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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29450903/extended-physical-education-in-children-aged-6-15-years-was-associated-with-improved-academic-achievement-in-boys
#1
M E Cöster, J Fritz, C Karlsson, B E Rosengren, M K Karlsson
AIM: Physical activity (PA) has been associated with enhanced cognition, brain development and concentration. This study evaluated if increased physical education (PE) improved academic achievement. METHODS: We recruited 304 children (55% boys) from a Swedish school in Skane county in 1998-2002 when they were 6-7 years of age and followed them through all nine mandatory school years. Their PE level was increased from 60 minutes to 200 minutes per week and their results were compared with 73,885 control children (51% boys) in the county who graduated in the same years and did the standard 60 minutes of PE per week...
February 16, 2018: Acta Paediatrica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29428503/the-athletic-skills-track-age-and-gender-related-normative-values-of-a-motor-skills-test-for-4-to-12-year-old-children
#2
J J A A M Hoeboer, G Ongena, M Krijger-Hombergen, E Stolk, G J P Savelsbergh, S I de Vries
OBJECTIVES: The aim of the presented study is to provide age- and gender-related normative values and MQ values for a motor skills test, the Athletic Skills Track, among 4- to 12-year-old children. DESIGN: Cross-sectional. METHODS: In 2016, a total of 7977 Dutch children, 4036 boys (mean age 8.6 years, SD 2.1) and 3941 girls (mean age 8.6 years, SD 2.1), performed an age-related version of the Athletic Skills Track (AST). The AST is a track consisting of 5-7 fundamental movement skill tasks that should be completed as fast as possible...
February 7, 2018: Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29426310/barriers-to-voluntary-participation-in-sport-for-children-a-systematic-review
#3
Sarah Somerset, Derek J Hoare
BACKGROUND: Numerous studies have detailed the physical health benefits of children's participation in sport and a growing body of research also highlights the benefits for mental health. Children who participate in sport have also been shown to be advantaged academically. However, despite the benefits there is evidence that children are leading increasingly sedentary lifestyles and are at greater risk of chronic disease than those with active lifestyles. Sport provides an important means for children to achieve their recommended amount of daily physical activity...
February 9, 2018: BMC Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29415684/effects-of-combat-training-on-visuomotor-performance-in-children-aged-9-to-12-years-an-eye-tracking-study
#4
Yan-Ying Ju, Yen-Hsiu Liu, Chih-Hsiu Cheng, Yu-Lung Lee, Shih-Tsung Chang, Chi-Chin Sun, Hsin-Yi Kathy Cheng
BACKGROUND: Data on visuomotor performance in combat training and the effects of combat training on visuomotor performance are limited. This study aimed to investigate the effects of a specially designed combat sports (CS) training program on the visuomotor performance levels of children. METHODS: A pre-post comparative design was implemented. A total of 26 students aged 9-12 years underwent 40-min CS training sessions twice a week for 8 weeks during their physical education classes...
February 7, 2018: BMC Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29412432/bone-geometry-and-physical-activity-in-children-and-adolescents-systematic-review
#5
Tathyane Krahenbühl, Roseane de Fátima Guimarães, Antonio de Azevedo Barros Filho, Ezequiel Moreira Gonçalves
OBJECTIVE: To perform a systematic review on the practice of physical activity and/or sports in health and its influence on bone geometry of healthy children and adolescents. DATA SOURCE: The method used as reference was the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA). Databases searched for articles published from 2006 to 2016, with "Bone geometry" AND (Sport* OR Exercise* OR "Physical Activity") as descriptors, were PubMed, BIREME/LILACS and SciELO...
January 15, 2018: Revista Paulista de Pediatria: Orgão Oficial da Sociedade de Pediatria de São Paulo
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29407263/comparison-of-the-readiness-for-interprofessional-learning-and-the-rate-of-contact-among-students-from-nine-different-healthcare-courses
#6
Vítor Falcão de Oliveira, Mariana Fonseca Bittencourt, Ícaro França Navarro Pinto, Alessandra Lamas Granero Lucchetti, Oscarina da Silva Ezequiel, Giancarlo Lucchetti
BACKGROUND: Despite the growth in the interprofessional literature, there are still few studies that have evaluated the differences among courses and periods in relation to Readiness for Interprofessional Learning. Likewise, the relationship between the influences of contact among students from different professions is still controversial. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate whether greater contact among students from diverse health courses could be associated with improved Readiness for Interprofessional Learning (RIPLS) at the undergraduate level and to compare the RIPLS among healthcare courses, analyzing differences among courses and periods of their academic training...
February 1, 2018: Nurse Education Today
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29405339/exploring-the-perspectives-of-10-11-and-12-year-old-primary-school-students-on-physical-activity-engagement-cause-you-can-t-just-be-sitting-at-a-desk-all-the-time
#7
J Harvey, E S Pearson, P Sanzo, A E Lennon
BACKGROUND: Research indicates that 91% of Canadian children are not engaging in enough physical activity (PA) to achieve health benefits. Physical education (PE) classes have been identified as a way to improve child health by facilitating engagement in movement-based activities. The daily physical activity (DPA) initiative was created with similar intentions and requires that students participate in at least 20 min of PA daily via PE classes and/or during instructional time for other subjects...
February 5, 2018: Child: Care, Health and Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29397087/the-benefits-of-yoga-in-children
#8
REVIEW
Chandra Nanthakumar
The number of children suffering from stress and anxiety in Malaysia is on the rise. Evidence shows that mind-body therapies such as mindfulness therapy, meditation and yoga have been practiced in many other countries to reduce and/or manage the psychological effects of stress and anxiety. This review article looks at the intervention of yoga as a meditative movement practice in helping school children manage stress and anxiety. Articles were retrieved using a combination of databases including PubMed/MEDLINE, and PsycINFO...
January 2018: Journal of Integrative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29388480/bmi-health-report-cards-parents-perceptions-and-reactions
#9
Marla Jones, Cassie Huffer, Tom Adams, Logan Jones, Bryan Church
In 2003, Arkansas became the first state to require body mass index (BMI) testing in public schools to raise awareness of the growing obesity epidemic among children and adolescents. Limited information exists regarding the effectiveness of school-based BMI screening programs. The purpose of this study was to determine if BMI health report cards affected parents' knowledge or actions regarding their child's health and to determine the accuracy of parents' perceptions of their child as underweight, normal weight, or overweight according to their child's BMI...
December 1, 2017: Health Promotion Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29382479/-does-a-physical-education-lesson-affect-the-foot-morphology-in-school-aged-children
#10
Laura Martín-Casado, Christian Barquín
BACKGROUND: To analyze the changes in foot morphology in school-age children, after a Physical Education lesson. METHODS: A total of 10 school-age children (5 girls and 5 boys) were recruited with a mean age of 9.3 ± 0.5 years that voluntary participated in this study. Measurements of both feet were obtained using a 3D foot digitizer model IFU-S-01 (Japan) in two different moments, before and after a physical education lesson (per-exercise and post-exercise), where different activities involving displacements, jumps and landings were performed...
September 2017: Boletín Médico del Hospital Infantil de México
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29382175/current-government-actions-and-potential-policy-options-for-reducing-obesity-in-queensland-schools
#11
Naser A Alsharairi
School nutrition policies provide promising avenues towards the improvement of children's eating habits and the prevention of obesity. Childhood obesity rates and related chronic diseases are increasing in Queensland, in part as a result of unhealthy eating habits and lack of physical activity. There is a very high investment by the Queensland government in maintaining healthy weight and promoting nutrition and physical activity among schoolchildren through delivering a range of initiatives across the state...
January 29, 2018: Children
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29380486/brief-report-exploring-the-benefits-of-a-peer-tutored-physical-education-programme-among-high-school-students-with-intellectual-disability
#12
Erica Gobbi, Márcia Greguol, Attilio Carraro
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to explore possible benefits of a peer-tutored physical education programme (PTPE) in comparison with school physical education (SPE) in high school students with intellectual disability. METHOD: Nineteen students with intellectual disabilities (15 boys, mean age 17.4 ± 1.7 years) were monitored during three PTPE and three SPE classes. A factorial RM-ANOVA was used to test differences on objective measured physical activity (PA), enjoyment and exertion during the two conditions, considering participants' weight condition as independent factor...
January 29, 2018: Journal of Applied Research in Intellectual Disabilities: JARID
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29378563/health-related-physical-fitness-and-physical-activity-in-elementary-school-students
#13
Weiyun Chen, Austin Hammond-Bennett, Andrew Hypnar, Steve Mason
BACKGROUND: This study examined associations between students' physical fitness and physical activity (PA), as well as what specific physical fitness components were more significant correlates to being physically active in different settings for boys and girls. METHODS: A total of 265 fifth-grade students with an average age of 11 voluntarily participated in this study. The students' physical fitness was assessed using four FitnessGram tests, including Progressive Aerobic Cardiovascular Endurance Run (PACER), curl-up, push-up, and trunk lift tests...
January 30, 2018: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29364433/prevalence-and-factors-associated-with-exposure-to-sunlight-and-sunscreen-among-physical-education-teachers-in-pelotas-southern-brazil
#14
Airton José Rombaldi, Lúcio Kerber Canabarro, Marilda Borges Neutzling, Marcelo Cozzensa da Silva
BACKGROUND: Decreasing the time of exposure to the sun and increasing sunscreen use are important actions to prevent skin cancer. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to verify the prevalence of exposure to the sun and the use of sunscreen, as well as associated factors among physical education teachers of the basic education network from city of Pelotas, southern Brazil. METHODS: A census type study was conducted with physical education teachers of the basic education network from Pelotas...
November 2017: Anais Brasileiros de Dermatologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29363589/tackling-in-physical-education-rugby-an-unnecessary-risk
#15
Adam John White, John Batten, Stefan Robinson, Eric Anderson, Andrew Burns, Jo Batey, Helen Ryan-Stewart, Russell Discombe
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 23, 2018: Injury Prevention: Journal of the International Society for Child and Adolescent Injury Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29363177/modeling-children-s-development-in-gross-motor-coordination-reveals-key-modifiable-determinants-an-allometric-approach
#16
Marcos André M Dos Santos, Alan M Nevill, Rojapon Buranarugsa, Sara Pereira, Thayse Natacha Q Ferreira Gomes, Ana Reyes, Lisa M Barnett, José António R Maia
Children change their body size, shape and gross motor coordination (GMC) as they grow. Further, GMC is expected to link to changes in children's body size, physical activity (PA) and physical fitness (PF). The objective was to model GMC changes in children followed longitudinally and to investigate associations between these changes and PA and PF levels. A total of 245 children (122 girls) were observed at 6 years of age and followed annually until 9 years. A sequence of allometric models were fitted, i.e...
January 24, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Medicine & Science in Sports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29358047/teachers-attitudes-and-perceptions-about-preparation-of-public-schools-to-assist-students-with-type-1-diabetes
#17
Florentino Carral San Laureano, José Vicente Gutiérrez Manzanedo, Pablo Moreno Vides, Guillermo de Castro Maqueda, Jorge R Fernández Santos, Jesús Gustavo Ponce González, María Del Carmen Ayala Ortega
OBJECTIVE: To assess teachers' attitudes and perceptions about preparation of public primary and secondary education schools in the Puerto Real University Hospital (Cádiz, Spain) area to care for students with type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM) METHODS: A descriptive observational study where answers to an attitude and perception questionnaire on the preparation of schools to care for pupils with T1DM were analyzed. A total of 765 teachers (mean age, 44.3±8.8 years; 61.7% women) from 44 public schools in the area of the Puerto Real University Hospital were selected by random sampling...
January 18, 2018: Endocrinología, Diabetes y Nutrición
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29347840/barriers-and-enablers-to-the-implementation-of-school-wellness-policies-an-economic-perspective
#18
Brittany R Schuler, Brit I Saksvig, Joy Nduka, Susannah Beckerman, Lea Jaspers, Maureen M Black, Erin R Hager
BACKGROUND: Local wellness policies (LWPs) are mandated among school systems to enhance nutrition/physical activity opportunities in schools. Prior research notes disparities in LWP implementation. This study uses mixed methods to examine barriers/enablers to LWP implementation, comparing responses by student body income. METHOD: Schools ( n = 744, 24 systems) completed an LWP implementation barriers/enablers survey. Semistructured interviews ( n = 20 random subsample) described barriers/enablers...
January 1, 2018: Health Promotion Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334013/understanding-teacher-change-a-national-survey-of-u-s-physical-educators
#19
Ben D Kern, Kim C Graber
Physical education is critical to addressing childhood obesity, yet many school-based programs do not meet established quality standards and teachers are called upon to change. Little is known about how change is initiated and its associated internal and external factors. PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to investigate physical education teacher change that was self-initiated and externally initiated and to examine dispositions toward the change process relative to initiation. METHOD: A random national sample of physical educators representing each SHAPE America - Society of Health and Physical Educators regional district participated in a survey measuring past programming changes, primary initiators of change, and teachers' dispositions toward change...
January 15, 2018: Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29333645/how-healthy-is-homeschool-an-analysis-of-body-composition-and-cardiovascular-disease-risk
#20
Laura S Kabiri, Katy Mitchell, Wayne Brewer, Alexis Ortiz
BACKGROUND: Public school children regularly participate in school-based physical activity, physical education, and fitness testing. However, almost 2 million American children are homeschooled. The purpose of this research was to assess the body composition of elementary school-aged homeschool children and their corresponding cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk. METHODS: This research explored the body composition and CVD risk of 145 homeschool children aged 5-11 years using body mass index (BMI), percent body fat, and waist circumference...
February 2018: Journal of School Health
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