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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28930809/survival-benefit-of-adjuvant-radiotherapy-an-analysis-of-low-stage-invasive-ovarian-mucinous-carcinomas
#1
Aalok Kumar, Nhu Le, C Blake Gilks, Jennifer L Santos, Frances Wong, Kenneth Swenerton, Paul J Hoskins, Jessica N McAlpine, Anna V Tinker
OBJECTIVE: Our aim was to evaluate the population-based outcomes of stages I and II invasive ovarian mucinous carcinomas (MCs) treated with adjuvant platinum-based chemotherapy and abdominopelvic radiotherapy (XRT). METHODS: International Federation of Gynecology and Obstetrics stage I/II MC cases referred to the British Columbia Cancer Agency between 1984 and 2014 were reviewed. Chemotherapy (minimum of 3 cycles) and XRT were the institutional policy for stages IA/B (grade 2/3) and IC/II (any grade)...
September 19, 2017: International Journal of Gynecological Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28930700/economic-analysis-of-the-link-between-diet-quality-and-health-evidence-from-kosovo
#2
Kushtrim Braha, Andrej Cupák, Ján Pokrivčák, Artan Qineti, Marian Rizov
We analyse the link between diet diversity, (which is a proxy of diet quality) and health outcomes measured by body-mass index (BMI) in a representative sample of Kosovar adults using household expenditure micro-data. Building on a household model of health production we devise a two-stage empirical strategy to estimate the determinants of diet diversity and its effect on BMI. Economic factors and demographic characteristics play an important role in the choice of balanced diets. Results from the BMI analysis support the hypothesis that diet diversity is associated with optimal BMI...
September 8, 2017: Economics and Human Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28930622/awareness-of-and-knowledge-about-stis-among-nonmedical-students-in-iran
#3
Mohammad Karamouzian, Armita Shahesmaeili, Razieh Khajehkazemi, Samira Hosseini Hooshyar, Homeira Fallahi, Ali Akbar Haghdoost, Hamid Sharifi
CONTEXT: Evidence on STI knowledge among Iranian nonmedical university students is limited. Information is needed to inform research and policies to improve the sexual health of university students in Iran. METHODS: A convenience sample of 742 male and female undergraduate and graduate students was recruited from five nonmedical public and private universities in Iran in 2014. Respondents' awareness of and knowledge about STIs were assessed using a validated questionnaire...
July 7, 2017: International Perspectives on Sexual and Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28930303/mitigation-measures-of-electromagnetic-field-exposure-in-the-vicinity-of-high-frequency-welders
#4
Bartłomiej Zubrzak, Pawel Bieńkowski, Pawel Cała
BACKGROUND: Presented information about the welding process and equipment, focusing on the emission of electromagnetic field (EMF) with levels significant in terms of the labor safety regulations in force in Poland - the ordinances of the Minister of Family, Labour and Social Policy that came into force on June 27, 2016 and June 29, 2016 - emerged due to harmonization with EU directive 2013/35/EU of 26 June 2013 of the European Parliament and the Council. They presented methods of determination of the EMF distribution in the welding machine surroundings and analyzed the background knowledge from the available literature...
September 20, 2017: Medycyna Pracy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28930065/trends-in-perceived-access-to-marijuana-among-adolescents-in-the-united-states-2002-2015
#5
Christopher P Salas-Wright, Sehun Oh, Trenette Clark Goings, Michael G Vaughn
OBJECTIVE: There is concern that changes in marijuana-related policy and public opinion may lead to increased access to marijuana among young people in the United States. However, little research has been conducted on changes in youth's perceptions of marijuana access, and studies have yet to systematically examine trends in perceived access across key sociodemographic and externalizing behavioral subgroups. METHOD: Using population-based data collected between 2002 and 2015 as part of the National Survey on Drug Use and Health, we examined trends in perceived marijuana access among non-Hispanic White, African American, and Hispanic adolescents (ages 12-17, n = 221,412)...
September 2017: Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28930064/increasing-alcohol-taxes-analysis-of-case-studies-from-illinois-maryland-and-massachusetts
#6
Rebecca L Ramirez, David H Jernigan
OBJECTIVE: The effectiveness of alcohol taxes in reducing excessive alcohol consumption and related problems is well established in research, yet increases in U.S. state alcohol taxes are uncommon. This study examined how alcohol tax increases occurred recently in three U.S. states, what public health's role was, and what can be learned from those experiences. METHOD: Review of available documentation and news media content analysis provided context and, along with snowball sampling, helped identify proponents, opponents, and neutral parties in each state...
September 2017: Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28929942/comparing-hospital-mission-statement-content-in-a-changing-healthcare-field
#7
Cory E Cronin, Douglas S Bolon
Mission statements are key elements of how an organization communicates its purpose and priorities to its community. This study considers how mission statements from Ohio, Florida, and Texas hospitals approach key concepts in healthcare - access, cost, and quality. It also considers the concept of community benefit, given its recent prevalence in policy changes. The analysis found quality represented within hospital mission statements at a rate of 65%, compared to 21% for access, 21% for cost, and 24% for community benefit...
September 20, 2017: Hospital Topics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28929700/extending-the-children%C3%A2-s-health-insurance-program-high-stakes-for-families-and-states
#8
Sara Rosenbaum, Rachel Gunsalus, Sara Rothenberg, Sara Schmucker
Issue: Congress must decide whether to extend federal funding authority for the Children’s Health Insurance Program (CHIP), which ends September 30, 2017. CHIP operates much like Medicaid, providing federal matching payments for state program expenses, although CHIP’s funding rate is higher than the federal rate paid for traditional Medicaid and was further enhanced under the Affordable Care Act. States can use their CHIP funds to expand Medicaid, operate separate CHIP programs, or combine the two approaches...
September 2017: Issue Brief of the Commonwealth Fund
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28929127/risk-of-fungi-associated-with-aflatoxin-and-fumonisin-in-medicinal-herbal-products-in-the-kenyan-market
#9
Lucia Keter, Richard Too, Nicholas Mwikwabe, Charles Mutai, Jennifer Orwa, Lizzy Mwamburi, Stanley Ndwigah, Christine Bii, Richard Korir
Utilization of herbal products is a major concern due to the possibility of contamination by toxigenic fungi that are mycotoxin producers such as Aspergillus species during processing and packaging. Research was carried out to determine the presence of aflatoxins and fumonisins in herbal medicinal products sold in Eldoret and Mombasa towns in Kenya. The study employed both exploratory and laboratory experimental design. The herbal products were purchased from the market and transported to Kenya Medical Research Institute for processing and analysis...
2017: TheScientificWorldJournal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28927575/inequity-in-healthcare-use-among-older-people-after-2008-the-case-of-southern-european-countries
#10
Lara Patrício Tavares, Francesca Zantomio
Despite the sizeable cuts in public healthcare spending, which were part of the austerity measures recently undertaken in Southern European countries, little attention has been devoted to monitoring its distributional consequences in terms of healthcare use. This study aims at measuring socioeconomic inequities in primary and secondary healthcare use experienced some time after the crisis onset in Italy, Spain and Portugal. The analysis, based on data drawn from the Survey of Health, Ageing and Retirement in Europe (SHARE), focuses on older people, who generally face significantly higher healthcare needs, and whose health appeared to have worsened in the aftermath of the crisis...
September 16, 2017: Health Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28927440/refugees-asylum-seekers-and-undocumented-migrants-and-the-experience-of-parenthood-a-synthesis-of-the-qualitative-literature
#11
REVIEW
Lisa Merry, Sandra Pelaez, Nancy C Edwards
OBJECTIVE: To synthesize the recent qualitative literature and identify the integrative themes describing the parenthood experiences of refugees, asylum-seekers and undocumented migrants. METHODS: We searched seven online databases for the period January 2006 to February 2017. We included English and French published peer-reviewed articles and graduate-level dissertations, which qualitatively examined the parenthood experiences of refugees, asylum-seekers and undocumented migrants...
September 19, 2017: Globalization and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28926030/the-allocation-of-resources-for-animal-health
#12
K S Howe
Economics is too important to be left to the experts. This paper is therefore mainly for animal health policy-makers who are not economists but want a better appreciation of how economics can contribute to resource allocation decisions. First, the methodology of economic analysis is outlined with the objective of dispelling criticisms of its simplifying assumption of rationality. Then, unusual in economics but more familiar to biological and veterinary scientists, the technical aspects of transforming resources into products are discussed...
April 2017: Revue Scientifique et Technique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28926026/conceptual-models-underlying-economic-analysis-of-animal-health-and-welfare-with-the-inclusion-of-three-components-people-products-and-resources
#13
D A Hennessy
Infectious animal diseases can spill across farm boundaries, so effective management requires coordinated responses. Costs and benefits from the management of infectious diseases are such that those who make the decisions have weak incentives to act, the levels of goods and services produced from animal agriculture are probably smaller than is socially optimal and resources are likely wasted. This work provides an overview of the existing literature on conceptual economic models in animal disease management, paying particular attention to inadequate incentives to make the required biosecurity efforts...
April 2017: Revue Scientifique et Technique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28926018/assessing-the-extent-and-use-of-risk-analysis-methodologies-in-africa-using-data-derived-from-the-performance-of-veterinary-services-pvs-pathway
#14
P Bastiaensen, D Abernethy, E Etter
African countries that wish to export are increasingly faced with import risk assessments from importing countries concerned about the sources of their imported goods. Other risk analysis methodologies and approaches are also employed, which focus on animal and human health within countries and communities. Based on an analysis of evaluations conducted by the World Organisation for Animal Health (OIE), using the Performance of Veterinary Services Tool, the authors attempt to define current practice in Africa and degrees of compliance with the World Trade Organization Agreement on the Application of Sanitary and Phytosanitary Measures ('SPS Agreement') and OIE standards...
April 2017: Revue Scientifique et Technique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28926016/policy-analysis-for-delivery-of-contagious-bovine-pleuropneumonia-control-strategies-in-sub-saharan-africa
#15
J O Onono, B Wieland, A Suleiman, J Rushton
This paper presents a policy analysis for the implementation of contagious bovine pleuropneumonia (CBPP) control strategies in pastoral regions of sub-Saharan Africa, where the disease is endemic. A framework for policy analysis was adapted for this review. The framework has eight principal steps: defining the context of the policy, identifying the problem to be addressed by the policy, searching for evidence of the problem, identifying policy options, projecting policy outcomes, evaluating the potential policy options, weighing their outcomes and making the policy decision...
April 2017: Revue Scientifique et Technique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28925350/beliefs-in-social-inclusion-invariance-in-associations-among-hope-dysfunctional-attitudes-and-social-inclusion-across-adolescence-and-young-adulthood
#16
Clio Berry, Kathryn Greenwood
Social disability in youth is an important precursor of long-term social and mental health problems. Social inclusion is a key policy driver and fits well within a new paradigm of health and well-being rather than illness-oriented services, yet little is known about social inclusion and its facilitators for "healthy" young people. We present a novel exploratory structural analysis of social inclusion using measures from 387 14- to 36-year-olds. Our model represents social inclusion as comprising social activity and community belonging, with both domains predicted by hopeful and dysfunctional self-beliefs but hopefulness more uniquely predicting social inclusion in adolescence...
September 19, 2017: Development and Psychopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28924945/hydrogen-fluoride-hf-substance-flow-analysis-for-safe-and-sustainable-chemical-industry
#17
Junbeum Kim, Yongwoo Hwang, Mijin Yoo, Sha Chen, Ik-Mo Lee
In this study, the chemical substance flow of hydrogen fluoride (hydrofluoric acid, HF) in domestic chemical industries in 2014 was analyzed in order to provide a basic material and information for the establishment of organized management system to ensure safety during HF applications. A total of 44,751 tons of HF was made by four domestic companies (in 2014); import amount was 95,984 tons in 2014 while 21,579 tons of HF was imported in 2005. The export amount of HF was 2180 tons, of which 2074 ton (China, 1422 tons, U...
September 18, 2017: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28924507/awareness-about-antibiotic-resistance-in-a-self-medication-user-group-from-eastern-romania-a-pilot-study
#18
Gabi Topor, Ionela-Alina Grosu, Cristina Mihaela Ghiciuc, Aurel Lulu Strat, Cătălina Elena Lupuşoru
BACKGROUND: Awareness about antibiotic resistance depends on the attitudes and information about antibiotic resistance of both patients and physicians. Persons who practice self-medication are at high risk of also self-medicating with antibiotics. The purpose of the present study was to evaluate the awareness about antibiotic resistance by investigating the practice in a group of self-medication users in a sample of adults in Romania and the variables associated with such practice. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A cross-sectional self-filled questionnaire based study was conducted from December 2016 through January 2017 amongst 218 self-medication users (SMUG)...
2017: PeerJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28924062/national-trends-in-pediatricians-practices-and-attitudes-about-breastfeeding-1995-to-2014
#19
Lori Feldman-Winter, Kinga Szucs, Aubri Milano, Elizabeth Gottschlich, Blake Sisk, Richard J Schanler
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: The American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) has affirmed breastfeeding as the preferred method of infant feeding; however, there has been little systematic examination of how pediatricians' recommendations, affiliated hospitals' policies, counseling practices, and attitudes toward breastfeeding have shifted over the past 2 decades. These trends were examined from 1995 to 2014. METHODS: Data are from the Periodic Survey (PS) of Fellows, a nationally representative survey of AAP members...
September 18, 2017: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28923835/no-effects-of-increased-alcohol-availability-during-adolescence-on-alcohol-related-morbidity-and-mortality-during-four-decades-a-natural-experiment
#20
Emelie Thern, Ting Jia, Mikaela Willmer, Jeroen de Munter, Thor Norström, Mats Ramstedt, George Davey Smith, Per Tynelius, Finn Rasmussen
BACKGROUND: A strict high legal age limit for alcohol purchases decreases adolescents' access to alcohol, but little is known about long-term health effects. The aim was to estimate the effect of increased alcohol availability during adolescence on alcohol-related morbidity and mortality. METHODS: A nationwide register-based study using data from a natural experiment setting. In two regions of Sweden, strong beer (4.5%-5.6% alcohol by volume) became temporarily available for purchase in grocery stores for individuals 16 years or older (instead of 21) in 1967/1968...
September 18, 2017: Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health
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