keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Obsessive Compulsive Disorder

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28810815/social-selection-in-cohort-studies-and-later-representation-of-childhood-psychiatric-diagnoses-the-danish-national-birth-cohort
#1
Kathrine Bang Madsen, Lena Hohwü, Jin Liang Zhu, Jørn Olsen, Carsten Obel
AIM: This study aimed to estimate the relative representation of childhood psychiatric diagnoses and use of psychotropic medication in the Danish National Birth Cohort (DNBC) compared to the general population. METHODS: The general population was identified as all childbirths in Denmark during 1998-2002 ( N=344,160). Linking the DNBC ( N=91,442) and the general population to the Danish national health registries, all children were followed until they received an ICD-10 psychiatric diagnosis, had a prescription of psychotropic medication or to the end of follow-up in 2013...
August 1, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28810802/the-importance-of-aberrant-beliefs-in-obsessive-compulsive-disorder-and-related-conditions
#2
Vladan Starcevic, Vlasios Brakoulias
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 1, 2017: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28810380/when-food-becomes-an-obsession-overweight-is-related-to-food-related-obsessive-compulsive-behavior
#3
Katrijn Houben, Anita Jansen
In this study, it was examined whether overweight is associated with food-related obsessions and compulsions. Participants with a healthy weight ( n = 27) and participants who were overweight ( n = 33) filled out the Yale-Brown-Cornell Eating Disorder Scale, the Eating Obsessive-Compulsive Scale, and the Emotional and Behavioral Reactions to Intrusions Questionnaire to assess frequency, distress, control, and reactance associated with food-related preoccupations and compulsions. Overweight participants showed increased food-related preoccupations, compulsive eating, and heightened emotional and behavioral reactance compared to participants with a healthy weight...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Health Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28807495/the-colorful-spectrum-of-tourette-syndrome-and-its-medical-surgical-and-behavioral-therapies
#4
Jan Roth
Tourette syndrome (TS) is a common neuropsychiatric disorder, more common in males than females, with onset before age 18. TS is characterized by multiple motor tics and one or more vocal/phonic tics, persisting for more than a year. Tics are unvoluntary, abrupt, rapid, repetitive, but non-rhythmic movements or sounds (vocalizations). They are preceded by an inner urge. Tics can be temporarily suppressed, but this leads to a powerful re-emergence. The performance of tics results in immediate but transient relief...
August 10, 2017: Parkinsonism & related Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28806269/affective-disorders-and-sexual-function-from-neuroscience-to-clinic
#5
Bernardo C de Abreu Barata
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Sexual dysfunction is a frequent issue in patients with affective disorders, affecting its quality of life and posing challenges to the approach of these patients. RECENT FINDINGS: In recent years, human sexuality has attracted interest from the scientific community, and today we have a much deeper knowledge of the mechanisms involved in the sexual response. Paraphilias or sexual dysfunctions like low sexual desire, premature ejaculation, and erectile dysfunction, are frequent in affective disorders, and the frequency of each sexual problem varies according to the affective disorder...
August 12, 2017: Current Opinion in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28805580/tourette-syndrome-and-chronic-tic-disorders-the-clinical-spectrum-beyond-tics
#6
Davide Martino, Christos Ganos, Tamara M Pringsheim
The clinical surveillance and active management of Tourette syndrome (TS) and other primary chronic tic disorders cannot be limited to tics, as these patients manifest a spectrum of sensory-, behavioral-, cognitive-, and sleep-related problems that have a major impact on their functioning and quality of life, influencing enormously clinical decision making on a routine basis. The sensory phenomena of primary tic disorders consist of premonitory urges and heightened sensitivity to external somatosensory and interoceptive stimuli...
2017: International Review of Neurobiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28795979/treating-obsessive-compulsive-disorder-in-the-postpartum-period-diagnostic-and-cultural-considerations
#7
Angela Fang, Noah C Berman, Justin A Chen, Lisa Zakhary
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 8, 2017: Harvard Review of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28791792/the-role-of-feared-possible-selves-in-obsessive-compulsive-and-related-disorders-a-comparative-analysis-of-a-core-cognitive-self-construct-in-clinical-samples
#8
Frederick Aardema, Richard Moulding, Gabriele Melli, Adam S Radomsky, Guy Doron, Jean-Sebastien Audet, Magali Purcell-Lalonde
Increasingly, cognitive-behavioural models have been considering the role of beliefs about the self in the development and maintenance of obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD), including sensitive domains of self-concept and feared self-perceptions. This has led to the development of the Fear of Self Questionnaire (FSQ; Aardema et al., ), which has shown strong internal consistency, divergent and convergent validity, and found to be a major predictor of unwanted thoughts and impulses (i.e., repugnant obsessions)...
August 9, 2017: Clinical Psychology & Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28791577/-barbie-doll-syndrome-a-case-report-of-body-dysmorphic-disorder
#9
Maria Gruber, Rebecca Jahn, Karin Stolba, Michael Ossege
BACKGROUND: This case report aims to present a 37-year-old women striving to shape her body like a Barbie doll of which she has been fascinated since childhood. She could hardly tolerate any deviation from this beauty ideal. She has been admitted to the psychosomatic ward due to an eating disorder. METHODS: The ICD-10 and DSM-5 criteria were established for axis I disorders and the German version of the SCID II interview (for DSM-4) was applied for axis II disorders...
August 8, 2017: Neuropsychiatrie: Klinik, Diagnostik, Therapie und Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28791332/deep-brain-stimulation-of-the-subthalamic-nucleus-selectively-decreases-risky-choice-in-risk-preferring-rats
#10
Wendy K Adams, Cole Vonder Haar, Melanie Tremblay, Paul J Cocker, Mason M Silveira, Sukhbir Kaur, Christelle Baunez, Catharine A Winstanley
Deep brain stimulation of the subthalamic nucleus (STN-DBS) can improve the motor symptoms of Parkinson's disease (PD) and negate the problematic side effects of dopamine replacement therapy. Although there is concern that STN-DBS may enhance the development of gambling disorder and other impulse control disorders in this patient group, recent data suggest that STN-DBS may actually reduce iatrogenic impulse control disorders, and alleviate obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD). Here, we sought to determine whether STN-DBS was beneficial or detrimental to performance of the rat gambling task (rGT), a rodent analogue of the Iowa Gambling Task (IGT) used to assess risky decision making clinically...
July 2017: ENeuro
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28790433/a-neural-marker-of-obsessive-compulsive-disorder-from-whole-brain-functional-connectivity
#11
Yu Takagi, Yuki Sakai, Giuseppe Lisi, Noriaki Yahata, Yoshinari Abe, Seiji Nishida, Takashi Nakamae, Jun Morimoto, Mitsuo Kawato, Jin Narumoto, Saori C Tanaka
Obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) is a common psychiatric disorder with a lifetime prevalence of 2-3%. Recently, brain activity in the resting state is gathering attention for exploring altered functional connectivity in psychiatric disorders. Although previous resting-state functional magnetic resonance imaging studies investigated the neurobiological abnormalities of patients with OCD, there are concerns that should be addressed. One concern is the validity of the hypothesis employed. Most studies used seed-based analysis of the fronto-striatal circuit, despite the potential for abnormalities in other regions...
August 8, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28790376/global-and-local-excitation-and-inhibition-shape-the-dynamics-of-the-cortico-striatal-thalamo-cortical-pathway
#12
Anca Rădulescu, Joanna Herron, Caitlin Kennedy, Annalisa Scimemi
The cortico-striatal-thalamo-cortical (CSTC) pathway is a brain circuit that controls movement execution, habit formation and reward. Hyperactivity in the CSTC pathway is involved in obsessive compulsive disorder (OCD), a neuropsychiatric disorder characterized by the execution of repetitive involuntary movements. The striatum shapes the activity of the CSTC pathway through the coordinated activation of two classes of medium spiny neurons (MSNs) expressing D1 or D2 dopamine receptors. The exact mechanisms by which balanced excitation/inhibition (E/I) of these cells controls the network dynamics of the CSTC pathway remain unclear...
August 8, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28783772/obsessive-compulsive-disorder-under-recognized-and-responsive-to-treatment
#13
Julia R Craner, Jared Lyon Skillings, Christopher R Barnes
Mood or anxiety concerns, when explored, may reveal associated OCD symptoms. Pharmacotherapy and cognitive behavioral therapy have proven effective.
August 2017: Journal of Family Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28782126/independent-effects-of-mental-disorders-on-suicidal-behavior-in-the-community
#14
Philip J Batterham, Alison L Calear, Helen Christensen, Natacha Carragher, Matthew Sunderland
This study assessed the independent contributions of nine common mental disorders on suicide ideation and suicide attempt. A community-based survey of Australian adults (N = 3,175) was conducted to identify common mental disorders associated with recent suicide attempt. Nine disorders were assessed using DSM-5 clinical criteria. Logistic regression models indicated that all disorders were significantly and independently associated with suicide ideation. However, only obsessive-compulsive disorder and posttraumatic stress disorder were significantly associated with suicide attempt among participants with ideation, independently of other disorders (OR = 2...
August 7, 2017: Suicide & Life-threatening Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28781911/deep-brain-stimulation-for-psychiatric-disorders-is-there-an-impact-on-social-functioning
#15
REVIEW
Christian Saleh, Gregor Hasler
BACKGROUND: Deep brain stimulation (DBS) for refractory psychiatric disorders shows promising effects on symptom-reduction, however, little is known regarding the effects of DBS on social outcome. METHODS: A PubMed search based on original studies of DBS for psychiatric disorders [treatment resistant depression (TRD), Gilles de la Tourette's syndrome (GTS), and obsessive compulsive disorder (OCD)] was conducted. Data on social outcome following surgery were extracted and analyzed...
2017: Surgical Neurology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28781731/neuropsychological-functioning-in-obsessive-compulsive-washers-drug-naive-without-depressive-symptoms
#16
Ali Akbar Saremi, Seyed Vahid Shariat, Mohammad Ali Nazari, Behrooz Dolatshahi
INTRODUCTION: Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder (OCD) is a complex and heterogeneous neuropsychiatric syndrome. Contamination obsessions and washing/cleaning compulsions are the most frequent clinical OCD subtypes. The current study aimed at examining the neuropsychological impairments in drug-naive obsessive-compulsive (OC) washers without depressive symptoms and their association with the severity of symptoms. METHODS: In the current causal-comparative study, 35 patients with diagnostic and statistical mental disorders class (DSM)-IV diagnosed with washing-subtype OCD and 35 healthy subjects were selected by the convenience sampling method and evaluated by computerized neuropsychology battery and clinical tests as Stroop Color-Word Test (SCWT), Wisconsin Card Sorting Test (WCST), Go/No-Go Test, Digits Forward (DF), Digits Backward (DB), Yale-Brown Obsessive-Compulsive Scale (Y-BOCS), Beck Depression Inventory (BDI), Beck Anxiety Inventory (BAI), and General Health Questionnaire (GHQ)-28...
May 2017: Basic and Clinical Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28774738/divergent-structural-responses-to-pharmacological-interventions-in-orbitofronto-striato-thalamic-and-premotor-circuits-in-obsessive-compulsive-disorder
#17
Qiming Lv, Zhen Wang, Chencheng Zhang, Qing Fan, Qing Zhao, Kristina Zeljic, Bomin Sun, Zeping Xiao, Zheng Wang
Prior efforts to dissect etiological and pharmacological modulations in brain morphology in obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) are often undermined by methodological and sampling constraints, yielding conflicting conclusions and no reliable neuromarkers. Here we evaluated alteration of regional gray matter volume including effect size (Cohen's d value) in 95 drug-naïve patients (age range: 18-55) compared to 95 healthy subjects (age: 18-63), then examined pharmacological effects in 65 medicated (age: 18-57) and 73 medication-free patients (age: 18-61)...
August 2017: EBioMedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28768346/-psychotherapy-with-adjuvant-use-of-serotonergic-psychoactive-substances-possibilities-and-challenges
#18
Tomislav Majić, Henrik Jungaberle, Timo T Schmidt, Andrea Zeuch, Leo Hermle, Jürgen Gallinat
Background Recently, scientific interest in the therapeutic potential of serotonergic and psilocybin hallucinogens (psychedelics) such as lysergic acid diethylamide (LSD) and entactogens like 3,4-methylendioxymethamphetamine (MDMA) within the framework of psychotherapy has resumed. The present article provides an overview on the current evidence on substance-assisted psychotherapy with these substances. Method A selective search was carried out in the PubMed and Cochrane Library including studies investigating the clinical use of serotonergic psychoactive substances since 2000...
July 2017: Fortschritte der Neurologie-Psychiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28768327/the-unified-protocol-for-transdiagnostic-treatment-of-emotional-disorders-compared-with-diagnosis-specific-protocols-for-anxiety-disorders-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#19
David H Barlow, Todd J Farchione, Jacqueline R Bullis, Matthew W Gallagher, Heather Murray-Latin, Shannon Sauer-Zavala, Kate H Bentley, Johanna Thompson-Hollands, Laren R Conklin, James F Boswell, Amantia Ametaj, Jenna R Carl, Hannah T Boettcher, Clair Cassiello-Robbins
Importance: Transdiagnostic interventions have been developed to address barriers to the dissemination of evidence-based psychological treatments, but only a few preliminary studies have compared these approaches with existing evidence-based psychological treatments. Objective: To determine whether the Unified Protocol for Transdiagnostic Treatment of Emotional Disorders (UP) is at least as efficacious as single-disorder protocols (SDPs) in the treatment of anxiety disorders...
August 2, 2017: JAMA Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28764678/the-specific-and-combined-role-of-domestic-violence-and-mental-health-disorders-during-pregnancy-on-new-born-health
#20
Alexandre Archanjo Ferraro, Luis Augusto Rohde, Guilherme Vanoni Polanczyk, Adriana Argeu, Euripides Constantino Miguel, Sandra Josefina Ferraz Ellero Grisi, Bacy Fleitlich-Bilyk
BACKGROUND: Addressing impaired foetal growth is recognized as a public health priority. Certain risk factors for this condition, such as poor nutritional status at birth, have been found to be highly correlated with poverty. However, the role of psychosocial factors, specifically the mother's mental health and exposure to violence during pregnancy, have yet to be further explored. Our objective was to determine if there is a measurable association between combined psychosocial factors, specifically domestic violence and mental disorders, and birth outcomes, specifically birth nutritional status and preterm delivery...
August 1, 2017: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
keyword
keyword
28714
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"