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procedural sedation and analgesia

Mathew Clark, Esma Birisci, Jordan E Anderson, Christina M Anliker, Micheal A Bryant, Craig Downs, Abdallah Dalabih
BACKGROUND: Current guidelines adopted by the American Academy of Pediatrics calls for prolonged fasting times before performing pediatric procedural sedation and analgesia (PSA). PSA is increasingly provided to children outside of the operating theater by sedation trained pediatric providers and does not require airway manipulation. We investigated the safety of a shorter fasting time compared to a longer and guideline compliant fasting time. We tried to identify the association between fasting time and sedation-related complications...
September 2016: Anesthesia, Essays and Researches
Zhonghua Li, Honglian Wu, Renhong He, Xiaowei Hu, Shaoxiao Liu
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate oxycodone versus dezocine for postoperative analgesia in patients with cervical cancer treated with radical surgery. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Fifty-one cases of cervical cancer treated with radical surgery were included in the present study and divided into oxycodone group (n = 26) and dezocine group (n = 25). Patients in the oxycodone group were given with oxycodone 1 mg/kg plus tropisetron 0.1 mg/kg diluting to 100 ml by 0...
October 2016: Journal of Cancer Research and Therapeutics
Misty A Edmondson
Local, regional, and spinal anesthesias are safe, effective, often more desirable procedures for ruminants than general anesthesia. Many procedures can be performed safely and humanely in ruminants using a combination of physical restraint, mild sedation, and local, regional, or spinal anesthesia. This article focuses on the use of local anesthetics for providing anesthesia for dehorning, procedures of the nose and eye, laparotomy, reproductive procedures, teat repair, and procedures on the distal limb. Local, regional, and spinal anesthesia techniques are safe effective methods for providing anesthesia for common surgical procedures and analgesia for painful conditions in cattle and small ruminants...
November 2016: Veterinary Clinics of North America. Food Animal Practice
Sergey Motov, Steven Rosenbaum, Gary M Vilke, Yuko Nakajima
BACKGROUND: Whether acute or chronic, emergency physicians frequently encounter patients reporting pain. It is the responsibility of the emergency physician to assess and evaluate, and if appropriate, safely and effectively reduce pain. Recently, analgesics other than opioids are being considered in an effort to provide safe alternatives for pain management in the emergency department (ED). Opioids have significant adverse effects such as respiratory depression, hypotension, and sedation, to say nothing of their potential for abuse...
September 29, 2016: Journal of Emergency Medicine
Angela M Sousa, Giovanna M C Rosado, Jose de S Neto, Gabriel M N Guimarães, Hazem A Ashmawi
STUDY OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study is to compare the analgesic effect of intravenous infusion of magnesium sulfate to ketorolac during laparoscopic surgeries. DESIGN: Double-blind randomized controlled trial. SETTING: University-affiliated teaching hospital. PATIENTS: Sixty women submitted to laparoscopic gynecologic oncology surgeries. INTERVENTIONS: Intravenous ketorolac 30 mg in bolus followed by saline infusion (group K), intravenous magnesium sulfate 20 mg/kg in bolus followed by magnesium 2 mg kg(-1) h(-1) (group M) or intravenous saline solution 20 mL in bolus followed by saline infusion during the entire procedure (group S)...
November 2016: Journal of Clinical Anesthesia
Npm Kuijsters, B C Schoot, Haam Van Vliet
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2015: Journal of Minimally Invasive Gynecology
Ahmed H Othman, Ahmad M Abd El-Rahman, Fatma El Sherif
BACKGROUND: Breast surgery is an exceedingly common procedure with an increased incidence of acute and chronic pain. Pectoral nerve block is a novel peripheral nerve block alternative to neuro-axial and paravertebral blocks for ambulatory breast surgeries. OBJECTIVES: This study aims to compare the analgesic efficacy and safety of modified Pecs block with ketamine plus bupivacaine versus bupivacaine in patients undergoing breast cancer surgery. STUDY DESIGN: A randomized, double-blind, prospective study...
September 2016: Pain Physician
Jean François Ciais, Flora Tremellat, Maud Castelli-Prieto, Caroline Jestin
BACKGROUND: At the end of life, patients may feel refractory pain during care procedures although they receive appropriate analgesia. They can benefit from a short-term sedation. Propofol is used for procedural sedation in emergency or reanimation departments. It may be adapted in a palliative care unit. OBJECTIVE: The main objective was to verify whether propofol could allow us to administer care without causing major pain to patients with refractory pain at the end of life...
September 27, 2016: Journal of Palliative Medicine
Michael K Essandoh, Andrew J Otey, Mahmoud Abdel-Rasoul, Erica J Stein, Katja R Turner, Nicholas C Joseph, Emile G Daoud
BACKGROUND: To date, general anesthesia has been suggested as the preferred approach for implantation of a subcutaneous implantable cardioverter-defibrillator (S-ICD). The purpose of this study was to assess the use of monitored anesthesia care (MAC) for S-ICD implantation. The goals were to assess adequate sedation and analgesia (efficacy endpoints) and major perioperative airway or hemodynamic compromise (safety endpoints). The authors hypothesized that MAC may provide adequate sedation and analgesia and no major perioperative airway or hemodynamic compromise during S-ICD implantation and multiple defibrillation threshold (DFT) testing...
October 2016: Journal of Cardiothoracic and Vascular Anesthesia
Rachel Myers, Jeanette Lozenski, Matthew Wyatt, Maria Peña, Kayla Northrop, Dhaval Bhavsar, Anthony Kovac
Pain and sedation management for patients undergoing burn dressing change can be challenging. Variations appear to exist in the selection of medications before and during burn dressing change. To determine if institutional variations exist in pain and sedation management for burn dressing change, an online survey was sent to ABA Burn Center nurses and physicians. Three hundred seventy-eight anonymous responses were received from nurses (72%), nurse practitioners (10%), and physicians (18%). Burn centers had adult (22%), pediatric (12%), or pediatric and adult (66%) patients...
August 18, 2016: Journal of Burn Care & Research: Official Publication of the American Burn Association
Jinhua Zhang, Yong Huang, Zhao Li, Jian Li, Kunpeng Liu, Chenghui Li
PURPOSE: To compare the efficacy and remifentanil with midazolam for conscious sedation during endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP). METHODS: 99 patients scheduled for ERCP were randomly allocated to be treated with either meperidine/midazolam (group C, n = 33), remifentanil (group R, n = 33), or the remifentanil plus midazolam (group RM, n = 33). In group C, intermittent intravenous meperidine and midazolam were administrated during the procedure; in group R, remifentanil was infused continuously at a rate of 0...
August 29, 2016: International Journal of Clinical Pharmacology and Therapeutics
Charlotte Dewdney, Margaret MacDougall, Rachel Blackburn, Gavin Lloyd, Alasdair Gray
INTRODUCTION: Procedural sedation and analgesia (PSA) is commonplace in the ED. Previous studies have identified capnography as a reliable indicator of PSA-induced respiratory depression. This review investigates the potential effect on patient safety of the use of capnography in addition to standard monitoring for adult patients undergoing PSA in the ED. METHODS: MEDLINE, Embase, Scopus, CINAHL and Google Scholar were searched systematically for ED studies using capnography during PSA...
August 26, 2016: Emergency Medicine Journal: EMJ
William Clark, Paul Bird, Peter Gonski, Terrence H Diamond, Peter Smerdely, H Patrick McNeil, Glen Schlaphoff, Carl Bryant, Elizabeth Barnes, Val Gebski
BACKGROUND: We hypothesised that vertebroplasty provides effective analgesia for patients with poorly controlled pain and osteoporotic spinal fractures of less than 6 weeks' duration. The effectiveness of vertebroplasty, using an adequate vertebral fill technique, in fractures of less than 6 weeks' duration has not been specifically assessed by previously published masked trials. METHODS: This was a multicentre, randomised, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial of vertebroplasty in four hospitals in Sydney, Australia...
October 1, 2016: Lancet
Kate McGinnis, Eileen Murray, Brooke Cherven, Courtney McCracken, Curtis Travers
BACKGROUND: Applied mechanical vibration in pediatric and adult populations has been shown to be an effective analgesic for acute and chronic pain, including needle pain. Studies among the neonatal population are lacking. According to the Gate Control Theory, it is expected that applied mechanical vibration will have a summative effect with standard nonpharmacologic pain control strategies, reducing behavioral and physiologic pain responses to heel lancing. PURPOSE: To determine the safety and efficacy of mechanical vibration for relief of heel lance pain among neonates...
August 16, 2016: Advances in Neonatal Care: Official Journal of the National Association of Neonatal Nurses
Eric B Rosero, Esra Ozayar, Ted Mau, Girish P Joshi
Thyroplasty with arytenoid adduction, a combined procedure for treatment of unilateral vocal fold paralysis, is typically performed under local anesthesia with sedation to allow for intraoperative voice assessment. However, the need for patient immobility and suppression of laryngeal responses to surgical manipulation can make sedation-analgesia challenging. We describe our first 26 consecutive cases undergoing thyroplasty and arytenoid adduction with a standardized technique consisting of a combination of general anesthesia with tracheal intubation followed by sedation-analgesia...
August 13, 2016: Journal of Anesthesia
Thomas Gaisl, Daniel J Bratton, Ludwig T Heuss, Malcolm Kohler, Christian Schlatzer, Marco P Zalunardo, Martin Frey, Daniel Franzen
BACKGROUND: There is limited knowledge on practice patterns in procedural sedation and analgesia (PSA), the use of propofol, and monitoring during flexible bronchoscopy (FB). The purpose of this study was to assess the current practice patterns of FBs and to focus on the use of propofol, the education of the proceduralist, and the involvement of anaesthesiologists during FB. METHODS: An anonymous questionnaire was sent to 299 pulmonologists. Only respondents who were active physicians in adult respiratory medicine performing FB were subsequently analysed...
2016: BMC Pulmonary Medicine
Viviane G Nasr, James A DiNardo
OBJECTIVES: This review will focus on the pharmacokinetics (with an emphasis on the context-sensitive half-time), pharmacodynamics, and hemodynamic characteristics of the most commonly used sedative/hypnotic, analgesic, and IV anesthetics used in cardiac intensive care. In addition, the assessment of pain and agitation and withdrawal will be reviewed. DATA SOURCE: MEDLINE, PubMed. CONCLUSIONS: Children in the cardiac ICU often require one or more components of general anesthesia: analgesia, amnesia (sedation and hypnosis), and muscle relaxation to facilitate mechanical ventilation, to manage postoperative pain, to perform necessary procedures, and to alleviate fear and anxiety...
August 2016: Pediatric Critical Care Medicine
Eun Hee Chun, Myeong Jae Han, Hee Jung Baik, Hahck Soo Park, Rack Kyung Chung, Jong In Han, Hun Jung Lee, Jong Hak Kim
BACKGROUND: Dexmedetomidine as a sole agent showed limited use for painful procedures due to its insufficient sedative/analgesic effect, pronounced hemodynamic instability and prolonged recovery. The aim of this study was to compare the effects of dexmedetomidine-ketamine (DK) versus dexmedetomidine-midazolam-fentanyl (DMF) combination on the quality of sedation/analgesia and recovery profiles for monitored anesthesia care (MAC). METHODS: Fifty six patients undergoing chemoport insertion were randomly assigned to group DK or DMF...
2016: BMC Anesthesiology
Johanna M M van Breugel, Joost W Wijlemans, Hermanus H B Vaessen, Martijn de Greef, Chrit T W Moonen, Maurice A A J van den Bosch, Mario G Ries
BACKGROUND: Previous studies demonstrated both pre-clinically and clinically the feasibility of magnetic resonance-guided high-intensity focused ultrasound (MR-HIFU) ablations in the liver. To overcome the associated problem of respiratory motion of the ablation area, general anesthesia (GA) and mechanical ventilation was used in conjunction with either respiratory-gated energy delivery or energy delivery during induced apnea. However, clinical procedures requiring GA are generally associated with increased mortality, morbidity, and complication rate compared to procedural sedation and analgesia (PSA)...
2016: Journal of Therapeutic Ultrasound
Ian Ferguson, Anthony Bell, Greg Treston, Lisa New, Mingshuang Ding, Anna Holdgate
STUDY OBJECTIVE: We determine whether emergency physician-provided deep sedation with 1:1 ketofol versus propofol results in fewer adverse respiratory events requiring physician intervention when used for procedural sedation and analgesia. METHODS: Consenting patients requiring deep sedation were randomized to receive either ketofol or propofol in a double-blind fashion according to a weight-based dosing schedule. The primary outcome was the occurrence of a respiratory adverse event (desaturation, apnea, or hypoventilation) requiring an intervention by the sedating physician...
July 22, 2016: Annals of Emergency Medicine
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