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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28587817/human-renal-tubular-cells-contain-cd24-cd133-progenitor-cell-populations-implications-for-tubular-regeneration-after-toxicant-induced-damage-using-cadmium-as-a-model
#1
Swojani Shrestha, Seema Somji, Donald A Sens, Andrea Slusser-Nore, Divyen H Patel, Evan Savage, Scott H Garrett
The proximal tubules of the kidney are target sites of injury by various toxicants. Cadmium (Cd(+2)), an environmental nephrotoxicant can cause adverse effects and overt renal damage. To decipher the mechanisms involved in nephrotoxicity, an in vitro model system is required. Mortal cultures of human proximal tubule (HPT) cells have served, as models but are difficult to acquire and do not lend themselves to stable transfection. The immortalized human proximal tubule cell line HK-2, has served as a model but it lacks vectorial active transport and shows signs of lost epithelial features...
June 3, 2017: Toxicology and Applied Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28420760/novel-lnc-rna-regulated-by-hif-1-inhibits-apoptotic-cell-death-in-the-renal-tubular-epithelial-cells-under-hypoxia
#2
Imari Mimura, Yosuke Hirakawa, Yasuharu Kanki, Natsuki Kushida, Ryo Nakaki, Yutaka Suzuki, Tetsuhiro Tanaka, Hiroyuki Aburatani, Masaomi Nangaku
Chronic tubulointerstitial hypoxia plays an important role as the final common pathway to end-stage renal disease. HIF-1 (hypoxia-inducible factor-1) is a master transcriptional factor under hypoxia, regulating downstream target genes. Genome-wide analysis of HIF-1 binding sites using high-throughput sequencers has clarified various kinds of downstream targets and made it possible to demonstrate the novel roles of HIF-1. Our aim of this study is to identify novel HIF-1 downstream epigenetic targets which may play important roles in the kidney...
April 2017: Physiological Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28417340/preconditioning-of-primary-human-renal-proximal-tubular-epithelial-cells-without-tryptophan-increases-survival-under-hypoxia-by-inducing-autophagy
#3
Theodoros Eleftheriadis, Georgios Pissas, Maria Sounidaki, Nikolaos Antoniadis, Georgia Antoniadi, Vassilios Liakopoulos, Ioannis Stefanidis
PURPOSE: Hypoxia plays a significant role in the pathogenesis of acute kidney injury (AKI). Autophagy protects from AKI. Amino acid deprivation induces autophagy. The effect of L-tryptophan depletion on survival and autophagy in cultures of renal proximal tubular epithelial cells (RPTECs) under hypoxia was evaluated. METHODS: RPTECs were preconditioned in a medium containing or not tryptophan, following culture under hypoxia and treatment with or without the autophagy inhibitor chloroquine...
July 2017: International Urology and Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28315683/klotho-ameliorates-cyclosporine-a-induced-nephropathy-via-pdlim2-nf-kb-p65-signaling-pathway
#4
Meihua Jin, Pengfei Lv, Guanyu Chen, Peng Wang, Zhongfu Zuo, Lili Ren, Jing Bi, Chul-Woo Yang, Xifan Mei, Donghe Han
Klotho, an antiaging protein, can extend the lifespan and modulate cellular responses to inflammation and oxidative stress which can ameliorate chronic kidney diseases (CKD). To investigate the molecular mechanism of Klotho on inflammation in cyclosporine A (CsA) induced nephropathy, the mice were transfected with adenovirus mediated Klotho gene and treated with cyclosporine A (CsA; 30 mg/kg/day) for 4 weeks. Also, primary human renal proximal tubule epithelial cells (RPTECs) were treated with soluble Klotho protein and LPS...
April 29, 2017: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28131852/interaction-of-pharmaceutical-excipients-with-organic-cation-transporters
#5
Sirima Soodvilai, Sunhapas Soodvilai, Varanuj Chatsudthipong, Tanasait Ngawhirunpat, Theerasak Rojanarata, Praneet Opanasopit
Increasing evidences have shown that many pharmaceutical excipients are not pharmacologically inert but instead have effects on several transport function of uptake and efflux drug transporters. Herein, we investigated whether the excipients frequently used in many drug formulations affect transport function of organic cation transporters (OCTs) that are responsible for elimination of cationic drugs. Our finding revealed that solubilizing agents, Tweens, showed the most significant effect rbOCT1/2-mediated [(3)H]-MPP(+) uptake in heterologous expressing cells...
January 25, 2017: International Journal of Pharmaceutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27936102/am251-suppresses-epithelial-mesenchymal-transition-of-renal-tubular-epithelial-cells
#6
Tomoyo Yoshinaga, Kenichiro Uwabe, Shoichi Naito, Kenichi Higashino, Toru Nakano, Yoshito Numata, Akio Kihara
Epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) of renal tubular epithelial cells is one of the causative mechanisms of kidney fibrosis. In our study, we screened lipophilic compounds using a lipid library including approximately 200 lipids to identify those that suppressed EMT induced by a transforming growth factor (TGF)-β1 stimulus. Initial screening was performed with the immortalized HK-2 renal tubule epithelial cell line. The most promising compounds were further tested in RPTEC primary renal tubule epithelial cells...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27924516/carbon-monoxide-inhibits-the-nuclear-cytoplasmic-translocation-of-hmgb1-in-an-in-vitro-oxidative-stress-injury-model-of-mouse-renal-tubular-epithelial-cells
#7
Yu Jia, Lu Wang, Guang-Yuan Zhao, Zhi-Qiang Wang, Song Chen, Gang Chen
Carbon monoxide (CO), as a vital small molecule in signaling pathways, is found to be involved in ischemia-reperfusion injury (IRI) in renal transplantation. CO-releasing molecule-2 (CORM-2), a CO-releasing molecule, is a type of metal carbonyl complexes which can quickly release CO in vivo. In this study, an in vitro oxidative stress injury model was established to examine the effect of CORM-2 pretreatment on the nuclear-cytoplasmic translocation of high mobility group box 1 protein (HMGB1) in mouse primary renal proximal tubular epithelial cells (RPTECs)...
December 2016: Journal of Huazhong University of Science and Technology. Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27755992/a-new-form-of-amphotericin-b-the-complex-with-copper-ii-ions-downregulates-stnfr1-shedding-and-changes-the-activity-of-genes-involved-in-tnf-induced-pathways-amb-cu-2-downregulates-stnfr1-shedding-and-changes-the-activity-of-genes-involved-in-tnf-induced-pathways
#8
Joanna Gola, Barbara Strzałka-Mrozik, Celina Kruszniewska-Rajs, Adrian Janiszewski, Bartłomiej Skowronek, Mariusz Gagoś, Grzegorz Czernel, Urszula Mazurek
BACKGROUND: A new form of amphotericin B (AmB)- complex with copper (II) ions (AmB-Cu(2+)) - is less toxic to human renal cells. Cytokines, including Tumor Necrosis Factor (TNF), are responsible for nephrotoxicity observed in patients treated with AmB. Another problem during therapy is the occurrence of oxidized forms of AmB (AmB-ox) in patients' circulation. To elucidate the molecular mechanism responsible for the reduction of the toxicity of AmB-Cu(2+), we evaluated the expression of genes encoding TNF and its receptors alongside encoding proteins involved in TNF-induced signalization...
February 2017: Pharmacological Reports: PR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27616666/gene-expression-study-of-phase-i-and-ii-metabolizing-enzymes-in-rptec-tert1-cell-line-application-in-in-vitro-nephrotoxicity-prediction
#9
Heta Shah, Manish Patel, Neeta Shrivastava
1. The phase I and II metabolizing enzymes of kidneys play an important role in the metabolism of xenobiotic as well as endogenous compounds and proximal tubules of kidney constitute high concentration of these metabolizing enzymes compared with the other parts. 2. It has been shown previously that differential enzyme expression among human and rodent/non-rodent species can be a roadblock in drug discovery and development process. Currently, proximal tubule cell lines of human origin such as RPTEC/TERT1 and HK-2 are used to understand the pathophysiology of kidney diseases, therapeutic efficacy of drugs, and nephrotoxicity of compounds...
October 3, 2016: Xenobiotica; the Fate of Foreign Compounds in Biological Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27602490/renal-tubular-epithelium-targeted-peroxisome-proliferator-activated-receptor-%C3%AE-maintains-the-epithelial-phenotype-and-antagonizes-renal-fibrogenesis
#10
Min Zhao, Ying Chen, Guixia Ding, Ying Xu, Mi Bai, Yue Zhang, Zhanjun Jia, Songming Huang, Aihua Zhang
Accumulating evidence suggests that loss of the renal tubular epithelial phenotype plays an important role in the pathogenesis of renal tubulointerstitial fibrosis. Systemic activation of peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor γ (PPAR-γ) has been shown to be protective against renal fibrosis, although the mechanisms are poorly understood. The present study aimed to define the role of renal tubular epithelium-targeted PPAR-γ in protection of the epithelial phenotype and the antagonism of renal fibrosis and to define the underlying mechanisms...
October 4, 2016: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27432882/convergent-signaling-pathways-regulate-parathyroid-hormone-and-fibroblast-growth-factor-23-action-on-npt2a-mediated-phosphate-transport
#11
W Bruce Sneddon, Giovanni W Ruiz, Luciana I Gallo, Kunhong Xiao, Qiangmin Zhang, Youssef Rbaibi, Ora A Weisz, Gerard L Apodaca, Peter A Friedman
Parathyroid hormone (PTH) and FGF23 are the primary hormones regulating acute phosphate homeostasis. Human renal proximal tubule cells (RPTECs) were used to characterize the mechanism and signaling pathways of PTH and FGF23 on phosphate transport and the role of the PDZ protein NHERF1 in mediating PTH and FGF23 effects. RPTECs express the NPT2A phosphate transporter, αKlotho, FGFR1, FGFR3, FGFR4, and the PTH receptor. FGFR1 isoforms are formed from alternate splicing of exon 3 and of exon 8 or 9 in Ir-like loop 3...
September 2, 2016: Journal of Biological Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27409796/mesenchymal-stromal-cells-epithelial-transition-induced-by-renal-tubular-cells-derived-extracellular-vesicles
#12
Giulia Chiabotto, Stefania Bruno, Federica Collino, Giovanni Camussi
Mesenchymal-epithelial interactions play an important role in renal tubular morphogenesis and in maintaining the structure of the kidney. The aim of this study was to investigate whether extracellular vesicles (EVs) produced by human renal proximal tubular epithelial cells (RPTECs) may induce mesenchymal-epithelial transition of bone marrow-derived mesenchymal stromal cells (MSCs). To test this hypothesis, we characterized the phenotype and the RNA content of EVs and we evaluated the in vitro uptake and activity of EVs on MSCs...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27186953/anti-diabetic-agent-sodium-tungstate-induces-the-secretion-of-pro-and-anti-inflammatory-cytokines-by-human-kidney-cells
#13
Romina Bertinat, Francisco Westermeier, Pamela Silva, Jie Shi, Francisco Nualart, Xuhang Li, Alejandro J Yáñez
Diabetic kidney disease (DKD) is the major cause of end stage renal disease. Sodium tungstate (NaW) exerts anti-diabetic and immunomodulatory activities in diabetic animal models. Here, we used primary cultures of renal proximal tubule epithelial cells derived from type-2-diabetic (D-RPTEC) and non-diabetic (N-RPTEC) subjects as in vitro models to study the effects of NaW on cytokine secretion, as these factors participate in intercellular regulation of inflammation, cell growth and death, differentiation, angiogenesis, development, and repair, all processes that are dysregulated during DKD...
February 2017: Journal of Cellular Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26981789/the-protective-role-of-g-protein-coupled-estrogen-receptor-1-gper-1-on-methotrexate-induced-nephrotoxicity-in-human-renal-epithelium-cells
#14
Akif Hakan Kurt, Fulsen Bozkus, Nuray Uremis, Muhammed Mehdi Uremis
Nephrotoxicity is an important problem during methotrexate (MTX) treatment, which has been widely used for the treatment of several cancer types. Females are less susceptible to kidney diseases; however, the reason for this condition has not to be fully clarified. But sex hormones such as estrogen may have a protective effect on the kidney. We aimed to evaluate the possible protective role of estrogen on the MTX-induced renal epithelial cell death. Primary renal proximal tubular epithelial cells (RPTEC) were incubated with MTX (1, 10 and 100 μM), either alone or in combination with the 17β-estradiol, G protein-coupled estrogen receptor 1 (GPER1) agonist G-1, estrogen receptor alpha agonist propyl pyrazole triol (PPT), estrogen receptor beta agonist diarylpropionitrile (DPN)...
June 2016: Renal Failure
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26925784/overexpression-of-btg2-suppresses-growth-migration-and-invasion-of-human-renal-carcinoma-cells-in-vitro
#15
Jin Sima, B Zhang, X Y Sima, Y X Mao
The objective of the study was to investigate the impact of BTG2 on growth, migration and invasion of human clear cell renal cell carcinoma (ccRCC) cells. Endogenous expression of BTG2 was evaluated in the ccRCC cell lines (Caki-1, 786-O and Caki-2) and noncancerous human renal proximal tubular cell lines (HKC, HK-2 and RPTEC). BTG2 expression was decreased in the ccRCC cells compared with the noncancerous cells (P < 0.01). Then Caki-1 and 786-O cells described as suitable transfection hosts were used in transfection to carry out biological function studies...
2016: Neoplasma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26908771/metallothioneins-and-renal-ageing
#16
Johannes Leierer, Michael Rudnicki, Susie-Jane Braniff, Paul Perco, Christian Koppelstaetter, Irmgard Mühlberger, Susanne Eder, Julia Kerschbaum, Christoph Schwarzer, Andrea Schroll, Günter Weiss, Stefan Schneeberger, Silvia Wagner, Alfred Königsrainer, Georg A Böhmig, Gert Mayer
BACKGROUND: Human lifespan is increasing continuously and about one-third of the population >70 years of age suffers from chronic kidney disease. The pathophysiology of the loss of renal function with ageing is unclear. METHODS: We determined age-associated gene expression changes in zero-hour biopsies of deceased donor kidneys without laboratory signs of impaired renal function, defined as a last serum creatinine >0.96 mg/dL in females and >1.18 mg/dL in males, using microarray technology and the Significance Analysis of Microarrays routine...
September 2016: Nephrology, Dialysis, Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26661279/sglt2-inhibitors-glucotoxicity-and-tumorigenesis-downstream-the-renal-proximal-tubule
#17
REVIEW
Romina Bertinat, Francisco Nualart, Alejandro J Yáñez
At present, diabetes mellitus is the main cause of end-stage renal disease. Effective glycaemic management is the most powerful tool to delay the establishment of diabetic complications, such as diabetic kidney disease. Together with reducing blood glucose levels, new anti-diabetic agents are expected not only to control the progression but also to restore known defects of the diabetic kidney. Sodium-glucose co-transporter 2 (SGLT2) inhibitors are promising anti-diabetic agents that reduce hyperglycaemia by impairing glucose reabsorption in proximal tubule of the kidney and increasing glucosuria...
August 2016: Journal of Cellular Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26362508/biokinetics-in-repeated-dosing-in-vitro-drug-toxicity-studies
#18
Nynke I Kramer, Emma Di Consiglio, Bas J Blaauboer, Emanuela Testai
The aim of the EU FP7 Predict-IV project was to improve the predictivity of in vitro assays for unwanted effects of drugs after repeated dosing. The project assessed the added benefit of integrating long-lived in vitro organotypic cell systems with 'omics' technologies and in silico modelling, including systems biology and pharmacokinetic assessments. RPTEC/TERT1 kidney cells, primary rat and human hepatocytes, HepaRG liver cells and 2D and 3D primary brain cultures were dosed daily or every other day for 14 days to a selection of drugs varying in their mechanism of pharmacological action...
December 25, 2015: Toxicology in Vitro: An International Journal Published in Association with BIBRA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26209740/new-developments-concerning-the-proximal-tubule-in-diabetic-nephropathy-in-vitro-models-and-mechanisms
#19
REVIEW
Jennifer Slyne, Craig Slattery, Tara McMorrow, Michael P Ryan
The incidence of Type 2 diabetes is increasing rapidly worldwide, and understanding the mechanisms of its complications including diabetic nephropathy (DN) is important in the discovery of early biomarkers, understanding the causative mechanisms of its complications and identifying therapeutic targets. DN is characterized by glomerulosclerosis, tubulointerstitial fibrosis and tubular atrophy. The tubular component of the disease is important in progression of disease. In vitro models are a valuable alternative to animal studies and an effective way to explore mechanisms of human disease...
August 2015: Nephrology, Dialysis, Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26152359/human-renal-normal-tumoral-and-cancer-stem-cells-express-membrane-bound-interleukin-15-isoforms-displaying-different-functions
#20
COMPARATIVE STUDY
Sandy Azzi, Cindy Gallerne, Cristina Romei, Vincent Le Coz, Rosaria Gangemi, Krystel Khawam, Aurore Devocelle, Yanhong Gu, Stefania Bruno, Silvano Ferrini, Salem Chouaib, Pierre Eid, Bruno Azzarone, Julien Giron-Michel
Intrarenal interleukin-15 (IL-15) participates to renal pathophysiology, but the role of its different membrane-bound isoforms remains to be elucidated. In this study, we reassess the biology of membrane-bound IL-15 (mb-IL-15) isoforms by comparing primary cultures of human renal proximal tubular epithelial cells (RPTEC) to peritumoral (ptumTEC), tumoral (RCC), and cancer stem cells (CSC/CD105(+)). RPTEC express a 14 to 16 kDa mb-IL-15, whose existence has been assumed but never formally demonstrated and likely represents the isoform anchored at the cell membrane through the IL-15 receptor α (IL-15Rα) chain, because it is sensitive to acidic treatment and is not competent to deliver a reverse signal...
June 2015: Neoplasia: An International Journal for Oncology Research
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