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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28712501/gene-editing-in-polyploid-crops-wheat-camelina-canola-potato-cotton-peanut-sugar-cane-and-citrus
#1
Donald P Weeks
Polyploid crops make up a significant portion of the major food and fiber crops of the world and include wheat, potato, cotton, apple, peanut, citrus, and brassica oilseeds such as rape, canola, and Camelina. The presence of three sets of chromosomes in triploids, four sets in tetraploids, and six sets in hexaploids present significant challenges to conventional plant breeding and, potentially, to efficient use of rapidly emerging gene and genome-editing systems such as zinc finger nucleases, single-stranded oligonucleotides, TALE effector nucleases, and clustered regularly interspaced short palindromic repeats (CRISPR/Cas9)...
2017: Progress in Molecular Biology and Translational Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28712124/sexual-violence-associated-with-poor-mental-health-in-women-attending-australian-general-practices
#2
Laura Tarzia, Sarah Maxwell, Jodie Valpied, Kitty Novy, Rebecca Quake, Kelsey Hegarty
OBJECTIVE: Sexual violence (SV) against adult women is prevalent and associated with a range of mental health issues. General practitioners could potentially have a role in responding, however, there is little information to help guide them. Data around prevalence of all forms of adult SV (not just rape) is inconsistent, particularly in clinical samples, and the links between other forms of SV and mental health issues are not well supported. This study aimed to address these gaps in the knowledge base...
July 16, 2017: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28711115/anticipatory-processing-maladaptive-attentional-focus-and-postevent-processing-for-interactional-and-performance-situations-treatment-response-and-relationships-with-symptom-change-for-individuals-with-social-anxiety-disorder
#3
Quincy J J Wong, Bree Gregory, Lauren F McLellan, Maria Kangas, Maree J Abbott, Leigh Carpenter, Peter M McEvoy, Lorna Peters, Ronald M Rapee
Anticipatory processing, maladaptive attentional focus, and postevent processing are key cognitive constructs implicated in the maintenance of social anxiety disorder (SAD). The current study examined how treatment for SAD concurrently affects these three cognitive maintaining processes and how these processes are associated with each other as well as with symptom change from pre- to posttreatment. The sample consisted of 116 participants with SAD receiving group cognitive behavioral therapy. All three cognitive maintaining processes were measured relative to a speech task and again relative to a conversation task...
September 2017: Behavior Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28704207/the-adult-male-rape-victim-forensic-description-of-a-series-of-57-cases
#4
Michelangelo Bruno Casali, Elisa Palazzo, Alberto Blandino, Alessio Battistini, Francesca Motta, Alessandra Kustermann, Cristina Cattaneo
A retrospective analysis on 57 adult male victims of sexual violence has been performed. Age, nationality and anamnesis of the victims, location of the assault, type of violence, number and identity of the assailants, presence of physical injuries, lapse of time between the assault and the request of medical assistance, and toxicological and semen detection tests were analyzed. Victims were mostly in the 31- to 40-year age group. Ten victims referred themselves as either active homosexuals or bisexuals. Forced oral and/or anal penetration was registered in 86...
July 13, 2017: American Journal of Forensic Medicine and Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28703959/effects-of-operative-conditions-on-products-obtained-of-starch-oil-mixtures-by-single-screw-extrusion
#5
Marzena Włodarczyk-Stasiak, Artur Mazurek, Jerzy Jamroz
BACKGROUND: d. The aim of the study was to evaluate the fat binding and physicochemical properties of the products under conditions of potato starch extrusion containing rapeseed or linseed oil and rapeseed oil with glycerol. METHODS: The study dealt with the extrudates of potato starch produced with the addition of rape seed or linseed oil and rapeseed oil and glycerol at 22% humidity. The extrudates were obtained at two screw speeds: 80 rpm and 100 rpm. Extrudates containing rapeseed oil and glycerol (R6G) were obtained at a temperature distribution of 115/130/150°C, while those with the participation of rapeseed oil and linseed oil were obtained at 120/135/128°C...
April 2017: Acta Scientiarum Polonorum. Technologia Alimentaria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28703951/secondary-prevention-of-chronic-ptsd-by-early-and-short-term-administration-of-escitalopram-a-prospective-randomized-placebo-controlled-double-blind-trial
#6
Joseph Zohar, Leah Fostick, Alzabeta Juven-Wetzler, Zeev Kaplan, Hadar Shalev, Gavriel Schreiber, Natalie Miroshnik, Arieh Y Shalev, Dan J Stein, Soraya Seedat, Sharain Suliman, Ehud Klein
OBJECTIVE: Prospective studies have not identified a viable pharmacologic strategy for secondary prevention of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). The authors examined whether preventive intervention via early and short-term administration of a selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor (SSRI), within 1 month of exposure to a traumatic event (before diagnosis of PTSD could be made), may reduce the severity of PTSD symptoms according to DSM-IV at 13 months' follow-up. METHODS: Over 25,000 screening calls to patients referred to an emergency department for a traumatic event performed between June 2006 and December 2008 yielded 353 participants who were recruited within the month following a traumatic event ...
July 11, 2017: Journal of Clinical Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28701806/meteorological-and-landscape-influences-on-pollen-beetle-immigration-into-oilseed-rape-crops
#7
Matthew P Skellern, Sue J Welham, Nigel P Watts, Samantha M Cook
Heavy reliance on pesticide inputs to maintain crop yields has been an important aspect of agricultural intensification. Insecticide use has had detrimental impacts on pollinators and natural pest control agents, contributing to a decline in associated ecosystem services, and has also led to resistance development in pest populations. Throughout Europe, in oilseed rape (Brassica napus L.) crops, prophylactic use of insecticides against pollen beetles (Meligethes aeneus F. also known as Brassicogethes aeneus) has led to such issues, and there is an urgent need to develop more sustainable pest management practices for the crop...
April 1, 2017: Agriculture, Ecosystems & Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28691436/viral-kinetics-in-untreated-versus-treated-acute-hiv-infection-in-prospective-cohort-studies-in-thailand
#8
Jintanat Ananworanich, Leigh Anne Eller, Suteeraporn Pinyakorn, Eugene Kroon, Somchai Sriplenchan, James Lk Fletcher, Duanghathai Suttichom, Christopher Bryant, Rapee Trichavaroj, Peter Dawson, Nelson Michael, Nittaya Phanuphak, Merlin L Robb
INTRODUCTION: The extent of viral replication during acute HIV infection (AHI) influences HIV disease progression. However, information comparing viral load (VL) kinetics with and without antiretroviral therapy (ART) in AHI is limited. The knowledge gained could inform preventive strategies aimed at reducing VL during AHI and therapeutic strategies to alter the viral kinetics that may enhance the likelihood of achieving HIV remission. METHODS: The analysis utilized VL data captured during the first year of HIV infection from two studies in Thailand: the RV217 study (untreated AHI, 30 participants and 412 visits) and the RV254 study (treated AHI, 235 participants and 2803 visits)...
June 26, 2017: Journal of the International AIDS Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28687537/rape-survivor-is-sentenced-to-30-years-in-jail-under-el-salvador-s-extreme-anti-abortion-law
#9
Ingrid Torjesen
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 7, 2017: BMJ: British Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28686922/sulfate-sorption-on-rape-brassica-campestris-l-straw-biochar-loess-soil-and-a-biochar-soil-mixture
#10
Baowei Zhao, Xujun Nan, Huan Xu, Tao Zhang, Fengfeng Ma
The effects of biochar amendment on sulfur behavior in soils are unknown. In this paper, sulfate (SO4(2-)) sorption on rape (Brassica campestris L.) straw biochar produced at 600 °C (BC), loess soil (soil) and a 1:9 (w/w) biochar-soil mixture (BC-soil) was investigated by batch experiments. The effects of contact time, initial SO4(2-) concentration, temperature and solution pH value on sorption were tested. Kinetics, isotherms and thermodynamics for sorption were investigated. Pre- and post-sorption characterizations of BC and soil were respectively studied using Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) and X-ray diffraction (XRD) spectroscopy, respectively...
July 4, 2017: Journal of Environmental Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28686731/evaluation-of-nine-genotypes-of-oilseed-rape-brassica-napus-l-for-larval-infestation-and-performance-of-rape-stem-weevil-ceutorhynchus-napi-gyll
#11
Heike L Schaefer, Haiko Brandes, Bernd Ulber, Heiko C Becker, Stefan Vidal
The rape stem weevil, Ceutorhynchus napi Gyll., is a serious pest of winter oilseed rape (Brassica napus L.) crops in Europe causing severe yield loss. In currently used oilseed rape cultivars no resistance to C. napi has been identified. Resynthesized lines of B. napus have potential to broaden the genetic variability and may improve resistance to insect pests. In this study, the susceptibility to C. napi of three cultivars, one breeding line and five resynthesized lines of oilseed rape was compared in a semi-field plot experiment under multi-choice conditions...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28685211/predicting-the-emergence-of-sexual-violence-in-adolescence
#12
Michele L Ybarra, Richard E Thompson
This study aims to report the epidemiology of sexual violence (SV) perpetration for both female and male youth across a broad age spectrum. Additionally, the etiology of SV perpetration is examined by identifying prior exposures that predict a first SV perpetration. Six waves of data were collected nationally online, between 2006 and 2012, from 1586 youth between 10 and 21 years of age. Five types of SV were assessed: sexual harassment, sexual assault, coercive sex, attempted rape, and rape. To identify how prior exposures may predict the emergence of SV in adolescence, parsimonious lagged multivariable logistic regression models estimated the odds of first perpetrating each of the five types of SV within the context of other variables (e...
July 7, 2017: Prevention Science: the Official Journal of the Society for Prevention Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28671025/a-typology-of-sex-offending-against-minors-an-empirical-study-of-rape-and-molestation-cases-in-china
#13
Bin Liang, Ming Hu
Efforts to classify sexual offending and offenders continued to evolve over the years based on criteria such as offender and victim characteristics, offender-victim relationships, the nature of sexual offenses, and other situational factors. This current study draws up a typology of sexual offending against minors based on 436 adjudicated rape and child molestation cases in China. Specifically, sexual offending against minors is classified into six major categories, including opportunistic offenses, serial offenses, dating couple offenses, educator abuses, gang/party offenses, and incest offenses...
June 1, 2017: Sexual Abuse: a Journal of Research and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28670331/a-mobile-nmr-lab-for-leaf-phenotyping-in-the-field
#14
Maja Musse, Laurent Leport, Mireille Cambert, William Debrandt, Clément Sorin, Alain Bouchereau, François Mariette
BACKGROUND: Low field NMR has been used to investigate water status in various plant tissues. In plants grown in controlled conditions, the method was shown to be able to monitor leaf development as it could detect slight variations in senescence associated with structural modifications in leaf tissues. The aim of the present study was to demonstrate the potential of NMR to provide robust indicators of the leaf development stage in plants grown in the field, where leaves may develop less evenly due to environmental fluctuations...
2017: Plant Methods
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28663502/country-specific-effects-of-neonicotinoid-pesticides-on-honey-bees-and-wild-bees
#15
B A Woodcock, J M Bullock, R F Shore, M S Heard, M G Pereira, J Redhead, L Ridding, H Dean, D Sleep, P Henrys, J Peyton, S Hulmes, L Hulmes, M Sárospataki, C Saure, M Edwards, E Genersch, S Knäbe, R F Pywell
Neonicotinoid seed dressings have caused concern world-wide. We use large field experiments to assess the effects of neonicotinoid-treated crops on three bee species across three countries (Hungary, Germany, and the United Kingdom). Winter-sown oilseed rape was grown commercially with either seed coatings containing neonicotinoids (clothianidin or thiamethoxam) or no seed treatment (control). For honey bees, we found both negative (Hungary and United Kingdom) and positive (Germany) effects during crop flowering...
June 30, 2017: Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28661570/one-gene-one-name-the-avrlmj1-avirulence-gene-of-leptosphaeria-maculans-is-avrlm5
#16
Clémence Plissonneau, Thierry Rouxel, Anne-Marie Chèvre, Angela P Van de Wouw, Marie-Hélène Balesdent
Leptosphaeria maculans, the causal agent of blackleg disease, interacts with Brassica napus (oilseed rape, canola) and other Brassica hosts, in a gene-for-gene manner. The avirulence gene AvrLmJ1 was previously cloned and shown to interact with an unidentified B. juncea resistance gene. In this study, we show that the AvrLmJ1 gene maps to the same position as the AvrLm5 locus. Furthermore, isolates complemented with the AvrLmJ1 locus confer avirulence towards B. juncea genotypes harbouring Rlm5. These findings demonstrate AvrLmJ1 is AvrLm5 and highlight the need for shared resources to characterise accurately avirulence and/or resistance genes...
June 29, 2017: Molecular Plant Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28661168/forgotten-evidence-a-mixed-methods-study-of-why-sexual-assault-kits-saks-are-not-submitted-for-dna-forensic-testing
#17
Rebecca Campbell, Giannina Fehler-Cabral, Deborah Bybee, Jessica Shaw
Throughout the United States, hundreds of thousands of sexual assault kits (SAKs) (also termed "rape kits") have not been submitted by the police for forensic DNA testing. DNA evidence can help sexual assault investigations and prosecutions by identifying offenders, revealing serial offenders through DNA matches across cases, and exonerating those who have been wrongly accused. In this article, we describe a 5-year action research project conducted with 1 city that had large numbers of untested SAKs-Detroit, Michigan-and our examination into why thousands of rape kits in this city were never submitted for forensic DNA testing...
June 29, 2017: Law and Human Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28658565/current-controversies-with-oral-emergency-contraception-a-review
#18
REVIEW
S T Cameron, H W R Li, K Gemzell-Danielsson
Emergency contraception (EC) is a method to be used in the case of unprotected sexual intercourse, failure of a regular contraceptive method, or after rape to try to prevent an unintended pregnancy. Oral EC remains surrounded by controversy, much due to myths and misconceptions amongst the public, policy makers and healthcare providers. This has resulted in restrictions on its availability in many parts of the world and restrictions on women's access to it. The aim of this article is to provide an evidence-based view on some of these common controversial issues surrounding oral EC in clinical practice...
June 28, 2017: BJOG: An International Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28657475/predicting-time-spent-in-treatment-in-a-sample-of-danish-survivors-of-child-sexual-abuse
#19
Shelley Fletcher, Ask Elklit, Mark Shevlin, Cherie Armour
The aim of this study was to identify significant predictors of length of time spent in treatment. In a convenience sample of 439 Danish survivors of child sexual abuse, predictors of time spent in treatment were examined. Assessments were conducted on a 6-month basis over a period of 18 months. A multinomial logistic regression analysis revealed that the experience of neglect in childhood and having experienced rape at any life stage were associated with less time in treatment. Higher educational attainment and being male were associated with staying in treatment for longer periods of time...
July 2017: Journal of Child Sexual Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28653577/the-emerging-british-verticillium-longisporum-population-consists-of-aggressive-brassica-pathogens
#20
Jasper Depotter, Luis Rodriguez-Moreno, Bart Phj Thomma, Tom Wood
V. longisporum is an economically important fungal pathogen of brassicaceous crops that originated from at least three hybridization events between different Verticillium spp., leading to the hybrid lineages A1/D1, A1/D2 and A1/D3. Isolates of lineage A1/D1 generally cause stem striping on oilseed rape (Brassica napus), which has recently been reported for the first time to occur in the UK. Intriguingly, the emerging UK population is distinct from the north-central Europe stem striping population. Little is known about the pathogenicity of the newly emerged UK population, hence pathogenicity tests were executed to compare British isolates to previously characterized reference strains...
June 27, 2017: Phytopathology
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