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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28339460/evaluating-implementation-of-a-fire-prevention-injury-prevention-briefing-in-children-s-centres-cluster-randomised-controlled-trial
#1
Toity Deave, Adrian Hawkins, Arun Kumar, Mike Hayes, Nicola Cooper, Michael Watson, Joanne Ablewhite, Carol Coupland, Alex Sutton, Gosia Majsak-Newman, Lisa McDaid, Trudy Goodenough, Kate Beckett, Elaine McColl, Richard Reading, Denise Kendrick
BACKGROUND: Many developed countries have high mortality rates for fire-related deaths in children aged 0-14 years with steep social gradients. Evidence-based interventions to promote fire safety practices exist, but the impact of implementing a range of these interventions in children's services has not been assessed. We developed an Injury Prevention Briefing (IPB), which brought together evidence about effective fire safety interventions and good practice in delivering interventions; plus training and facilitation to support its use and evaluated its implementation...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28339159/differences-in-survival-outcome-for-severely-injured-paediatric-trauma-by-type-of-trauma-centre
#2
Rebecca J Mitchell, Kate Curtis, Luke Testa, Andrew Ja Holland, Soundappan Sv Soundappan, Sarah Adams
AIM: Whether treatment at paediatric trauma centres (PTCs) provides a survival advantage for injured children over treatment at adult trauma centres (ATCs) remains inconclusive. This study examines the association between trauma centre type and in-hospital mortality for severely injured paediatric trauma patients in New South Wales, Australia. METHODS: A retrospective examination of paediatric patient characteristics (aged ≤15 years), treatment and injury outcome was conducted using data from the New South Wales Trauma Registry for 2009-2014...
March 24, 2017: Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28335639/a-teachers-training-program-accompanying-the-school-fruit-scheme-fruit-distribution-improves-children-s-adherence-to-the-mediterranean-diet-an-italian-trial
#3
Romana Roccaldo, Laura Censi, Laura D'Addezio, Sibilla Berni Canani, Laura Gennaro
The effects of a nutrition education program, led by trained teachers within the Italian School Fruit Scheme, were evaluated. Pre-post intervention children's adherence to the Mediterranean diet (MD) was assessed by the KIDMED test. A representative cluster sample of 494 fourth grade students from thirteen Italian schools in the three areas of low (North), medium (Centre) and high (South) prevalence of overweight and obesity was investigated. Within the same schools, the intervention group (n = 395) received the program, the control group (n = 99) did not...
March 23, 2017: International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28333770/the-diagnostic-yield-of-upper-and-lower-gastrointestinal-endoscopies-in-children-in-a-tertiary-centre
#4
M Thomson, S Sharma
INTRODUCTION: Endoscopy is integral to the diagnosis and management of many gastrointestinal problems in children. Recently the number of endoscopic procedures performed has increased considerably worldwide raising questions about their appropriateness and cost-efficacy. OBJECTIVES: METHODS:: Random selection of cases from a theatre electronic database from a 30 month period covering April 2012 to October 2014. The data was collected for: initial presenting symptoms; age at diagnosis; indications for endoscopy; endoscopic findings; histopathological findings; and any change in management post-endoscopic procedure...
March 22, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28333295/drug-resistance-in-antiretroviral-naive-children-newly-diagnosed-with-hiv-1-in-manaus-amazonas
#5
Solange Dourado de Andrade, Meritxell Sabidó, Wuelton Marcelo Monteiro, Adele Schwartz Benzaken, Amilcar Tanuri
Objectives: To determine the prevalence of drug resistance mutations (DRM), the prevalence of drug susceptibility [transmitted drug resistance (TDR)] and the prevalence of HIV-1 variants among treatment-naive HIV-infected children in Manaus, Amazonas state, Brazil. Methods: Children born to HIV-infected mothers and diagnosed with HIV in an HIV reference service centre and with available pol sequence between 2010 and 2015 prior to antiretroviral initiation were included...
March 13, 2017: Journal of Antimicrobial Chemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28332328/paediatric-high-flow-nasal-cannula-therapy-in-children-with-bronchiolitis-a-retrospective-safety-and-efficacy-study-in-a-non-tertiary-environment
#6
Michelle Davison, Mike Watson, Leesa Wockner, Frances Kinnear
OBJECTIVE: The objective was to examine the safety and efficacy of high-flow nasal cannula (HFNC) therapy for children with bronchiolitis in a non-tertiary paediatric setting. METHODS: This was a single-centre retrospective study conducted over 26 months (March 2013-April 2015) on children aged 1-23 months with suspected bronchiolitis, who commenced on HFNC therapy in either the ED or the ward. Changes with respect to baseline data were analysed for effect on work of breathing (WOB), heart rate (HR) and respiratory rate (RR)...
April 2017: Emergency Medicine Australasia: EMA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28332028/infection-profile-in-chronic-granulomatous-disease-a-23-year-experience-from-a-tertiary-care-center-in-north-india
#7
Amit Rawat, Pandiarajan Vignesh, Avinash Sharma, Jitendra K Shandilya, Madhubala Sharma, Deepti Suri, Anju Gupta, Vikas Gautam, Pallab Ray, Shivaprakash M Rudramurthy, Arunaloke Chakrabarti, Kohsuke Imai, Shigeaki Nonoyama, Osamu Ohara, Yu L Lau, Surjit Singh
PURPOSE: Chronic granulomatous disease (CGD) is an inherited phagocytic disorder characterized by recurrent infections with usually catalase-positive organisms. Infections in CGD from developing countries are expected to be different from those in the Western countries. We report the profile of infections in children diagnosed with CGD from a tertiary care center in North India. METHODOLOGY: Case records of children diagnosed with CGD at Pediatric Immunodeficiency Clinic, Advanced Pediatrics Centre, Postgraduate Institute of Medical Education and Research, Chandigarh, India, from August 1993 to April 2016 (23 years) were analyzed...
March 22, 2017: Journal of Clinical Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28331982/autoantibodies-in-children-with-juvenile-dermatomyositis-a-single-centre-experience-from-north-west-india
#8
Altaf Hussain, Amit Rawat, Ankur Kumar Jindal, Anju Gupta, Surjit Singh
The objective of this study is to determine autoantibody profile in children with juvenile dermatomyositis (JDM). Children who were diagnosed with JDM (either recently diagnosed during the study period or follow-up patients) were included in the study. Autoantibodies were detected with commercially available Immunodot kit. Thirty patients were included in the study. Nine out of thirty patients (30%) were positive for one of the 12 autoantibodies tested. Anti-SRP antibody was most common antibody detected in 3 patients followed by anti-MDA-5 antibody in 2 patients; while anti-Jo1 antibody, anti-TIF1-γ antibody, anti-Mi-2 antibody, and anti-PM-Scl antibody were positive in 1 patient each...
March 22, 2017: Rheumatology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28330630/the-prevalence-of-undernutrition-upon-hospitalization-in-children-in-a-developing-country-a-single-hospital-study-from-malaysia
#9
Way-Seah Lee, Zulfadly Ahmad
BACKGROUND: Undernourished children who require hospital care have a longer duration of hospitalization and respond poorly to modern medical therapy. The objective of the present study was to ascertain the nutritional status of children admitted to a pediatric tertiary center in Malaysia and the risk factors leading to undernutrition upon admission. METHODS: In this cross-sectional, hospital-based study, anthropometric measurements [weight, length/height, mid-upper arm circumference (MUAC), triceps skinfold thickness were performed in 285 children aged from 3 months to 15 years who were admitted to University Malaya Medical Centre, Kuala Lumpur in November 2013...
February 17, 2017: Pediatrics and Neonatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28329430/maintaining-family-life-balance-while-facing-a-child-s-imminent-death-a-mixed-methods-study
#10
Katri Eskola, Eva Bergstraesser, Karin Zimmermann, Eva Cignacco
AIM: To understand parents' experiences and needs during a child's end-of-life care at home and to identify systemic factors that influence its provision. BACKGROUND: A child's end-of-life phase is an extremely difficult time for the whole family. Parents have specific needs, especially when they care for a dying child at home. DESIGN: Concurrent embedded mixed methods design. METHODS: This sub-study of the nationwide survey, 'Paediatric End-of-Life Care Needs in Switzerland' (2012-2015) included 47 children who received EOL care at home from 2011-2012...
March 22, 2017: Journal of Advanced Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28327478/effectiveness-of-symptom-screening-and-incidence-of-tuberculosis-among-adults-and-children-living-with-hiv-infection-in-india
#11
C Padmapriyadarsini, P K Bhavani, L Sekar, M Selvaraj, N Poornagangadevi, S N Mothi, K Nandagopal, S Vennila, G K Priyadarshini, Mahesh Manisha, G Sanjeeva, Upasna Agarwal, E Suresh, B B Rewari, Soumya Swaminathan
BACKGROUND: WHO recommends the use of a simplified symptom-based algorithm for screening for tuberculosis (TB) among people living with HIV (PLHIV). We assessed the feasibility and effectiveness of this algorithm and determined the prevalence and incidence of TB among PLHIV attending antiretroviral treatment (ART) centres in India. METHODS: We did a prospective multicentric implementation research study in four states of India. To rule out TB, we administered the WHO symptom-screen algorithm to all PLHIV every month for 6 months...
November 2016: National Medical Journal of India
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28326599/functional-dyspepsia-is-associated-with-duodenal-eosinophilia-in-an-australian-paediatric-cohort
#12
L Wauters, S Nightingale, N J Talley, B Sulaiman, M M Walker
BACKGROUND: The pathophysiology of functional dyspepsia (FD) remains unknown. Duodenal eosinophil infiltration has been reported. AIM: To assess the association between dyspeptic symptoms and duodenal eosinophilia in children undergoing upper gastrointestinal endoscopy. METHODS: In this retrospective cohort study, children with normal upper endoscopy and routine histology at a single tertiary paediatric centre between 2010 and 2014 were included...
March 21, 2017: Alimentary Pharmacology & Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28326571/family-centred-service-differences-in-what-parents-of-children-with-cerebral-palsy-rate-important
#13
M Terwiel, M W Alsem, R C Siebes, K Bieleman, M Verhoef, M Ketelaar
BACKGROUND: A family-centred approach to services of children with disabilities is widely accepted as the foundational approach to service delivery in paediatric health care. The 56 items of the Measure of Processes of Care questionnaire (MPOC-56) all reflect elements of family-centred service. In this study, we investigated which elements of family-centred service are rated important by parents of children with cerebral palsy by adding a question on importance to each item of the MPOC-56 (MPOC-56-I)...
March 22, 2017: Child: Care, Health and Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28326155/dental-plaque-microbial-profiles-of-children-from-khartoum-sudan-with-congenital-heart-defects
#14
Hiba Mohamed Ali, Ellen Berggreen, Daniel Nguyen, Raouf Wahab Ali, Thomas E Van Dyke, Hatice Hasturk, Manal Mustafa
Few studies have focused on the bacterial species associated with the deterioration of the dental and gingival health of children with congenital heart defects (CHD). The aims of this study were (1) to examine the dental plaque of children with CHD in order to quantify bacterial load and altered bacterial composition compared with children without CHD; and (2) to investigate the correlation between the level of caries and gingivitis and dental biofilm bacteria among those children. In this cross-sectional study, participants were children (3-12 years) recruited in Khartoum State, Sudan...
2017: Journal of Oral Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28325082/-i-do-like-the-activities-which-i-can-do%C3%A2-leisure-participation-experiences-of-children-with-movement-impairments
#15
Parimala S Kanagasabai, Hilda Mulligan, Leigh A Hale, Brigit Mirfin-Veitch
AIM: To explore in depth the leisure participation experiences of children with movement impairments. METHODS: We used Interpretative Phenomenological Analysis approach to interpret and understand the experiences of 22 children with movement impairments, aged between 6 and 12 years. Children expressed their views through flexible child-centred methods of data collection that allowed the children to draw, paint, use stickers, and demonstrate their leisure activities and equipment while communicating about their experiences...
March 21, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28324183/multimodality-management-and-outcomes-of-brain-arterio-venous-malformations-avms-in-children-personal-experience-and-review-of-the-literature-with-specific-emphasis-on-age-at-first-avm-bleed
#16
REVIEW
Anan Shtaya, John Millar, Owen Sparrow
PURPOSE: The purpose of this paper is to study the presentation and analyse the results of multimodality treatment of brain arterio-venous malformations (AVMs) in children at our centre and review age at first AVM rupture in the literature. METHODS: Of 52 patients aged <18 years, 47 with brain AVMs (27 males and 20 females) aged 4-17 years (mean 12.2) were retrospectively reviewed. PubMed search revealed five additional studies including 267 patients where the prevalence of age-related AVMs rupture was analysed...
March 21, 2017: Child's Nervous System: ChNS: Official Journal of the International Society for Pediatric Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28322432/bilateral-congenital-deafness-what-investigations-should-be-performed
#17
Nicolas Gürtler, Claudine Gysin, Nevenka Schmid, Claudia Pieren, Mattheus Vischer, Stefan Schumacher, Peter Oppermann, Daniel Leuba, Dorothée Veraguth
BACKGROUND: The introduction of newborn hearing screening has led to earlier identification of children with congenital sensorineural hearing loss (SNHL). Aetiological clarification offers several benefits. There is currently a lack of agreement on which examinations should be recommended. OBJECTIVE: Descriptive review of the literature reporting investigations performed to establish the aetiology of congenital SNHL and comparison of the management policy in Swiss referral centres...
March 21, 2017: Swiss Medical Weekly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28322356/efficacy-of-motivational-interviewing-in-conjunction-with-caries-risk-assessment-micra-programmes-in-improving-the-dental-health-status-of-preschool-children-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#18
Saruta Saengtipbovorn
PURPOSE: To assess the efficacy of motivational interviewing in conjuction with a caries risk assessment (MICRA) programme to improve the dental health status of preschool children. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A randomised controlled trial was conducted among 214 parents or caregivers and their children at Health Centre 54, Bangkok, Thailand, from September 2015 to February 2016. The participants were randomised to the intervention and the control groups (107 participants per group)...
March 20, 2017: Oral Health & Preventive Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28321962/psychosocial-care-for-children-with-haemophilia-and-their-parents-in-the-netherlands
#19
REVIEW
P F Limperg, L Haverman, M Beijlevelt, M van der Pot, G Zaal, W A de Boer, K Fijnvandraat, M Peters, M A Grootenhuis
INTRODUCTION: Children growing up with haemophilia are at greater risk for psychosocial problems than their healthy peers. Providing psychosocial care to children with haemophilia and their families is indispensable, since psychosocial factors can have a significant impact on health and health-related quality of life (HRQOL). AIMS: Our aim was to give a description of psychosocial care provided by the multidisciplinary team of the Hemophilia Comprehensive Care Centre (HCCC) at the Emma Children's Hospital in Amsterdam, the Netherlands...
March 21, 2017: Haemophilia: the Official Journal of the World Federation of Hemophilia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28320633/nutritional-status-nutrient-intake-and-use-of-enzyme-supplements-in-paediatric-patients-with-cystic-fibrosis-a-european-multicentre-study-with-reference-to-current-guidelines
#20
Joaquim Calvo-Lerma, Jessie M Hulst, Inês Asseiceira, Ine Claes, Maria Garriga, Carla Colombo, Victoria Fornés, Sandra Woodcock, Tiago Martins, Mieke Boon, Mar Ruperto, Sylvia Walet, Chiara Speziali, Peter Witters, Etna Masip, Celeste Barreto, Kris de Boeck, Carmen Ribes-Koninckx
BACKGROUND: The New European guidelines have established the most updated recommendations on nutrition and pancreatic enzyme replacement therapy (PERT) in CF. In the context of MyCyFAPP project - a European study in children with CF aimed at developing specific tools for improvement of self-management - the objective of the current study was to assess nutritional status, daily energy and macronutrient intake, and PERT dosing with reference to these new guidelines. METHODS: Cross sectional study in paediatric patients with CF from 6 European centres...
March 17, 2017: Journal of Cystic Fibrosis: Official Journal of the European Cystic Fibrosis Society
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