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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29668371/comparison-of-metal-and-plastic-stents-for-preoperative-biliary-drainage-in-resectable-and-borderline-resectable-periampullary-cancer-a-meta-analysis-and-system-review
#1
Pan Liu, Huapeng Lin, Yuanyuan Chen, Yu-Shen Wu, Maocai Tang, Changan Liu
AIM: The aim of this study was to compare the plastic stents with metal stents for preoperative biliary drainage (PBD) in terms of the rate of endoscopic reintervention and PBD-related pre- and postoperative complications in patients with resectable and borderline resectable periampullary cancer. METHODS: We conducted a comprehensive search of the PubMed, EMBASE, and the Cochrane Library database to identify relevant available articles from their inception to September 2017...
April 18, 2018: Journal of Laparoendoscopic & Advanced Surgical Techniques. Part A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29664654/annual-trends-of-gastrointestinal-cancers-mortality-in-iran-during-1990-2015-nasbod-study
#2
Hamideh Salimzadeh, Farnaz Delavari, Catherine Sauvaget, Negar Rezaee, Alireza Delavari, Farzad Kompani, Nazila Rezaei, Ali Sheidaei, Mitra Modirian, Rosa Haghshenas, Maryam Chegini, Kimiya Gohari, Hossein Zokaiee, Farshad Farzadfar, Reza Malekzadeh
BACKGROUND: Gastrointestinal (GI) neoplasms are among the most common cancers in Iran. This study aimed to measure annual trends in mortality rates from GI cancers in Iran between 1990 and 2015. METHODS: This study was part of an ongoing study termed the 'National and Subnational Burden of Diseases' study in Iran. Data used in this study was obtained from the Iranian Death Registration System (1995 to 2010) and from 2 major cemeteries in Tehran (1995 to 2010) and Isfahan (2007 to 2010)...
February 1, 2018: Archives of Iranian Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29662598/-clinical-epidemiological-and-therapeutic-features-of-biliary-tract-cancers-about-20-cases
#3
Ibrahima Ka, Magatte Faye, Papa Saloum Diop, Amadou Bocar Niang Aliou Coly Faye, Jean Marc Ndoye, Babacar Fall
Biliary tract cancers mainly occur in two sites: gallbladder cancer which are adenocarcinomas and intra- and extrahepatic cholangiocarcinomas. We conducted a retrospective study of 20 cases with biliary tract cancer in the Department of Surgery at the General Hospital in Grand-Yoff between January 2006 and October 2014. 40% of patients had gallbladder cancer, 60% of patients had common bile duct cancer. Sex ratio was 1. The average age of patients was 58.1 years. The average time to diagnosis was 3.77 months...
2018: Pan African Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29662231/processed-meat-and-risk-of-selected-digestive-tract-and-laryngeal-cancers
#4
Valentina Rosato, Daisuke Kawakita, Eva Negri, Diego Serraino, Werner Garavello, Maurizio Montella, Adriano Decarli, Carlo La Vecchia, Monica Ferraroni
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: To assess the association between processed meat and the risk of selected digestive tract and laryngeal cancers. SUBJECTS/METHODS: We conducted a series of case-control studies between 1985 and 2007 in Italy. The studies included a total of 1475 cases of cancer of the oral cavity and pharynx, 1077 of the larynx, 716 of the esophagus, 999 of the stomach, 684 of the liver, 159 of the biliary tract, 688 of the pancreas, and a total of 9720 controls...
April 16, 2018: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29653409/relationship-between-blood-parameters-and-clonorchis-sinensis-infection-a-retrospective-single-center-study
#5
Huaping Chen, Siyuan Chen, Zhili Huang, Lingxi Kong, Zuojian Hu, Shanzi Qin, Xue Qin, Shan Li
Our study aims to retrospectively investigate neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio (NLR), platelet-to-lymphocyte ratio (PLR) and eosinophil-to-lymphocyte ratio (ELR) in patients infected with Clonorchis sinensis. This study analyzes a total of 151 patients with C. sinensis infections and 53 healthy control patients from our hospital. We found close relationships between the three candidate markers and the stages of C. sinensis infection-related biliary obstruction. The NLRs, PLRs and ELRs of patients with C. sinensis infections were significantly higher than those of healthy individuals; of those, ELRs showed the most superior diagnostic accuracy (sensitivity = 62...
April 10, 2018: International Immunopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29652035/preoperative-biliary-drainage-in-pancreatic-head-cancer-patients
#6
EDITORIAL
Emad S Aljahdli
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 13, 2018: Saudi Journal of Gastroenterology: Official Journal of the Saudi Gastroenterology Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29652026/preoperative-biliary-drainage-using-a-fully-covered-self-expandable-metallic-stent-for-pancreatic-head-cancer-a-prospective-feasibility-study
#7
Osamu Togawa, Hiroyuki Isayama, Hiroshi Kawakami, Yousuke Nakai, Dai Mohri, Tsuyoshi Hamada, Hirofumi Kogure, Kazumichi Kawakubo, Naoya Sakamoto, Kazuhiko Koike, Hiroto Kita
Background/Aims: The role of endoscopic preoperative biliary drainage (PBD) for pancreatic head cancer is controversial because of the high incidence of stent occlusion before surgery. This study was performed to evaluate the feasibility and safety of PBD using a fully covered self-expandable metallic stent (FCSEMS). Patients and Methods: This multicenter prospective study involved 26 patients treated for pancreatic head cancer with distal bile duct obstruction from April 2011 to March 2013...
April 13, 2018: Saudi Journal of Gastroenterology: Official Journal of the Saudi Gastroenterology Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29650921/-a-case-of-laparoscopic-whole-layer-cholecystectomy-for-elevated-lesion-suspected-biliary-cancer
#8
Yosuke Ishihara, Kei Naito, Koji Miyagawa, Satoshi Kataoka, Nobuaki Fuji
A case of attempted laparoscopic cholecystectomy for elevated lesion which was clearly early biliary cancer. Laparoscopic cholecystectomy has become popular as a minimally invasive surgical method, and is the primary choice for benign diseases. However for cases of suspected biliary cancer, open cholecystectomy, rather than laparoscopic, is recommended according to medical guidelines. The reason for this is that in cases of damage to the gallbladder, bile spillage to the abdominal cavity may occur, leading to port site recurrence and peritoneal recurrence...
March 2018: Gan to Kagaku Ryoho. Cancer & Chemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29628495/pancreaticoduodenectomy-with-preservation-of-collateral-circulation-or-revascularization-for-biliary-pancreatic-cancer-with-celiac-axis-occlusion-a-report-of-2-cases
#9
Kazuaki Shibuya, Hirofumi Kamachi, Tatsuya Orimo, Akihisa Nagatsu, Shingo Shimada, Kenji Wakayama, Hideki Yokoo, Toshiya Kamiyama, Akinobu Taketomi
BACKGROUND In cases of celiac axis occlusion requiring pancreaticoduodenectomy for malignancy, both oncologic curability and control of hepatic arterial flow must be considered, but the operative strategy is undeveloped. CASE REPORT Case 1: A 74-year-old man was diagnosed with hilar cholangiocarcinoma with celiac axis stenosis. The collateral from the superior mesenteric artery ran through the pancreas head but no invasion was observed in preoperative imaging. Hepatopancreatoduodenectomy with preservation of a collateral was performed...
April 9, 2018: American Journal of Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29628017/snail-borne-parasitic-diseases-an-update-on-global-epidemiological-distribution-transmission-interruption-and-control-methods
#10
REVIEW
Xiao-Ting Lu, Qiu-Yun Gu, Yanin Limpanont, Lan-Gui Song, Zhong-Dao Wu, Kamolnetr Okanurak, Zhi-Yue Lv
BACKGROUND: Snail-borne parasitic diseases, such as angiostrongyliasis, clonorchiasis, fascioliasis, fasciolopsiasis, opisthorchiasis, paragonimiasis and schistosomiasis, pose risks to human health and cause major socioeconomic problems in many tropical and sub-tropical countries. In this review we summarize the core roles of snails in the life cycles of the parasites they host, their clinical manifestations and disease distributions, as well as snail control methods. MAIN BODY: Snails have four roles in the life cycles of the parasites they host: as an intermediate host infected by the first-stage larvae, as the only intermediate host infected by miracidia, as the first intermediate host that ingests the parasite eggs are ingested, and as the first intermediate host penetrated by miracidia with or without the second intermediate host being an aquatic animal...
April 9, 2018: Infectious Diseases of Poverty
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29624208/gemcitabine-based-chemotherapy-for-advanced-biliary-tract-carcinomas
#11
REVIEW
Omar Abdel-Rahman, Zeinab Elsayed, Hesham Elhalawani
BACKGROUND: Biliary tract cancers are a group of rare heterogeneous malignant tumours. They include intrahepatic and extrahepatic cholangiocarcinomas, gallbladder carcinomas, and ampullary carcinomas. Surgery remains the optimal modality of therapy leading to long-term survival for people diagnosed with resectable biliary tract carcinomas. Unfortunately, most people with biliary tract carcinomas are diagnosed with either unresectable locally-advanced or metastatic disease, and they are only suitable for palliative chemotherapy or supportive care...
April 6, 2018: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29622700/hybrid-capture-based-tumor-sequencing-and-copy-number-analysis-to-confirm-origin-of-metachronous-metastases-in-brca1-mutant-cholangiocarcinoma-harboring-a-novel-ywhaz-braf-fusion
#12
Huat C Lim, Meagan Montesion, Thomas Botton, Eric A Collisson, Sarah E Umetsu, Spencer C Behr, John D Gordan, Phil J Stephens, Robin K Kelley
Biliary tract cancers such as cholangiocarcinoma represent a heterogeneous group of cancers that can be difficult to diagnose. Recent comprehensive genomic analyses in large cholangiocarcinoma cohorts have defined important molecular subgroups within cholangiocarcinoma that may relate to anatomic location and etiology [1-4] and may predict responsiveness to targeted therapies in development [5-7]. These emerging data highlight the potential for tumor genomics to inform diagnosis and treatment options in this challenging tumor type...
April 5, 2018: Oncologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29622390/-therapeutic-advances-in-the-management-of-biliary-tract-carcinoma
#13
Sophie-Clémentine Ribiere, Chloé Léandri, Marie-Anne Guillaumot, Catherine Brezault, Romain Coriat
Cancers of the bile ducts or cholangiocarcinomas are a rare entity whose incidence is increasing in France. Surgical resection of cholangiocarcinoma remains the only curative therapy. Adjuvant therapy with capecitabine at a fixed dose of 1250mg/m2 twice daily from day 1 to day 14 (21-day cycle) for a 6 months period is now the standard of care after curative surgery. At a metastatic stage, the reference treatment consists of the combination of a platinum salt in addition to gemcitabine. No biomarker has been identified to predict the response to chemotherapy...
April 2, 2018: La Presse Médicale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29620225/role-of-cantharidin-in-the-activation-of-ikk%C3%AE-i%C3%AE%C2%BAb%C3%AE-nf%C3%A2-%C3%AE%C2%BAb-pathway-by-inhibiting-pp2a-activity-in-cholangiocarcinoma-cell-lines
#14
Huijiang Zhou, Jiangfeng Xu, Shuai Wang, Jinfeng Peng
Cantharidin (CAN), a potent inhibitor of serine/threonine‑protein phosphatase 2A (PP2A), is widely used in clinical practice, particularly in the treatment of advanced cancer due to its specific action on these types of cancer. In the present study, the inhibitory effect of CAN was examined in two cholangiocarcinoma cell lines (QBC939 and Hucc‑t1). Following treatment with CAN, cell viability was effectively reduced in QBC939 and Hucc‑t1 cells and normal human intrahepatic biliary epithelial cells. However, a slight increase in reactive oxygen species levels in QBC939 cells treated with CAN was observed post‑treatment...
April 5, 2018: Molecular Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29610171/autoimmune-pancreatitis-and-ulcerative-rectocolitis-in-an-adolescent
#15
Elie Cousin, Ianis Cousin, Karim Aziz, Pascal Chailloux, Estelle Breton
Autoimmune pancreatitis (AIP) is rare in teenagers and difficult to diagnose. There are no clear and established diagnostic criteria in the pediatric population to distinguish subtype 1 and subtype 2. Here, we report the case of a 16-year-old white French teenager admitted to the pediatric emergency service with more than 1 year's history of pain originating from the epigastric and the right hypochondriac regions, with bloody diarrhea. After exclusion of pancreatic cancer and other common causes of acute pancreatitis, the diagnosis of AIP was suspected...
April 2018: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29608578/body-mass-index-and-weight-change-during-initial-period-of-chemotherapy-affect-survival-outcome-in-advanced-biliary-tract-cancer-patients
#16
Jinwoo Kang, Sang Hyub Lee, Jun Hyuk Son, Jae Woo Lee, Young Hoon Choi, Jin Ho Choi, Woo Hyun Paik, Ji Kon Ryu, Yong-Tae Kim
BACKGROUND: The impact of obesity on survival is known to vary in different cancers. Advanced biliary tract cancer was rarely analyzed about the relationship between obesity and prognosis. We performed this study to evaluate the BMI and body weight change as prognostic factors for advanced biliary tract cancer patients with palliative chemotherapy. METHODS: Between January 2005 and December 2016, two hundred and seventy-six patients who underwent chemotherapy for biliary tract cancer were retrospectively analyzed...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29605722/efficacy-of-eus-and-ercp-guided-biliary-drainage-for-malignant-biliary-obstruction-prospective-randomized-controlled-study
#17
Joo Kyung Park, Young Sik Woo, Donghyo Noh, Ju-Il Yang, So Young Bae, Hwan Sic Yun, Jong Kyun Lee, Kyu Taek Lee, Kwang Hyuck Lee
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: ERCP-guided biliary drainage (ERCP-BD is a criterion standard treatment for malignant biliary obstruction when curative surgery is not an option. Alternative methods such as PTBD would significantly lower the quality of life. EUS-guided biliary drainage (EUS-BD) has been developed and performed by experienced endoscopists. Therefore, the aims of this study were to evaluate the efficacy and safety of EUS-BD compared with ERCP in malignant biliary obstruction. METHODS: The prospective randomized controlled study was conducted and 30 patients were enrolled; 15 for each EUS-BD and ERCP-BD arm...
March 29, 2018: Gastrointestinal Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29594362/single-institution-experience-with-gemcitabine-cisplatin-combination-therapy-as-a-second-line-treatment-for-patients-with-unresectable-biliary-tract-cancer-after-failure-of-gemcitabine-s-1-combination-therapy-a-prospective-feasibility-study
#18
Ryusei Matsuyama, Daisuke Morioka, Ryutaro Mori, Seigo Hiratani, Yasuhiro Yabushita, Yohei Ota, Takafumi Kumamoto, Koichi Taniguchi, Itaru Endo
BACKGROUND: NCCN and Japanese clinical guidelines for the treatment of biliary tract cancer (BTC) addressed gemcitabine-cisplatin combination (GC) as first-line chemotherapy for patients with advanced BTC ineligible for surgery in 2013. However, gemcitabine-S1 combination therapy (GS) has been widely used as first-line treatment in Japan because Japanese social insurance coverage of S-1 for BTC was approved prior to that of cisplatin. AIM: To elucidate the efficacy and tolerability of GC as second-line chemotherapy for patients with unresectable BTC after failure of GS...
March 28, 2018: Cancer Chemotherapy and Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29587959/cup-syndrome-metastatic-malignancy-with-unknown-primary-tumor
#19
Gregor Zaun, Martin Schuler, Ken Herrmann, Andrea Tannapfel
BACKGROUND: 2-4% of newly diagnosed cases of malignant disease involve cancer of unknown primary (CUP). This mixed entity is one of the 6 most common types of malignant disease in Germany. Highly refined treatment strategies can now be offered to patients with CUP. METHODS: This review is based on pertinent publications retrieved by a selective search in PubMed with an emphasis on articles from the past decade. The current guidelines and recommendations of specialty societies were also considered in the evaluation...
March 9, 2018: Deutsches Ärzteblatt International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29584696/%C3%AE-4-and-%C3%AE-6-integrin-expression-is-associated-with-the-subclassification-and-clinicopathological-features-of-intrahepatic-cholangiocarcinoma
#20
Yurie Soejima, Miho Takeuchi, Takumi Akashi, Motoji Sawabe, Toshio Fukusato
Intrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma (ICC) is a heterogeneous group of cancers of the intrahepatic biliary tract. However, few studies have evaluated integrin expression according to an ICC subgroup. We immunohistochemically investigated α6β4 (β4) and αvβ6 (β6) integrin expressions in 48 ICCs, and evaluated their relationship with clinical and pathological parameters and ligand expression, as well as transforming growth factor (TGF)-β1. β4 and β6 expressions were detected in 46 (96%) and 35 (73%) ICC cases, respectively...
March 27, 2018: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
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