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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28633401/biomedical-text-mining-for-research-rigor-and-integrity-tasks-challenges-directions
#1
Halil Kilicoglu
An estimated quarter of a trillion US dollars is invested in the biomedical research enterprise annually. There is growing alarm that a significant portion of this investment is wasted because of problems in reproducibility of research findings and in the rigor and integrity of research conduct and reporting. Recent years have seen a flurry of activities focusing on standardization and guideline development to enhance the reproducibility and rigor of biomedical research. Research activity is primarily communicated via textual artifacts, ranging from grant applications to journal publications...
June 13, 2017: Briefings in Bioinformatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28628189/-a-statement-the-polish-cardiac-society-working-group-on-pulmonary-circulation-on-screening-for-cteph-patients-after-acute-pulmonary-embolism
#2
Michał Ciurzyński, Marcin Kurzyna, Grzegorz Kopeć, Piotr Błaszczak, Łukasz Chrzanowski, Karol Kamiński, Katarzyna Mizia-Stec, Tatiana Mularek-Kubzdela, Ewa Mroczek, Andrzej Biederman, Piotr Pruszczyk, Adam Torbicki
Both pharmacological and invasive treatment of chronic thromboembolic pulmonary hypertension (CTEPH) is now available in Poland and the awareness of the disease among physicians is growing. Thus, the Polish Cardiac Society's Working Group on Pulmonary Circulation in cooperation with independent experts in this field, have launched the statement on algorithm to guide a CTEPH diagnosis in patients with previous acute pulmonary embolism (APE). In Poland, every year this disease affects about 250 patients. CTEPH should be suspected in individuals after APE with dyspnea, despite at least 3 months period of effective anticoagulation, particularly when specified risk factors are present...
2017: Kardiologia Polska
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28614266/the-effect-of-public-reporting-presentation-on-patients-decision-making-an-experimental-survey-in-yunan-province-china
#3
Chenxi Liu, Yuqing Tang, Dan Wang, Xinping Zhang
Public reporting of comparative performance information (PRCPI) influence patients' decision making and optimal presentation of PRCPI is urgently required for successful patients' engagement and quality improvement. This study was to explore the presentation of PRCPI impacting on consumers' decision making.This research applied a controlled design, with participants allocated randomly to 6 groups, and a total of 515 participants were recruited in Yunnan province. Five aspects of PRCPI presentations were evaluated, including display (star rating vs numeric information), and whether information was simplified, interpreted, overload, or ranked...
June 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28592908/-how-do-polish-workers-respond-to-the-information-concerning-health-oriented-lifestyle
#4
Elżbieta Korzeniowska, Krzysztof Puchalski
BACKGROUND: Information overload, including commercial ones, about healthy lifestyle, is a challenge for perception of health education. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The empirical data gathered from 100 employees in 2010 by means of free interviews with a standardized list of required information, aimed at analyzing a feeling of pressure to lead a healthy lifestyle, including reactions to meassages provided by the media. RESULTS: Respondents feel pressure associated with a healthy lifestyle from doctors, the state, relatives, friends and themselves...
June 8, 2017: Medycyna Pracy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28589126/myocardial-architecture-mechanics-and-fibrosis-in-congenital-heart-disease
#5
REVIEW
Sarah Ghonim, Inga Voges, Peter D Gatehouse, Jennifer Keegan, Michael A Gatzoulis, Philip J Kilner, Sonya V Babu-Narayan
Congenital heart disease (CHD) is the most common category of birth defect, affecting 1% of the population and requiring cardiovascular surgery in the first months of life in many patients. Due to advances in congenital cardiovascular surgery and patient management, most children with CHD now survive into adulthood. However, residual and postoperative defects are common resulting in abnormal hemodynamics, which may interact further with scar formation related to surgical procedures. Cardiovascular magnetic resonance (CMR) has become an important diagnostic imaging modality in the long-term management of CHD patients...
2017: Frontiers in Cardiovascular Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28575124/seasonal-variation-in-hemodialysis-initiation-a-single-center-retrospective-analysis
#6
Yujiro Maeoka, Takayuki Naito, Taisuke Irifuku, Yuka Shimizu, Takahiko Ogawa, Takao Masaki
The number of new dialysis patients has been increasing worldwide, particularly among elderly individuals. However, information on seasonal variation in hemodialysis initiation in recent decades is lacking, and the seasonal distribution of patients' conditions immediately prior to starting dialysis remains unclear. Having this information could help in developing a modifiable approach to improving pre-dialysis care. We retrospectively investigated the records of 297 patients who initiated hemodialysis at Hiroshima Prefectural Hospital from January 1st, 2009 to December 31st, 2013...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28562064/technostress-measuring-a-new-threat-to-well-being-in-later-life
#7
Galit Nimrod
OBJECTIVES: Technostress is stress induced by Information and Communication Technology (ICT) use. Research on the topic has focused primarily on the workforce and tended to overlook senior citizens. This study presents the development of a new scale, which was designed to measure technostress specifically among older adults. METHOD: The scale explores five constructs: overload, invasion, complexity, privacy and inclusion. The initial 20-item measure was tested in a pilot study and then included in an online survey of 537 Internet users aged 60 years and over...
May 31, 2017: Aging & Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28538317/effects-of-inertial-setting-on-power-force-work-and-eccentric-overload-during-flywheel-resistance-exercise-in-women-and-men
#8
Luis M Martinez-Aranda, Rodrigo Fernandez-Gonzalo
Exercise load is a key component in determining end-point adaptations to resistance exercise. Yet, there is no information regarding the use of different inertia (i.e., loads) during isoinertial flywheel resistance exercise, a very popular high-intensity training model. Thus, this study examined power, work, force, and eccentric overload produced during flywheel resistance exercise with different inertial settings in men and women. Twenty-two women (n = 11) and men (n = 11) performed unilateral (in both legs) isolated concentric (CON) and coupled CON and eccentric (ECC) exercise in a flywheel knee extension device employing 6 inertias (0...
June 2017: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527880/intensive-monitoring-of-urine-output-is-associated-with-increased-detection-of-acute-kidney-injury-and-improved-outcomes
#9
Kui Jin, Raghavan Murugan, Florentina E Sileanu, Emily Foldes, Priyanka Priyanka, Gilles Clermont, John A Kellum
BACKGROUND: Urine output (UO) is a vital sign for critical ill patients but standards for monitoring and reporting vary widely between ICUs. Careful monitoring of UO could lead to earlier recognition of acute kidney injury (AKI) and better fluid management. We sought to determine if intensity of UO monitoring is associated with outcomes in patients with and without AKI. METHODS: Retrospective cohort study including 15,724 adults admitted to ICUs from 2000-2008. Intensive UO monitoring was defined as hourly recordings and no gaps >3 hours for the first 48 hours after ICU admission...
May 17, 2017: Chest
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28509863/a-fairness-oriented-neighbor-channel-aware-mac-protocol-for-airborne-sensor-networks
#10
Xiaolin Gao, Jian Yan, Jianhua Lu
In airborne sensor networks (ASNs), the media access control (MAC) protocol faces a serious unfairness problem due to the traditional protection mechanism of air-to-air communications among aircraft. Actually, by using the binary exponential back-off algorithm at high traffic loads to minimize collisions among users, the latest successful node can always benefit from this kind of MAC to obtain channel resources. Moreover, when taking the existence of the hidden nodes in ASNs into account, the inaccurate traffic load information will further aggravate the system's unfairness...
May 16, 2017: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28497231/t2-mapping-and-t2-imaging-in-heart-failure
#11
REVIEW
A S Lota, P D Gatehouse, R H Mohiaddin
Cardiovascular magnetic resonance (CMR) is a versatile imaging modality that enables aetiological assessment and provides additional information to that of standard echocardiography in a significant proportion of patients with heart failure. In addition to highly accurate and reproducible assessment of ventricular volumes and replacement fibrosis, multiparametric mapping techniques have rapidly evolved to further expand the diagnostic and prognostic applications in various conditions ranging from acute inflammatory and ischaemic cardiomyopathy, to cardiac involvement in systemic diseases such as sarcoidosis and iron overload cardiomyopathy...
May 11, 2017: Heart Failure Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28491307/better-sooner-more-convenient-the-reality-of-pursuing-greater-integration-between-primary-and-secondary-healthcare-providers-in-new-zealand
#12
Kirsten Lovelock, Greg Martin, Robin Gauld, Jayden MacRae
OBJECTIVES: This article focuses on the results of evaluations of two business plans developed in response to a policy initiative which aimed to achieve greater integration between primary and secondary health providers in New Zealand. We employ the Consolidated Framework for Implementation Research to inform our analysis. The Better, Sooner, More Convenient policy programme involved the development of business plans and, within each business plan, a range of areas of focus and associated work-streams...
2017: SAGE Open Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28484814/contemporary-approaches-to-perioperative-iv-fluid-therapy
#13
REVIEW
Paul S Myles, Sam Andrews, Jonathan Nicholson, Dileep N Lobo, Monty Mythen
BACKGROUND: Intravenous fluid therapy is required for most surgical patients, but inappropriate regimens are commonly prescribed. The aim of this narrative review was to provide evidence-based guidance on appropriate perioperative fluid management. METHOD: We did a systematic literature search of the literature to identify relevant studies and meta-analyses to develop recommendations. RESULTS: Of 275 retrieved articles, we identified 25 articles to inform this review...
May 8, 2017: World Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28468730/the-influence-of-decreased-hydraulic-retention-time-on-the-performance-and-stability-of-co-digestion-of-sewage-sludge-with-grease-trap-sludge-and-organic-fraction-of-municipal-waste
#14
Anna Grosser
The effect of hydraulic retention time ranging from 12 to 20 d on process performance and stability was investigated in two anaerobic completely stirred tank reactors with a working liquid volume equal to 6 litres. The reactors were fed with mixtures containing (on volatile solids basis): 40% of sewage sludge, 30% of organic fraction of municipal waste and 30% of grease trap sludge. The change of hydraulic retention time did not significantly affect process stability. However, methane yields as well as volatile solids removal decreased from 0...
April 30, 2017: Journal of Environmental Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28468707/examining-certified-nursing-assistants-perceptions-of-work-related-identity
#15
Jennifer A Gray, Valentina Lukyanova
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to examine certified nursing assistants' (CNAs') perceptions of their work identity within the context of their relationships with nursing facility residents and residents' family members. Such information can help clarify CNAs' roles and respond to their job needs. Although CNAs provide valuable care for residents, they often experience low status at work; it is important that they have opportunities to find value in their work. METHODS: Eight focus groups were conducted with 45 CNAs from 4 nursing facilities...
May 1, 2017: Creative Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28448453/working-memory-in-the-prefrontal-cortex
#16
REVIEW
Shintaro Funahashi
The prefrontal cortex participates in a variety of higher cognitive functions. The concept of working memory is now widely used to understand prefrontal functions. Neurophysiological studies have revealed that stimulus-selective delay-period activity is a neural correlate of the mechanism for temporarily maintaining information in working memory processes. The central executive, which is the master component of Baddeley's working memory model and is thought to be a function of the prefrontal cortex, controls the performance of other components by allocating a limited capacity of memory resource to each component based on its demand...
April 27, 2017: Brain Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28424602/assessing-the-driver-s-current-level-of-working-memory-load-with-high-density-functional-near-infrared-spectroscopy-a-realistic-driving-simulator-study
#17
Anirudh Unni, Klas Ihme, Meike Jipp, Jochem W Rieger
Cognitive overload or underload results in a decrease in human performance which may result in fatal incidents while driving. We envision that driver assistive systems which adapt their functionality to the driver's cognitive state could be a promising approach to reduce road accidents due to human errors. This research attempts to predict variations of cognitive working memory load levels in a natural driving scenario with multiple parallel tasks and to reveal predictive brain areas. We used a modified version of the n-back task to induce five different working memory load levels (from 0-back up to 4-back) forcing the participants to continuously update, memorize, and recall the previous 'n' speed sequences and adjust their speed accordingly while they drove for approximately 60 min on a highway with concurrent traffic in a virtual reality driving simulator...
2017: Frontiers in Human Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28411733/can-an-aircraft-be-piloted-via-sonification-with-an-acceptable-attentional-cost-a-comparison-of-blind-and-sighted-pilots
#18
Benoît Valéry, Sébastien Scannella, Vsevolod Peysakhovich, Pascal Barone, Mickaël Causse
In the aeronautics field, some authors have suggested that an aircraft's attitude sonification could be used by pilots to cope with spatial disorientation situations. Such a system is currently used by blind pilots to control the attitude of their aircraft. However, given the suspected higher auditory attentional capacities of blind people, the possibility for sighted individuals to use this system remains an open question. For example, its introduction may overload the auditory channel, which may in turn alter the responsiveness of pilots to infrequent but critical auditory warnings...
July 2017: Applied Ergonomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28411508/interventions-to-support-people-with-dementia-and-their-caregivers-during-the-transition-from-home-care-to-nursing-home-care-a-systematic-review
#19
REVIEW
Christian Müller, Sindy Lautenschläger, Gabriele Meyer, Astrid Stephan
BACKGROUND: During the transition of people with dementia from home to nursing home family caregivers often feel burdened. OBJECTIVES: We aimed to 1) identify interventions which support people with dementia and their caregivers in the transition from home care to nursing home care, 2) synthesize the evidence for efficacy of these interventions, and 3) examine whether the identified interventions have been systematically developed, evaluated and implemented according to the Medical Research Council guidance on complex interventions...
June 2017: International Journal of Nursing Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28409222/incidental-splenic-nodules-found-on-mr-imaging-done-for-assessment-of-iron-overload-in-children
#20
Rayan A Ahyad, Christopher Z Lam, Omid Shearkhani, Oscar M Navarro
BACKGROUND: MR imaging is used to assess iron overload in patients with hemoglobinopathies and in those who have undergone multiple blood transfusions. Sometimes splenic nodules are found incidentally on these examinations and this may cause diagnostic uncertainty. OBJECTIVE: To determine the prevalence, imaging characteristics and evolution of splenic nodules found on MR imaging for iron overload evaluation. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Retrospective review of all MR imaging examinations performed for iron overload assessment from 2005 to 2015 in a tertiary pediatric hospital...
April 13, 2017: Pediatric Radiology
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