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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27869410/the-effect-of-strength-training-based-on-process-approach-intervention-on-balance-of-children-with-developmental-coordination-disorder
#1
Hasan Kordi, Mehdi Sohrabi, Alireza Saberi Kakhki, Seyed R Attarzadeh Hossini
INTRODUCTION: Balance is one of the main problems of children with developmental coordination disorder (DCD). According to process-oriented approach, besides strength training, neuromuscular adaptations can improve balance. OBJETIVE: To evaluate the effects of strength training on improving static and dynamic balance in DCD children. METHODS AND POPULATION: Children between 7 to 9 years old in Tehran participated in the study through randomized controlled trial design...
December 1, 2016: Archivos Argentinos de Pediatría
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27869113/effects-of-high-intensity-interval-training-on-fat-mass-parameters-in-adolescents
#2
Alba Camacho-Cardenosa, Javier Brazo-Sayavera, Marta Camacho-Cardenosa, Marta Marcos-Serrano, Rafael Timón, Guillermo Olcina
OBJECTIVE: Childhood and adolescence are key to the development of chronic disease stages, the distribution of fat an important factor in this regard. The aim of the study was to evaluate the effects on fat parameters of a high intensity program developed in adolescents during physical education classes. METHODS: In 2013, 35 school-age children of Cáceres taken part in this study divided into two groups. The high-intensity group performed for 8 weeks, 4-6 sets of 20 seconds at maximal intensity with a ratio effort / recovery of 1: 3 to 1: 1...
November 21, 2016: Revista Española de Salud Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27859725/effects-of-menthol-application-on-the-skin-during-prolonged-immersion-in-swimmers-and-controls
#3
P G Botonis, N D Geladas, S N Kounalakis, E D Cherouveim, M D Koskolou
We hypothesized that menthol application on the skin would enhance vasoconstriction of subjects immersed in cool water, which would reduce heat loss and rectal temperature (Tre) cooling rate. Furthermore, it was hypothesized that this effect would be greater in individuals acclimatized to immersion in 24 °C water, such as swimmers. Seven swimmers (SW) and seven physical education students (CON) cycled at 60% VO2 max until Tre attained 38 °C, and were then immediately immersed in stirred water maintained at 24 °C on two occasions: without (NM) and with (M; 4...
November 18, 2016: Scandinavian Journal of Medicine & Science in Sports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27848755/results-from-ghana-s-2016-report-card-on-physical-activity-for-children-and-youth
#4
Reginald Ocansey, Richmond Aryeetey, Seidu Sofo, Alex Nazzar, Margaret Delali, Prince Pambo, Vida Nyawornota, John Nartey, Rachel Sarkwa
BACKGROUND: Currently, there is limited evidence on estimates for physical activity (PA) behavior and sedentary behavior (SB) in Ghana. This report card (RC) is intended to increase awareness and sensitivity about issues surrounding PA and SB in Ghana. METHODS: Data were collected from peer-reviewed literature, graduate students' theses, physical education and sports documents, and a survey of opinions of stakeholders covering the 10 key RC indicators and benchmarks...
November 2016: Journal of Physical Activity & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27848751/results-from-ireland-north-and-south-s-2016-report-card-on-physical-activity-for-children-and-youth
#5
Deirdre M Harrington, Marie Murphy, Angela Carlin, Tara Coppinger, Alan Donnelly, Kieran P Dowd, Teresa Keating, Niamh Murphy, Elaine Murtagh, Wesley O'Brien, Catherine Woods, Sarahjane Belton
BACKGROUND: Physical activity (PA) is a key performance indicator for policy documents in both the Republic of Ireland and Northern Ireland. Building on baseline grades set in 2014, Ireland's second Report Card on Physical Activity for Children and Youth allows for continued surveillance of indicators related to PA in children and youth. METHODS: Data and information were extracted and collated for 10 indicators and graded using an international standardized grading system...
November 2016: Journal of Physical Activity & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27848725/results-from-south-africa-s-2016-report-card-on-physical-activity-for-children-and-youth
#6
Monika Uys, Susan Bassett, Catherine E Draper, Lisa Micklesfield, Andries Monyeki, Anniza de Villiers, Estelle V Lambert
BACKGROUND: We present results of the 2016 Healthy Active Kids South Africa (HAKSA) Report Card on the current status of physical activity (PA) and nutrition in South African youth. The context in which we interpret the findings is that participation in PA is a fundamental human right, along with the right to "attainment of the highest standard of health." METHODS: The HAKSA 2016 Writing Group was comprised of 33 authorities in physical education, exercise science, nutrition, public health, and journalism...
November 2016: Journal of Physical Activity & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27844337/physical-activity-and-prostate-cancer-an-updated-review
#7
REVIEW
Roy J Shephard
Prostate cancer affects a major proportion of older men, and effective preventive measures are few. Earlier suggestions of 10-30% risk reduction from vigorous physical activity thus merit further analysis. This narrative review updates information on associations between physical activity and prostate cancer, seeking activity patterns associated with maximal risk reduction. Systematic searches of Ovid/MEDLINE and PubMed databases from 1996 to June 2016 have linked the terms prostate neoplasms/prostate cancer with occupation, occupational title, sedentary job or heavy work, exercise, physical activity, sports, athletes, physical education/training or aerobic fitness...
November 14, 2016: Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27842938/effects-of-a-resistance-and-stretching-training-program-on-forward-head-and-protracted-shoulder-posture-in-adolescents
#8
Rodrigo Miguel Ruivo, Pedro Pezarat-Correia, Ana Isabel Carita
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effects of a 16-week resistance and stretching training program applied in physical education (PE) classes on forward head posture and protracted shoulder posture in Portuguese adolescents. METHODS: This prospective, randomized, controlled study was conducted in 2 secondary schools. One hundred and thirty adolescents (aged 15-17 years) with forward head and protracted shoulder posture were randomly assigned to a control or experimental group...
November 11, 2016: Journal of Manipulative and Physiological Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27824688/gross-motor-skills-and-cardiometabolic-risk-in-children-a-mediation-analysis
#9
Ryan D Burns, Timothy A Brusseau, You Fu, James C Hannon
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to examine the linear relationship between gross motor skills and cardiometabolic risk, with aerobic fitness as a mediator variable, in low-income children from the U.S. METHODS: Participants were a convenience sample of 224 children (Mean age = 9.1 ± 1.1 years; 129 girls, 95 boys) recruited from five low-income elementary schools from the Mountain West Region of the U.S. Gross motor skills were assessed using the Test for Gross Motor Development 3rd Edition...
November 7, 2016: Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27813394/adaptations-in-movement-performance-after-plyometric-training-on-mini-trampoline-in-children
#10
Fotini Arabatzi
BACKGROUND: Deficits in postural control and skill performance are important intrinsic fall risk factors. Thus, the purpose of this study was to investigate the impact of trampoline plyometrics on postural control, and jumping height in pre-pubertal children. METHODS: Twenty-two school children were assigned to either a Trampoline group (TPLG, n = 12, 7 girls & 5 boys, age = 9.30 ± 0.55 years) or a Control group (CG, n = 12, 8 girls & 4 boys, age = 9.30 ± 0.55 years)...
November 4, 2016: Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27803624/effect-of-autonomy-support-on-self-determined-motivation-in-elementary-physical-education
#11
Yu-Kai Chang, Senlin Chen, Kun-Wei Tu, Li-Kang Chi
Using the quasi-experimental design, this study examined the effect of autonomy support on self-determined motivation in elementary school physical education (PE) students. One hundred and twenty six participants were assigned to either the autonomy support group (n = 61) or the control group (n = 65) for a six-week intervention period. Perceived teacher autonomy, perceived autonomy in PE, and self-determined motivation in PE were pre- and post-tested using validated questionnaires. Significant increases in perceived teacher autonomy and perceived autonomy in PE were observed in the autonomy support group, but not in the control group...
September 2016: Journal of Sports Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27794625/dropout-from-physical-activity-interventions-in-people-living-with-hiv-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#12
D Vancampfort, J Mugisha, J Richards, M De Hert, A R Lazzarotto, F B Schuch, M Probst, B Stubbs
Physical activity (PA) interventions have been shown to improve the health of people living with HIV (PLWH), yet treatment dropout poses an important challenge. We conducted a meta-analysis to investigate the prevalence and predictors of treatment dropout in PA interventions in PLWH. Electronic databases were searched for records up to September 2016. Randomized control trials of PA interventions in PLWH reporting dropout rates were included. Random effects meta-analysis and meta-regression analyses were employed...
October 31, 2016: AIDS Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27771492/what-is-the-status-of-food-literacy-in-australian-high-schools-perceptions-of-home-economics-teachers
#13
Rimante Ronto, Lauren Ball, Donna Pendergast, Neil Harris
The high school setting has been identified as an ideal setting to teach adolescents about healthy dietary behaviours. This study explored home economics teachers' (HETs) views on the role of high schools in enhancing adolescents' food literacy and promoting healthy dietary behaviours. Semi-structured interviews with 22 HETs were conducted. The interview questions focused on the perceived strengths/opportunities and the limitations/barriers in enhancing adolescents' food literacy and healthy dietary behaviours in Australian high schools...
October 19, 2016: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27768553/development-of-an-electronic-version-of-the-children-s-self-perceptions-of-adequacy-in-and-predilection-for-physical-activity-ecsappa-scale
#14
Marybeth Grant-Beuttler, Jenifer Jennings, Christina McCauley, Robert Dulay, Katlyn Grossnickle, Kerri Kill, John Hay
PURPOSE: To develop an electronic version of the Children's Self-Perceptions of Adequacy in and Predilection for Physical Activity (eCSAPPA), which would allow individual administration to children younger than nine years of age. METHODS: Fifty-four, four - nine-year-old children completed the eCSAPPA and the Test of Gross Motor Development-2 (TGMD-2). Parental measures of physical activity, and body mass index were obtained. Twenty-one participants additionally completed the paper version of the CSAPPA...
October 21, 2016: Pediatric Exercise Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27766126/do-girls-with-excess-adiposity-perform-poorer-motor-skills-than-leaner-peers
#15
Daniel DAS Virgens Chagas, Joyce Ferreira Carvalho, Luiz Alberto Batista
The main aim of this study was to analyze the joint association of body fat percentage and physical activity levels on motor coordination scores in girls with different adiposity status. Sixty-eight school-aged children between 12 and 14 years participated in the study. Skinfold thickness was measured and the Körperkoordinationstest für Kinder test was administered. Participants completed a self-reporting questionnaire on physical activity. Children's adiposity status was attributed in according to age-specific cutoff points of a Brazilian database...
2016: International Journal of Exercise Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27761217/-theory-based-health-education-application-of-health-belief-model-for-iranian-obese-and-overweight-students-about-physical-activity-in-urmia-iran
#16
Baratali Rezapour, Firoozeh Mostafavi, Hamidreza Khalkhali
BACKGROUND: Obesity is a major problem in both developed and underdeveloped countries. The aim of this study is to investigate the effects of a physical education program (PEP) on promoting health belief model (HBM) scores, increasing physical activity (PA), and reducing obesity among Iranian high school students. METHODS: This quasi-experimental study was accomplished at four high schools that were randomly divided into two groups of experiment (forty) and control (forty) male students in junior high schools in Urmia, Iran...
2016: International Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27755014/in-response-to-keep-the-physical-in-physical-education
#17
Avery D Faigenbaum
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 14, 2016: Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine: Official Journal of the Canadian Academy of Sport Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27753049/step-counts-on-weekdays-weekends-and-during-physical-education-of-navajo-high-school-students
#18
Rachelle Jones, Timothy A Brusseau, Pamela H Kulinna, Hans van der Mars
BACKGROUND: Understanding the physical activity patterns of youth is important for the implementation and evaluation of programming and interventions designed to change behavior. To date, little is known about the objectively measured physical activity patterns of Native American youth. Therefore, the purpose of the study was to examine the step counts of Navajo youth during weekdays, weekend days, and physical education classes. METHODS: Participants included 63 high school students (mean age = 15...
October 17, 2016: Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27749614/the-malta-childhood-national-body-mass-index-study-a-population-study
#19
Victor Grech, Samuel Aquilina, Erin Camilleri, Karl Camilleri, Maria-Louisa Busuttil, Victoria Farrugia Sant'Angelo, Neville Calleja
OBJECTIVES: Obesity is a chronic disease that often commences in childhood. Over quarter of Maltese children are overweight or obese. This study was carried out in order to measure height and weight (and Body Mass Index) for all school children in Malta in order to precisely quantify the extent of the problem. METHODS: Schooling in Malta is provided by: A. Free State schools, B. Subsidised Roman-Catholic Church-run schools and C. Independent Private schools. All were included...
October 4, 2016: Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27736372/school-based-team-research-to-address-grand-challenges-through-p-12-physical-education-programs
#20
Michael W Metzler
One of the grand challenges of our time is to educate children and youth to live physically active and healthy lives today and into adulthood. To do so, we must first agree that the highest mission priority for physical education programs in schools is that of public health promotion through physical activity. Under that mission, school physical education programs from preschool to Grade 12 (P-12) would be designed, implemented, resourced, and evaluated to help children meet the recommended 60 min of daily physical activity...
October 13, 2016: Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport
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