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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28228116/examination-of-motor-skill-competency-in-students-evidence-based-physical-education-curriculum
#1
Weiyun Chen, Austin Hammond-Bennett, Andrew Hypnar
BACKGROUND: Researchers found that children with a competent level of motor skill performance are more likely to be physically active. This study examined how well K-1 students demonstrated motor skill competency in relation to Physical Education Content Standard 1. METHODS: Participants were K-1 grade students (N = 1,223-1,588; boys = 568-857; girls = 526-695; Mean age = 5.5 yrs old) who were enrolled in nine elementary schools. The K-1 students' motor skill competency in running, weight transferring, hand dribbling, and underhand catching skills was assessed using four PE Metrics skill assessment rubrics in the intervention year 1 and year 2, respectively...
February 23, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28226012/excessive-consumption-of-dietary-supplements-among-professionals-working-in-gyms-in-pelotas-rio-grande-do-sul-state-brazil-2012
#2
Tatiane Araujo Cava, Samanta Winck Madruga, Gesiane Dias Trindade Teixeira, Felipe Fossati Reichert, Marcelo Cozzensa da Silva, Airton José Rombaldi
OBJECTIVE: to investigate the prevalence and factors associated with excessive consumption of dietary supplements among professionals working at gyms in Pelotas, Rio Grande do Sul State, Brazil. METHODS: this is a cross-sectional study with all local fitness professionals identified in 2012; excessive consumption of dietary supplements was defined as the use of three or more types of supplements simultaneously; multivariate analysis was carried out using Poisson regression with robust variance...
January 2017: Epidemiologia e Servicos de Saude: Revista do Sistema Unico de Saude do Brasil
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28213755/pedagogical-approaches-to-and-effects-of-fundamental-movement-skill-interventions-on-health-outcomes-a-systematic-review
#3
REVIEW
Claire Tompsett, Ross Sanders, Caitlin Taylor, Stephen Cobley
BACKGROUND: Fundamental movement skills (FMS) are assumed to be the basic prerequisite motor movements underpinning coordination of more integrated and advanced movement capabilities. FMS development and interventions have been associated with several beneficial health outcomes in individual studies. OBJECTIVE: The primary aim of this review was to identify FMS intervention characteristics that could be optimised to attain beneficial outcomes in children and adolescents, while the secondary aim was to update the evidence as to the efficacy of FMS interventions on physiological, psychological and behavioural health outcomes...
February 18, 2017: Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28209518/evidence-based-policies-on-school-nutrition-and-physical-education-associations-with-state-level-collaboration-obesity-and-socio-economic-indicators
#4
Jennifer E Pelletier, Melissa N Laska, Richard MacLehose, Toben F Nelson, Marilyn S Nanney
Despite calls for more cross-sector collaboration on obesity prevention, little is known about the role of collaborative partnerships, or groups of organizations from different sectors working together toward a shared goal, in state policy activities. This study examined associations between competitive food/beverage and physical education policies and state-level collaboration and state characteristics (obesity, socioeconomic indicators, public health funding levels) for all 50 states and the District of Columbia, USA, in 2012...
February 13, 2017: Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28208968/school-based-multicomponent-intervention-for-obese-children-in-udupi-district-south-india-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#5
Baby S Nayak, Vinod H Bhat
INTRODUCTION: Childhood obesity and overweight is a global epidemics and has been increasing in the developing countries. Childhood obesity is linked with increased mortality and morbidity independent of adult obesity. Declining physical activity, access to junk food and parenting style are the major determinants of overweight in children. Thus, there is a need for increasing the physical activity of children, educating the parents as well as the children on lifestyle modification. This can be achieved through implementation of multicomponent intervention...
December 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28169572/relation-of-adolescents-physical-activity-to-after-school-recreation-environment
#6
Christina M Thornton, Kelli L Cain, Terry L Conway, Jacqueline Kerr, Brian E Saelens, Lawrence D Frank, Karen Glanz, James F Sallis
BACKGROUND: The after-school period provides an opportune context for adolescent physical activity. This study examined how characteristics of after-school recreation environments related to adolescent physical activity. METHODS: Participants were 889 adolescents aged 12-17 (M = 14.1, SD = 1.4) from two US regions. Adolescents reported on whether their school offered after-school supervised physical activity, access to play areas/fields, and presence of sports facilities...
February 7, 2017: Journal of Physical Activity & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28155792/-the-fight-against-obesity-by-physical-activity-and-the-foundations-of-an-expert-consensus
#7
Fabien Merlaud, Philippe Terral
<ce:para>From a sociological point of view, this article investigates the conflicting arguments about physical activity (type of activity and content of recommendations) between experts in the fight against obesity. We studied a variety of different media: press articles, reports, books, popular articles, interviews, ethnographic notes. These data were analysed by Prospero software followed by R software and the TraMineR package. The article primarily shows that a general consensus has been reached that physical activity is an important factor in fighting obesity in contrast with the divided debate about nutrition amongst experts...
June 8, 2016: Santé Publique: Revue Multidisciplinaire Pour la Recherche et L'action
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28155790/-physical-education-health-and-physical-activities-difficult-relationships
#8
Geneviève Cogérino
<ce:para>Physical education (PE) is an appropriate subject to investigate the links between physical activity (PA) and health. The current training of PE teachers tends to emphasize the link between PA and physical fitness, to the detriment of other health components. The occupational, environmental, cultural dimensions of PA are frequently overlooked. This article lists four topics related to PA-health links, which could be more extensively included in initial PE teacher training, on the basis of abundant scientific literature: 1...
June 8, 2016: Santé Publique: Revue Multidisciplinaire Pour la Recherche et L'action
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28155787/-demedicalisation-of-8220-medical-prescription-of-sport-8221-the-strasbourg-programme-as-viewed-by-sports-educators
#9
Christelle Marsault
<ce:para>Promoting health by sport has now gone one step further. Integrated into the 2015 Health Act, medical prescription of sport activities is organized locally, as illustrated by the Strasbourg “sport-health prescription” programme, which promotes physical activity for patients with stable chronic diseases within local sports structures. Observation of the real functioning of this programme, based on the practices and descriptions of six sports educators in various structures, reveals demedicalisation in favour of sportification, as sports educators translate the prescription according to their specific institution and policies...
June 8, 2016: Santé Publique: Revue Multidisciplinaire Pour la Recherche et L'action
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28153647/domain-specific-physical-activity-and-mental-health-a-meta-analysis
#10
REVIEW
Rhiannon Lee White, Mark J Babic, Philip D Parker, David R Lubans, Thomas Astell-Burt, Chris Lonsdale
CONTEXT: The mental health benefits of physical activity are well established. However, less is known about whether the relationship between physical activity and mental health is consistent across different life domains. It is important to understand how context may influence the relationship between physical activity and mental health so that interventions and policy guidelines can be tailored to maximize positive effects. EVIDENCE ACQUISITION: In 2015, systematic searches of four databases identified 13,435 records, of which 98 studies met the inclusion criteria...
January 30, 2017: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28143819/performing-international-outreach-phun-week-in-an-australian-primary-school
#11
Patricia A Halpin
Physiology Understanding (PhUn) Week is an annual science outreach program sponsored by the American Physiological Society in which K-12 students learn about physiology through meeting a physiologist and performing an experiment. Performing PhUn Week at an Australian private primary school during a family vacation in 2014 enabled me to receive a fellowship to return the following year for further implementation. To set up the outreach, I contacted the assistant principal of a public primary school, and she connected me with the physical education (PE) teacher...
March 1, 2017: Advances in Physiology Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28139042/incidence-and-risk-factors-of-injuries-and-their-impact-on-academic-success-a-prospective-study-in-pete-students
#12
S Bliekendaal, L Goossens, J H Stubbe
Injuries can have a major impact on the physical performance and academic career of physical education teacher education (PETE) students. To investigate the injury problem, risk factors, and the impact of injuries on academic success, 252 PETE students were followed during their first semester. Risk factor analysis was conducted by means of logistic regression analysis with a differentiation for upper body, lower body, acute, overuse, and severe injuries. An incidence of 1.26 injuries/student/semester was found...
January 30, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Medicine & Science in Sports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28138421/efficacy-and-retention-of-basic-life-support-education-including-automated-external-defibrillator-usage-during-a-physical-education-period
#13
Kae Watanabe, Dalia Lopez-Colon, Jonathan J Shuster, Joseph Philip
The American Heart Association (AHA) advocates for CPR education as a requirement of secondary school curriculum. Unfortunately, many states have not adopted CPR education. Our aim was to investigate a low-cost, time effective method to educate students on Basic Life Support (BLS), including reeducation. This is a prospective, randomized study. Retention was assessed at 4 months post-initial education. Education was performed by AHA-certified providers during a 45-minute physical education class in a middle school in Florida...
March 2017: Preventive Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28134228/knowledge-on-bronchial-asthma-among-teachers-and-educators-preliminary-results-of-a-pilot-study
#14
Andrzej Witusik, Łukasz Mokros, Tadeusz Pietras
: One of the elements contributing to development of health-promoting behaviors is knowledge transmitted by teachers. AIM: The aim of the research was to assess the teachers' and educators' knowledge on bronchial asthma. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The survey consisting of closed multiple choice questions concerning bronchial asthma was conducted among 106 teachers. The questionnaire contained 12 questions selected by competent judges. To verify statistical hypotheses, we used Pearson Chi2 test with Benjamini-Hochberg correction...
January 23, 2017: Polski Merkuriusz Lekarski: Organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28133599/physical-activity-of-german-children-during-different-segments-of-the-school-day
#15
Susanne Kobel, Sarah Kettner, Christine Lämmle, Jürgen M Steinacker
AIM: This study objectively investigated the amount and intensity of German primary school children's physical activity (PA) during different segments of the school day and explored the contribution of physical education (PE) and break times to daily moderate to vigorous PA (MVPA). SUBJECT AND METHODS: PA of 294 children (7.1 ± 0.7 years, 48 % male) was objectively measured for 6 days using Actiheart®. Based on children's timetables, break times and PE periods were determined and PA was calculated individually and subsequently classified in light (1...
2017: Zeitschrift Für Gesundheitswissenschaften, Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28116879/physical-activity-in-the-prevention-and-management-of-bladder-cancer
#16
Roy J Shephard
INTRODUCTION: The aim was to examine the role of physical activity in reducing the risk of bladder cancer, and in managing established disease. EVIDENCE ACQUISITION: A systematic search of Ovid/Medline from 1996 to June 2016 coupled the term urinary bladder neoplasms (25,061 hits) with markers of physical activity (exercise, physical activity, physical education/training, athletes, and physical fitness, a total of 246,683 unique entries). Of 42 titles identified, 18 relevant abstracts were supplemented by reviewing reference lists and personal files to yield 21 articles on prevention of bladder cancer, and 8 on physical activity in disease management...
January 23, 2017: Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28111990/healthy-habits-are-no-fun-how-dutch-youth-negotiate-discourses-about-food-fit-fat-and-fun
#17
Noortje van Amsterdam, Annelies Knoppers
In this article, we use the notion of "biopedagogical practices" to explore how Dutch youth respond to health messages that focus on body weight. Previous studies suggest that such health messages encourage body dissatisfaction in youth. Few studies, however, focus on the local/cultural specificity of youth's responses to these biopedagogical practices. In this article, we address questions about the re-interpretation of and resistance to health messages that Dutch youth engage in and how these can be understood in their local context...
January 1, 2017: Health (London)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28100122/using-the-self-determination-theory-to-understand-chinese-adolescent-leisure-time-physical-activity
#18
Lijuan Wang
PURPOSES: This study applies the self-determination theory (SDT) to test the hypothesized relationships among perceived autonomy support from parents, physical education (PE) teachers, and peers, the fulfilment of psychological needs (i.e., autonomy, competence, and relatedness), autonomous motivation, and leisure-time physical activity of Chinese adolescents. METHOD: There are 255 grade six to eight student participants from four middle schools around Shanghai, China included in this study...
January 19, 2017: European Journal of Sport Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28092643/physical-activity-and-sedentary-time-among-children-with-disabilities-at-school
#19
Cindy H P Sit, Thomas L McKenzie, Ester Cerin, Bik C Chow, Wendy Y Huang, Jie Yu
PURPOSES: Physical activity (PA) is important for the development of children with disabilities, but rarely does this population meet the recommended standards. Schools are salient locations for PA, but little is known about how specific school settings affect the PA of children with diverse disabilities. We assessed PA and sedentary time (ST) of children with disabilities in three school settings (physical education, recess, lunchtime). METHODS: Participants included 259 children from 13 Hong Kong special schools for five primary disabilities: visual impairments, hearing impairments, physical disabilities, intellectual disabilities, and social development problems...
February 2017: Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28090140/influence-of-warm-up-duration-and-recovery-interval-prior-to-exercise-on-anaerobic-performance
#20
M Frikha, N Chaâri, N Mezghanni, N Souissi
The purpose of the study was to determine the impact of different active warm-up (AWU) durations and the rest interval separating it from exercise on anaerobic performance. Eleven male physical education students (22.6 ± 2.52 years; 179.2 ± 4.3 cm; 82.5 ± 9.7 kg; mean ± SD) participated in a cross-over randomized study, and they all underwent the Wingate test after three AWU durations: 5 min (AWU5), 15 min (AWU15) and 20 min (AWU20), with recovery (WREC) or without a recovery interval (NREC) separating the AWU and anaerobic exercise performance...
December 2016: Biology of Sport
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