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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28330336/postpartum-modern-contraceptive-use-and-associated-factors-in-northern-ethiopia
#1
Teklehaymanot Huluf Abraha, Alemayehu Shimeka Teferra, Abebaw Addis Gelagay
OBJECTIVES: Postpartum period is a critical period to address high unmet needs of family planning and to reduce the risks of closely spaced pregnancies. However, contraception during extended postpartum period has given less emphasis concerning contraceptive practice in Ethiopia. Therefore, this study was aimed to assess postpartum modern contraceptive use and associated factors among postpartum women in Northern Ethiopia. METHODS: A community based cross sectional study was done from March to April, 2015...
March 20, 2017: Epidemiology and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28330323/modification-of-sargassum-angustifolium-by-molybdate-during-a-facile-cultivation-for-high-rate-phosphate-removal-from-wastewater-structural-characterization-and-adsorptive-behavior
#2
Firozeh Saberzadeh Sarvestani, Hossein Esmaeili, Bahman Ramavandi
In this paper, a new and facile approach for molybdate loading in the brown algae of Sargassum angustifolium is introduced. The molybdate ions were entered into the algae body during a short cultivation to produce algae-Mo as a novel adsorbent for eliminating phosphate ions from synthetic and real wastewaters. Results of the surface analysis showed that molybdate loading onto the algae was successfully performed. Herein, basic variables, such as initial solution pH, adsorbent dosage, contact time, phosphate concentration, and temperature, were investigated in detail to assess the phosphate adsorption performance of algae-Mo...
December 2016: 3 Biotech
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28330123/microbial-degradation-of-low-density-polyethylene-ldpe-by-aspergillus-clavatus-strain-jask1-isolated-from-landfill-soil
#3
Anudurga Gajendiran, Sharmila Krishnamoorthy, Jayanthi Abraham
Polythene and plastic waste are found to accumulate in the environment, posing a major ecological threat. They are found to be considered non-degradable, once it enters the environment it has been found to remain there indefinitely. However, significant attention has been placed on biodegradable polymer, identification of microbes with degradative potential on plastic material. The aim of the present investigation was to biodegrade low-density polyethylene (LDPE) using potential fungi isolated from landfill soil...
June 2016: 3 Biotech
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28329559/factors-correlated-with-residents-decisions-to-enter-academic-dermatology
#4
Brenda M Morales-Pico, Cary C Cotton, Dean S Morrell
The demand for dermatologic services and training at academic medical centers has outpaced the growth in the field's academic workforce. Recruitment of graduating residents has been proposed as a solution to the shortage of academic dermatologists. The purpose of this study was to further our current understanding of the factors that support the recruitment and retention of academicians. A survey questionnaire was mailed to graduates of the dermatology residency program at the University of North Carolina, and data were gathered retrospectively from participants' residency application materials...
November 15, 2016: Dermatology Online Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28329441/a-framework-for-the-etiology-of-running-related-injuries
#5
REVIEW
M L Bertelsen, A Hulme, J Petersen, R Korsgaard Brund, H Sørensen, C F Finch, E T Parner, R O Nielsen
The etiology of running-related injury is important to consider as the effectiveness of a given running-related injury prevention intervention is dependent on whether etiologic factors are readily modifiable and consistent with a biologically plausible causal mechanism. Therefore, the purpose of the present article was to present an evidence-informed conceptual framework outlining the multifactorial nature of running-related injury etiology. In the framework, four mutually exclusive parts are presented: (A) Structure-specific capacity when entering a running session; (B) Structure-specific cumulative load per running session; (C) Reduction in the structure-specific capacity during a running session; and, (D) Exceeding the structure-specific capacity...
March 22, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Medicine & Science in Sports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28329435/face-shield-design-against-blast-induced-head-injuries
#6
Long Bin Tan, Kwong Ming Tse, Yuan Hong Tan, Mohamad Ali Bin Sapingi, Vincent Beng Chye Tan, Heow Pueh Lee
Blast-induced traumatic brain injury (TBI) has been on the rise in recent years due to the increasing use of improvised explosive devices (IEDs) in conflict zones. Our study investigates the response of a helmeted human head subjected to a blast of 1 atm peak overpressure, for cases with and without a standard polycarbonate (PC) face shield and for face shields comprising of composite PC and aerogel materials and with lateral edge extension. The novel introduction of aerogel into the laminate face shield is explored and its wave-structure interaction mechanics and performance in blast mitigation is analysed...
March 22, 2017: International Journal for Numerical Methods in Biomedical Engineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28329340/baseline-characteristics-of-participants-in-the-aspree-aspirin-in-reducing-events-in-the-elderly-study
#7
John J McNeil, Robyn L Woods, Mark R Nelson, Anne M Murray, Christopher M Reid, Brenda Kirpach, Elsdon Storey, Raj C Shah, Rory S Wolfe, Andrew M Tonkin, Anne B Newman, Jeff D Williamson, Jessica E Lockery, Karen L Margolis, Michael E Ernst, Walter P Abhayaratna, Nigel Stocks, Sharyn M Fitzgerald, Ruth E Trevaks, Suzanne G Orchard, Lawrence J Beilin, Geoffrey A Donnan, Peter Gibbs, Colin I Johnston, Richard H Grimm
Background: There are no primary prevention trials of aspirin with relevant geriatric outcomes in elderly people. ASPirin in Reducing Events in the Elderly (ASPREE) is a placebo-controlled trial of low-dose aspirin that will determine whether 5 years of daily 100-mg enteric-coated aspirin extends disability-free and dementia-free life in a healthy elderly population and whether these benefits outweigh the risks. Methods: Set in primary care, this randomized double-blind placebo-controlled trial has a composite primary endpoint of death, incident dementia or persistent physical disability...
January 20, 2017: Journals of Gerontology. Series A, Biological Sciences and Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28329312/first-experience-with-transfemoral-transcatheter-aortic-valve-implantation-without-prior-balloon-pre-dilatation-using-a-latest-generation-repositionable-and-retrievable-transcatheter-heart-valve%C3%A2
#8
Andreas Schaefer, Eva Harmel, Moritz Seiffert, Daniel Reichart, Florian Deuschl, Niklas Schofer, Yvonne Schneeberger, Stefan Blankenberg, Hermann Reichenspurner, Ulrich Schaefer, Lenard Conradi
OBJECTIVES: : The aim of this study was to prove technical feasibility and document haemodynamic and clinical outcomes of transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI) with the latest generation repositionable and retrievable Lotus™ transcatheter heart valve (THV) without prior balloon-aortic valvuloplasty (BAV). It has been demonstrated for self-expandable and balloon-expandable THV that implantation without prior BAV is not only feasible and safe but also results in lower fluoroscopy times and amounts of contrast agent while yielding non-inferior haemodynamic and clinical outcome...
February 6, 2017: Interactive Cardiovascular and Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28329281/echinocandins-compared-to-fluconazole-for-candidemia-of-a-urinary-tract-source-a-propensity-score-analysis
#9
G Cuervo, C Garcia-Vidal, M Puig-Asensio, A Vena, Y Meije, M Fernández-Ruiz, E González-Barberá, M J Blanco-Vidal, A Manzur, C Cardozo, C Gudiol, J M Montejo, J Pemán, J Ayats, J M Aguado, P Muñoz, F Marco, B Almirante, J Carratalà
Background.: Whether echinocandins could be used to treat candidemia of a urinary tract source (CUTS) is unknown. We aimed to provide current epidemiological information of CUTS and to compare echinocandin to fluconazole treatment on CUTS outcomes. Methods.: A multicenter study of adult patients with candidemia was conducted in 9 hospitals. CUTS was defined as a candidemia with concomitant candiduria by the same organism associated with significant urological comorbidity...
February 27, 2017: Clinical Infectious Diseases: An Official Publication of the Infectious Diseases Society of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28329181/treatment-response-in-enteric-fever-in-an-era-of-increasing-antimicrobial-resistance-an-individual-patient-data-analysis-of-2-092-participants-enrolled-into-four-randomised-controlled-trials-in-nepal
#10
Corinne N Thompsom, Abhilasha Karkey, Sabina Dongol, Amit Ariyal, Marcel Wolbers, Thomas Darton, Jeremey J Farrar, Guy E Thwaites, Christiane Dolecek, Buddha Basnyat, Stephen Baker
Background: Enteric fever, caused by Salmonella Typhi and Salmonella Paratyphi A, is the leading cause of bacterial febrile disease in South Asia. Methods: Individual patient data from 2,092 subjects with enteric fever randomised into four trials in Kathmandu, Nepal was pooled. All trials compared gatifloxacin with a comparator drug: cefixime, chloramphenicol, ofloxacin, or ceftriaxone. Treatment outcomes were evaluated according to antimicrobial if S. Typhi/Paratyphi were isolated from blood...
February 28, 2017: Clinical Infectious Diseases: An Official Publication of the Infectious Diseases Society of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28329149/prediction-of-long-term-cognitive-decline-following-postoperative-delirium-in-older-adults
#11
Elizabeth E Devore, Tamara G Fong, Edward R Marcantonio, Eva M Schmitt, Thomas G Travison, Richard N Jones, Sharon K Inouye
Background: Increasing evidence suggests that postoperative delirium may result in long-term cognitive decline among older adults. Risk factors for such cognitive decline are unknown. Methods: We studied 126 older participants without delirium or dementia upon entering the Successful AGing After Elective Surgery (SAGES) study, who developed postoperative delirium and completed repeated cognitive assessments (up to 36 months of follow-up). Pre-surgical factors were assessed preoperatively and divided into nine groupings of related factors ("domains")...
March 15, 2017: Journals of Gerontology. Series A, Biological Sciences and Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28329128/quinolone-ear-drops-after-tympanostomy-tubes-and-the-risk-of-eardrum-perforation-a-retrospective-cohort-study
#12
Adel Alrwisan, Patrick J Antonelli, Almut G Winterstein
Background.: This study investigated whether quinolone ear drops, with or without corticosteroids, increase the risk of perforation requiring tympanoplasty following tympanostomy tube (TT) placement in children. Methods.: This was a retrospective cohort study using Medicaid encounter and pharmacy billing data from 29 US states between 1999 and 2006. Children <18 years old without predisposing factors for perforation during a 6-month look-back period entered the cohort after TT placement and first dispensing of antibiotic ear drops...
February 27, 2017: Clinical Infectious Diseases: An Official Publication of the Infectious Diseases Society of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28329058/improved-long-term-outcomes-in-double-inlet-left-ventricle-and-tricuspid-atresia-with-transposed-great-arteries-systemic-outflow-tract-obstruction-present-at-birth-defines-long-term-outcome
#13
Lotte C Franken, Manouk Admiraal, Charlotte E Verrall, Diana Zannino, Julian G Ayer, Ajay J Iyengar, Andrew D Cole, Gary F Sholler, Yves D'Udekem, David S Winlaw
OBJECTIVES: In 2 subtypes of functional single ventricle, double inlet left ventricle (DILV) and tricuspid atresia with transposed great arteries (TA-TGA), systemic output passes through an outflow chamber before entering the aorta. Intracardiac obstruction to this pathway causing systemic outflow tract obstruction (SOTO) may be present at birth or develop over time. Long-term survival after Fontan has not been defined. We defined outcomes utilizing records from 2 centres that were cross-checked with data from a bi-national Fontan Registry for completeness and accuracy...
March 4, 2017: European Journal of Cardio-thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28328396/improved-medication-adherence-and-frequency-of-blood-glucose-self-testing-using-an-m-health-platform-versus-usual-care-in-a-multisite-randomized-clinical-trial-among-people-with-type-2-diabetes-in-india
#14
Nora J Kleinman, Avani Shah, Sanjiv Shah, Sanjeev Phatak, Vijay Viswanathan
BACKGROUND: In 2015, India had an estimated 69.2 million people with diabetes and a national prevalence of 8.7%. Evidence is mounting for the benefits of telemedicine in diabetes care, but remains limited on mobile-health (m-Health) interventions. INTRODUCTION: This study assessed the impact of an m-Health diabetes platform on clinical outcomes, patient-reported outcomes, patient and provider satisfaction, and app usage. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This open-label, two-arm parallel study enrolled 91 people at 3 sites in India, aged 18-65, with type 2 diabetes, and an A1c between 7...
March 6, 2017: Telemedicine Journal and E-health: the Official Journal of the American Telemedicine Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28328352/identification-isolation-and-phylogenetic-analysis-of-clostridium-perfringens-type-a-and-type-c-from-wild-boar-sus-scrofa-in-the-people-s-republic-of-china
#15
Meng Li, Xu Zhang, Lingwei Zhu, Haifeng Wang, Na Zhao, Jing Luo, Chengmin Wang, Yutian Wang, Yanhua Liu, Wei Zhou, Bikai Zhang, Huancheng Guo, Hongxuan He
Clostridium perfringens is a Gram-positive, anaerobic, spore-forming bacterium that can induces gas gangrene or enteritis in poultry and humans and many other mammalian species. Here, we report an outbreak of C. perfringens type A and type C coinfection in wild boars ( Sus scrofa ). In February 2016, 10 dead wild boars, including two fresh carcasses, were found in Zhaosu County, Xinjiang Province, People's Republic of China. The two fresh carcasses were included in this study. Two strains of C. perfringens were isolated, identified, genotyped, and phylogenetically analyzed...
March 22, 2017: Journal of Wildlife Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28328242/human-airway-epithelial-cells-direct-significant-rhinovirus-replication-in-monocytic-cells-by-enhancing-icam1-expression
#16
Xu Zhou, Lingxiang Zhu, Rosa Lizarraga, Yin Chen
Human rhinovirus (RV) is the major cause of common cold, and it also plays a significant role in asthma and asthma exacerbation. Airway epithelium is the primary site of RV infection and production. In contrast, monocytic cells (e.g. monocytes and macrophages) are believed to be non-permissive for RV replication. Instead, RV has been shown to modulate inflammatory gene expressions in these cells via a replication-independent mechanism. In the present study, RV16 (a major-group RV) replication was found to be significantly enhanced in monocytes when co-cultivated with airway epithelial cells...
March 22, 2017: American Journal of Respiratory Cell and Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28328148/long-term-follow-up-study-of-community-based-patients-receiving-xr-ntx-for-opioid-use-disorders
#17
Arthur Robin Williams, Vincent Barbieri, Kaitlyn Mishlen, Frances R Levin, Edward V Nunes, John J Mariani, Adam Bisaga
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Extended-release naltrexone (XR-NTX) is FDA-approved to prevent relapse in patients with Opioid Use Disorder. However little is known about long-term use among community-based outpatients. METHODS: Retrospective chart review and long-term follow-up survey among individuals (N = 168) who entered an outpatient XR-NTX trial between 2011 and 2015, during which participants were offered three monthly injections of XR-NTX at no cost. The survey consisted of 35 questions covering a total of four domains: (1) substance use; (2) treatment continuation; (3) barriers; and (4) attitudes...
March 22, 2017: American Journal on Addictions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28328132/revised-estimates-of-the-risk-of-fetal-loss-following-a-prenatal-diagnosis-of-trisomy-13-or-trisomy-18
#18
Alana Cavadino, Joan K Morris
Edwards syndrome (trisomy 18) and Patau syndrome (trisomy 13) both have high natural fetal loss rates. The aim of this study was to provide estimates of these fetal loss rates by single gestational week of age using data from the National Down Syndrome Cytogenetic Register. Data from all pregnancies with Edwards or Patau syndrome that were prenatally detected in England and Wales from 2004 to 2014 was analyzed using Kaplan-Meier survival estimates. Pregnancies were entered into the analysis at the time of gestation at diagnosis, and were considered "under observation" until the gestation at outcome...
April 2017: American Journal of Medical Genetics. Part A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28327633/cardiac-drug-drug-interaction-between-hcv-ns5b-pronucleotide-inhibitors-and-amiodarone-is-determined-by-their-specific-diastereochemistry
#19
Armando Lagrutta, Christopher P Regan, Haoyu Zeng, John P Imredy, Kenneth Koeplinger, Pierre Morissette, Liping Liu, Gordon Wollenberg, Christopher Brynczka, José Lebrón, Joseph DeGeorge, Frederick Sannajust
Severe bradycardia/bradyarrhythmia following coadministration of the HCV-NS5B prodrug sofosbuvir with amiodarone was recently reported. Our previous preclinical in vivo experiments demonstrated that only certain HCV-NS5B prodrugs elicit bradycardia when combined with amiodarone. In this study, we evaluate the impact of HCV-NS5B prodrug phosphoramidate diastereochemistry (D-/L-alanine, R-/S-phosphoryl) in vitro and in vivo. Co-applied with amiodarone, L-ala,SP prodrugs increased beating rate and decreased beat amplitude in human induced pluripotent stem cell-derived cardiomyocytes (hiPSC-CMs), but D-ala,RP produgs, including MK-3682, did not...
March 22, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28327378/gender-related-psychopathology-in-opioid-use-disorder-results-from-a-representative-sample-of-italian-addiction-services
#20
Beniamino Leone, Marco Di Nicola, Lorenzo Moccia, Mauro Pettorruso, Luisa De Risio, Giuseppe Nucara, Lorenzo Zamboni, Antonino Callea, Luigi Janiri, Mauro Cibin, Fabio Lugoboni
AIMS: Gender and psychiatric comorbidity seem to influence patients' inter-individual response to Opioid Substitution Treatments (OST) in Opioid Use Disorder (OUD) management. The aim of the study was to assess psychopathological dimensions in an Italian sample of OUD individuals entering a methadone/buprenorphine maintenance program; secondary, we evaluated the possible gender-specific differences within the psychopathological profiles. METHODS: In a cross-sectional study, we recruited 1052 (792 male; 260 female) OUD subjects receiving OST...
March 10, 2017: Addictive Behaviors
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