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Distal radial fracture

T Liu, F L Bao, S J Kang, T Jiang, D S Huang, W Gao, L J Geng, Y M Hu
Objective: To explore a standard procedure for the treatment of combined dorsal and palmar internal fixation for complex four part distal radius fractures and assess its clinical results. Methods: From May 2009 to October 2016, 38 patients(39 sides)who suffered from complex four part distal radius fractures were performed operatively with open reduction and internal fixation via combined dorsal and palmar approach in Department of Orthopaedic Trauma, Qilu Hospital of Shandong University(Qingdao). The series included 22 males(22 sides) and 16 females(17 sides)...
March 1, 2018: Zhonghua Wai Ke za Zhi [Chinese Journal of Surgery]
Rony-Orijit Dey Hazra, Helmut Lill, Gunnar Jensen, Julia Imrecke, Alexander Ellwein
Around one third of humeral fractures and 2-6% of all fractures occur to the distal part of the humerus. There is a bimodal distribution differentiating between young male patients with high-energy and elderly female patients with low-energy trauma related to osteoporosis. The AO classification and Dubberley subclassification are used in daily routine. Most fractures are diagnosed on radiographs. For further evaluation, three-dimensional computed tomography is recommended, especially for comminuted or complex fractures...
2018: Obere Extremität
Francisco Del Piñal, Eduardo Moraleda, Jaime S Rúas, Ana Rodriguez-Vega, Alexis Studer
PURPOSE: To present a new arthroscopic method for treating supination losses. METHODS: Six patients (15-71 y) were eligible for this study. All had a history of trauma to the wrist more than 6 months previously. Five of them had sustained a distal radius fracture: 3 had been treated with a volar plate (1 of them for an extra-articular malunion), 1 with an external fixator and K-wires, and 1 had been treated in a cast. One of these patients underwent a further operation for correcting an intra-articular malunion...
March 6, 2018: Journal of Hand Surgery
Michel D Crema, Catherine Phan, Anne Miquel, Celine Quach, Lionel Arrivé, Yves Menu
OBJECTIVES: Our primary aim was to evaluate the distribution and severity of cartilage damage in a sample of patients with scaphoid nonunion advanced collapse (SNAC), assessed on MDCT arthrography, with regard to two well-known SNAC staging systems. Secondarily, we wanted to see if the degree of cartilage damage varied with the location of the nonunion. METHODS: We retrospectively included 35 patients with a history of SNAC who had undergone MDCT arthrography. The location of the fracture was defined as the proximal, middle, or distal third of the scaphoid...
March 8, 2018: Skeletal Radiology
Yuki Bessho, Toshiyasu Nakamura, Masao Nishiwaki, Takeo Nagura, Morio Matsumoto, Masaya Nakamura, Kazuki Sato
We investigated the relationship between the radial inclination of the distal radius and distal radioulnar joint stability. Six fresh-frozen upper extremities were used. Radial inclination was decreased by 10° and 20° and increased by 10° from the original radial inclination. Distal radioulnar joint stiffness was assessed with an intact radioulnar ligament and after partial and then complete sectioning of the radioulnar ligament. Radial angulation deformities significantly increased distal radioulnar joint stiffness when the radioulnar ligament is totally or partially attached to the ulnar fovea...
January 1, 2018: Journal of Hand Surgery, European Volume
Björn A Alkner, Christina Halvardsson, Gustaf Bråkenhielm, Therese Eskilsson, Erika Andersson, Peter Fritzell
We investigated the difference between postoperative rehabilitation with or without adjunctive intermittent pneumatic compression therapy following distal radial fracture treated with volar plating. A total of 115 patients were randomized to a control or to an experimental group. After 4 weeks of immobilization the experimental group received intermittent pneumatic compression therapy in addition to conventional postoperative rehabilitation. Primary outcome up to 1 year postoperatively was assessed using the Canadian Occupational Performance Measure...
January 1, 2018: Journal of Hand Surgery, European Volume
Samuel E Galle, Neil G Harness, Jacques H Hacquebord, Raoul J Burchette, Brett Peterson
BACKGROUND: Distal radius fractures treated with open reduction and internal fixation are commonly stabilized with a volar locking plate; however, more complex fracture patterns may require supplemental fixation with fragment-specific implants. The objective of this study was to evaluate the outcomes of distal radius fractures treated with radial column plates. METHODS: A consecutive series of 61 patients who sustained distal radius fractures underwent radial column plating alone or in conjunction with other implants between August 2006 and January 2014...
February 1, 2018: Hand: Official Journal of the American Association for Hand Surgery
Benjamin T K Ding, Kaamini Pillay, Sreedharan Sechachalam
We assessed whether radial shaft fracture obliquity measurements on radiographs could predict intra-operative distal radioulnar joint instability. We also clinically validated previously described predictors of distal radioulnar joint instability, which included a fracture line within 7.5 cm of the lunate fossa, radial shortening >5 mm, and ulna styloid fracture. We retrospectively analysed the radiographs of all surgically managed patients in our unit with radial shaft fractures from 2006 through 2016...
January 1, 2018: Journal of Hand Surgery, European Volume
D Schneidmueller, M Kertai, V Bühren, C von Rüden
INTRODUCTION: Kirschner wire osteosynthesis is considered to be the standard technique for surgical fixation of displaced supracondylar humeral and distal radial fractures in children. The Kirschner wires can be left exposed or buried under the skin. Advantages of the epicutaneous technique are, e. g. the efficiency (cost, effort) and the possibility for wire removal without the necessity of a second anesthesia. On the other hand, there is a concern about higher infection rates as well as traumatization of the children due to externally visible wires...
February 20, 2018: Der Unfallchirurg
Daniel Tordjman, Richard M Hinds, S Steven Yang, John T Capo
Radial shaft convergence in distal radius fractures is often misdiagnosed. This common deformation is often associated with a radial translation of the distal fragment. This parameter has to be corrected because of the increased risk of distal radioulnar joint instability due to detensioning of the distal interosseous membrane if there is an associated triangular fibrocartilage complex lesion. A new radiologic sign for diagnosis of proximal radius convergence during distal radius fracture is presented as well as technical tips for correction of this deformity...
March 2018: Techniques in Hand & Upper Extremity Surgery
Zirun Xiao, Ge Xiong, Weiguang Zhang
We investigated the intraosseous arteries of six normal cadaveric scaphoids using red lead injection and three-dimensional reconstruction with micro-computed tomography. The arterial entrances were generally located around the dorsal ridge, the insertion of the scaphocapitate ligament and the radial part of the radioscaphocapitate ligament. Two to three trunk arteries entered the scaphoid on dorsal ridge at the level of the waist. The distal part of the scaphoid was mainly supplied by arteries from the waist...
January 1, 2018: Journal of Hand Surgery, European Volume
Jennifer J Ree, Wendy I Baltzer, Sarah Nemanic
OBJECTIVE: To determine the rate of radiographic healing, complications, vascularization, and bone density after repair of radial and ulnar fractures in dogs <6 kg that were treated with an autogenous cancellous bone graft (BG) or free autologous omentum graft (OG). STUDY DESIGN: Prospective, randomized, controlled clinical trial with owners/radiologists blinded to treatment. ANIMALS: 25 dogs with naturally occurring traumatic radial/ulnar fractures...
February 19, 2018: Veterinary Surgery: VS
Haggai Schermann, Assaf Kadar, Oleg Dolkart, Franck Atlan, Yishai Rosenblatt, Tamir Pritsch
INTRODUCTION: Repeated attempts of closed reduction of distal radius fractures (DRF) are performed in the emergency department setting to optimize fracture alignment and avoid surgery. The additional manipulation of the fracture may, however, increase dorsal comminution and lead to loss of reduction in the cast. This retrospective cohort study has investigated the effect of second reduction attempt on fracture alignment and comminution. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Six-hundred-eighteen patients with DRF were treated in the medical center in 2007-2010...
February 16, 2018: Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery
E Q Pang, J Truntzer, L Baker, A H S Harris, M J Gardner, R N Kamal
AIMS: The aim of this study was to test the null hypothesis that there is no difference, from the payer perspective, in the cost of treatment of a distal radial fracture in an elderly patient, aged > 65 years, between open reduction and internal fixation (ORIF) and closed reduction (CR). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Data relating to the treatment of these injuries in the elderly between January 2007 and December 2015 were extracted using the Humana and Medicare Advantage Databases...
February 2018: Bone & Joint Journal
Alan Katz, Amanda Almakias, Ronit Wollstein
BACKGROUND: Fractures of the distal radius are the most common fractures in the upper extremity, and their incidence is increasing with the aging of the population. Despite anatomical reduction of the bones, many patients complain of residual pain. A reason for this may be ligament injury not addressed during surgery or conservative treatment. Radiographic measurements may allow assessment of ligament integrity but they may be population specific and differ among races. OBJECTIVES: To assess radiographic wrist measurements in an Israeli population and to compare them to existing values...
February 2018: Israel Medical Association Journal: IMAJ
Bin-Bin Niu, Yang Zhang, Dong Wang, Zheng-Chao Gao, Wen-Long Yang, Ping-Lin Yang, Xi-Jing He
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate curative effects of intramedullary nail and volar plate internal fixation for distal radius fractures. METHODS: The studies concerning about randomized controlled trial of intramedullary nail and volar plate internal fixation for distal radius fractures from create database to May, 2016 were searched from PubMed, Cochrane Library, Web of Science, CNKI, Wan Fang data and VIP. Information was screen and taken out according to inclusion and exclusion criteria, quality of literature was evaluated according to Cochrane Handbook evaluating system...
June 25, 2017: Zhongguo Gu Shang, China Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology
Xue-Feng Jia, Hong-Xin Cai, Ge-Sheng Lin, Ji-Shi Fang, Yong Wang, Zhi-Yong Wu, Xu-Hui Tu
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effect of joint mobilization on postoperative wrist joint function, pain and grip strength for elderly patients with distal radius fracture. METHODS: From January 2015 to June 2016, a total of 67 elderly patients with distal radius fracture were randomly divided into routine exercise group and joint mobilization group. Among them, 37 patients in the routine exercise group underwent conventional distal radius fracture postoperative joint function exercise regimen, including 16 males and 21 females with a mean age of (67...
July 25, 2017: Zhongguo Gu Shang, China Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology
Teik Wei Diong, Nor Hazla Mohamed Haflah, Abdul Yazid Mohd Kassim, Sharifah Majedah Idrus Al Habshi, Mohd Hassan Shukur
BACKGROUND: The use of volar locking plate in distal radius fracture can lead to extensor tendon rupture due to dorsal screw penetration. The aim of our study was to investigate the occurrence of dorsal and intra-articular screw penetration using CT scan after volar distal radius osteosynthesis for distal radius fractures. METHODS: Thirty patients who underwent distal volar locking plate for distal radius fracture were included in a retrospective study. In all 30 patients no dorsal and intra-articular screw penetration were detected on standard AP and lateral views of a plain radiograph...
March 2018: Journal of Hand Surgery Asian-Pacific Volume
Takuma Wakasugi, Ritsuro Shirasaka, Toshiyuki Kawauchi, Koji Fujita, Atsushi Okawa
BACKGROUND: Intramedullary fixation for distal radius fractures is reported to be free of hardware irritation and less invasive than other fixation methods. Some specific complications associated with intramedullary fixation, such as radial nerve sensory neuritis, have been reported, but no study has focused on the complication rates of intramedullary fixation for distal radius fractures in the elderly population. Furthermore, no studies have analyzed common complications, such as carpal tunnel syndrome and flexor tenosynovitis including trigger finger, among patients with distal radius fractures treated by intramedullary fixation based on a comprehensive complication checklist...
March 2018: Journal of Hand Surgery Asian-Pacific Volume
Stuart Goudie, Diane Dixon, Gail McMillan, David Ring, Margaret McQueen
BACKGROUND: Symptom intensity and magnitude of limitations correlate with stress, distress, and less effective coping strategies. It is unclear if interventions to target these factors can be used to improve outcomes after distal radius fracture in either the short- or longer term. QUESTIONS/PURPOSES: (1) Are there any factors (including the use of a workbook aimed at optimizing psychological response to injury, demographic, radiographic, medical, or psychosocial) associated with improved Disabilities of the Arm, Shoulder and Hand (DASH) and Numerical Rating Scale pain (NRS pain) scores at 6 weeks after management of distal radius fracture? (2) Are any of these factors associated with improved DASH and NRS pain scores at 6 months after management of distal radius fracture? METHODS: We conducted a double-blind randomized controlled trial comparing a workbook designed to optimize rehabilitation by improving psychological response to injury using recognized psychological techniques (the LEARN technique and goal setting) versus a workbook containing details of stretching exercises in the otherwise routine management of distal radius fracture...
February 2, 2018: Clinical Orthopaedics and related Research
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