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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728380/effects-of-different-space-allowances-on-growth-performance-blood-profile-and-pork-quality-in-a-grow-to-finish-production-system
#1
J C Jang, X H Jin, J S Hong, Y Y Kim
Objective: This experiment was conducted to evaluate the optimal space allowance on growth performance, blood profile and pork quality of growing-finishing pigs. Methods: A total of ninety crossbred pigs ([Yorkshire x Landrace] x Duroc, 30.25 ± 1.13 kg) were allocated into three treatments (0.96: four pigs / pen, 0.96 m2/pig; 0.80: five pigs / pen, 0.80 m2/pig; 0.69: six pigs / pen, 0.69 m2/pig) in a randomized complete block (RCB) design. Pigs were housed in balanced sex and had free access to feed in all phases for 14 weeks (growing phase I, growing phase II, finishing phase I and finishing phase II)...
June 26, 2017: Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728334/wide-awake-hand-surgery
#2
Dong-Chul Lee
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2017: Archives of Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728259/-impact-of-allergic-airway-diseases-on-risk-of-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-in-school-age-children
#3
X D Jiang, C Shen, K Li, Y T Ji, S H Li, F Jiang, X M Shen, F Li, Y Hu
Objective: To investigate the impact of allergic airway diseases on the risk of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) in school-age children. Method: Used stratified cluster sampling method, school-age children in first to sixth grade in primary schools in 9 randomly selected cities including Shanghai, Guangzhou, Xi'an, and Wuhan were enrolled in the study. Interview of parents with questionnaires, which included school-age individual and family social environment questionnaire (including history of diagnosed ADHD, allergic rhinitis, and bronchial asthma) and Children's Sleep Habits Questionnaire (CSHQ), were finished and collected during November to December in 2005...
July 2, 2017: Zhonghua Er Ke za Zhi. Chinese Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728185/novel-presenting-phenotype-in-a-child-with-autosomal-dominant-best-s-vitelliform-macular-dystrophy
#4
Yasmine F Abdalla, Gabriella De Salvo, Ahmad Elsahn, James E Self
Best's macular dystrophy (BMD) usually manifests with visual failure in the first or second decade of life; however, there is a large variability in expressivity of the disease, and some patients have no manifestation other than a pathological electro-oculogram (EOG). Autosomal dominant Best's vitelliform macular dystrophy (AD-BVMD) has a very specific phenotype that varies with the stage of the disease. In recent years, the authors have seen description of another clinical entity known as autosomal recessive BMD...
July 1, 2017: Ophthalmic Surgery, Lasers & Imaging Retina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728062/investigation-of-factors-affecting-the-injury-severity-of-single-vehicle-rollover-crashes-a-random-effects-generalized-ordered-probit-model
#5
Alireza Jafari Anarkooli, Mehdi Hosseinpour, Adele Kardar
Rollover crashes are responsible for a notable number of serious injuries and fatalities; hence, they are of great concern to transportation officials and safety researchers. However, only few published studies have analyzed the factors associated with severity outcomes of rollover crashes. This research has two objectives. The first objective is to investigate the effects of various factors, of which some have been rarely reported in the existing studies, on the injury severities of single-vehicle (SV) rollover crashes based on six-year crash data collected on the Malaysian federal roads...
July 17, 2017: Accident; Analysis and Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727993/how-do-nurse-practitioners-work-in-primary-health-care-settings-a-scoping-review
#6
REVIEW
Julian Grant, Lauren Lines, Philip Darbyshire, Yvonne Parry
OBJECTIVES: This scoping review explores the work of nurse practitioners in primary health care settings in developed countries and critiques their contribution to improved health outcomes. DESIGN: A scoping review design was employed and included development of a research question, identification of potentially relevant studies, selection of relevant studies, charting data, collating, summarising and reporting findings. An additional step was added to evaluate the methodological rigor of each study...
June 28, 2017: International Journal of Nursing Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727921/effect-of-lysophosphatidylglycerol-on-intracellular-free-ca2-concentration-in-a10-vascular-smooth-muscle-cells
#7
Ying Zhang, Jing-Dian Zhang, Ming-Qin Zhu, Ming Zhang, Yan-Jun Xu, Li Cui, Naranjan S Dhalla
Although plasma levels of lysophosphatidylglycerol (LPG) are increased in hypertension, its role in the pathogenesis of vascular defects is not clear. In view of the importance of Ca2+-overload in causing vascular smooth muscle (VSM) dysfunction, the action of LPG on [Ca2+]i in cultured A10 VSM cell line was examined by using Fura 2-AM acetoxymethyl ester technique. LPG was found to induce a concentration-dependent increase in [Ca2+]i in VSM cells. This change was dependent both on the extracellular and intracellular Ca2+ sources as it was reduced by 30% by EGTA, an extracellular Ca2+ chelator, and 70% by tharpsigargin, a sarcoplasmic reticulum (SR) Ca2+-pump inhibitor...
July 20, 2017: Canadian Journal of Physiology and Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727890/surfactant-concentration-and-type-affects-the-removal-of-escherichia-coli-from-pig-skin-during-a-simulated-handwash
#8
Dane A Jensen, Michael A Rogers, Donald W Schaffner
The effect of surfactant type and concentration on a bland soap formulations ability to remove bacteria from hands remains largely unstudied. Several combinations of surfactants and water were combined to test bacterial removal efficacy using a handwashing device (two pieces of pig skin and a mechanical motor) to simulate a handwash. A nalidixic acid resistant, non-pathogenic strain of Escherichia coli (ATCC 11229) was used. Two anionic surfactants, sodium lauryl sulfate and sodium stearoyl lactylate, and two nonionic surfactants, poloxamer 407 and sorbitan monostearate, each in concentrations of 2%, 5%, and 10% were studied...
July 20, 2017: Letters in Applied Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727830/the-receptor-tyrosine-kinase-axl-promotes-migration-and-invasion-in-colorectal-cancer
#9
Diana J Uribe, Edward K Mandell, Adam Watson, Jesse D Martinez, Jonathan A Leighton, Sourav Ghosh, Carla V Rothlin
The receptor tyrosine kinases (RTKs) TYRO3, AXL and MERTK (TAM) have well-described oncogenic functions in a number of cancers. Notwithstanding, TAM RTKs are also potent and indispensable inhibitors of inflammation. The combined deletion of Axl and Mertk in mice enhances chronic inflammation and autoimmunity, including increased inflammation in the gut and colitis-associated cancer. On the other hand, deletion of Tyro3 increases the risk of allergic responses. Therefore, the indiscriminate inhibition of these TAM RTKs could result in undesirable immunological diseases...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727770/cerebrospinal-fluid-humoral-immunity-in-the-differential-diagnosis-of-multiple-sclerosis
#10
Evanthia Bernitsas, Omar Khan, Sara Razmjou, Alexandros Tselis, Fen Bao, Christina Caon, Scott Millis, Navid Seraji-Bozorgzad
BACKGROUND: The diagnostic accuracy of cerebrospinal fluid oligoclonal bands (CSF-OCB) detected by isoelectric focusing (IEF) in patients with multiple sclerosis (MS) was evaluated in our study. METHODS: Three hundred and twenty-one patients with MS and other central nervous system (CNS) immune mediated disorders were assessed (CIMD). Cerebrospinal fluid and matched serum samples were examined for the presence of OCB by IEF-IB (isoelectric focusing with immunoblotting)...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727676/association-between-diabetes-mellitus-and-outcomes-of-patients-with-sepsis-a-meta-analysis
#11
Zhiwei Wang, Jianan Ren, Gefei Wang, Qinjie Liu, Kun Guo, Jieshou Li
BACKGROUND Diabetes mellitus (DM) is a critical medical problem that can make people more likely to develop infectious complications, even sepsis. However, the influence of DM on the outcomes of septic patients is still controversial. Thus, we conducted the present meta-analysis to investigate whether DM worsens outcomes of septic patients. MATERIAL AND METHODS We searched studies from PubMed, Embase, and Cochrane Library databases from 1966 to July 1, 2016. The primary outcome we chose was 28-day or 30-day mortality or in-hospital mortality...
July 20, 2017: Medical Science Monitor: International Medical Journal of Experimental and Clinical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727441/adsorption-induced-changes-of-human-hemoglobin-on-ferric-pyrophosphate-nanoparticle-surface-probed-by-isotope-exchange-mass-spectrometry-an-implication-on-structure-function-correlation
#12
Bindu Y Srinivasu, Beena Bose, Gopa Mitra, Anura V Kurpad, Amit Kumar Mandal
In general, proteins in the biological system interact with nanoparticles (NPs) via adsorption on the particle surface. Understanding the adsorption at molecular level is crucial to explore NP-protein interactions. The increasing concerns about the risk to human health on NP exposure have been explored through the discovery of a handful protein biomarkers and biochemical analysis. However, detailed information on structural perturbation and associated functional changes of proteins on interaction with NPs is limited...
July 20, 2017: Langmuir: the ACS Journal of Surfaces and Colloids
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727099/identification-of-differentially-expressed-proteins-in-testicular-semen-of-sex-reversed-female-xx-and-normal-male-xy-rainbow-trout
#13
J Nynca, M Adamek, A Ciereszko
Masculinized females, named sex-reversed females (SRF), have a male phenotype but retain the female genotype (XX) and all spermatozoa produced in their testes carry the X chromosome. Masculinization of females leads to incomplete testicular development and the production of lower-quality semen. The mechanism of masculinization is unknown at present. Therefore, the aim of our study was to identify differentially abundant proteins in testicular semen of normal males and SRF using a difference in-gel electrophoresis approach...
July 2017: Journal of Animal Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28726976/absence-of-transforming-growth-factor-beta-1-in-murine-platelets-reduces-neointima-formation-without-affecting-arterial-thrombosis
#14
Katrin Schaefer, Eva Schütz, Magdalena L Bochenek, Dennis R Riehl, Markus Bosmann, Thomas Münzel, Stavros Konstantinides, Katrin Schäfer
Platelet degranulation at the site of vascular injury prevents bleeding and may affect the chronic vascular wound healing response. Transforming Growth Factor (TGF)-β1 is a major component of platelet α-granules known to accumulating in thrombi. It was our aim to determine the role of TGFβ1 released from activated platelets for neointima formation following arterial injury and thrombosis. Mice with platelet-specific deletion of TGFβ1 (Plt.TGFβ-KO) underwent carotid artery injury. Immunoassays confirmed the absence of active TGFβ1 in platelet releasates and plasma of Plt...
July 20, 2017: Thrombosis and Haemostasis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28726906/influence-of-local-structure-on-photoluminescence-properties-of-eu-3-doped-ceo2-red-phosphors-through-induced-oxygen-vacancies-by-contrasting-rare-earth-substitutions
#15
Athira K V Raj, P Prabhakar Rao, T S Sreena, T R Aju Thara
A new family of red phosphors, Ce0.9-xRExO2-δ:0.1Eu(3+) (RE = Y and La; x = 0, 0.20, 0.40, 0.60, 0.80, and 0.90), was synthesized by a conventional solid-state route. The influence of contrasting rare earth substitutions (Y and La) in the system was investigated on the local structure and associated photoluminescence properties by various characterization techniques. Both trivalent ion substitutions lead to the same kind of variation during phase transformation from fluorite to the respective parent oxide structure (x ≥ 0...
July 20, 2017: Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics: PCCP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28726829/experimental-signatures-of-the-mixed-axial-gravitational-anomaly-in-the-weyl-semimetal-nbp
#16
Johannes Gooth, Anna C Niemann, Tobias Meng, Adolfo G Grushin, Karl Landsteiner, Bernd Gotsmann, Fabian Menges, Marcus Schmidt, Chandra Shekhar, Vicky Süß, Ruben Hühne, Bernd Rellinghaus, Claudia Felser, Binghai Yan, Kornelius Nielsch
The conservation laws, such as those of charge, energy and momentum, have a central role in physics. In some special cases, classical conservation laws are broken at the quantum level by quantum fluctuations, in which case the theory is said to have quantum anomalies. One of the most prominent examples is the chiral anomaly, which involves massless chiral fermions. These particles have their spin, or internal angular momentum, aligned either parallel or antiparallel with their linear momentum, labelled as left and right chirality, respectively...
July 19, 2017: Nature
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28726812/a-patient-with-germ-line-gain-of-function-pdgfrb-p-n666h-mutation-and-marked-clinical-response-to-imatinib
#17
Dinel Pond, Florence A Arts, Nancy J Mendelsohn, Jean-Baptiste Demoulin, Gunter Scharer, Yoav Messinger
PurposeHeterozygous germ-line activating mutations in PDGFRB cause Kosaki and Penttinen syndromes and myofibromatosis. We describe a 10-year-old child with a germ-line PDGFRB p.N666H mutation who responded to the tyrosine kinase inhibitor imatinib by inhibition of PDGFRB.MethodsThe impact of p.N666H on PDGFRB function and sensitivity to imatinib was studied in cell culture.ResultsCells expressing the p.N666H mutation showed constitutive PDGFRB tyrosine phosphorylation. PDGF-independent proliferation was abolished by imatinib at 1 μM concentration...
July 20, 2017: Genetics in Medicine: Official Journal of the American College of Medical Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28726732/characterization-of-the-dioscorin-gene-family-in-dioscorea-alata-reveals-a-role-in-tuber-development-and-environmental-response
#18
Linya Liu, Yacheng Huang, Xiaolong Huang, Jianghua Yang, Wenqiang Wu, Yun Xu, Ziwen Cong, Jun Xie, Wei Xia, Dongyi Huang
Dioscorin is one of the major soluble proteins in yam tubers. Unlike other well-known plant storage proteins, such as patatin and sporamin, dioscorin is argued for its function as storage proteins, and the molecular mechanisms underlying its expressional complexity are little understood. In this study, we isolated five dioscorin genes from Dioscorea alata L., comprising three class A (Da-dio1, -3 and -4) and two class B (Da-dio2 and -5) isoforms. Expressions of all dioscorin genes gradually decreased in mother tubers during yam sprouting and regrowth...
July 20, 2017: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28726722/comparison-of-the-results-of-studies-of-air-pollution-fungi-using-the-sas-super-100-mas-100-and-air-ideal
#19
Cecylia Łukaszuk, Elżbieta Krajewska-Kułak, Andrzej Guzowski, Wojciech Kułak, Bogumiła Kraszyńska
Although several air sampling devices for identifying and enumerating airborne microorganisms are commercially available, each poses some limitations. The aim of this study was to evaluate air pollution fungi using three such samplers: SAS Super 100, Microbiological Air Sampler (MAS) 100, and Air IDEAL. Mycological air was taken from the cellars of a 17th-century church in Siemiatycze, Poland, and the nearby outdoor environment. With samplers placed 1.5 m above the floor, microbial flora in air samples collected inside and outside the cellar were detected...
July 20, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28726652/investigation-of-bone-mineralization-in-patients-with-coronary-heart-disease-complicated-by-chronic-heart-failure-stage-ii-a
#20
I Krynytska, M Marushchak, T Zaets, I Savchenko, H Habor
The majority of the studies have shown that individuals with cardiovascular diseases have a higher risk of experiencing bone loss and thus greater predisposition to risk of fracture. On the other hand there is growing evidence that individuals with low bone mass have higher mortality for cardiovascular events compared to patients with cardiovascular disease with normal bone mass. This research aims to investigate bone mineralization in patients with coronary heart disease complicated by stage II-A chronic heart failure...
June 2017: Georgian Medical News
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