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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29329573/female-genital-mutilation-cutting-in-italy-an%C3%A2-enhanced-estimation-for-first-generation-migrant-women-based-on-2016-survey-data
#1
Livia Elisa Ortensi, Patrizia Farina, Els Leye
BACKGROUND: Migration flows of women from Female Genital Mutilation/Cutting practicing countries have generated a need for data on women potentially affected by Female Genital Mutilation/Cutting. This paper presents enhanced estimates for foreign-born women and asylum seekers in Italy in 2016, with the aim of supporting resource planning and policy making, and advancing the methodological debate on estimation methods. METHODS: The estimates build on the most recent methodological development in Female Genital Mutilation/Cutting direct and indirect estimation for Female Genital Mutilation/Cutting non-practicing countries...
January 12, 2018: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29291078/the-timing-of-female-genital-mutilation-and-the-role-of-contralateral-palpal-insertions-in-the-spider-cyclosa-argenteoalba
#2
Kensuke Nakata
Some male spiders exhibit female genital mutilation behaviour (FGM) by removing the female genital appendage (scape) to control the mating frequency of females. Female spiders have two, i.e. right and left, genital openings connected with separate spermathecae into which males transfer sperm successively using one pedipalp (secondary genitalia) at a time. Thus, males must complete at least two palpal insertions to fill both spermathecae, before FGM. The present study examined whether (i) scape removal is only associated with the second palpal insertion (one-action hypothesis) or (ii) two contralateral palpal insertions facilitate FGM, with each insertion cutting the basal part of the scape halfway (two-actions hypothesis)...
November 2017: Royal Society Open Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29273859/the-effect-of-novel-glucose-monitoring-system-flash-glucose-monitoring-on-mental-well-being-and-treatment-satisfaction-in-japanese-people-with-diabetes
#3
Sumie Mitsuishi, Rimei Nishimura, Shin-Ichi Harashima, Tomoyuki Kawamura, Daisuke Tsujino, Keiko Koide, Akiko Nishimura, Kazunori Utsunomiya, Nobuya Inagaki, Yoshihito Atsumi
INTRODUCTION: FreeStyle Libre (Abbot Diabetes Care Ltd) has been launched as a novel glucose monitoring system called flash glucose monitoring (FGM) in Europe. Several reports are becoming available on its usefulness and safety. To date, however, reports from Asian countries have not been made available. In this study, we evaluated its usefulness in Japanese people with diabetes in terms of its mental well-being and patient satisfaction outcomes. METHODS: Individuals with type 1 and 2 diabetes treated with insulin were enrolled, and they performed self-monitoring of blood glucose...
December 22, 2017: Advances in Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29250332/within-sample-variation-in-snowshoe-hare-faecal-glucocorticoid-metabolite-measurements
#4
Diana J R Lafferty, Alexander V Kumar, Sarah Whitcher, Klaus Hackländer, L Scott Mills
Faecal glucocorticoid metabolite (FGM) concentrations are used increasingly as a non-invasive measure to index physiological stress experienced by diverse taxa. However, FGM may not be evenly distributed throughout a faecal mass or faecal pellet group. Moreover, within-sample variation in FGM measurements associated with different sampling and/or processing techniques is rarely reported despite potentially having important implications for inferring stress levels in free-ranging wildlife. Using a captive collection of snowshoe hares (Lepus americanus), we (i) assessed repeatability of FGM measurements (i...
2017: Conservation Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29247096/what-are-the-experiences-of-seeking-receiving-and-providing-fgm-related-healthcare-perspectives-of-health-professionals-and-women-girls-who-have-undergone-fgm-protocol-for-a-systematic-review-of-qualitative-evidence
#5
Catrin Evans, Ritah Tweheyo, Julie McGarry, Jeanette Eldridge, Carol McCormick, Valentine Nkoyo, Gina Marie Awoko Higginbottom
INTRODUCTION: Female genital mutilation (FGM) is an issue of global concern. High levels of migration mean that healthcare systems in higher-income western countries are increasingly being challenged to respond to the care needs of affected communities. Research has identified significant challenges in the provision of, and access to, FGM-related healthcare. There is a lack of confidence and competence among health professionals in providing appropriate care, suggesting an urgent need for evidence-based service development in this area...
December 14, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29225952/thirty-year-trends-in-the-prevalence-and-severity-of-female-genital-mutilation-a-comparison-of-22-countries
#6
Alissa Koski, Jody Heymann
Introduction: Female genital mutilation (FGM) harms women's health and well-being and is widely considered a violation of human rights. The United Nations has called for elimination of the practice by 2030. Methods: We used household survey data to measure trends in the prevalence of FGM in 22 countries. We also examined trends in the severity of the practice by measuring changes in the prevalence of flesh removal, infibulation and symbolic 'nicking' of the genitals...
2017: BMJ Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29212047/whole-brain-neuronal-abnormalities-in-focal-quantified-with-proton-mr-spectroscopy
#7
Ivan I Kirov, Ruben Kuzniecky, Hoby P Hetherington, Brian J Soher, Matthew S Davitz, James S Babb, Heath R Pardoe, Jullie W Pan, Oded Gonen
OBJECTIVE: To test the hypothesis that localization-related epilepsy is associated with widespread neuronal dysfunction beyond the ictal focus, reflected by a decrease in patients' global concentration of their proton MR spectroscopy (1H-MRS) observed marker, N-acetyl-aspartate (NAA). METHODS: Thirteen patients with localization-related epilepsy (7 men, 6 women) 40±13 (mean±standard-deviation)years old, 8.3±13.4years of disease duration; and 14 matched controls, were scanned at 3 T with MRI and whole-brain (WB) 1H MRS...
December 2, 2017: Epilepsy Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29211128/in-office-tooth-bleaching-for-adolescents-using-hydrogen-peroxide-based-gels-clinical-trial
#8
Marcela Leticia Leal Gonçalves, Antonio Carlos da Silva Tavares, Ana Carolina Costa da Mota, Luiz Alberto Plácido Penna, Alessandro Melo Deana, Sandra Kalil Bussadori
The aim of the present study was to evaluate colorimetric changes and tooth sensitivity in adolescents and young patients submitted to tooth bleaching with 20% and 35% hydrogen peroxide. A randomized, controlled, clinical trial was conducted with 53 patients aged 11 to 24 years who were allocated to groups based on the use of the following commercial products: Whiteness HP - FGM® (35% hydrogen peroxide); Whiteness HP Blue Calcium - FGM® (35% hydrogen peroxide); and Whiteness HP Blue Calcium - FGM® (20% hydrogen peroxide)...
November 2017: Brazilian Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29210099/behavioral-and-hormonal-responses-to-the-availability-of-forage-material-in-western-lowland-gorillas-gorilla-gorilla-gorilla
#9
Grace Fuller, Anna Murray, Melissa Thueme, Molly McGuire, Jennifer Vonk, Stephanie Allard
We investigated how forage material affects indicators of welfare in three male Western lowland gorillas (Gorilla gorilla gorilla) at the Detroit Zoo. In addition to their maintenance diet and enrichment foods, the gorillas generally received forage material four times a week. From this baseline, we systematically manipulated how much forage material the group received on a weekly basis, with either daily or bi (twice)-weekly presentation of browse (mulberry, Morus sp.) or alfalfa hay. We collected behavioral data (60 hr per gorilla) and measured fecal glucocorticoid metabolites (FGM)...
December 6, 2017: Zoo Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29197397/the-heat-goes-away-sexual-disorders-of-married-women-with-female-genital-mutilation-cutting-in-kenya
#10
Tammary Esho, Samuel Kimani, Isaac Nyamongo, Violet Kimani, Samuel Muniu, Christine Kigondu, Patrick Ndavi, Jaldesa Guyo
BACKGROUND: Female genital mutilation/cutting (FGM/C) has been implicated in sexual complications among women, although there is paucity of research evidence on sexual experiences among married women who have undergone this cultural practice. The aim of this study was to investigate the sexual experiences among married women in Mauche Ward, Nakuru County. METHODS: Quantitative and qualitative data collection methods were used. Quantitative data were obtained from 318 married women selected through multistage sampling...
December 2, 2017: Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29191224/i-knew-how-it-feels-but-couldn-t-save-my-daughter-testimony-of-an-ethiopian-mother-on-female-genital-mutilation-cutting
#11
Yohannes Mehretie Adinew, Beza Tamirat Mekete
BACKGROUND: World Health Organization defines female genital mutilation/cutting as all procedures that involve partial or total removal of the external female genitalia, or other injury to the female genital organs for non-medical reasons. The practice is common in Ethiopia, especially among Somali (99%) ethnic groups. Even though FGM/C is labeled illegal practice according to the revised 2005 Penal Code of the country, the practice is still responsible for misery of many girls in Ethiopia...
December 1, 2017: Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29182541/ceramic-based-4d-components-additive-manufacturing-am-of-ceramic-based-functionally-graded-materials-fgm-by-thermoplastic-3d-printing-t3dp
#12
Uwe Scheithauer, Steven Weingarten, Robert Johne, Eric Schwarzer, Johannes Abel, Hans-Jürgen Richter, Tassilo Moritz, Alexander Michaelis
In our study, we investigated the additive manufacturing (AM) of ceramic-based functionally graded materials (FGM) by the direct AM technology thermoplastic 3D printing (T3DP). Zirconia components with varying microstructures were additively manufactured by using thermoplastic suspensions with different contents of pore-forming agents (PFA), which were co-sintered defect-free. Different materials were investigated concerning their suitability as PFA for the T3DP process. Diverse zirconia-based suspensions were prepared and used for the AM of single- and multi-material test components...
November 28, 2017: Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29174479/practical-implementation-education-and-interpretation-guidelines-for-continuous-glucose-monitoring-a-french-position-statement
#13
S Borot, P Y Benhamou, C Atlan, E Bismuth, E Bonnemaison, B Catargi, G Charpentier, A Farret, N Filhol, S Franc, D Gouet, B Guerci, I Guilhem, C Guillot, N Jeandidier, M Joubert, V Melki, E Merlen, A Penfornis, S Picard, E Renard, Y Reznik, J P Riveline, S Rudoni, P Schaepelynck, A Sola-Gazagnes, N Tubiana-Rufi, O Verier-Mine, H Hanaire
The use by diabetes patients of real-time continuous interstitial glucose monitoring (CGM) or the FreeStyle Libre® (FSL) flash glucose monitoring (FGM) system is becoming widespread and has changed diabetic practice. The working group bringing together a number of French experts has proposed the present practical consensus. Training of professionals and patient education are crucial for the success of CGM. Also, institutional recommendations must pay particular attention to the indications for and reimbursement of CGM devices in populations at risk of hypoglycaemia...
November 11, 2017: Diabetes & Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29151816/counselling-professionals-awareness-and-understanding-of-female-genital-mutilation-cutting-training-needs-for-working-therapeutically-with-survivors
#14
Charlie Jackson
Background: There is a dearth of literature that has looked at the psychological impact of female genital mutilation/cutting (FGM/C), and little is known about the understanding and awareness of FGM/C amongst counselling professionals. Method: An online survey was completed by 2073 BACP members. The survey covered four broad themes: demographics; awareness and understanding of FGM/C; experience of working therapeutically with survivors; and FGM/C training. Descriptive and inferential analyses were undertaken on quantitative data, and thematic content analysis was undertaken on qualitative data...
December 2017: Counselling and Psychotherapy Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29148634/labor-delivery-and-postpartum-complications-in-nulliparous-women-with-female-genital-mutilation-admitted-to-karamara-hospital
#15
Wondimu Gudu, Mutasim Abdulahi
Objectives: To assess labor, delivery and postpartum complications in nulliparous women with FGM/C and evaluate the attitude of mothers towards elimination of FGM. Methods: A prospective hospital based study using structured questionnaire was conducted between January to March 2015 at Karamara hospital, Jijiga, Ethiopia. All nulliparous women admitted for labor and delivery were included. Data were collected regarding circumcision status, events of labor, delivery; postpartum and neonatal outcomes as well as attitude of mothers towards elimination of FGM/C...
January 2017: Ethiopian Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29144876/effects-of-at-home-bleaching-in-smokers-30-month-follow-up
#16
J L de Geus, E Fernández, S Kossatz, A D Loguercio, A Reis
OBJECTIVE: This clinical study evaluated the color longevity after 30 months of at-home bleaching with 10% carbamide peroxide (CP) in smokers and nonsmokers. METHODS: Sixty patients, 30 smokers and 30 nonsmokers, were subjected to bleaching with 10% CP (Whiteness Perfect-FGM) for three hours daily for three weeks. The color was measured at baseline and at one month and 30 months after the completion of dental bleaching using the shade guide Vita classical organized by value (ΔSGU) and the shade guide Vita Bleachedguide 3D-MASTER...
November 2017: Operative Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29125639/chemical-physiochemical-and-microstructural-properties-and-probiotic-survivability-of-fermented-goat-milk-using-polymerized-whey-protein-and-starter-culture-kefir-mild-01
#17
Hao Wang, Cuina Wang, Mu Wang, Mingruo Guo
A set-type fermented goat milk (FGM) using polymerized whey protein (PWP) as main thickening agent and Kefir Mild 01 as starter culture was developed. The FGM with PWP (0.3%, w/v) and pectin (0.2%, w/v) had low syneresis (5.44 ± 0.92%), desirable viscosity (952.86 ± 61.52 mPa⋅s), and hardness (112.57 ± 3.23 g), which were comparable to a fermented cow milk. Sensory evaluation data showed that the FGM with PWP and pectin had higher scores of both flavor (4.41 ± 0.39) and taste (3.72 ± 0.34) than the sample without PWP...
November 2017: Journal of Food Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29036939/female-genital-mutilation-reconstruction-a-preliminary-report
#18
Catherine S Chang, David W Low, Ivona Percec
Background: Female genital mutilation (FGM) is internationally recognized as a violation of human rights. Though rarely discussed, FGM is prevalent, affecting hundreds of millions of females worldwide. Objectives: We believe that is important for plastic surgeons to be informed and prepared to address the surgical and emotional needs of these women. We present our experience on treatment of women subjected to FGM. Methods: Three consecutive patients were treated by our clitoral restoration procedure...
September 1, 2017: Aesthetic Surgery Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29034707/female-genital-mutilation-implications-for-clinical-practice
#19
Inez von Rège, Daniel Campion
Female genital mutilation (FGM) is an established cultural practice in over 30 countries. It has no health benefits, carries a high risk of physical and psychological harm, and is illegal in many countries including the UK. A sensitive approach is required, both in the management of complications and prevention of this practice. This article discusses the prevalence and classification of FGM, and offers practical advice to nurses and midwives involved in general and obstetric care. Legal aspects, including safeguarding responsibilities and the mandatory duty to report FGM in England and Wales, are outlined...
October 12, 2017: British Journal of Nursing: BJN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28954438/pharmacokinetics-tissue-distribution-and-elimination-of-three-active-alkaloids-in-rats-after-oral-administration-of-the-effective-fraction-of-alkaloids-from-ramulus-mori-an-innovative-hypoglycemic-agent
#20
Shuang Yang, Jiaqi Mi, Zhihao Liu, Baolian Wang, Xuejun Xia, Renyun Wang, Yuling Liu, Yan Li
In this study, we systematically investigated the plasma pharmacokinetics, tissue distribution, and elimination of three active alkaloids after oral administration of the effective fraction of alkaloids from Ramulus Mori (SZ-A)-an innovative hypoglycemic agent-in rats. Moreover, the influences of other components in SZ-A on dynamic process of alkaloids were explored for the first time. The results showed that 1-deoxynojirimycin (DNJ), fagomine (FGM) and 1,4-dideoxy-1,4-imino-d-arabinitol (DAB) exhibited nonlinear pharmacokinetics following oral administration of SZ-A (40-1000 mg/kg)...
September 26, 2017: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
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