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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28548205/reflections-on-klein-s-radical-notion-of-phantasy-and-its-implications-for-analytic-practice
#1
Rachel B Blass
Analysts may incorporate many of Melanie Klein's important contributions (e.g., on preoedipal dynamics, envy, and projective identification) without transforming their basic analytic approach. In this paper I argue that adopting the Kleinian notion of unconscious phantasy is transformative. While it is grounded in Freud's thinking and draws out something essential to his work, this notion of phantasy introduces a radical change that defines Kleinian thinking and practice and significantly impacts the analyst's basic clinical approach...
May 26, 2017: International Journal of Psycho-analysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28543953/improved-technical-success-postnatal-outcomes-and-refined-predictors-of-outcome-for-fetal-aortic-valvuloplasty
#2
Kevin G Friedman, Lynn A Sleeper, Lindsay R Freud, Audrey C Marshall, Max E Godfrey, Monika Drogosz, Terra Lafranchi, Carol B Benson, Louise E Wilkins-Haug, Wayne Tworetzky
BACKGROUND: Fetal aortic valvuloplasty (FAV) may prevent progression of mid-gestation aortic stenosis (AS) to hypoplastic left heart syndrome (HLHS). METHODS: We evaluate outcomes in 123 fetuses that underwent FAV between 2000 and 2015. We analyze whether technical success and biventricular (Biv) outcome changed from the early era (2000-08) to a more recent era (2009-15) and identify pre-FAV predictors of Biv outcome. We developed CART models to predict the likelihood of Biv outcome...
May 22, 2017: Ultrasound in Obstetrics & Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28542871/interpretation-as-freud-s-specific-action-and-bion-s-container-contained
#3
Chris Mawson
This is a paper showing how a concept central to the work of Wilfred Bion, and one of Klein's important recommendations concerning the practice of analysis with adults and small children, can both be seen in the light of Freud's earliest formulation of the origin of anxiety and the mother's first responses to her infant in distress. In the paper I suggest that these clinically influential concepts of Klein and Bion show an underlying consistency and affinity with Freud's early ideas about the management of anxiety in the mother-infant relationship, described in two of his pre-psychoanalytic writings, How Anxiety Originates (1894b), and The Project for a Scientific Psychology (1950 [1895])...
May 25, 2017: International Journal of Psycho-analysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28530419/interpersonal-rivalries-gender-and-the-intellectual-and-scientific-making-of-psychoanalysis-in-1940s-britain
#4
Michal Shapira
This article examines the 1940s debates regarding the status and professional orthodoxy of psychoanalysis following Sigmund Freud's death, by exploring the Anna Freud-Melanie Klein Controversial Discussions in the British Psychoanalytical Society. Focusing on the work of now-forgotten analysts Melitta Schmideberg and Edward Glover, and on their relationship with Klein and her supporters, the article reveals how these neglected, yet important, debates were complicated by interpersonal and professional ties, processes of the professionalization, and changing gender norms...
May 2017: History of Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28508670/why-did-sigmund-freud-refuse-to-see-pierre-janet-origins-of-psychoanalysis-janet-freud-or-both
#5
Michael Fitzgerald
Pierre Janet and Joseph Breuer were the true originators of psychoanalysis. Freud greatly elaborated on their findings. Freud initially admitted these facts but denied them in later life. Janet discovered the concept transference before Freud.
May 1, 2017: History of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28503849/meaning-and-object-in-freud-s-theory-of-language
#6
Richard Theisen Simanke
This article sets out to challenge the interpretation of Freud's views on the origins of the meaning of language according to which meaning always originates from an act of naming. In Freud's terms, word-presentations would originally denote object- or thing-presentations and gain meaning through this reference. This interpretation claims that this view was already expressed in Freud's On Aphasia (1891) and influenced all his later theory of language. To oppose this claim, three conceptions proposed by Freud are discussed that strongly suggest the participation of language in the construction of the field of objects: a metapsychological hypothesis (the concepts of word-, thing-, and object-presentation), the explanation of a psychopathological phenomenon (the genesis of a fetishistic object-choice), and a concept concerning the foundations of the psychoanalytic method of dream interpretation (secondary elaboration)...
May 15, 2017: International Journal of Psycho-analysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28477037/from-ghost-to-ancestor-s%C3%A3-ndor-ferenczi-s-impact-on-clinical-social-work
#7
Steven Kuchuck
Beginning in the 1920s, Freudian psychoanalytic theory had a deep impact on social work practice and education and helped to professionalize clinical social work. Not as well-known was the role that Freud's patient and colleague Sándor Ferenczi played in this evolution. Through a review of the relevant literature and primary sources-some presented here for the first time-I will explore the ways in which Ferenczi's work directly impacted the development of clinical social work.
May 5, 2017: American Journal of Psychoanalysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28473701/anxious-laughter-mauron-s-renversement-and-gogol-s-overcoat
#8
Alfie Bown
Inside and outside of psychoanalysis, laughter has often been thought of as relating to anxiety, with the usual line being that laughter can be a response to anxiety or a way of dealing with it. This article argues that laughter cannot be said to eradicate or 'deal with' anxiety and that laughter is always unsettling precisely because it contains anxiety and indicates its continuing threat. The article discusses Freud and Lacan on anxiety, as well as Charles Mauron, an understudied writer whose Psychocritique du Genre Comique was the only sustained study of psychoanalysis and comedy until very recently...
May 4, 2017: American Journal of Psychoanalysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28472613/emerging-insights-on-the-pathogenesis-and-treatment-of-extranodal-nk-t-cell-lymphomas-enktl
#9
Bradley M Haverkos, Carrie Coleman, Alejandro A Gru, Zenggang Pan, Jonathan Brammer, Rosemary Rochford, Anjali Mishra, Christopher C Oakes, Robert A Baiocchi, Aharon G Freud, Pierluigi Porcu
Extranodal NK/T-cell lymphoma (ENKTL) is a rare aggressive extranodal non-Hodgkin lymphoma (NHL) universally associated with Epstein-Barr virus (EBV). ENKTL most commonly occurs in non-elderly immune competent males in Asia and South America. A number of antecedent lymphoproliferative disorders (LPDs) have been described in Asian and South American patients, but the majority of Caucasian ENKTL patients have no known preceding LPD or underlying immunodeficiency. Other than EBV, no environmental or extrinsic factor has been implicated in oncogenesis...
March 2017: Discovery Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28468551/the-secret-source-of-female-hysteria-the-role-that-syphilis-played-in-the-construction-of-female-sexuality-and-psychoanalysis-in-the-late-nineteenth-and-early-twentieth-centuries
#10
Lois P Rudnick, Alison M Heru
In the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries, the unspoken fear of syphilis played a significant role in the development of beliefs about female sexuality. Many women were afraid of sexual relationships with men because they feared contracting syphilis, which was, at that time, untreatable. Women also feared passing this disease on to their children. Women's sexual aversion, or repression, became a focus for Freud and his colleagues, whose theory of psychosexual development was based on their treatment of women...
June 2017: History of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28466618/point-of-care-ultrasound-in-a-department-of-pediatric-and-adolescent-surgery
#11
Efrat Avinadav, Anastasia Almog, Dragan Kravarusic, Emanuelle Seguier, Inbal Samuk, Adrianna Nika, Enrique Freud
BACKGROUND: Point-of-care ultrasound (POCUS) is becoming a common tool for routine use in emergency medicine, anesthesiology and intensive care for diagnostic and interventional purposes. When a portable ultrasound device became available for the department of Pediatric and Adolescent Surgery at the Schneider's Children Medical Center of Israel, we added POCUS assessments to the physician's daily rounds. POCUS is performed by pediatric surgeons trained in basic ultrasonography skills...
November 2016: Israel Medical Association Journal: IMAJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28466472/blind-cave-of-eternal-night-the-work-of-mourning-in-tagore-s-play-of-four
#12
Kamalika Mitra
This paper correlates Sigmund Freud and Rabindranath Tagore's writings on mourning through two specific texts. Despite being contemporaries and profoundly influential, Tagore and Freud's spheres of influence have tended to be separate, so that there have been but few attempts at connecting their philosophies. This essay examines the second chapter of Tagore's novella Play of Four (Chaturanga, 1916) in the light of Freud's essay 'Mourning and melancholia' (1917). It explores how mourning may at once demand confirmation and denial; how it affects love and desire...
May 3, 2017: International Journal of Psycho-analysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28451380/which-factors-affect-the-implementation-of-geriatric-recommendations-by-primary-care-physicians
#13
Yan Press, Boris Punchik, Ella Kagan, Alex Barzak, Tamar Freud
BACKGROUND: The overall implementation rate for outpatient comprehensive geriatric assessment (OCGAU) recommendations ranges from 48.6 to 71%. The purpose of the study was to identify factors that reduce the implementation rate of geriatric recommendations. METHODS: The medical records of patients who were assessed in the comprehensive geriatric assessment unit over an 8 year study period were surveyed. Data collected included patient's characteristics (socio-demographic, functional, cognitive, and affective condition, co-morbidity), number of recommendations, the identity of the geriatrician, and data related to the primary physician (age, sex, seniority, number of patients referred for geriatric assessment)...
2017: Israel Journal of Health Policy Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28438330/demonic-possession-by-jean-lhermitte
#14
E Drouin, T Péréon, Y Péréon
The name of the French neurologist and psychiatrist Jean Lhermitte (1877-1959) is most often associated with the sign he described back in 1927 in three patients with multiple sclerosis. We are reporting unpublished handwritten notes by Jean Lhermitte about 'demonic possession', which date from the 1950s. Drawing from his experiences in neuropsychiatry, Lhermitte gathered notable case reviews as well as individual case histories. For him, cases of demonic possession are of a psychiatric nature with social background exerting a strong influence...
April 21, 2017: L'Encéphale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28436780/truth-axes-and-the-transformation-of-self
#15
Shlomit Yadlin-Gadot
Freud adhered to the idea that psychoanalysis is a science and that truth is one. The transition from a realistic epistemology to an epistemology of subjective idealism in psychoanalytic thought was accompanied by the splintering of the "one" realistic truth into a multiplicity of truths: realistic-correspondent, ideal, subjective-existential, intersubjective, coherent, and pragmatic truths. The present paper, employing the concept of "truth axes," explores these truths as they relate to basic human needs, self- states, and the structuring of subjectivity...
April 2017: Psychoanalytic Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28431740/getting-a-grip-on-reality-grasping-movements-directed-to-real-objects-and-images-rely-on-dissociable-neural-representations
#16
Erez Freud, Scott N Macdonald, Juan Chen, Derek J Quinlan, Melvyn A Goodale, Jody C Culham
In the current era of touchscreen technology, humans commonly execute visually guided actions directed to two-dimensional (2D) images of objects. Although real, three-dimensional (3D), objects and images of the same objects share high degree of visual similarity, they differ fundamentally in the actions that can be performed on them. Indeed, previous behavioral studies have suggested that simulated grasping of images relies on different representations than actual grasping of real 3D objects. Yet the neural underpinnings of this phenomena have not been investigated...
March 18, 2017: Cortex; a Journal Devoted to the Study of the Nervous System and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28426281/identification-of-ssea-1-expressing-enhanced-reprogramming-seer-cells-in-porcine-embryonic-fibroblasts
#17
Dong Li, Jan O Secher, Morten Juhl, Kaveh Mashayekhi, Troels T Nielsen, Bjørn Holst, Poul Hyttel, Kristine K Freude, Vanessa J Hall
Previous research has shown that a subpopulation of cells within cultured human dermal fibroblasts, termed multilineage-differentiating stress enduring (Muse) cells, are preferentially reprogrammed into induced pluripotent stem cells. However, controversy exists over whether these cells are the only cells capable of being reprogrammed from a heterogeneous population of fibroblasts. Similarly, there is little research to suggest such cells may exist in embryonic tissues or other species. To address if such a cell population exists in pigs, we investigated porcine embryonic fibroblast populations (pEFs) and identified heterogeneous expression of several key cell surface markers...
April 20, 2017: Cell Cycle
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28406508/integration-of-digital-microfluidics-with-whispering-gallery-mode-sensors-for-label-free-detection-of-biomolecules
#18
Sentayehu F Wondimu, Sebastian von der Ecken, Ralf Ahrens, Wolfgang Freude, Andreas E Guber, Christian Koos
We present a multi-sensor chip comprising an array of whispering-gallery mode (WGM) micro-goblet lasers integrated into a digital microfluidic (DMF) system. In contrast to earlier demonstrations, the lasers are fabricated from dye-doped poly-methyl methacrylate (PMMA) at low cost using spin-coating, mask-based optical lithography, wet chemical etching, and thermal reflow techniques. Pumping and read-out of the devices is accomplished via simple free-space optics, thereby allowing large-scale sensor arrays to be addressed...
April 13, 2017: Lab on a Chip
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28403200/identification-of-potential-biomarkers-in-donor-cows-for-in-vitro-embryo-production-by-granulosa-cell-transcriptomics
#19
Gianluca Mazzoni, Suraya M Salleh, Kristine Freude, Hanne S Pedersen, Lotte Stroebech, Henrik Callesen, Poul Hyttel, Haja N Kadarmideen
The Ovum Pick Up-In vitro Production (OPU-IVP) of embryos is an advanced reproductive technology used in cattle production but the complex biological mechanisms behind IVP outcomes are not fully understood. In this study we sequenced RNA of granulosa cells collected from Holstein cows at oocyte aspiration prior to IVP, to identify candidate genes and biological mechanisms for favourable IVP-related traits in donor cows where IVP was performed separately for each animal. We identified 56 genes significantly associated with IVP scores (BL rate, kinetic and morphology)...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28396671/modeling-human-natural-killer-cell-development-in-the-era-of-innate-lymphoid-cells
#20
Steven D Scoville, Aharon G Freud, Michael A Caligiuri
Decades after the discovery of natural killer (NK) cells, their developmental pathways in mice and humans have not yet been completely deciphered. Accumulating evidence indicates that NK cells can develop in multiple tissues throughout the body. Moreover, detailed and comprehensive models of NK cell development were proposed soon after the turn of the century. However, with the recent identification and characterization of other subtypes of innate lymphoid cells (ILCs), which show some overlapping functional and phenotypic features with NK cell developmental intermediates, the distinct stages through which human NK cells develop from early hematopoietic progenitor cells remain unclear...
2017: Frontiers in Immunology
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