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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28531114/bodily-expression-support-for-creative-dance-education-by-grasping-type-musical-interface-with-embedded-motion-and-grasp-sensors
#1
Tomoyuki Yamaguchi, Hideki Kadone
Dance has been made mandatory as one of the physical education courses in Japan because it can cultivate capacities for expression and communication. Among several types of dance education, creative dance especially contributes to the cultivation of these capacities. However, creative dance requires some level of particular skills, as well as creativity, and it is difficult to presuppose these pre-requisites in beginner-level dancers without experience. We propose a novel supporting device for dance beginners to encourage creative dance performance by continuously generating musical sounds in real-time in accordance with their bodily movements...
May 20, 2017: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28530510/self-reported-physical-activity-and-exercise-patterns-in-children-with-sickle-cell-disease
#2
Osarhiemen A Omwanghe, Devin S Muntz, Soyang Kwon, Simone Montgomery, Opeyemi Kemiki, Lewis L Hsu, Alexis A Thompson, Robert I Liem
PURPOSE: Sickle cell disease (SCD) significantly affects physical functioning. We examined physical activity (PA) patterns in children with SCD versus a national sample and factors associated with PA and participation in physical education and organized sports. METHOD: One hundred children with SCD completed a 58-item survey with questions from the 2009-2010 National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) Physical Activity Questionnaire and others on physical education and sports, disease impact, and physical functioning...
May 22, 2017: Pediatric Exercise Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511437/children-s-physical-activity-awareness-among-mothers-in-a-saudi-arabian-health-center
#3
Maysah Amer, Ghada Al Arfaj, Abdulaziz A Alodhayani
INTRODUCTION: Physical inactivity is a major contributor to the increasing levels of obesity and other serious medical conditions among children and adolescents worldwide. A major factor in this increase is lack of awareness of mothers' regarding the Physical Activity (PA) of their children. AIM: The current study aimed to identify the degree of knowledge and awareness of Saudi mothers' regarding their children's physical activities, which will be useful for improving physical education, health programs, and eventually children's health care...
March 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28503540/comparisons-of-incidence-of-spinal-and-lower-extremity-deformities-according-to-the-physical-characteristics-between-sports-major-and-nonmajor-college-students
#4
Jangwon Lee
This research was performed to identify the incidence of spinal and lower extremity deformity and to identify the relationship of the incidence between the physical characteristics. One hundred forty-seven Physical Education major students and 54 nonmajor students participated in this study. Data collecting was performed by questionnaire and visual postural evaluation. The incidences of genu varus (P<0.00001), genu recurvatum (P=0.0007), forward head (P<0.00001), lordosis (P<0.00001), and scoliosis (P=0...
April 2017: Journal of Exercise Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28503529/regular-physical-education-class-enhances-sociality-and-physical-fitness-while-reducing-psychological-problems-in-children-of-multicultural-families
#5
Jae-Wan Park, Seong-Hwan Park, Chang-Mo Koo, Denny Eun, Kang-Ho Kim, Chan-Bok Lee, Joung-Hyun Ham, Jeong-Hoon Jang, Yong-Seok Jee
This study investigated the influence of physical education class (PEC) as an intervention method for aggression, sociality, stress, and physical fitness levels in children from multicultural families. The hypothesis was that participating in PEC would result in reduced aggression and stress and improved sociality and physical fitness in multicultural children. A three-item questionnaire, a body composition test, and physical fitness tests were given three times. Eighty-four subjects were divided into four groups: multicultural children who participated in PEC (multi-PEG, n=12), multicultural children who did not participate in PEC (multi-NPEG, n=13), single-cultural children who participated in PEC (sing-PEG, n=11), and single-cultural children who did not participate in PEC (sing-NPEG, n=12), respectively...
April 2017: Journal of Exercise Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28486086/the-effect-of-two-different-interval-training-programmes-on-physiological-and-performance-indices
#6
Mahmood Sindiani, Alon Eliakim, Daria Segev, Yoav Meckel
The aim of the present study was to compare the effect of an increasing-distance, interval-training programme and a decreasing-distance, interval-training programme, matched for total distance, on aerobic and anaerobic physiological indices. Forty physical education students were randomly assigned to either the increasing- or decreasing-distance, interval-training group (ITG and DTG), and completed two similar relevant sets of tests before and after six weeks of training. One training programme consisted of increasing-distance interval-training (100-200-300-400-500 m) and the other decreasing-distance interval training (500-400-300-200-100 m)...
May 9, 2017: European Journal of Sport Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28482678/partnerships-for-active-children-in-elementary-schools-outcomes-of-a-2-year-pilot-study-to-increase-physical-activity-during-the-school-day
#7
R Glenn Weaver, Collin A Webster, Cate Egan, Carolina M C Campos, Robert D Michael, Spyridoula Vazou
PURPOSE: To evaluate the impact of the pilot study Partnerships for Active Children in Elementary Schools on the percentage of children achieving the Institute of Medicine guideline of 30 minutes of moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (MVPA) during the school day. DESIGN: Pre/multiple post-quasi-experimental. SETTING: Four elementary schools. PARTICIPANTS: Physical education (n = 3) and classroom teachers (n = 12) and students (n = 229)...
January 1, 2017: American Journal of Health Promotion: AJHP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28474866/the-effects-of-gymnastics-training-on-selected-parameters-of-anaerobic-capacity-in-12-year-old-boys
#8
Piotr Sawicki, Marcin Dornowski, Tomasz Grzywacz, Jan J Kaczor
BACKGROUND: One of the aims of the study was to describe the physiological factors of young boys participating in artistic gymnastic training and evaluate differences between the levels of aerobic and anaerobic efficiency in this group as compared to the control group. METHODS: The young male gymnasts selected to participate in the present study have been (G) participating in the training process since they were six years old (n=12, age 11-12 y). In the control group (n=12, age 11-12 y), boys were participating in physical education classes (C)...
April 26, 2017: Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28471700/relationship-between-the-practice-of-physical-activity-and-quality-of-movement-in-adolescents-a-screening-tool-using-self-organizing-maps
#9
María Herrero-Herrero, Xavier García-Massó, Carlos Martínez-Corralo, Josep Prades-Piñón, Vicente Sanchis-Alfonso
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to determine whether the most physically active adolescents have better lower limb control. METHODS: 31 high school students (12 males and 19 females) participated in this study. The Anterior Knee Pain Scale was used to find any cases of knee pain. Only subjects with high scores were selected, to exclude those with knee pain or lower limb injuries. Single Leg Squat and Tuck Jump Assessment were used to evaluate movements with two cameras in a two-dimensional assessment...
May 12, 2017: Physician and Sportsmedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28469758/frequent-immediate-knowledge-of-results-enhances-the-increase-of-throwing-velocity-in-overarm-handball-performance
#10
Igor Štirn, Jamie Carruthers, Marko Šibila, Primož Pori
In the present study, the effect of frequent, immediate, augmented feedback on the increase of throwing velocity was investigated. An increase of throwing velocity of a handball set shot when knowledge of results was provided or not provided during training was compared. Fifty female and seventy-three male physical education students were assigned randomly to the experimental or control group. All participants performed two series of ten set shots with maximal effort twice a week for six weeks. The experimental group received information regarding throwing velocity measured by a radar gun immediately after every shot, whereas the control group did not receive any feedback...
February 2017: Journal of Human Kinetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28469748/plasma-actin-gelsolin-and-orosomucoid-levels-after-eccentric-exercise
#11
Éva Tékus, Márk Váczi, Zoltán Horváth-Szalai, Andrea Ludány, Tamás Kőszegi, Márta Wilhelm
The present study investigated the acute effect of eccentric exercise on blood plasma actin, gelsolin (GSN) and orosomucoid (AGP) levels in untrained and moderately trained individuals, and their correlation with exercise induced muscle damage (EIMD) markers (CK, intensity of muscle soreness and maximal voluntary contraction torque deficit). Healthy physical education students (6 untrained, 12 moderately trained) participated in this research. Actin, GSN, AGP and CK levels were measured in blood plasma at baseline, immediately, 1 h, 6 h and 24 h post-exercise comprising 90 eccentric quadriceps contractions performed on a dynamometer...
February 2017: Journal of Human Kinetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28451759/the-relationship-between-selected-socioeconomic-factors-and-thinness-among-polish-school-aged-children-and-adolescents
#12
Beata Gurzkowska, Zbigniew Kułaga, Aneta Grajda, Magdalena Góźdź, Małgorzata Wojtyło, Mieczysław Litwin
The analysis was performed on a database including 17,427 records of subjects aged 7-18 years, randomly sampled from a population of Polish students. Thinness was determined using international cut-off points, defined to pass through body mass index of 18.5 kg/m(2) at the age of 18. The weighted prevalence of thinness and odds ratios with 95% confidence interval were estimated for gender, birth weight, level of schooling and school location, gross domestic product (GDP) per inhabitant, family income and maternal education...
April 28, 2017: European Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28449386/influence-of-a-two-to-six-year-physical-education-intervention-on-scholastic-performance-the-champs-study-dk
#13
Anna Bugge, Sören Möller, Jakob Tarp, Charles H Hillman, Rodrigo Antunes Lima, Anne Kaer Gejl, Heidi Klakk, Niels Wedderkopp
AIM: To investigate the influence of a school-based intervention with a tripling of physical education (PE) lessons from two (90 min) to six lessons per week (270 min) on scholastic performance. METHODS: This study is part of the CHAMPS study-DK, a quasi-experimental study that began in 2008. The intervention group consisted of six schools and the control group consisted of four matched schools (mean age at baseline = 8.4 years, kindergarten class-4(th) grade). Academic performance was extracted from the national test system from 2010- 2014 (Math and Danish were measured at 3(rd) and 6(th) , and 2(nd) , 4(th) and 6(th) grades, respectively)...
April 27, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Medicine & Science in Sports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28448531/application-of-the-transtheoretical-model-to-sedentary-behaviors-and-its-association-with-physical-activity-status
#14
Ho Han, Kelley Pettee Gabriel, Harold Willis Kohl
BACKGROUND: The Transtheoretical Model (TTM) is a successful framework for guiding behavior change programs for several health behaviors, yet its application to reduce of sedentary behavior has been neglected. In addition, no data exist regarding the association between determinants of sedentary behaviors based on the TTM and physical activity behavior. The purpose of this study was to investigate college students' stages of motivational readiness to avoid sedentary behaviors and relevant psychological determinants using newly developed TTM questionnaires and to identify the association between current physical activity and sedentary behaviors based on TTM constructs...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28442078/knee-pain-in-adolescents-prevalence-risk-factors-and-functional-impairment
#15
Mirelle O Saes, Maria C F Soares
OBJECTIVE: To investigate knee pain prevalence, associated factors, and functional impairment among adolescents. METHOD: This was a cross-sectional study conducted between May and June 2014 with a random sample of 619 adolescents aged between 10 and 17 years. Knee pain prevalence was investigated using the Nordic Questionnaire for Osteomuscular Symptoms and a number of independent variables (demographic data, nutritional status, form of carrying backpacks, and pain during and after walking) obtained by self-report questionnaires...
January 2017: Brazilian Journal of Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28438171/a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-moderate-to-vigorous-physical-activity-levels-in-secondary-school-physical-education-lessons
#16
REVIEW
Jenna L Hollis, Rachel Sutherland, Amanda J Williams, Elizabeth Campbell, Nicole Nathan, Luke Wolfenden, Philip J Morgan, David R Lubans, Karen Gillham, John Wiggers
BACKGROUND: Schools play an important role in physical activity promotion for adolescents. The systematic review aimed to determine the proportion of secondary (middle and high) school physical education (PE) lesson time that students spend in moderate to vigorous physical activity (MVPA), and to assess if MVPA was moderated by school level (middle and high school), type of physical activity measurement and type of PE activities. METHODS: A systematic search of nine electronic databases was conducted (PROSPERO2014:CRD42014009649)...
April 24, 2017: International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28434185/can-targeted-policies-reduce-obesity-and-improve-obesity-related-behaviours-in-socioeconomically-disadvantaged-populations-a-systematic-review
#17
REVIEW
D L Olstad, R Ancilotto, M Teychenne, L M Minaker, D R Taber, K D Raine, C I J Nykiforuk, K Ball
This review synthesized evidence from controlled studies pertaining to the impact of targeted policies on anthropometric, dietary and physical activity outcomes amongst socioeconomically disadvantaged children and adults. Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses-Equity guidelines were followed. Eligible studies were published from 2004 to August 2015 and examined the impact of targeted policies on anthropometric, dietary and physical activity outcomes amongst socioeconomically disadvantaged populations...
April 23, 2017: Obesity Reviews: An Official Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28428113/impact-of-enjoyment-on-physical-activity-and-health-among-children-with-disabilities-in-schools
#18
Jooyeon Jin, Joonkoo Yun, Stamatis Agiovlasitis
BACKGROUND: Enjoyment in school-based physical activity (PA) programs, such as recess or physical education may be important for promoting children's health, but there is a lack of evidence explaining how enjoyment affects health in children with disabilities. HYPOTHESES: Enjoyment in school-based PA programs will positively influence general health through participating in more daily PA, and this relationship will vary between younger and older children with disabilities...
April 12, 2017: Disability and Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28410688/education-and-training-of-medical-physics-in-iran-the-past-the-present-and-the-future
#19
Seyed Rabi Mahdavi, Behrouz Rasuli, Azam Niroomand-Rad
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to investigate the current status of education and training programs in medical physics in Iran. METHODS: A questionnaire was designed and sent to 274 IAMP (Iranian Association of Medical Physicists) members focusing on these two topics: the educational situation (course syllabus, number of faculty members, number of PhD and MSc students and sub-fields offered in the department) and the professional situation (work experience, workplaces of medical physicists, postgraduate degrees that were granted and the amount of therapy and imaging equipment)...
April 2017: Physica Medica: PM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28410365/effects-of-physical-education-extracurricular-sports-activities-and-leisure-satisfaction-on-adolescent-aggressive-behavior-a-latent-growth-modeling-approach
#20
Sanghyun Park, Weisheng Chiu, Doyeon Won
The present study aimed to investigate the longitudinal influence of physical education classes, extracurricular sports activities, and leisure satisfaction on aggressive behavior among South Korean adolescents. Data were drawn from the Korea Youth Panel Survey. We used latent growth curve modeling to explain the growth trajectory of adolescent aggressive behaviors and a multi-group analysis to investigate gender differences in aggressive behavior. The results indicated that adolescents' aggressive behavior significantly changed with age...
2017: PloS One
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