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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29791753/double-jeopardy-missed-care-for-the-vulnerable-in-community-settings
#1
EDITORIAL
Annamaria Bagnasco, Fiona Timmins, Giuseppe Aleo, Loredana Sasso
Inequitable access of the world's population to quality health services is still a problem, despite the fact that good health and wellbeing are recognised as a fundamental human rights (United Nations, 2016). Reducing inequities in health is a major focus of international policy (World Health Organisation, 2015) and in the context of an ever-aging population, world recession, limited resources, and to promote independence in health, community care schemes are gaining increasing popularity (Phelan et al 2017)...
May 23, 2018: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29790259/monitoring-and-evaluation-framework-for-hypertension-programs-a-collaboration-between-the-pan-american-health-organization-and-world-hypertension-league
#2
Norm R C Campbell, Pedro Ordunez, Donald J DiPette, Gloria P Giraldo, Sonia Y Angell, Marc G Jaffe, Dan Lackland, Ramón Martinez, Yamilé Valdez, Javier I Maldonado Figueredo, Melanie Paccot, Maria J Santana, Paul K Whelton
The Pan American Health Organization (PAHO)-World Hypertension League (WHL) Hypertension Monitoring and Evaluation Framework is summarized. Standardized indicators are provided for monitoring and evaluating national or subnational hypertension control programs. Five core indicators from the World Health Organization hearts initiative and a single PAHO-WHL core indicator are recommended to be used in all hypertension control programs. In addition, hypertension control programs are encouraged to select from 14 optional qualitative and 33 quantitative indicators to facilitate progress towards enhanced hypertension control...
May 22, 2018: Journal of Clinical Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29774288/molecular-analysis-of-giardia-duodenalis-isolates-from-symptomatic-and-asymptomatic-children-from-la-habana-cuba
#3
Luis Enrique Jerez Puebla, Fidel A Núñez, Lissette Pérez Santos, Lázara Rojas Rivero, Isabel Martínez Silva, Lucía Ayllón Valdés, Iraís Atencio Millán, Norbert Müller
Giardiasis is considered the most common intestinal parasitic disease in humans worldwide. In Cuba, this infection has particularly a strong clinical impact on the child population. Giardia duodenalis is a highly diverse protozoan, which comprises a complex of eight morphologically identical genetic assemblages, further divided into sub-assemblages. The present study used triose phosphate isomerase ( tpi ) and small-subunit ribosomal RNA (SSU rRNA) genes as genetic markers for the identification of G. duodenalis assemblages and sub-assemblages in correlation with clinical and epidemiological data in children attended at the Paediatric Hospital "William Soler" and at Pedro Kouri Institute, between 2015 and 2016...
August 2017: Parasite Epidemiology and Control
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29773780/moving-closer-to-tuberculosis-elimination-through-institutional-scientific-collaboration-opportunities-for-cuba-and-the-usa
#4
Helena J Chapman, Luisa A Armas-Pérez, Michael Lauzardo, Edilberto R González-Ochoa
Global efforts to eliminate tuberculosis by 2050 continue to challenge health systems. In countries with low reported tuberculosis incidence, such as the USA (3.1/100,000 population) and Cuba (6.9/100,000), differences in classification by income level and health systems' overall organizational structure are evident. However, the two countries' low tuberculosis incidence, geographic proximity, robust research capacity and shared health priority for tuberculosis elimination provide fertile territory to strengthen collaboration for tuberculosis control in clinical, laboratory and community settings...
April 2018: MEDICC Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29773779/prospects-for-us-cuba-cooperation-in-gastroenterology-hepatology-and-liver-transplantation
#5
Marlen I Castellanos-Fernández, Mirtha Infante-Velázquez, Enrique Arús-Soler, Marcelo Kugelmas, Ramón Bataller, Ramón Villamil-Martínez, Zaily Dorta-Guridi, Caridad Ruenes-Domenech
Gastroenterology, hepatology and liver transplant exchanges between the USA and Cuba have mainly consisted of scientific events and short visits. This has facilitated Cuba's inclusion in recognized scientific organizations, familiarity with Cuba's biotech products for treatment of liver disease, and access by Cuban professionals to the highest level of scientific information for clinical practice. It has also given health professionals in the US a more accurate picture of Cuba's health sector. The results of the Global Alcoholic Liver Disease Survey, which included Cuba and was designed and coordinated in the USA, opened doors to joint research and scientific publications...
April 2018: MEDICC Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29773778/a-collaboration-to-teach-us-mph-students-about-cuba-s-health-care-system
#6
Joan O'Connell, Ana María Gálvez-González, Jean Scandlyn, María R Sala-Adam, Xiomara Martín-Linares
In 2011, the US Department of the Treasury changed its regulations to allow US students to participate in short-term education programs in Cuba. Beginning in 2012, and each year thereafter, Cuba's National School of Public Health and the Colorado School of Public Health have jointly taught a class on the Cuban public health system. The program goals are to provide US students with an opportunity to learn about the Cuban national health system's focus on 1) prevention and primary health care services; 2) financial and geographic access to services and health equity; 3) continuum of care across the home, family doctor-and-nurse offices, polyclinics and hospitals; 4) data collection at all levels to understand health risks, including outbreaks, and to guide resource allocation; 5) assessing patients' health and risks using a comprehensive definition of health; 6) multisectoral collaborations between the Ministry of Public Health and other Cuban agencies and organizations to address population health risks; 7) disaster preparedness, response and recovery; and 8) provision of international health assistance...
April 2018: MEDICC Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29773777/seeking-biomarkers-of-early-childhood-malnutrition-s-long-term-effects
#7
Pedro A Valdés-Sosa, Janina R Galler, Cyralene P Bryce, Arielle G Rabinowitz, María L Bringas-Vega, Nibaldo Hernández-Mesa, Alberto Taboada-Crispi
Protein-energy malnutrition affects one in nine people worldwide and is most prevalent among children aged less than five years in low-income countries. Early childhood malnutrition can have damaging neurodevelopmental effects, with significant increases in cognitive, neurological and mental health problems over the lifespan, outcomes which can also extend to the next generation. This article describes a research collaboration involving scientists from five centers in Barbados, China, Cuba and the USA. It builds on longer-term joint work between the Barbados Nutrition Study (which, over a 45-year span, has extensively documented nutritional, health, behavioral, social and economic outcomes of individuals who experienced protein-energy malnutrition in the first year of life and healthy controls from the same classrooms and neighborhoods) and the Cuban Neuroscience Center (which has developed low-cost brain imaging methods that can be readily used in low income settings to identify biomarkers for early detection and treatment of adverse consequences of childhood malnutrition)...
April 2018: MEDICC Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29773776/cuba-s-scientific-contributions-to-global-polio-eradication
#8
Sonia Resik, Ondrej Mach, Alina Tejeda, Miguel A Galindo, Roland W Sutter
Cuba eliminated polio in 1962 and was among the first countries to do so. Since then, only 20 cases of vaccine-derived paralytic poliomyelitis have been reported. Because Cuba used oral poliovirus vaccine exclusively in two mass campaigns usually in February and April each year, Sabin viruses were detected only within approximately 6-8 weeks after each annual campaign. This made Cuba a very attractive site to study the epidemiology of poliomyelitis in a tropical country without risk of secondary transmission of Sabin viruses for a large part of each year, an advantage over countries that used oral poliovirus vaccine continuously throughout the year in routine immunization programs...
April 2018: MEDICC Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29773775/case-study-in-international-cooperation-cuba-s-molecular-immunology-center-and-roswell-park-cancer-institute
#9
Rachel Evans, Mary Reid, Brahm Segal, Scott I Abrams, Kelvin Lee
In 1961, the USA severed diplomatic relations with Cuba, and in 1962 an embargo was imposed on trade and financial relations with that country. It was not until five decades later that the USA and Cuba would reestablish relations. This opened the way for the New York State Trade Mission to Cuba in April 2015, during which Cuba's Molecular Immunology Center and Buffalo, New York's Roswell Park Cancer Institute signed a formal agreement that would set in motion biotechnology research collaboration to address one of the most important causes of death in both countries...
April 2018: MEDICC Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29773774/us-and-cuban-scientists-forge-collaboration-on-arbovirus-research
#10
Jorge Pérez-Ávila, Maria G Guzmán-Tirado, Jorge Fraga-Nodarse, Gray Handley, James Meegan, Jose L Pelegrino-Martínez de la Cotera, Anthony S Fauci
After December 17, 2014, when the US and Cuban governments announced their intent to restore relations, the two countries participated in various exchange activities in an effort to encourage cooperation in public health, health research and biomedical sciences. The conference entitled Exploring Opportunities for Arbovirus Research Collaboration, hosted at Havana's Hotel Nacional, was part of these efforts and was the first major US-Cuban scientific conference in over 50 years. Its purpose was to share information about current arbovirus research and recent findings, and to explore opportunities for future joint research...
April 2018: MEDICC Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29773773/cuban-epidemic-neuropathy-insights-into-the-toxic-nutritional-hypothesis-through-international-collaboration
#11
Alina González-Quevedo, Rosaralis Santiesteban-Freixas, Janis T Eells, Lucimey Lima, Alfredo A Sadun
From 1991 to 1993, an epidemic of optic and peripheral neuropathy-the largest of the century-broke out in Cuba, affecting more than 50,000 people. Initially the main clinical features were decreased visual acuity, central and cecocentral scotomas, impaired color vision and absence of the papillomacular bundle. Later, peripheral and mixed optic-peripheral forms began to appear. Due to the magnitude of the epidemic, the Cuban government requested help from the international community at the 46th World Health Assembly in 1993...
April 2018: MEDICC Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29773772/promoting-scientific-cooperation-in-times-of-diplomatic-challenges-sustained-partnership-between-the-cuban-academy-of-sciences-and-the-american-association-for-the-advancement-of-science
#12
Sergio Jorge-Pastrana, Marga Gual-Soler, Tom C Wang
Scientific research cooperation between Cuba and the USA has a long history that dates back to the 19th century. For the past 200 years, the two countries' relationship has been subject to complex economic, political and social forces. In the second half of the 20th century, the Cuban revolution and the subsequent escalation of the US government embargo impacted every aspect of Cuban life. While science was no exception, scientific interactions never ceased. Over the past decade, scientific cooperation-led and facilitated by scientific organizations such as the Cuban Academy of Sciences, the American Association for the Advancement of Science and others-has steadily increased to address ever more critical issues facing both countries...
April 2018: MEDICC Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29773771/bridging-the-divide-us-and-cuban-scientists-speak-up
#13
Gail Reed
This roundtable began with world-renowned US and Cuban experts in arboviruses (particularly those transmitted by mosquitoes) but was quickly transformed with the participation of globally recognized scientists in other fields. All have contributed and continue to contribute to the often frustrating efforts to advance bilateral health cooperation, for the benefit of the USA, Cuba and the world. Each from their own vantage point argues why such cooperation can release potential to create scientific synergies capable of addressing some of the most perplexing and urgent global health problems...
April 2018: MEDICC Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29773770/your-primary-care-doctor-may-have-an-md-from-cuba-experiences-from-the-latin-american-medical-school
#14
Conner Gorry
On the 40th anniversary of the Alma Ata Declaration that affirmed health for all a right and primary health care the route to guarantee that right, WHO and PAHO have issued a call to action to convert universal health into reality for the nearly four billion people worldwide lacking full coverage of essential health services. There is some urgency to this movement: WHO estimates the health workforce shortage of nearly 8 million could reach almost 13 million by 2035. And the USA is not exempt: medical associations and special commissions set up to investigate the shortage of primary care physicians, especially "under-represented minority" doctors, have issued report after report on this growing health care emergency...
April 2018: MEDICC Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29773769/weathering-us-cuba-political-storms-jos%C3%A3-rubiera-phd-cuba-s-chief-weather-forecaster
#15
Gail Reed
Full disclosure: chief weather forecaster is not his official title, but rather one affectionally conferred on Dr Rubiera by the Cuban people, who look to him not only in times of peril, but also to learn about the science of meteorology. Anyone who has taken a taxi in Cuba during hurricane season (June 1 to November 30), and bothered to ask the driver, will receive a clear explanation about how hurricanes are formed, what the Saffir-Simpson scale is all about, and how the season is shaping up-all courtesy of Dr Rubiera's talent for communication during nightly weather forecasts and special broadcasts...
April 2018: MEDICC Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29773768/us-cuba-health-and-science-cooperation-they-persisted
#16
(no author information available yet)
The first truly universal society was the society of researchers. May the coming generation establish a political and economic society which will insure us against catastrophes. -Albert Einstein in Havana, December 19, 1930 Few may be aware of Einstein's 30 hours in Cuba, just as the world was plummeting into the Great Depression. He was received by the most illustrious academics of his day, leaving the entry above in the Golden Book of the Geographic Society of Cuba. He spoke before what was then the Academy of Medical, Physical and Natural Sciences of Havana-precursor of the Cuban Academy of Sciences...
April 2018: MEDICC Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29757512/description-of-a-new-species-of-nesotriatoma-usinger-1944-from-cuba-and-revalidation-of-synonymy-between-nesotriatoma-bruneri-usinger-1944-and-n-flavida-neiva-1911-hemiptera-reduviidae-triatominae
#17
Jader de Oliveira, José Manuel Ayala, Silvia Andrade Justi, João Aristeu da Rosa, Cleber Galvão
Nesotriatoma confusa sp. nov. (Hemiptera, Reduviidae, Triatominae) is described based on specimens from Cuba. From one male, one female, and eleven nymphs of a then-undescribed species of Nesotriatoma collected in Cuba, a colony was formed and its specimens were used to describe N. confusa sp. nov. Characters were observed on the head, thorax, abdomen, female external genitalia, and male genitalia with optical microscopy and scanning electron microscopy. We concluded that N. bruneri (Usinger, ) was indeed a synonym of N...
June 2018: Journal of Vector Ecology: Journal of the Society for Vector Ecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29757506/controversies-over-the-scientific-name-of-the-principal-mosquito-vector-of-yellow-fever-virus-expediency-versus-validity
#18
Alan N Clements, Ralph E Harbach
The history of the scientific name of the yellow fever mosquito, the vector of yellow fever virus, ranges from 1757 to the early twenty-first century. In his 1757 work Iter Palaestinum, Frederic Hasselquist gave the name Culex aegypti to a mosquito species responsible for fierce attacks on humans in Egypt. That name was never later ascribed to Hasselquist as author, but to Linnaeus, although the name never appeared in any of Linnaeus' publications. In Cuba, at the end of the nineteenth century, the vector of the unknown infectious agent of yellow fever was first identified as Culex mosquito and later more validly named Stegomyia fasciata...
June 2018: Journal of Vector Ecology: Journal of the Society for Vector Ecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29757181/use-of-life-cycle-assessment-to-evaluate-environmental-impacts-associated-with-the-management-of-sludge-and-biogas
#19
Karina Cubas do Amaral, Miguel Mansur Aisse, Gustavo Rafael Collere Possetti, Marcelo Real Prado
Upflow anaerobic sludge blanket (UASB) reactors used in sewage treatment generate two by-products that can be reused: sludge and biogas. At the present time in Brazil, most of this resulting sludge is disposed of in sanitary landfills, while biogas is commonly burned off in low-efficiency flares. The aim of the present study was to use life cycle assessment to evaluate the environmental impacts from four different treatment and final destination scenarios for the main by-products of wastewater treatment plants...
May 2018: Water Science and Technology: a Journal of the International Association on Water Pollution Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29742999/mycoplasma-genitalium-infections-in-cuba-surveillance-of-urogenital-syndromes-2014-2015
#20
Brian A Mondeja, Nadia M Rodríguez, Orestes Blanco, Carmen Fernández, Jørgen S Jensen
Mycoplasma genitalium is an emerging sexually transmitted pathogen implicated in urethritis in men and several inflammatory reproductive tract syndromes in women. The prevalence of M. genitalium infections in Cuban patients with urogenital syndromes is unknown. The aim of this study was to analyse the prevalence of M. genitalium infection in sexually-active Cuban men and women with urogenital syndromes as a part of aetiological surveillance of urogenital syndromes in Cuba. Samples from men and women with urogenital syndromes submitted to the Mycoplasma Reference Laboratory for mycoplasma diagnosis from 1 January 2014 to 1 June 2015 were analysed by polymerase chain reaction (PCR) for detection of M...
January 1, 2018: International Journal of STD & AIDS
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