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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29460984/a-laboratory-high-throughput-glass-chamber-using-dynamic-headspace-td-gc-ms-method-for-the-analysis-of-whole-brassica-napus-l-plantlet-volatiles-under-cadmium-related-abiotic-stress
#1
Bastien Durenne, Alodie Blondel, Philippe Druart, Marie-Laure Fauconnier
INTRODUCTION: The dynamic headspace sampling technique using thermal desorption, gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (TD-GC/MS) is a powerful method for analysing plant emissions of volatile organic compounds (VOCs), and experiments performed in sterile and controlled conditions can be useful for VOC metabolism investigations. OBJECTIVE: The main purpose of this study was to set up a laboratory high-throughput glass chamber for whole plant volatiles analysis. Brassica napus L...
February 20, 2018: Phytochemical Analysis: PCA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29455717/the-role-of-hypermasculinity-token-resistance-rape-myth-and-assertive-sexual-consent-communication-among-college-men
#2
Autumn Shafer, Rebecca R Ortiz, Bailey Thompson, Jennifer Huemmer
PURPOSE: A greater understanding of how college men's gendered beliefs and communication styles relate to their sexual consent attitudes and intentions is essential within the shifting context of negative to affirmative consent policies on college campuses. The results of this study can be used to help design more effective sexual consent interventions. METHODS: Three hundred seventy undergraduate college men completed cross-sectional online surveys. Hierarchical multiple regression examined how hypermasculinity, token resistance, rape myth acceptance, and sexual communication assertiveness were associated with consent-related attitudes, intentions, and interpretations...
March 2018: Journal of Adolescent Health: Official Publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29454220/early-life-sexual-abuse-is-associated-with-increased-suicide-attempts-an-update-meta-analysis
#3
REVIEW
Qin Xiang Ng, Bob Zheng Jie Yong, Collin Yin Xian Ho, Donovan Yutong Lim, Wee-Song Yeo
Suicide is an emerging, yet preventable global health issue associated with significant mortality. Identification of underlying risk factors and antecedents may inform preventive strategies and interventions. This study serves to provide an updated meta-analysis examining the extent of association of early life sexual abuse with suicide attempts. Using the keywords [early abuse OR childhood abuse OR sexual OR rape OR molest* OR violence OR trauma OR PTSD] AND [suicid* OR premature OR unnatural OR deceased OR died OR mortality], a preliminary search on the PubMed, Ovid, PsychINFO, Web of Science and Google Scholar databases yielded 12,874 papers published in English between 1-Jan-1988 and 1-June-2017...
February 6, 2018: Journal of Psychiatric Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29449851/divergent-n-deficiency-dependent-senescence-and-transcriptome-response-in-developmentally-old-and-young-brassica-napus-leaves
#4
Vajiheh Safavi-Rizi, J├╝rgen Franzaring, Andreas Fangmeier, Reinhard Kunze
In the spring oilseed rape (OSR) cultivar 'Mozart' grown under optimal N supply (N O ) or mild N deficiency (N L ) the transcriptome changes associated with progressing age until early senescence in developmentally old lower canopy leaves (leaf #4) and younger higher canopy leaves (leaf #8) were investigated. Twelve weeks old N O and N L plants appeared phenotypically and transcriptomically identical, but thereafter distinct nutrition-dependent differences in gene expression patterns in lower and upper canopy leaves emerged...
2018: Frontiers in Plant Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29449595/temporal-differentiation-of-crop-growth-as-one-of-the-drivers-of-intercropping-yield-advantage
#5
Nan Dong, Ming-Ming Tang, Wei-Ping Zhang, Xing-Guo Bao, Yu Wang, Peter Christie, Long Li
Intercropping studies usually focus on yield advantage and interspecific interactions but few quantify temporal niche differentiation and its relationship with intercropping yield advantage. A field experiment conducted in northwest China in 2013 and 2014 examined four intercropping systems (oilseed rape/maize, oilseed rape/soybean, potato/maize, and soybean/potato) and the corresponding monocultures. Total dry matter data collected every 20 d after maize emergence were fitted to logistic models to investigate the temporal dynamics of crop growth and interspecific interactions...
February 15, 2018: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29449134/characterizing-sexual-violence-victimization-in-youth-2012-national-intimate-partner-and-sexual-violence-survey
#6
Melissa T Merrick, Kathleen C Basile, Xinjian Zhang, Sharon G Smith, Marcie-Jo Kresnow
INTRODUCTION: Youth sexual violence victimization is an urgent public health concern that can lead to a variety of health problems and increased risk for victimization during adulthood. Examining the characteristics of early victimization and their association with subsequent victimization during adulthood may help strengthen primary prevention efforts. METHODS: Data are from the 2012 National Intimate Partner and Sexual Violence Survey. Prevalence estimates were computed in 2017 for rape and made to sexually penetrate, their subtypes, as well as proportions among victims by type of perpetrator...
February 12, 2018: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29447586/a-longitudinal-study-of-interest-and-membership-in-a-fraternity-rape-myth-acceptance-and-proclivity-to-perpetrate-sexual-assault
#7
Rita C Seabrook, Sarah McMahon, Julia O'Connor
OBJECTIVE: This study explored the relation between interest and membership in a fraternity and acceptance of sexual violence (e.g., rape myth acceptance, proclivity to perpetrate sexual aggression) among first year college men. PARTICIPANTS: A total of 315 men were surveyed before their first year of college (June - August 2010) and again at four time points over the next year. METHODS: Participants responded to measures of rape myth acceptance and proclivity to perpetrate sexual aggression...
February 15, 2018: Journal of American College Health: J of ACH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29447585/service-seeking-experiences-of-college-aged-sexual-and-intimate-partner-violence-victims-with-a-mental-health-and-or-behavioral-disability
#8
Emily M Nichols, Amy Bonomi, Rebecca Kammes, Elizabeth Miller
OBJECTIVE: To examine mental health service experiences following sexual violence (SV) and intimate partner violence (IPV) victimization among college women with a disability. PARTICIPANTS: College women (n = 27, ages 19 to 24) with a disability who experienced at least one SV/IPV occurrence; interviewed July/August 2016. METHODS: Qualitative study using in-depth interviews, with thematic analysis. RESULTS: Women tended to wait several months (or did not seek care at all) following SV/IPV, because they downplayed their experience (e...
February 15, 2018: Journal of American College Health: J of ACH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29445418/local-constructions-of-gender-based-violence-amongst-idps-in-northern-uganda-analysis-of-archival-data-collected-using-a-gender-and-age-segmented-participatory-ranking-methodology
#9
Alastair Ager, Carolyn Bancroft, Elizabeth Berger, Lindsay Stark
Background: Gender-based violence (GBV) is a significant problem in conflict-affected settings. Understanding local constructions of such violence is crucial to developing preventive and responsive interventions to address this issue. Methods: This study reports on a secondary analysis of archived data collected as part of formative qualitative work - using a group participatory ranking methodology (PRM) - informing research on the prevalence of GBV amongst IDPs in northern Uganda in 2006...
2018: Conflict and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29444628/assisting-the-investigation-of-stranger-rapes-predicting-the-criminal-record-of-u-k-stranger-rapists-from-their-crime-scene-behaviors
#10
Louise Almond, Michelle McManus, Amarat Bal, Freya O'Brien, Lee Rainbow, Mark Webb
Davies, Wittebrood, and Jackson (1997) were among the first to investigate whether offense behaviors are predictive of criminal history, with the findings of their paper then utilized by the National Crime Agency (NCA) Behavioral Investigative Advisors (BIAs) when assisting rape investigations. The aim of the study was to replicate this seminal paper with a larger contemporary sample of U.K. stranger rapists as identified by NCA. Data from 474 adult male stranger rapists were obtained in relation to 22 crime scene behaviors and nine preconviction variables...
February 1, 2018: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29436363/unacknowledged-rape-in-the-community-rape-characteristics-and-adjustment
#11
Heather Littleton, Marlee Layh, Kelly Rudolph
Unacknowledged rape, labeling a rape as a nonvictimizing event, remains largely unstudied among non-college women. This study therefore sought to examine differences in assault characteristics, adjustment, and disclosure by rape acknowledgment status among a sample of lower income rape victims (n = 104) recruited from a reproductive health clinic (mean age = 28.8 years). Although unacknowledged rape was infrequent (17.1% of victims), unacknowledged victims reported that the perpetrator used less force and were less likely to have assertively resisted, as compared to acknowledged victims...
February 1, 2018: Violence and Victims
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29435352/how-gender-and-violence-related-norms-affect-self-esteem-among-adolescent-refugee-girls-living-in-ethiopia
#12
L Stark, K Asghar, I Seff, B Cislaghi, G Yu, T Tesfay Gessesse, J Eoomkham, A Assazenew Baysa, K Falb
Background: Evidence suggests adolescent self-esteem is influenced by beliefs of how individuals in their reference group perceive them. However, few studies examine how gender- and violence-related social norms affect self-esteem among refugee populations. This paper explores relationships between gender inequitable and victim-blaming social norms, personal attitudes, and self-esteem among adolescent girls participating in a life skills program in three Ethiopian refugee camps. Methods: Ordinary least squares multivariable regression analysis was used to assess the associations between attitudes and social norms, and self-esteem...
2018: Global Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29433434/sequence-variation-and-functional-analysis-of-a-frigida-orthologue-bnaa3-fri-in-brassica-napus
#13
Licong Yi, Chunhong Chen, Shuai Yin, Haitao Li, Zhaohong Li, Bo Wang, Graham J King, Jing Wang, Kede Liu
BACKGROUND: Allelic variation at the FRIGIDA (FRI) locus is a major contributor to natural variation of flowering time and vernalization requirement in Arabidopsis thaliana. Dominant FRI inhibits flowering by activating the expression of the MADS box transcriptional repressor FLOWERING LOCUS C (FLC), which represses flowering prior to vernalization. Four FRI orthologues had been identified in the domesticated amphidiploid Brassica napus. Linkage and association studies had revealed that one of the FRI orthologues, BnaA3...
February 13, 2018: BMC Plant Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29428852/efficiency-analysis-of-bioenergy-potential-on-winter-fallow-fields-a-case-study-of-rape
#14
Luo Liu, Xinliang Xu, Yueming Hu, Zhenjie Liu, Zhi Qiao
Rape is a non-grain feedstock with several characteristics that make it suitable for biofuel production, such as high oil yields and low environmental impact. Planting rape on winter fallow fields could allow for seasonal rotation between the bioenergy production and agricultural production. In the present study, the Global Agro-Ecological Zones model was used to estimate the production potential of rapeseed on winter fallow fields in the Yangtze River region from 2010 to 2015. Life cycle assessment was then conducted to calculate energy efficiency and greenhouse gas emissions from the entire energy-producing process and to estimate the number of bioenergy enterprises and their spatial distribution...
February 8, 2018: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29427902/processes-and-pathways-mediating-the-experience-of-social-anxiety-and-negative-rumination
#15
Matthew Modini, Ronald M Rapee, Maree J Abbott
Negative rumination in social anxiety disorder (SAD) occurs in anticipation of a social event (pre-event rumination) and in its aftermath (post-event rumination). Both are proposed to be key maintaining factors of the vicious cycle of social anxiety. Despite this, there is a dearth of research investigating the processes that mediate the relationship between social anxiety and pre-event rumination and uncertainty regarding the cognitive and attentional processes that mediate the relationship between social anxiety and post-event rumination...
February 2, 2018: Behaviour Research and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29425129/suicidal-ideation-among-youth-living-in-the-slums-of-kampala-uganda
#16
Rachel Culbreth, Monica H Swahn, David Ndetei, Lynnette Ametewee, Rogers Kasirye
The purpose of this study is to examine the factors associated with suicidal ideation among youth living in the slums of Kampala, Uganda. Analyses are based on cross-sectional survey data, collected in 2014, of a convenience sample (n = 1134) of urban service-seeking youth participating in a Uganda Youth Development Link drop-in center. Logistic regression analyses were computed to determine the psychosocial factors associated with suicidal ideation. Among youth participants, 23.54% (n = 266) reported suicidal ideation in the past year...
February 9, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29420740/effect-of-high-night-temperature-on-storage-lipids-and-transcriptome-changes-in-developing-seeds-of-oilseed-rape
#17
Longhua Zhou, Tao Yan, Xin Chen, Zhilan Li, Dezhi Wu, Shuijin Hua, Lixi Jiang
Global warming causes a faster increase of night temperature than of day temperature in tropical and subtropical zones. Little is known about the effect of high night temperature on storage lipids and transcriptome changes in oilseed rape. This study compared the total fatty acids and fatty acid compositions in seeds of two oilseed rape cultivars between high and low night temperatures. Their transcriptome profiles were also analyzed. High night temperature significantly affected the total fatty acids and fatty acid compositions in seeds of both low and high oil content cultivars, namely Jiuer-13 and Zheyou-50, thereby resulting in 18...
February 6, 2018: Journal of Experimental Botany
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29420549/contexts-of-vulnerability-and-the-acceptability-of-new-biomedical-hiv-prevention-technologies-among-key-populations-in-south-africa-a-qualitative-study
#18
Millicent Atujuna, Peter A Newman, Melissa Wallace, Megan Eluhu, Clara Rubincam, Ben Brown, Linda-Gail Bekker
BACKGROUND: New biomedical prevention technologies (NPTs) may contribute to substantially reducing incident HIV infections globally. We explored acceptability and preferences for NPTs among key and other vulnerable populations in two South African townships. METHODS: We conducted six focus groups and 12 in-depth interviews with adolescents, and adult heterosexual men, women, and men who have sex with men (MSM) (n = 48), and eight in-depth interviews with key informant healthcare workers...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29413950/detection-of-prostate-specific-antigen-and-semenogelin-in-specimens-from-female-rape-victims
#19
Papanu Suttipasit, Surachet Wongwittayapanich
The presence of semen is generally accepted as evidence in sexual assault cases prosecution. Detection of sperm is confirmation of semen; however, sperm cannot always be detected. Prostate specific antigen (PSA) and semenogelin (Sg) are used as semen biomarkers. We compared the detection rate and persistence of sperm, PSA and Sg over a range of time intervals from the time of assault to specimen collection. The results show that sperm had the longest persistence and highest detection rate. The detection rate of the Sg test was significantly better than that of the PSA test overall, whether the sperm test was negative or positive...
January 4, 2018: Journal of Forensic and Legal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29412902/development-of-direct-competitive-biomimetic-immunosorbent-assay-based-on-quantum-dot-label-for-determination-of-trichlorfon-residues-in-vegetables
#20
Qiurui Liu, Mingdi Jiang, Zeliang Ju, Xuguang Qiao, Zhixiang Xu
A direct competitive biomimetic immunosorbent assay method based on molecularly imprinted polymer was developed for the determination of trichlorfon. A CdSe/ZnS quantum dot label was used as the marker. The hydrophilic imprinted film was synthesized directly on the surface of a 96-well plate, and characterized by Fourier-transform infrared spectroscopy and thermo-gravimetric analyses. The method exhibited high stability, selectivity, and sensitivity. Under optimal conditions, the limits of detection and sensitivity of the biomimetic immunosorbent assay method were 9...
June 1, 2018: Food Chemistry
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