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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27934293/fate-of-anthocyanins-through-cocoa-fermentation-emergence-of-new-polyphenolic-dimers
#1
Cédric De Taeye, Victor Jos Eyamo Evina, Gilles Caullet, Nicolas Niemenak, Sonia Collin
Fresh, ripe cocoa beans from Cameroon (German cocoa/Amelonado group and ICS 40/Trinitario group) were subjected to fermentation-like incubations in acetic acid, lactic acid, or both and to natural fermentation. Two naturally fermented samples from Cuba (UF 654/Trinitario group and C 411/Criollo group) were also investigated. Both cyanidin-3-galactoside and cyanidin-3-arabinoside (found as major anthocyanins in colored beans only) were drastically degraded through fermentation, especially in small beans and in the presence of acetic acid...
November 23, 2016: Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27908816/blunt-traumatic-occlusion-of-the-common-iliac-artery-repaired-with-segmental-excision-and-internal-iliac-artery-patch-angioplasty
#2
Abid C Mogannam, Robert F Cubas, Ivan M Gutierrez, Juan A Astudillo, Ahmed M Abou-Zamzam
Common iliac artery (CIA) occlusion as a result of blunt trauma is rare and seldom reported. This has been associated with pelvic fractures and other great vessel lesions. Management options include endovascular covered stent placement, open anatomic repair with autogenous conduit, or open extra-anatomic repair with prosthetic material. We report the case of a middle-aged male with a right CIA injury secondary to blunt trauma who underwent a successful repair using an internal iliac artery (IIA) patch for injury to a 2 cm segment of CIA with peritoneal contamination...
November 28, 2016: Annals of Vascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27904599/elimination-of-mother-to-child-transmission-of-human-immunodeficiency-virus-and-syphilis-in-cuba-a-stepping-stone-toward-acquired-immune-deficiency-syndrome-free-generation
#3
Saurabh R Shrivastava, Prateek S Shrivastava, Jegadeesh Ramasamy
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2016: Journal of Research in Medical Sciences: the Official Journal of Isfahan University of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27902489/effects-of-cell-cycle-noise-on-excitable-gene-circuits
#4
Alan Veliz-Cuba, Chinmaya Gupta, Matthew R Bennett, Krešimir Josić, William Ott
We assess the impact of cell cycle noise on gene circuit dynamics. For bistable genetic switches and excitable circuits, we find that transitions between metastable states most likely occur just after cell division and that this concentration effect intensifies in the presence of transcriptional delay. We explain this concentration effect with a three-states stochastic model. For genetic oscillators, we quantify the temporal correlations between daughter cells induced by cell division. Temporal correlations must be captured properly in order to accurately quantify noise sources within gene networks...
November 30, 2016: Physical Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27870762/review-of-current-workforce-for-rheumatology-in-the-countries-of-the-americas-2012-2015
#5
John D Reveille, Roberto Muñoz, Enrique Soriano, Miguel Albanese, Graciela Espada, Carlos Jose Lozada, Ruben Antonio Montúfar, Fernando Neubarth, Gloria M Vasquez, Michel Zummer, Rosa Sheen, Carlo V Caballero-Uribe, Carlos Pineda
BACKGROUND: With the increases in and aging of the populations of the Americas, monitoring the number of rheumatologists is critical to address and focus on areas of greatest need. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to gather data on the rheumatology workforce from 21 national societies in the Pan American League of Associations for Rheumatology (PANLAR). METHODS: In September and October 2012 and again in October and November 2015, the heads of the 21 rheumatology national societies were contacted in the 2012 survey; all national societies responded except Cuba...
December 2016: Journal of Clinical Rheumatology: Practical Reports on Rheumatic & Musculoskeletal Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27865395/innovative-tuberculosis-symposium-held-during-cuba-salud-2015
#6
EDITORIAL
Helena J Chapman, Luisa Armas Pérez
The fourth Tuberculosis (TB) Symposium, held during the Cuba Salud 2015 International Convention, highlighted advancements in research on TB and Mycobacterium tuberculosis (Mtb) by interdisciplinary teams from academic and federal institutions in Cuba, Colombia, Mexico, and the Dominican Republic. Delegates focused on the targets presented in the World Health Organization End TB Strategy for 2016-2035 and elaborated on four primary themes: 1) attention to vulnerable populations such as immunocompromised individuals, health care workers, and residents of long-term institutions such as prisons and nursing homes; 2) identification of active and latent TB cases through contact investigations; 3) spread and control of drug-resistant Mtb strains; and 4) advancements in the development of novel vaccines or "booster" immunizations...
December 2016: Tuberculosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27862849/blog-construction-as-an-effective-tool-in-biochemistry-active-learning
#7
Estêvão Cubas Rolim, Julia Martins de Oliveira, Luana T Dalvi, Daniel C Moreira, Natasha Garcia Caldas, Felipe Fernandes Lobo, Démerson André Polli, Élida G Campos, Marcelo Hermes-Lima
To boost active learning in undergraduate students, they were given the task of preparing blogs on topics of clinical biochemistry. This "experiment" lasted for 12 teaching-semesters (from 2008 to 2013), and included a survey on the blogs' usefulness at the end of each semester. The survey (applied in the 2008-2010 period) used a Likert-like questionnaire with eight questions and a 1-to-6 scale, from "totally disagree" to "fully agree." Answers of 428 students were analyzed and indicated overall approval of the blog activity: 86% and 35% of the responses scored 4-to-6 and 6, respectively...
November 14, 2016: Biochemistry and Molecular Biology Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27859847/the-association-of-low-birth-weight-with-serum-c-reactive-protein-in-3-year-old-children-living-in-cuba-a-population-based-prospective-study
#8
Silvia Josefina Venero-Fernández, Hermes Fundora-Hernández, Lourdes Batista-Gutierrez, Ramón Suárez-Medina, Esperanza de la C Mora-Faife, Gladys García-García, Ileana Del Valle-Infante, Liem Gómez-Marrero, John Britton, Andrew W Fogarty
OBJECTIVE: Low birthweight is associated with a decreased risk of childhood leukemia and an increased risk of both cardiovascular disease and all-cause mortality in adult life. Possible biological mediators include systemic innate immunity and inflammation. We tested the hypothesis that birthweight was inversely associated with serum high sensitivity C reactive protein assay (hsCRP), a measure of both innate immunity and systemic inflammation. METHODS: Data on birthweight and current anthropometric measures along with a range of exposures were collected at 1 and 3 years of age in a population-based cohort study of young children living in Havana, Cuba...
November 18, 2016: American Journal of Human Biology: the Official Journal of the Human Biology Council
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27857966/endoscopic-versus-laparoscopic-treatment-for-choledocholithiasis-a-prospective-randomized-controlled-trial
#9
Javier Ernesto Barreras González, Rafael Torres Peña, Julián Ruiz Torres, Miguel Ángel Martínez Alfonso, Raúl Brizuela Quintanilla, Maricela Morera Pérez
Background and study aims: Overall, 5 % to 15 % of patients undergoing cholecystectomy for cholelithiasis have concomitant bile duct stones, and the incidence of choledocholithiasis increases with age. There is no clear consensus on the best therapeutic approach (endoscopic versus surgical). Patients and methods: A prospective randomized controlled clinical trial was performed to compare three treatment options for patients with choledocholithiasis at the National Center for Minimally Invasive Surgery in Havana, Cuba from November 2007 to November 2011...
November 2016: Endoscopy International Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27853420/reducing-peripheral-inflammation-with-infliximab-reduces-neuroinflammation-and-improves-cognition-in-rats-with-hepatic-encephalopathy
#10
Sherry Dadsetan, Tiziano Balzano, Jerónimo Forteza, Andrea Cabrera-Pastor, Lucas Taoro-Gonzalez, Vicente Hernandez-Rabaza, Sara Gil-Perotín, Laura Cubas-Núñez, José-Manuel García-Verdugo, Ana Agusti, Marta Llansola, Vicente Felipo
Inflammation contributes to cognitive impairment in patients with hepatic encephalopathy (HE). However, the process by which peripheral inflammation results in cognitive impairment remains unclear. In animal models, neuroinflammation and altered neurotransmission mediate cognitive impairment. Taking into account these data, we hypothesized that in rats with HE: (1) peripheral inflammation is a main contributor to neuroinflammation; (2) neuroinflammation in hippocampus impairs spatial learning by altering AMPA and/or NMDA receptors membrane expression; (3) reducing peripheral inflammation with infliximab (anti-TNF-a) would improve spatial learning; (4) this would be associated with reduced neuroinflammation and normalization of the membrane expression of glutamate receptors...
2016: Frontiers in Molecular Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27847509/the-class-ii-trehalose-6-phosphate-synthase-gene-pvtps9-modulates-trehalose-metabolism-in-phaseolus-vulgaris-nodules
#11
Aarón Barraza, Cecilia Contreras-Cubas, Georgina Estrada-Navarrete, José L Reyes, Marco A Juárez-Verdayes, Nelson Avonce, Carmen Quinto, Claudia Díaz-Camino, Federico Sanchez
Legumes form symbioses with rhizobia, producing nitrogen-fixing nodules on the roots of the plant host. The network of plant signaling pathways affecting carbon metabolism may determine the final number of nodules. The trehalose biosynthetic pathway regulates carbon metabolism and plays a fundamental role in plant growth and development, as well as in plant-microbe interactions. The expression of genes for trehalose synthesis during nodule development suggests that this metabolite may play a role in legume-rhizobia symbiosis...
2016: Frontiers in Plant Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27835624/cuba-validated-as-the-first-country-to-eliminate-mother-to-child-transmission-of-human-immunodeficiency-virus-and-congenital-syphilis-lessons-learned-from-the-implementation-of-the-global-validation-methodology
#12
Sonja Caffe, Freddy Perez, Mary L Kamb, Rodolfo Gomez Ponce de Leon, Monica Alonso, Ralph Midy, Lori Newman, Chika Hayashi, Massimo Ghidinelli
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2016: Sexually Transmitted Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27833425/phylogeography-of-a-good-caribbean-disperser-argiope-argentata-araneae-araneidae-and-a-new-cryptic-species-from-cuba
#13
Ingi Agnarsson, Stephanie M LeQuier, Matjaž Kuntner, Ren-Chung Cheng, Jonathan A Coddington, Greta Binford
The Caribbean islands harbor rich biodiversity with high levels of single island endemism. Stretches of ocean between islands represent significant barriers to gene-flow. Yet some native species are widespread, indicating dispersal across oceans, even in wingless organisms like spiders. Argiope argentata (Fabricius, 1775) is a large, charismatic, and widespread species of orb-weaving spider ranging from the United States to Argentina and is well known to balloon. Here we explore the phylogeography of Argiope argentata in the Caribbean as a part of the multi-lineage CarBio project, through mtDNA haplotype and multi-locus phylogenetic analyses...
2016: ZooKeys
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27831616/-promotion-of-health-rights-in-peru-an-approach-from-the-perspective-of-the-peruvian-national-health-authority
#14
Edward Mezones-Holguín, Ricardo Díaz-Romero, Jackeline Castillo-Jayme, María Jerí-de-Pinho, Vicente Benites-Zapata, Edith Marquez-Bobadilla, César López-Dávalos, Flor de María Philipps-Cuba
In Peru, The National Health Authority (SUSALUD) is granted the responsibility to promote, protect and defend the health rights of every citizen. However, in the Peruvian Health System (PHS) there exists an insufficient culture of health rights, a low level of knowledge of health rights by the population, and a limited degree of cooperation between users, providers and funders. In light of this limited popular participation in the health rights of the citizenry, it has been necessary for SUSALUD to pursue various activities in order to promote the exercise of health rights by Peruvians...
July 2016: Revista Peruana de Medicina Experimental y Salud Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27831601/-a-risk-based-monitoring-model-for-health-care-service-institutions-as-a-tool-to-protect-health-rights-in-peru
#15
Vicente A Benites-Zapata, Héctor A Saravia-Chong, Edward Mezones-Holguin, Allen J Aquije-Díaz, José Villegas-Ortega, Gustavo Rossel-de-Almeida, Carlos Acosta-Saal, Flor Philipps-Cuba
Objectives.: To describe the monitoring model of the Health Care Service Institutions (HCSI) of the National Health Authority (NHA) and assess the factors associated with risk-adjusted normative compliance (%RANC) within the Peruvian Health System (PHS). Materials and Methods.: We carried out a case study of the experience of the NHA in the development and implementation of a monitoring program based on the ISO 31000-2009. With HCSI as the units of analysis, we calculated the %RANC (a scorein continuous scale ranging from 0 to 100) for comprehensive monitoring (CM) and for specific evaluations made from 2013 to 2015...
July 2016: Revista Peruana de Medicina Experimental y Salud Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27830588/stability-analysis-of-an-artificial-biomolecular-oscillator-with-non-cooperative-regulatory-interactions
#16
Christian Cuba Samaniego, Giulia Giordano, Franco Blanchini, Elisa Franco
Oscillators are essential to fuel autonomous behaviours in molecular systems. Artificial oscillators built with programmable biological molecules such as DNA and RNA are generally easy to build and tune, and can serve as timers for biological computation and regulation. We describe a new artificial nucleic acid biochemical reaction network, and we demonstrate its capacity to exhibit oscillatory solutions. This network can be built in vitro using nucleic acids and three bacteriophage enzymes, and has the potential to be implemented in cells...
December 2017: Journal of Biological Dynamics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27829802/revision-of-the-lima-clade-miconia-sect-lima-miconieae-melastomataceae-of-the-greater-antilles
#17
Lucas C Majure, Eldis R Bécquer, Walter S Judd
Miconia sect. Lima is an entirely Greater Antillean clade that consists of 19 known species of shrubs and small trees, which were previously recognized under the polyphyletic genera Leandra and Ossaea. The highest species richness in the clade is represented on Cuba (10 species), followed by Hispaniola (8 species) and then Jamaica (1 species). Here we present a taxonomic revision of the clade based on the study of species in the field, herbarium specimens, as well as a DNA-based phylogeny reconstruction. The Lima clade most likely originated on Cuba and then spread to Jamaica once and Hispaniola multiple times...
2016: PhytoKeys
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27829655/cuba-time-to-expand-health-in-all-policies
#18
Pastor Castell-Florit Serrate, Pedro Más-Bermejo
The Adelaide Statement on Health in All Policies (2010), lays out equity-based principles designed to guide policymakers on incorporating health and well-being components into the development, implementation and evaluation of policy and practice while moving towards shared governance at all levels-local, regional, national and international. Special emphasis is placed on cross-sector coordination to achieve policy goals, while improving health and well-being for all.[1] In Cuba's case, experience in disaster preparedness, particularly for hurricanes, has shown good cross-sector coordination...
October 2016: MEDICC Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27829654/minimally-conscious-state-evolution-of-concept-diagnosis-and-treatment
#19
Ricardo Hodelín-Tablada
The study of consciousness disorders is a scientific challenge, and clinical differentiation among the various sorts of alterations in consciousness is difficult. Persistent vegetative state was defined in 1972, but years later cases appeared in which diagnosed patients showed signs of cognitive activity, and therefore could not be considered vegetative. Minimally conscious state was defined in 2002. This article discusses minimally conscious state based on a literature review and the author's clinical experience...
October 2016: MEDICC Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27829653/using-primary-care-to-address-violence-against-women-in-intimate-partner-relationships-professional-training-needs
#20
Aida Torralbas-Fernández, Marybexy Calcerrada-Gutiérrez
Unified, prevention- and community-oriented, Cuba's National Health System is well positioned to address social problems such as gender violence against women. It is sometimes taken for granted that family doctors, family nurses and psychologists in the health system should be able to deal with such cases. However, some studies among these professionals have revealed misconceptions about intimate partner violence, an insufficient understanding of its causes, and greater tolerance of psychological violence than of physical and sexual violence...
October 2016: MEDICC Review
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