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Biliary cancer

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29452147/combination-of-kras-activation-and-pten-deletion-contributes-to-murine-hepatopancreatic-ductal-malignancy
#1
Yun-Kai Lin, Zheng Fang, Tian-Yi Jiang, Zheng-Hua Wan, Yu-Fei Pan, Yun-Han Ma, Yuan-Yuan Shi, Ye-Xiong Tan, Li-Wei Dong, Yong-Jie Zhang, Hong-Yang Wang
Kras mutations are among the most common genetic abnormalities in human neoplasms, including cholangiocarcinomas, pancreatic cancer and colon cancer. PTEN has previously been associated with cholangiocarcinoma development in murine models. Here, we have established novel mouse models of neoplasms by liver-specific and biliary-pancreatic Kras activation and PTEN deletion. By liver-specific disruption of PTEN and activation of Kras in mice caused rapid development of intrahepatic biliary epithelial proliferative lesions (Intrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma, ICC), which progress through dysplasia to invasive carcinoma...
February 13, 2018: Cancer Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29450669/association-of-tert-clptm1l-and-8q24-common-genetic-variants-with-gallbladder-cancer-susceptibility-and-prognosis-in-north-indian-population
#2
Saurabh Yadav, Abhijit Chandra, Ashok Kumar, Balraj Mittal
Gallbladder carcinoma (GBC) is one of the common malignancy of the biliary tract. Several genome wide and candidate gene studies have reported associations between multiple cancer types and single-nucleotide polymorphisms on 5p15.33 and 8q24.21 loci. However, predisposition potential of these genetic variants has not been assessed in GBC. We performed the present study to assess the potential of five polymorphisms on 5p15.33 and one on 8q24.21 locus in GBC risk and treatment response in patients undergoing chemoradiotherapy...
February 15, 2018: Biochemical Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29448202/the-correlation-between-serum-chemokines-and-clinical-outcome-in-patients-with-advanced-biliary-tract-cancer
#3
Su Jin Lee, Jung Eun Kim, Seung Tae Kim, Jeeyun Lee, Se Hoon Park, Joon Oh Park, Won Ki Kang, Young Suk Park, Ho Yeong Lim
BACKGROUND: Biliary tract cancers (BTCs) are known to have a dismal prognosis. A number of chemokines play important roles in the progress of BTCs. However, the serum levels of chemokines in BTCs have not yet been explored. METHODS: The sera of healthy donors (n = 8) and patients with BTCs who were enrolled in second line sunitinib trials (n = 27) were collected. The concentrations of three kinds of chemokines (CXCL5, CXCL8 and CXCL12) were measured using ELISA assay...
February 12, 2018: Translational Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29429533/the-effect-of-chemotherapy-on-nutritional-status-and-weakness-in-geriatric-gastrointestinal-system-cancer-patients
#4
Derya Hopanci Bicakli, Ahmet Ozveren, Ruchan Uslu, Reci Meseri Dalak, Ruksan Cehreli, Mehmet Uyar, Bulent Karabulut, Fehmi Akcicek
OBJECTIVES: Malnutrition is common in patients with geriatric gastrointestinal system (GIS) cancer. This study aimed to evaluate patients with geriatric GIS cancer in terms of nutritional status and weakness and determine the changes caused by chemotherapy (CT). METHODS: Patients with geriatric GIS cancer who received CT were included in the study. Their nutritional status was assessed with the Mini Nutritional Assessment, and weakness was assessed with the handgrip strength/body mass index ratio...
March 2018: Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29428109/ca19-9-level-determines-therapeutic-modality-in-pancreatic-cancer-patients-with-para-aortic-lymph-node-metastasis
#5
Tadafumi Asaoka, Atsushi Miyamoto, Sakae Maeda, Naoki Hama, Masanori Tsujie, Masataka Ikeda, Mitsugu Sekimoto, Shoji Nakamori
BACKGROUND: In general, para-aortic lymph node (LN16) metastasis has been considered as a contraindication for pancreatic resection. However, some pancreatic cancer patients with LN16 metastasis have been reported to survive for longer than expected after pancreatectomy. The purpose of this study was to determine whether pancreatic cancer patients with LN16 metastasis might benefit from surgery. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed 201 consecutive patients with invasive pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma who underwent surgery at Osaka National Hospital between April 2003 and December 2012...
February 2018: Hepatobiliary & Pancreatic Diseases International: HBPD INT
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29420467/her-kinase-inhibition-in-patients-with-her2-and-her3-mutant-cancers
#6
David M Hyman, Sarina A Piha-Paul, Helen Won, Jordi Rodon, Cristina Saura, Geoffrey I Shapiro, Dejan Juric, David I Quinn, Victor Moreno, Bernard Doger, Ingrid A Mayer, Valentina Boni, Emiliano Calvo, Sherene Loi, Albert C Lockhart, Joseph P Erinjeri, Maurizio Scaltriti, Gary A Ulaner, Juber Patel, Jiabin Tang, Hannah Beer, S Duygu Selcuklu, Aphrothiti J Hanrahan, Nancy Bouvier, Myra Melcer, Rajmohan Murali, Alison M Schram, Lillian M Smyth, Komal Jhaveri, Bob T Li, Alexander Drilon, James J Harding, Gopa Iyer, Barry S Taylor, Michael F Berger, Richard E Cutler, Feng Xu, Anna Butturini, Lisa D Eli, Grace Mann, Cynthia Farrell, Alshad S Lalani, Richard P Bryce, Carlos L Arteaga, Funda Meric-Bernstam, José Baselga, David B Solit
Somatic mutations of ERBB2 and ERBB3 (which encode HER2 and HER3, respectively) are found in a wide range of cancers. Preclinical modelling suggests that a subset of these mutations lead to constitutive HER2 activation, but most remain biologically uncharacterized. Here we define the biological and therapeutic importance of known oncogenic HER2 and HER3 mutations and variants of unknown biological importance by conducting a multi-histology, genomically selected, 'basket' trial using the pan-HER kinase inhibitor neratinib (SUMMIT; clinicaltrials...
February 8, 2018: Nature
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29416916/genotyping-and-mrna-profiling-reveal-actionable-molecular-targets-in-biliary-tract-cancers
#7
Kyriaki Papadopoulou, Samuel Murray, Kyriaki Manousou, Ioannis Tikas, Christos Dervenis, Joseph Sgouros, Dimitra Rontogianni, Sotirios Lakis, Mattheos Bobos, Christos Poulios, Stavroula Pervana, Georgios Lazaridis, George Fountzilas, Vassiliki Kotoula
Biliary tract cancer (BTC) represents a heterogeneous disease with dismal outcome. Herein, we examined genotype and angiogenesis features in BTC. We applied genotyping (Sanger, qPCR, 101-gene panel NGS), mRNA relative quantification methods, and β-catenin immunohistochemistry in 84 FFPE BTC (55 gallbladder [GBC], 14 intrahepatic [ICC], 15 extrahepatic [ECC] carcinomas). We identified 541 mutations in 68 (81%) tumors. Top mutated genes were CTNNB1 (36%); PTEN (33%); TP53 (31%); PIK3R1 (29%); PIK3CA (13%); BRCA2 and KRAS (12%); BRCA1 (11%)...
2018: American Journal of Cancer Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29416321/perioperative-outcome-of-elderly-versus-younger-patients-undergoing-major-hepatic-or-pancreatic-surgery
#8
Qiang Lu, Jian-Wen Lu, Zheng Wu, Xue-Min Liu, Jian-Hui Li, Jian Dong, Guo-Zhi Yin, Yi Lv, Xu-Feng Zhang
Objective: The aim of this study was to determine the safety of elderly cancer patients (≥70 years) undergoing hepatic resection (HR) or pancreaticoduodenectomy (PD) in comparison with younger adults (<70 years). Methods: A total of 1,012 consecutive patients undergoing HR or PD were included. The incidence and severity of morbidity were documented within 30 days postoperatively and compared between elderly and younger groups. Risk factors associated with postoperative morbidity were investigated by multivariate logistic regression analysis...
2018: Clinical Interventions in Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29416013/mir-143-3p-targeting-of-itga6-suppresses-tumour-growth-and-angiogenesis-by-downregulating-plgf-expression-via-the-pi3k-akt-pathway-in-gallbladder-carcinoma
#9
Yun-Peng Jin, Yun-Ping Hu, Xiang-Song Wu, Yao-Shi Wu, Yuan-Yuan Ye, Huai-Feng Li, Yong-Chen Liu, Lin Jiang, Fa-Tao Liu, Yi-Jian Zhang, Ya-Juan Hao, Xi-Yong Liu, Ying-Bin Liu
Gallbladder cancer (GBC) is the most common malignant tumour of the biliary track system. Angiogenesis plays a pivotal role in the development and progression of malignant tumours. miR-143-3p acts as a tumour suppressor in various cancers. Their role in GBC is however less well defined. Here we show that the expression levels of miR-143-3p were decreased in human GBC tissues compared with the non-tumour adjacent tissue (NAT) counterparts and were closely associated with overall survival. We discovered that miR-143-3p was a novel inhibitor of tumour growth and angiogenesis in vivo and in vitro...
February 7, 2018: Cell Death & Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29413947/styk1-promotes-cancer-cell-proliferation-and-malignant-transformation-by-activating-pi3k-akt-pathway-in-gallbladder-carcinoma
#10
Yun-Ping Hu, Zeng-Bin Wu, Lin Jiang, Yun-Peng Jin, Huai-Feng Li, Yi-Jian Zhang, Qiang Ma, Yuan-Yuan Ye, Zheng Wang, Yong-Chen Liu, Hong-Zhuan Chen, Ying-Bin Liu
Gallbladder carcinoma (GBC) is the most common malignancy of the biliary tract with extremely poor prognosis. The malignant transformation of GBC is associated with cell proliferation, invasion, and epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT). However, the molecular mechanisms underlying GBC progression are poorly understood. We found that serine threonine tyrosine kinase 1 (STYK1) was elevated in GBC and was negatively correlated with clinical outcomes and prognosis. Overexpression of STYK1 in GBC cell lines gave rise to increased cell proliferation, colony formation, migration and invasion, thus committing cells to undergoing EMT...
January 31, 2018: International Journal of Biochemistry & Cell Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29413685/picca-study-panitumumab-in-combination-with-cisplatin-gemcitabine-chemotherapy-in-kras-wild-type-patients-with-biliary-cancer-a-randomised-biomarker-driven-clinical-phase-ii-aio-study
#11
Arndt Vogel, Stefan Kasper, Michael Bitzer, Andreas Block, Marianne Sinn, Henning Schulze-Bergkamen, Markus Moehler, Nicole Pfarr, Volker Endris, Benjamin Goeppert, Kirsten Merx, Elisabeth Schnoy, Jens T Siveke, Patrick Michl, Dirk Waldschmidt, Jan Kuhlmann, Michael Geissler, Christoph Kahl, Ralf Evenkamp, Torben Schmidt, Alexander Kuhlmann, Wilko Weichert, Stefan Kubicka
BACKGROUND: Combination chemotherapy has shown benefit in the treatment of biliary cancer and further improvements might be achieved by the addition of a biological agent. We report here the effect of chemotherapy with the monoclonal EGFR antibody panitumumab as therapy for KRAS wild-type biliary cancer. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Patients with advanced biliary tract cancer were randomised (2:1) to receive cisplatin 25 mg/m2 and gemcitabine 1000 mg/m2 on day 1 and day 8/q3w with (arm A) or without panitumumab (arm B; 9 mg/kg BW, i...
January 31, 2018: European Journal of Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29409305/prospective-comparison-of-intraductal-ultrasonography-guided-transpapillary-biopsy-and-conventional-biopsy-on-fluoroscopy-in-suspected-malignant-biliary-strictures
#12
Hyun Su Kim, Jong Ho Moon, Yun Nah Lee, Hyun Jong Choi, Hyun Woo Lee, Hee Kyung Kim, Tae Hoon Lee, Moon Han Choi, Sang-Woo Cha, Young Deok Cho, Sang-Heum Park
Background/Aims: In suspected malignant biliary strictures (MBSs), the diagnostic yield of endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP)-based tissue sampling is limited. Transpapillary forceps biopsy (TPB) under intraductal ultrasonography (IDUS) guidance is expected to improve the diagnostic accuracy in patients with indeterminate biliary strictures. We evaluated the usefulness of IDUS-guided TPB in patients with suspected MBS. Methods: Consecutive patients with suspected MBS were prospectively enrolled in the study...
February 8, 2018: Gut and Liver
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29404753/defining-early-recurrence-of-hilar-cholangiocarcinoma-after-curative-intent-surgery-a-multi-institutional-study-from-the-us-extrahepatic-biliary-malignancy-consortium
#13
Xu-Feng Zhang, Eliza W Beal, Jeffery Chakedis, Qinyu Chen, Yi Lv, Cecilia G Ethun, Ahmed Salem, Sharon M Weber, Thuy Tran, George Poultsides, Andre Y Son, Ioannis Hatzaras, Linda Jin, Ryan C Fields, Stefan Buettner, Charles Scoggins, Robert C G Martin, Chelsea A Isom, Kamron Idrees, Harveshp D Mogal, Perry Shen, Shishir K Maithel, Carl R Schmidt, Timothy M Pawlik
BACKGROUND: Time to tumor recurrence may be associated with outcomes following resection of hepatobiliary cancers. The objective of the current study was to investigate risk factors and prognosis among patients with early versus late recurrence of hilar cholangiocarcinoma (HCCA) after curative-intent resection. METHODS: A total of 225 patients who underwent curative-intent resection for HCCA were identified from 10 academic centers in the USA. Data on clinicopathologic characteristics, pre-, intra-, and postoperative details and overall survival (OS) were analyzed...
February 5, 2018: World Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29402439/drug-development-and-clinical-trial-design-in-pancreatico-biliary-malignancies
#14
REVIEW
Jennifer Harrington, Louise Carter, Bristi Basu, Natalie Cook
Pancreatico-biliary (P-B) tumors arise from the pancreas, bile duct, and ampulla of Vater. Despite their close anatomical location, they have different etiology and biology. However, they uniformly share a poor prognosis, with no major improvements observed in overall survival over decades, even in the face of progress in diagnostic imaging and surgical techniques, and advances in systemic and loco-regional radiation therapies. To date, cytotoxic treatment has been associated with modest benefits in the advanced disease setting, and survival for patients with stage IV disease has not exceeded a year...
January 8, 2018: Current Problems in Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29394807/-a-case-of-successful-adjuvant-surgery-for-the-pancreas-head-cancer-with-peritoneal-metastasis
#15
Yukie Kyakumoto, Tatsuyuki Takadate, Masamichi Mizuma, Tatsuo Hata, Masahiro Iseki, Hideo Ohtsuka, Naoaki Sakata, Kei Nakagawa, Takanori Morikawa, Hiroki Hayashi, Fuyuhiko Motoi, Takeshi Naitoh, Atsushi Kanno, Tooru Shimosegawa, Michiaki Unno
We report a case of the pancreas head cancer with peritoneal metastasis, which was resected curatively after chemotherapy. A6 6-year-old male was referred to our hospital for the treatment of biliary stenosis. The serum CA19-9 level was elevated and abdominal CT scan showed stenosis of distal bile duct. By laparotomy, we noticed mass in the head of the pancreas with 8mm of the seeding nodule in a diameter at jejunal mesentery which was diagnosed as adenocarcinoma by intraoperative frozen sections. Therefore, the patient was diagnosed as pancreas head cancer with peritoneal metastasis...
November 2017: Gan to Kagaku Ryoho. Cancer & Chemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29394764/-the-treatment-outcomes-of-folfirinox-for-unresectable-and-recurrent-pancreatic-cancer
#16
Takuya Sakamoto, Yutaka Takeda, Yoshiaki Ohmura, Yoshiteru Katsura, Ryota Mori, Yohei Nose, Kenji Kawai, Kohei Murakami, Atsushi Naito, Junichi Inatome, Yoshinori Kagawa, Toru Masuzawa, Atsushi Takeno, Chiyomi Egawa, Kohei Murata
FOLFIRINOX is now considered to be a highly effective regimen for patients with metastatic pancreatic cancer. We administered FOLFIRINOX therapy in 18 patients between October 2014 and April 2017 as follows: 2-hour infusion of L-OHP at a dose of 85mg/m2, 2-hour infusion of LV at a dose of 200 mg/m2, infusion of CPT-11 for over 90 minutes at a dose of 150 mg/m2, followed by continuous infusion of 5-FU over 46 hours at a dose of 2,400mg/m2. The median age of the patients was 66.5 years. There were 15 patients with performance status(PS)0, and 3 with PS 1...
November 2017: Gan to Kagaku Ryoho. Cancer & Chemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29390936/comparison-of-biliary-brush-biopsy-and-fine-needle-biopsy-in-the-diagnosis-of-biliary-strictures
#17
Adrian Gonzalez-Aguirre, Anne M Covey, Karen T Brown, Lynn A Brody, F Edward Boas, Constantinos T Sofocleous, Majid Maybody, George I Getrajdman, Joseph P Erinjeri
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study is to evaluate the accuracy of percutaneous fine needle biopsy (FNB) and brush biopsy (BB) at a cancer center. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Retrospective analysis of all bile duct biopsies performed in Interventional Radiology between January 2000 and January 2015 was performed. FNB was performed under real-time cholangiographic guidance using a notched needle directed at the bile duct stricture. BB was performed by advancing a brush across the stricture and moving it back and forth to scrape the stricture...
February 1, 2018: Minimally Invasive Therapy & Allied Technologies: MITAT
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29388136/isolation-of-extracellular-rna-from-bile
#18
Irene K Yan, Valentin X Berdah, Tushar Patel
The study of extracellular RNA has been recently reported as a tool for biomarker discovery. Extracellular vesicles can be isolated from different types of body fluids which contain protein, mRNA, and noncoding RNA. Extracellular RNA isolated from bile could be a useful tool for analyzing biliary tract diseases or cancer. Herein, we describe protocols based on modifications of commercially available kits for the collection, processing, and isolation of extracellular RNA from bile.
2018: Methods in Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29387707/biliary-drainage-in-pancreatic-cancer-the-endoscopic-retrograde-cholangiopancreatography-perspective
#19
J Enrique Domínguez-Muñoz, Jose Lariño-Noia, Julio Iglesias-Garcia
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2017: Endoscopic Ultrasound
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29383008/same-msh2-gene-mutation-but-variable-phenotypes-in-2-families-with-lynch-syndrome-two-case-reports-and-review-of-genotype-phenotype-correlation
#20
Raffaella Liccardo, Marina De Rosa, Francesca Duraturo
Lynch syndrome is an autosomal dominant syndrome that can be subdivided into Lynch syndrome I, or site-specific colonic cancer, and Lynch syndrome II, or extracolonic cancers, particularly carcinomas of the stomach, endometrium, biliary and pancreatic systems, and urinary tract. Lynch syndrome is associated with point mutations and large rearrangements in DNA MisMatch Repair (MMR) genes. This syndrome shows a variable phenotypic expression in people who carry pathogenetic mutations. So far, a correlation in genotype-phenotype has not been definitely established...
2018: Clinical Medicine Insights. Case Reports
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