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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28528239/the-experiences-of-women-midwives-and-obstetricians-when-women-decline-recommended-maternity-care-a-feminist-thematic-analysis
#1
Bec Jenkinson, Sue Kruske, Sue Kildea
BACKGROUND: pregnant women, like all competent adults, have the right to refuse medical treatment, although concerns about maternal and fetal safety can make doing so problematic. Empirical research about refusal of recommended maternity care has mostly described the attitudes of clinicians, with women's perspectives notably absent. DESIGN: feminist thematic analysis of in-depth, semi-structured interviews with women's (n=9), midwives' (n=12) and obstetricians' (n=9) about their experiences of refusal of recommended maternity care...
May 11, 2017: Midwifery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527377/fishing-for-leadership-the-role-diversification-plays-in-facilitating-change-agents
#2
Joshua S Stoll
Leadership is often viewed as being critical to successful natural resource management. This research focuses on a set of leaders identified through a social network analysis of fishers in a rural coastal region. Leaders' connections to different fisheries are evaluated, and these actors are found to be significantly more diversified than other fishers in the area. Drawing on theory related to institutional entrepreneurship and a series of in-depth interviews with these actors, this paper puts forward several hypotheses to explain how diverse social-ecological connections facilitate leadership...
May 17, 2017: Journal of Environmental Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527328/living-in-violence-neighborhood-domestic-violence-and-small-for-gestational-age-births
#3
Erica Felker-Kantor, Maeve Wallace, Katherine Theall
OBJECTIVES: To determine the association between neighborhood domestic violence and small-for-gestational-age (SGA) birth and to examine if there is a differential impact of neighborhood domestic violence on SGA births by race in a high crime community. METHODS: This analysis includes all birth records issued in New Orleans, Louisiana from 2011 to 2012 geocoded by census tract (N=177 census tracts, N=8322 women). Hierarchical modeling and ecologic spatial analysis were used to examine the area-effect of neighborhood domestic violence on SGA births, independent of individual-level predictors and accounting for the propensity to live in high domestic violence neighborhoods...
May 17, 2017: Health & Place
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526305/cross-sectional-study-on-factors-hampering-implementation-of-measles-pre-and-postexposure-measures-in-dutch-hospitals-during-the-2013-2014-measles-outbreak
#4
L C R Fievez, A Wong, W L M Ruijs, F S Meerstadt-Rombach, A Timen
BACKGROUND: This study examined adherence to national recommendations on measles pre- and postexposure measures, including immunization of health care workers (HCWs) in Dutch hospitals, during a national outbreak of measles in The Netherlands. This study also investigated which hospital characteristics and organizational issues hamper implementation. METHODS: This was a cross-sectional survey among all general and academic hospitals in The Netherlands. An online structured questionnaire (48 questions) was administered...
May 16, 2017: American Journal of Infection Control
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28525319/preparation-for-sexual-and-reproductive-self-care-in-iranian-adolescent-girls-a-qualitative-study
#5
Zainab Alimoradi, Nourossadat Kariman, Fazlollah Ahmadi, Masoumeh Simbar
Background Adolescence is one of the most important stages in every individual's life. Pubertal changes and acquiring reproduction capability require adolescents to perform special health care processes. Also the possibility of involvement in high-risk sexual behaviors endangers adolescent girls' sexual and reproductive health. Objective Increase and deepen the understanding and knowledge of the factors affecting Iranian adolescent girls' readiness to take care of their sexual and reproductive health. Materials and methods The present qualitative study was conducted using conventional content analysis method...
May 17, 2017: International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28525294/the-cambia-sojourns-scholars-leadership-program-conversations-with-emerging-leaders-in-palliative-care
#6
Dulce M Cruz-Oliver, Rachelle Bernacki, Zara Cooper, Corita Grudzen, Seiko Izumi, Deborah Lafond, Daniel Lam, Thomas W LeBlanc, Jennifer Tjia, Jennifer Walter
BACKGROUND: There is a pressing workforce shortage and leadership scarcity in palliative care to adequately meet the demands of individuals with serious illness and their families. To address this gap, the Cambia Health Foundation launched its Sojourns Scholars Leadership Program in 2014, an initiative designed to identify, cultivate, and advance the next generation of palliative care leaders. This report intends to summarize the second cohort of Sojourns Scholars' projects and their reflection on their leadership needs...
May 19, 2017: Journal of Palliative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28524615/correlates-of-sedentary-behaviour-in-adults-a-systematic-review
#7
REVIEW
S A Prince, J L Reed, C McFetridge, M S Tremblay, R D Reid
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to systematically review evidence to identify intrapersonal, social environmental, physical environmental and policy correlates of sedentary behaviour (SB) among adults. METHODS: Six databases were searched to identify studies that reported on intrapersonal, social, physical environmental and/or policy correlates of SB across domains (i.e. occupational, leisure and transportation) in adults (mean ≥ 18 years old). Subgroup differences (sex, age, disease status, publication status and date, weekdays vs...
May 19, 2017: Obesity Reviews: An Official Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28524255/enablers-and-barriers-to-the-use-of-antibiotic-guidelines-in-the-assessment-and-treatment-of-community-acquired-pneumonia-a-qualitative-study-of-clinicians-perspectives
#8
Antoine Sedrak, Mahesan Anpalahan, Karen Luetsch
BACKGROUND: Community-acquired pneumonia (CAP) is a common condition and a number of guidelines have been developed for its assessment and treatment. Adherence to guidelines by clinicians varies and particularly the prescribing of antibiotics often remains suboptimal. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to elucidate potential barriers and enablers to the adherence to antibiotic guidelines by clinicians treating CAP in an Australian hospital. METHODS: Semi-structured interviews were conducted with purposively recruited senior prescribers who regularly treat CAP in an Australian hospital...
May 19, 2017: International Journal of Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28524254/migraine-nurses-in-primary-care-costs-and-benefits
#9
Jan S P van den Berg, Timothy J Steiner, Petra J L Veenstra, Boudewijn J Kollen
OBJECTIVE: We examined the costs and benefits of introducing migraine nurses into primary care. BACKGROUND: Migraine is one of the most costly neurological diseases. METHODS: We analyzed data from our earlier nonrandomized cohort study comparing an intervention group of 141 patients, whose care was supported by nurses trained in migraine management, and a control group of 94 patients receiving usual care. Estimates of per-person direct costs were based on nurses' salaries and referrals to neurologists...
May 19, 2017: Headache
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28524117/ebutterfly-leveraging-massive-online-citizen-science-for-butterfly-consevation
#10
Kathleen L Prudic, Kent P McFarland, Jeffrey C Oliver, Rebecca A Hutchinson, Elizabeth C Long, Jeremy T Kerr, Maxim Larrivée
Data collection, storage, analysis, visualization, and dissemination are changing rapidly due to advances in new technologies driven by computer science and universal access to the internet. These technologies and web connections place human observers front and center in citizen science-driven research and are critical in generating new discoveries and innovation in such fields as astronomy, biodiversity, and meteorology. Research projects utilizing a citizen science approach address scientific problems at regional, continental, and even global scales otherwise impossible for a single lab or even a small collection of academic researchers...
May 18, 2017: Insects
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28523966/relationship-centered-dementia-care-insights-from-a-community-based-culture-change-coalition
#11
Lorna de Witt, Darla Fortune
This article reports on the work of a community-based culture change coalition affiliated with the Partnerships in Dementia Care Alliance, a research network committed to strengthening dementia care through supporting relationship-centered care approaches. Research to date emphasizes negative aspects of dementia care relationships. Drawing on data the culture change coalition collected as part of their culture change work using participatory action research guided by appreciative inquiry, this article examines what relationship qualities contributed to positive dementia care experiences and how positive relationships were created...
January 1, 2017: Dementia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28522311/effect-of-second-timed-appointments-for-non-attenders-of-breast-cancer-screening-in-england-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#12
Prue C Allgood, Roberta Maroni, Sue Hudson, Judith Offman, Anne E Turnbull, Lesley Peacock, Jim Steel, Geraldine Kirby, Christine E Ingram, Julie Somers, Clare Fuller, Anthony G Threlfall, Rhian Gabe, Anthony J Maxwell, Julietta Patnick, Stephen W Duffy
BACKGROUND: In England, participation in breast cancer screening has been decreasing in the past 10 years, approaching the national minimum standard of 70%. Interventions aimed at improving participation need to be investigated and put into practice to stop this downward trend. We assessed the effect on participation of sending invitations for breast screening with a timed appointment to women who did not attend their first offered appointment within the NHS Breast Screening Programme (NHSBSP)...
May 15, 2017: Lancet Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28522236/parental-support-for-age-based-indoor-tanning-restrictions
#13
Melissa B Gilkey, Darren Mays, Maryam M Asgari, Melanie L Kornides, Annie-Laurie McRee
INTRODUCTION: Regulatory agencies, including the U.S. Food and Drug Administration, are considering policies to ban indoor tanning for youth aged <18 years. Using data from a nationally representative sample, this study assessed parental support for age-based bans as well as less restrictive parental permission requirements. METHODS: Data came from an online survey completed by 1,244 parents of adolescents aged 11-17 years. Weighted multivariable logistic regression models assessed correlates of supporting an indoor tanning ban for youth aged <18 years...
May 8, 2017: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28521831/the-sitless-project-exercise-referral-schemes-enhanced-by-self-management-strategies-to-battle-sedentary-behaviour-in-older-adults-study-protocol-for-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#14
Maria Giné-Garriga, Laura Coll-Planas, Míriam Guerra, Àlex Domingo, Marta Roqué, Paolo Caserotti, Michael Denkinger, Dietrich Rothenbacher, Mark A Tully, Frank Kee, Emma McIntosh, Carme Martín-Borràs, Guillermo R Oviedo, Javier Jerez-Roig, Marta Santiago, Oriol Sansano, Guillermo Varela, Mathias Skjødt, Katharina Wirth, Dhayana Dallmeier, Jochen Klenk, Jason J Wilson, Nicole E Blackburn, Manuela Deidda, Guillaume Lefebvre, Denise González, Antoni Salvà
BACKGROUND: Older adults are the fastest growing segment of the world's population. Recent evidence indicates that excessive sitting time is harmful to health, independent of meeting the recommended moderate to vigorous physical activity (PA) guidelines. The SITLESS project aims to determine whether exercise referral schemes (ERS) can be enhanced by self-management strategies (SMSs) to reduce sedentary behaviour (SB), increase PA and improve health, quality of life and function in the long term, as well as psychosocial outcomes in community-dwelling older European citizens from four countries, within a three-armed pragmatic randomised controlled trial, compared with ERS alone and also with general recommendations about PA...
May 18, 2017: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28521813/virginity-testing-a-systematic-review
#15
REVIEW
Rose McKeon Olson, Claudia García-Moreno
BACKGROUND: So-called virginity testing, also referred to as hymen, two-finger, or per vaginal examination, is the inspection of the female genitalia to assess if the examinee has had or has been habituated to sexual intercourse. This paper is the first systematic review of available evidence on the medical utility of virginity testing by hymen examination and its potential impacts on the examinee. METHODS: Ten electronic databases and other sources for articles published in English were systematically searched from database inception until January 2017...
May 18, 2017: Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28521749/service-user-involvement-in-mental-health-system-strengthening-in-a-rural-african-setting-qualitative-study
#16
Sisay Abayneh, Heidi Lempp, Atalay Alem, Daniel Alemayehu, Tigist Eshetu, Crick Lund, Maya Semrau, Graham Thornicroft, Charlotte Hanlon
BACKGROUND: It is essential to involve service users in efforts to expand access to mental health care in integrated primary care settings in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs). However, there is little evidence from LMICs to guide this process. The aim of this study was to explore barriers to, and facilitators of, service user/caregiver involvement in rural Ethiopia to inform the development of a scalable approach. METHODS: Thirty nine semi-structured interviews were carried out with purposively selected mental health service users (n = 13), caregivers (n = 10), heads of primary care facilities (n = 8) and policy makers/planners/service developers (n = 8)...
May 18, 2017: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28521617/fingerprint-based-background-checks-for-personal-care-workers-stakeholder-views-of-policy-criteria
#17
Eric D Raile, Sarah J Swierenga, Toni A Dennis, Lauren A Swanson-Aprill, Lori A Post, Fuad Abujarad
Decision makers face difficult choices when tasked with identifying and implementing appropriate mechanisms for protecting the elderly and other vulnerable adults from abuse. A pilot project involving fingerprint-based criminal history background checks for personal care workers in Michigan has supplied an opportunity to examine one such mechanism. In conjunction with the pilot project, we have conducted a stakeholder analysis with the aim of informing decision makers about stakeholder perceptions of standard policy criteria like effectiveness, efficiency, and equity...
May 19, 2017: Journal of Elder Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28521377/-checklist-for-the-development-and-assessment-of-cost-of-illness-studies
#18
Dirk Müller, Stephanie Stock, Charalabos-Markos Dintsios, Nadja Chernyak, Andreas Gerber-Grote, Tristan Daniel Gloede, Benita Hermann, Eduard Huppertz, Fabian Jülich, Sarah Mostardt, Juliane Köberlein-Neu, Anne Prenzler, Hans-Joachim Salize, Sara Santos, Benjamin Scheckel, Astrid Seidl, Katharina Wahlers, Andrea Icks
Background Cost-of-illness (CoI) studies are important instruments for estimating the socioeconomic burden of specified diseases. CoI studies provide important information about the cost structure of a disease, the resulting research need, approaches to improve aspects of care and, monetary consequences from different perspectives. This information can be useful for healthcare research and health policy. Due to heterogeneity of available Cost-of-Illness studies, the working group 'Health Economics' of the German Network for Healthcare Research (DNVF) in accordance with the German Society for Health Economics (DGGÖ) developed an instrument for the planning, conduct and assessment of CoI studies...
May 18, 2017: Das Gesundheitswesen
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28520961/building-a-middle-range-theory-of-free-public-healthcare-seeking-in-sub-saharan-africa-a-realist-review
#19
Emilie Robert, Oumar Mallé Samb, Bruno Marchal, Valéry Ridde
Realist reviews are a new form of knowledge synthesis aimed at providing middle-range theories (MRTs) that specify how interventions work, for which populations, and under what circumstances. This approach opens the 'black box' of an intervention by showing how it triggers mechanisms in specific contexts to produce outcomes. We conducted a realist review of health user fee exemption policies (UFEPs) in sub-Saharan Africa (SSA). This article presents how we developed both the intervention theory (IT) of UFEPs and a MRT of free public healthcare seeking in SSA, building on Sen's capability approach...
May 16, 2017: Health Policy and Planning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28520761/antibiotic-use-in-south-korea-from-2007-to-2014-a-health-insurance-database-generated-time-series-analysis
#20
Juhee Park, Euna Han, Soo Ok Lee, Dong-Sook Kim
BACKGROUND: Inappropriate antibiotic use significantly contributes to antibiotic-resistance, resulting in reduced antibiotic efficacy and increasing physical burden and cost of disease. The goal of this study was to explore antibiotic usage patterns in South Korea using 2007-2014 health insurance claims data. METHODS: We used the Health Insurance Review & Assessment Service data, which represents nearly the entire population of South Korea, to discern patterns in antibiotic prescribing practices...
2017: PloS One
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