keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Hand

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28109007/retinoic-acid-inducible-gene-i-rig-i-like-receptors-rlrs-in-fish-current-knowledge-and-future-perspectives
#1
REVIEW
Shan Nan Chen, Peng Fei Zou, Pin Nie
Retinoic acid-inducible gene I (RIG-I)-like receptors (RLRs) are found conservatively present in teleost fish. All three members, RIG-I, MDA5 and LGP2 together with the downstream molecules such as MITA, TRAF3 and TBK1 have been identified in a range of fish species. However, it is a bit unexpected that RIG-I has not been reported in fish of Acanthopterygii, and it would be important to clarify the presence and role of RIG-I gene in a broad range of taxa in Teleostei. RLRs in fish can be induced in vivo and in vitro by viral pathogens as well as synthetic double-stranded RNA (dsRNA), poly(I:C), leading to the production of type I IFNs and the expression of IFN stimulated genes (ISGs)...
January 20, 2017: Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28108972/a-comparison-of-the-sensitivity-stability-and-reliability-of-three-diagnostic-schemes-for-hiv-associated-neurocognitive-disorders
#2
Savanna M Tierney, David P Sheppard, Victoria M Kordovski, Marika P Faytell, Gunes Avci, Steven Paul Woods
HIV-associated neurocognitive disorders (HAND) occur in approximately 50% of HIV-infected individuals, yet available diagnostic criteria yield varying prevalence rates. This study examined the frequency, reliability, and sensitivity to everyday functioning problems of three HAND diagnostic criteria (DSM-5, Frascati, Gisslén). Participants included 361 adults with HIV disease and 199 seronegative adults. Neurocognitive status as defined by each of the three diagnostic systems was determined via a comprehensive neuropsychological battery...
January 20, 2017: Journal of Neurovirology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28108961/effects-of-negatively-and-positively-charged-ti-metal-surfaces-on-ceramic-coating-adhesion-and-cell-response
#3
Rodney Marcelo do Nascimento, Vanessa Rafaela de Carvalho, José Silvio Govone, Antônio Carlos Hernandes, Nilson Cristino da Cruz
This manuscript reports an evaluation of the effects of simple chemical-heat treatments on the deposition of different ceramic coatings, i.e., TiO2, CaTiO3 and CaP, on commercially pure titanium (cp-Ti) and Ti6Al4V and the influence of the coatings on cells interaction with the surfaces. The ceramic materials were prepared by the sol-gel method and the coating adhesion was analyzed by pull-off bending tests. The wettability of positively or negatively charged surfaces was characterized by contact angle measurements, which also enabled the calculation of the surface free energy through the polar-apolar liquids approach...
February 2017: Journal of Materials Science. Materials in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28108876/concordance-between-self-report-and-performance-based-measures-of-everyday-functioning-in-hiv-associated-neurocognitive-disorders
#4
Talia N Shirazi, Angela C Summers, Bryan R Smith, Sally R Steinbach, Suad Kapetanovic, Avindra Nath, Joseph Snow
Self-report is typically used to differentiate between asymptomatic neurocognitive impairment (ANI) and mild neurocognitive disorder (MND) in the assessment of HIV-associated neurocognitive disorders (HAND). Yet, it is unclear whether the lack of self-reported functional impairments in individuals with ANI is indicative of a genuine absence of functional impairment, or of inaccurate self-reports. In the present study, we examined the relationship between previously validated self-report (patient's assessment of own functioning inventory; instrumental activities of daily living inventory) and performance-based (the Texas Functional Living Scale) measures of functional abilities in 112 virologically-controlled HIV-infected, and 40 well-matched, HIV-uninfected participants...
January 20, 2017: AIDS and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28108845/liver-involvement-in-congenital-disorders-of-glycosylation-cdg-a-systematic-review-of-the-literature
#5
REVIEW
D Marques-da-Silva, V Dos Reis Ferreira, M Monticelli, P Janeiro, P A Videira, P Witters, J Jaeken, D Cassiman
Congenital disorders of glycosylation (CDG) are a rapidly growing family of genetic diseases caused by defects in glycosylation. Nearly 100 CDG types are known so far. Patients present a great phenotypic diversity ranging from poly- to mono-organ/system involvement and from very mild to extremely severe presentation. In this literature review, we summarize the liver involvement reported in CDG patients. Although liver involvement is present in only a minority of the reported CDG types (22 %), it can be debilitating or even life-threatening...
January 20, 2017: Journal of Inherited Metabolic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28108833/soft-tissue-substitutes-in-non-root-coverage-procedures-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#6
REVIEW
Kristina Bertl, Maximilian Melchard, Nikolaos Pandis, Michael Müller-Kern, Andreas Stavropoulos
OBJECTIVES: The present systematic review compared the effectiveness of soft tissue substitutes (STSs) and autogenous free gingival grafts (FGGs) in non-root-coverage procedures to increase keratinized tissue (KT) width around teeth. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Included studies fulfilled the following main eligibility criteria: (a) preclinical in vivo or human controlled trials using FGG as control, (b) non-root-coverage procedures, and (c) assessment of KT width. Meta-analysis was performed on the gain in KT width (primary outcome variable) and several secondary variables...
January 20, 2017: Clinical Oral Investigations
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28108818/association-between-bone-scan-index-and-activities-of-daily-living-in-patients-with-advanced-non-small-cell-lung-cancer
#7
Ikuno Ito, Kimiteru Ito, Shinichi Takahashi, Mitsuko Horibe, Rui Karita, Chika Nishizaka, Takako Nagai, Kohei Hamada, Hiroyuki Sato, Naoko Shindo
PURPOSE: The aim of this retrospective cross-sectional study was to investigate the association between the bone scan index (BSI) and activities of daily living (ADL) in patients with advanced non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). METHODS: Among patients with advanced NSCLC, subjects who underwent bone scintigraphy were recruited from this study. Clinical information about patients, including the Barthel Index of ADL, was extracted from their medical charts. Variables including the age, sex, BSI, presence/absence skeletal-related events (SREs), diagnostic state (initial vs...
January 20, 2017: Supportive Care in Cancer: Official Journal of the Multinational Association of Supportive Care in Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28108741/metabolism-toxicity-and-anticancer-activities-of-arsenic-compounds
#8
Islam Khairul, Qian Qian Wang, Yu Han Jiang, Chao Wang, Hua Naranmandura
A variety of studies indicated that inorganic arsenic and its methylated metabolites have paradoxical effects, namely, carcinogenic and anticancer effects. Epidemiological studies have shown that long term exposure to arsenic can increase the risk of cancers of lung, skin or bladder in man, which is probably associated with the arsenic metabolism. In fact, the enzymatic conversion of inorganic arsenic by Arsenic (+3 oxidation state) methyltransferase (AS3MT) to mono- and dimethylated arsenic species has long been considered as a major route for detoxification...
January 18, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28108733/systematic-analysis-of-molecular-mechanisms-for-hcc-metastasis-via-text-mining-approach
#9
Cheng Zhen, Caizhong Zhu, Haoyang Chen, Yiru Xiong, Junyuan Tan, Dong Chen, Jin Li
OBJECTIVE: To systematically explore the molecular mechanism for hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) metastasis and identify regulatory genes with text mining methods. RESULTS: Genes with highest frequencies and significant pathways related to HCC metastasis were listed. A handful of proteins such as EGFR, MDM2, TP53 and APP, were identified as hub nodes in PPI (protein-protein interaction) network. Compared with unique genes for HBV-HCCs, genes particular to HCV-HCCs were less, but may participate in more extensive signaling processes...
January 17, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28108414/the-macaque-lateral-grasping-network-a-neural-substrate-for-generating-purposeful-hand-actions
#10
REVIEW
Elena Borra, Marzio Gerbella, Stefano Rozzi, Giuseppe Luppino
In primates, neural mechanisms for controlling skilled hand actions primarily rely on sensorimotor transformations. These transformations are mediated by circuits linking specific inferior parietal with ventral premotor areas in which sensory coding of objects' features automatically trigger appropriate hand motor programs. Recently, connectional studies in macaques showed that these parietal and premotor areas are nodes of a large-scale cortical network, designated as "lateral grasping network," including specific temporal and prefrontal sectors involved in object recognition and executive functions, respectively...
January 17, 2017: Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28108385/seeing-an-embodied-virtual-hand-is-analgesic-contingent-on-co-location
#11
Birgit Nierula, Matteo Martini, Marta Matamala-Gomez, Mel Slater, Maria V Sanchez-Vives
: Seeing one's own body has been reported to have analgesic properties. Analgesia has also been described when seeing an embodied virtual body co-located with the real one. However, there is a controversy regarding whether this effect holds true when seeing an illusory-owned body part, such as during the rubber-hand illusion. A critical difference between these paradigms is the distance between real and surrogate body part. Co-location of real arm and surrogate is possible in an immersive virtual environment, but not during illusory ownership of a rubber arm...
January 17, 2017: Journal of Pain: Official Journal of the American Pain Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28108380/the-taste-of-heat-how-humoral-qualities-act-as-a-cultural-filter-for-chemosensory-properties-guiding-herbal-medicine
#12
Matthias S Geck, Stefano Cabras, Laura Casu, Alberto J Reyes García, Marco Leonti
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Organoleptic properties, and more specifically chemosensory cues, have been shown to guide therapeutic applications of medicinal plants. Humoral qualities, on the other hand, are widely believed to be an abstract concept, mainly applied post hoc to validate therapy. However, the nexus between humoral qualities, chemosensory properties, and medicinal plant uses has never been systematically assessed. AIM OF THE STUDY: To systematically analyse the correlations between chemosensory properties, humoral qualities, and medicinal uses of selected botanical drugs...
January 17, 2017: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28108342/effects-of-dietary-lactobacillus-plantarum-in-different-treatments-on-growth-performance-and-immune-gene-expression-of-white-shrimp-litopenaeus-vannamei-under-normal-condition-and-stress-of-acute-low-salinity
#13
Xiao-Ting Zheng, Ya-Fei Duan, Hong-Biao Dong, Jia-Song Zhang
A 45-day feeding trial followed by an acute stress test of low salinity was done to evaluate effects of Lactobacillus plantarum on growth performance and anti-stress capability of white shrimp (Litopenaeus vannamei). Shrimp were randomly allocated in 15 tanks (100 shrimp per tank) and divided into 5 treatments with 3 replicates. Triplicate tanks were fed with a control diet or diets containing different treatments of L. plantarum (fermentation supernatant (FS), live bacteria (LB), dead bacteria (DB) and cell-free extract (CE) of L...
January 17, 2017: Fish & Shellfish Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28108326/neuromolecular-correlates-of-cooperation-and-conflict-during-territory-defense-in-a-cichlid-fish
#14
Chelsea A Weitekamp, Hans A Hofmann
Cooperative behavior is widespread among animals, yet the neural mechanisms have not been studied in detail. We examined cooperative territory defense behavior and associated neural activity in candidate forebrain regions in the cichlid fish, Astatotilapia burtoni. We find that a territorial male neighbor will engage in territory defense dependent on the perceived threat of the intruder. The resident male, on the other hand, engages in defense based on the size and behavior of his partner, the neighbor. In the neighbor, we find that an index of engagement correlates with neural activity in the putative homolog of the mammalian basolateral amygdala and in the preoptic area, as well as in preoptic dopaminergic neurons...
January 17, 2017: Hormones and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28108140/steroid-treatment-in-ocular-tuberculosis-a-double-edged-sword
#15
S Souissi, T David, L Beral
INTRODUCTION: We report the case of a Caribbean patient with an atypical presentation of bilateral tuberculous chorioretinopathy. PATIENT AND METHODS: A 57-year-old woman, with hypertension and non-insulin dependent diabetes, was referred to our center for a sudden loss of vision in the right eye to hand motions. Ophthalmic examination revealed only right papilledema. Brain magnetic resonance imaging was normal. Laboratory examination revealed no signs of inflammation...
January 17, 2017: Journal Français D'ophtalmologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28108068/challenges-training-left-handed-surgeons
#16
Maia Anderson, Erica Carballo, David Hughes, Christopher Behrer, Rishindra M Reddy
BACKGROUND: Being left-handed (LH) is considered a disadvantage in surgical training. We sought to understand the perspectives of LH trainees and surgical educators on the challenges and modifications in training LH surgeons. METHODS: A survey was distributed to surgeons, surgical residents, and medical students about challenges teaching and learning surgical technique. RESULTS: 25 LH surgeons, 65 right-handed (RH) surgeons, and 39 LH trainees completed the survey...
December 31, 2016: American Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28107959/use-of-quantum-dot-beads-labeled-monoclonal-antibody-to-improve-the-sensitivity-of-a-quantitative-and-simultaneous-immunochromatographic-assay-for-neuron-specific-enolase-and-carcinoembryonic-antigen
#17
Kun Xiao, Kan Wang, Weijian Qin, Yafei Hou, Wenting Lu, Hao Xu, Yan Wo, Daxiang Cui
Detection of multiplex tumor markers was of great importance for cancer diagnosis. Immunochromatographic test strip (ICTS) was the most frequently-used point-of-care detection means. Herein, a convenient and fast method for simultaneous quantitative detection of neuron specific enolase (NSE) and carcinoembryonic antigen (CEA) was developed based on ICTS using quantum dot beads (QBs) as marking material. Good monodispersity, high colloidal stability and carboxyl-modified (COOH-) QBs were used. For this method, two test lines were applied to the NC membrane for simultaneous analysis of CEA and NSE respectively...
March 1, 2017: Talanta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28107873/situation-analysis-of-cutaneous-leishmaniasis-in-an-endemic-area-south-of-iran
#18
Mansour Nazari, Saman Nazari, Ahmad Ali Hanafi-Bojd, Ali Najafi, Sasan Nazari
OBJECTIVE: To update current situation of the cutaneous leishmaniasis (CL) in Kazerun County, southwest of Iran and to analyse the epidemiological aspects of the disease during 2005-2015. METHODS: Data on CL were obtained from the Health Center of Kazerun County, and then were analysed and mapped using SPSS and Arc GIS 10.3. RESULTS: A total of 700 cases of CL were recorded during the study period with an overall decreasing trend from 2005 to 2015...
January 2017: Asian Pacific Journal of Tropical Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28107764/endoscopic-ultrasound-guided-biliary-access-versus-precut-papillotomy-in-patients-with-failed-biliary-cannulation-a-retrospective-study
#19
Alexander Lee, Anupam Aditi, Yasser M Bhat, Kenneth F Binmoeller, Chris Hamerski, Oriol Sendino, Steve Kane, John P Cello, Lukejohn W Day, Medi Mohamadnejad, V Raman Muthusamy, Rabindra Watson, Jason B Klapman, Sri Komanduri, Sachin Wani, Janak N Shah
Background and aims Precut papillotomy is widely used after failed biliary cannulation. Endoscopic ultrasound (EUS)-guided biliary access techniques are newer methods to facilitate access and therapy in failed cannulation. We evaluated the impact of EUS-guided biliary access on endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) success and compared these techniques to precut papillotomy. Patients and methods We retrospectively compared two ERCP cohorts. One cohort consisted of biliary ERCPs (n = 1053) attempted in patients with native papillae and surgically unaltered anatomy in whom precut papillotomy and/or EUS-guided biliary access were routinely performed immediately after failed cannulation...
January 20, 2017: Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28107760/intraneural-ganglion-cyst-of-the-ulnar-nerve-in-an-unusual-location-a-case-report
#20
Ufuk Öztürk, Ahmet Salduz, Mehmet Demirel, Tuna Pehlivanoğlu, Sevan Sivacioğlu
INTRODUCTION: Intraneural ganglion cysts are benign, mucinous, non-neoplastic lesions of the peripheral nerves. While the most common location of intraneural ganglion cysts is the ulnar nerve and its branches, intraneural ganglion cyst involving the superficial branch of the ulnar nerve has not yet been reported. PRESENTATION OF CASE: A-25-year-old woman presented with pain and a palpable mass in the hypothenar region of the volar side of her right hand. Her neuromuscular examination was normal...
January 5, 2017: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
keyword
keyword
2867
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"