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Hui Han, Qi Wang, Lin-Yan He, Xia-Fang Sheng
Two Cd-immobilizing and polyamine-producing bacteria Serratia liquefaciens CL-1 and Bacillus thuringiensis X30 were characterized for their effects on Cd immobilization, pH, and polyamine production in the solution and the rapeseed biomass and Cd uptake of Brassica napus Qinyou-10 in Cd-contaminated soil. These strains significantly increased pH and reduced water-soluble Cd concentration (25-76%) compared to the controls. Furthermore, strain CL-1 produced more polyamine (71-192%) in the solution than strain X30...
April 14, 2018: Journal of Hazardous Materials
Luwishennadige Madhawee N Fernando, Wan Hua Sim, Anthony F Jorm, Ron Rapee, Katherine A Lawrence, Marie B H Yap
BACKGROUND: Preventive efforts targeting childhood anxiety and depression symptoms have the potential to alter the developmental trajectory of depression and anxiety disorders across the lifespan. Substantial previous research suggests that modifiable parenting factors such as parental aversiveness and over-involvement are associated with childhood anxiety, depressive and internalising symptoms, indicating that parents can play a critical role in prevention. The Parenting Resilient Kids study is a new evidence-based online parenting program designed to prevent anxiety and depression problems in primary school-aged children by reducing family-based risk factors and enhancing protective factors through increased positive interactions between parent and child...
April 19, 2018: Trials
Eliza S McManus, Lisa-Ann J Cuccurullo, Madeline Uddo, C Laurel Franklin
Military sexual trauma (MST) is defined as experiences of sexual assault or repeated, threatening, harassment during military service. MST events may not qualify within posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) Criterion A, making symptoms associated with MST unique from trauma-related disorders. Little research has been done to understand those presenting for MST treatment. Thus, this article provides Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory 2-Restructured Form (MMPI-2-RF) scores of 33 U.S. veterans who experienced MST in an effort to better understand psychological and personality characteristics of this important and unique group of veterans...
April 2018: Psychological Assessment
Jeewon Lee, Young-Sook Kwak, Yoon-Jung Kim, Eun-Ji Kim, E Jin Park, Yunmi Shin, Bun-Hee Lee, So Hee Lee, Hee Yeon Jung, Inseon Lee, Jung Im Hwang, Dongsik Kim, Soyoung Irene Lee
"Comfort women" refers to young women and girls who were forced into sexual slavery by the Imperial Japanese military during World War II. They were abducted from their homes in countries under Imperial Japanese rule, mostly from Korea, and the rest from China, Philippines, Malaysia, Taiwan, Indonesia, the Netherlands, etc. "Comfort women" endured extreme trauma involving rape, sexual torture, physical abuse, starvation, threats of death, and witnessed many others being tortured and killed...
April 2018: Psychiatry Investigation
Tao Liu, Tao Ren, Philip J White, Rihuan Cong, Jianwei Lu
Storage nitrogen (N) is a buffer pool for maintaining leaf growth and synthesizing photosynthetic proteins, but the dynamic of its forms within the life cycle of a single leaf and how it is influenced by N supply remain incompletely understood. A field experiment was conducted to estimate the influence of N supply on leaf growth, photosynthetic characteristics and N partitioning within the sixth leaves of winter oilseed rape (Brassica napus L.) from emergence through senescence. Storage N content (Nstore) decreased gradually along with leaf expansion...
April 12, 2018: Journal of Experimental Botany
Lukasz Antoniewicz, Mirza Novo, Jenny Bosson, Magnus Lundbäck
INTRODUCTION: The use of Swedish oral moist snuff, known as snus, has for a long time been limited to the Scandinavian countries. With declining cigarette sales in the western world, tobacco companies have looked to the development of alternative tobacco products. In 2006 snus products were launched in the US. Even though several studies have demonstrated negative health effects, snus is often depicted as harmless. The aim of the present study was to investigate acute vascular effects of snus as measured by arterial stiffness as well as blood pressure and heart rate...
2018: PloS One
Sarah Hatzig, Frank Breuer, Nathalie Nesi, Sylvie Ducournau, Marie-Helene Wagner, Gunhild Leckband, Amine Abbadi, Rod J Snowdon
Intense selection for specific seed qualities in winter oilseed rape breeding has had an inadvertent negative influence on seed germination performance. In a panel of 215 diverse winter oilseed rape varieties spanning over 50 years of breeding progress in winter-type rapeseed, we found that low seed erucic acid content and reduced seed glucosinolate content were significantly related with prolonged germination time. Genome-wide association mapping revealed that this relationship is caused by linkage drag between important loci for seed quality and germination traits...
2018: Frontiers in Plant Science
Zakir Hossain, Bhinu V-S Pillai, Margaret Y Gruber, Min Yu, Lisa Amyot, Abdelali Hannoufa
BACKGROUND: Brassica crops are cultivated widely for human consumption and animal feed purposes, and oilseed rape/canola (Brassica napus and rapa) is the second most important oilseed worldwide. Because of its natural diversity and genetic complexity, genomics studies on oilseed rape will be a useful resource base to modify the quantity and quality of biomass in various crops, and therefore, should have a positive impact on lignocellulosic biofuel production. The objective of this study was to perform microarray analysis on two variable lignin containing oilseed rape cultivars to target novel genes and transcription factors of importance in Brassica lignin regulation for applied research...
April 16, 2018: BMC Genomics
Jihad S Obeid, Laura M Beskow, Marie Rape, Ramkiran Gouripeddi, R Anthony Black, James J Cimino, Peter J Embi, Chunhua Weng, Rebecca Marnocha, John B Buse
Electronic health records (EHRs) provide great promise for identifying cohorts and enhancing research recruitment. Such approaches are sorely needed, but there are few descriptions in the literature of prevailing practices to guide their use. A multidisciplinary workgroup was formed to examine current practices in the use of EHRs in recruitment and to propose future directions. The group surveyed consortium members regarding current practices. Over 98% of the Clinical and Translational Science Award Consortium responded to the survey...
August 2017: Journal of Clinical and Translational Science
Sunita Vs Bandewar, Amita Pitre, Lakshmi Lingam
It is five years since the fatal gang rape of Jyothi Singh (Nirbhaya), a physiotherapy student, on December 16, 2012, in New Delhi, the capital of India. The legal and policy reforms triggered by the Nirbhaya case will remain a watershed moment in the history of efforts towards seeking justice for survivors of gender-based violence in India. The Criminal Law (Amendment) Act, 2013 and the "Guidelines and protocols: Medico-legal care for survivors/victims of sexual violence" issued by the Ministry of Health and Family Welfare in March 2014 are two landmark reforms...
March 28, 2018: Indian Journal of Medical Ethics
Josefine Nymark Hegelund, Chang Liang, Uffe Bjerre Lauridsen, Oliver Kemp, Henrik Lütken, Renate Müller
Brassica napus (oilseed rape) is a major oil crop worldwide. Due to the short domestication period of oilseed rape the genetic variability is limited compared to other crops. Transfer of rol and aux genes from Agrobacterium rhizogenes is used in horticulture to increase genetic variability. In the current study, we explore transformation by A. rhizogenes as a biotechnological approach in breeding for more branched and shorter oilseed rape. In the 2nd generation of transformed oilseed rape, branch numbers increased significantly by 49% from 7...
June 2018: Plant Science: An International Journal of Experimental Plant Biology
Gillian Finchilescu, Jackie Dugard
Instances of gender-based violence (GBV) on university campuses are rarely reported to the authorities. This makes it difficult to gauge the prevalence of this problem, which in turn affects efforts for prevention. This article describes a university-wide online survey aimed at assessing, first, the prevalence of GBV experienced by the three sectors in the community-students, academic and research staff, and professional/administrative staff. Many of the findings concurred with research elsewhere-students were the predominant victims of GBV; men were the main perpetrators; and instances of rape occurred mainly when the victim/survivor was under the influence of alcohol or drugs...
April 1, 2018: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
Kirsty Osborn, Josh P Davis, Susan Button, John Foster
Stereotypical biases about women's roles in intimate relationships including their marital status and lifestyle choices such as clothing and alcohol use influence juror attributions of rape case defendant guilt, potentially reducing access to justice for victims. Across two mock-juror decision-making experiments, participants read identical fictitious sexual assault vignettes varying in intoxicated defendant-complainant relationship (married vs. acquaintance), accompanied by photographs of complainant clothing at the crime (body revealing vs...
April 1, 2018: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
Meredith G F Worthen, Samantha A Wallace
This study critically examines sexual assault survivors' (people with histories of sexual assault) and those who know survivors' (those who know and/or who are close to people with histories of sexual assault) responses to a mandatory online campus sexual assault education program using both quantitative survey data ( N = 1,899) and qualitative narratives ( n = 41) from a sample of students at a large southern university with special attention to gender, sexual identity, race, ethnicity, college group affiliations (student athletics, fraternities/sororities, LGBTQ [lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender, queer] ally programs), and the intersections between these identities and affiliations...
April 1, 2018: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
Achenef A Muche, Adeyemi O Adekunle, Ayodele O Arowojolu
Gender-based violence is one of the major public health problems in Ethiopia. This study aimed to assess the perception and attitude of the community towards gender-based violence among married women in Northwest Ethiopia. A qualitative study was conducted using the purposive sampling technique for the three focus group discussions and ten in-depth interviews among married women. Data was analyzed thematically using version 3.4 of the Open Code Software. Most of the participants perceived that gender-based violence was acceptable in the community, violent acts needed to be considerably tolerated rather than condemned...
December 2017: African Journal of Reproductive Health
Lei Lin, Tao Dong, Pengcheng Nie, Fangfang Qu, Yong He, Bingquan Chu, Shupei Xiao
Thiabendazole is widely used in sclerotium blight, downy mildew and black rot prevention and treatment in rape. Accurate monitoring of thiabendazole pesticides in plants will prevent potential adverse effects to the Environment and human health. Surface Enhanced Raman Spectroscopy (SERS) is a highly sensitive fingerprint with the advantages of simple operation, convenient portability and high detection efficiency. In this paper, a rapid determination method of thiabendazole pesticides in rape was conducted combining SERS with chemometric methods...
April 4, 2018: Sensors
Yanfeng Zhang, Shuhua Huang, Xuefang Wang, Jianwei Liu, Xupeng Guo, Jianxin Mu, Jianhua Tian, Xiaofeng Wang
Many vegetable and oilseed crops belong to Brassica species. The seed production of these crops is hampered often by abnormal floral organs, especially under the conditions of abiotic conditions. However, the molecular reasons for these abnormal floral organs remains poorly understood. Here, we report a novel pistil-like flower mutant of B. rapa . In the flower of this mutant, the four sepals are modified to one merged carpel that look like a ring in the sepal positions, enveloping some abnormal stamens and a pistil, and resulting in poor seed production...
2018: Frontiers in Plant Science
Tina R Kilburn, Merete Juul Sørensen, Mikael Thastum, Ronald M Rapee, Charlotte Ulrikka Rask, Kristian Bech Arendt, Per Hove Thomsen
BACKGROUND: Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is found in approximately 1% of the population and includes core symptoms that affect general and social development. Beside these core symptoms, it is suggested that up to 60% of children with ASD suffer from comorbid anxiety disorders which may further affect educational, social and general development as well as quality of life. The main goal of this study is to examine the effectiveness of a manualized cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) anxiety program adapted for children with ASD...
April 2, 2018: Trials
Evaldas Katilius, Andrew B Carmel, Heidi Koss, Dan O'Connell, Breanna C Smith, Glenn M Sanders, Greggory S LaBerge
We have demonstrated a proof of concept with affinity-based purification of sperm cells from mock forensic samples using SOMAmer™ reagents, DNA-based affinity reagents developed by SomaLogic, Inc. SOMAmer reagents were selected in vitro using whole-cell SELEX to bind specifically with intact, detergent-treated sperm cells. Successful separation of sperm from epithelial cells and their debris was demonstrated using buccal swabs with added semen. Primarily male DNA profiles were generated from sperm cells eluted from the types of cotton swabs typically used for rape kit evidence collection...
March 27, 2018: Forensic Science International. Genetics
Xian-Hai Lv, Zi-Li Ren, Hao Liu, Hai-Dong Li, Qing-Shan Li, Li Wang, Li-Song Zhang, Xiao-Kang Yao, Hai-Qun Cao
Acetohydroxy acid synthase (AHAS; EC, also referred to as acetolactate synthase, ALS) has been considered as an attractive target for the design of herbicides. In this work, an optimized pyrazole sulfonamide base scaffold was designed and introduced to derive novel potential AHAS inhibitors by introducing a pyrazole ring in flucarbazone. The results of in vivo herbicidal activity evaluation indicates compound 3b has the most potent activity with rape root length inhibition values of 81% at 100 mg/L, and exhibited the best inhibitory ability against Arabidopsis thaliana AHAS...
2018: Chemical & Pharmaceutical Bulletin
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