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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29053942/do-elite-breath-hold-divers-suffer-from-mild-short-term-memory-impairments
#1
François Billaut, Patrice Gueit, Sylvane Faure, Guillaume Costalat, Frédéric Lemaitre
Repeated apneas are associated with severe hypoxemia that may ultimately lead to loss of consciousness in some breath-hold divers. Despite increasing number of practitioners, the relationship between apnea-induced hypoxia and neurocognitive functions is still poorly understood in the sport of free diving. To shed light onto this phenomenon, we examined the impact of long-term breath-hold diving training on attentional processing, short-term memory, and long-term mnesic and executive functions. Thirty-six men matched for age, height and weight were separated into three groups [12 elite breath-hold divers (EBHD, mean static apnea best time 371 sec, 105 months mean apnea experience); 12 novice breath-hold divers (NBHD, mean best time 243 sec, 8...
October 20, 2017: Applied Physiology, Nutrition, and Metabolism, Physiologie Appliquée, Nutrition et Métabolisme
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29051015/an-rct-to-facilitate-implementation-of-school-practices-known-to-increase-physical-activity
#2
Rachel L Sutherland, Nicole K Nathan, David R Lubans, Kristen Cohen, Lynda J Davies, Clare Desmet, Joshua Cohen, Nicole J McCarthy, Peter Butler, John Wiggers, Luke Wolfenden
INTRODUCTION: Although comprehensive school-based physical activity interventions are efficacious when tested under research conditions, they often require adaptation in order for implementation at scale. This paper reports the effectiveness of an adapted efficacious school-based intervention in improving children's moderate to vigorous physical activity. The impact of strategies to support program implementation was also assessed. DESIGN: A cluster RCT of low socioeconomic elementary schools in New South Wales, Australia...
October 16, 2017: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29048253/the-intersections-of-science-and-practice-examples-from-fitnessgram%C3%A2-programming
#3
Gregory J Welk
The FitnessGram® program has provided teachers with practical tools to enhance physical education programming. A key to the success of the program has been the systematic application of science to practice. Strong research methods have been used to develop assessments and standards for use in physical education, but consideration has also been given to ensure that programming meets the needs of teachers, students, parents, and other stakeholders. This essay summarizes some of these complex and nuanced intersections between science and practice with the FitnessGram® program...
October 19, 2017: Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29034147/elementary-physical-education-a-focus-on-fitness-activities-and-smaller-class-sizes-are-associated-with-higher-levels-of-physical-activity
#4
Mandy Kirkham-King, Timothy A Brusseau, James C Hannon, Darla M Castelli, Kristy Hilton, Ryan D Burns
Optimizing physical activity during physical education is necessary for children to achieve daily physical activity recommendations. The purpose of this study was to examine the relationship among various contextual factors with accelerometer measured physical activity during elementary physical education. Data were collected during 2015-2016 from 281 students (1st-5th grade, 137 males, 144 females) from a private school located in a metropolitan area of Utah in the U.S. Students wore accelerometers for 12 consecutive weeks at an accelerometer wear frequency of 3 days per week during physical education...
December 2017: Preventive Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29030753/successful-implementation-of-virtual-environment-for-radiotherapy-training-vert-in-medical-physics-education-the-university-of-sydney-s-initial-experience-and-recommendations
#5
Yobelli A Jimenez, Christian Rønn Hansen, Prabhjot Juneja, David I Thwaites
This report outlines the University of Sydney's initial experience with the Virtual Environment for Radiotherapy Training (VERT) system in the Master of Medical Physics program. VERT is a commercially available system, simulating linear accelerators, patient computed tomography (CT) sets, plans and treatment delivery. It was purpose built for radiation therapy (RT) education and offers learners the opportunity to gain knowledge and skills within an interactive, risk-free environment. The integration of VERT into the RT physics module of the Master of Medical Physics program was intended to enhance student knowledge and skills relevant to the curriculum's learning objectives, and to alleviate some of the burden associated with student access to clinical equipment...
October 13, 2017: Australasian Physical & Engineering Sciences in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29017834/validation-of-an-observation-tool-to-assess-physical-activity-promoting-physical-education-lessons-in-high-schools-sofit
#6
Stuart J Fairclough, R Glenn Weaver, Siobhan Johnson, Jack Rawlinson
OBJECTIVES: SOFIT+ is an observation tool to measure teacher practices related to moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (MVPA) promotion during physical education (PE). The objective of the study was to examine the validity of SOFIT+ during high school PE lessons. DESIGN: This cross-sectional, observational study tested the construct validity of SOFIT+ in boys' and girls' high school PE lessons. METHODS: Twenty-one PE lessons were video-recorded and retrospectively coded using SOFIT+...
October 2, 2017: Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28993404/an-internet-supported-school-physical-activity-intervention-in-low-socioeconomic-status-communities-results-from-the-activity-and-motivation-in-physical-education-amped-cluster-randomised-controlled-trial
#7
Chris Lonsdale, Aidan Lester, Katherine B Owen, Rhiannon L White, Louisa Peralta, Morwenna Kirwan, Thierno M O Diallo, Anthony J Maeder, Andrew Bennie, Freya MacMillan, Gregory S Kolt, Nikos Ntoumanis, Jennifer M Gore, Ester Cerin, Dylan P Cliff, David R Lubans
OBJECTIVE: Quality physical education (PE) is the cornerstone of comprehensive school physical activity (PA) promotion programmes. We tested the efficacy of a teacher professional learning intervention, delivered partially via the internet, designed to maximise opportunities for students to be active during PE lessons and enhance adolescents' motivation towards PE and PA. METHODS: A two-arm cluster randomised controlled trial with teachers and Grade 8 students from secondary schools in low socioeconomic areas of Western Sydney, Australia...
October 9, 2017: British Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28977319/physical-activity-and-body-fat-in-adolescents-living-with-hiv-a-comparative-study
#8
Priscila Custódio Martins, Luiz Rodrigo Augustemak de Lima, Davi Monteiro Teixeira, Aroldo Prohmann de Carvalho, Edio Luiz Petroski
OBJECTIVE: To compare regular physical activity among adolescents living with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) with their healthy peers, and to evaluate the relationship with anthropometric indicators of body fat. METHODS: This was a cross-sectional study which investigated two groups: 57 adolescents (10-15 years of age) living with HIV, and 54 apparently healthy adolescents matched for sex and age. Physical activity was evaluated using a questionnaire and anthropometric measurements were performed...
January 2017: Revista Paulista de Pediatria: Orgão Oficial da Sociedade de Pediatria de São Paulo
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28977135/systematic-literature-review-on-models-and-practices-of-early-childhood-intervention-in-brazil
#9
Bruna Pereira Ricci Marini, Mariane Cristina Lourenço, Patrícia Carla de Souza Della Barba
OBJECTIVE: To identify which Early Childhood Intervention practices and models are described in the Brazilian literature. DATA SOURCES: A systematic integrative review of the literature indexed in databases from Virtual Health Library, Bielefeld Academic Search Engine, Education Resources Information Center and Portal of Periodicals of the Coordination of Improvement of Higher Education Personnel was carried out, considering the period between 2005 and 2015. The following articles were analyzed: those published in English or Portuguese, fully available online, with the terms "Early Intervention", "Early Stimulation" or "Essential Stimulation" in the title, abstract or keywords; studies that enrolled children aged from 0 to 6 years, their caregivers or professionals in Early Intervention services; manuscripts published in journals classified as ≥ B2 (WebQualis; Qualis 2014) in the fields of Education or Physical Education; and studies that described Early Intervention practices...
September 21, 2017: Revista Paulista de Pediatria: Orgão Oficial da Sociedade de Pediatria de São Paulo
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28977134/exergames-as-a-tool-for-the-acquisition-and-development-of-motor-skills-and-abilities-a-systematic-review
#10
Pâmella de Medeiros, Renata Capistrano, Marcela Almeida Zequinão, Siomara Aparecida da Silva, Thais Silva Beltrame, Fernando Luiz Cardoso
OBJECTIVE: To analyze the literature on the effectiveness of exergames in physical education classes and in the acquisition and development of motor skills and abilities. DATA SOURCE: The analyses were carried out by two independent evaluators, limited to English and Portuguese, in four databases: Web of Science, Science Direct, Scopus and PubMed, without restrictions related with year. The keywords used were: "Exergames and motor learning and motor skill" and "Exergames and motor skill and physical education"...
September 21, 2017: Revista Paulista de Pediatria: Orgão Oficial da Sociedade de Pediatria de São Paulo
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28967842/physical-education-students-ownership-empowerment-and-satisfaction-with-pe-and-physical-activity
#11
E Whitney G Moore, Mary D Fry
Individuals experiencing a highly caring, task-involving, and low ego-involving exercise climate have reported greater ownership in exercise class and empowerment to exercise in general. PURPOSE: This study examined the relationship between ownership and empowerment in exercise, with 2 context-specific outcomes, satisfaction with physical education (PE) and physical activity, respectively. Given the mission of PE to foster individuals' lifelong physical activity habit, the perceptions of high school students were collected for this study...
October 2, 2017: Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28950837/a-school-based-physical-activity-promotion-intervention-in-children-rationale-and-study-protocol-for-the-previene-project
#12
Pablo Tercedor, Emilio Villa-González, Manuel Ávila-García, Carolina Díaz-Piedra, Alejandro Martínez-Baena, Alberto Soriano-Maldonado, Isaac José Pérez-López, Inmaculada García-Rodríguez, Sandra Mandic, Juan Palomares-Cuadros, Víctor Segura-Jiménez, Francisco Javier Huertas-Delgado
BACKGROUND: The lack of physical activity and increasing time spent in sedentary behaviours during childhood place importance on developing low cost, easy-toimplement school-based interventions to increase physical activity among children. The PREVIENE Project will evaluate the effectiveness of five innovative, simple, and feasible interventions (active commuting to/from school, active Physical Education lessons, active school recess, sleep health promotion, and an integrated program incorporating all 4 interventions) to improve physical activity, fitness, anthropometry, sleep health, academic achievement, and health-related quality of life in primary school children...
September 26, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28929937/extracurricular-physical-activity-programs-in-california-private-secondary-schools
#13
David Kahan, Thomas L McKenzie
PURPOSE: Interscholastic, intramural, and club physical activity (PA) programs can be important contributors to student PA accrual at schools. Few studies have assessed factors related to the provision of these extracurricular PA programs, especially in private schools. METHODS: We used a 16-item questionnaire to assess the associations and influences of selected factors relative to extracurricular PA program policies and practices in 450 private California secondary schools...
September 20, 2017: Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28928700/implementing-the-target-model-in-physical-education-effects-on-perceived-psychobiosocial-and-motivational-states-in-girls
#14
Laura Bortoli, Maurizio Bertollo, Edson Filho, Selenia di Fronso, Claudio Robazza
Grounded in achievement goal and self-determination theories, the purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of mastery and performance climate interventions on students' psychobiosocial (PBS) states and self-determined motivation. A first study was conducted to determine the validity of the measures. In a second study, two groups of female students (N = 65, 14-15 years of age) took part in the investigation. A mastery-performance group participated in eight task-involving lessons and then in another set of eight ego-involving lessons...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28927304/initial-outcomes-of-a-participatory-based-competency-building-approach-to-increasing-physical-education-teachers-physical-activity-promotion-and-students-physical-activity-a-pilot-study
#15
R Glenn Weaver, Collin A Webster, Michael W Beets, Keith Brazendale, Jessica Chandler, Lauren Schisler, Mazen Aziz
This study examined the initial effects of a participatory-based, competency-/skill-building professional development workshop for physical education (PE) teachers on the use of physical activity (PA) promotion practices (e.g., eliminating lines, small-sided games) and students' moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (MVPA). A total of 823 students (52.8% boys) wore accelerometers at baseline (fall 2015) and outcome (spring 2016) on PE and non-PE days. The System for Observing Fitness Instruction Time+ measured changes in PA promotion practices...
September 1, 2017: Health Education & Behavior: the Official Publication of the Society for Public Health Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28915797/effectiveness-of-a-16-month-multi-component-and-environmental-school-based-intervention-for-recovery-of-poor-income-overweight-obese-children-and-adolescents-study-protocol-of-the-health-multipliers-program
#16
Pollyanna Fernandes Patriota, Andrea Rocha Filgueiras, Viviane Belucci Pires de Almeida, Guilherme Aparecido Costa Alexmovitz, Carlos Eduardo da Silva, Vivian Fortuna Feres de Carvalho, Natália Carvalho, Maria Paula de Albuquerque, Semiramis Martins Alvares Domene, Wagner Luiz do Prado, Gustavo Enrique Salazar Torres, Ana Paula Reis de Oliveira, Ricardo Sesso, Ana Lydia Sawaya
BACKGROUND: Excess of weight is a serious public health concern in almost all countries, afflicting people of different ages and socioeconomic backgrounds. Studies have indicated the need for developing treatment strategies that intervene directly in the obesogenic environment. This study aims to evaluate the effectiveness of a multi-component and environmental school-based intervention, lasting 16 months, on the recovery of the nutritional status of low-income children and adolescents with overweight/ obesity...
September 15, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28914147/attitudes-toward-euthanasia-among-turkish-university-students
#17
Gulsen Ulas Karaahmetoglu, Nesibe Sumeyye Kutahyalioglu
This study aims to examine perceptions and attitudes toward euthanasia among university students who are pursuing bachelor's degrees. Although the legalization and application of euthanasia are discussed commonly by health-care professionals and partially by lawyers, the ideas of other segments of society, especially university students, are taken place very rarely. The research was conducted descriptively to determine the ideas of 1,170 students at Kastamonu University from six different departments: arts and sciences, theology, tourism, nursing, school of physical education, and sports with using a questionnaire...
January 1, 2017: Omega
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28912652/objectively-measured-physical-activity-levels-among-ethnic-minority-children-attending-school-based-afterschool-programs-in-a-high-poverty-neighborhood
#18
Youngdeok Kim, Marc Lochbaum
Ethnic minority children living in high poverty neighborhoods are at high risk of having insufficient physical activity (PA) during school days and, thus, the importance of school as a place to facilitate PA in these underserved children has been largely emphasized. This study examined the levels and patterns of PA in minority children, with particular focus on the relative contributions of regular physical education (PE) and school-based afterschool PA program in promoting moderate- and vigorous-intensity PA (MVPA) during school days...
September 2017: Journal of Sports Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28912648/a-motivational-model-of-physical-education-and-links-to-enjoyment-knowledge-performance-total-physical-activity-and-body-mass-index
#19
Arto Gråstén, Anthony Watt
The present paper examined the full sequence of the Hierarchical Model of Motivation in physical education (PE) including motivational climate, basic psychological needs, intrinsic motivation, and related links to contextual enjoyment, knowledge, performance, and total moderate to vigorous physical activity (MVPA). Gender differences and correlations with body mass index (BMI) were also analyzed. Cross-sectional data was represented by self-reports and objective assessments of 770 middle school students (52% of girls) in North-East Finland...
September 2017: Journal of Sports Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28912646/student-misbehavior-in-physical-education-the-role-of-2-%C3%A3-2-achievement-goals-and-moral-disengagement
#20
Wei-Ting Hsu, Hsiu-Hua Li, Yi-Hsiang Pan
This study aimed to determine whether goal orientations were related to students' self-reported misbehaviors in physical education and to examine whether the effects were mediated by moral disengagement. A two-study project employing structural equation modeling was conducted with high school students (Study 1, n = 287; Study 2, n = 296). In Study 1, the results showed that mastery-avoidance goals were unable to predict five misbehaviors (i.e., aggressive behavior, low engagement, failure to follow directions, poor self-management, and distracting behavior)...
September 2017: Journal of Sports Science & Medicine
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