946163/dual-versus-triple-antibiotics-regimen-in-children-with-perforated-acute-appendicitis
#20
Yael Dreznik, Elad Feigin, Inbal Samuk, Dragan Kravarusic, Artur Baazov, Itzhak Levy, Gilat Livni, Enrique Freud
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 25, 2017: European Journal of Pediatric Surgery
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