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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28432881/improvement-in-cadmium-tolerance-of-edible-rape-brassica-rapa-l-with-exogenous-application-of-chitooligosaccharide
#1
Haiying Zong, Kecheng Li, Song Liu, Lin Song, Ronge Xing, Xiaolin Chen, Pengcheng Li
Cadmium (Cd) is one of the most toxic heavy metals, which is readily taken up by plant roots and has deleterious effects on crop yield and quality. The study investigated the potential cross-protection roles of chitooligosaccharide (COS) in alleviating Cd toxicity in edible rape (Brassica rapa L.) under greenhouse conditions. The results demonstrated that spraying COS onto the leaves of edible rape could promote the plant growth and leaf chlorophyll contents, decrease the malondialdehyde (MDA) level in leaves as well as the Cd(2+) concentration in shoots and roots of edible rape under Cd stress...
April 7, 2017: Chemosphere
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28430897/genetic-variants-associated-with-the-root-system-architecture-of-oilseed-rape-brassica-napus-l-under-contrasting-phosphate-supply
#2
Xiaohua Wang, Yanling Chen, Catherine L Thomas, Guangda Ding, Ping Xu, Dexu Shi, Fabian Grandke, Kemo Jin, Hongmei Cai, Fangsen Xu, Bin Yi, Martin R Broadley, Lei Shi
Breeding crops with ideal root system architecture for efficient absorption of phosphorus is an important strategy to reduce the use of phosphate fertilizers. To investigate genetic variants leading to changes in root system architecture, 405 oilseed rape cultivars were genotyped with a 60K Brassica Infinium SNP array in low and high P environments. A total of 285 single-nucleotide polymorphisms were associated with root system architecture traits at varying phosphorus levels. Nine single-nucleotide polymorphisms corroborate a previous linkage analysis of root system architecture quantitative trait loci in the BnaTNDH population...
April 19, 2017: DNA Research: An International Journal for Rapid Publication of Reports on Genes and Genomes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28428310/complete-genome-sequence-of-pseudomonas-protegens-h78-a-plant-growth-promoting-rhizobacterium
#3
Xianqing Huang, Zheng Wang, Yujie Liu, Xuehong Zhang
The plant growth-promoting rhizobacterium Pseudomonas protegens H78, which was isolated from the rhizosphere of oilseed rape in Shanghai, can produce a large array of antibiotics with a broad spectrum of activities. Here, we report the annotated complete genome sequence of P. protegens H78.
April 20, 2017: Genome Announcements
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28426319/the-monetary-cost-of-sexual-assault-to-privately-insured-us-women-in-2013
#4
Ashley M Tennessee, Tamala S Bradham, Brandi M White, Kit N Simpson
OBJECTIVES: To determine whether privately insured female rape victims were billed for charges associated with a specific rape in the United States. METHODS: We examined 2013 de-identified patient data from Truven Analytics Health MarketScan database for an assault that occurred by using International Classification of Diseases, Ninth Revision, code E960.1. RESULTS: Analysis of insurance providers' payment patterns for 1355 incident events to female victims aged between 16 and 61 years revealed that victims remit, on average, 14% or $948 of the rape cost, whereas insurance providers pay 86% or $5789 of the total cost...
April 20, 2017: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28424253/identification-of-acute-hiv-1-infection-by-hologic-aptima-hiv-1-rna-qualitative-assay
#5
Mark M Manak, Leigh Anne Eller, Jennifer Malia, Linda L Jagodzinski, Rapee Trichavaroj, Joseph Oundo, Cornelia Lueer, Fatim Cham, Mark de Souza, Nelson L Michael, Merlin L Robb, Sheila A Peel
The Hologic Aptima HIV-1 Qualitative RNA assay was used in a rigorous screening approach designed to identify individuals at the earliest stage of HIV-1 infection for enrollment into subsequent studies of cellular and viral events in early infection (RV217/Early Capture HIV Cohort - ECHO Study). Volunteers at high risk of HIV-1 infection were recruited from study sites in Thailand, Tanzania, Uganda and Kenya with high HIV-1 prevalence rates among the populations examined. Small volume blood samples were collected by finger-stick at twice-weekly intervals and tested by Aptima...
April 19, 2017: Journal of Clinical Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28416063/-repetitive-transcranial-magnetic-stimulation-treatment-for-post-traumatic-stress-disorder
#6
Bo Søndergaard Jensen, Mahmoud Ashkanian
Approximately 10% of combat soldiers and 30% of rape victims develop post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD). Repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) is already known to be safe in depression treatment. Research results of the past 15 years indicate that rTMS induced to the right dorsolateral prefrontal cortex may have a potential to treat the symptoms of PTSD. Furthermore, high-frequency rTMS seems to be superior to low-frequency rTMS. The effect of rTMS on PTSD symptoms could be mediated by increasing the level of brain-derived neurotrophic factor...
April 17, 2017: Ugeskrift for Laeger
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28411050/impact-of-wet-aerobic-pretreatments-on-cellulose-accessibility-and-bacterial-communities-in-rape-straw
#7
Jiang-Hao Tian, Anne-Marie Pourcher, Ariane Bize, Alaa Wazeri, Pascal Peu
A new pretreatment method of lignocellulosic biomass was explored by using a wet aerobic process with an alkaline lignin and a mineral salt solution. This treatment significantly improved structural modification of rape straw used as substrate model in this study. Change in cellulose accessibility to cellulase of rape straw rose up to six fold within the first days of this pretreatment without generated significant modification of van Soest lignocellulose fractionation. The biological pretreatment apply to rape straw induced a high microbial activity revealed by quantitative PCR and sequencing techniques, suggesting that bacteria including Xanthomonadales and Sphingobacteriales may be involved in this lignocellulosic biomass transformation...
March 27, 2017: Bioresource Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28409768/woman-to-woman-rape-and-sexual-assault-and-its-impact-upon-the-occupation-of-work-victim-survivors-life-roles-of-worker-or-student-as-disruptive-and-preservative
#8
Rebecca Twinley
BACKGROUND: Woman-to-woman rape and sexual assault globally remains largely unknown and unaddressed. Expectedly, victim/survivors often cope alone, or with limited support, in the traumatic aftermath of their sexual victimisation. Work is one occupation that is impacted upon at this time. OBJECTIVE: The study explored the perceived impacts of woman-to-woman rape and sexual assault, the subsequent experience of disclosure, reaction, and support, and the consequences for victim/survivors' subjective experience of occupation...
April 12, 2017: Work: a Journal of Prevention, Assessment, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28405304/reduced-abundance-and-earlier-collection-of-bumble-bee-workers-under-intensive-cultivation-of-a-mass-flowering-prairie-crop
#9
Paul Galpern, Sarah A Johnson, Jennifer L Retzlaff, Danielle Chang, John Swann
One of the most commonly seeded crops in Canada is canola, a cultivar of oilseed rape (Brassica napus). As a mass-flowering crop grown intensively throughout the Canadian Prairies, canola has the potential to influence pollinator success across tens of thousands of square kilometers of cropland. Bumble bees (Bombus sp.) are efficient pollinators of many types of native and crop plants. We measured the influence of this mass-flowering crop on the abundance and phenology of bumble bees, and on another species of social bee (a sweat bee; Halictus rubicundus), by continuously deploying traps at different levels of canola cultivation intensity, spanning the start and end of canola bloom...
April 2017: Ecology and Evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28393632/increasing-response-rates-to-follow-up-questionnaires-in-health-intervention-research-randomized-controlled-trial-of-a-gift-card-prize-incentive
#10
Amy J Morgan, Ronald M Rapee, Jordana K Bayer
Background/aims Achieving a high response rate to follow-up questionnaires in randomized controlled trials of interventions is important for study validity. Few studies have tested the value of incentives in increasing response rates to online questionnaires in clinical trials of health interventions. This study evaluated the effect of a gift card prize-draw incentive on response rates to follow-up questionnaires within a trial of an online health intervention. Method The study was embedded in a host randomized controlled trial of an online parenting program for child anxiety...
April 1, 2017: Clinical Trials: Journal of the Society for Clinical Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28390329/child-sexual-abuse-presenting-to-district-general-hospital-chilaw
#11
M D Chandrasiri, D K Wijewardena, S D Lanerolle, S E Chandrasiri, K P Wijewardena, R T Cooray
Introduction: Incidence of child sexual abuse is increasing worldwide. There is little data on child sexual abuse in the North Western Province of Sri Lanka. Objectives: To describe the demographic and medico-legal findings of victims of sexual abuse aged less than 16 years and to identify factors associated with positive findings on medical-legal examination. Methods: This cross-sectional analytical study, analysed 132 victims, referred by authorities to General Hospital,Chilaw, from 2012 to 2014...
March 31, 2017: Ceylon Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28377775/modeling-allometric-relationships-in-leaves-of-young-rapeseed-brassica-napus-l-grown-at-different-temperature-treatments
#12
Tian Tian, Lingtong Wu, Michael Henke, Basharat Ali, Weijun Zhou, Gerhard Buck-Sorlin
Functional-structural plant modeling (FSPM) is a fast and dynamic method to predict plant growth under varying environmental conditions. Temperature is a primary factor affecting the rate of plant development. In the present study, we used three different temperature treatments (10/14°C, 18/22°C, and 26/30°C) to test the effect of temperature on growth and development of rapeseed (Brassica napus L.) seedlings. Plants were sampled at regular intervals (every 3 days) to obtain growth data during the length of the experiment (1 month in total)...
2017: Frontiers in Plant Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28376465/silent-survivors
#13
Elizabeth R Volkmann
Early in my medical training, I cared for a patient who survived a brutal sexual assault necessitating ICU level care. Months later, I was raped. This essay is a reflection on my experience as a survivor of sexual violence and as a provider for patients whose wounds from these traumas have flourished in atmospheres of shame and stigma. In this essay, I further explore how physicians and other health care providers can play a central role in restoring the health of individuals who silently suffer after these unspeakable events...
January 2017: Annals of Family Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28368155/typologies-of-child-sexual-abuse-an-analysis-of-multiple-abuse-acts-among-a-large-sample-of-danish-treatment-seeking-survivors-of-childhood-sexual-abuse
#14
Mark Shevlin, Siobhan Murphy, Ask Elklit, Jamie Murphy, Philip Hyland
OBJECTIVE: The deleterious psychological effects of childhood sexual abuse (CSA) have been extensively documented in the research literature. A limitation of this research, however, has been a reliance on overly restrictive and limiting measurements of CSA. Researchers have most commonly referred to discrete instances of rape and molestation; however, evidence suggests that sexual abuse in childhood can include a wide array of acts and that individual survivors can endure many of these...
April 3, 2017: Psychological Trauma: Theory, Research, Practice and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28364495/sexsomnia-a-specialized-non-rem-parasomnia
#15
Anne-Laure Dubessy, Smaranda Leu-Semenescu, Valérie Attali, Jean-Baptiste Maranci, Isabelle Arnulf
Introduction: To describe patients with sexsomnia and to contrast their clinical and sleep measures with those of healthy controls and sleepwalkers. Aims and Methods: Subjects referred for sexsomnia and for sleepwalking/night terror were interviewed, completed the Paris Arousal Disorder Severity Scale (PADSS), and were monitored 1-2 nights with video-polysomnography. Results: Seventeen patients (70.6% male, aged 17-76 years) had sexsomnia, with amnestic fondling of the bed partner (n = 11), complete sexual intercourse (n = 8), masturbation (n = 8), and spontaneous orgasm (n = 1)...
February 1, 2017: Sleep
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28363779/genome-wide-analysis-and-expression-profiling-of-the-grf-gene-family-in-oilseed-rape-brassica-napus-l
#16
Jin-Qi Ma, Hong-Ju Jian, Bo Yang, Kun Lu, Ao-Xiang Zhang, Pu Liu, Jia-Na Li
Growth regulating-factors (GRFs) are plant-specific transcription factors that help regulate plant growth and development. Genome-wide identification and evolutionary analyses of GRF gene families have been performed in Arabidopsis thaliana, Zea mays, Oryza sativa, and Brassica rapa, but a comprehensive analysis of the GRF gene family in oilseed rape (Brassica napus) has not yet been reported. In the current study, we identified 35 members of the BnGRF family in B. napus. We analyzed the chromosomal distribution, phylogenetic relationships (Bayesian Inference and Neighbor Joining method), gene structures, and motifs of the BnGRF family members, as well as the cis-acting regulatory elements in their promoters...
March 28, 2017: Gene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28362862/intimate-partner-violence-in-the-post-war-context-women-s-experiences-and-community-leaders-perceptions-in-the-eastern-province-of-sri-lanka
#17
Sepali Guruge, Marilyn Ford-Gilboe, Colleen Varcoe, Vathsala Jayasuriya-Illesinghe, Mahesan Ganesan, Sivagurunathan Sivayogan, Parvathy Kanthasamy, Pushparani Shanmugalingam, Hemamala Vithanarachchi
BACKGROUND: Exposure to armed conflict and/or war have been linked to an increase in intimate partner violence (IPV) against women. A substantial body of work has focused on non-partner rape and sexual violence in war and post-war contexts, but research about IPV is limited, particularly in Asian settings. This paper presents the finding of a study conducted in the Eastern Province of Sri Lanka. The study explored women's experiences of and responses to IPV as well as how health and social service providers perceive the problem...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28356612/contact-with-counter-stereotypical-women-predicts-less-sexism-less-rape-myth-acceptance-less-intention-to-rape-in-men-and-less-projected-enjoyment-of-rape-in-women
#18
Miriam Taschler, Keon West
Intergroup contact-(positive) interactions with people from different social groups-is a widely researched and strongly supported prejudice-reducing mechanism shown to reduce prejudice against a wide variety of outgroups. However, no known previous research has investigated whether intergroup contact can also reduce sexism against women. Sexism has an array of negative outcomes. One of the most detrimental and violent ones is rape, which is both justified and downplayed by rape myth acceptance. We hypothesised that more frequent, higher quality contact with counter-stereotypical women would predict lower levels of sexism and thus less rape myth acceptance (in men) and less sexualised projected responses to rape (in women)...
2017: Sex Roles
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28356488/the-opinions-and-experiences-of-irish-obstetric-and-gynaecology-trainee-doctors-in-relation-to-abortion-services-in-ireland
#19
Kara Aitken, Paul Patek, Mark E Murphy
INTRODUCTION: The provision of abortion services in the Republic of Ireland is legally restricted. Recent legislation that has been implemented allows for abortion if there is a real and substantial risk to the woman's life, but in general Irish women must travel abroad for abortion services. The aims of this study were to investigate the clinical experiences of Irish obstetric non-consultant hospital doctors (NCHDs) that work in this environment and to assess their attitudes towards termination of pregnancy (ToP)...
March 29, 2017: Journal of Medical Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28352529/simultaneous-production-of-detergent-stable-keratinolytic-protease-amylase-and-biosurfactant-by-bacillus-subtilis-pf1-using-agro-industrial-waste
#20
Khushboo Bhange, Venkatesh Chaturvedi, Renu Bhatt
The present study is an attempt to optimize simultaneous production of keratinolytic protease, amylase and biosurfactant from feather meal, potato peel and rape seed cake in a single media by response surface methodology to evaluate their biochemical properties for detergent additive. The optimization was carried out using 20 run, 3 factor and 5-level of central composite design on design expert software which resulted in a 1.2, 0.84 and 2.28 fold increase in protease, amylase and biosurfactant production. The proteolytic activity was found to be optimum at pH 9...
June 2016: Biotechnology Reports
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