keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

map goal

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28722561/the-quality-of-free-antenatal-and-delivery-services-in-northern-sierra-leone
#1
Manso M Koroma, Samuel S Kamara, Evelyn A Bangura, Mohamed A Kamara, Virgil Lokossou, Namoudou Keita
BACKGROUND: The number of maternal deaths in sub-Saharan Africa continues to be overwhelmingly high. In West Africa, Sierra Leone leads the list, with the highest maternal mortality ratio. In 2010, financial barriers were removed as an incentive for more women to use available antenatal, delivery and postnatal services. Few published studies have examined the quality of free antenatal services and access to emergency obstetric care in Sierra Leone. METHODS: A cross-sectional survey was conducted in 2014 in all 97 peripheral health facilities and three hospitals in Bombali District, Northern Region...
July 12, 2017: Health Research Policy and Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28721738/counting-bodies-on-future-engagements-with-science-studies-in-medical-anthropology
#2
Emily Yates-Doerr
Thirty years ago, Nancy Scheper-Hughes and Margaret Lock outlined a strategy for 'future work in medical anthropology' that focused on three bodies. Their article - a zeitgeist for the field - sought to intervene into the Cartesian dualisms characterizing ethnomedical anthropology at the time. Taking a descriptive and diagnostic approach, they defined 'the mindful body' as a domain of future anthropological inquiry and mapped three analytic concepts that could be used to study it: the individual/phenomenological body, the social body, and the body politic...
July 19, 2017: Anthropology & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28719236/applying-an-artificial-neural-network-model-for-developing-a-severity-score-for-patients-with-hereditary-amyloid-polyneuropathy
#3
Shenia Novis, Felipe Machado, Victor B Costa, Debora Foguel, Marcia W Cruz, José Manoel de Seixas
Hereditary (familial) amyloid polyneuropathy (FAP) is a systemic disease that includes a sensorimotor polyneuropathy related to transthyretin (TTR) mutations. So far, a scale designed to classify the severity of this disease has not yet been validated. This work proposes the implementation of an artificial neural network (ANN) in order to develop a severity scale for monitoring the disease progression in FAP patients. In order to achieve this goal, relevant symptoms and laboratory findings were collected from 98 Brazilian patients included in THAOS - the Transthyretin Amyloidosis Outcomes Survey...
July 18, 2017: Amyloid: the International Journal of Experimental and Clinical Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28718837/interactivity-and-trust-as-antecedents-of-e-training-use-intention-in-nigeria-a-structural-equation-modelling-approach
#4
A U Alkali, Nur Naha Abu Mansor
BACKGROUND: The last few decades saw an intense development in information technology (IT) and it has affected the ways organisations achieve their goals. Training, in every organisation is an ongoing process that aims to update employees' knowledge and skills towards goals attainment. Through adequate deployment of IT, organisations can effectively meet their training needs. However, for successful IT integration in training, the employees who will use the system should be positively disposed towards it...
July 18, 2017: Behavioral Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28717517/knowledge-mapping-visualization-analysis-of-the-military-health-and-medicine-papers-published-in-the-web-of-science-over-the-past-10%C3%A2-years
#5
Xuan-Ming Zhang, Xuan Zhang, Xu Luo, Hai-Tao Guo, Li-Qun Zhang, Ji-Wei Guo
BACKGROUND: Military medicine is a research field that seeks to solve the medical problems that occur in modern war conditions based on public medicine theory. METHODS: We explore the main research topics of military health and medical research in the web of science™ core collection (WoSCC) from 2007 to 2016, and the goal of this work is to serve as a reference for orientation and development in military health and medicine. Based on CiteSpace III, a reference co-citation analysis is performed for 7921 papers published in the WoSCC from 2007 to 2016...
2017: Military Medical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28711519/perspectives-on-bioeconomy
#6
EDITORIAL
Alfredo Aguilar, Roland Wohlgemuth, Tomasz Twardowski
The insight provided by the authors of this special issue on bioeconomy give a reassuring sign of optimism, vitality and strong will to make bioeconomy a success story. Key to these advances will be inventing and shaping our future and the cooperation of people who will create new scientific and technological discoveries, developments and their implementation into industrial practice. The vibrant global megatrend bioeconomy is developing along various dimensions depending on natural and social conditions, economic development and political objectives...
July 12, 2017: New Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28709004/mapping-the-neural-substrates-of-behavior
#7
Alice A Robie, Jonathan Hirokawa, Austin W Edwards, Lowell A Umayam, Allen Lee, Mary L Phillips, Gwyneth M Card, Wyatt Korff, Gerald M Rubin, Julie H Simpson, Michael B Reiser, Kristin Branson
Assigning behavioral functions to neural structures has long been a central goal in neuroscience and is a necessary first step toward a circuit-level understanding of how the brain generates behavior. Here, we map the neural substrates of locomotion and social behaviors for Drosophila melanogaster using automated machine-vision and machine-learning techniques. From videos of 400,000 flies, we quantified the behavioral effects of activating 2,204 genetically targeted populations of neurons. We combined a novel quantification of anatomy with our behavioral analysis to create brain-behavior correlation maps, which are shared as browsable web pages and interactive software...
July 13, 2017: Cell
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28708825/lymphatic-filariasis-patient-identification-in-a-large-urban-area-of-tanzania-an-application-of-a-community-led-mhealth-system
#8
Upendo Mwingira, Maria Chikawe, Wilfred Lazarus Mandara, Hayley E Mableson, Cecilia Uisso, Irene Mremi, Alpha Malishee, Mwele Malecela, Charles D Mackenzie, Louise A Kelly-Hope, Michelle C Stanton
BACKGROUND: Lymphatic filariasis (LF) is best known for the disabling and disfiguring clinical conditions that infected patients can develop; providing care for these individuals is a major goal of the Global Programme to Eliminate LF. Methods of locating these patients, knowing their true number and thus providing care for them, remains a challenge for national medical systems, particularly when the endemic zone is a large urban area. METHODOLOGY/PRINCIPLE FINDINGS: A health community-led door-to-door survey approach using the SMS reporting tool MeasureSMS-Morbidity was used to rapidly collate and monitor data on LF patients in real-time (location, sex, age, clinical condition) in Dar es Salaam, Tanzania...
July 14, 2017: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28708547/multimodal-fusion-with-reference-searching-for-joint-neuromarkers-of-working-memory-deficits-in-schizophrenia
#9
Shile Qi, Vince D Calhoun, Theo G M van Erp, Juan Bustillo, Eswar Damaraju, Jessica A Turner, Yuhui Du, Jian Yang, Jiayu Chen, Qingbao Yu, Daniel H Mathalon, Judith M Ford, James Voyvodic, Bryon A Mueller, Aysenil Belger, Sarah McEwen, Steven G Potkin, Adrian Preda, Tianzi Jiang, Jing Sui
By exploiting cross-information among multiple imaging data, multimodal fusion has often been used to better understand brain diseases. However, most current fusion approaches are blind, without adopting any prior information. There is increasing interest to uncover the neurocognitive mapping of specific clinical measurements on enriched brain imaging data; hence, a supervised, goal-directed model that employs prior information as a reference to guide multimodal data fusion is much needed and becomes a natural option...
July 11, 2017: IEEE Transactions on Medical Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28701238/cognitive-stimulation-therapy-in-dementia-care-exploring-the-views-and-experiences-of-service-providers-on-the-barriers-and-facilitators-to-implementation-in-practice-using-normalization-process-theory
#10
Claire Dickinson, Grant Gibson, Zoe Gotts, Lynne Stobbart, Louise Robinson
BACKGROUND: Cognitive stimulation therapy (CST) is an evidence-based, cost-effective psychosocial intervention for people with dementia but is currently not a standard part of post-diagnostic care. This qualitative study explored the views and experiences of dementia care providers on the barriers and facilitators to its implementation in usual care. METHOD: Thirty four semi-structured interviews (24 participants) were conducted across four dementia care sites in the North of England; ten were follow-up interviews...
July 13, 2017: International Psychogeriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28700721/niche-shifts-and-the-potential-distribution-of-phenacoccus-solenopsis-hemiptera-pseudococcidae-under-climate-change
#11
Jiufeng Wei, Hufang Zhang, Wanqing Zhao, Qing Zhao
The cotton mealybug, Phenacoccus solenopsis Tinsley (Hemiptera: Pseudococcidae), is a serious invasive species that significantly damages plants of approximately 60 families around the world. It is originally from North America and has also been introduced to other continents. Our goals were to create a current and future potential global distribution map for this pest under climate change with MaxEnt software. We tested the hypothesis of niche conservatism for P. solenopsis by comparing its native niche in North America to its invasive niches on other continents using Principal components analyses (PCA) in R...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28699412/pressure-autoregulation-measurement-techniques-in-adult-tbi-part-ii-a-scoping-review-of-continuous-methods
#12
Frederick Adam Zeiler, Joseph Donnelly, Leanne Calviello, Peter Smieleweski, David Menon, Marek Czosnyka
To perform systematically a scoping review of the literature on commonly described continuous autoregulation measurement techniques in adult TBI. The goal was to provide an overview of methodology and comprehensive reference library of the available literature for each technique. Five separate small systematic reviews were conducted for each of the continuous techniques: pressure reactivity index (PRx), laser Doppler flowmetry (LDF), near infrared spectroscopy (NIRS) techniques, brain tissue oxygen tension (PbtO2), and thermal diffusion (TD) techniques...
July 12, 2017: Journal of Neurotrauma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28692982/multi-dielectric-brownian-dynamics-and-design-space-exploration-studies-of-permeation-in-ion-channels
#13
May Siksik, Vikram Krishnamurthy
This paper proposes a multi-dielectric Brownian Dynamics (BD) simulation framework for Design-Space-Exploration (DSE) studies of ion-channel permeation. The goal of such DSE studies is to estimate the channel modeling-parameters that minimize the mean-squared-error between the simulated and expected "permeation characteristics". To address this computational challenge, we use a methodology based on statistical inference that utilizes knowledge of channel structure to prune the design space. We demonstrate the proposed framework and DSE methodology using a case study based on the KcsA ion channel in which the design space is successfully reduced from a 6-dimensional space to a 2-dimensional space...
July 4, 2017: IEEE Transactions on Nanobioscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28688391/crf-pepico-double-velocity-map-imaging-photoelectron-photoion-coincidence-spectroscopy-for-reaction-kinetics-studies
#14
Bálint Sztáray, Krisztina Voronova, Krisztián G Torma, Kyle J Covert, Andras Bodi, Patrick Hemberger, Thomas Gerber, David L Osborn
Photoelectron photoion coincidence (PEPICO) spectroscopy could become a powerful tool for the time-resolved study of multi-channel gas phase chemical reactions. Toward this goal, we have designed and tested electron and ion optics that form the core of a new PEPICO spectrometer, utilizing simultaneous velocity map imaging for both cations and electrons, while also achieving good cation mass resolution through space focusing. These optics are combined with a side-sampled, slow-flow chemical reactor for photolytic initiation of gas-phase chemical reactions...
July 7, 2017: Journal of Chemical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28686164/-the-role-of-cognitive-emotional-self-regulation-in-adolescence-in-levels-of-depression-psychosomatic-symptoms-and-subjective-well-being
#15
Pálma Kriston, Bettina Pikó
BACKGROUND AND AIMS OF THE STUDY: More and more studies suggest that mental health may be determined by processes of emotional self-regulation. Emotion regulation is a complex concept which can be explicit and implicit and includes different cognitive and behavioral processes: evaluation, modifying of emotional reaction to accomplish goals. Our research aim was to explore the use of cognitive emotional self-regulation strategies related to mental health indicators among adolescents. METHOD: The youth study was performed with a sample size of 1245 participants in Makó, in 2016...
2017: Psychiatria Hungarica: A Magyar Pszichiátriai Társaság Tudományos Folyóirata
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28686129/centres-for-leadership-a-strategy-for-academic-integration
#16
Gillian King, Kathryn Parker, Sean Peacocke, C J Curran, Amy C McPherson, Tom Chau, Elaine Widgett, Darcy Fehlings, Golda Milo-Manson
Purpose The purpose of this paper is to describe how an Academic Health Science Centre, providing pediatric rehabilitation services, research, and education, developed a Centres for Leadership (CfL) initiative to integrate its academic functions and embrace the goal of being a learning organization. Design/methodology/approach Historical documents, tracked output information, and staff members' insights were used to describe the ten-year evolution of the initiative, its benefits, and transformational learnings for the organization...
May 15, 2017: Journal of Health Organization and Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28683162/an-observational-study-of-microcirculation-in-dialysis-patients-and-kidney-transplant-recipients
#17
Yu Chang Yeh, Anne Chao, Chih-Yaun Lee, Chen-Tse Lee, Chi-Chuan Yeh, Chih-Min Liu, Meng-Kun Tsai
BACKGROUND: Microcirculatory dysfunction contributes to acute and chronic kidney diseases. To the best of our knowledge, no study has compared differences in microcirculation among healthy volunteers, dialysis patients, and kidney transplant recipients. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Sublingual microcirculation was examined using sidestream dark field imaging and was compared among 90 healthy volunteers, 40 dialysis patients, and 40 kidney transplant recipients. The gender effect on microcirculation and the correlations among the microcirculation parameters, age, body mass index, heart rate, and blood pressure were analyzed...
July 6, 2017: European Journal of Clinical Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28682837/closed-loop-and-decision-assist-guided-fluid-therapy-of-human-hemorrhage
#18
Gabriel Hundeshagen, George C Kramer, Nicole Ribeiro Marques, Michael G Salter, Aristides K Koutrouvelis, Husong Li, Daneshvari R Solanki, Alexander Indrikovs, Roger Seeton, Sheryl N Henkel, Michael P Kinsky
OBJECTIVES: We sought to evaluate the efficacy, efficiency, and physiologic consequences of automated, endpoint-directed resuscitation systems and compare them to formula-based bolus resuscitation. DESIGN: Experimental human hemorrhage and resuscitation. SETTING: Clinical Research Laboratory. SUBJECTS: Healthy volunteers. INTERVENTIONS: Subjects (n = 7) were subjected to hemorrhage and underwent a randomized fluid resuscitation scheme on separate visits 1) formula-based bolus resuscitation; 2) semiautonomous (decision assist) fluid administration; and 3) fully autonomous (closed loop) resuscitation...
July 4, 2017: Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28680274/development-and-pre-testing-of-a-rehabilitation-planning-consultation-for-head-and-neck-cancer
#19
S McEwen, C Dunphy, J Norman Rios, A Davis, J Jones, A Lam, I Poon, R Martino, J Ringash
BACKGROUND: In contrast with other major chronic conditions such as heart disease and stroke, cancer care does not routinely integrate evidence-based rehabilitation services within the standard continuum. The objectives of the present project were to develop a rehabilitation planning consultation (rpc) for survivors of head-and-neck (hn) cancer, to test its feasibility, and to make refinements. METHODS: Using intervention mapping, the rpc-alpha was developed by examining potential theoretical methods and practical applications relative to the program objectives...
June 2017: Current Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28678353/feedback-field-control-improves-the-precision-of-t2-quantification-at-7%C3%A2-t
#20
Michael Wyss, Yolanda Duerst, Daniel Nanz, Lars Kasper, Bertram Jakob Wilm, Benjamin Emmanuel Dietrich, Simon Gross, Thomas Schmid, David Otto Brunner, Klaas Paul Pruessmann
T2 * mapping offers access to a number of important structural and physiological tissue parameters. It is robust against RF field variations and overall signal scaling. However, T2 * measurement is highly sensitive to magnetic field errors, including perturbations caused by breathing motion at high baseline field. The goal of this work is to assess this issue in T2 * mapping of the brain and to study the benefit of field stabilization by feedback field control. T2 * quantification in the brain was investigated by phantom and in vivo measurements at 7 T...
July 5, 2017: NMR in Biomedicine
keyword
keyword
28670
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"