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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29774002/on-the-drive-specificity-of-freudian-drives-for-the-generation-of-seeking-activities-the-importance-of-the-underestimated-imperative-motor-factor
#1
Michael Kirsch, Wolfgang Mertens
Doubters of Freud's theory of drives frequently mentioned that his approach is outdated and therefore cannot be useful for solving current problems in patients with mental disorders. At present, many scientists believe that affects rather than drives are of utmost importance for the emotional life and the theoretical framework of affective neuroscience, developed by Panksepp, strongly underpinned this view. Panksepp evaluated seven so-called command systems and the SEEKING system is therein of central importance...
2018: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29708412/illusion-as-a-basic-psychic-principle-winnicott-freud-oedipus-and-trump
#2
Stephen Seligman
Illusion can be viewed as a creative engagement with the world, and as a central psychic motivation and capacity, rather than as a form of self-deception. Winnicott and other Middle Group writers have understood integrative, imaginative illusion as an essential part of healthy living and psychosocial development. As such, it emerges and presents itself in a variety of ways, in transaction with the realities that support or degrade it. In its absence, varied difficulties in living ensue. To elaborate and illustrate this conceptualization, Freud's notion that the oedipus complex is resolved is reconsidered as a creative misreading of Sophocles' Oedipus trilogy, one based on the plausible illusion of a civilizing psychosocial development that would serve as a protective bastion against his experience of the political chaos and violence of the first decades of twentieth-century European history...
April 2018: Journal of the American Psychoanalytic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29665586/-working-conditions-and-mental-health-among-salaried-physicians-a-nationwide-comparison-with-a-representative-sample-of-employees
#3
Uwe Rose, Grit Müller, Gabriele Freude, Norbert Kersten
AIM: Do the amount of workload, strain and the association between both differ between employed physician and other employees subject to social security contributions? This is investigated in this present study by comparing two representative samples. METHODS: Psycho-social working conditions were by assessed computer-assisted personal interviews and supplemented by questions about burnout and depressive symptoms. The associations were investigated by linear regression analysis including moderating effects due to differences between occupations...
April 17, 2018: Das Gesundheitswesen
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29661007/when-ernest-jones-first-arrived-in-toronto-or-reappraising-the-bruce-letter
#4
Philip Kuhn
In July 1962, Toronto-based surgeon, Herbert Bruce, wrote a private and confidential letter to social worker and historian Cyril Greenland with some memories and impressions of Sigmund Freud's lifelong friend and biographer, Ernest Jones, in Toronto (1908-1913). In the letter, Bruce described Jones as a 'sexual pervert'. Despite Bruce's condemnation of Jones, historians and biographers have largely ignored this controversial aspect of Jones' impression in Toronto. The article traces how scholars have handled the existence of the Bruce letter, and the consequences for how this history has been understood...
April 16, 2018: Canadian Bulletin of Medical History, Bulletin Canadien D'histoire de la Médecine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29644598/essential-roles-of-lactate-in-m%C3%A3-ller-cell-survival-and-function
#5
Rupali Vohra, Blanca I Aldana, Dorte M Skytt, Kristine Freude, Helle Waagepetersen, Linda H Bergersen, Miriam Kolko
Müller cells are pivotal in sustaining retinal ganglion cells, and an intact energy metabolism is essential for upholding Müller cell functions. The present study aimed to investigate the impact of lactate on Müller cell survival and function. Primary mice Müller cells and human Müller cell lines (MIO-M1) were treated with or without lactate (10 or 20 mM) for 2 and 24 hours. Simultaneously, Müller cells were incubated with or without 6 mM of glucose. L-lactate exposure increased Müller cell survival independently of the presence of glucose...
April 11, 2018: Molecular Neurobiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29643372/good-and-bad-love-and-intimacy-from-plato-to-melanie-klein
#6
David Stromberg
Melanie Klein's theories on love outline a complex system of relations-an oscillating dynamic of psychical and emotional tendencies following from both actual experience and fantasies produced by the mind. Her insights are often discussed and applied in psychoanalytical contexts, but the philosophical implications of her theory-especially in relation to Platonic thought-have rarely been discussed. In this article, I will attempt to address this gap by setting out some preliminary yet core considerations shared by both Plato and Klein...
April 11, 2018: American Journal of Psychoanalysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29617202/the-psychoanalyst-s-resistance-to-the-task-of-proof
#7
Austin Ratner
Freud's letters and papers indicate that his emotions interfered with his endeavor to justify his theories to an unsympathetic public. His example suggests that a psychoanalyst who wishes to prove the validity of psychoanalysis to critics may experience strong and unpalatable emotions that in turn stimulate defense mechanisms, such as avoidance of proving activities. While Freud habitually observed the public's resistance to psychoanalytic ideas, he overlooked the possibility of his own resistance to presenting them...
April 2018: Psychoanalytic Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29615631/silicon-organic-hybrid-soh-mach-zehnder-modulators-for-100-gbit-s-on-off-keying
#8
Stefan Wolf, Heiner Zwickel, Wladislaw Hartmann, Matthias Lauermann, Yasar Kutuvantavida, Clemens Kieninger, Lars Altenhain, Rolf Schmid, Jingdong Luo, Alex K-Y Jen, Sebastian Randel, Wolfgang Freude, Christian Koos
Electro-optic modulators for high-speed on-off keying (OOK) are key components of short- and medium-reach interconnects in data-center networks. Small footprint, cost-efficient large-scale production, small drive voltages and ultra-low power consumption are of paramount importance for such devices. Here we demonstrate that the concept of silicon-organic hybrid (SOH) integration perfectly meets these challenges. The approach combines the unique processing advantages of large-scale silicon photonics with unrivalled electro-optic (EO) coefficients obtained by molecular engineering of organic materials...
April 3, 2018: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29609724/did-ren%C3%A3-descartes-have-exploding-head-syndrome
#9
Abidemi Idowu Otaiku
René Descartes (1596-1650), "the Father of Modern Philosophy" and advocate of mind-body dualism, had three successive dreams on November 10, 1619 that changed the trajectory of his life and the trajectory of human thought. Descartes' influential dreams have been of interest to a number of commentators including the famous neurologist and psychoanalyst Sigmund Freud. Descartes' second dream in particular, in which he heard a loud noise in his head before seeing a bright flash of light upon awakening, has been discussed extensively...
March 30, 2018: Journal of Clinical Sleep Medicine: JCSM: Official Publication of the American Academy of Sleep Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29608540/work-related-determinants-of-burnout-in-a-nationally-representative-sample-of-german-employees-results-from-the-study-on-mental-health-at-work
#10
Grit Müller, Bettina Brendel, Gabriele Freude, Guy Potter, Uwe Rose, Hermann Burr, Michael Falkenstein, Peter Martus
OBJECTIVE: To present first representative data on burnout measured as exhaustion in German employees. METHODS: Data was taken from the Study on Mental Health at Work (n = 4,058). Computer-assisted personal interviews were conducted in 2011-2012. Multiple linear regression models were estimated to investigate the association between work-related and personal variables and burnout. RESULTS: Severe burnout was detected in nearly 3% of employees...
March 30, 2018: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29593360/from-die-traumdeutung-to-the-squiggle-game-a-brief-history-of-an-evolution
#11
Alberto Stefana
It is often possible to retrace the history of a new concept or a new technique, identifying precursor and reflections that would lay the foundations for the birth of something "new". This also applies to the "squiggle game" of Donald W. Winnicott, one of the Winnicottian "creations" in which the distinctive signs of its fatherhood are more evident as, at the same time, are evident several debts to other scientists: from Freud's interpretation of dreams, through Jung, Klein and Fordham to Milner's "free drawings"...
March 28, 2018: American Journal of Psychoanalysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29590486/age-burnout-and-physical-and-psychological-work-ability-among-nurses
#12
D J Hatch, G Freude, P Martus, U Rose, G Müller, G G Potter
Background: The ageing of the US labour force highlights the need to examine older adults' physical and psychological ability to work, under varying levels of occupational burnout. Aims: To examine how age and burnout interact in predicting physical and psychological work ability. Methods: Using a cohort of actively working nurses, we assessed factors on the Work Ability Index at 12-month follow-up and determined how these were related to age and exhaustion-related burnout at baseline...
March 26, 2018: Occupational Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29589121/sigmund-freud-early-network-theories-of-the-brain
#13
REVIEW
Werner Surbeck, Tim Killeen, Johannes Vetter, Gerhard Hildebrandt
Since the early days of modern neuroscience, psychological models of brain function have been a key component in the development of new knowledge. These models aim to provide a framework that allows the integration of discoveries derived from the fundamental disciplines of neuroscience, including anatomy and physiology, as well as clinical neurology and psychiatry. During the initial stages of his career, Sigmund Freud (1856-1939), became actively involved in these nascent fields with a burgeoning interest in functional neuroanatomy...
March 27, 2018: Acta Neurochirurgica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29574047/psychoanalysis-in-modern-mental-health-practice
#14
REVIEW
Jessica Yakeley
Like any discipline, psychoanalysis has evolved considerably since its inception by Freud over a century ago, and a multitude of different psychoanalytic traditions and schools of theory and practice now exist. However, some of Freud's original ideas, such as the dynamic unconscious, a developmental approach, defence mechanisms, and transference and countertransference remain essential tenets of psychoanalytic thinking to this day. This Review outlines several areas within modern mental health practice in which contemporary adaptations and applications of these psychoanalytic concepts might offer helpful insights and improvements in patient care and management, and concludes with an overview of evidence-based psychoanalytically informed treatments and the links between psychoanalysis, attachment research, and neuroscience...
March 21, 2018: Lancet Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29561234/more-than-action-the-dorsal-pathway-contributes-to-the-perception-of-3-d-structure
#15
Erez Freud, Amanda K Robinson, Marlene Behrmann
An evolving view in cognitive neuroscience is that the dorsal visual pathway not only plays a key role in visuomotor behavior but that it also contributes functionally to the recognition of objects. To characterize the nature of the object representations derived by the dorsal pathway, we assessed perceptual performance in the context of the continuous flash suppression paradigm, which suppresses object processing in the ventral pathway while sparing computation in the dorsal pathway. In a series of experiments, prime stimuli, which were rendered imperceptible by the continuous flash suppression, still contributed to perceptual decisions related to the subsequent perceptible target stimuli...
March 21, 2018: Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29559705/the-cut-and-the-building-of-psychoanalysis-volume-1-sigmund-freud-and-emma-eckstein-by-carlo-bonomi-routledge-sussex-new-york-2015-288pp
#16
Louis Rothschild
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2017: American Journal of Psychoanalysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29544419/significance-of-intraoperative-revision-during-arterial-switch-operation-in-the-current-era
#17
Yuki Nakamura, David Kalfa, Paul Chai, Anjali Chelliah, Lindsay Freud, Emile Bacha, Jan Quaegebeur
BACKGROUND: Arterial switch operation (ASO) is a relatively safe operation nowadays. We hypothesize that intraoperative revision for coronary malperfusion still plays an important role during ASO in the current era. METHODS: From January 2005 to May 2016, 244 patients underwent ASO. Medical records were reviewed and the details of intraoperative revision were described. Morbidity and mortality were compared in patients with/without intraoperative revision. Factors related to the need for intraoperative revision were analyzed...
March 2018: World Journal for Pediatric & Congenital Heart Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29543099/points-of-entry-into-psychoanalysis-a-brief-introduction-to-sigmund-freud-s-psychoanalysis-and-his-enduring-legacy-by-abend-sander-m-new-york-international-psychoanalytic-books-2016-x-78-pp-29-95-paperback-entering-analysis-a-primer-for-psychoanalytic-clinicians
#18
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29543093/book-review-cold-war-freud-psychoanalysis-in-an-age-of-catastrophes-cold-war-freud-psychoanalysis-in-an-age-of-catastrophes-by-herzog-dagmar-cambridge-cambridge-university-press-2017-viii-311-pp-34-99-hardcover
#19
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29543092/book-review-freud-an-intellectual-biography-freud-an-intellectual-biography-by-whitebook-joel-cambridge-cambridge-university-press-2017-xii-484-pp-39-99-hardcover
#20
Lois Oppenheim
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2018: Journal of the American Psychoanalytic Association
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