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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28301010/effect-of-sonic-vibrations-on-bond-strength-of-fiberglass-posts-bonded-to-root-dentin
#1
Amanda Mahammad Mushashe, Rodrigo Otavio Jatahy Ferreira do Amaral, Carlos Eduardo Edwards Rezende, Flares Baratto Filho, Leonardo Fernandes da Cunha, Carla Castiglia Gonzaga
Sonic vibrations may improve the bond strength and durability of fiberglass posts by improving adhesive penetration into dentin as well as the cement flow. The objective of this study was to evaluate the effect of sonic vibrations on the bond strength between fiberglass posts and root dentin using the pull-out test. Bovine roots were endodontically treated and divided randomly into four groups (n=12): Group C - conventional cementation (control); Group SA - sonic vibration (Smart Sonic Device, FGM) of the adhesive system and conventional post accommodation; SP group - conventional adhesive application and sonic vibration of the post during accommodation; and SASP - sonic vibration of the system adhesive and the post during accommodation...
January 2017: Brazilian Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28288664/injured-bodies-damaged-lives-experiences-and-narratives-of-kenyan-women-with-obstetric-fistula-and-female-genital-mutilation-cutting
#2
Lillian Mwanri, Glory Joy Gatwiri
BACKGROUND: It is well acknowledged that Female Genital Mutilation/Cutting (FGM/C/C) leads to medical, psychological and sociocultural sequels. Over 200 million cases of FGM/C exist globally, and in Kenya alone, a total of 12,418,000 (28%) of women have undergone FGM/C, making the practice not only a significant national, but also a global health catastrophe. FGM/C is rooted in patriarchal and traditional cultures as a communal experience signifying a transition from girlhood to womanhood...
March 14, 2017: Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28273856/time-prediction-models-for-echinococcosis-based-on-gray-system-theory-and-epidemic-dynamics
#3
Liping Zhang, Li Wang, Yanling Zheng, Kai Wang, Xueliang Zhang, Yujian Zheng
Echinococcosis, which can seriously harm human health and animal husbandry production, has become an endemic in the Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region of China. In order to explore an effective human Echinococcosis forecasting model in Xinjiang, three grey models, namely, the traditional grey GM(1,1) model, the Grey-Periodic Extensional Combinatorial Model (PECGM(1,1)), and the Modified Grey Model using Fourier Series (FGM(1,1)), in addition to a multiplicative seasonal ARIMA(1,0,1)(1,1,0)₄ model, are applied in this study for short-term predictions...
March 4, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28267442/effects-of-female-genital-mutilation-cutting-on-the-sexual-function-of-sudanese-women-a-cross-sectional-study
#4
Abdulrahim A Rouzi, Rigmor C Berg, Nora Sahly, Susan Alkafy, Faten Alzaban, Hassan Abduljabbar
BACKGROUND: Female Genital Mutilation/Cutting (FGM/C) is a cultural practice that involves several types of removal or other injury to the external female genitalia for non-medical reasons. While much international research has focused on the health consequences of the practice, little is known about sexual functioning among women with various types of FGM/C. OBJECTIVE(S): To assess the impact of FGM/C on the sexual functioning of Sudanese women. STUDY DESIGN: This is a cross-sectional study conducted at Doctor Erfan and Bagedo Hospital, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia...
March 3, 2017: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28264185/how-much-accuracy-of-interstitial-glucose-measurement-is-enough-is-there-a-need-for-new-evidence
#5
Norbert Hermanns, Dominic Ehrmann, Bernhard Kulzer
This analytical comment discusses what standards are needed for the evaluation of the accuracy of glucose measurement systems continuously measuring glucose in the interstitial fluid. Since accuracy standards for continuous glucose monitoring (CGM)/flash glucose monitoring (FGM) systems are currently based on modeling studies or consensus of experts, we raised the question whether non-inferiority trials evaluating the safety and efficacy of CGM/FGM measurements compared to capillary blood glucose measurement with point-of-care devices could help to establish clarity about the needed accuracy standards of CGM/FGM...
March 2017: Journal of Diabetes Science and Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28256242/a-functionally-graded-material-model-for-the-transmural-stress-distribution-of-the-aortic-valve-leaflet
#6
Bruno V Rego, Michael S Sacks
Heterogeneities in structure and stress within heart valve leaflets are of significant concern to their functional physiology, as they affect how the tissue constituents remodel in response to pathological and non-pathological (e.g. exercise, pregnancy) alterations in cardiac function. Indeed, valve interstitial cells (VICs) are known to synthesize and degrade leaflet extracellular matrix (ECM) components in a manner specific to their local micromechanical environment. Quantifying local variations in ECM structure and stress is thus necessary to understand homeostatic valve maintenance as well as to develop predictive models of disease progression and post-surgical outcomes...
February 8, 2017: Journal of Biomechanics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28249120/acceptance-of-fgm-or-cgm-in-clinical-decision-making-and-patient-preference-where-do-we-go-from-here
#7
Roger S Mazze
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2017: Diabetes Technology & Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28198970/is-the-bonding-of-self-adhesive-cement-sensitive-to-root-region-and-curing-mode
#8
Thaynara Faelly Boing, Giovana Mongruel Gomes, João Carlos Gomes, Alessandra Reis, Osnara Maria Mongruel Gomes
Objectives: To evaluate the influence of two curing techniques on the degree of conversion (DC) of resin cements and on bond strength (BS) of fiber posts in different regions of root dentin. Material and Methods: Twenty single-rooted premolars were endodontically treated, and the post spaces were prepared. The roots were randomly divided into two groups (n=10), according to the activation mode of the resin cement RelyX™ U200 (3M ESPE Saint Paul, MN, USA): conventional (continuous activation mode) and soft-start activation mode (Ramp)...
January 2017: Journal of Applied Oral Science: Revista FOB
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28195276/an-experimental-thermally-deposited-coating-for-improved-bonding-to-glass-fiber-posts
#9
Giselle Rodrigues Reis, Fernanda Pereira Silva, Aline Oliveira-Ogliari, André Luis Faria-E-Silva, Rafael R Moraes, Veridiana Resende Novais, Murilo de Sousa Menezes
PURPOSE: To determine whether an experimental thermally deposited siloxane-methacrylate coating for use in industrial scale applications would improve the bond strength of resin-based materials to glass fiber posts (GFPs) without affecting their mechanical properties. MATERIALS AND METHODS: An experimental 5% (w/v) solution of methacryloxypropyltrimethoxysilane was prepared. Two types of GFPs (Exacto, Angelus; White Post DC, FGM) were divided into the following groups: S: silane; SA: silane and adhesive; HS: 35% H₂O₂ and silane; HSA: 35% H₂O₂, silane and adhesive; Exp: siloxane-methacrylate coating (Si-O) via post immersion in experimental solution followed by heating; Exp-S: silane after Si-O treatment; Exp-A: adhesive after Si-O treatment; and Exp-SA: silane and adhesive after Si-O treatment...
February 10, 2017: Journal of Adhesive Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28183596/a-numerical-study-on-the-application-of-the-functionally-graded-materials-in-the-stent-design
#10
Arezoo Khosravi, Hossein Bahreinizad, Milad Salimi Bani, Alireza Karimi
Undesirable deformation of the stent can induce a significant amount of injure not only to the blood vessel but also to the plaque. The objective of this study was to reduce/minimize these undesirable deformations by the application of Functionally Graded Materials (FGM). To do this, Finite Element (FE) method was employed to simulate the expansion of a stent and the corresponding displacement of the stenosis plaque. Three hyperelastic plaque types as well as five elastoplastic stents were simulated. Dogboning, foreshortening, maximum stress in the plaque, and the pressure which is needed to fully expand the stent for different stent materials, were acquired...
April 1, 2017: Materials Science & Engineering. C, Materials for Biological Applications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28178983/management-of-painful-clitoral-neuroma-after-female-genital-mutilation-cutting
#11
Jasmine Abdulcadir, Jean-Christophe Tille, Patrick Petignat
BACKGROUND: Traumatic neuromas are the result of regenerative disorganized proliferation of the proximal portion of lesioned nerves. They can exist in any anatomical site and are responsible for neuropathic pain. Post-traumatic neuromas of the clitoris have been described as an uncommon consequence of female genital mutilation/cutting (FGM/C). FGM/C involves partial or total removal of the female genital organs for non-therapeutic reasons. It can involve cutting of the clitoris and can cause psychological, sexual, and physical complications...
February 8, 2017: Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28164298/psychological-and-counselling-interventions-for-female-genital-mutilation
#12
Helen Smith, Karin Stein
Women and girls living with female genital mutilation (FGM) are more likely to experience psychological problems than women without FGM. As well as psychological support, this population may need additional care when seeking surgical interventions to correct complications of FGM. Recent WHO guidelines recommend cognitive behavioral therapy for women and girls experiencing anxiety disorders, depression, or post-traumatic stress disorder. The guidelines also suggest that preoperative counselling for deinfibulation, and psychological support alongside surgical interventions, can help women manage the physiological and psychological changes following surgery...
February 2017: International Journal of Gynaecology and Obstetrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28164297/sexual-counselling-for-treating-or-preventing-sexual-dysfunction-in-women-living-with-female-genital-mutilation-a-systematic-review
#13
REVIEW
Uduak Okomo, Miriam Ogugbue, Elizabeth Inyang, Martin M Meremikwu
BACKGROUND: Female sexual dysfunction is the persistent or recurring decrease in sexual desire or arousal, the difficulty or inability to achieve an orgasm, and/or the feeling of pain during sexual intercourse. Impaired sexual function can occur with all types of female genital mutilation (FGM) owing to the structural changes, pain, or traumatic memories associated with the procedure. OBJECTIVES: To conduct a systematic review of randomized and nonrandomized studies into the effects of sexual counseling with or without genital lubricants on the sexual function of women living with FGM...
February 2017: International Journal of Gynaecology and Obstetrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28164296/deinfibulation-for-preventing-or-treating-complications-in-women-living-with-type-iii-female-genital-mutilation-a%C3%A2-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#14
REVIEW
Babasola O Okusanya, Olabisi Oduwole, Nuria Nwachuku, Martin M Meremikwu
BACKGROUND: Deinfibulation is a surgical procedure carried out to re-open the vaginal introitus of women living with type III female genital mutilation (FGM). OBJECTIVES: To assess the impact of deinfibulation on gynecologic or obstetric outcomes by comparing women who were deinfibulated with women with type III FGM or women without FGM. SEARCH STRATEGY: Major databases including CENTRAL, MEDLINE, and Scopus were searched until August 2015...
February 2017: International Journal of Gynaecology and Obstetrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28164295/deinfibulation-for-treating-urologic-complications-of-type-iii-female-genital-mutilation-a-systematic-review
#15
REVIEW
Emmanuel Effa, Olumuyiwa Ojo, Austin Ihesie, Martin M Meremikwu
BACKGROUND: Women and girls who have undergone type III female genital mutilation (FGM) may suffer urologic complications such as recurrent urinary tract infections, obstruction, stones, and incontinence. OBJECTIVE: To assess the effectiveness of deinfibulation for preventing and treating urologic complications in women and girls living with FGM. SEARCH STRATEGY: The following major databases were searched from inception to August 2015: Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (CENTRAL), MEDLINE, SCOPUS, Web of Science, and ClinicalTrials...
February 2017: International Journal of Gynaecology and Obstetrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28164294/health-information-interventions-for-female-genital-mutilation
#16
Helen Smith, Karin Stein
Providing information and education to women and girls living with female genital mutilation (FGM) could be an important influence on their healthcare-seeking behavior. Healthcare providers also need adequate knowledge and skills to provide good quality care to this population. Recent WHO guidelines on managing health complications from FGM contain best practice statements for health education and information interventions for women and providers. This qualitative evidence synthesis summarizes the values and preferences of girls and women living with FGM, and healthcare providers, together with other evidence on the context and conditions of these interventions...
February 2017: International Journal of Gynaecology and Obstetrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28164292/providing-information-about-the-consequences-of-female-genital-mutilation-to-healthcare-providers-caring-for-women-and-girls-living-with-female-genital-mutilation-a-systematic-review
#17
REVIEW
Chioma M Oringanje, Anthony Okoro, Ogonna N Nwankwo, Martin M Meremikwu
BACKGROUND: The persistence of female genital mutilation (FGM) in some countries, despite an overall decline in the prevalence of the practice, calls for improvement in the capacity of healthcare workers and institutions to provide optimal care for this population. OBJECTIVES: To determine the impact of providing information on FGM and its consequences to healthcare providers on their attitudes toward FGM, and quality of care and patient satisfaction. SEARCH STRATEGY: The following major databases were searched from inception to August 2015: Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (CENTRAL), MEDLINE, SCOPUS, Web of Science, and ClinicalTrials...
February 2017: International Journal of Gynaecology and Obstetrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28164291/surgical-or-medical-interventions-for-female-genital-mutilation
#18
Helen Smith, Karin Stein
Deinfibulation can prevent or treat gynecological and obstetric complications in women living with type III female genital mutilation (FGM), and subsequently improve childbirth outcomes. Recently published WHO guidelines recommend use of deinfibulation in both circumstances. However, to really impact practice, evidence-based guidance needs to be matched with evidence-based implementation strategies. This qualitative evidence synthesis provides information on the factors that facilitate or act as barriers to use of deinfibulation, and the context and conditions that are necessary for implementing the procedure, including healthcare providers' knowledge and experience, the service delivery environment, as well as broader health system contexts...
February 2017: International Journal of Gynaecology and Obstetrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28164290/supportive-psychotherapy-or-client-education-alongside-surgical-procedures-to-correct-complications-of-female-genital-mutilation-a-systematic-review
#19
REVIEW
Olukayode Abayomi, Moriam T Chibuzor, Babasola O Okusanya, Ekpereonne Esu, Edward Odey, Martin M Meremikwu
BACKGROUND: Supportive psychotherapy, in individual or group settings, may help improve surgical outcomes for women and girls living with female genital mutilation (FGM). OBJECTIVES: To assess whether supportive psychotherapy given alongside surgical procedures to correct complications of FGM improves clinical outcomes. SEARCH STRATEGY: We searched major databases including CENTRAL, Medline, African Index Medicus, SCOPUS, PsycINFO, and others...
February 2017: International Journal of Gynaecology and Obstetrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28164289/providing-information-to-improve-body-image-and-care-seeking-behavior-of-women-and-girls-living-with-female-genital-mutilation-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#20
REVIEW
Ekpereonne Esu, Ifeyinwa Okoye, Iwara Arikpo, Regina Ejemot-Nwadiaro, Martin M Meremikwu
BACKGROUND: Female genital mutilation (FGM) has become recognized worldwide as an extreme form of violation of the human rights of girls and women. Strategies have been employed to curb the practice. OBJECTIVE: To conduct a systematic review of randomized and nonrandomized studies of the effects of providing educational interventions on the body image and care-seeking behavior of girls and women living with FGM with the view to ending the practice. SEARCH STRATEGY: CENTRAL, MEDLINE, and other databases were searched up to August 10, 2015 without any language restrictions...
February 2017: International Journal of Gynaecology and Obstetrics
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