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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28642208/assessing-the-efficacy-of-imagery-enhanced-cognitive-behavioral-group-therapy-for-social-anxiety-disorder-study-protocol-for-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#1
Peter M McEvoy, Michelle L Moulds, Jessica R Grisham, Emily A Holmes, David A Moscovitch, Delia Hendrie, Lisa M Saulsman, Ottmar V Lipp, Robert T Kane, Ronald M Rapee, Matthew P Hyett, David M Erceg-Hurn
Cognitive behavior group therapy (CBGT) is effective for social anxiety disorder (SAD), but a substantial proportion of patients do not typically achieve normative functioning. Cognitive behavioral models of SAD emphasize negative self-imagery as an important maintaining factor, and evidence suggests that imagery is a powerful cognitive mode for facilitating affective change. This study will compare two group CBGT interventions, one that predominantly uses verbally-based strategies (VB-CBGT) and another that predominantly uses imagery-enhanced strategies (IE-CBGT), in terms of (a) efficacy, (b) mechanisms of change, and (c) cost-effectiveness...
June 19, 2017: Contemporary Clinical Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28641039/an-empirical-investigation-of-campus-demographics-and-reported-rapes
#2
Jacquelyn D Wiersma-Mosley, Kristen N Jozkowski, Taylor Martinez
OBJECTIVE: Rape on college campuses continues to be a pervasive public health issue with approximately 11% of women experiencing rape while in college. As such, it is important to examine factors unique to college campuses that influence the occurrences of rape. METHODS: Using data from 1,423 four-year universities (public and private with at least 1,000 students) from the Office of Education and the Clery Act (2014), we examined institutional risk factors, such as tuition, liquor violations, Greek-life, athletic programs, institution type (public vs...
June 22, 2017: Journal of American College Health: J of ACH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28640973/production-of-red-flowered-oilseed-rape-via-the-ectopic-expression-of-orychophragmus-violaceus-ovpap2
#3
Wenqin Fu, Daozong Chen, Qi Pan, Fengfeng Li, Zhigang Zhao, Xianhong Ge, Zaiyun Li
Oilseed rape (Brassica napus L.), which has yellow flowers, is both an important oil crop and a traditional tourism resource in China, whereas the Orychophragmus violaceus, which has purple flowers, likely possesses a candidate gene or genes to alter the flower color of oilseed rape. A previously established B. napus line has a particular pair of O. violaceus chromosomes (M4) and exhibits slightly red petals. In this study, the transcriptomic analysis of M4, B. napus (H3), and O. violaceus with purple petals (OvP) and with white petals (OvW) revealed that most anthocyanin biosynthesis genes were up-regulated in both M4 and OvP...
June 22, 2017: Plant Biotechnology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28638399/recent-genetic-gains-in-nitrogen-use-efficiency-in-oilseed-rape
#4
Andreas Stahl, Mara Pfeifer, Matthias Frisch, Benjamin Wittkop, Rod J Snowdon
Nitrogen is essential for plant growth, and N fertilization allows farmers to obtain high yields and produce sufficient agricultural commodities. On the other hand, nitrogen losses potentially cause adverse effects to ecosystems and to human health. Increasing nitrogen use efficiency (NUE) is vital to solve the conflict between productivity, to secure the demand of a growing world population, and the protection of the environment. To ensure this, genetic improvement is considered to be a paramount aspect toward ecofriendly crop production...
2017: Frontiers in Plant Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28630545/legal-knowledge-as-a-tool-for-social-change-la-mesa-por-la-vida-y-la-salud-de-las-mujeres-as-an-expert-on-colombian-abortion-law
#5
Ana Cristina González Vélez, Isabel Cristina Jaramillo
In May 2006, Colombia's Constitutional Court liberalized abortion, introducing three circumstances under which the procedure would not be considered a crime: (1) rape or incest; (2) a risk to the woman's health or life; and (3) fetal malformations incompatible with life. Immediately following the court's ruling, known as Sentence C-355, members of La Mesa por la Vida y Salud de las Mujeres (hereinafter La Mesa) began to mobilize to ensure the decision's implementation, bearing in mind the limited impact that the legal framework endorsed by the court has had in other countries in the region...
June 2017: Health and Human Rights
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28629968/inhibitor-tolerance-of-a-recombinant-flocculating-industrial-saccharomyces-cerevisiae-strain-during-glucose-and-xylose-co-fermentation
#6
Yun-Cheng Li, Zi-Xi Gou, Ying Zhang, Zi-Yuan Xia, Yue-Qin Tang, Kenji Kida
Lignocellulose-derived inhibitors have negative effects on the ethanol fermentation capacity of Saccharomyces cerevisiae. In this study, the effects of eight typical inhibitors, including weak acids, furans, and phenols, on glucose and xylose co-fermentation of the recombinant xylose-fermenting flocculating industrial S. cerevisiae strain NAPX37 were evaluated by batch fermentation. Inhibition on glucose fermentation, not that on xylose fermentation, correlated with delayed cell growth. The weak acids and the phenols showed additive effects...
June 3, 2017: Brazilian Journal of Microbiology: [publication of the Brazilian Society for Microbiology]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28627296/sexual-violation-of-patients-by-physicians-a-mixed-methods-exploratory-analysis-of-101-cases
#7
James M DuBois, Heidi A Walsh, John T Chibnall, Emily E Anderson, Michelle R Eggers, Mobolaji Fowose, Hannah Ziobrowski
A mixed-method, exploratory design was used to examine 101 cases of sexual violations in medicine. The study involved content analysis of cases to characterize the physicians, patient-victims, the practice setting, kinds of sexual violations, and consequences to the perpetrator. In each case, a criminal law framework was used to examine how motives, means, and opportunity combined to generate sexual misconduct. Finally, cross-case analysis was performed to identify clusters of causal factors that explain specific kinds of sexual misconduct...
June 1, 2017: Sexual Abuse: a Journal of Research and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28617524/high-prevalence-of-methicillin-resistant-coagulase-negative-staphylococci-isolated-from-a-university-environment-in-thailand
#8
Rathanin Seng, Udomluk Leungtongkam, Rapee Thummeepak, Wassana Chatdumrong, Sutthirat Sitthisak
The present study was conducted to isolate and characterize the molecular epidemiology of the methicillin-resistant staphylococci in the general university environment, where all five locations; the library, restrooms, canteens, computer rooms and outdoor surfaces, are in common use by a large population of students. We used Mannitol Salt Agar (MSA) supplemented with 4 μg/ml of oxacillin to screen the methicillin-resistant staphylococci. The species level was identified by PCR of rdr (Staphylococcus epidermidis), groESL (Staphylococcus haemolyticus) and nuc (Staphylococcus aureus and Staphylococcus warneri) genes and DNA sequencing of tuf and dnaJ genes...
June 2017: International Microbiology: the Official Journal of the Spanish Society for Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28615084/community-wide-stable-isotope-analysis-reveals-two-distinct-trophic-groups-in-a-service-providing-carabid-community
#9
S Kamenova, C Leroux, S E Polin, M Plantegenest
Disentangling trophic interactions among species is important for elucidating mechanisms underlying ecosystem functioning and services. Carabid beetles are an important guild of predators that may regulate pest populations in arable landscapes, but their generalist feeding behavior hinders predictions about their actual contribution to pest control. In order to assess carabids' potential for pest control, we simultaneously analyzed the carbon and nitrogen stable isotope ratios of a community of 45 co-occurring species in wheat and oilseed rape fields...
June 15, 2017: Bulletin of Entomological Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28614103/genocide-rape-trauma-management-an-integrated-framework-for-supporting-survivors
#10
Donatilla Mukamana, Petra Brysiewicz, Anthony Collins, William Rosa
During the 1994 Rwandan genocide, rape was widely used as a strategic weapon against Tutsi women. More than 20 years later, many of these women are still suffering devastating psychological, social, and physical effects of these experiences and remain in need of effective interventions that address their complex trauma. This article develops the theory of genocide rape trauma management as a conceptual framework for promoting the holistic health and recovery of female genocide rape survivors. A qualitative study using grounded theory explored the lived experiences of genocide rape survivors and led to the development of this model...
June 13, 2017: ANS. Advances in Nursing Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28601086/burden-and-characteristics-of-hiv-infection-among-female-sex-workers-in-kampala-uganda-a-respondent-driven-sampling-survey
#11
Wolfgang Hladik, Andrew L Baughman, David Serwadda, Jordan W Tappero, Rachel Kwezi, Namakula D Nakato, Joseph Barker
BACKGROUND: Sex workers in Uganda are at significant risk for HIV infection. We characterized the HIV epidemic among Kampala female sex workers (FSW). METHODS: We used respondent-driven sampling to sample FSW aged 15+ years who reported having sold sex to men in the preceding 30 days; collected data through audio-computer assisted self-interviews, and tested blood, vaginal and rectal swabs for HIV, syphilis, neisseria gonorrhea, chlamydia trachomatis, and trichomonas vaginalis...
June 10, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28598450/lower-genital-tract-trauma-in-a-tertiary-care-centre-in-mid-western-nepal
#12
A K Adhikari, M Dutta, C R Das
INTRODUCTION: The study of lower genital tract trauma has become important in gynaecological practice. There is paucity of reports on this clinical entity from our settings. The main aim of this study is to document injuries in female lower genital tract in Mid-Western Nepal. METHODS: Sixty female patients admitted to the hospital with genital tract injuries caused by coitus or accidents were included in the study. Details of the causes of trauma clinical presentations and management were recorded...
January 2017: JNMA; Journal of the Nepal Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28597993/one-step-extraction-and-hydrolysis-of-flavonoid-glycosides-in-rape-bee-pollen-based-on-soxhlet-assisted-matrix-solid-phase-dispersion
#13
Xijuan Tu, Shuangqin Ma, Zhaosheng Gao, Jing Wang, Shaokang Huang, Wenbin Chen
INTRODUCTION: Flavonoids are frequently found as glycosylated derivatives in plant materials. To determine contents of flavonoid aglycones in these matrices, procedures for the extraction and hydrolysis of flavonoid glycosides are required. The current sample preparation method is both labour and time consuming. OBJECTIVE: Develop a modified matrix solid phase dispersion (MSPD) procedure as an alternative methodology for the one-step extraction and hydrolysis of flavonoid glycosides...
June 9, 2017: Phytochemical Analysis: PCA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28597421/nitrogen-deficiency-impacts-on-leaf-cell-and-tissue-structure-with-consequences-for-senescence-associated-processes-in-brassica-napus
#14
Clément Sorin, Laurent Leport, Mireille Cambert, Alain Bouchereau, François Mariette, Maja Musse
Improvement of nutrient use efficiency is a major goal for several crop plants, especially Brassica napus. Indeed, the low nitrogen use efficiency (NUE) in this crop results in negative economic and ecological consequences. The low NUE of oilseed rape is mainly due to low remobilization of nitrogen from vegetative parts to growing organs. Remobilization of leaf nitrogen takes place during senescence, a process known to strongly modify cell and tissue structure. This study focused on the impact of moderate N depletion, expected to induce 30 % reduction of seed yield, on these structural modifications...
December 2016: Botanical Studies (Taipei, Taiwan)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28594951/transcriptome-profiling-analysis-reveals-the-role-of-silique-in-controlling-seed-oil-content-in-brassica-napus
#15
Ke-Lin Huang, Mei-Li Zhang, Guang-Jing Ma, Huan Wu, Xiao-Ming Wu, Feng Ren, Xue-Bao Li
Seed oil content is an important agronomic trait in oilseed rape. However, the molecular mechanism of oil accumulation in rapeseeds is unclear so far. In this report, RNA sequencing technique (RNA-Seq) was performed to explore differentially expressed genes in siliques of two Brassica napus lines (HFA and LFA which contain high and low oil contents in seeds, respectively) at 15 and 25 days after pollination (DAP). The RNA-Seq results showed that 65746 and 66033 genes were detected in siliques of low oil content line at 15 and 25 DAP, and 65236 and 65211 genes were detected in siliques of high oil content line at 15 and 25 DAP, respectively...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28594634/dissemination-of-blaoxa-23-blaoxa-24-blaoxa-58-and-blandm-1-genes-of-acinetobacter-baumannii-isolates-from-four-tertiary-hospitals-in-thailand
#16
Udomluk Leungtongkam, Rapee Thummeepak, Suchada Wongprachan, Pollawat Thongsuk, Thawatchai Kitti, Kwanjai Ketwong, Chakkaphan Runcharoen, Narisara Chantratita, Sutthirat Sitthisak
Acinetobacter baumannii is a major threat to public health due to the emergence and dissemination of antibiotic-resistant strains. The purpose of this study was to determine the molecular epidemiology of antibiotic-resistant A. baumannii isolates collected from four tertiary hospitals in Thailand during the period November 2013-February 2015. We screened 339 A. baumannii, nonrepetitive clinical isolates to determine drug susceptibility. Among all isolates, we found that 7.9% was nondrug-resistant A. baumannii (NR-AB)...
June 8, 2017: Microbial Drug Resistance: MDR: Mechanisms, Epidemiology, and Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28589545/tonic-immobility-during-sexual-assault-a-common-reaction-predicting-posttraumatic-stress-disorder-and-severe-depression
#17
Anna Möller, Hans Peter Söndergaard, Lotti Helström
Active resistance is considered to be the "normal" reaction during rape. However, studies have indicated that similar to animals, humans exposed to extreme threat may react with a state of involuntary, temporary motor inhibition known as tonic immobility. The aim of the present study was to assess the occurrence of tonic immobility during rape and subsequent posttraumatic stress disorder and severe depression MATERIAL AND METHODS: Tonic immobility at the time of the assault was assessed using the Tonic Immobility Scale in 298 women who had visited the Emergency clinic for raped women within 1 month of a sexual assault...
June 7, 2017: Acta Obstetricia et Gynecologica Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28588159/ramadan-perspective-epidemiology-and-education-in-diabetes-rapeed-study
#18
N I Siddiqui, M Kamrul-Hasan, M A Hossain, P K Chanda, M A Bakar, M Rahman, M A Kader
Ramadan fasting is one of the five pillars of Islam and is obligatory for all healthy adult and adolescent Muslims. A significant number of patients with diabetes observe fasting during Ramadan. The objectives of this Ramadan Perspective Epidemiology and Education in Diabetes (RAPEED) study were to find out the current knowledge, attitude, and practices about Ramadan fasting among people with diabetes in Bangladesh. This retrospective cross-sectional study recruited 648 subjects with diabetes mellitus attending the Endocrinology outpatient department of a tertiary level hospital of Bangladesh within two months of the end of Ramadan in 2016...
April 2017: Mymensingh Medical Journal: MMJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28586903/more-than-a-rape-kit
#19
Elizabeth Chang, Jocelyn Brown
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 6, 2017: Annals of Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28585427/uptake-transport-and-distribution-of-molybdenum-in-two-oilseed-rape-brassica-napus-l-cultivars-under-different-nitrate-ammonium-ratios
#20
Shi-Yu Qin, Xue-Cheng Sun, Cheng-Xiao Hu, Qi-Ling Tan, Xiao-Hu Zhao
OBJECTIVES: To investigate the effects of different nitrate sources on the uptake, transport, and distribution of molybdenum (Mo) between two oilseed rape (Brassica napus L.) cultivars, L0917 and ZS11. METHODS: A hydroponic culture experiment was conducted with four nitrate/ammonium (NO3(-):NH4(+)) ratios (14:1, 9:6, 7.5:7.5, and 1:14) at a constant nitrogen concentration of 15 mmol/L. We examined Mo concentrations in roots, shoots, xylem and phloem sap, and subcellular fractions of leaves to contrast Mo uptake, transport, and subcellular distribution between ZS11 and L0917...
June 2017: Journal of Zhejiang University. Science. B
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