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"Occupational therapy"

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28428111/reproductive-healthcare-experiences-of-women-with-cerebral-palsy
#1
Katharine Hayward, Angela Y Chen, Elizabeth Forbes, Rachel Byrne, Marcia B Greenberg, Eileen G Fowler
BACKGROUND: Little is known about pregnancy rates in women with disabilities in general and even less is known about women with child-onset disabilities such as cerebral palsy (CP). HYPOTHESIS: We hypothesized that discussions about pregnancy with healthcare providers and pregnancy rates for woman with CP would be related to their functional levels. METHODS: Survey methodology was used to gather information about demographics, function, whether women were asked about their desire for children, pregnancy outcomes, and services offered during pregnancy and postpartum...
April 5, 2017: Disability and Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28422643/occupational-therapy-interventions-for-adults-with-traumatic-brain-injury
#2
Steven Wheeler, Amanda Acord-Vira, Marian Arbesman, Deborah Lieberman
This Evidence Connection describes a case report of an adult with traumatic brain injury (TBI), applying the evidence for intervention from the systematic reviews on TBI that were conducted in conjunction with the American Occupational Therapy Association's (AOTA's) Evidence-Based Practice Project. The occupational therapy assessment and treatment processes for hospital, home, and community settings are described. Evidence Connection articles provide a clinical application of systematic reviews developed in conjunction with AOTA's Evidence-Based Practice Project...
May 2017: American Journal of Occupational Therapy: Official Publication of the American Occupational Therapy Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28422642/detection-and-treatment-of-autism-spectrum-disorder-by-occupational-therapy-practitioners-addressing-racial-disparity-in-diagnosis
#3
Varleisha D Gibbs
As the prevalence of autism spectrum disorder (ASD) continues to rise, racial disparities remain in age of diagnosis and initiation of treatment. Therefore, occupational therapy practitioners should examine cultural perceptions related to disparities in ASD diagnosis. This article investigates the role that practitioners may play in this disparity by asking, "Are occupational therapy practitioners contributing to the late diagnosis of children with ASD who are members of particular racial or ethnic groups?" Correlations among practitioners' detection of symptoms, parents' perceptions, and evaluator influences are investigated...
May 2017: American Journal of Occupational Therapy: Official Publication of the American Occupational Therapy Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28422638/resource-seeking-as-occupation-a-critical-and-empirical-exploration
#4
Rebecca M Aldrich, Debbie Laliberte Rudman, Virginia A Dickie
Occupational therapists and occupational scientists are committed to generating and using knowledge about occupation, but Western middle-class social norms regarding particular ways of doing have limited explorations of survival occupations. This article provides empirical evidence of the ways in which resource seeking constitutes an occupational response to situations of uncertain survival. Resource seeking includes a range of activities outside formal employment that aim to meet basic needs. On the basis of findings from 2 ethnographic studies, we critique the presumption of survival in guiding occupational therapy documents and the accompanying failure to recognize occupations that seem at odds with self-sufficiency...
May 2017: American Journal of Occupational Therapy: Official Publication of the American Occupational Therapy Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28422637/embedding-questions-during-online-lecture-capture-to-promote-learning-and-transfer-of-knowledge
#5
Lou Ann Griswold, Catherine E Overson, Victor A Benassi
We examined the effect of quizzing on students' ability to apply lecture content to clinical examples on an in-class exam. Fifty-six occupational therapy students in a graduate-level course completed three online modules that included lectures, slide presentations, demonstrations, and video clips. Throughout each module, students were given "Learning Moments," in which they were asked a question (Question condition); were asked to read a statement confirming the content presented (Study condition); or were not asked to do anything (Not Asked condition)...
May 2017: American Journal of Occupational Therapy: Official Publication of the American Occupational Therapy Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28422636/impact-of-pans-and-pandas-exacerbations-on-occupational-performance-a-mixed-methods-study
#6
Janice Trigilio Tona, Sutanuka Bhattacharjya, Denise Calaprice
OBJECTIVE: Pediatric acute-onset neuropsychiatric syndrome (PANS) includes pediatric autoimmune neuropsychiatric disorders associated with streptococcal infections and involves sudden-onset neuropsychiatric symptoms, including obsessions, compulsions, sensory difficulties, and dysgraphia after infection or other triggers. Our objective was to identify problems with areas of occupation, body functions, and performance skills during exacerbations. METHOD: In this online retrospective study, based on the Occupational Therapy Practice Framework: Domain and Process (2nd ed...
May 2017: American Journal of Occupational Therapy: Official Publication of the American Occupational Therapy Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28422625/characteristics-of-students-receiving-occupational-therapy-services-in-transition-and-factors-related-to-postsecondary-success
#7
Maria M Eismann, Rebecca Weisshaar, Cristina Capretta, Dennis S Cleary, Anne V Kirby, Andrew C Persch
OBJECTIVE: This study had a twofold purpose: (1) identify the characteristics of people with disabilities who received occupational therapy services during their transition to adulthood and (2) determine factors associated with their successful postsecondary transition. METHOD: This study was a secondary analysis of National Longitudinal Transition Study-2 data. Data analyses include descriptive statistics, binary logistic regression, and simple linear regression...
May 2017: American Journal of Occupational Therapy: Official Publication of the American Occupational Therapy Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28422624/occupational-therapy-s-role-in-cancer-survivorship-as-a-chronic-condition
#8
Mary Frances Baxter, Robin Newman, Sheila M Longpré, Katie M Polo
Improved medical care has resulted in a documented increase in cancer survivors in the United States. Cancer survivors face challenges in participation across all facets of life as a result of the cancer and subsequent cancer treatments. Long-term and late-term sequelae can result in impairments in neurological systems, decreased stamina, loss of range of motion, and changes in sensation and cognition. These impairments are often long lasting, which categorizes cancer survivorship as a chronic condition. This categorization presents treatment challenges, especially in creating rehabilitation and habilitation service options that support cancer survivors...
May 2017: American Journal of Occupational Therapy: Official Publication of the American Occupational Therapy Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28420244/occupation-based-practices-and-homelessness-a-scoping-review
#9
Laurence Roy, Catherine Vallée, Bonnie H Kirsh, Carrie Anne Marshall, Rebecca Marval, Alissa Low
BACKGROUND: Persons experiencing or at risk of homelessness have occupational needs that are seldom addressed in the Canadian system of care. The lack of documented evidence on occupational therapy practices in this field hinders the development of the profession. PURPOSE: This article identifies current and potential practices that aim to enable or support the occupations of persons experiencing or at risk of homelessness. METHOD: A scoping review was conducted, including evidence from both occupational therapy and non-occupational therapy sources...
January 1, 2017: Canadian Journal of Occupational Therapy. Revue Canadienne D'ergothérapie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28409696/collaborative-occupational-therapy-teachers-impressions-of-the-partnering-for-change-p4c-model
#10
A L Wilson, S R Harris
AIMS: Occupational therapists (OTs) often face barriers when trying to collaborate with teachers in school-based settings. Partnering for change (P4C), a collaborative practice model designed to support children with developmental coordination disorder, could potentially support all students with special needs. Therefore, the aim of this study was to explore how teachers experience OT services delivered using the P4C model to support children with a variety of special needs. METHODS: P4C was implemented at one elementary school in Courtenay, British Columbia...
April 14, 2017: Physical & Occupational Therapy in Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28407724/psychometric-properties-of-the-norwegian-self-efficacy-for-therapeutic-mode-use-n-setmu
#11
Tore Bonsaksen, Tove Carstensen
BACKGROUND: According to the Intentional Relationship Model (IRM), the intentional use of relational approaches in therapy (therapeutic modes) is essential for obtaining successful relationships to clients. There have been no attempts to combine the IRM with self-efficacy theory, and instruments for measuring self-efficacy for therapeutic mode use are lacking. AIM: This study aimed to examine the component structure and internal consistency of the Norwegian version of the Self-Efficacy for Therapeutic Mode Use (N-SETMU)...
April 14, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28402208/a-dynamic-approach-for-outpatient-scheduling
#12
James Creps, Vahid Lotfi
AIMS: Patient no-show is a recurrent problem in medical centers and, in conjunction with cancellation of appointments, often results in loss of productivity and excessive patient time to appointment. The purpose of this study was to develop a dynamic procedure for scheduling patients within an outpatient clinic where patients are expected to have multiple appointments, such as physical therapy, occupational therapy, primary care, and dentistry. METHODS: This retrospective study involved the year 2014 de-identified patient records from an outpatient clinic affiliated with a large university hospital...
April 12, 2017: Journal of Medical Economics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28400222/self-reported-health-and-safety-awareness-improves-prediction-of-level-of-care-needs-in-veterans-discharged-from-a-post-acute-unit
#13
Julija Stelmokas, Linas A Bieliauskas, Katherine A Kitchen Andren, Robert Hogikyan, Neil B Alexander
OBJECTIVES: Evaluate the differential value of a self-reported health and safety awareness measure relative to other medical, psychosocial, and cognitive factors in predicting level of care (LOC) needs following hospital discharge. DESIGN: Retrospective medical record review. SETTING: Community Living Center Post-Acute Care (CLC-PAC) unit at a Veterans Affairs (VA) hospital. PARTICIPANTS: 175 Veterans admitted to the VA hospital or directly to the CLC-PAC from home...
April 8, 2017: PM & R: the Journal of Injury, Function, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28399219/a-multidisciplinary-intervention-to-prevent-subsequent-falls-and-health-service-use-following-fall-related-paramedic-care-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#14
A Stefanie Mikolaizak, Stephen R Lord, Anne Tiedemann, Paul Simpson, Gideon A Caplan, Jason Bendall, Kirsten Howard, Lyndell Webster, Narelle Payne, Sarah Hamilton, Joanne Lo, Elisabeth Ramsay, Sandra O'Rourke, Linda Roylance, J C Close
Background: approximately 25% of older people who fall and receive paramedic care are not subsequently transported to an emergency department (ED). These people are at high risk of future falls, unplanned healthcare use and poor health outcomes. Objective: to evaluate the impact of a fall-risk assessment and tailored fall prevention interventions among older community-dwellers not transported to ED following a fall on subsequent falls and health service use. Design, setting, participants: Randomised controlled trial involving 221 non-transported older fallers from Sydney, Australia...
March 1, 2017: Age and Ageing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28398984/experiences-of-pre-licensure-or-pre-registration-health-professional-students-and-their-educators-in-working-with-intra-professional-teams-a-qualitative-systematic-review
#15
Diane L Butcher, Karen MacKinnon, Anne Bruce, Carol Gordon, Clare Koning
BACKGROUND: Inter-professional initiatives are prevalent in the healthcare landscape, requiring professionals to collaborate effectively to provide quality patient care. Little attention has been given to intra-professional relationships, where professionals within one disciplinary domain (such as degree and diploma nursing students) collaborate to provide care. New care models are being introduced where baccalaureate and diploma students of a particular discipline (such as nursing, occupational therapy, dentistry or physiotherapy) work closely together in teams to deliver care...
April 2017: JBI Database of Systematic Reviews and Implementation Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28398624/patient-mediated-interventions-are-an-under-utilised-approach-to-increasing-knowledge-translation-in-occupational-therapy
#16
EDITORIAL
Kate Laver
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2017: Australian Occupational Therapy Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28398623/it-is-not-yet-established-whether-occupational-therapy-for-people-after-total-hip-arthroplasty-is-effective-in-improving-outcomes-or-reducing-the-risk-of-adverse-events
#17
Kate Laver, Bianca Summers
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2017: Australian Occupational Therapy Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28389108/physical-and-occupational-therapy-from-the-acute-to-community-setting-following-stroke-predictors-of-use-continuity-of-care-and-timeliness-of-care
#18
Janet K Freburger, Dongmei Li, Anna Johnson, Erin Fraher
OBJECTIVE: To identify predictors of therapist use (any use, continuity of care, and timing of care) in the acute care hospital and community (home or outpatient) for patients discharged home following stroke. DESIGN: Retrospective cohort analysis of Medicare claims (2010-2013) linked to hospital-level and county-level data. SETTING: Acute care hospital and community. PARTICIPANTS: Patients who survived the first 30 days at home after being discharged from an acute care hospital following stroke (N=23,413)...
April 4, 2017: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28387447/withdrawn-interventions-for-fatigue-and-weight-loss-in-adults-with-advanced-progressive-illness
#19
REVIEW
Cathy Payne, Philip J Wiffen, Suzanne Martin
BACKGROUND: Fatigue and unintentional weight loss are two of the commonest symptoms experienced by people with advanced progressive illness. Appropriate interventions may bring considerable improvements in function and quality of life to seriously ill people and their families, reducing physical, psychological and spiritual distress. OBJECTIVES: To conduct an overview of the evidence available on the efficacy of interventions used in the management of fatigue and/or unintentional weight loss in adults with advanced progressive illness by reviewing the evidence contained within Cochrane reviews...
April 7, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28386952/student-perspectives-of-a-student-led-groups-program-model-of-professional-practice-education-in-a-brain-injury-rehabilitation-unit
#20
Freyr Patterson, Jennifer Fleming, Kathryn Marshall, Nadine Ninness
BACKGROUND/AIM: Professional practice education is a core and essential component of occupational therapy training. With increasing numbers of education programmes and more students requiring professional practice placements, development of innovative models of professional practice education has emerged, but these require investigation. The aim of this study was to investigate student experiences and perceptions of the Student-Led Groups Program model of professional practice education in an inpatient brain injury rehabilitation unit...
April 7, 2017: Australian Occupational Therapy Journal
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