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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28333990/creativity-associated-with-the-application-of-a-motivational-intervention-programme-for-the-teaching-of-dance-at-school-and-its-effect-on-the-both-genders
#1
Diana Amado, Pedro Antonio Sánchez-Miguel, Pablo Molero
The current study reviews processes of teaching-learning based on creativity, with the application by teachers of several strategies to support the need for autonomy, competence, and relatedness. The aim is to learn the effect of pupil's gender on their motivational level and the psychological consequences that might arise in the cognitive, affective, and behavioural domains. A quasi-experimental study was carried out at four schools in Mexico, with 12 physical education teachers and 40 natural groups of pupils aged between 11 and 17 (M = 13...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28318759/asthma-education-taught-by-physical-education-teachers-at-grade-schools-a-randomised-cluster-trial
#2
M Praena-Crespo, N Aquino-Llinares, J C Fernández-Truan, L Castro-Gómez, C Segovia-Ferrera
OBJECTIVE: Assess whether the Asthma, Sport and Health (ASAH) programme taught by teachers improves asthmatics' quality of life, asthma knowledge, and reduces school absenteeism. DESIGN: Randomised cluster trial parallel group. PARTICIPANTS: 2293 students (203 asthmatic) in the Intervention School group (IS) and 2214 in the Comparison School (CS) (224 asthmatic) belonging to primary school. INTERVENTION: Implementation of the educational programme "Asthma, Sport and Health" at grade schools, taught by physical education teachers...
March 15, 2017: Allergologia et Immunopathologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28318306/physical-education-and-sport
#3
Paul D Loprinzi, Bradley J Cardinal, Marita K Cardinal, Charles B Corbin
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to examine the associations between physical education (PE) and sports involvement with physical activity (PA), physical fitness, and beliefs about PA among a national sample of adolescents. SETTING: Data from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey National Youth Fitness Survey were used. PARTICIPANTS: A total of 459 adolescents aged 12 to 15 years. MEASURES: Adolescents self-reported engagement in the above parameters; muscular fitness objectively determined...
January 1, 2017: American Journal of Health Promotion: AJHP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28301950/cardiorespiratory-fitness-but-not-physical-activity-is-associated-with-academic-achievement-in-children-and-adolescents
#4
Tânia Oliveira, Andreia Pizarro, Manuela Costa, Luís Fernandes, Gustavo Silva, Jorge Mota, José Carlos Ribeiro
BACKGROUND: Cardiorespiratory fitness (CRF) and physical activity (PA) seem to have positive effects on academic achievement (AA), although in most studies, objective methods of assessment have not been used. AIM: To examine the associations of CRF and PA with AA. SUBJECTS & METHODS: A sample of 640 youngsters (10-18 years) participated in this cross-sectional study. CRF was estimated with the 20-metre shuttle run test and PA was measured using accelerometers...
March 16, 2017: Annals of Human Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28298965/radiology-education-in-europe-analysis-of-results-from-22-european-countries
#5
Bhavya Rehani, Yi C Zhang, Madan M Rehani, András Palkó, Lawrence Lau, Miriam N Mikhail Lette, William P Dillon
AIM: To assess the state of radiology education across Europe by means of a survey study. METHODS: A comprehensive 23-item radiology survey was distributed via email to the International Society of Radiology members, national radiological societies, radiologists and medical physicists. Reminders to complete the survey were sent and the results were analyzed over a period of 4 mo (January-April 2016). Survey questions include length of medical school and residency training; availability of fellowship and subspecialty training; number of residency programs in each country; accreditation pathways; research training; and medical physics education...
February 28, 2017: World Journal of Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28290740/effects-of-school-based-physical-activity-program-on-students-moderate-to-vigorous-physical-activity-and-perceptions-of-physical-competence
#6
Arto Gråstén, Anthony Watt, Jarmo Liukkonen, Timo Jaakkola
BACKGROUND: The study examined the effects of school-based program on students' self-reported moderate to vigorous physical activity and physical competence, and associated links to gender, grade, body mass index, and physical education assessments. METHODS: Participants were 240 middle school students (143 intervention, 97 control) from three small cities in North-East Finland. The intervention group received task-involving climate support in physical education classes and additional physical activities during school days across one year...
March 14, 2017: Journal of Physical Activity & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28289470/the-profiling-of-university-of-ljubljana-students-according-to-their-motives-for-exercise-participation
#7
Katja Cerar, Miran Kondrič, Joško Sindik
INTRODUCTION: The main research objective is the analysis of the grouping of the students of the University of Ljubljana, with respect to the intensity of different types of exercise participation motives, their gender, discipline and year of study, level of physical activity, status of physical education class, organization of physical activities during study, and place of residence. METHODS: Data were collected using personal data sheets during enrolling students at the University of Ljubljana...
June 1, 2017: Zdravstveno Varstvo
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28283044/fun-influence-and-competence-a-mixed-methods-study-of-prerequisites-for-high-school-students-participation-in-physical-education
#8
Eirik Abildsnes, Gudrun Rohde, Sveinung Berntsen, Tonje H Stea
BACKGROUND: Many adolescents do not reach the recommended levels of physical activity (PA), and students attending vocational studies are less committed to take part in physical education (PE) than other students. The purpose of the present study was twofold: 1) to examine differences in physical activity, diet, smoking habits, sleep and screen time among Norwegian vocational high school students who selected either a PE model focusing on PA skills, technique and improvement of physical performance ("Sports enjoyment") or more on health, play and having fun when participating in PE lessons ("Motion enjoyment"), and 2) to explore the students' experiences with PE programs...
March 10, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28259605/hands-on-physics-education-of-residents-in-diagnostic-radiology
#9
Jie Zhang, Peter A Hardy, David J DiSantis, M Elizabeth Oates
RATIONALE AND OBJECTIVES: The American Board of Radiology Core Examination integrates assessment of physics knowledge into its overall testing of clinical radiology, with an emphasis on understanding image quality and artifacts, radiation dose, and patient safety for each modality or subspecialty organ system. Accordingly, achieving a holistic approach to physics education of radiology residents is a huge challenge. The traditional teaching of radiological physics-simply through didactic lectures-was not designed for such a holistic approach...
March 1, 2017: Academic Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28257123/unequal-distribution-of-overweight-adolescents-in-immigrant-rich-areas-analysis-of-disparities-among-public-and-private-school-students-in-shanghai-china
#10
Jianwei Shi, Duxun Tan, Huilin Xie, Beilei Yang, Rui Liu, Dehua Yu, Yuan Lu, Bing Mei, Zhaoxin Wang
Accelerated urbanization and rising immigration to the big cities in China has resulted in education policies that produce disparate treatment of immigrant and non-immigrant students. The two types of students frequently wind up in different types of junior high schools. However, there is little research on whether disparities exist between students in public and private schools with regard to overweight. This study aims to address this gap through a comparison of the overweight status of junior high school students in public and private schools in Shanghai and explore the possible reasons for the observed differences...
March 2, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28257046/domain-specific-self-reported-and-objectively-measured-physical-activity-in-children
#11
Ole Sprengeler, Norman Wirsik, Antje Hebestreit, Diana Herrmann, Wolfgang Ahrens
Little is known about the extent that different domains contribute to total sedentary (SED), light (LPA) and moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (MVPA). We aimed to identify domain-specific physical activity (PA) patterns in school-aged children who were assessed by questionnaire and accelerometry. For the study, 298 German school children and adolescents aged 6-17 years wore an accelerometer for one week and completed a PA recall-questionnaire for the same period. Spearman coefficients (r) were used to evaluate the agreement between self-reported and objectively measured PA in five domains (transport, school hours, physical education, leisure-time, organized sports activities)...
March 1, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28249345/mechanical-alterations-during-800-m-self-paced-track-running
#12
Olivier Girard, Gregoire P Millet, Jean-Paul Micallef
We assessed the time course of running mechanical alterations during an 800-m. On a 200-m indoor track, 18 physical education students performed an 800-m self-paced run. Once per lap, ground reaction forces were measured by a 5-m-long force platform system, and used to determine running kinetics/kinematics and spring-mass characteristics. Compared with 100 m (19.4±1.8 km.h(-1)) running velocity progressively decreased at 300, 500 m but levelled-off at 700 m marks (-5.7±4.6, -10.4±8.3, and -9.1±13...
March 1, 2017: International Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28238404/knowledge-of-asthma-and-anaphylaxis-among-teachers-in-spanish-schools
#13
J C Juliá-Benito, M Escarrer-Jaume, M T Guerra-Pérez, J Contreras-Porta, E Tauler-Toro, A Madroñero-Tentor, J C Cerdá-Mir
INTRODUCTION: Allergic diseases affect 15-20% of the paediatric population in the industrialised world. Most educational centres in Spain do not have health professionals among their staff, and the teachers are in charge of child care in school. The advisability of specific training of the teaching staff should be considered, with the introduction of concrete intervention plans in the event of life-threatening emergencies in schools. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Evaluation of the training needs constitutes the first step in planning an educational project...
February 18, 2017: Allergologia et Immunopathologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28228116/examination-of-motor-skill-competency-in-students-evidence-based-physical-education-curriculum
#14
Weiyun Chen, Austin Hammond-Bennett, Andrew Hypnar
BACKGROUND: Researchers found that children with a competent level of motor skill performance are more likely to be physically active. This study examined how well K-1 students demonstrated motor skill competency in relation to Physical Education Content Standard 1. METHODS: Participants were K-1 grade students (N = 1,223-1,588; boys = 568-857; girls = 526-695; Mean age = 5.5 yrs old) who were enrolled in nine elementary schools. The K-1 students' motor skill competency in running, weight transferring, hand dribbling, and underhand catching skills was assessed using four PE Metrics skill assessment rubrics in the intervention year 1 and year 2, respectively...
February 23, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28226012/excessive-consumption-of-dietary-supplements-among-professionals-working-in-gyms-in-pelotas-rio-grande-do-sul-state-brazil-2012
#15
Tatiane Araujo Cava, Samanta Winck Madruga, Gesiane Dias Trindade Teixeira, Felipe Fossati Reichert, Marcelo Cozzensa da Silva, Airton José Rombaldi
OBJECTIVE: to investigate the prevalence and factors associated with excessive consumption of dietary supplements among professionals working at gyms in Pelotas, Rio Grande do Sul State, Brazil. METHODS: this is a cross-sectional study with all local fitness professionals identified in 2012; excessive consumption of dietary supplements was defined as the use of three or more types of supplements simultaneously; multivariate analysis was carried out using Poisson regression with robust variance...
January 2017: Epidemiologia e Servicos de Saude: Revista do Sistema Unico de Saude do Brasil
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28213755/pedagogical-approaches-to-and-effects-of-fundamental-movement-skill-interventions-on-health-outcomes-a-systematic-review
#16
REVIEW
Claire Tompsett, Ross Sanders, Caitlin Taylor, Stephen Cobley
BACKGROUND: Fundamental movement skills (FMS) are assumed to be the basic prerequisite motor movements underpinning coordination of more integrated and advanced movement capabilities. FMS development and interventions have been associated with several beneficial health outcomes in individual studies. OBJECTIVE: The primary aim of this review was to identify FMS intervention characteristics that could be optimised to attain beneficial outcomes in children and adolescents, while the secondary aim was to update the evidence as to the efficacy of FMS interventions on physiological, psychological and behavioural health outcomes...
February 18, 2017: Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28209518/evidence-based-policies-on-school-nutrition-and-physical-education-associations-with-state-level-collaboration-obesity-and-socio-economic-indicators
#17
Jennifer E Pelletier, Melissa N Laska, Richard MacLehose, Toben F Nelson, Marilyn S Nanney
Despite calls for more cross-sector collaboration on obesity prevention, little is known about the role of collaborative partnerships, or groups of organizations from different sectors working together toward a shared goal, in state policy activities. This study examined associations between competitive food/beverage and physical education policies and state-level collaboration and state characteristics (obesity, socioeconomic indicators, public health funding levels) for all 50 states and the District of Columbia, USA, in 2012...
February 13, 2017: Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28208968/school-based-multicomponent-intervention-for-obese-children-in-udupi-district-south-india-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#18
Baby S Nayak, Vinod H Bhat
INTRODUCTION: Childhood obesity and overweight is a global epidemics and has been increasing in the developing countries. Childhood obesity is linked with increased mortality and morbidity independent of adult obesity. Declining physical activity, access to junk food and parenting style are the major determinants of overweight in children. Thus, there is a need for increasing the physical activity of children, educating the parents as well as the children on lifestyle modification. This can be achieved through implementation of multicomponent intervention...
December 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28169572/relation-of-adolescents-physical-activity-to-after-school-recreation-environment
#19
Christina M Thornton, Kelli L Cain, Terry L Conway, Jacqueline Kerr, Brian E Saelens, Lawrence D Frank, Karen Glanz, James F Sallis
BACKGROUND: The after-school period provides an opportune context for adolescent physical activity. This study examined how characteristics of after-school recreation environments related to adolescent physical activity. METHODS: Participants were 889 adolescents aged 12-17 (M = 14.1, SD = 1.4) from two US regions. Adolescents reported on whether their school offered after-school supervised physical activity, access to play areas/fields, and presence of sports facilities...
February 7, 2017: Journal of Physical Activity & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28155792/-the-fight-against-obesity-by-physical-activity-and-the-foundations-of-an-expert-consensus
#20
Fabien Merlaud, Philippe Terral
<ce:para>From a sociological point of view, this article investigates the conflicting arguments about physical activity (type of activity and content of recommendations) between experts in the fight against obesity. We studied a variety of different media: press articles, reports, books, popular articles, interviews, ethnographic notes. These data were analysed by Prospero software followed by R software and the TraMineR package. The article primarily shows that a general consensus has been reached that physical activity is an important factor in fighting obesity in contrast with the divided debate about nutrition amongst experts...
June 8, 2016: Santé Publique: Revue Multidisciplinaire Pour la Recherche et L'action
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