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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28723249/experiences-of-individuals-with-visual-impairments-in-integrated-physical-education-a-retrospective-study
#1
Justin A Haegele, Xihe Zhu
PURPOSE: The purpose of this retrospective study was to examine the experiences of adults with visual impairments during school-based integrated physical education (PE). METHOD: An interpretative phenomenological analysis (IPA) research approach was used and 16 adults (ages 21-48 years; 10 women, 6 men) with visual impairments acted as participants for this study. The primary sources of data were semistructured audiotaped telephone interviews and reflective field notes, which were recorded during and immediately following each interview...
July 19, 2017: Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28719364/is-there-a-link-between-self-perceived-stress-and-physical-activity-levels-in-scottish-adolescents
#2
Joe Cowley, John Kiely, Dave Collins
Purpose Accumulating life stress is a driving factor underlying the most pervasive, incapacitating health conditions in 21st century, First World societies. The most widely supported strategy, for remediating the negative health consequences of elevated life stress, is physical activity (PA). Evidence also suggests accumulating life stress impedes PA uptake. Thus, ironically, persistently elevated life stress not only negatively impacts multiple dimensions of health, simultaneously it may also reduce likelihood of participation in the most effective remediating strategy, PA...
July 18, 2017: International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28707102/perceptions-and-practices-related-to-obesity-in-adolescent-students-and-their-programmatic-implications-qualitative-evidence-from-ho-chi-minh-city-vietnam
#3
Ngoc-Minh Nguyen, Michael J Dibley, Hong K Tang, Ashraful Alam
Background Prevalence of obesity in children in Ho Chi Minh City is rising in the last 10 years. We conducted a formative study to explore the perceptions and practices related to obesity, diet and physical activity among the students in two junior high schools in two suburbs in Ho Chi Minh City to aid in the design of an intervention in preventing obesity among adolescent school children. Method We conducted in-depth interviews with twenty participants including students, their parents, physical education teachers and a representative of the Department of Education...
July 13, 2017: Maternal and Child Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28704072/effects-of-active-videogame-and-sports-play-and-active-recreation-for-kids-physical-education-on-children-s-health-related-fitness-and-enjoyment
#4
Han Chen, Haichun Sun
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of the study was to compare the effects of a Kinect active videogame (AVG) and the Sports, Play, and Active Recreation for Kids (SPARK) intervention in improving children's health-related fitness and physical activity (PA) enjoyment. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 65 students from both third and fourth grade in a rural elementary school participated in the study. The third graders (N = 29, mean age = 9.1 years, 10 boys, mean body mass index [BMI] = 20...
July 13, 2017: Games for Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28697797/increasing-students-physical-activity-during-school-physical-education-rationale-and-protocol-for-the-self-fit-cluster-randomized-controlled-trial
#5
Amy S Ha, Chris Lonsdale, David R Lubans, Johan Y Y Ng
BACKGROUND: The Self-determined Exercise and Learning For FITness (SELF-FIT) is a multi-component school-based intervention based on tenets of self-determination theory. SELF-FIT aims to increase students' moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (MVPA) during physical education lessons, and enhance their autonomous motivation towards fitness activities. Using a cluster randomized controlled trial, we aim to examine the effects of the intervention on students' MVPA during school physical education...
July 11, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28696842/factors-associated-with-in-school-physical-activity-among-urban-children-with-asthma
#6
Marina Reznik, Florinda Islamovic, Jaeun Choi, Cheng-Shiun Leu, Alex V Rowlands
OBJECTIVE: A cross-sectional study was conducted to determine if in-school physical activity (PA) varied by age, gender, weight and asthma status, participation in physical education (PE), outdoor recess, and other in-school PA among urban schoolchildren with asthma. METHODS: PA was measured by tri-axial accelerometers. Height and mass were measured and overweight defined as BMI ≥85(th) percentile. Asthma impairment and risk were assessed as per national guidelines and asthma status variable with 3 categories (mild, moderate and severe) was created...
July 11, 2017: Journal of Asthma: Official Journal of the Association for the Care of Asthma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28695352/longitudinal-associations-between-childhood-obesity-and-academic-achievement-systematic-review-with-focus-group-data
#7
REVIEW
Anne Martin, Josephine N Booth, Sarah McGeown, Ailsa Niven, John Sproule, David H Saunders, John J Reilly
PURPOSE: The purposes of this study were to review the evidence on longitudinal associations between child and adolescent obesity and academic achievement and to provide perceptions of adolescents with obesity and their parents on this topic. RECENT FINDINGS: Synthesis of 31 studies (from 17 cohorts) suggested that relationships between obesity and academic achievement are not well established, except for adolescent girls' maths attainment, potentially mediated by both weight-related bullying and executive cognitive functions...
July 10, 2017: Current Obesity Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28691172/physical-education-increases-daily-moderate-to-vigorous-physical-activity-and-reduces-sedentary-time
#8
Kerli Mooses, Maret Pihu, Eva-Maria Riso, Aave Hannus, Priit Kaasik, Merike Kull
BACKGROUND: Physical activity (PA) is important to mental and physical health. Physical education (PE) lessons have the potential to increase daily moderate to vigorous PA (MVPA) and reduce sedentary time (SED). We measured MVPA and SED in primary school PE, determined the contribution of PE to daily MVPA and SED, and compared PA on days with and without PE. METHODS: PA was measured in 504 first (ages 7-9) and second (ages 10-12) school level children for 1 school week, with inclusion criteria of at least 10 hours of valid data...
August 2017: Journal of School Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28685651/successful-transfer-of-a-motor-learning-strategy-to-a-novel-sport
#9
Philip E Kearney, Phil Judge
This study investigated whether secondary school students who were taught a motor learning strategy could transfer their knowledge of the strategy to learning a novel task. Twenty adolescents were randomly allocated to a strategy or control group. The strategy group was taught Singer's five-step learning strategy, while the control group received information on the evolution and biomechanics of the basketball free throw. Both groups received three 1-hour practice sessions on a modified basketball shooting task...
January 1, 2017: Perceptual and Motor Skills
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28682661/effects-of-school-gardening-lessons-on-elementary-school-children-s-physical-activity-and-sedentary-time
#10
Erika Rees-Punia, Alicia Holloway, David Knauft, Michael D Schmidt
BACKGROUND: Recess and physical education time continues to diminish, creating a need for additional physical activity opportunities within the school environment. The use of school gardens as a teaching tool in elementary science and math class has the potential to increase the proportion of time spent active throughout the school day. METHODS: Teachers from four elementary schools agreed to teach one math or science lesson per week in the school garden. Student physical activity time was measured with ActiGraph GT3X accelerometers on three garden days and three no garden days at each school...
July 6, 2017: Journal of Physical Activity & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28682137/socioeconomic-and-racial-ethnic-disparities-in-physical-activity-environments-in-georgia-elementary-schools
#11
Miriam E Van Dyke, Patricia C Cheung, Padra Franks, Julie A Gazmararian
PURPOSE: This study aimed to characterize physical activity (PA) environments in Georgia public elementary schools and to identify socioeconomic status (SES) and racial/ethnic disparities in PA environments. DESIGN: A school setting PA survey was launched in 2013 to 2014 as a cross-sectional online survey assessing PA environment factors, including facility access and school PA practices, staff PA opportunities, parental involvement in school PA, and out-of-school PA opportunities...
January 1, 2017: American Journal of Health Promotion: AJHP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28675771/kinematic-chain-related-risk-factors-in-the-development-of-lower-extremity-injuries-in-women-a-prospective-study
#12
Ruth Verrelst, Damien Van Tiggelen, Roel De Ridder, Erik Witvrouw
The link between dynamic range of motion (dROM) parameters within the kinematic chain and the development of lower extremity (LE) injury have gained attention, however very few longitudinal studies have been conducted. Therefore, we wanted to prospectively determine dROM related risk factors for the development of LE injury. Within this study, 90 female physical education students aged 19.33±0.87 years were tested. Full-body kinematic and vertical ground reaction force (VGRF) parameters were measured during a triple hop jump (THJ)...
July 4, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Medicine & Science in Sports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28661718/three-year-study-of-students-attitudes-toward-physical-education-grades-4-8
#13
Kevin Mercier, Corinne Donovan, Anne Gibbone, Kimberly Rozga
PURPOSE: A relationship exists between attitudes toward physical education and future physical activity. The purpose of this study was to examine changes in attitude toward physical education as students progressed from upper elementary school (Grade 4) through middle school (Grade 8). METHOD: Three cohorts of students (Cohort 1, Grades 4-6, n = 96; Cohort 2, Grades 5-7, n = 71; and Cohort 3, Grades 6-8, n = 73) were each followed for 3 years to examine changes in attitudes toward physical education...
June 29, 2017: Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28658267/impact-of-a-hybrid-tgfu-sport-education-unit-on-student-motivation-in-physical-education
#14
Alexander Gil-Arias, Stephen Harvey, Adrián Cárceles, Alba Práxedes, Fernando Del Villar
The Teaching Games for Understanding (TGfU) and Sport Education (SE) pedagogical models share several objectives and pedagogical processes. Despite this seemingly uncanny relationship, few studies have examined the efficacy of a hybrid TGfU/SE pedagogical model, particularly how a teacher's utilization of such a model impacts on student motivation. The purpose of the current study was to investigate the effect a hybrid TGfU/SE unit, in comparison to direct instruction, on students' perceptions of various aspects of their motivation to engage in physical education (autonomous motivation, basic psychological needs, enjoyment and intention to be physically active)...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28651393/-a-cross-section-study-on-physical-endurance-level-in-primary-and-middle-school-students-in-china-2014
#15
R Tian, Z H Wang, Y H Dong, Z P Yang, J Ma
Objective: To understand the physical endurance level of primary and middle school students in China in 2014, and identify the factors influencing students'physical endurance. Methods: Data were collected from"National School Student Physical Fitness and Health Surveillance in 2014" , a total of 142 708 primary and middle school students with complete information were included in the analysis. The age, gender and area specific failure rates of endurance running of students were analyzed, the differences were analyzed with χ(2) test, and the factors influencing students' physical endurance were identified with log-binomial regression model...
May 10, 2017: Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue za Zhi, Zhonghua Liuxingbingxue Zazhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28633656/children-s-physical-activity-during-a-segmented-school-week-results-from-a-quasi-experimental-education-outside-the-classroom-intervention
#16
Mikkel Bo Schneller, Jasper Schipperijn, Glen Nielsen, Peter Bentsen
BACKGROUND: Movement integration (MI) into traditional classroom teaching is a promising opportunity for children to increase physical activity (PA). Education outside the classroom (EOtC) can be regarded as MI, and has increased children's PA in case studies. The aim of this study is to investigate the effects of EOtC on children's PA by segmenting weekly activity-related behavior into a range of day types and domains. METHODS: In a quasi-experimental design, 33 classes were recruited and participants' PA was objectively measured using accelerometers taped to the lower back...
June 20, 2017: International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632175/physical-fitness-physical-activity-sedentary-behavior-or-diet-what-are-the-correlates-of-obesity-in-polish-school-children
#17
Stanisław H Czyż, Abel L Toriola, Wojciech Starościak, Marek Lewandowski, Yvonne Paul, Adewale L Oyeyemi
There is substantial evidence of rising prevalence of overweight and obesity and its co-morbidities among children in western-high income developed countries. In the European Union, the prevalence of overweight and obesity is increasing fastest among Polish children. Yet, there is paucity of evidence on the relationship of behavioral factors with body weight status of children in Poland. This study examined the association of obesity with physical fitness, physical activity, sedentary behavior and diet among Polish children...
June 20, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28620337/the-acute-effects-of-exercise-intensity-on-inhibitory-cognitive-control-in-adolescents
#18
Fernando Peruyero, Julio Zapata, Diego Pastor, Eduardo Cervelló
Adolescence is an important stage for brain maturation. There are many studies of exercise-cognition relations, but there is still a lack of knowledge about the impact of combining different intensities of exercise on adolescents' cognitive responses. The main objective of this study was to analyze the effect of three physical education sessions (based on Zumba dance) of different intensities (no exercise, predominantly light intensity, and predominantly vigorous intensity) on the inhibition response (measured with the Stroop test) in adolescents...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28615217/reconsidering-current-objectives-for-physical-activity-within-physical-education
#19
EDITORIAL
Matthew Hobbs, Andrew Daly-Smith, Jim McKenna, Thomas Quarmby, David Morley
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 14, 2017: British Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28614511/-public-health-and-physical-education-divergences-and-interfaces
#20
Júlia Aparecida Devidé Nogueira, Maria Lúcia Magalhães Bosi
The article examines divergences and interfaces between the fields of Physical Education (PE) and Public Health (PH) in the Brazilian context, highlighting tensions in the supremacy for scientific authority and competence in line with the concepts of 'scientific field' and 'nuclei of knowledge'. Understanding PH as an institutionalized, legitimized and scientifically consolidated field with three fundamental nuclei: Epidemiology; Social and Human Sciences; and Policy, Planning and Management; we show its approximation to the PE field, resulting in specific knowledge and practices of PE in PH...
June 2017: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
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