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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28525651/selecting-elephant-grass-families-and-progenies-to-produce-bioenergy-through-mixed-models-reml-blup
#1
E V Rodrigues, R F Daher, A Dos Santos, M Vivas, J C Machado, G do A Gravina, Y P de Souza, A K Vidal, A Dos S Rocha, R S Freitas
Brazil has great potential to produce bioenergy since it is located in a tropical region that receives high incidence of solar energy and presents favorable climatic conditions for such purpose. However, the use of bioenergy in the country is below its productivity potential. The aim of the current study was to select full-sib progenies and families of elephant grass (Pennisetum purpureum S.) to optimize phenotypes relevant to bioenergy production through mixed models (REML/BLUP). The circulating diallel-based crossing of ten elephant grass genotypes was performed...
May 18, 2017: Genetics and Molecular Research: GMR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28524546/inflammatory-bowel-disease-is-presenting-sooner-after-immigration-in-more-recent-us-immigrants-from-cuba
#2
O M Damas, D J Avalos, A M Palacio, L Gomez, M A Quintero, A R Deshpande, D A Sussman, J L McCauley, J Lopez, S J Schwartz, M T Abreu
BACKGROUND: Despite a rising incidence of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) in Hispanics in the United States, there are no studies examining the relationship between immigrant generation and IBD onset among Hispanics. AIMS: To determine whether age of IBD diagnosis, time from immigration to IBD diagnosis and IBD phenotype, differed across immigration periods in South Florida Cuban immigrants. METHODS: This was a cohort of consecutively identified Cuban-born adults who developed IBD in the United States and were followed in gastroenterology (GI) clinic...
May 19, 2017: Alimentary Pharmacology & Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28516037/zika-virus-infection-in-a-newly-married-greek-couple
#3
Petros Ioannou, Stella Soundoulounaki, Nikolaos Spernovasilis, Elpida Papadopoulou, Anna Papa, Achilleas Gikas
Zika virus (ZIKV) is a member of the Flaviviridae family causing asymptomatic or mildly symptomatic infections with fever, rash, arthralgia and headache. It is transmitted by the Aedes species mosquitoes and also sexually and transplacentally, and has been recently associated with congenital neurologic birth defects in South and Central America. We report the case of a newly married couple from Greece who travelled to Cuba for their honeymoon and developed mild symptoms consistent with arboviral infection. After returning to Greece, they were found to have been infected by Zika virus during their honeymoon...
2017: IDCases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28500389/degradation-of-phospholipids-under-different-types-of-irradiation-and-varying-oxygen-saturation
#4
Luděk Vyšín, Kateřina Tomanová, Tereza Pavelková, Richard Wagner, Marie Davídková, Viliam Múčka, Václav Čuba, Libor Juha
The effects of different types of radiation on the formation of peroxide forms of 2-dioleoyl-sn-glycero-3-phosphocholine were studied under various conditions. For the irradiation, an aqueous solution of small unilamellar vesicles was prepared. Variations in parameters such as the dose rate and molecular oxygen saturation levels were evaluated. Our study suggests that the mechanism of the peroxides formation process remains unchanged under irradiation by accelerated electrons, gamma and accelerated protons...
May 12, 2017: Radiation and Environmental Biophysics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28487706/evolution-and-expression-patterns-of-cyc-tb1-genes-in-anacyclus-phylogenetic-insights-for-floral-symmetry-genes-in-asteraceae
#5
María A Bello, Pilar Cubas, Inés Álvarez, Guillermo Sanjuanbenito, Javier Fuertes-Aguilar
Homologs of the CYC/TB1 gene family have been independently recruited many times across the eudicots to control aspects of floral symmetry The family Asteraceae exhibits the largest known diversification in this gene paralog family accompanied by a parallel morphological floral richness in its specialized head-like inflorescence. In Asteraceae, whether or not CYC/TB1 gene floral symmetry function is preserved along organismic and gene lineages is unknown. In this study, we used phylogenetic, structural and expression analyses focused on the highly derived genus Anacyclus (tribe Anthemidae) to address this question...
2017: Frontiers in Plant Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28487212/mapping-the-ecoepidemiology-of-zika-virus-infection-in-urban-and-rural-areas-of-pereira-risaralda-colombia-2015-2016-implications-for-public-health-and-travel-medicine
#6
Alfonso J Rodriguez-Morales, Pablo Ruiz, Javier Tabares, Carlos Augusto Ossa, Maria Camila Yepes-Echeverry, Valeria Ramirez-Jaramillo, Maria Leonor Galindo-Marquez, Carlos Julian García-Loaiza, Juan Alejandro Sabogal-Roman, Esteban Parra-Valencia, Guillermo J Lagos-Grisales, Carlos O Lozada-Riascos, Cornelis A de Pijper, Martin P Grobusch
OBJECTIVE: Geographical information systems (GIS) have been demonstrated earlier to be of great use to inform public health action against vector-borne infectious diseases. METHODS: Using surveillance data on the ongoing ZIKV outbreak from Pereira, Colombia (2015-2016), we estimated incidence rates (cases/100,000 population), and developed maps correlating with the ecoepidemiology of the area. RESULTS: Up to October 8, 2016, 439 cases of ZIKV were reported in Pereira (93 cases/100,000 pop...
May 6, 2017: Travel Medicine and Infectious Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28469817/no-relationship-between-baseline-salivary-alpha-amylase-and-state-trait-anxiety-inventory-score-in-drug-na%C3%A3-ve-patients-with-short-illness-duration-first-episode-major-depressive-disorder-an-exploratory-study
#7
Joanna Szarmach, Wiesław-Jerzy Cubała, Jerzy Landowski, Anna Chrzanowska
BACKGROUND: Salivary α-amylase (sAA) activity alternations are observed in major depressive disorder (MDD) being associated with depression severity and its specific psychopathological dimensions with anxiety being attributed to distress. No data is available on sAA in MDD according to Hamilton Rating Scale for Depression (HAMD-17) and State-Trait Anxiety Inventory (STAI). The exploratory study examines whether and to what extent baseline sAA level is interrelated to the psychopathological features including severity of symptoms and specific psychopathological dimensions...
April 2017: Journal of Clinical and Experimental Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28463499/advancing-homogeneous-antimicrobial-glycoconjugate-vaccines
#8
Roberto Adamo
Since 2004, when the first synthetic glycoconjugate vaccine against the pneumonia and meningitis causing bacterium Haemophilus influenza type b (Hib) approved for human use in Cuba was reported, 34 million doses of the synthetic vaccine have been already distributed in several countries under the commercial name of Quimi-Hib. However, despite the success of this product, no other synthetic glycoconjugate vaccine has been licensed in the following 13 years. As well as avoiding the need to handle pathogens, synthetic glycoconjugates offer clear advantages in terms of product characterization and the possibility to understand the parameters influencing immunogenicity...
May 2, 2017: Accounts of Chemical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28459816/isotopic-reconstruction-of-the-weaning-process-in-the-archaeological-population-of-can%C3%A3-mar-abajo-cuba-a-bayesian-probability-mixing-model-approach
#9
Yadira Chinique de Armas, Mirjana Roksandic, Dejana Nikitović, Roberto Rodríguez Suárez, David Smith, Nadine Kanik, Dailys García Jordá, William M Buhay
The general lack of well-preserved juvenile skeletal remains from Caribbean archaeological sites has, in the past, prevented evaluations of juvenile dietary changes. Canímar Abajo (Cuba), with a large number of well-preserved juvenile and adult skeletal remains, provided a unique opportunity to fully assess juvenile paleodiets from an ancient Caribbean population. Ages for the start and the end of weaning and possible food sources used for weaning were inferred by combining the results of two Bayesian probability models that help to reduce some of the uncertainties inherent to bone collagen isotope based paleodiet reconstructions...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28457742/from-individual-to-herd-protection-with-pneumococcal-vaccines-the-contribution-of-the-cuban-pneumococcal-conjugate-vaccine-implementation-strategy
#10
Nivaldo Linares-Pérez, María E Toledo-Romaní, Darielys Santana-Mederos, Anaí García-Fariñas, Dagmar García-Rivera, Yury Valdés-Balbín, Vicente Vérez-Bencomo
A new pneumococcal conjugate vaccine is currently undergoing advanced clinical evaluation prior to its planned introduction in Cuba. The implementation of the pneumococcal vaccination strategy has been designed with consideration of the need to maximize both its direct and indirect effects. A novel approach is suggested, which addresses preschool children as the first-line target group to generate herd immunity in infants and to have an impact on transmission at the community level. The clinical evaluation pipeline is described herein, including evaluations of effectiveness, cost-effectiveness, and impact...
April 27, 2017: International Journal of Infectious Diseases: IJID
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28438281/predictors-of-positive-opinion-about-bach-flower-remedies-in-adults-from-three-latin-american-countries-an-exploratory-study
#11
Boris C Rodríguez-Martín, Melba Fallas-Durán, Barbara Gaitskell, Daniela Vega-Rojas, Paula Martínez-Chaigneau
The current study aimed to determine if positive opinions about BFR interacts with spirituality in adults from three Latin-American countries using a CHAID algorithm. Participants were 703 adults from Cuba (n = 319), Costa Rica (n = 252) and Chile (n = 132). PREDICTORS: demographic data, received information, received treatment, spirituality, dispositional optimism and willingness to use a placebo intervention were measured and analyzed. A supervised classification which included a training phase (n = 423) and a test phase (n = 280) was employed...
May 2017: Complementary Therapies in Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28429758/intracellular-lipid-binding-protein-family-diversity-from-oyster-crassostrea-gigas-genomic-and-structural-features-of-invertebrate-lipid-transporters
#12
Guilherme de Toledo-Silva, Guilherme Razzera, Flavia Lucena Zacchi, Nestor Cubas Wendt, Jacó Joaquim Mattos, Afonso Celso Dias Bainy
Intracellular lipid binding proteins (iLBPs) play a role in the transport and cellular uptake of fatty acids and gene expression regulation. The aim of this work was to characterize the iLBP gene family of the Pacific oyster Crassostrea gigas, one of the most cultivated marine bivalves in the world, using bioinformatics and molecular biology approaches. A total of 26 different iLBPs transcripts were identified in the Pacific oyster genome, including alternative splicing and gene duplication events. The oyster iLBP gene family seems to be more expanded than in other invertebrates...
April 21, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28421281/hearing-diversity-in-moths-confronting-a-neotropical-bat-assemblage
#13
Ariadna Cobo-Cuan, Manfred Kössl, Emanuel C Mora
The tympanal ear is an evolutionary acquisition which helps moths survive predation from bats. The greater diversity of bats and echolocation strategies in the Neotropics compared with temperate zones would be expected to impose different sensory requirements on the neotropical moths. However, even given some variability among moth assemblages, the frequencies of best hearing of moths from different climate zones studied to date have been roughly the same: between 20 and 60 kHz. We have analyzed the auditory characteristics of tympanate moths from Cuba, a neotropical island with high levels of bat diversity and a high incidence of echolocation frequencies above those commonly at the upper limit of moths' hearing sensitivity...
April 18, 2017: Journal of Comparative Physiology. A, Neuroethology, Sensory, Neural, and Behavioral Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28403281/brazilian-method-for-the-development-terminological-subsets-of-icnp%C3%A2-limits-and-potentialities
#14
Carina Maris Gaspar Carvalho, Marcia Regina Cubas, Maria Miriam Lima da Nóbrega
Reflection on the limits and potentialities of a Brazilian method for the development of terminological subsets of ICNP®,(International Classification for Nursing Practice) based on the correlation between this method and international methods. This issue has been debated by the International Council of Nurses (ICN). Although the council propose a guideline for elaboration, they encourage and reinforce the use of various perspectives and processes in the development of subsets. Brazilian Nursing needs to propose a method and deepen reflections on the use of terminological subsets of ICNP® in the reality of the country...
April 2017: Revista Brasileira de Enfermagem
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28395541/hb-presbyterian-hbb-c-327c-g-in-a-nicaraguan-family
#15
Allan Pernudy-Ubau, Jaslyn Salinas-Molina, Yaneris Requenez, Marianela Ortiz-Lopez, Ann-Christin Puller, Kenia García-Rosales, Anaishelle Rodríguez-Estrada, Walter Rodríguez-Romero, Gerardo Mejía-Baltodano, Hong-Yuan Luo, David H K Chui
Hemoglobin (Hb) is the protein responsible for oxygen transportation. It is a tetrameric protein comprising two α- and two β-globin subunits. In the literature, a large number of mutations in the α- and β-globin genes have been documented. Among these mutations, Hb Presbyterian (HBB: c.327 C>G), is a naturally occurring mutant exerting low oxygen affinity. The C to G exchange (AAC>AAG) at codon 108 of the β-globin gene results in the substitution of asparagine by lysine. Here, we document the identification of HBB: c...
April 11, 2017: Hemoglobin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28384000/effects-of-obex-in-overweight-and-obese-subjects-with-or-without-impaired-fasting-glucose-a-pilot-study
#16
Eduardo Cabrera-Rode, Janet Rodríguez, Aimee Álvarez, Ragmila Echevarría, Antonio Darwin Reyes, Ileana Cubas-Dueñas, Silvia Elena Turcios-Tristá, Oscar Díaz-Díaz
Obex is a dietary supplement to help weight loss. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effect of Obex in overweight/obese participants with or without impaired fasting glucose. This was an open-label pilot study conducted with 40 overweight and obese subjects, 23-60 years old with a body mass index of 25-44 kg/m(2) (20 participants with impaired fasting glucose [IFG] and 20 with normal glucose levels). Participants received Obex at a dose of one sachet before the two main meals of each day for 3 months...
November 2, 2017: Journal of Dietary Supplements
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28375240/nomad-spectrometer-on-the-exomars-trace-gas-orbiter-mission-part-2-design-manufacturing-and-testing-of-the-ultraviolet-and-visible-channel
#17
Manish R Patel, Philippe Antoine, Jonathon Mason, Mark Leese, Brijen Hathi, Adam H Stevens, Daniel Dawson, Jason Gow, Timothy Ringrose, James Holmes, Stephen R Lewis, Didier Beghuin, Philip van Donink, Renaud Ligot, Jean-Luc Dewandel, Daohua Hu, Doug Bates, Richard Cole, Rachel Drummond, Ian R Thomas, Cédric Depiesse, Eddy Neefs, Eddy Equeter, Bojan Ristic, Sophie Berkenbosch, David Bolsée, Yannick Willame, Ann Carine Vandaele, Stefan Lesschaeve, Lieve De Vos, Nico Van Vooren, Tanguy Thibert, Emmanuel Mazy, Julio Rodriguez-Gomez, Rafael Morales, Gian Paolo Candini, M Carmen Pastor-Morales, Rosario Sanz, Beatriz Aparicio Del Moral, José-Maria Jeronimo-Zafra, Juan Manuel Gómez-López, Gustavo Alonso-Rodrigo, Isabel Pérez-Grande, Javier Cubas, Alejandro M Gomez-Sanjuan, Fermín Navarro-Medina, Ali BenMoussa, Boris Giordanengo, Samuel Gissot, Giancarlo Bellucci, Jose Juan Lopez-Moreno
NOMAD is a spectrometer suite on board the ESA/Roscosmos ExoMars Trace Gas Orbiter, which launched in March 2016. NOMAD consists of two infrared channels and one ultraviolet and visible channel, allowing the instrument to perform observations quasi-constantly, by taking nadir measurements at the day- and night-side, and during solar occultations. Here, in part 2 of a linked study, we describe the design, manufacturing, and testing of the ultraviolet and visible spectrometer channel called UVIS. We focus upon the optical design and working principle where two telescopes are coupled to a single grating spectrometer using a selector mechanism...
April 1, 2017: Applied Optics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28366897/revolutionizing-cuban-psychiatry-the-freud-wars-1955-1970
#18
Jennifer Lynn Lambe
This article traces the battle over Freud within Cuban psychiatry from its pre-1959 origins through the "disappearance" of Freud by the early 1970s. It devotes particular attention to the visit of two Soviet psychiatrists to Cuba in the early 1960s as part of a broader campaign to promote Pavlov. The decade-long controversy over Freud responded to both theoretical and political concerns. If for some Freud represented political conservatism and theoretical mystification, Pavlov held out the promise of a dialectical materialist future...
2017: Bulletin of the History of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28365125/development-of-subcutaneous-fat-in-spanish-and-latin-american-children-and-adolescents-reference-values-for-biceps-triceps-subscapular-and-suprailiac-skinfolds
#19
M D Marrodán, M González-Montero de Espinosa, Á Herráez, E L Alfaro, I F Bejarano, M Carmenate, D B Lomaglio, N López-Ejeda, A Martínez, M S Mesa, B Méndez Pérez, J M Meléndez, S Moreno-Romero, J L Pacheco, V Vázquez, J E Dipierri
Subcutaneous fat skinfolds represent a reliable assessment instrument of adiposity status. This study provides current percentile references for four subcutaneous skinfolds (biceps, triceps, subscapular, suprailiac) applicable to children and adolescents in Spain and in Latin American countries where data are scarce. The design consisted of a cross-sectional multicenter study performed with identical methods in 5 countries (Argentina, Cuba, Mexico, Spain and Venezuela). Total sample comprised 9163 children and youths (boys 4615 - girls 4548) aged 6-18 years, healthy and without apparent pathologies...
February 22, 2017: Homo: Internationale Zeitschrift Für die Vergleichende Forschung Am Menschen
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28364208/polycyclic-aromatic-hydrocarbons-and-polychlorinated-biphenyls-in-soils-of-mayabeque-cuba
#20
Dayana Sosa, Isabel Hilber, Roberto Faure, Nora Bartolomé, Osvaldo Fonseca, Armin Keller, Peter Schwab, Arturo Escobar, Thomas D Bucheli
Cuba is a country in transition with a considerable potential for economic growth. Soils are recipients and integrators of chemical pollution, a frequent negative side effect of increasing industrial activities. Therefore, we established a soil monitoring network to monitor polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) and polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) in soils of Mayabeque, a Cuban province southeast of Havana. Concentrations of the sum of the 16 US EPA PAHs and of the seven IRMM PCBs in soils from 39 locations ranged from 20 to 106 μg kg(-1) and from 1...
May 2017: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
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