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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28899923/a-retrospective-analysis-of-34-potentially-missed-cases-of-female-genital-mutilation-in-the-emergency-department
#1
Richard John Fawcett, George Kernohan
OBJECTIVES: To discover if healthcare professionals working within an ED are able to make a diagnosis of female genital mutilation (FGM) in those patients who have previously undergone the procedure and report it as per UK law. DESIGN: A retrospective analysis of patients' notes who were assigned an FGM code during the period of May 2015 to August 2016. SETTING: Single-centre, large UK major trauma centre offering a tertiary FGM clinic. PARTICIPANTS: Any woman coded during the study period as having undergone FGM...
September 12, 2017: Emergency Medicine Journal: EMJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28889193/are-obstetric-outcomes-affected-by-female-genital-mutilation
#2
Aswini A Balachandran, Swapna Duvalla, Abdul H Sultan, Ranee Thakar
INTRODUCTION AND HYPOTHESIS: Female genital mutilation (FGM) has been associated with adverse obstetric and neonatal outcomes, such as postpartum haemorrhage (PPH), perineal trauma, genital fistulae, obstructed labour and stillbirth. The prevalence of FGM has increased in the UK over the last decade. There are currently no studies available that have explored the obstetric impact of FGM in the UK. The aim of our study was to investigate the obstetric and neonatal outcomes of women with FGM when compared with the general population...
September 9, 2017: International Urogynecology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28886712/the-effect-of-alphacypermethrin-treated-mesh-protection-against-african-horse-sickness-virus-vectors-on-jet-stall-microclimate-clinical-variables-and-faecal-glucocorticoid-metabolites-of-horses
#3
Patrick Page, Andre Ganswindt, Johan Schoeman, Gert Venter, Alan Guthrie
BACKGROUND: African horse sickness (AHS) is of importance to health and international trade in horses worldwide. During export from and transit through AHS endemic countries or zones, physical and chemical measures to protect horses from the vectors of AHS virus (AHSV) are recommended by the World Organization for Animal Health. Protection of containerized air transport systems for horses (jet stalls) with alphacypermethrin insecticide-treated high density polyethylene mesh is effective in reducing the Culicoides midge vector attack rate...
September 9, 2017: BMC Veterinary Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28885779/the-global-challenge-to-improve-the-sexual-and-reproductive-health-of-women-affected-by-fgm-c
#4
Mary McCauley
Against a background of an increasing demand for surgical intervention for the treatment of FGM/C related complications, Berg et al<comment> Note for typesetter: Please update reference when assigned to an issue.</comment> have conducted a systematic review of 62 studies involving 5829 women, to assess the effectiveness of defibulation, excision of cysts and clitoral reconstructive surgery. Berg et al report that defibulation showed a lower risk of Caesarean section and perineal tears; excision of cysts commonly resulted in resolution of symptoms; and clitoral reconstruction resulted in most women self-reporting improvements in their sexual health...
September 8, 2017: BJOG: An International Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28870818/-fatal-female-genital-mutilation-in-a-10-year-old-girl
#5
A Sow, G Diagne, Y Keita, O Sow, A Ndiath, A Ouattara, M-L Sarr, A Sylla, C Moreira
Female genital mutilation (FGM) comprises all procedures involving partial or total removal of the external genitalia and/or any other procedures affecting the female genitalia, for cultural or religious reasons or for nontherapeutic purposes in general. FGM is responsible for a number of short-, medium-, and long-term complications that can engage the vital and functional prognosis, especially in African countries. We report on a case in a 10-year-old girl who underwent genital mutilation, a traditional type of total excision during the neonatal period...
September 1, 2017: Archives de Pédiatrie: Organe Officiel de la Sociéte Française de Pédiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28854947/effect-of-female-genital-mutilation-cutting-types-i-and-ii-on-sexual-function-case-controlled-study
#6
Sahar A Ismail, Ahmad M Abbas, Dina Habib, Hanan Morsy, Medhat A Saleh, Mustafa Bahloul
BACKGROUND: The existing literature is contradictory regarding effects of female genital mutilation/cutting (FGM/C) on sexual functions. The aim of this study was to explore the impact of type I and II FGM/C on sexual function of Egyptian women. METHODS: We recruited 197 cut women and 197 control women from those visiting Assiut University hospitals for different reasons. We asked each woman to fill the Arabic female sexual function index (FSFI) (a self reported 19-item questionnaire assessing the main domains of female sexual function)...
August 30, 2017: Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28841367/knowledge-attitude-and-experience-of-health-professionals-of-female-genital-mutilation-fgm-a-qualitative-study-in-iraqi-kurdistan-region
#7
Nazar P Shabila, Hamdia M Ahmed, Kolsoom Safar
We aimed to assess the knowledge, attitude, and experience of health professionals of female genital mutilation (FGM). The study involved content analysis of semi-structured interviews with 21 health professionals. The participants had poor knowledge regarding different aspects of FGM including its types, prevalence, and complications as well as the existing legislation which prohibits FGM. They believed that FGM is mainly practiced for religious reasons and to reduce sexual desire/arousal. Health professionals are apparently not involved in performing FGM, and they don't support its continuation...
August 25, 2017: Health Care for Women International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28835986/-complex-vulvar-reconstruction-following-female-genital-mutilation-cutting
#8
REVIEW
D M O'Dey
BACKGROUND: Female genital mutilation/cutting (FGM/C) is a worldwide problem affecting millions of women and is especially common in Africa and Arabia. Women suffer from serious physical and psychological problems. Anatomic reconstruction, therefore, is an important and life-changing option for many affected women. OBJECTIVES: This work gives a short overview of specialized techniques invented by the author for functional and aesthetic vulvar reconstruction following FGM/C...
August 23, 2017: Der Urologe. Ausg. A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28831872/female-genital-mutilation
#9
Erin Dean
Essential facts Female genital mutilation (FGM) is any procedure that removes all or part of the female genital organs for cultural or any other non-therapeutic reasons. FGM is a form of child abuse and gender violence against women. About 137,000 females in England and Wales have undergone it.
August 23, 2017: Nursing Standard
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28831251/pdgf-metronidazole-encapsulated-nanofibrous-functional-layers-on-collagen-membrane-promote-alveolar-ridge-regeneration
#10
Ming-Hua Ho, Hao-Chieh Chang, Yu-Chia Chang, Jeiannete Claudia, Tzu-Chiao Lin, Po-Chun Chang
This study aimed to develop a functionally graded membrane (FGM) to prevent infection and promote tissue regeneration. Poly(l-lactide-co-d,l-lactide) encapsulating platelet-derived growth factor (PDLLA-PDGF) or metronidazole (PDLLA-MTZ) was electrospun to form a nanofibrous layer on the inner or outer surface of a clinically available collagen membrane, respectively. The membrane was characterized for the morphology, molecule release profile, in vitro and in vivo biocompatibility, and preclinical efficiency for alveolar ridge regeneration...
2017: International Journal of Nanomedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28819891/optimizing-through-computational-modeling-to-reduce-dogboning-of-functionally-graded-coronary-stent-material
#11
Arezoo Khosravi, Amir Akbari, Hossein Bahreinizad, Milad Salimi Bani, Alireza Karimi
Coronary artery disease is the leading cause of death among the men and women. One of the most suitable treatments for this problem is balloon angioplasty with stenting. Functionally graded material (FGM) stents have shown suitable mechanical behavior in simulations. While their deformation was superior to uniform materials, the study was aimed at finding the most suitable configuration to reach the optimum performance. A combination of finite element method (FEM) and optimization algorithm have been used to fulfil this objective...
August 17, 2017: Journal of Materials Science. Materials in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28816075/psychological-impact-of-female-genital-mutilation-among-adolescent-egyptian-girls-a-cross-sectional-study
#12
Magdy R Ahmed, Mohamed M Shaaban, Heba K Meky, Mohamed E Amin Arafa, Tamer Y Mohamed, Waleed F Gharib, Abeer B Ahmed
OBJECTIVES: Worldwide, at least 200 million women and girls have undergone female genital mutilation (FGM). The medical and sexual consequences have been documented, but the psychological impact has not been studied to the same extent. The aim of this study was to explore the relationship between FGM and psychiatric problems among adolescent girls. METHODS: A total of 204 girls, aged 14-19 years, were included in a cross-sectional study conducted at Suez Canal University Hospitals...
August 17, 2017: European Journal of Contraception & Reproductive Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28814588/massive-epidermal-vulval-cyst-an-unusual-late-complication-of-female-genital-mutilation
#13
Tejinder Kaur-Desai, Argyrios Makris
Vulval epidermal cysts are rare and infrequently described in literature. They present a difficult diagnostic dilemma and surgical challenges. They most commonly occur as a late complication of female genital mutilation (FGM) and manifest as a primary condition. We present a case of a large vulval epidermal inclusion cyst, lined by vulval squamous epithelium, in a woman with a background of FGM who was referred with suspected vulval cancer. We discuss the clinical presentation, MRI findings, surgical treatment and outcome...
August 16, 2017: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28812506/don-t-keep-fgm-hidden
#14
Juliet Albert
Annual figures from NHS Digital, published in early July, show that there were 5,391 newly recorded cases of female genital mutilation (FGM) in England in 2016-17.
August 16, 2017: Nursing Standard
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28799300/use-of-freestyle-libre-protm-flash-glucose-monitoring-system-in-different-clinical-situations-at-a-diabetes-centre
#15
Srinivasan Ratna, Radhakrishnan Subashini, Ranjit Unnikrishnan, Viswanathan Mohan
Flash Glucose Monitoring (FGM) is a newly introduced Glucose Monitoring system. FGM provides both graphical representation of qualitative and quantitative changes in glucose levels occurring over 14-day period collapsed into single modal day graph as well as day by day graphs. In this report, we present our experience with FGM in different clinical situations. In our experience FGM is an extremely useful clinical tool for detection of glucose variability, hyperglycemia and hypoglycemia. It can also be used as an effective educational tool when the data from FGM is shared with the patient...
August 2017: Journal of the Association of Physicians of India
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28796892/a-survey-of-honor-related-practices-among-us-obstetricians-and-gynecologists
#16
Amirhossein Moaddab, Laurence B McCullough, Frank A Chervenak, Lauren Stark, Jay Schulkin, Gary A Dildy, Susan P Raine, Alireza A Shamshirsaz
OBJECTIVE: To assess patterns of honor-related practices-including virginity testing, virginity restoration, and female genital mutilation (FGM)-among US obstetrician-gynecologists (OBGYNs). METHODS: Between June 1 and August 31, 2016, 1000 members of the American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists were invited by email to complete an anonymous online survey. The survey comprised 42 questions evaluating the demographic and practice characteristics of the respondents...
August 10, 2017: International Journal of Gynaecology and Obstetrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28764879/influence-of-design-features-of-tibial-stems-in-total-knee-arthroplasty-on-tibial-bone-remodeling-behaviors
#17
Zhengbin Jia, He Gong, Shimin Hu, Juan Fang, Ruoxun Fan
In total knee arthroplasty, the optimal length and material of tibial stem remain controversial. This study aimed to evaluate influences of lengths and materials of cementless stems on tibial remodeling behaviors. Three groups of lengths were investigated (i.e., 110, 60, and 30 mm), and four materials (i.e., titanium, flexible 'iso-elastic' material, and two functionally graded materials [FGMs]) were selected for each group. FGM is a kind of material whose composition gradually varies in space. In this study, the compositions of two FGMs were Ti and hydroxyapatite (FGM I), and Ti and bioglass (FGM II), respectively...
July 29, 2017: Medical Engineering & Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28755440/the-effectiveness-of-surgical-interventions-for-women-with-fgm-c-a-systematic-review
#18
Rigmor C Berg, Sølvi Taraldsen, Maryan A Said, Ingvil Krarup Sørbye, Siri Vangen
BACKGROUND: Female genital mutilation/cutting (FGM/C) changes normal genital functionality and can cause complications. There is an increasing demand for treatment of FGM/C-related complications. OBJECTIVES: We conducted a systematic review of empirical quantitative research on the outcomes of interventions for women with FGM/C-related complications. SEARCH STRATEGY: A search specialist searched 16 electronic databases. SELECTION CRITERIA: Selection was independent by two researchers...
July 29, 2017: BJOG: An International Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727902/glucocorticoid-assessment-in-the-domestic-horse-the-impact-of-time-and-climatic-variables-on-sample-integrity
#19
K Yarnell, S L Walker
BACKGROUND: Assessment of faecal glucocorticoid metabolites (FGM) offers a non-invasive method of monitoring adrenal activity in domestic horses. Sample collection is on an opportunistic basis, and if samples are not fresh or have been exposed to the elements before they are identified, then they may not accurately reflect FGM concentration. OBJECTIVES: To explore the impact of a range of environmental conditions upon the integrity of FGM levels in equine faeces...
July 20, 2017: Equine Veterinary Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28718602/-sexual-function-and-clitoral-reconstruction-after-female-genital-mutilation
#20
Jasmine Abdulcadir, Francesco Bianchi-Demicheli, Patrick Petignat
Evidence on sexual function of women living with female genital mutilation (FGM) and on clitoral reconstruction after FGM is limited. Such surgery is performed in case of chronic clitoral pain, clitoral dyspareunia or for female identity reasons. In this article we summarize the anatomical, psychosexual and sociocultural factors that influence sexual function of women with FGM and the available data on clitoral reconstruction. Surgical resection of the fibrous tissue around the clitoris, with eventual excision of painful post-traumatic neuromas, could improve pain and sexual function...
March 15, 2017: Revue Médicale Suisse
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