Read by QxMD icon Read

Breast arterial calcification

Sinee Disthabanchong, Sarinya Boongird
Vascular calcification (VC) is common among patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD). The severity of VC is associated with increased risk of cardiovascular events and mortality. Risk factors for VC include traditional cardiovascular risk factors as well as CKD-related risk factors such as increased calcium and phosphate load. VC is observed in arteries of all sizes from small arterioles to aorta, both in the intima and the media of arterial wall. Several imaging techniques have been utilized in the evaluation of the extent and the severity of VC...
May 6, 2017: World Journal of Nephrology
Atoosa Adibi, Farnaz Rabani, Silva Hovsepian
BACKGROUND: Identification of osteoporosis in women in order to prevent its related morbidity and mortality is considered a priority. Routine mammography is performed on all menopausal women as a screening tool. Determination of the relation between breast arterial calcification (BAC) on mammography and the bone density of this high-risk population could help us to determine those with osteoporosis. The aim of this study was to investigate the mentioned probable relation between BAC and osteoporosis...
2017: Advanced Biomedical Research
Angela J Ryan, Andrew D Choi, Brian G Choi, Jannet F Lewis
Breast arterial calcification (BAC) is a type of medial artery calcification that can be seen incidentally on mammography. Studies have suggested association of BAC with cardiovascular risk factors, coronary artery disease (CAD), and cardiovascular morbidity and mortality. Recently published studies have also suggested a modest correlation of BAC with coronary artery calcium (CAC) scoring. Roughly 40 million mammograms are already performed annually in the United States with overlap in patients that undergo CAD screening via CAC scoring...
April 26, 2017: Clinical Cardiology
Flávio Augusto Teixeira Ronzani, Filomena Maria Kirchmaier, Nathália Mussi Monteze, Edson José de Carvalho Magacho, Marcus Gomes Bastos, Natália Maria da Silva Fernandes
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate breast arterial calcification (BAC) detected on routine mammography, analyzing its association with chronic degenerative disease. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This was a cross-sectional study involving women treated at a specialized outpatient clinic for high-risk hypertension, diabetes, or chronic kidney disease, as well as volunteers who participated in a study to validate a method of screening for occult renal disease...
March 2017: Radiologia Brasileira
Miguel Cainzos-Achirica, Rajesh Tota-Maharaj
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2017: Atherosclerosis
Eva J E Hendriks, Joline W J Beulens, Pim A de Jong, Yvonne T van der Schouw, Wei-Ning Sun, C Michael Wright, Michael H Criqui, Matthew A Allison, Joachim H Ix
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: CVD risks associated with coronary artery calcification (CAC) and aortic calcification (AC) are well known, but less is known about other calcified arteries. We aimed to assess the associations of arterial calcification in the breast, splenic, and internal and external iliac arteries with CVD risk factors and mortality. METHODS: We conducted a case-cohort study nested in a cohort of 5196 individuals who self-referred or were referred by a health care provider for whole body computed tomography (CT), including a random subcohort (n = 395) and total and CVD mortality cases (n = 298 and n = 90), who died during a median follow-up of 9...
April 2017: Atherosclerosis
Tamar S Polonsky, Philip Greenland
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 7, 2017: Circulation
Juan Wang, Huanjun Ding, Fatemeh Azamian Bidgoli, Brian Zhou, Carlos Iribarren, Sabee Molloi, Pierre Baldi
Coronary artery disease is a major cause of death in women. Breast arterial calcifications (BACs), detected inmammograms, can be useful riskmarkers associated with the disease. We investigate the feasibility of automated and accurate detection ofBACsinmammograms for risk assessment of coronary artery disease. We develop a 12-layer convolutional neural network to discriminate BAC from non-BAC and apply a pixelwise, patch-based procedure for BAC detection. To assess the performance of the system, we conduct a reader study to provide ground-truth information using the consensus of human expert radiologists...
May 2017: IEEE Transactions on Medical Imaging
Qin Li, Songtao Liu, Kyle J Myers, Marios A Gavrielides, Rongping Zeng, Berkman Sahiner, Nicholas Petrick
RATIONALE AND OBJECTIVES: Different computed tomography imaging protocols and patient characteristics can impact the accuracy and precision of the calcium score and may lead to inconsistent patient treatment recommendations. The aim of this work was to determine the impact of reconstruction algorithm and gender characteristics on coronary artery calcium scoring based on a phantom study using computed tomography. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Four synthetic heart vessels with vessel diameters corresponding to female and male left main and left circumflex arteries containing calcification-mimicking materials (200-1000 HU) were inserted into a thorax phantom and were scanned with and without female breast plates (male and female phantoms, respectively)...
September 22, 2016: Academic Radiology
Kadihan Yalçin Şafak, Ayşegül Eratalay, Ebru Dülger İliş, Neslihan Umarusman Tanju
BACKGROUND/AIM: We aimed to detect the incidence of breast arterial calcification (BAC) in patients that underwent mammography and to reveal the relationship of BAC with cardiovascular diseases, cardiovascular risk factors, parity, and breastfeeding. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 1195 female patients were included in this study. Cases that were positive for BAC during mammography were recorded. The relationship of BAC with age, body mass index, parity, breastfeeding, menopause, smoking, alcohol consumption, oral contraceptive use, hormone replacement therapy, and histories of hypertension (HT), diabetes mellitus (DM), coronary artery disease (CAD), and cerebral vascular diseases were investigated...
2016: Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences
Marco Zuin, Gianluca Rigatelli, Fiorenzo Scaranello, Sergio Giuseppe Ribecco, Claudio Picariello, Giovanni Zuliani, Giuseppe Faggian, Pietro Zonzin, Loris Roncon
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 1, 2016: International Journal of Cardiology
Tamuna Chadashvili, Diana Litmanovich, Ferris Hall, Priscilla J Slanetz
PURPOSE: To determine whether breast arterial calcifications (BAC) seen on mammography correlates with coronary artery calcium score on coronary CT as it may serve as a potential marker for increased risk of developing symptomatic coronary artery disease (CAD). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Retrospective review of the imaging database at our institution identified 145 female patients who underwent coronary CT within a year of screening or diagnostic mammography. The coronary calcium score on CT was calculated by multiplying area of calcification by weighted value assigned to its highest Hounsfield unit and summed for all lesions and expressed as Agaston score...
June 2016: European Journal of Radiology
Khurram Nasir, John W McEvoy
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2016: JACC. Cardiovascular Imaging
Laurie Margolies, Mary Salvatore, Harvey S Hecht, Sean Kotkin, Rowena Yip, Usman Baber, Vivian Bishay, Jagat Narula, David Yankelevitz, Claudia Henschke
OBJECTIVES: This study sought to determine if breast arterial calcification (BAC) on digital mammography predicts coronary artery calcification (CAC). BACKGROUND: BAC is frequently noted but the quantitative relationships to CAC and risk factors are unknown. METHODS: A total of 292 women with digital mammography and nongated computed tomography was evaluated. BAC was quantitatively evaluated (0 to 12) and CAC was measured on computed tomography using a 0 to 12 score; they were correlated with each other and the Framingham Risk Score (FRS) and the 2013 Cholesterol Guidelines Pooled Cohort Equations (PCE)...
April 2016: JACC. Cardiovascular Imaging
Jan-Jurre Mordang, Albert Gubern-Mérida, Gerard den Heeten, Nico Karssemeijer
PURPOSE: In the past decades, computer-aided detection (CADe) systems have been developed to aid screening radiologists in the detection of malignant microcalcifications. These systems are useful to avoid perceptual oversights and can increase the radiologists' detection rate. However, due to the high number of false positives marked by these CADe systems, they are not yet suitable as an independent reader. Breast arterial calcifications (BACs) are one of the most frequent false positives marked by CADe systems...
April 2016: Medical Physics
N Ali-Tatar Chentir, M Korabi, M T Chentir
OBJECTIFS: Irradiation of the heart in patients with breast cancer increases the risk of the so-called "radiation-induced heart disease" (RIHD). Among risk factors of RIHD, overweight, hypertension and diabetes mellitus take a major place. To describe a clinical case of an obese hypertensive diabetes mellitus woman with breast cancer since the begining of her radiotherapy until heart failure on the basis of the report from the European Association of Cardiovascular Imaging consensus for evaluation of cardiovascular complications of radiotherapy in adults...
December 2015: Annales de Cardiologie et D'angéiologie
Kum Hyun Han, W Charles O'Neill
BACKGROUND: Matrix Gla protein is a vitamin K-dependent inhibitor of vascular calcification. Warfarin use is associated with increased breast arterial calcification, but whether this is reflective of other arteries or occurs in men is unclear. In this study, the prevalence of calcification in peripheral arteries was compared in patients with and without warfarin therapy. METHODS AND RESULTS: This retrospective matched cohort study assessed 430 patients with radiographs performed during or after warfarin therapy who were identified by a computerized search of medical records...
January 25, 2016: Journal of the American Heart Association
Athanassios Zissimopoulos, Lukia Baloka, Eleni Nagorni, Evangelos Karathanos, Antonios Tsartsarakis, Vasiliki Apostolidou, Andina Thomaidou, Gregory Tripsianis
OBJECTIVE: Fetuin-A is an acidic glycoprotein produced in the liver, as an inhibitor for cysteine protease. Its gene is founded in chromosome 3 (3q27). It is involved in various physiological and pathological conditions. These include vascular decalcification, bone metabolism, insulin resistance, protease function control, neurological illnesses and multiplication of breast cancer cells. Vascular calcifications predict cardiovascular disease which can be a major cause of death. So, fetuin-A is a potent circulating calcification inhibitor...
September 2015: Hellenic Journal of Nuclear Medicine
Matthew C Whitlock, Joseph Yeboah, Gregory L Burke, Haiying Chen, Heidi D Klepin, W Gregory Hundley
BACKGROUND: Although cancer and its corresponding therapies are associated with increased ischemic heart disease, the temporal relationship between cancer and the development of coronary artery calcium (CAC), a marker of subclinical atherosclerosis, is unknown. METHODS AND RESULTS: Among 3122 men and women free of cardiovascular disease and cancer in the Multi-Ethnic Study of Atherosclerosis trial, CAC scoring was performed at baseline (2000-2002) and at follow-up (2010-2012)...
November 9, 2015: Journal of the American Heart Association
Domnique Newallo, Felix G Meinel, U Joseph Schoepf, Stefan Baumann, Carlo N De Cecco, Rebecca J Leddy, Rozemarijn Vliegenthart, Helge Möllmann, Christian W Hamm, Pamela B Morris, Matthias Renker
OBJECTIVE: Accumulating data on predominantly Caucasian women suggests an association between breast arterial calcification (BAC) and coronary artery disease (CAD). We sought to comprehensively examine the correlation between mammographic BAC and CAD endpoints detected by cardiac computed tomography (CCT) in African American (AA) women. METHODS: Consecutive AA women who underwent digital screening mammography and CCT were identified. In blinded fashion, mammographic and CCT studies were reviewed...
September 2015: Atherosclerosis
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"