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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28633656/children-s-physical-activity-during-a-segmented-school-week-results-from-a-quasi-experimental-education-outside-the-classroom-intervention
#1
Mikkel Bo Schneller, Jasper Schipperijn, Glen Nielsen, Peter Bentsen
BACKGROUND: Movement integration (MI) into traditional classroom teaching is a promising opportunity for children to increase physical activity (PA). Education outside the classroom (EOtC) can be regarded as MI, and has increased children's PA in case studies. The aim of this study is to investigate the effects of EOtC on children's PA by segmenting weekly activity-related behavior into a range of day types and domains. METHODS: In a quasi-experimental design, 33 classes were recruited and participants' PA was objectively measured using accelerometers taped to the lower back...
June 20, 2017: International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632175/physical-fitness-physical-activity-sedentary-behavior-or-diet-what-are-the-correlates-of-obesity-in-polish-school-children
#2
Stanisław H Czyż, Abel L Toriola, Wojciech Starościak, Marek Lewandowski, Yvonne Paul, Adewale L Oyeyemi
There is substantial evidence of rising prevalence of overweight and obesity and its co-morbidities among children in western-high income developed countries. In the European Union, the prevalence of overweight and obesity is increasing fastest among Polish children. Yet, there is paucity of evidence on the relationship of behavioral factors with body weight status of children in Poland. This study examined the association of obesity with physical fitness, physical activity, sedentary behavior and diet among Polish children...
June 20, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28620337/the-acute-effects-of-exercise-intensity-on-inhibitory-cognitive-control-in-adolescents
#3
Fernando Peruyero, Julio Zapata, Diego Pastor, Eduardo Cervelló
Adolescence is an important stage for brain maturation. There are many studies of exercise-cognition relations, but there is still a lack of knowledge about the impact of combining different intensities of exercise on adolescents' cognitive responses. The main objective of this study was to analyze the effect of three physical education sessions (based on Zumba dance) of different intensities (no exercise, predominantly light intensity, and predominantly vigorous intensity) on the inhibition response (measured with the Stroop test) in adolescents...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28615217/reconsidering-current-objectives-for-physical-activity-within-physical-education
#4
EDITORIAL
Matthew Hobbs, Andrew Daly-Smith, Jim McKenna, Thomas Quarmby, David Morley
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 14, 2017: British Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28614511/-public-health-and-physical-education-divergences-and-interfaces
#5
Júlia Aparecida Devidé Nogueira, Maria Lúcia Magalhães Bosi
The article examines divergences and interfaces between the fields of Physical Education (PE) and Public Health (PH) in the Brazilian context, highlighting tensions in the supremacy for scientific authority and competence in line with the concepts of 'scientific field' and 'nuclei of knowledge'. Understanding PH as an institutionalized, legitimized and scientifically consolidated field with three fundamental nuclei: Epidemiology; Social and Human Sciences; and Policy, Planning and Management; we show its approximation to the PE field, resulting in specific knowledge and practices of PE in PH...
June 2017: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28603770/embodied-science-and-mixed-reality-how-gesture-and-motion-capture-affect-physics-education
#6
Mina C Johnson-Glenberg, Colleen Megowan-Romanowicz
A mixed design was created using text and game-like multimedia to instruct in the content of physics. The study assessed which variables predicted learning gains after a 1-h lesson on the electric field. The three manipulated variables were: (1) level of embodiment; (2) level of active generativity; and (3) presence of story narrative. Two types of tests were administered: (1) a traditional text-based physics test answered with a keyboard; and (2) a more embodied, transfer test using the Wacom large tablet where learners could use gestures (long swipes) to create vectors and answers...
2017: Cognitive Research: Principles and Implications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28601622/a-school-based-rope-skipping-program-for-adolescents-results-of-a-randomized-trial
#7
Amy S Ha, Chris Lonsdale, Johan Y Y Ng, David R Lubans
Despite physical education's health enhancing potential, students' activity levels in lessons are low. We evaluated a school-based intervention that involved rope skipping on students' moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (MVPA) in physical education. The intervention was evaluated using a clustered randomized controlled trial in 24 classes (N=731 students; M=14.38years; all from Secondary 2) from 12 Hong Kong schools during September to December 2013. The primary outcome was percentage of lesson time spent in MVPA...
June 7, 2017: Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28598797/physical-fitness-and-obesity-levels-during-an-academic-year-followed-by-summer-holidays-an-issue-of-insufficient-time-for-physical-activity
#8
George Aphamis, Yiannakis Ioannou, Christoforos D Giannaki
Today, available time for physical activity has been continuously decreasing, whilst, school-time physical education (PE) classes appear to be the only real option for many adolescents to engage in physical activity and exercise. The aim of the present study was to investigate fitness and health related parameters over one academic year, and after the summer holidays for adolescents who do not engage in out-of-school physical activities. Participants were 153 students (age: 15-17 years; boys n = 86) who exercised only during PE (2 × 45-min periods per week)...
June 9, 2017: International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28597618/effects-of-resistance-training-overtraining-and-early-specialization-on-youth-athletes
#9
Benjamin K Walters, Connor R Read, A Reed Estes
INTRODUCTION: In 2014, 60 million youth ages 6-18 participated in some form of generalized athletics. 3.5 million children are injured annually participating in organized sport or recreational activities. While sound physical education can decrease the burden of youth sports injuries, the median annual physical education budget of $764 for United States elementary, middle and high schools may not allow enough flexibility to apply evidenced-based guidelines. EVIDENCE ACQUISITION: The topics were selected after a careful review of the 2016 National Strength and Conditioning Association Position Statement on Long-Term Athletic Development...
June 8, 2017: Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28592204/factor-structure-and-measurement-invariance-of-the-need-supportive-teaching-style-scale-for-physical-education
#10
Jing-Dong Liu, Pak-Kwong Chung
The purpose of the current study was to examine the factor structure and measurement invariance of a scale measuring students' perceptions of need-supportive teaching (Need-Supportive Teaching Style Scale in Physical Education; NSTSSPE). We sampled 615 secondary school students in Hong Kong, 200 of whom also completed a follow-up assessment two months later. Factor structure of the scale was examined through exploratory structural equation modeling (ESEM). Further, nomological validity of the NSTSSPE was evaluated by examining the relationships between need-supportive teaching style and student satisfaction of psychological needs...
January 1, 2017: Perceptual and Motor Skills
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28591139/physical-education-policy-compliance-and-latino-children-s-fitness-does-the-association-vary-by-school-neighborhood-socioeconomic-advantage
#11
Emma V Sanchez-Vaznaugh, Lisa Goldman Rosas, José Ramón Fernández-Peña, Jonggyu Baek, Susan Egerter, Brisa N Sánchez
OBJECTIVES: To investigate the contribution of school neighborhood socioeconomic advantage to the association between school-district physical education policy compliance in California public schools and Latino students' physical fitness. METHODS: Cross-sectional Fitnessgram data for public-school students were linked with school- and district-level information, district-level physical education policy compliance from 2004-2005 and 2005-2006, and 2000 United States Census data...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28588429/the-associations-between-cigarette-smoking-and-health-related-behaviors-among-chinese-school-aged-adolescents
#12
Meng Wang, Hao Wang, Fang-Rong Fei, Chun-Xiao Xu, Xiao-Fu Du, Jie-Ming Zhong
BACKGROUND: Evidence on the interrelations between cigarette smoking and a cluster of lifestyle behaviors is scarce for the Chinese youth population. This study is conducted to identify the associations between cigarette smoking and multiple health-related behaviors in a Chinese sample of adolescents. METHODS: We used data from 2012 Zhejiang Youth Risk Behavior Survey, which is a school-based survey of 19,542 adolescents that assess risk behaviors using a self-reported questionnaire...
2017: Tobacco Induced Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28586511/factors-affecting-dance-exercise-performance-among-students-at-a-special-needs-school
#13
Yukiko Ito, Izumi Hiramoto, Hideya Kodama
BACKGROUND: In Japan, dance exercise has been introduced as a compulsory element of health and physical education. However, there is a considerable discrepancy in the levels of performance among students with intellectual disabilities (ID) at a special needs school. AIM: To demonstrate factors affecting the performance of dance exercise in students with ID. METHODS: A 4-month dance exercise program was implemented for junior high school students at a special needs school, and performance of 32 students at 22 sessions was assessed quantitatively by amount of calorie use by exercise and the proficiency scores of performances...
June 6, 2017: Pediatrics International: Official Journal of the Japan Pediatric Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28566811/the-effect-of-combined-supplementation-of-carbohydrates-and-creatine-on-anaerobic-performance
#14
A S Theodorou, G Paradisis, E Smpokos, A Chatzinikolaou, I Fatouros, Rfgj King, C B Cooke
The purpose of the study was to examine the effect of creatine (Cr) supplementation on anaerobic performance when ingesting creatine and carbohydrates (CHO) together. Twenty male physical education students comprised the two experimental (CR and CRCHO) and one control (CON) groups of the study. All groups performed three 30 s anaerobic Wingate tests (AWTs) interspersed with 6 minutes of recovery. The CR group (n = 7) ingested 5 g of Cr 5 times per day for 4 days. Subjects in the CRCHO group (n = 6) ingested the same quantity but additionally after each 5 g dose of Cr consumed 500 ml of a commercially available energy drink containing 100 g of simple sugars...
June 2017: Biology of Sport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28558779/-are-thai-children-and-youth-sufficiently-active-prevalence-and-correlates-of-physical-activity-from-a-nationally-representative-cross-sectional-study
#15
Areekul Amornsriwatanakul, Leanne Lester, Fiona C Bull, Michael Rosenberg
BACKGROUND: Children and youth gain multiple health benefits from regular participation in physical activity (PA). However, in Thailand there is limited national data on children and youth's PA behaviors and recent reports suggest that Thai children and youth have low levels of PA. Furthermore, there is almost no data on the factors associated with inactivity to support the development of a Thai National PA Plan. The purpose of this paper is to investigate Thai children and youth's participation in PA and its correlates across sociodemographic characteristics and different PA domains...
May 30, 2017: International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28558533/relationships-among-stress-burnout-athletic-identity-and-athlete-satisfaction-in-students-at-korea-s-physical-education-high-schools
#16
Keunchul Lee, Sangwook Kang, Inwoo Kim
We tested the structural relationships between stress, burnout, athletic identity, and athlete satisfaction in student athletes attending Korea's physical education high schools and analyzed the differences between paths by ego resilience. Data were collected from student athletes at three Korean physical education high schools. Before data collection, each instruments' content validity was confirmed, and after data collection, construct validity was tested using factor analysis. The results were derived using reliability testing, descriptive statistics, correlation analyses, and structural equation modeling...
January 1, 2017: Psychological Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28557854/short-term-effects-of-resistance-training-modalities-on-performance-measures-in-male-adolescents
#17
P W Winwood, J J Buckley
This study compared the effects of seven weeks of bodyweight, mobility and resistance training programs on strength, power, and sprint times. Thirty-nine male adolescents (aged 14-15 years) were randomly assigned to one of two groups; bodyweight and mobility training (BMT) (n=25) or combined bodyweight, mobility and free weights training (CBT) (n=14). A physical education class (n=23) of similar age constituted a control group (CON). Both training groups performed two bodyweight and mobility training sessions per week and the CBT group performed two additional free-weight resistance exercise training sessions...
May 23, 2017: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28556764/in-service-physical-educators-experiences-of-online-adapted-physical-education-endorsement-courses
#18
Takahiro Sato, Justin A Haegele, Rachel Foot
The purpose of this study was to investigate in-service physical education (PE) teachers' experiences during online adapted physical education (APE) graduate courses. Based on andragogy theory (adult learning theory) we employed a descriptive qualitative methodology using an explanatory case study design. The participants (6 female and 3 male) were in-service PE teachers enrolled in an online graduate APE endorsement program. Data collection included journal reflection reports and face-to-face interviews. A constant comparative method was used to interpret the data...
April 2017: Adapted Physical Activity Quarterly: APAQ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28551468/effects-of-different-movement-modes-on-plantar-pressure-distribution-patterns-in-obese-and-non-obese-chinese-children
#19
Yan Song-Hua, Wang Lu, Zhang Kuan
Walking, slow running (jogging) and fast running often occur in daily life, Physical Education Class and Physical Fitness Test for children. However, potential impact of jogging and running on plantar pressure of children is not clear. The purpose of this study was to compare the characteristics of plantar pressure distribution patterns in obese and non-obese children during walking, jogging and running, and evaluate biomechanical effects of three movements on obese children. A 2-m footscan plantar pressure plate (RSscan International, Belgium) was used to collect the gait data of 20 obese children (10...
May 4, 2017: Gait & Posture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28548556/a-physical-education-intervention-effects-on-correlates-of-physical-activity-and-motivation
#20
Stephen E Palmer, Dierdra K Bycura, Meghan Warren
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to measure effects of a modified physical education (PE) unit on leisure time physical activity (LTPA), relative autonomy, and known correlates of LTPA in seventh-grade boys and girls. METHOD: A seventh-grade mountain biking unit was modified to include instructional activities targeting known correlates of PA behavior following principles of Physical Education Dedicated to Physical Activity for Life (PEDAL). A three-group design (intervention, standard PE, no PE) was employed...
May 1, 2017: Health Promotion Practice
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