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Functional abdominal pain

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29153229/psychosocial-consequences-in-men-taking-part-in-a-national-screening-program-for-abdominal-aortic-aneurysm
#1
Anna Ericsson, Jan Holst, Anders Gottsäter, Moncef Zarrouk, Christine Kumlien
Screening for abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) has proven to reduce AAA-related mortality, but how the knowledge of having an untreated AAA affects health and daily life requires further clarification. The aim was to investigate the psychosocial consequences and sense of coherence (SOC) in 65-year-old men diagnosed with AAA and participating in a national screening program during a 6-month follow-up compared with men with no AAA. The single-center cohort study included 52 men with AAA and 118 men without AAA...
December 2017: Journal of Vascular Nursing: Official Publication of the Society for Peripheral Vascular Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29150839/liver-injury-induced-by-clomiphene-citrate-a-case-report-and-literature-reviews
#2
H-M Zhang, X-H Zhao, Y-F He, L-R Sun
WHAT IS KNOWN AND OBJECTIVE: Clomiphene citrate is used to cause ovulation in females and to increase semen production in males. Clomiphene citrate is well tolerated in most patients and rarely induces liver injury. We report a case of liver injury which is associated with administration of clomiphene citrate in a male patient. CASE SUMMARY: A 31-year-old man who was treated by clomiphene citrate for 5 days was transferred to our emergency room with reddish-brown urine and upper abdominal pain...
November 17, 2017: Journal of Clinical Pharmacy and Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149474/interventions-for-old-world-cutaneous-leishmaniasis
#3
REVIEW
Julio Heras-Mosteiro, Begoña Monge-Maillo, Mariona Pinart, Patricia Lopez Pereira, Emely Garcia-Carrasco, Pedro Campuzano Cuadrado, Ana Royuela, Irene Mendez Roman, Rogelio López-Vélez
BACKGROUND: Cutaneous leishmaniasis, caused by a parasitic infection, is considered one of the most serious skin diseases in many low- and middle-income countries. Old World cutaneous leishmaniasis (OWCL) is caused by species found in Africa, Asia, the Middle East, the Mediterranean, and India. The most commonly prescribed treatments are antimonials, but other drugs have been used with varying success. As OWCL tends to heal spontaneously, it is necessary to justify the use of systemic and topical treatments...
November 17, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149143/efficacy-of-magnesium-sulfate-added-to-local-anesthetic-in-a-transversus-abdominis-plane-block-for-analgesia-following-total-abdominal-hysterectomy-a-randomized-trial
#4
Kelany A Abd-Elsalam, Khaled M Fares, Montaser A Mohamed, Mohamed F Mohamed, Ahmad M Abd El-Rahman, Moaaz M Tohamy
BACKGROUND: Major abdominal surgeries are associated with severe pain, which can affect respiratory and cardiac functions if insufficiently treated; this increases postoperative morbidity. OBJECTIVE: We aim at evaluating the efficacy of magnesium sulfate as an adjuvant to local anesthetic in an ultrasound-guided transversus abdominis plane (TAP) block for postoperative analgesia in total abdominal hysterectomy. STUDY DESIGN: A prospective, randomized, double-blinded clinical trial...
November 2017: Pain Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29145293/y-configuration-stent-combined-with-iodine-125-seeds-strand-for-the-treatment-of-hepatocellular-carcinoma-with-tumor-thrombosis-in-portal-vein-branches-a-case-report
#5
Tan Tan, Yudong Xiao, Shunke Zhou, Cong Ma, Zishu Zhang
RATIONALE: Currently, the treatment of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) associated with portal vein tumor thrombosis (PVTT) is a challenge. Percutaneous puncture endovascular placement of iodine-125 (I) seeds strand and stent is reported to treat HCC with tumor thrombus effectively. However, it is proved to be only suitable for the main portal vein (MPV) thrombus. PATIENT CONCERNS: A 42-year-old male patient was referred to our institution after experiencing right upper abdominal distention without abdominal pain, nausea, or vomiting for 2 weeks...
November 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29138961/blastocystis-subtypes-isolated-from-irritable-bowel-syndrome-patients-and-co-infection-with-helicobacter-pylori
#6
Ayman A El-Badry, Wegdan M Abd El Wahab, Doaa A Hamdy, Alaa Aboud
Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) is a chronic functional gastrointestinal disease presenting clinically by abdominal pain with alteration of bowel habits. Although IBS has uncertain etiology, chronic gut inflammation due to persistent exposure to an infectious agent including Blastocystis sp. was proposed. The aim of this study was to detect the prevalence of Blastocystis sp. subtype (ST) isolated from stool of IBS patients and to assess Blastocystis sp. and H. pylori co-infection in IBS patients from Beni-Suef Governorate, Egypt...
November 14, 2017: Parasitology Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29132246/phage-derived-protein-mediated-targeted-chemotherapy-of-pancreatic-cancer
#7
Tao Wang, Radhika Narayanaswamy, Huilan Ren, James W Gillespie, Valery A Petrenko, Vladimir P Torchilin
Pancreatic cancer has been a life-threatening illness associated with high incidence and mortality rates. Paclitaxel that causes mitotic arrest in cancer cells disrupting microtubule function is used for pancreatic cancer treatment[1]. Nausea, anorexia and abdominal pain are some of the typical dose-limiting toxicity associated gastrointestinal side effects of the drug[2]. Here we present the use of polymeric mixed micelles to enable a targeted delivery of Paclitaxel and to provide additional advantages such as enhanced drug solubility, bioavailability and minimal dose-limiting toxicity...
November 13, 2017: Journal of Drug Targeting
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29114517/effects-of-proprioceptive-neuromuscular-facilitation-based-abdominal-muscle-strengthening-training-on-pulmonary-function-pain-and-functional-disability-index-in-chronic-low-back-pain-patients
#8
Beom-Ryong Kim, Hye-Jin Lee
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effect of abdominal muscle strengthening training (AMST) using proprioceptive neuromuscular facilitation (PNF) on pulmonary function, pain, and functional disability index in chronic low back pain (CLBP) patients. Thirty CLBP patients were randomly assigned to the traditional physical therapy (control) group (n=15) and PNF-AMST group (n=15). Forced expiratory volume at 1 second (FEV1) was measured to measure changes in pulmonary function. To measure the degree of pain, a visual analog scale (VAS) was used...
August 2017: Journal of Exercise Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29112086/randomized-controlled-clinical-trial-on-value-of-domperidone-in-functional-abdominal-pain-in-children
#9
Amaranath Karunanayake, Niranga M Devanarayana, Asita de Silva, Sampath Gunawardena, Shaman Rajindrajith
OBJECTIVES: The aim of the study was to evaluate the therapeutic effect of domperidone on children with abdominal pain predominant functional gastrointestinal disorders (AP-FGIDs). METHODS: One hundred children (aged 5-12 years) fulfilling Rome III criteria for AP-FGIDs were randomized into 8 weeks of domperidone or placebo treatment. Primary outcomes defined were cure and patient-reported general improvement. Secondary outcomes were reduction in the severity of abdominal pain and increase in gastric motility...
November 3, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29111202/intestinal-fructose-malabsorption-is-associated-with-increased-lactulose-fermentation-in-the-intestinal-lumen-of-patients-with-abdominal-pain
#10
Roberto Koity Fujihara Ozaki, Patrícia da Graça Leite Speridião, Ana Cristina Fontenele Soares, Mauro Batista de Morais
OBJECTIVE: To study fructose malabsorption in children and adolescents with abdominal pain associated with functional gastrointestinal disorders. As an additional objective, the association between intestinal fructose malabsorption and food intake, including the estimated fructose consumption, weight, height, and lactulose fermentability were also studied. METHODS: The study included 31 patients with abdominal pain (11 with functional dyspepsia, 10 with irritable bowel syndrome, and 10 with functional abdominal pain)...
October 28, 2017: Jornal de Pediatria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29108895/changes-in-bowel-habits-and-patient-scored-symptoms-after-roux-en-y-gastric-bypass-and-biliopancreatic-diversion-with-duodenal-switch
#11
Khalid Elias, Zakaria Bekhali, Jakob Hedberg, Wilhelm Graf, Magnus Sundbom
BACKGROUND: Bariatric procedures are increasingly being used, but data on bowel habits are scarce. OBJECTIVES: To assess changes in gastrointestinal function and patient-scored symptoms after Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB) and biliopancreatic diversion with duodenal switch (BPD/DS). SETTING: University hospital in Sweden. METHODS: We recruited 268 adult patients (mean age of 42.5 yr, body mass index 44.8, 67.9% female) listed for RYGB and BPD/DS...
September 28, 2017: Surgery for Obesity and related Diseases: Official Journal of the American Society for Bariatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29107679/efficacy-and-safety-of-selective-internal-radiotherapy-with-yttrium-90-resin-microspheres-compared-with-sorafenib-in-locally-advanced-and-inoperable-hepatocellular-carcinoma-sarah-an-open-label-randomised-controlled-phase-3-trial
#12
Valérie Vilgrain, Helena Pereira, Eric Assenat, Boris Guiu, Alina Diana Ilonca, Georges-Philippe Pageaux, Annie Sibert, Mohamed Bouattour, Rachida Lebtahi, Wassim Allaham, Hélène Barraud, Valérie Laurent, Elodie Mathias, Jean-Pierre Bronowicki, Jean-Pierre Tasu, Rémy Perdrisot, Christine Silvain, René Gerolami, Olivier Mundler, Jean-Francois Seitz, Vincent Vidal, Christophe Aubé, Frédéric Oberti, Olivier Couturier, Isabelle Brenot-Rossi, Jean-Luc Raoul, Anthony Sarran, Charlotte Costentin, Emmanuel Itti, Alain Luciani, René Adam, Maïté Lewin, Didier Samuel, Maxime Ronot, Aurelia Dinut, Laurent Castera, Gilles Chatellier
BACKGROUND: Sorafenib is the recommended treatment for patients with advanced hepatocellular carcinoma. We aimed to compare the efficacy and safety of sorafenib to that of selective internal radiotherapy (SIRT) with yttrium-90 ((90)Y) resin microspheres in patients with hepatocellular carcinoma. METHODS: SARAH was a multicentre, open-label, randomised, controlled, investigator-initiated, phase 3 trial done at 25 centres specialising in liver diseases in France. Patients were eligible if they were aged at least 18 years with a life expectancy greater than 3 months, had an Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) performance status of 0 or 1, Child-Pugh liver function class A or B score of 7 or lower, and locally advanced hepatocellular carcinoma (Barcelona Clinic Liver Cancer [BCLC] stage C), or new hepatocellular carcinoma not eligible for surgical resection, liver transplantation, or thermal ablation after a previously cured hepatocellular carcinoma (cured by surgery or thermoablative therapy), or hepatocellular carcinoma with two unsuccessful rounds of transarterial chemoembolisation...
October 26, 2017: Lancet Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29105908/the-research-gap-in-chronic-paediatric-pain-a-systematic-review-of-randomised-controlled-trials
#13
REVIEW
R Boulkedid, A Y Abdou, E Desselas, M Manégat, T G de Leeuw, J Avez-Couturier, S Dugue, C Mareau, B Charron, C Alberti, F Kaguelidou
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Chronic pain is associated with significant functional and social impairment. The objective of this review was to assess the characteristics and quality of randomized controlled trials (RCTs) evaluating pain management interventions in children and adolescents with chronic pain. METHODS: We performed a systematic search of PubMed, Embase and the Cochrane Library up to July 2017. We included RCTs that involved children and adolescents (3 months-18 years) and evaluated the use of pharmacological or non-pharmacological intervention(s) in the context of pain persisting or re-occurring for more than 3 months...
November 5, 2017: European Journal of Pain: EJP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29099857/knockout-of-apolipoprotein-e-in-rabbit-promotes-premature-intervertebral-disc-degeneration-a-new-in-vivo-model-for-therapeutic-approaches-of-spinal-disc-disorders
#14
Anja Beierfuß, Hermann Dietrich, Christian Kremser, Monika Hunjadi, Andreas Ritsch, Thomas Rülicke, Claudius Thomé, Demissew Shenegelegn Mern
Intervertebral disc (IVD) degeneration that accelerates the loss of disc structural and functional integrities is recognized as one of the major factors of chronic back pain. Cardiovascular risk factors, such as deficits of apolipoproteins that elevate the levels of cholesterol and triglycerides, are considered critical for the progress of atherosclerosis; notably in the abdominal aorta and its lumbar branching arteries that supply lumbar vertebrae and IVDs. Obstruction of the lumbar arteries by atherosclerosis is presumed to promote lumbar disc degeneration and low back pain...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29099770/adenosine-a2b-receptors-an-optional-target-for-the-management-of-irritable-bowel-syndrome-with-diarrhea
#15
REVIEW
Teita Asano, Mitsuko Takenaga
Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) is a functional gastrointestinal disorder, with the characteristic symptoms of chronic abdominal pain and altered bowel habits (diarrhea, constipation, or both). IBS is a highly prevalent condition, which negatively affects quality of life and is a significant burden on global healthcare costs. Although many pharmacological medicines have been proposed to treat IBS, including those targeting receptors, channels, and chemical mediators related to visceral hypersensitivity, successful pharmacotherapy for the disease has not been established...
November 3, 2017: Journal of Clinical Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29098195/subcapsular-splenic-urinoma-and-splenorenal-fistula-a-new-complication-of-percutaneous-nephrolithotomy
#16
Eugene B Cone, Ghalib Jibara, Daniel Wollin, Glenn M Preminger
Background: Splenic urinoma has not been previously reported as a complication of percutaneous nephrolithotomy (PNL). Case Presentation: A 46-year-old Caucasian male underwent PNL for two large left renal stones. Surgery was performed in prone split-leg position, with access obtained through combined fluoroscopic guidance and direct ureteroscopic observation of the targeted calix. The tract was dilated to 30F using a pressure balloon, and complete clearance of stones was obtained through a combination of rigid and flexible nephroscopy, as well as antegrade ureteroscopy...
2017: Journal of Endourology Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29090379/response-rates-with-the-spatz3-adjustable-balloon
#17
Eduardo Usuy, Jeffrey Brooks
BACKGROUND: Intragastric balloons (IGBs) have demonstrated efficacy; however, the percent of "responders" (> 25% estimated weight loss (EWL) or > 10% total body weight loss (TBWL)-as suggested by FDA) have been less reported. The Spatz3 adjustable intragastric balloon (AIGB) extends implantation to 1 year, decreases balloon volume for intolerance, and increases volume for diminishing effect. AIM: The aim of this study is to determine the efficacy/responder rate of the Spatz3 AIGB...
October 31, 2017: Obesity Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29082845/low-fodmap-diet-a-potential-treatment-of-functional-abdominal-pain-in-children
#18
Katarzyna Mirosława Boradyn, Katarzyna Eufemia Przybyłowicz
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2017: Perspectives in Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29075132/urinary-protein-profiles-in-ketorolac-associated-acute-kidney-injury-in-patients-undergoing-orthopedic-day-surgery
#19
Filippo Mariano, Chiara Cogno, Fulvia Giaretta, Ilaria Deambrosis, Simona Pozza, Maurizio Berardino, Giuseppe Massazza, Luigi Biancone
BACKGROUND: Parenteral administration of ketorolac is very effective in controlling postoperative pain for orthopedic surgery. Ketorolac can induce clinically relevant renal alterations in elderly patients, whereas its short course is considered safe for young adults with normal preoperative renal function. In this study, of a cohort of young adults undergoing elective orthopedic day surgery, we sought cases complicated by readmission due to acute kidney injury (AKI). PATIENTS AND METHODS: Among 1397 young adults, aged 18-32 years who were admitted to undergo orthopedic day surgery from 2013 to 2015, four patients (0...
2017: International Journal of Nephrology and Renovascular Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29072609/rome-criteria-and-a-diagnostic-approach-to-irritable-bowel-syndrome
#20
REVIEW
Brian E Lacy, Nihal K Patel
Functional gastrointestinal disorders (FGIDs) account for at least 40% of all referrals to gastroenterologists. Of the 33 recognized adult FGIDs, irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) is the most prevalent, with a worldwide prevalence estimated at 12%. IBS is an important health care concern as it greatly affects patients' quality of life and imposes a significant economic burden to the health care system. Cardinal symptoms of IBS include abdominal pain and altered bowel habits. The absence of abdominal pain makes the diagnosis of IBS untenable...
October 26, 2017: Journal of Clinical Medicine
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