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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28438281/predictors-of-positive-opinion-about-bach-flower-remedies-in-adults-from-three-latin-american-countries-an-exploratory-study
#1
Boris C Rodríguez-Martín, Melba Fallas-Durán, Barbara Gaitskell, Daniela Vega-Rojas, Paula Martínez-Chaigneau
The current study aimed to determine if positive opinions about BFR interacts with spirituality in adults from three Latin-American countries using a CHAID algorithm. Participants were 703 adults from Cuba (n = 319), Costa Rica (n = 252) and Chile (n = 132). PREDICTORS: demographic data, received information, received treatment, spirituality, dispositional optimism and willingness to use a placebo intervention were measured and analyzed. A supervised classification which included a training phase (n = 423) and a test phase (n = 280) was employed...
May 2017: Complementary Therapies in Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28429758/intracellular-lipid-binding-protein-family-diversity-from-oyster-crassostrea-gigas-genomic-and-structural-features-of-invertebrate-lipid-transporters
#2
Guilherme de Toledo-Silva, Guilherme Razzera, Flavia Lucena Zacchi, Nestor Cubas Wendt, Jacó Joaquim Mattos, Afonso Celso Dias Bainy
Intracellular lipid binding proteins (iLBPs) play a role in the transport and cellular uptake of fatty acids and gene expression regulation. The aim of this work was to characterize the iLBP gene family of the Pacific oyster Crassostrea gigas, one of the most cultivated marine bivalves in the world, using bioinformatics and molecular biology approaches. A total of 26 different iLBPs transcripts were identified in the Pacific oyster genome, including alternative splicing and gene duplication events. The oyster iLBP gene family seems to be more expanded than in other invertebrates...
April 21, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28421281/hearing-diversity-in-moths-confronting-a-neotropical-bat-assemblage
#3
Ariadna Cobo-Cuan, Manfred Kössl, Emanuel C Mora
The tympanal ear is an evolutionary acquisition which helps moths survive predation from bats. The greater diversity of bats and echolocation strategies in the Neotropics compared with temperate zones would be expected to impose different sensory requirements on the neotropical moths. However, even given some variability among moth assemblages, the frequencies of best hearing of moths from different climate zones studied to date have been roughly the same: between 20 and 60 kHz. We have analyzed the auditory characteristics of tympanate moths from Cuba, a neotropical island with high levels of bat diversity and a high incidence of echolocation frequencies above those commonly at the upper limit of moths' hearing sensitivity...
April 18, 2017: Journal of Comparative Physiology. A, Neuroethology, Sensory, Neural, and Behavioral Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28403281/brazilian-method-for-the-development-terminological-subsets-of-icnp%C3%A2-limits-and-potentialities
#4
Carina Maris Gaspar Carvalho, Marcia Regina Cubas, Maria Miriam Lima da Nóbrega
Reflection on the limits and potentialities of a Brazilian method for the development of terminological subsets of ICNP®,(International Classification for Nursing Practice) based on the correlation between this method and international methods. This issue has been debated by the International Council of Nurses (ICN). Although the council propose a guideline for elaboration, they encourage and reinforce the use of various perspectives and processes in the development of subsets. Brazilian Nursing needs to propose a method and deepen reflections on the use of terminological subsets of ICNP® in the reality of the country...
April 2017: Revista Brasileira de Enfermagem
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28395541/hb-presbyterian-hbb-c-327c-g-in-a-nicaraguan-family
#5
Allan Pernudy-Ubau, Jaslyn Salinas-Molina, Yaneris Requenez, Marianela Ortiz-Lopez, Ann-Christin Puller, Kenia García-Rosales, Anaishelle Rodríguez-Estrada, Walter Rodríguez-Romero, Gerardo Mejía-Baltodano, Hong-Yuan Luo, David H K Chui
Hemoglobin (Hb) is the protein responsible for oxygen transportation. It is a tetrameric protein comprising two α- and two β-globin subunits. In the literature, a large number of mutations in the α- and β-globin genes have been documented. Among these mutations, Hb Presbyterian (HBB: c.327 C>G), is a naturally occurring mutant exerting low oxygen affinity. The C to G exchange (AAC>AAG) at codon 108 of the β-globin gene results in the substitution of asparagine by lysine. Here, we document the identification of HBB: c...
April 11, 2017: Hemoglobin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28384000/effects-of-obex-in-overweight-and-obese-subjects-with-or-without-impaired-fasting-glucose-a-pilot-study
#6
Eduardo Cabrera-Rode, Janet Rodríguez, Aimee Álvarez, Ragmila Echevarría, Antonio Darwin Reyes, Ileana Cubas-Dueñas, Silvia Elena Turcios-Tristá, Oscar Díaz-Díaz
Obex is a dietary supplement to help weight loss. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effect of Obex in overweight/obese participants with or without impaired fasting glucose. This was an open-label pilot study conducted with 40 overweight and obese subjects, 23-60 years old with a body mass index of 25-44 kg/m(2) (20 participants with impaired fasting glucose [IFG] and 20 with normal glucose levels). Participants received Obex at a dose of one sachet before the two main meals of each day for 3 months...
April 6, 2017: Journal of Dietary Supplements
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28375240/nomad-spectrometer-on-the-exomars-trace-gas-orbiter-mission-part-2-design-manufacturing-and-testing-of-the-ultraviolet-and-visible-channel
#7
Manish R Patel, Philippe Antoine, Jonathon Mason, Mark Leese, Brijen Hathi, Adam H Stevens, Daniel Dawson, Jason Gow, Timothy Ringrose, James Holmes, Stephen R Lewis, Didier Beghuin, Philip van Donink, Renaud Ligot, Jean-Luc Dewandel, Daohua Hu, Doug Bates, Richard Cole, Rachel Drummond, Ian R Thomas, Cédric Depiesse, Eddy Neefs, Eddy Equeter, Bojan Ristic, Sophie Berkenbosch, David Bolsée, Yannick Willame, Ann Carine Vandaele, Stefan Lesschaeve, Lieve De Vos, Nico Van Vooren, Tanguy Thibert, Emmanuel Mazy, Julio Rodriguez-Gomez, Rafael Morales, Gian Paolo Candini, M Carmen Pastor-Morales, Rosario Sanz, Beatriz Aparicio Del Moral, José-Maria Jeronimo-Zafra, Juan Manuel Gómez-López, Gustavo Alonso-Rodrigo, Isabel Pérez-Grande, Javier Cubas, Alejandro M Gomez-Sanjuan, Fermín Navarro-Medina, Ali BenMoussa, Boris Giordanengo, Samuel Gissot, Giancarlo Bellucci, Jose Juan Lopez-Moreno
NOMAD is a spectrometer suite on board the ESA/Roscosmos ExoMars Trace Gas Orbiter, which launched in March 2016. NOMAD consists of two infrared channels and one ultraviolet and visible channel, allowing the instrument to perform observations quasi-constantly, by taking nadir measurements at the day- and night-side, and during solar occultations. Here, in part 2 of a linked study, we describe the design, manufacturing, and testing of the ultraviolet and visible spectrometer channel called UVIS. We focus upon the optical design and working principle where two telescopes are coupled to a single grating spectrometer using a selector mechanism...
April 1, 2017: Applied Optics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28366897/revolutionizing-cuban-psychiatry-the-freud-wars-1955-1970
#8
Jennifer Lynn Lambe
This article traces the battle over Freud within Cuban psychiatry from its pre-1959 origins through the "disappearance" of Freud by the early 1970s. It devotes particular attention to the visit of two Soviet psychiatrists to Cuba in the early 1960s as part of a broader campaign to promote Pavlov. The decade-long controversy over Freud responded to both theoretical and political concerns. If for some Freud represented political conservatism and theoretical mystification, Pavlov held out the promise of a dialectical materialist future...
2017: Bulletin of the History of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28365125/development-of-subcutaneous-fat-in-spanish-and-latin-american-children-and-adolescents-reference-values-for-biceps-triceps-subscapular-and-suprailiac-skinfolds
#9
M D Marrodán, M González-Montero de Espinosa, Á Herráez, E L Alfaro, I F Bejarano, M Carmenate, D B Lomaglio, N López-Ejeda, A Martínez, M S Mesa, B Méndez Pérez, J M Meléndez, S Moreno-Romero, J L Pacheco, V Vázquez, J E Dipierri
Subcutaneous fat skinfolds represent a reliable assessment instrument of adiposity status. This study provides current percentile references for four subcutaneous skinfolds (biceps, triceps, subscapular, suprailiac) applicable to children and adolescents in Spain and in Latin American countries where data are scarce. The design consisted of a cross-sectional multicenter study performed with identical methods in 5 countries (Argentina, Cuba, Mexico, Spain and Venezuela). Total sample comprised 9163 children and youths (boys 4615 - girls 4548) aged 6-18 years, healthy and without apparent pathologies...
February 22, 2017: Homo: Internationale Zeitschrift Für die Vergleichende Forschung Am Menschen
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28364208/polycyclic-aromatic-hydrocarbons-and-polychlorinated-biphenyls-in-soils-of-mayabeque-cuba
#10
Dayana Sosa, Isabel Hilber, Roberto Faure, Nora Bartolomé, Osvaldo Fonseca, Armin Keller, Peter Schwab, Arturo Escobar, Thomas D Bucheli
Cuba is a country in transition with a considerable potential for economic growth. Soils are recipients and integrators of chemical pollution, a frequent negative side effect of increasing industrial activities. Therefore, we established a soil monitoring network to monitor polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) and polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) in soils of Mayabeque, a Cuban province southeast of Havana. Concentrations of the sum of the 16 US EPA PAHs and of the seven IRMM PCBs in soils from 39 locations ranged from 20 to 106 μg kg(-1) and from 1...
April 1, 2017: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28348770/non-traumatic-keratitis-due-to-colletotrichum-truncatum
#11
Reina Llamos, Abdullah M S Al-Hatmi, Gerardo Martínez, Ferry Hagen, Rosario Velar, Alexeide de la Caridad Castillo Pérez, Jacques F Meis, María T Illnait-Zaragozí
INTRODUCTION: The fungal genus Colletotrichum is an uncommon cause of human infections. It has been implicated in cutaneous phaeohyphomycosis, artritis and keratitis secondary to traumatic implantation. CASE PRESENTATION: We report two cases of keratitis due Colletotrichum truncatum in middle-aged, immunocompetent persons without history of trauma. The aetiological agents were identified based on DNA sequencing. Azoles and echinocandins showed high minimal inhibitory concentrations while amphotericin B was ≤ 0...
August 2016: JMM Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28341245/in-vitro-anti-diabetic-activity-of-flavonoids-and-pheophytins-from-allophylus-cominia-sw-on-ptp1b-dppiv-alpha-glucosidase-and-alpha-amylase-enzymes
#12
D G Semaan, J O Igoli, L Young, E Marrero, A I Gray, E G Rowan
BACKGROUND: Ethno-botanical information from diabetic patients in Cuba led to the identification of Allophylus cominia as a possible source of new drugs for the treatment of type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2-DM). EXPERIMENTAL: Chemical characterization of the extracts from A. cominia was carried out using chromatographic and spectroscopic methods. The extracts were tested for their activity on PTP1B, DPPIV, α-glucosidase enzymes and α-amylase. RESULTS: The flavonoid rich fractions from A...
May 5, 2017: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28334227/a-phylogenetic-biogeographic-and-taxonomic-study-of-all-extant-species-of-anolis-squamata-iguanidae
#13
Steven Poe, Adrián Nieto-Montes de Oca, Omar Torres-Carvajal, Kevin de Queiroz, Julián A Velasco, Brad Truett, Levi N Gray, Mason J Ryan, Gunther Köhler, Fernando Ayala-Varela, Ian Latella
Anolis lizards (anoles) are textbook study organisms in evolution and ecology. Although several topics in evolutionary biology have been elucidated by the study of anoles, progress in some areas has been hampered by limited phylogenetic information on this group. Here we present a phylogenetic analysis of all 379 extant species of Anolis, with new phylogenetic data for 139 species including new DNA data for 101 species. We use the resulting estimates as a basis for defining anole clade names under the principles of phylogenetic nomenclature and to examine the biogeographic history of anoles...
February 27, 2017: Systematic Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28333591/evidence-accumulation-and-change-rate-inference-in-dynamic-environments
#14
Adrian E Radillo, Alan Veliz-Cuba, Krešimir Josić, Zachary P Kilpatrick
In a constantly changing world, animals must account for environmental volatility when making decisions. To appropriately discount older, irrelevant information, they need to learn the rate at which the environment changes. We develop an ideal observer model capable of inferring the present state of the environment along with its rate of change. Key to this computation is an update of the posterior probability of all possible change point counts. This computation can be challenging, as the number of possibilities grows rapidly with time...
March 23, 2017: Neural Computation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28327850/-the-clinical-person-centered-method-and-its-application-in-primary-healthcare
#15
María Sofía Cuba Fuentes, Zoila Olga de Los Milagros Romero Albino
The person-centered clinical method (PCCM) used in primary healthcare (PHC) is a useful tool to improve a person's approach to a health system that adequately responds to the needs of the population. PHC is built on the basis of a good health system, through compliance with its four attributes-first contact access, person focused care over time, comprehensiveness, and coordination of care-and it becomes an essential part of the growth of any nation that wants to provide quality healthcare. In conclusion, the PCCM is related to a strong PHC, as it is based on an approach focused on meeting people's needs...
October 2016: Revista Peruana de Medicina Experimental y Salud Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28327366/united-states-cuba-research-collaborations-opening-bridges%C3%A2-for-gastroenterology
#16
EDITORIAL
Maria T Abreu, Oriana M Damas, Felipe Neri Piñol Jiménez, Roberto Cañete
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 19, 2017: Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28316305/the-statesmanship-of-william-crawford-gorgas-m-d-surgeon-general-medical-corps-united-states-army
#17
Roy E Gandy, Raven M Christopher, Charles B Rodning
If statesmanship can be characterized as a bed rock of principles, a strong moral compass, a vision, and an ability to articulate and effect that vision, then the fortitude, tenacity, imperturbability, and resilience of William Crawford Gorgas cannot be overestimated. As Chief Sanitary Officer in Cuba and as Chief Medical Officer in Panama, he actualized strategies to eradicate the vectors of yellow fever and malaria. His superiors initially pigeonholed his requisitions, refused to provide him with any authority, and clamored for his dismissal...
March 1, 2017: American Surgeon
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28306707/severity-of-illness-index-for-surgical-departments-in-a-cuban-hospital-a-revalidation-study
#18
Amadys Armas-Bencomo, Teddy Osmin Tamargo-Barbeito, Edelberto Fuentes-Valdés, Rosa Eugenia Jiménez-Paneque
INTRODUCTION: In the context of the evaluation of hospital services, the incorporation of severity indices allows an essential control variable for performance comparisons in time and space through risk adjustment. The severity index for surgical services was developed in 1999 and validated as a general index for surgical services. Sixteen years later the hospital context is different in many ways and a revalidation was considered necessary to guarantee its current usefulness. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the validity and reliability of the surgical services severity index to warrant its reasonable use under current conditions...
March 8, 2017: Medwave
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28284496/qrs-duration-and-dispersion-for-predicting-ventricular-arrhythmias-in-early-stage-of-acute-myocardial-infraction
#19
E Chávez-González, A E Rodríguez Jiménez, F L Moreno-Martínez
OBJECTIVE: To determine the relationship between QRS duration and dispersion and the occurrence of ventricular arrhythmias in early stages of acute myocardial infarction (AMI). DESIGN: A retrospective, longitudinal descriptive study was carried out. SETTING: Hospital General Universitario "Camilo Cienfuegos", Sancti Spíritus, Cuba. Secondary health care. PATIENTS OR PARTICIPANTS: A total of 209 patients diagnosed with ST-segment elevation AMI from January 2012 to June 2014...
March 8, 2017: Medicina Intensiva
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28278397/dramatic-effects-of-control-measures-on-deaths-from-yellow-fever-in-havana-cuba-in-the-early-1900s
#20
Rita Isabel Lechuga, Ana Cristina Castro
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2017: Journal of the Royal Society of Medicine
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