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"Physical education"

Aneta Bac, Gabriela Bogacz, Katarzyna Ogrodzka-Ciechanowicz, Aleksandra Kulis, Tomasz Szaporów, Renata Woźniacka, Natalia Radlińska
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to determine the type of medial longitudinal arch (MLA) in students of Krakow universities, investigate the relationship between physical activity and the shaping of the feet, and examine the relationship between hallux valgus angle and the type of footwear chosen most often. METHODS: The study group consisted of 120 students, of which 56 respondents were students of the University School of Physical Education in Krakow, whereas the remaining 64 respondents were students of the Pedagogical University of Krakow...
May 2018: Journal of the American Podiatric Medical Association
Y Song, Y T Lei, P J Hu, B Zhang, J Ma
OBJECTIVE: To analyze the situation of physical fitness among Chinese Han students in 2014, so as to develop the guideline of physical activity regarding to the targeted students and to provide bases for the improvements of students' physical fitness. METHODS: Subjects were from 2014 Chinese National Surveys on Students' Constitution and Health (CNSSCH). In this survey, 212 401 Han students aged 7-18 years participated and the measurement of physical fitness completed...
June 18, 2018: Beijing da Xue Xue Bao. Yi Xue Ban, Journal of Peking University. Health Sciences
Meerim Park, Hyeon Jin Park, Jae Min Lee, Hee Young Ju, Byung Kiu Park, Eun-Seung Yu, Hyung-Kook Yang, Ji Yoon Kim, Sang Kyu Park, Young Ho Lee, Ye Jee Shim, Heung Sik Kim, Jun Ah Lee, Yeon-Jung Lim, Hee Won Cheuh, Ji Kyoung Park, Mee Jeong Lee, Soon Ki Kim, Hyoung Soo Choi, Jeong Ok Hah, Kyung Duk Park, Hyoung Jin Kang, Hee Young Shin
OBJECTIVE: To investigate school performance of childhood cancer survivors focusing on the child's functioning, including peer relationships, school attendance, and academic achievement METHODS: We studied 241 children from 15 institutions in Korea between 2015 and 2016. The self-reported paper-and-pencil questionnaires were used. RESULTS: Approximately 22% of the survivors suffered from lack of friends. Bullying was reported by 30% of survivors. Survivors who returned to primary school reported a higher incidence of bullying compared to survivors who returned to middle or high school (P=0...
June 21, 2018: Psycho-oncology
Ricardo B Viana, Paulo Gentil, Vinício S Lorenço, Carlos A Vieira, Mário H Campos, Douglas A T Santos, Wellington F Silva, Marilia S Andrade, Rodrigo L Vancini, Claudio A B de Lira
Background: It is possible that physical education professionals, especially those who participate in aerobic activities, have predisposing factors, signs and symptoms of overreaching (OVR) and overtraining (OVT) due to a high load and volume of exercise followed by suboptimal recovery time. The present study aimed to identify the predisposing factors, signs and symptoms of OVR and OVT in physical education professionals. Methods: A questionnaire consisting of 42 questions (10 questions group) about predisposing factors and signs/symptoms was answered by 132 physical education professionals from both sexes (83 men and 49 women) who were allocated into a resistance training group (RG, n  = 74), aerobic training group (AG, n  = 20) and resistance and aerobic training group (RAG, n  = 38)...
2018: PeerJ
Ertuğrul Şahin, Resul Çekin, İlknur Yazıcılar Özçelik
Although a number of studies have attempted to determine the antecedents, correlates, and consequences of students' academic performance, there are few studies in the literature that examine the correlates of academic achievement for physical education and sports undergraduate students. The aim of this study was to investigate the relationship between the academic achievement of first-year physical education and sports students and their sociodemographics, attitudes towards the teaching profession, personality traits, and achievement goal orientations...
January 28, 2018: Sports
Sally G Hoskins, Alan J Gottesman
Many science educators agree that 21st century students need to develop mature scientific thinking skills. Unsurprisingly, students' and experts' perceptions about the nature of scientific knowledge differ. Moreover, students' naïve and entrenched epistemologies can preclude their development toward "thinking like scientists." Novel teaching approaches that guide students toward more mature perceptions may be needed to support their development of scientific thinking skills. To address such issues, physics educators developed the Colorado Learning Attitudes About Science Survey (CLASS), subsequently adapted for chemistry and biology...
2018: Journal of Microbiology & Biology Education: JMBE
Sarah E Roth, Monique Gill, Alec M Chan-Golston, Lindsay N Rice, Catherine M Crespi, Deborah Koniak-Griffin, Brian L Cole, Dawn M Upchurch, Michael L Prelip
The purpose of this study was to examine the determinants of benefits and barriers and their relationship with physical activity (PA) among predominantly Latino middle school students. Data were collected in a cross-sectional survey of 4,773 seventh-grade students recruited from a large, urban school district in Los Angeles. Hierarchical logistic regression models were used to assess determinants of benefits and barriers as well as their association with self-reported PA. Differences in benefits and barriers were observed by gender, ethnicity, and body size...
January 1, 2018: Journal of School Nursing: the Official Publication of the National Association of School Nurses
Jonas Vestergaard Nielsen, Thomas Skovgaard, Thomas Viskum Gjelstrup Bredahl, Anna Bugge, Niels Wedderkopp, Heidi Klakk
Documenting the implementation of effective real-world programmes is considered an important step to support the translation of evidence into practice. Thus, the aim of this study was to identify factors influencing the adoption, implementation and maintenance of the Svendborgproject (SP) - an effective real-world programme comprising schools to implement triple the amount of physical education (PE) in pre-school to sixth grade in six primary schools in the municipality of Svendborg, Denmark. SP has been maintained for ten years and scaled up to all municipal schools since it was initiated in 2008...
June 1, 2018: Evaluation and Program Planning
Kasee Hildenbrand, K Andrew R Richards, Paul M Wright
PURPOSE: Our primary aim was to determine physical educators' current level of understanding of concussion symptoms and response guidelines. METHOD: Participants included 404 in-service physical educators (137 male, 266 female, 1 other) recruited through 3 SHAPE America - Society of Health and Physical Educators communication outlets. Participants were asked to complete an online survey. The survey included 8 questions related to previous concussion training, 6 items to measure awareness of concussion policies, 20 items related to concussion symptoms, and 14 items for concussion knowledge...
June 11, 2018: Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport
Alberto M Ortega Hinojosa, Kara E MacLeod, John Balmes, Michael Jerrett
OBJECTIVE: To conduct a state-wide examination of public schools and the school neighborhood as potential targets for environmental public health tracking to address childhood obesity. METHODS: We examined the relationship of social and physical environmental attributes of the school environment (within school and neighborhood) and childhood obesity in California with machine learning (Random Forest) and multilevel methods. We used data compiled from the California Department of Education, the U...
June 5, 2018: Environmental Research
S Al Sari, M Kowash, I Hussein, M Al-Halabi
The aim of this study was to assess the knowledge of school nurses and physical education teachers (SN and PE teachers) about the emergency management of traumatic dental injuries (TDIs) in schools and to measure the impact of education on their knowledge. A longitudinal prospective study based on a questionnaire survey completed by 68 SN and PE teachers at three time periods (prior to, immediately after, and 3 months-post-educational intervention). Pre- and post t-test and repeated measures (analysis of variance) were used to compare the three group means for the same participants ( p < ...
January 1, 2018: Journal of School Nursing: the Official Publication of the National Association of School Nurses
Hannah R Thompson, Bhaani K Singh, Annie Reed, Robert García, Monica Lounsbery, Benjamin D Winig, Kristine A Madsen
BACKGROUND: School physical education (PE) is one of the most effective public health tools to increase youth physical activity, yet compliance with PE mandates is low. In an effort to ensure adherence to state PE law, a 2013 lawsuit was filed against 37 California school districts that were found to be noncompliant. This study sought to assess school personnel's perceptions of the lawsuit's impact on PE mandate compliance, understand barriers and facilitators to lawsuit compliance, and identify potential unintended consequences of the lawsuit...
June 6, 2018: Journal of Physical Activity & Health
David Kahan, Thomas L McKenzie
BACKGROUND: Although there are over 26,000 private schools in the United States, little is known about the relationship of their characteristics to mandated and recommended time allocations for physical education (PE). METHODS: Private secondary schools (N = 450; grades 6-12) in California completed a 15-item questionnaire related to school characteristics and PE policies and practices. Using correlational analysis and predictive modeling, we assessed the associations and influences of various factors relative to the schools meeting state (California) and national professional time targets for PE...
July 2018: Journal of School Health
Mohamed Romdhani, Omar Hammouda, Khawla Smari, Yassine Chaabouni, Kacem Mahdouani, Tarak Driss, Nizar Souissi
Romdhani, M, Hammouda, O, Smari, K, Chaabouni, Y, Mahdouani, K, Driss, T, and Souissi, N. Total sleep deprivation and recovery sleep affect the diurnal variation of agility performance: The gender differences. J Strength Cond Res XX(X): 000-000, 2018-This study aimed to investigate the effects of time-of-day, 24 and 36 hours of total sleep deprivation (TSD), and recovery sleep (RS) on repeated-agility performances. Twenty-two physical education students (11 male and 11 female students) completed 5 repeated modified agility T-test (RMAT) sessions (i...
May 30, 2018: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
Ricardo Cuevas, Nikos Ntoumanis, Juan G Fernandez-Bustos, Kimberley Bartholomew
This study tests an explanatory model based on self-determination theory, which posits that pressure experienced by teachers when they are evaluated based on their students' academic performance will differentially predict teacher adaptive and maladaptive motivation, well-being, and ill-being. A total of 360 Spanish physical education teachers completed a multi-scale inventory. We found support for a structural equation model that showed that perceived pressure predicted teacher autonomous motivation negatively, predicted amotivation positively, and was unrelated to controlled motivation...
June 2018: Journal of School Psychology
W G van Kernebeek, M L A de Kroon, G J P Savelsbergh, H M Toussaint
Adequate gross motor skills are an essential aspect of a child's healthy development. Where physical education (PE) is part of the primary school curriculum, a strong curriculum-based emphasis on evaluation and support of motor skill development in PE is apparent. Monitoring motor development is then a task for the PE teacher. In order to fulfil this task, teachers need adequate tools. The 4-Skills Scan is a quick and easily manageable gross motor skill instrument; however, its validity has never been assessed...
June 1, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Medicine & Science in Sports
Nathalia Costa Gonzaga Saraiva, Carla Campos Muniz Medeiros, Thelma Leite de Araujo
OBJECTIVE: to validate the content and appearance of a serial album for children aged from 7 to 10 years addressing the topic of prevention and control of body weight. METHOD: methodological study with descriptive nature. The validation process was attended by 33 specialists in educational technologies and/or in excess of infantile weight. The agreement index of 80% was the minimum considered to guarantee the validation of the material. RESULTS: most of the specialists had a doctoral degree and a graduate degree in nursing...
2018: Revista Latino-americana de Enfermagem
Bimala Sharma, Rosemary Cosme Chavez, Eun Woo Nam
OBJECTIVE To assess the prevalence and correlates of insufficient physical activity in adolescents in Peru. METHODS We used a self-administered questionnaire developed from Global school-based Student Health Survey to collect information from secondary school students in North Lima and Callao in 2015. We carried out Poisson regression with robust variance using generalized linear models to estimate the crude and adjusted prevalence ratios (APR) with 95% confidence intervals (95%CI) of insufficient physical activity for its correlates...
2018: Revista de Saúde Pública
Panagiotis Koulouvaris, Charilaos Tsolakis, Yiannis E Tsekouras, Olyvia Donti, Panagiotis J Papagellopoulos
INTRODUCTION: Obesity has become one of the major health risks in childhood, significantly affecting children's health and physical fitness. Although the marked increase of obesity in urban areas is well established, evidence is limited in remote and isolated areas with adverse socioeconomic features. The aim of this study was to examine the prevalence of obesity and its association with physical performance indices in young school-aged children living in 18 remote and isolated Greek islands...
May 2018: Rural and Remote Health
Oleksandra S Kondratiuk, Maria M Korshun, Sergii I Garkavyi, Sergii S Garkavyi, Liudmyla A Stasiuk, Olena V Dema, Olga O Sokolovska
OBJECTIVE: Introduction: Different forms of physical education lessons organization, including swimming classes were introduced in education process without studying of its healthsaving effectiveness. The aim of this study was hygienic assessment of different forms of physical education lessons organization in primary school. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Materials and methods: Cross-sectional study was conducted in two schools with different organization of physical education lessons...
2018: Wiadomości Lekarskie: Organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego
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