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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28906598/is-the-supply-of-continuing-education-in-the-anatomical-sciences-keeping-up-with-the-demand-results-of-a-national-survey
#1
Adam B Wilson, J Bradley Barger, Patricia Perez, William S Brooks
Continuing education (CE) is an essential element in the life-long learning of health care providers and educators. Despite the importance of the anatomical sciences in the training and practice of clinicians, no studies have examined the need/state of anatomy-related CE nationally. This study assessed the current landscape of CE in the anatomical sciences to contextualize preferences for CE, identify factors that influence the perceived need for CE, and examine the association between supply and demand. Surveys were distributed to educators in the anatomical sciences, practicing physical therapists (PTs), and anatomy training programs across the United States...
September 14, 2017: Anatomical Sciences Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28903473/baseline-anatomical-assessment-of-the-uterus-and-ovaries-in-infertile-women-a-systematic-review-of-the-evidence-on-which-assessment-methods-are-the-safest-and-most-effective-in-terms-of-improving-fertility-outcomes
#2
Sarah C Armstrong, Marian Showell, Elizabeth A Stewart, Robert W Rebar, Sheryl Vanderpoel, Cynthia M Farquhar
BACKGROUND: This review focuses on the initial presentation of women who suspect that they are infertile, and how best to assess the anatomy of their uterus and ovaries in order to investigate the cause of their infertility, and potentially improve desired fertility outcomes. This review was undertaken as part of a World Health Organization initiative to assess the evidence available to address guidance for the diagnosis and treatment of infertility within a global context. Providing access to care for infertile women will help to ease the psycho-social burdens, such as ostracization, intimate partner violence and other negative consequences of being involuntarily childless or unable to become pregnant despite desiring a biological child or children...
September 1, 2017: Human Reproduction Update
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28902755/treatment-of-acute-carpal-bone-fractures
#3
Chad Hulsopple, Jesse Deluca, Christopher Jonas
Carpal bone fractures are common hand fractures that can be complicated by concomitant damage to surrounding structures, chronic comorbidities, or delays in diagnosis. This article provides an overview of wrist anatomy, an expedited review of the athlete's presenting condition, and a systematic approach to the evaluation of the wrist. Recommended treatment plans are based on a review of the literature and an evidence-based approach to imaging studies. It is imperative that sports medicine providers be aware of current literature for carpal bone fractures and collaborate with other medical subspecialties and the athlete to provide recommendations for a safe return to play...
September 2017: Current Sports Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28890429/exploring-the-umbilical-and-vaginal-port-during-minimally-invasive-surgery
#4
Andrea Tinelli, Daniel A Tsin, Antonello Forgione, Ricardo Zorron, Giovanni Dapri, Antonio Malvasi, Tahar Benhidjeb, Radmila Sparic, Farr Nezhat
This article focuses on the anatomy, literature, and our own experiences in an effort to assist in the decision-making process of choosing between an umbilical or vaginal port. Umbilical access is more familiar to general surgeons; it is thicker than the transvaginal entry, and has more nerve endings and sensory innervations. This combination increases tissue damage and pain in the umbilical port site. The vaginal route requires prophylactic antibiotics, a Foley catheter, and a period of postoperative sexual abstinence...
September 1, 2017: Journal of the Turkish German Gynecological Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28885415/interactive-pelvic-anatomy-model-a-tool-for-teaching-basic-pelvic-anatomy
#5
Polina Advolodkina, E Britton Chahine
BACKGROUND: A knowledge deficit of pelvic anatomy has been noted in obstetrics and gynecology residents. In this article, we introduce an innovative anatomic model that uses readily accessible and reusable materials to simulate and teach anatomic relationships in the female pelvis. INSTRUMENT: Our anatomic model is a reusable and cost-effective modification of an existing pelvic model. We used felt fabric pieces with hook-and-loop fasteners to simulate the pelvic floor, perineum, and surrounding musculature as they attach to corresponding sites on a standard bony pelvis...
September 5, 2017: Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28882959/comparison-of-the-grip-strength-using-the-martin-vigorimeter-and-the-jamar-dynamometer-establishment-of-normal-values
#6
Sina Neumann, Sebastian Kwisda, Christian Krettek, Ralph Gaulke
BACKGROUND/AIM: The JAMAR-Dynamometer and the Martin-Vigorimeter are frequently used tools in a hand surgeon's daily routine. This survey is primarily concerned with the establishment of valid conversion factors for measured values of both instruments, as well as the investigation of influence of anatomical characteristics and age and sex on maximal measured grip strength. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We registered anamnestic data and specific anatomical conditions in 339 patients, maximal grip strength was measured using all notches of both instruments...
September 2017: In Vivo
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28881412/benefits-of-extracurricular-participation-in-dissection-in-a-prosection-based-medical-anatomy-program
#7
Alexander Whelan, John J Leddy, Christopher J Ramnanan
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the extracurricular cadaveric dissection program available to medical students at an institution with a modern (time-compressed, student-centered, and prosection-based) approach to medical anatomy education. Quantitative (Likert-style questions) and qualitative data (thematic analysis of open-ended commentary) were collated from a survey of three medical student cohorts who had completed preclerkship. Perceived benefits of dissection included the hands-on learning style and the development of anatomy expertise, while the main barrier that limited participation was the time-intensive nature of dissection...
September 7, 2017: Anatomical Sciences Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28855752/preservation-of-root-canal-anatomy-using-self-adjusting-file-instrumentation-with-glide-path-prepared-by-20-0-02-hand-files-versus-20-0-04-rotary-files
#8
Niharika Jain, Ajinkya M Pawar, Piyush D Ukey, Prashant K Jain, Bhagyashree Thakur, Abhishek Gupta
OBJECTIVES: To compare the relative axis modification and canal concentricity after glide path preparation with 20/0.02 hand K-file (NITIFLEX(®)) and 20/0.04 rotary file (HyFlex™ CM) with subsequent instrumentation with 1.5 mm self-adjusting file (SAF). MATERIALS AND METHODS: One hundred and twenty ISO 15, 0.02 taper, Endo Training Blocks (Dentsply Maillefer, Ballaigues, Switzerland) were acquired and randomly divided into following two groups (n = 60): group 1, establishing glide path till 20/0...
March 2017: Journal of Conservative Dentistry: JCD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28852351/rapid-prototyping-3d-model-in-treatment-of-pediatric-hip-dysplasia-a-case-report
#9
Andrew M Holt, Zbigniew Starosolski, J Herman Kan, Scott B Rosenfeld
BACKGROUND: Rapid prototyping is an emerging technology that integrates common medical imaging with specialized production mechanisms to create detailed anatomic replicas. 3D-printed models of musculoskeletal anatomy have already proven useful in orthopedics and their applications continue to expand. CASE DESCRIPTION: We present the case of a 10 year-old female with Down syndrome and left acetabular dysplasia and chronic hip instability who underwent periacetabular osteotomy...
2017: Iowa Orthopaedic Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28838356/sleeping-beauty-developmental-timing-sleep-and-the-circadian-clock-in-caenorhabditis-elegans
#10
M Olmedo, M Merrow, M Geibel
The genetics toolkit is pretty successful in drilling down into minutiae. The big challenge is to integrate the information from this specialty as well as those of biochemistry, physiology, behavior, and anatomy to explain how fundamental biological processes really work. Sleep, the circadian clock and development all qualify as overarching processes that encompass levels from molecule to behavior as part of their known mechanisms. They overlap each other, such that understanding the mechanisms of one can lead to insights into one of the others...
2017: Advances in Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28833372/axonal-components-of-nerves-innervating-the-human-arm
#11
Bernhard Gesslbauer, Laura A Hruby, Aidan D Roche, Dario Farina, Roland Blumer, Oskar C Aszmann
OBJECTIVE: Axons traveling within the brachial plexus are responsible for the dexterous control of human arm and hand movements. Despite comprehensive knowledge on the topographical anatomy of nerves innervating the human upper limbs, the definite quantity of sensory and motor axons within this neural network remains elusive. Our aim was to perform a quantitative analysis of the axonal components of human upper limb nerves based on highly specific molecular features from spinal cord level to the terminal nerves at wrist level...
August 18, 2017: Annals of Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28817242/improved-medical-student-perception-of-ultrasound-using-a-paired-anatomy-teaching-assistant-and-clinician-teaching-model
#12
Jacob P Smith, John L Kendall, Danielle F Royer
This study describes a new teaching model for ultrasound (US) training, and evaluates its effect on medical student attitudes toward US. First year medical students participated in hands-on US during human gross anatomy (2014 N = 183; 2015 N = 182). The sessions were facilitated by clinicians alone in 2014, and by anatomy teaching assistant (TA)-clinician pairs in 2015. Both cohorts completed course evaluations which included five US-related items on a four-point scale; cohort responses were compared using Mann-Whitney U tests with significance threshold set at 0...
August 17, 2017: Anatomical Sciences Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28808982/radial-head-prosthesis-results-overview
#13
E Carità, A Donadelli, L Cugola, P Perazzini
BACKGROUND/PURPOSE: Radial head replacement is frequently used in treatment of radial head fractures or sequela. Impossibility to restore a correct anatomy, acute elbow traumatic instability and failure of osteosynthesis hardware are the most common indications. The authors describe their case studies and results on the implantation of various radial head prostheses. MATERIALS: Between June 2005 and June 2016, 28 radial head prostheses were implanted in the same number of patients with an average follow-up of 49 months (6-104)...
August 14, 2017: Musculoskeletal Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28807213/turkey-model-for-flexor-tendon-research-in%C3%A2-vitro-comparison-of-human-canine-turkey-and-chicken-tendons
#14
Assaf Kadar, Andrew R Thoreson, Ramona L Reisdorf, Peter C Amadio, Steven L Moran, Chunfeng Zhao
BACKGROUND: Flexor tendon injuries are one of the most common hand injuries and remain clinically challenging for functional restoration. Canine and chicken have been the most commonly used animal models for flexor tendon-related research but possess several disadvantages. The purpose of this study was to explore a potential turkey model for flexor tendon research. METHODS: The third digit from human cadaveric hands, canine forepaws, turkey foot, and chicken foot were used for this study...
August 2017: Journal of Surgical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28799622/morphometric-variation-and-ray-allocation-of-human-proximal-hand-phalanges
#15
Fotios Alexandros Karakostis, Carlos Lorenzo, Konstantinos Moraitis
In previous studies, the anatomy of proximal hand phalanges has been described and techniques of anatomical allocation have been developed. However, these rely on the observation of small phalangeal traits without providing a multivariate analysis of morphological variation. In bioarchaeological contexts, the form of these distinctive traits is often not clear and the use of alternative supplementary methods is vital. This study aims to conduct a multivariate analysis of proximal phalanges and introduce a new methodology of ray allocation for isolated proximal phalanges...
August 11, 2017: Anthropologischer Anzeiger; Bericht über die Biologisch-anthropologische Literatur
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28799490/neurotransplantation-therapy-and-cerebellar-reserve
#16
Jan Cendelin, Hiroshi Mitoma, Mario Manto
Neurotransplantation has been recently the focus of interest as a promising therapy to substitute lost cerebellar neurons and improve cerebellar ataxias. However, since cell differentiation and synaptic formation are required to obtain a functional circuitry, highly integrated reproduction of cerebellar anatomy is not a simple process. Rather than a genuine replacement, recent studies have shown that grafted cells rescue surviving cells from neurodegeneration by exerting trophic effects, supporting mitochondrial function, modulating neuroinflammation, stimulating endogenous regenerative processes, and facilitating cerebellar compensatory properties thanks to neural plasticity...
August 10, 2017: CNS & Neurological Disorders Drug Targets
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28797305/improved-success-rates-using-videolaryngoscopy-in-unexperienced-users-a-randomized-crossover-study-in-airway-manikins
#17
Hendrik Eismann, Lion Sieg, Nicola Etti, Lars Friedrich, Christian Schröter, Philipp Mommsen, Christian Krettek, Christian Zeckey
BACKGROUND: Videolaryngoscopy has been proven to be a safe procedure managing difficult airways in the hands of airway specialists. Information about the success rates in unexperienced users of videolaryngoscopy compared to conventional laryngoscopy is sparse. Therefore, we aimed to evaluate if there might be more success in securing an airway if the unexperienced provider is using a videolaryngoscope in simulated airways in a randomized manikin study. Differences between commonly used videolaryngoscopes were elucidated...
August 10, 2017: European Journal of Medical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28795411/does-ultrasound-enhanced-instruction-of-musculoskeletal-anatomy-improve-physical-examination-skills-of-first-year-medical-students
#18
Bryant J Walrod, Allison Schroeder, Mark J Conroy, Laura C Boucher, Marcia Bockbrader, David P Way, Kendra L McCamey, Clinton A Hartz, Michael A Jonesco, David P Bahner
OBJECTIVES: Ultrasound imaging is commonly used to teach basic anatomy to medical students. The purpose of this study was to determine whether learning musculoskeletal anatomy with ultrasound improved performance on medical students' musculoskeletal physical examination skills. METHODS: Twenty-seven first-year medical students were randomly assigned to 1 of 2 instructional groups: either shoulder or knee. Both groups received a lecture followed by hands-on ultrasound scanning on live human models of the assigned joint...
August 10, 2017: Journal of Ultrasound in Medicine: Official Journal of the American Institute of Ultrasound in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28791730/arterial-supply-of-the-thumb-systemic-review
#19
REVIEW
J Miletin, A Sukop, V Baca, D Kachlik
We offer a complete systemic review of the anatomy of arteries of the thumb, including their sources in the first web space. Eleven studies were selected from the PubMed, Medline, Embase, Scopus and Ovid databases. Data about each artery of the thumb were obtained; in particular, the incidence and dominance of each of these arteries were calculated. The ulnopalmar digital artery of the thumb (UPDAT) was found in 99.63%, the radiopalmar digital artery of the thumb (RPDAT) in 99.26%, the ulnodorsal digital artery of the thumb (UDDAT) in 83...
August 9, 2017: Clinical Anatomy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28770484/high-resolution-mr-lymphangiography-for-planning-lymphaticovenous-anastomosis-treatment-a-single-centre-experience
#20
Maria Antonietta Mazzei, Francesco Gentili, Francesco Giuseppe Mazzei, Paolo Gennaro, Duccio Guerrieri, Andrea Nigri, Guido Gabriele, Elisabetta Weber, Alfonso Fausto, Giuseppe Botta, Luca Volterrani
PURPOSE: This article illustrates the feasibility of MR lymphangiography (MRL) for imaging lymphatic vessels in patients with lymphedema, its accuracy in distinguishing lymphatic vessels from veins, and its utility for planning Lymphaticovenous anastomosis (LVA) treatment. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We prospectively enrolled 30 patients (24 women, range 18-70, 17 cases of lower limb lymphedema, 6 cases of primary lymphedema). All the patients underwent MRL, using a 1...
August 2, 2017: La Radiologia Medica
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