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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28387687/vibro-tactile-and-auditory-balance-biofeedback-changes-muscle-activity-patterns-possible-implications-for-vestibular%C3%A2-implants
#1
John H J Allum, Flurin Honegger
BACKGROUND: The two different types of balance prostheses being developed, implants and vibro-tactile/auditory feedback prostheses, rely on different measures to prove efficacy (those based on vestibular ocular reflexes versus balance control, respectively). Here we provide evidence that examining muscle activity might provide a useful alternative for both. METHODS: The muscle activity of 6 bilateral vestibular loss (BVL) and 7 age-matched healthy controls (HC) was examined while standing eyes closed on a foam support surface...
2017: Journal of Vestibular Research: Equilibrium & Orientation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28345778/comparison-of-the-efficacy-of-perineal-and-intravaginal-biofeedback-assisted-pelvic-floor-muscle-exercises-in-women-with-urodynamic-stress-urinary-incontinence
#2
Aysun Özlü, Necmettin Yıldız, Özer Öztekin
OBJECTIVE: To assess the effectiveness of intravaginal pressure biofeedback (P-BF) and perineal electromyographic biofeedback (EMG-BF) assisted pelvic floor muscle (PFM) exercises in women with stress urinary incontinence (SUI). MATERIAL AND METHODS: Fifty-three women with SUI were randomized into three groups as follows: the Group 1 received PFM home exercise program alone (n:18); the Group 2 received PFM home exercise program plus intravaginal P-BF assisted PFM exercise program (n:17); and the Group 3 received PFM home exercise program plus perineal EMG-BF assisted PFM exercise program (n:18)...
March 27, 2017: Neurourology and Urodynamics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28283812/behavioral-treatments-for-post-traumatic-headache
#3
REVIEW
Felicia Fraser, Yuka Matsuzawa, Yuen Shan Christine Lee, Mia Minen
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Post-traumatic headache (PTH) is a common headache type after traumatic brain injury (TBI). There are no FDA approved medications for PTH, and it is unknown how medications can affect the brain's ability to recover from TBI. Thus, we sought to examine the biopsychosocial factors that influence PTH and the non-pharmacologic treatments studied for headache treatment. We also sought to determine if there is literature examining whether the non-pharmacologic treatments influence the biopsychosocial factors...
May 2017: Current Pain and Headache Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28268272/postural-responses-after-utilization-of-a-computerized-biofeedback-based-intervention-aimed-at-improving-static-and-dynamic-balance-in-traumatic-brain-injury-a-case-study
#4
Rakesh Pilkar, Nibal Arzouni, Arvind Ramanujam, Kathleen Chervin, Karen J Nolan
Balance dysfunction is one of the most disabling aspects of Traumatic Brain Injury (TBI). Without rapid transmission and accurate perception of somatosensory inputs, the automatic postural responses required during standing may be delayed or absent after TBI which can lead to instability. Further, the sensitivity level to which environmental perturbations can be detected is also vital, as the central nervous system will only employ balance control strategies when it perceives a change in equilibrium. Such undetectable perturbations, however small they may be, can result in fatal falls, especially after TBI...
August 2016: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28226429/postural-responses-after-utilization-of-a-computerized-biofeedback-based-intervention-aimed-at-improving-static-and-dynamic-balance-in-traumatic-brain-injury-a-case-study
#5
Rakesh Pilkar, Nibal Arzouni, Arvind Ramanujam, Kathleen Chervin, Karen J Nolan, Rakesh Pilkar, Nibal Arzouni, Arvind Ramanujam, Kathleen Chervin, Karen J Nolan, Arvind Ramanujam, Kathleen Chervin, Nibal Arzouni, Karen J Nolan, Rakesh Pilkar
Balance dysfunction is one of the most disabling aspects of Traumatic Brain Injury (TBI). Without rapid transmission and accurate perception of somatosensory inputs, the automatic postural responses required during standing may be delayed or absent after TBI which can lead to instability. Further, the sensitivity level to which environmental perturbations can be detected is also vital, as the central nervous system will only employ balance control strategies when it perceives a change in equilibrium. Such undetectable perturbations, however small they may be, can result in fatal falls, especially after TBI...
August 2016: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28222541/augmented-effects-of-emg-biofeedback-interfaced-with-virtual-reality-on-neuromuscular-control-and-movement-coordination-during-reaching-in-children-with-cerebral-palsy
#6
Ji Won Yoo, Dong Ryul Lee, Young Joo Cha, Sung Hyun You
BACKGROUND: The purpose of the present study was to compare therapeutic effects of an electromyography (EMG) biofeedback augmented by virtual reality (VR) and EMG biofeedback alone on the triceps and biceps (T:B) muscle activity imbalance and elbow joint movement coordination during a reaching motor taskOBJECTIVE: To compare therapeutic effects of an electromyography (EMG) biofeedback augmented by virtual reality (VR) and EMG biofeedback alone on the triceps and biceps muscle activity imbalance and elbow joint movement coordination during a reaching motor task in normal children and children with spastic cerebral palsy (CP)...
2017: NeuroRehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28160082/periodization-effects-during-short-term-resistance-training-with-equated-exercise-variables-in-females
#7
Thiemo Pelzer, Boris Ullrich, Mark Pfeiffer
PURPOSE: During resistance training, volume and load can be altered either gradually (traditional periodization: TP) or with frequent changes between subsequent sessions (daily undulating periodization: DUP). We hypothesized that the periodization model employed would not impact upon training-induced adaptations when exercise variables are equated. METHODS: Nineteen females (22.0 years, moderate resistance training experience of 27.9 months) performed 6 weeks of knee extensor training with 3 weekly sessions exercising one leg using TP and the contralateral leg using DUP...
March 2017: European Journal of Applied Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28139104/-animated-biofeedback-for-the-dysfunctional-voiding-syndrome
#8
M Fernández Ibieta, M J Guirao Piñera, G Zambudio Carmona, J Rojas Ticona, I Martínez Castaño, V Villamil, A Sánchez Sánchez, A García López, P Reyes Ríos, J I Ruiz Jiménez
OBJECTIVES: To analyze clinical and electromyographic treatment outcome of dysfunctional voiding (DV) with animated Biofeedback (Bfb). Clinical or electromyographic variables associated with higher success rate were checked. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Cross-sectional study of patients with DV, that in 2010- 2015 followed animated Bfb program. Efficacy was measured with Uroflowmetry, Electromyography (EMG) and validated clinical questionnaire. Inclusion criteria: no myelodysplasia, no anatomical malformations and a minumin of 3 Bfb sessions...
April 10, 2016: Cirugía Pediátrica: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Cirugía Pediátrica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28114024/biofeedback-signals-for-robotic-rehabilitation-assessment-of-wrist-muscle-activation-patterns-in-healthy-humans
#9
Marianna Semprini, Anna Vera Cuppone, Ioannis Delis, Velentina Squeri, Stefano Panzeri, Juergen Konczak
Electrophysiological recordings from human muscles can serve as control signals for robotic rehabilitation devices. Given that many diseases affecting the human sensorimotor system are associated with abnormal patterns of muscle activation, such biofeedback can optimize human-robot interaction and ultimately enhance motor recovery. To understand how mechanical constraints and forces imposed by a robot affect muscle synergies, we mapped the muscle activity of 7 major arm muscles in healthy individuals performing goal-directed discrete wrist movements constrained by a wrist robot...
December 6, 2016: IEEE Transactions on Neural Systems and Rehabilitation Engineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28059942/efficacy-of-biofeedback-therapy-in-the-treatment-of-dyssynergic-defecation-in-community-dwelling-elderly-women
#10
Miguel A Simón, Ana M Bueno
AIM OF THE STUDY: The aim of this study was to evaluate the efficacy of biofeedback therapy in the treatment of dyssynergic defecation in chronically constipated community-dwelling elderly women. MATERIALS AND METHODS: After an initial assessment phase carried out during 1 month, 20 chronically constipated women with dyssynergic defecation were randomly assigned to either electromyographic biofeedback (EMG-BF) group (n=10) or control group (n=10). Outcome measures used to evaluate the efficacy of treatment were weekly stool frequency, sensation of incomplete evacuation, difficulty evacuation level, mean EMG-activity (μV) of the external anal sphincter during straining to defecate and Anismus index...
January 5, 2017: Journal of Clinical Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27957273/electromyographic-biofeedback-training-for-reducing-muscle-pain-and-tension-on-masseter-and-temporal-muscles-a-pilot-study
#11
Laura Criado, Antonio de La Fuente, Margarita Heredia, Javier Montero, Alberto Albaladejo, José-María Criado
BACKGROUND: Due to the absence of agreement about an effective unified treatment for temporomandibular disorders, non-invasive therapies such as EMG-biofeedback generate a greater interest. Furthermore, most studies to the present show methodological deficiencies that must be solved in the future, which makes important to emphasize this line of studies. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Fourteen patients were selected for this case series study, and replied to a questionnaire concerning awareness of bruxism, painful muscles, and muscle tension...
December 2016: Journal of Clinical and Experimental Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27869312/the-effect-of-emg-biofeedback-assisted-pelvic-floor-muscle-therapy-on-symptoms-of-the-overactive-bladder-syndrome-in-women-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#12
Jeroen C Voorham, Stefan De Wachter, Tine W L Van den Bos, Hein Putter, Guus A Lycklama À Nijeholt, Petra J Voorham-van der Zalm
AIMS: The overactive bladder syndrome (OAB) is defined as urinary urgency, usually accompanied by frequency and nocturia, with or without urgency urinary incontinence. Biofeedback-assisted pelvic muscle therapy (BAPFMT) is a first-line treatment option for OAB. The aims of this study were to determine the efficacy and effectiveness of BAPFMT on symptoms of OAB after 9 weeks of treatment and to detect changes EMG activity of individual pelvic floor muscles (PFM) with the MAPLe. METHODS: Patients were randomly divided into an intervention group that received BAPFMT with the MAPLe or into a control group which received only toilet behavior and lifestyle instructions...
November 21, 2016: Neurourology and Urodynamics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27597823/the-reality-of-myoelectric-prostheses-understanding-what-makes-these-devices-difficult-for-some-users-to-control
#13
Alix Chadwell, Laurence Kenney, Sibylle Thies, Adam Galpin, John Head
Users of myoelectric prostheses can often find them difficult to control. This can lead to passive-use of the device or total rejection, which can have detrimental effects on the contralateral limb due to overuse. Current clinically available prostheses are "open loop" systems, and although considerable effort has been focused on developing biofeedback to "close the loop," there is evidence from laboratory-based studies that other factors, notably improving predictability of response, may be as, if not more, important...
2016: Frontiers in Neurorobotics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27579801/effect-of-feedback-techniques-for-lower-back-pain-on-gluteus-maximus-and-oblique-abdominal-muscle-activity-and-angle-of-pelvic-rotation-during-the-clam-exercise
#14
Eun-Kyung Koh, Kyue-Nam Park, Do-Young Jung
OBJECTIVES: This study was conducted in order to determine the effect of feedback tools on activities of the gluteus maximus (Gmax) and oblique abdominal muscles and the angle of pelvic rotation during clam exercise (CE). DESIGN: Comparative study using repeated measures. SETTING: University laboratory. PARTICIPANTS: Sixteen subjects with lower back pain. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Each subject performed the CE without feedback, the CE using a pressure biofeedback unit (CE-PBU), and the CE with palpation and visual feedback (CE-PVF)...
November 2016: Physical Therapy in Sport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27557074/-incontinence-etiology-diagnostics-and-therapy
#15
Thomas Frieling
Fecal incontinence is defined by the unintentional loss of solid or liquid stool, and anal incontinence includes leakage of gas and / or fecal incontinence. Anal-fecal incontinence is not a diagnosis but a symptom. Many patients hide the problem from their families, friends, and even their doctors. Epidemiologic studies indicate a prevalence between 7-15 %, up to 30 % in hospitals and up to 70 % in longterm care settings. Anal-fecal incontinence causes a significant socio-economic burden. There is no widely accepted approach for classifying anal-fecal incontinence available...
August 2016: Deutsche Medizinische Wochenschrift
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27539311/dysfunctional-voiding-in-pediatrics-a-review-of-pathophysiology-and-current-treatment-modalities
#16
María Fernández-Ibieta
In Dysfunctional Voiding (DV), the patient contracts the external urethral sphincter or pelvic diaphragm (consisting of striated muscle) during voiding, contrary to normal physiological mechanism. In Flowmetry plus pelvic Electromyography (EMG), the perineal surface electrodes will show a persistent activity during voiding. The cause is believed to be the persistence of an immature bladder control. The overall prevalence of DV is estimated between 7 and 11% of girls of school age. Symptoms of DV comprises a range of symptoms, deriving from outlet obstruction, incomplete voiding and elevated Post Micturition Residual (PMR): from daytime urine leaks, nocturnal enuresis, Urinary Tract Infections (UTI), or Vesicoureteral reflux (VUR), to the final decompensation of upper urinary tract in extreme cases...
August 16, 2016: Current Pediatric Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27504395/an-accelerated-multi-modality-rehabilitation-protocol-combined-with-botulinum-toxin-a-injection-in-adult-idiopathic-toe-walking-case-report
#17
Sibel Kibar, Ferdi Yavuz, Birol Balaban
Diagnosis of Adult Idiopathic Toe Walking (AITW) is very rare in clinical practice. High quality studies regarding AITW and its treatment options have not been conducted previously. A 28-year-old male patient complaining of lower leg pain was referred to outpatient rehabilitation clinic. Physical examination revealed a gait abnormality of insufficient heel strike at initial contact. The aetiology was investigated and the patient's walking parameters were assessed using a computerized gait analysis system. The AITW was diagnosed...
June 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27448848/can-children-with-either-overactive-bladder-or-dysfunctional-voiding-transition-from-one-into-the-other-are%C3%A2-both-part-of-a-single-entity
#18
Kenneth I Glassberg, Jason P Van Batavia, Andrew J Combs
BACKGROUND: In 1998 it was postulated by the ICCS that urge syndrome, later termed overactive bladder (OAB), and dysfunctional voiding (DV) might not be separate entities and instead represent transitional stages between each other, and that DV may be the evolutionary end product of OAB. The aim of this study was to determine not only if OAB sometimes transitions into DV but also if the reverse occurs, and, if so, might they indeed be parts of one entity. MATERIALS AND METHODS: To create an objective study of these two conditions, specific "qualifiers" supporting the diagnosis of each condition were introduced: 1) DV included the qualifier of an active EMG during voiding on two studies; 2) OAB included the qualifiers of a short lag time (<2 s) as a surrogate for detrusor overactivity (DO) and a quiet EMG during voiding...
August 2016: Journal of Pediatric Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27313240/effectiveness-of-rehabilitation-interventions-to-improve-gait-speed-in-children-with-cerebral-palsy-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#19
Noelle G Moreau, Amy Winter Bodkin, Kristie Bjornson, Amy Hobbs, Mallary Soileau, Kay Lahasky
BACKGROUND: Children with cerebral palsy (CP) have decreased gait speeds, which can negatively affect their community participation and quality of life. However, evidence for effective rehabilitation interventions to improve gait speed remains unclear. PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to determine the effectiveness of interventions for improving gait speed in ambulatory children with CP. DATA SOURCES: MEDLINE/PubMed, CINAHL, ERIC, and PEDro were searched from inception through April 2014...
December 2016: Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27307013/efficacy-of-biofeedback-in-chronic-back-pain-a-meta-analysis
#20
Robert Sielski, Winfried Rief, Julia Anna Glombiewski
PURPOSE: The aims of the present analysis were to investigate the short- and long-term efficacy and treatment moderators of biofeedback as a psychological treatment option for chronic back pain. METHOD: A literature search using PubMed, PsycINFO, and the Cochrane Library identified 21 eligible studies including 23 treatment conditions and 1062 patients. RESULTS: Meta-analytic integration resulted in a significant small-to-medium effect size for pain intensity reduction (Hedges' g = 0...
June 15, 2016: International Journal of Behavioral Medicine
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