keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Hand anatomy

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28337810/electronic-stic-improves-four-dimensional-fetal-echocardiography
#1
F Guasina, F Bellussi, G Morganelli, G Salsi, G Pilu, G Simonazzi
OBJECTIVES: To compare the efficiency of electronic Spatio-Temporal Image Correlation (eSTIC) with conventional STIC to acquire fetal cardiac four-dimensional (4D) volumes of diagnostic quality METHODS: This was a randomized controlled trial of 100 patients at midgestation with normal sonograms. In half of the cases, STIC of the fetal heart were obtained with a conventional mechanical 4D probe, in the remaining eSTIC were obtained with an electronic 4D probe. Examinations were kept within the time frame allotted for a standard examination of fetal anatomy, with a maximum of 2 attempts at obtaining a 4D cardiac volume...
March 24, 2017: Ultrasound in Obstetrics & Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28337460/caudal-epidural-block-an-updated-review-of-anatomy-and-techniques
#2
REVIEW
Sheng-Chin Kao, Chia-Shiang Lin
Caudal epidural block is a commonly used technique for surgical anesthesia in children and chronic pain management in adults. It is performed by inserting a needle through the sacral hiatus to gain entrance into the sacral epidural space. Using conventional blind technique, the failure rate of caudal epidural block in adults is high even in experienced hands. This high failure rate could be attributed to anatomic variations that make locating sacral hiatus difficult. With the advent of fluoroscopy and ultrasound in guiding needle placement, the success rate of caudal epidural block has been markedly improved...
2017: BioMed Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28317555/the-cervical-spine-of-australopithecus-sediba
#3
Marc R Meyer, Scott A Williams, Peter Schmid, Steven E Churchill, Lee R Berger
Cervical vertebrae are rare in the early hominin fossil record, presenting a challenge for understanding the evolution of the neck and head carriage in hominin evolution. Here, we examine the cervical vertebrae of Australopithecus sediba, which unlike other South African taxa is known from associated cervical vertebrae. The A. sediba cervical vertebrae exhibit human-like values for wedging, pedicle cross-sectional areas, and articular facet heights, indicating reduced ventral loading relative to African apes...
March 2017: Journal of Human Evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28317249/getting-back-to-the-dissecting-room-an-evaluation-of-an-innovative-course-in-musculoskeletal-anatomy-for-uk-based-rheumatology-training
#4
Tim Blake, Debbi Marais, Andrew B Hassell, Kay Stevenson, Zoe Paskins
BACKGROUND: The rheumatologist relies heavily on clinical skills to diagnose diverse conditions, something that is correlated with one's knowledge of clinical anatomy. More recently, rheumatology has offered further career flexibility with opportunities to develop skills such as joint injection and musculoskeletal (MSK) ultrasound, both of which require a sound understanding of anatomy. Currently, there are no formal strategies to support competency-based anatomy learning in rheumatology in the UK...
March 20, 2017: Musculoskeletal Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28316884/three-dimensional-visualisation-of-the-internal-anatomy-of-the-sparrowhawk-accipiter-nisus-forelimb-using-contrast-enhanced-micro-computed-tomography
#5
Fernanda Bribiesca-Contreras, William I Sellers
BACKGROUND: Gross dissection is a widespread method for studying animal anatomy, despite being highly destructive and time-consuming. X-ray computed tomography (CT) has been shown to be a non-destructive alternative for studying anatomical structures. However, in the past it has been limited to only being able to visualise mineralised tissues. In recent years, morphologists have started to use traditional X-ray contrast agents to allow the visualisation of soft tissue elements in the CT context...
2017: PeerJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28315694/incorporation-of-autopsy-case-based-learning-into-phd-graduate-education-a-novel-approach-to-bridging-the-bench-to-bedside-gap
#6
Erin G Brooks, Joanne M Thornton, Erik A Ranheim, Zsuzsanna Fabry
Given the current rapid expansion of biological knowledge and the challenges of translating that knowledge into clinical practice, finding effective methods of teaching graduate students clinical medicine concepts has become even more critical. The utility of autopsy in medical student and resident education has been well-established. Multiple studies have reported it to be a helpful means of teaching anatomy, pathophysiology, clinical problem-solving skills, and medical diagnostic techniques. While various models of training Ph...
March 15, 2017: Human Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28300033/-current-status-of-extracorporeal-shock-wave-lithotripsy-in-urinary-lithiasis
#7
Jose Gregorio Pereira-Arias, Mikel Gamarra-Quintanilla, Luis Felipe Urdaneta-Salegui, Jorge Alberto Mora-Christian, Andrea Sánchez-Vazquez, Ander Astobieta-Odriozola, Gaspar Ibarluzea-González
Over the last decade, urinary lithiasis' prevalence has dramatically increased due to diet and lifestyle changes, growing 10.6% and 7.1% in men and women respectively. Extracorporeal shock wave lithotripsy has lost relevance in current practice due to endoscopic device development and unpredictability of results. Instrument miniaturization is leading to an increase of the percutaneous approach of increasingly smaller stones, while most flexible ureteroscopes durability and digitalization has allowed urologists to address larger stones...
March 2017: Archivos Españoles de Urología
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28297277/application-programming-in-c-environment-with-recorded-user-software-interactions-and-its-application-in-autopilot-of-vmat-imrt-treatment-planning
#8
Henry Wang, Lei Xing
An autopilot scheme of volumetric-modulated arc therapy (VMAT)/intensity-modulated radiation therapy (IMRT) planning with the guidance of prior knowledge is established with recorded interactions between a planner and a commercial treatment planning system (TPS). Microsoft (MS) Visual Studio Coded UI is applied to record some common planner-TPS interactions as subroutines. The TPS used in this study is a Windows-based Eclipse system. The interactions of our application program with Eclipse TPS are realized through a series of subroutines obtained by prerecording the mouse clicks or keyboard strokes of a planner in operating the TPS...
November 2016: Journal of Applied Clinical Medical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28283212/-identification-of-perforating-vessels-by-augmented-reality-application-for-the-deep-inferior-epigastric-perforator-flap
#9
R Bosc, A Fitoussi, F Pigneur, V Tacher, B Hersant, J-P Meningaud
The augmented reality on smart glasses allows the surgeon to visualize three-dimensional virtual objects during surgery, superimposed in real time to the anatomy of the patient. This makes it possible to preserve the vision of the surgical field and to dispose of added computerized information without the need to use a physical surgical guide or a deported screen. TECHNIQUE: The three-dimensional objects that we used and visualized in augmented reality came from the reconstructions made from the CT-scans of the patients...
March 7, 2017: Annales de Chirurgie Plastique et Esthétique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28279049/-displacement-and-tissue-remodeling-of-temporomandibular-joint-disc
#10
M Q Wang
Sounding takes the highest prevalence of the signs of temporomandibular disorders (TMD). The well accepted theory of the mechanism for temporomandibular joint (TMJ) sounding is the internal derangement typically characterized by disc displacement. However, according to literature, there are approximately one third of asymptomatic joints in population had disc displacement, and, on the other hand, there are one fourth of TMJ sounding patients had not signs or very limited signs of disc displacement. Replacing the displaced disc to the normal position via methods like surgical operation did not achieve satisfactory long-term outcomes...
March 9, 2017: Zhonghua Kou Qiang Yi Xue za Zhi, Zhonghua Kouqiang Yixue Zazhi, Chinese Journal of Stomatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28273656/animal-models-for-associating-liver-partition-and-portal-vein-ligation-for-staged-hepatectomy-alpps-achievements-and-future-perspectives
#11
Andras Budai, Andras Fulop, Oszkar Hahn, Peter Onody, Tibor Kovacs, Tibor Nemeth, Miklos Dunay, Attila Szijarto
BACKGROUND: Since 2012, Associated Liver Partition and Portal vein ligation for Staged hepatectomy (ALPPS) has been standing in the limelight of modern liver surgery and numerous questions have been raised regarding this novel approach. On the one hand, ALPPS has proved to be a valuable method in the treatment of hepatic tumors, while on the other hand, there are many controversies, such as high mortality and morbidity rates. Further surgical research is essential for a better understanding of underlying mechanisms and for enhancing patient safety...
March 9, 2017: European Surgical Research. Europäische Chirurgische Forschung. Recherches Chirurgicales Européennes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28259279/volar-anatomy-of-the-proximal-phalanx-implications-for-screw-length-selection-for-fixation-of-shaft-fractures
#12
P Barrett Honeycutt, Edward W Jernigan, Wayne A Rummings, Peter J Stern, Reid W Draeger
PURPOSE: To investigate the anatomy of the volar surface of the proximal phalanx of the hand, specifically the longitudinal groove running along the volar phalangeal shaft. METHODS: We measured skeletonized proximal phalanges from 10 embalmed human cadaver hands at 5 equidistant points along the shaft. The difference between the maximum dorsal-palmar thickness of the shaft and thickness measured from the center of the volar groove to the most dorsal aspect of the phalanx indicated the depth of the groove at each point...
March 2017: Journal of Hand Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28247975/integrating-ultrasound-into-modern-medical-curricula
#13
REVIEW
Shilpan G Patel, Brion Benninger, S Ali Mirjalili
INTRODUCTION: Ultrasonography is widely practiced in many disciplines. It is becoming increasingly important to design well-structured curricula to introduce imaging to students during medical school. This review aims to analyze the literature for evidence of how ultrasonography has been incorporated into anatomy education in medical school curricula worldwide. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A literature search was conducted using multiple databases with the keywords: "Ultrasound OR Ultrasonographic examination*" AND "Medical student* OR Undergraduate teaching* OR Medical education*" AND "Anatomy* OR Living anatomy* OR Real-time anatomy*"...
March 1, 2017: Clinical Anatomy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28242317/studying-brain-microstructure-with-magnetic-susceptibility-contrast-at-high-field
#14
Jeff H Duyn
A rapidly developing application of high field MRI is the study of brain anatomy and function with contrast based on the magnetic susceptibility of tissues. To study the subtle variations in susceptibility contrast between tissues and with changes in brain activity, dedicated scan techniques such as susceptibility-weighted MRI and blood-oxygen level dependent functional MRI have been developed. Particularly strong susceptibility contrast has been observed with systems that operate at 7T and above, and their recent widespread use has led to an improved understanding of contributing sources and mechanisms...
February 24, 2017: NeuroImage
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28230569/procedure-oriented-torsional-anatomy-of-the-hand-for-spasticity-injection
#15
Joslyn John, John Cianca, Faye Chiou-Tan, Sindhu Pandit, Erin Furr-Stimming, Katherine H Taber
OBJECTIVES: To provide musculoskeletal ultrasound (MSKUS) images of hand anatomy in the position of hemiparetic flexion as a reference for spasticity injections. After a stroke, spasticity can result in anatomic distortion of the hand. Spasticity may require treatment with botulinum toxin or phenol injections. Anatomic distortion may decrease the accuracy of injections. Standard anatomic references are of limited utility because they are not in this spastic hemiparetic position. There presently is no anatomic reference in the literature for these spastic postures...
March 2017: Journal of Computer Assisted Tomography
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28228582/multi-digit-force-control-during-unconstrained-grasping-in-response-to-object-perturbations
#16
Abdeldjallil Naceri, Alessandro Moscatelli, Robert Haschke, Helge Ritter, Marco Santello, Marc O Ernst
Because of the complex anatomy of the human hand, in the absence of external constraints a large number of postures and force combinations can be used to attain a stable grasp. Motor synergies provide a viable strategy to solve this problem of motor redundancy. In this study, we exploited the technical advantages of an innovative sensorized object to study unconstrained hand grasping within the theoretical framework of motor synergies. Participants were required to grasp, lift, and hold the sensorized object...
February 22, 2017: Journal of Neurophysiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28224763/the-anatomy-of-helping-hands-why-medical-educators-volunteer
#17
Michael Malley, Marie Monaghan, Joanna K Dykes, Tania Bhaduri, Alison Dykes, Radhika Patel
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 22, 2017: Clinical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28218565/-total-laparoscopic-hysterectomy-with-the-coagulation-of-the-uterine-arteries-at-their-origin
#18
Rudolf Lampé, Csaba Móré, Ilona Fazekas, Róbert Póka
INTRODUCTION: Hysterectomy is one of the most frequently performed gynecological operations worldwide. Due to patient perceived advantages of technical development laparoscopic hysterectomy has become a widely used method. The attitude of patients, surgeons and service providers to laparoscopic procedures is not uniform, but total laparoscopic hysterectomy has prevailed due to its advantages from other types of laparoscopic hysterectomies. Coagulation of the uterine arteries at their origin during the standardized method of total laparoscopic hysterectomy provides further benefits for this procedure...
February 2017: Orvosi Hetilap
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28216461/pelvic-retroperitoneal-dissection-a-hands-on-primer
#19
REVIEW
Robert M Rogers, Resad Pasic Paya Pasic
This article is a personal perspective of female surgical pelvic anatomy and recommended surgical dissection techniques.
February 16, 2017: Journal of Minimally Invasive Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28214463/bridging-the-gap-in-peripheral-nerve-repair
#20
REVIEW
Donato Perretta, Steven Green
Peripheral nerve injuries following trauma present an ongoing challenge to the hand surgeon. This review presents an overview of the topic with a historical perspective. Nerve anatomy and nerve injury classifications are discussed followed by a description of the biology of nerve regeneration. Methods used to bridge gaps in peripheral nerve repair are discussed in detail with a critical appraisal of the most recent literature. Recommendations for surgical treatment are formulated based on evidence-based medicine...
January 2017: Bulletin of the Hospital for Joint Diseases
keyword
keyword
28744
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"