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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149474/interventions-for-old-world-cutaneous-leishmaniasis
#1
REVIEW
Julio Heras-Mosteiro, Begoña Monge-Maillo, Mariona Pinart, Patricia Lopez Pereira, Emely Garcia-Carrasco, Pedro Campuzano Cuadrado, Ana Royuela, Irene Mendez Roman, Rogelio López-Vélez
BACKGROUND: Cutaneous leishmaniasis, caused by a parasitic infection, is considered one of the most serious skin diseases in many low- and middle-income countries. Old World cutaneous leishmaniasis (OWCL) is caused by species found in Africa, Asia, the Middle East, the Mediterranean, and India. The most commonly prescribed treatments are antimonials, but other drugs have been used with varying success. As OWCL tends to heal spontaneously, it is necessary to justify the use of systemic and topical treatments...
November 17, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29148258/influence-of-medical-insurance-schemes-and-charity-assistance-projects-on-regular-prophylaxis-treatment-of-the-boys-with-severe-haemophilia-a-in-china
#2
Z Li, J Wu, Y Zhao, R Liu, K Li, Y Zhou, R Wu, R Yang, X Zhang, S Lian, Q Hu, X Li, J Gu, R Zhou, J Sun, C Li, W Xu, M-C Poon, J Xiao
OBJECTIVE: To explore the influence of medical insurance policy and charity assistance projects on the uptake and discontinuation of regular prophylaxis treatment in Chinese severe haemophilia A children. METHODOLOGY: This retrospective study was conducted on children with severe haemophilia A, who received FVIII prophylaxis treatment at 12 haemophilia centres in China from 1 November 2007 to 31 May 2013. RESULTS: The average duration of prophylaxis treatment received by haemophilia children significantly increased from 16...
November 17, 2017: Haemophilia: the Official Journal of the World Federation of Hemophilia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29146601/airway-microbiota-across-age-and-disease-spectrum-in-cystic-fibrosis
#3
Edith T Zemanick, Brandie D Wagner, Charles E Robertson, Richard C Ahrens, James F Chmiel, John P Clancy, Ronald L Gibson, William T Harris, Geoffrey Kurland, Theresa A Laguna, Susanna A McColley, Karen McCoy, George Retsch-Bogart, Kurtis T Sobush, Pamela L Zeitlin, Mark J Stevens, Frank J Accurso, Scott D Sagel, J Kirk Harris
Our objectives were to characterise the microbiota in cystic fibrosis (CF) bronchoalveolar lavage fluid (BALF), and determine its relationship to inflammation and disease status.BALF from paediatric and adult CF patients and paediatric disease controls undergoing clinically indicated bronchoscopy was analysed for total bacterial load and for microbiota by 16S rDNA sequencing.We examined 191 BALF samples (146 CF and 45 disease controls) from 13 CF centres. In CF patients aged <2 years, nontraditional taxa (e...
November 2017: European Respiratory Journal: Official Journal of the European Society for Clinical Respiratory Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29146107/cardiovascular-anatomy-in-children-with-bidirectional-glenn-anastomosis-regarding-the-transcatheter-fontan-completion
#4
Aleksander Sizarov, Francesca Raimondi, Damien Bonnet, Younes Boudjemline
BACKGROUND: Transcatheter stent-secured completion of total cavopulmonary connection (TCPC) after surgical preparations during the Glenn anastomosis procedure has been reported, but complications from this approach have precluded its clinical acceptance. AIMS: To analyse cardiovascular morphology and dimensions in children with bidirectional Glenn anastomosis, regarding the optimal device design for transcatheter Fontan completion without special surgical "preconditionings"...
November 13, 2017: Archives of Cardiovascular Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29145817/family-context-and-individual-situation-of-teens-before-during-and-after-pregnancy-in-mexico-city
#5
Reyna Sámano, Hugo Martínez-Rojano, David Robichaux, Ana Lilia Rodríguez-Ventura, Bernarda Sánchez-Jiménez, Maria de la Luz Hoyuela, Estela Godínez, Selene Segovia
BACKGROUND: In the last 20 years, adolescent pregnancy has become one of the most critical problems affecting women in Latin America and the Caribbean. METHODS: This qualitative study was based on in-depth interviews with 29 teen mothers. All of the pregnant teens were from low- to lower-middle-class social strata in the Mexico City metropolitan area. The family (living with the girl) and the individual context of pregnant teens were analysed on the basis of data from at least three interviews: during pregnancy and at approximately 6 and 24 months following delivery...
November 16, 2017: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29145590/who-uses-foodbanks-and-why-exploring-the-impact-of-financial-strain-and-adverse-life-events-on-food-insecurity
#6
E Prayogo, A Chater, S Chapman, M Barker, N Rahmawati, T Waterfall, G Grimble
Background: Rising use of foodbanks highlights food insecurity in the UK. Adverse life events (e.g. unemployment, benefit delays or sanctions) and financial strains are thought to be the drivers of foodbank use. This research aimed to explore who uses foodbanks, and factors associated with increased food insecurity. Methods: We surveyed those seeking help from front line crisis providers from foodbanks (N = 270) and a comparison group from Advice Centres (ACs) (N = 245) in relation to demographics, adverse life events, financial strain and household food security...
November 14, 2017: Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29139037/prevalence-of-oral-lichen-planus-in-iranian-children-and-adolescents-a-12-year-retrospective-study
#7
S Bakhtiari, J B Taheri, P Toossi, S Azimi, Sh Kawosi Nezhad
AIM: To investigate the prevalence of oral lichen planus in patients younger than 18 years, referred to a dermatology centre in Iran during 2002-2014. Lichen planus is a chronic inflammatory, immune-mediated disease that could affect the oral mucosa and is a pre-cancerous condition. The disease usually develops in middle age with female predominance and is rare in children. METHODS: In this retrospective study, cases with definitive histopathologic diagnosis of lichen planus, over a 12-year period from 2002 to 2014 from a dermatologic hospital archive were evaluated...
November 14, 2017: European Archives of Paediatric Dentistry: Official Journal of the European Academy of Paediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29138642/observation-of-blood-donor-recipient-malaria-parasitaemia-patterns-in-a-malaria-endemic-region
#8
Jamilu Abdullahi Faruk, Gboye Olufemi Ogunrinde, Aisha Indo Mamman
Background: Asymptomatic malaria parasitaemia has been documented in donor blood in West Africa. However, donated blood is not routinely screened for malaria parasites (MPs). The present study therefore aimed to document the frequency of blood transfusion-induced donor-recipient malaria parasitaemia patterns, in children receiving blood transfusion in a tertiary health-centre. Methodology: A cross-sectional, observational study involving 140 children receiving blood transfusion was carried out...
2017: Journal of Tropical Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29135910/sleep-disordered-breathing-in-children-with-recurrent-wheeze-asthma-a-single-centre-study
#9
Marco Zaffanello, Emma Gasperi, Laura Tenero, Michele Piazza, Angelo Pietrobelli, Luca Sacchetto, Franco Antoniazzi, Giorgio Piacentini
The relationship between asthma and sleep-disordered breathing is bidirectional due to common risk factors that promote airway inflammation. Obstructive sleep-disordered breathing and recurrent wheeze/asthma are conditions that involve the upper and the lower respiratory system, respectively. The aim of the present study was to investigate the sleep disordered breathing in children with recurrent wheeze/asthma. This was a retrospective study concerning children older than 2 years who underwent-between January 2014 and November 2016-an in-laboratory overnight polygraphic study...
November 14, 2017: Children
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29134715/relationship-between-follicular-volume-and-oocyte-competence-blastocyst-development-and-live-birth-rate-optimal-follicle-size-for-oocyte-retrieval
#10
Barbara Wirleitner, Jasmin Okhowat, Lucie Vištejnová, Milena Králíčková, Marie Karlíková, Pierre Vanderzwalmen, Fabien Ectors, Libor Hradecký, Maximilian Schuff, Maximilian Murtinger
OBJECTIVES: To analyse the oocyte competence in GnRHa stimulation cycles with regard to maturity, fertilization and blastocyst rate and clinical outcome (pregnancy and live birth rate) in correlation to follicular volume measured by 3D sonography and follicular fluid composition. METHODS: This was a prospective single-centre study conducted in the period June 2012 - June 2014 including 118 ovum pick-ups (OPUs) with subsequent embryo transfers (ET). Out of 1,493 aspirated follicles we analysed 1,236 follicles and traced oocytes grouped according to follicular volume...
November 14, 2017: Ultrasound in Obstetrics & Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29131725/contraceptive-knowledge-use-and-intentions-of-malawian-women-undergoing-obstetric-fistula-repair
#11
Dawn M Kopp, Angela Bengtson, Jeffrey Wilkinson, Ennet Chipungu, Margaret Moyo, Jennifer H Tang
OBJECTIVES: Unintended pregnancy contributes to morbidities, such as obstetric fistula. Furthermore, after fistula repair, women should avoid pregnancy for a year to prevent its breakdown. Our study objective was to evaluate the contraceptive knowledge, practices and intentions of women undergoing obstetric fistula repair at a centre in Malawi. METHODS: This cross-sectional study used a standardised survey to examine the contraceptive knowledge, practices and intentions of women undergoing obstetric fistula repair in Lilongwe, Malawi, between September 2011 and November 2014...
November 13, 2017: European Journal of Contraception & Reproductive Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29131410/primary-antibiotic-resistance-of-helicobacter-pylori-strains-among-adults-and-children-in-a-tertiary-referral-centre-in-lithuania
#12
Gintare Dargiene, Juozas Kupcinskas, Laimas Jonaitis, Mindaugas Vezbavicius, Edmundas Kadusevicius, Eugenija Kupcinskiene, Tove Havnhoj Frandsen, Ruta Kucinskiene, Limas Kupcinskas, Leif Percival Andersen
The study evaluated primary antibiotic resistance of Helicobacter pylori within the period 2013-2015 and trends of antibiotic consumption over the last decade in Lithuania; 242 adults and 55 children were included in the study. E-tests were performed for amoxicillin, metronidazole, clarithromycin, ciprofloxacin, rifampicin and tetracycline. The presence of H. pylori and clarithromycin resistance was additionally tested by PCR. Helicobacter pylori culture was positive in 67 of 242 (28%) adult and in 12 of 55 (21...
November 13, 2017: APMIS: Acta Pathologica, Microbiologica, et Immunologica Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29130583/endoscopic-retrograde-cholangio-pancreatography-in-the-management-of-biliary-complications-after-paediatric-liver-transplantation
#13
Sivaramakrishnan Venkatesh Karthik, Seng-Hock Quak, Marion M Aw
BACKGROUND: The published paediatric experience with Endoscopic retrograde cholangio-pancreatography (ERCP) in the diagnosis and management of biliary complications following liver transplantation (LT) is limited. AIMS: We describe our experience with ERCP in the management of children following LT who presented with biliary complications, over a 20 year period (1995-2014). METHODS: The retrospectively reviewed data is summarized descriptively...
November 11, 2017: Transplant International: Official Journal of the European Society for Organ Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29129487/-evaluation-of-dysphagia-results-after-one-year-of-incorporating-videofluoroscopy-into-its-study-introduction
#14
Ruth García Romero, Ignacio Ros Arnal, María José Romea Montañés, José Antonio López Calahorra, Cristina Gutiérrez Alonso, Beatriz Izquierdo Hernández, Carlos Martín de Vicente
INTRODUCTION: Dysphagia is very common in children with neurological disabilities. These patients usually suffer from respiratory and nutritional problems. The videofluoroscopic swallowing study (VFSS) is the most recommended test to evaluate dysphagia, as it shows the real situation during swallowing. OBJECTIVES: To analyse the results obtained in our centre after one year of the implementation of VFSS, the clinical improvement after confirmation, and the prescription of an individualised treatment for the patients affected...
November 9, 2017: Anales de Pediatría: Publicación Oficial de la Asociación Española de Pediatría (A.E.P.)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29128708/childhood-brain-tumours-early-infections-and-immune-stimulation-a-pooled-analysis-of-the-escale-and-estelle-case-control-studies-sfce-france
#15
Judith E Lupatsch, Helen D Bailey, Brigitte Lacour, Christelle Dufour, Anne-Isabelle Bertozzi, Pierre Leblond, Cécile Faure-Conter, Isabelle Pellier, Claire Freycon, François Doz, Stéphanie Puget, Stéphane Ducassou, Laurent Orsi, Jacqueline Clavel
BACKGROUND: Few studies have investigated whether early infections and factors potentially related to early immune stimulation might be involved in the aetiology of childhood brain tumours (CBT). In this study, we investigated the associations between CBT with early day-care attendance, history of early common infections, atopic conditions (asthma/wheezing, eczema, allergic rhinitis), early farm residence/visits and contact with animals. METHODS: We pooled data from two nationwide French case-control studies, the ESCALE and ESTELLE studies...
November 10, 2017: Cancer Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29125509/developing-a-community-based-service-model-listening-to-the-needs-of-all-beneficiaries-and-providers
#16
Katrina Collins
PURPOSE: To inform the strategic and operational development of a community based service model at the Crann Centre, Cork, Ireland for SB children, adults, their families and providers. A needs assessment was conducted by gathering the views of multiple stakeholder perspectives within the SB community in the geographical region the Centre will serve. The intention is to create project deliverables that are responsive to the needs highlighted through this research. METHODS: The study used a multi method design with a participatory research approach to explore the needs of SB individuals, families and providers...
October 20, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29125229/observational-review-of-paediatric-intraosseous-needle-placement-in-the-paediatric-emergency-department
#17
Elysha L Pifko, Amanda Price, Carrie Busch, Curren Smith, Yunyun Jiang, Joseph Dobson, Rachel Tuuri
AIM: Intraosseous (IO) access is a life-saving option during resuscitations in the paediatric emergency department (PED). This study aimed to compare success rates and time to placement for Manual IO versus EZ-IO needles in PED patients ≤8 and >8 kg. METHODS: This was a retrospective cross-sectional descriptive study of IO use in a single-centre tertiary PED from 2006 to 2014. Cases were identified through diagnosis codes for IO infusion, cardiopulmonary resuscitation and cardiac arrest and admissions to the intensive care unit...
November 10, 2017: Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29125217/an-evaluation-of-the-impact-of-fifa-world-cup-on-soccer-emergency-department-injuries-among-montreal-adolescents
#18
Glenn Keays, Debbie Friedman, Marianne Beaudin, Isabelle Gagnon
AIM: The 'trickle-down effect', or how major sports events have a positive impact on sports participation, has been the subject of many studies, but none produced conclusive results. We took a different approach and rather than look at sports participation, we used injuries as a proxy and see if injuries increased, or remained the same, after the International Federation of Association Football World Cup. METHODS: Using a retrospective cohort design, we looked at the injuries suffered by males and females (13-16 years old) while playing team sports in Montreal, that occurred in May to July, from 1999 to 2014...
November 10, 2017: Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29123377/parents-views-on-their-children-s-use-of-eye-drops-and-willingness-to-accept-a-new-sustained-release-subconjunctival-injection
#19
Semra Ozdemir, Hong King Wu, Eric A Finkelstein, Tina T Wong
Aim: The objectives of this study were to explore parents' views about their children's use of regular eye drops and whether they would consider a sustained-release subconjunctival injection as a replacement for daily drops. Methods: A survey was conducted with 134 parents of children with chronic eye diseases at the Singapore National Eye Centre. Parents were asked their views about their children's use of eye drops and were then presented with a discrete choice experiment that, via a series of trade-off tasks, allowed for estimating demand for a series of hypothetical subconjunctival injections that varied along product features, including interval between administrations, risk of complications, out-of-pocket cost and whether it is recommended by the patient's treating physician...
2017: Clinical Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29123343/multiple-nutritional-deficiencies-in-cerebral-palsy-compounding-physical-and-functional-impairments
#20
P G Hariprasad, K E Elizabeth, Mathew J Valamparampil, D Kalpana, T S Anish
Introduction: Cerebral palsy (CP) refers to a spectrum of disorders causing physical and intellectual morbidity. Macro and micro nutrient deficiencies often contribute to the subnormal physical and mental capabilities of them. Objectives: To assess the growth, nutritional status, physical and functional ability and quality of life in cerebral palsy children and to determine any relation with their gross motor and functional capabilities. Method: The study was conducted at a Tertiary Care Centre, with the participants in the age group 1-16 years...
October 2017: Indian Journal of Palliative Care
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