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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27904234/allocation-of-rehabilitation-services-for-older-adults-in-the-ontario-home-care-system
#1
Joshua J Armstrong, Joanie Sims-Gould, Paul Stolee
Background: Physiotherapy and occupational therapy services can play a critical role in maintaining or improving the physical functioning, quality of life, and overall independence of older home care clients. Despite their importance, however, there is limited understanding of the factors that influence how rehabilitation services are allocated to older home care clients. The aim of this pilot study was to develop a preliminary understanding of the factors that influence decisions to allocate rehabilitation therapy services to older clients in the Ontario home care system, as perceived by three stakeholder groups...
2016: Physiotherapy Canada. Physiothérapie Canada
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27903077/approaches-to-learning-among-occupational-therapy-undergraduate-students-a-cross-cultural-study
#2
Ted Brown, Kenneth N K Fong, Tore Bonsaksen, Tan Hwei Lan, Yuki Murdolo, Pablo Cruz Gonzalez, Lim Hua Beng
BACKGROUND: Students may adopt various approaches to academic learning. Occupational therapy students' approaches to study and the impact of cultural context have not been formally investigated to date. AIM: To examine the approaches to study adopted by undergraduate occupational therapy students from four different cultural settings. METHOD: 712 undergraduate occupational therapy students (n = 376 from Australia, n = 109 from Hong Kong, n = 160 from Norway and n = 67 from Singapore) completed the Approaches and Study Skills Inventory for Students (ASSIST)...
November 30, 2016: Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27901600/the-role-of-the-built-environment-how-decentralized-nurse-stations-shape-communication-patient-care-processes-and-patient-outcomes
#3
Kevin Real, Shoshana H Bardach, David R Bardach
Increasingly, health communication scholars are attending to how hospital built environments shape communication, patient care processes, and patient outcomes. This multimethod study was conducted on two floors of a newly designed urban hospital. Nine focus groups interviews were conducted with 35 health care professionals from 10 provider groups. Seven of the groups were homogeneous by profession or level: nursing (three groups), nurse managers (two groups), and one group each of nurse care technicians ("techs") and physicians...
November 30, 2016: Health Communication
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27893579/the-psychological-impact-of-first-burn-camp-in-nicaragua
#4
Lisa L Tropez-Arceneaux, Arlen Tatiana Castillo Alaniz, Ivette Lucia Icaza, Eevelyn Alejandra Murillo
Asociacion Pro-Ninos Quemados de Nicaragua (APROQUEN) is a comprehensive burn center that provides a holistic and integrated approach to treating burns. APROQUEN has set the standards internationally with acute treatment for burns, intensive care, reconstructive surgeries, nutritional care, rehabilitation, occupational therapy, and psychological treatment. APROQUEN is excelling within Central and South America with life-saving techniques and quality of care. It is imperative that burn centers in Central America recognize that the treatment of a child with a burn injury surpasses physical care to include psychological treatment for the complete well-being of the child...
November 11, 2016: Journal of Burn Care & Research: Official Publication of the American Burn Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27893087/targeting-functional-decline-in-alzheimer-disease-a-randomized-trial
#5
Christopher M Callahan, Malaz A Boustani, Arlene A Schmid, Michael A LaMantia, Mary G Austrom, Douglas K Miller, Sujuan Gao, Denisha Y Ferguson, Kathleen A Lane, Hugh C Hendrie
Background: Alzheimer disease results in progressive functional decline, leading to loss of independence. Objective: To determine whether collaborative care plus 2 years of home-based occupational therapy delays functional decline. Design: Randomized, controlled clinical trial. (ClinicalTrial.gov: NCT01314950). Setting: Urban public health system. Patients: 180 community-dwelling participants with Alzheimer disease and their informal caregivers...
November 22, 2016: Annals of Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27887610/integral-strategy-to-supportive-care-in-breast-cancer-survivors-through-occupational-therapy-and-a-m-health-system-design-of-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#6
Mario Lozano-Lozano, Lydia Martín-Martín, Noelia Galiano-Castillo, Francisco Álvarez-Salvago, Irene Cantarero-Villanueva, Carolina Fernández-Lao, Carmen Sánchez-Salado, Manuel Arroyo-Morales
BACKGROUND: Technological support using e-health mobile applications (m-health) is a promising strategy to improve the adherence to healthy lifestyles in breast cancer survivors (excess in energy intake or low physical activity are determinants of the risk of recurrence, second cancers and cancer mortality). Moreover, cancer rehabilitation programs supervised by health professionals are needed due to the inherent characteristics of these breast cancer patients. Our main objective is to compare the clinical efficacy of a m-health lifestyle intervention system alone versus an integral strategy to improve Quality of Life in breast cancer survivors...
November 25, 2016: BMC Medical Informatics and Decision Making
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27882579/learner%C3%A2-%C3%A2-preceptor-ratios-for-practice-based-learning-across-health-disciplines-a-systematic-review
#7
Peter Loewen, Michael Legal, Allison Gamble, Kieran Shah, Stacey Tkachuk, Peter Zed
CONTEXT: Practice-based learning is a cornerstone of developing clinical and professional competence in health disciplines. Practice-based learning systems have many interacting components, but a key facet is the number of learners per preceptor. Different learner : preceptor ratios may have unique benefits and pose unique challenges for participants. This is the first comprehensive systematic review of the topic. Our research questions were: What are the benefits and challenges of each learner : preceptor ratio in practice-based learning from the perspectives of the learners, preceptors, patients and stakeholder organisations (i...
November 23, 2016: Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27881585/partial-interhemispheric-disconnection-syndrome-p-ihds-secondary-to-marchiafava-bignami-disease-type-b-mbd-b
#8
Carlo Canepa, Lorena Arias
A 53-year-old man with a 35-year history of excessive alcohol intake presents to our neurology department with 4-year history of progressive neurocognitive deterioration and disconnection syndrome. MRI head demonstrates extensive demyelination of the corpus callosum (and of extracallosal sites as well), leading to a diagnosis of Marchiafava-Bignami disease. He was given treatment with vitamin B complex (including folate) and was assessed and managed by psychology, occupational therapy and physiotherapy with initial signs of improvement...
November 23, 2016: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27880065/fluctuations-in-the-emotional-intelligence-of-therapy-students-during-clinical-placements-implication-for-educators-supervisors-and-students
#9
Nigel Gribble, Richard K Ladyshewsky, Richard Parsons
This study investigated the changes in emotional intelligence (EI) of occupational therapy, physiotherapy, and speech pathology students (therapy students). Clinical placements have multiple benefits including the development of interprofessional skills, enhancing practice skills and interpersonal skills. Higher EI competencies have been shown to have a positive impact on patient outcomes, teamwork skills, dealing with stress, and patient satisfaction. Data for this study were collected at two time points: before third-year therapy students commenced extended clinical placements (T1 with 261 students) and approximately 7 months later after students had completed one or more clinical placements (T2 with 109 students)...
November 23, 2016: Journal of Interprofessional Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27875018/the-process-and-challenges-of-obtaining-and-sustaining-clinical-placements-for-nursing-and-allied-health-students
#10
Christine Taylor, Liz Angel, Lucy Nyanga, Cathy Dickson
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: This paper describes the process and challenges from a project that aimed to develop processes, source new placements, and place students primarily in the discipline of Nursing, but also Occupational Therapy, Physiotherapy, Podiatry, Social Work, and Speech Therapy. BACKGROUND: Clinical experience in health facilities is an essential element of health professional education, yet globally there is a lack of clinical placements to meet demands...
November 22, 2016: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27864586/lifetime-prevalence-of-and-factors-associated-with-non-traumatic-musculoskeletal-pains-amongst-surgeons-and-patients
#11
David N Bernstein, Ankit Sood, Jos J Mellema, Yue Li, David Ring
PURPOSE: There is evidence that surgeons make different recommendations for people seeking their care than they make for themselves. There may also be differences in pain episodes and management strategies between surgeons and people seeking care, knowledge of which might improve care. We aimed to assess whether the prevalence of non-traumatic pains, treatments and other factors differed between patients and surgeons. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Two-hundred and twenty surgeons, members of the Science of Variation Group (SOVG), and 248 patients seeking care at the Hand Service at a large academic hospital completed a survey regarding the lifetime incidence of non-traumatic pains lasting > one month using short versions of the Pain Catastrophising Scale (PCS-4); Patient Health Questionnaire (PHQ-2); and Short Health Anxiety Inventory (SHAI-5)...
November 18, 2016: International Orthopaedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27859334/relationship-based-approaches-in-early-childhood-intervention-are-these-applicable-to-paediatric-occupational-therapy-under-the-ndis
#12
Jacqueline Barfoot, Pamela Meredith, Jenny Ziviani, Koa Whittingham
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 17, 2016: Australian Occupational Therapy Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27859321/practice-education-a-snapshot-from-australian-university-programmes
#13
Louise Gustafsson, Ted Brown, Carol McKinstry, Anne-Maree Caine
BACKGROUND/AIM: Practice education is an integral component of the learning process for occupational therapy students. The dramatic increase in Australian occupational therapy programmes and students enrolled over the last decade is placing exponential demands on universities and practice education providers to meet accreditation and registration requirements. This study aimed to explore practice education from the perspectives of Australian occupational therapy university programmes...
November 10, 2016: Australian Occupational Therapy Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27858951/an-occupational-therapy-fall-reduction-home-visit-program-for-community-dwelling-older-adults-in-hong-kong-after-an-emergency-department-visit-for-a-fall
#14
Mary Man-Lai Chu, Kenneth Nai-Kuen Fong, Albert Chau-Hung Lit, Timothy Hudson Rainer, Stella Wai-Chee Cheng, Frederick Lap-Yan Au, Henry Kwok-Kwong Fung, Chit-Ming Wong, Hon-Kuan Tong
OBJECTIVES: To investigate the effects of an occupational therapy fall reduction home visit program for older adults admitted to the emergency department (ED) for a fall and discharged directly home. DESIGN: Single-blind, multicenter, randomized, controlled trial. SETTINGS: EDs in three acute care hospitals in Hong Kong. PARTICIPANTS: Individuals aged 65 and older who had fallen (N = 311). INTERVENTIONS: After screening for eligibility, 204 consenting individuals were randomly assigned to an intervention group (IG) and received a single home visit from an occupational therapist (OT) within 2 weeks after discharge from the hospital or a control group (CG) and received a well-wishing visit from a research assistant not trained in fall prevention...
November 17, 2016: Journal of the American Geriatrics Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27856838/otjr-journal-special-issue-on-occupational-therapy-and-public-health-call-for-papers
#15
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2016: OTJR: Occupation, Participation and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27852229/access-timing-and-frequency-of-very-early-stroke-rehabilitation-insights-from-the-baden-wuerttemberg-stroke-registry
#16
Björn Reuter, Christoph Gumbinger, Tamara Sauer, Horst Wiethölter, Ingo Bruder, Curt Diehm, Peter A Ringleb, Werner Hacke, Michael G Hennerici, Rolf Kern
BACKGROUND: While the precise timing and intensity of very early rehabilitation (VER) after stroke onset is still under discussion, its beneficial effect on functional disability is generally accepted. The recently published randomized controlled AVERT trial indicated that patients with severe stroke might be more susceptible to harmful side effects of VER, which we hypothesized is contrary to current clinical practice. We analyzed the Baden-Wuerttemberg stroke registry to gain insight into the application of VER in acute ischemic stroke (IS) and intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH) in clinical practice...
November 16, 2016: BMC Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27847706/reliability-and-validity-of-korean-version-of-apraxia-screen-of-tulia-k-ast
#17
Soo Jin Kim, You-Na Yang, Jong Won Lee, Jin-Youn Lee, Eunhwa Jeong, Bo-Ram Kim, Jongmin Lee
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the reliability and validity of Korean version of AST (K-AST) as a bedside screening test of apraxia in patients with stroke for early and reliable detection. METHODS: AST was translated into Korean, and the translated version received authorization from the author of AST. The performances of K-AST in 26 patients (21 males, 5 females; mean age 65.42±17.31 years) with stroke (23 ischemic, 3 hemorrhagic) were videotaped. To test the reliability and validity of K-AST, the recorded performances were assessed by two physiatrists and two occupational therapists twice at a 1-week interval...
October 2016: Annals of Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27846851/physical-activity-outside-of-structured-therapy-during-inpatient-spinal-cord-injury-rehabilitation
#18
Dominik Zbogar, Janice J Eng, William C Miller, Andrei V Krassioukov, Mary C Verrier
BACKGROUND: Little information exists on the content of inpatient rehabilitation stay when individuals with spinal cord injury (SCI) are not engaged in structured rehabilitation therapy sessions. Investigation of inpatient therapy content is incomplete without the context of activities outside of this time. We sought to quantify physical activity occurring outside of physical therapy (PT) and occupational therapy (OT) sessions during inpatient SCI rehabilitation and examine how this activity changes over time from admission to discharge...
November 15, 2016: Journal of Neuroengineering and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27843007/a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-intensive-multidisciplinary-intervention-for-pediatric-feeding-disorders-how-standard-is-the-standard-of-care
#19
William G Sharp, Valerie M Volkert, Lawrence Scahill, Courtney E McCracken, Barbara McElhanon
OBJECTIVE: To assess models of care and conduct a meta-analysis of program outcomes for children receiving intensive, multidisciplinary intervention for pediatric feeding disorders. STUDY DESIGN: We searched Medline, PsycINFO, and PubMed databases (2000-2015) in peer-reviewed journals for studies that examined the treatment of children with chronic food refusal receiving intervention at day treatment or inpatient hospital programs. Inclusion criteria required the presentation of quantitative data on food consumption, feeding behavior, and/or growth status before and after intervention...
November 8, 2016: Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27842579/does-occupational-therapy-reduce-the-need-for-surgery-in-carpometacarpal-osteoarthritis-protocol-for-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#20
Ingvild Kjeken, Ruth Else Mehl Eide, Åse Klokkeide, Karin Hoegh Matre, Monika Olsen, Petter Mowinckel, Øyvor Andreassen, Siri Darre, Randi Nossum
BACKGROUND: In the absence of disease-modifying interventions for hand osteoarthritis (OA), occupational therapy (OT) comprising patient education, hand exercises, assistive devices and orthoses are considered as core treatments, whereas surgery are recommended for those with severe carpometacarpal (CMC1) OA. However, even though CMC1 surgery may reduce pain and improve function, the risk of adverse effects is high, and randomized controlled trials comparing surgery with non-surgical interventions are warranted...
November 15, 2016: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
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