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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28631512/african-male-attitudes-on-female-genital-mutilation-an-australian-survey
#1
Usama Shahid, Ajay Rane
Female genital mutilation (FGM) is a traditional practice where female genital organs are altered for non-medical reasons. The custom is outlawed in Australia and associated with an array of medical consequences. Due to the recent influx of migrants from regions endemic to FGM, the practice is becoming a growing concern locally. This federal government funded study aimed to elicit the poorly understood perceptions that young, Sub-Saharan African, migrant males residing in Townsville, Australia have on FGM. Through piloted questionnaires we found that amongst the 67 participants, 23...
June 20, 2017: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology: the Journal of the Institute of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28609496/effect-of-ceramic-barriers-of-different-thicknesses-on-microhardness-of-light-cured-resin-cements
#2
Yasmin Alves do Nascimento, Ayla Macyelle de Oliveira Correia, Darlon Martins Lima, Sandro Griza, Wilton Mitsunari Takeshita, Adriano Augusto Melo de Mendonça
This study evaluated the microhardness of two resin cements and a low-viscosity resin composite when light-cured under different ceramic thicknesses. A total of 20 samples (10.0 × 1.0 mm) of each material were polymerized by means of a LED light source with an intensity of 1,100 mW/cm(2) for 20 seconds. For each experimental group, different ceramic thicknesses (0.5 mm, 1.0 mm, and 1.5 mm) were applied to each sample. For the control group, the samples were polymerized without the presence of ceramics. Each material was then stored in dry vials that inhibited the passage of light for a period of 24 hours...
July 2017: International Journal of Periodontics & Restorative Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28602042/clinical-indications-for-cesarean-delivery-among-women-living-with-female-genital-mutilation
#3
Maria I Rodriguez, Lale Say, Jasmine Abdulcadir, Michelle J Hindin
OBJECTIVE: To compare primary indications for cesarean delivery among patients with different female genital mutilation (FGM) status. METHODS: The present secondary analysis included data from women who underwent trial of labor resulting in cesarean delivery at 28 obstetric centers in six African countries between November 1, 2001, and March 31, 2003. Associations between cesarean delivery indications and FGM status were assessed using descriptive statistics and multivariable multinomial logistic regression...
June 11, 2017: International Journal of Gynaecology and Obstetrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28591047/inverted-gastric-adenocarcinoma-of-fundic-gland-mucosa-type-colliding-with-well-differentiated-adenocarcinoma-a-case-report
#4
Keitaro Takahashi, Mikihiro Fujiya, Shin Ichihara, Kentaro Moriichi, Toshikatsu Okumura
RATIONALE: Gastric adenocarcinoma of fundic gland mucosa type (GA-FGM) is a rare tumor composed of atypical cells with differentiation toward the fundic gland as well as the foveolar epithelium. Including our case, only 9 cases of GA-FGMs were reported from 2010 to 2016. CONCERNS OF THE PATIENT: An 87-year-old man was referred to our institution for endoscopic resection of a gastric lesion. The tumor was classified as type 0-I + IIa according to the Paris classification...
June 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28578070/comprehensive-characterization-of-bioactive-peptides-from-buffalo-bubalus-bubalis-colostrum-and-milk-fat-globule-membrane-proteins
#5
N Brijesha, H S Aparna
Milk fat is dispersed in milk as small spherical globules stabilized in the form of emulsion by its surrounding membrane, often referred to as fat globule membrane (FGM). Buffalo, a major milking mammal of Asia and second most milking mammal across the globe presents physicochemical features different from that of other ruminant species containing higher content of lipids and proteins. The present study describes characterization of FGM proteins isolated from both buffalo milk and colostrum. A detailed proteomic analysis of peptides generated by in vitro gastrointestinal simulation digestion of buffalo milk and colostrum FGM fractions was performed by nLC-ESI MS/MS...
July 2017: Food Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28542587/seminal-plasma-induces-inflammation-and-enhances-hiv-1-replication-in-human-cervical-tissue-explants
#6
Andrea Introini, Stéphanie Boström, Frideborg Bradley, Anna Gibbs, Axel Glaessgen, Annelie Tjernlund, Kristina Broliden
The most immediate and evident effect of mucosal exposure to semen in vivo is a local release of proinflammatory mediators accompanied by an influx of leukocytes into the female genital mucosa (FGM). The implication of such response in HIV-1 transmission has never been addressed due to limitations of currently available experimental models. Using human tissue explants from the uterine cervix, we developed a system of mucosal exposure to seminal plasma (SP) that supports HIV-1 replication. Treatment of ectocervical explants with SP resulted in the upregulation of inflammatory and growth factors, including IL-6, TNF, CCL5, CCL20, CXCL1, and CXCL8, and IL1A, CSF2, IL7, PTGS2, as evaluated by measuring protein levels in explant conditioned medium (ECM) and gene expression in tissue...
May 2017: PLoS Pathogens
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28540220/female-genital-mutilation-cutting-in-africa
#7
REVIEW
Akin-Tunde A Odukogbe, Bosede B Afolabi, Oluwasomidoyin O Bello, Ayodeji S Adeyanju
Female genital mutilation/cutting (FGM/C) is a traditional practice in which the external female genitalia is partially or totally incised or excised for a non-therapeutic reason, usually without the consent of the individual. FGM/C is common in Africa with varying prevalence in different countries, though the incidence is reducing because it is considered a human rights issue with tremendous advocacy for its elimination by mainly nongovernmental organizations. It is mainly underreported in many countries in Africa especially where it has been declared illegal...
April 2017: Translational Andrology and Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28532515/what-do-we-know-about-assessing-healthcare-students-and-professionals-knowledge-attitude-and-practice-regarding-female-genital-mutilation-a-systematic-review
#8
REVIEW
Jasmine Abdulcadir, Lale Say, Christina Pallitto
INTRODUCTION: Improving healthcare providers' capacities of prevention and treatment of female genital mutilation (FGM) is important given the fact that 200 million women and girls globally are living with FGM. However, training programs are lacking and often not evaluated. Validated and standardized tools to assess providers' knowledge, attitude and practice (KAP) regarding FGM are lacking. Therefore, little evidence exists on the impact of training efforts on healthcare providers' KAP on FGM...
May 22, 2017: Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28521830/evidence-based-policy-responses-to-strengthen-health-community-and-legislative-systems-that-care-for-women-in-australia-with-female-genital-mutilation-cutting
#9
REVIEW
Nesrin Varol, John J Hall, Kirsten Black, Sabera Turkmani, Angela Dawson
BACKGROUND: The physical and psychological impact of female genital mutilation / cutting (FGM/C) can be substantial, long term, and irreversible. Parts of the health sector in Australia have developed guidelines in the management of FGM/C, but large gaps exist in community and professional knowledge of the consequences and treatment of FGM/C. The prevalence of FGM/C amongst Australian women is unknown. Our article reviews the literature on research on FGM/C in Australia, which focuses on health system response to women and girls with FGM/C...
May 18, 2017: Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28512546/evaluation-of-the-effect-of-different-enamel-surface-treatments-and-waiting-times-on-the-staining-prevention-after-bleaching
#10
Débora Monteiro, Allyson Moreira, Tulimar Cornacchia, Cláudia Magalhães
BACKGROUND: Bleached dental enamel can be more susceptible to staining than the enamel that has never been bleached, especially right after tooth bleaching. The aim of this study is to evaluate the effect of surface treatments and waiting time prior to contact with dye on bleached enamel staining susceptibility. MATERIAL AND METHODS: One hundred teeth were bleached with 35% hydrogen peroxide (Whiteness HP, FGM) and randomly assigned to G1 artificial saliva, G2 2% sodium fluoride (Flugel, Nova DFL), G3 casein phosphopeptide-amorphous calcium phosphate fluoride paste (CPP-ACPF, MI Paste Plus, GC America), G4 rinse for color maintenance after bleaching (Keep White Rinse, DMC) and G5 polishing with aluminum oxide-impregnated disks (Super Buff Disk, Shofu)...
May 2017: Journal of Clinical and Experimental Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28503478/the-effects-of-non-thermal-plasma-and-conventional-treatments-on-the-bond-strength-of-fiber-posts-to-resin-cement
#11
Maíra do Prado, Eduardo Moreira da Silva, Juliana das Neves Marques, Caroline Brum Gonzalez, Renata Antoun Simão
OBJECTIVES: This study compared the effect of hexamethyldisiloxane (HMDSO) and ammonia (NH3) plasmas on the bond strength of resin cement to fiber posts with conventional treatments. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Sixty-five fiber posts were divided into 5 groups: Control (no surface treatment); H2O2 (24% hydrogen peroxide for 1 min); Blasting (blasting with aluminum oxide for 30 sec); NH3 (NH3 plasma treatment for 3 min); HMDSO (HMDSO plasma treatment for 15 min). After the treatments, the Ambar adhesive (FGM Dental Products) was applied to the post surface (n = 10)...
May 2017: Restorative Dentistry & Endodontics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28501717/assisting-asylum-seekers-in-a-time-of-global-forced-displacement-five%C3%A2-clinical-cases
#12
Katherine C McKenzie, Arielle Thomas
According to the United Nations High Commissioner on Refugees, over 65 million people were displaced from their homes due to conflict and persecution in 2015. Many physicians express an interest in human rights and a desire to assist this group of refugees and asylum seekers. Physicians are able to use their unique skills by performing medical forensic evaluations of individuals seeking asylum. Some asylum seekers have psychological or physical scars or functional abnormalities relating to injuries or ill-treatment they experience due to persecution...
July 2017: Journal of Forensic and Legal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28499386/gender-equality-and-human-rights-approaches-to-female-genital-mutilation-a-review-of-international-human-rights-norms-and-standards
#13
REVIEW
Rajat Khosla, Joya Banerjee, Doris Chou, Lale Say, Susana T Fried
Two hundred million girls and women in the world are estimated to have undergone female genital mutilation (FGM), and another 15 million girls are at risk of experiencing it by 2020 in high prevalence countries (UNICEF, 2016. Female genital mutilation/cutting: a global concern. 2016). Despite decades of concerted efforts to eradicate or abandon the practice, and the increased need for clear guidance on the treatment and care of women who have undergone FGM, present efforts have not yet been able to effectively curb the number of women and girls subjected to this practice (UNICEF...
May 12, 2017: Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28467252/enamel-mineral-content-changes-after-bleaching-with-high-and-low-hydrogen-peroxide-concentrations-colorimetric-spectrophotometry-and-total-reflection-x-ray-fluorescence-analyses
#14
Avd Pinto, E C Bridi, Flb Amaral, Fmg França, C P Turssi, C A Pérez, E F Martinez, F M Flório, R T Basting
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the calcium (Ca) and phosphorous (P) content in enamel bleached with high and low concentrations of hydrogen peroxide (HP) using Total Reflection X-Ray Fluorescence (TXRF) and colorimetric spectrophotometry (SPEC). Forty-eight sound human third molars were used. Their roots were embedded in polystyrene resin and immersed for seven days in an artificial saliva solution. Then they were distributed into six groups to receive the bleaching treatments. The agents of high HP concentration (for in-office use) evaluated were Whiteness HP Maxx/FGM (35% HP), Whiteness HP Blue/FGM (35% HP, 2% calcium gluconate), Pola Office+/SDI (37...
May 2017: Operative Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28465814/iranian-midwives-knowledge-of-and-attitudes-toward-female-genital-mutilation-cutting-fgm-c
#15
Zahra Bostani Khalesi, Soheila Pirdadeh Beiranvand, Fariba Ebtekar
INTRODUCTION: Female genital mutilation/cutting (FGM/C) is globally recognized as a violation of the human rights of females. It has no health benefits and harms those who undergo the procedure. Midwives are therefore expected to be aware of how to manage these consequences and play a key role in the prevention of the practice. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the level of Iranian midwives' knowledge of and attitudes toward FGM/C. METHODS: A total of 168 midwives were enrolled in our descriptive study...
February 2017: Electronic Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28463814/al2o3-ti-functionally-graded-material-prepared-by-spark-plasma-sintering-for-orthopaedic-applications
#16
Marjan Bahraminasab, S Ghaffari, Hossein Eslami-Shahed
Orthopaedic prostheses still suffer from limited lifetime which imposes revision surgery with the associated risks involved. This, to some extent, is related to the vulnerability of the biomaterials used for their fabrication that are commonly single-constituent and uniform. Therefore, hybrid biomaterials such as composites and functionally graded materials (FGMs) are being developed to overcome the shortcomings of available biomaterials. The present paper focuses on the study of the structural, physical and mechanical properties of a FGM made of alumina-titanium fabricated by spark plasma sintering (SPS)...
April 26, 2017: Journal of the Mechanical Behavior of Biomedical Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28400513/determining-the-factors-driving-selective-effects-of-new-nonsynonymous-mutations
#17
Christian D Huber, Bernard Y Kim, Clare D Marsden, Kirk E Lohmueller
The distribution of fitness effects (DFE) of new mutations plays a fundamental role in evolutionary genetics. However, the extent to which the DFE differs across species has yet to be systematically investigated. Furthermore, the biological mechanisms determining the DFE in natural populations remain unclear. Here, we show that theoretical models emphasizing different biological factors at determining the DFE, such as protein stability, back-mutations, species complexity, and mutational robustness make distinct predictions about how the DFE will differ between species...
April 25, 2017: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28387074/-female-genital-mutilations-the-condition-in-liege
#18
L Swenen, G Brichant, A Kaluanga, V Masson, M Nisolle
Due to current migration flows, the practising obstetrician is likely to encounter parturient women carriers of female genital mutilations (FGM). This article describes the obstetrical complications related to the latter. We compared a group of mutilated patients (n = 69) to a control group (n = 162) and studied the data concerning pregnancy, childbirth, newborn, postpartum and length of hospital stay. Among the mutilated patients, 44% were group B streptococcus carriers against 23 % in the control group (p inferior to 0...
January 2017: Revue Médicale de Liège
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28381290/the-mothering-experience-of-women-with-fgm-c-raising-uncut-daughters-in-ivory-coast-and-in-canada
#19
Sophia Koukoui, Ghayda Hassan, Jaswant Guzder
BACKGROUND: While Female Genital Cutting (FGM/C) is a deeply entrenched cultural practice, there is now mounting evidence for a gradual decline in prevalence in a number of geographical areas in Africa and following migration to non-practicing countries. Consequently, there is now a growing number of women with FGM/C who are raising 'uncut' daughters. This study used a qualitative methodology to investigate the experience of women with FGM/C raising daughters who have not been subjected to the ritual...
April 5, 2017: Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28355362/controlled-clinical-trial-addressing-teeth-whitening-with-hydrogen-peroxide-in-adolescents-a-12-month-follow-up
#20
Marcelo Mendes Pinto, Marcela Leticia Leal Gonçalves, Ana Carolina Costa da Mota, Alessandro Melo Deana, Silvia Regina Olivan, Carolina Bortoletto, Camila Haddad Leal de Godoy, Katia Lumi Tanikawa Vergilio, Olga Maria Altavista, Lara J Motta, Sandra Kalil Bussadori
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the colorimetric change in incisors and canines of adolescents aged 12 to 20 years submitted to at-home whitening and to evaluate satisfaction, sensitivity and discomfort during the procedures through a questionnaire. METHOD: Thirty adolescents were randomly assigned to the following groups: 1) 6.0% hydrogen peroxide (White Class with calcium - FGM); 2) 7.5% hydrogen peroxide (White Class with calcium - FGM); 3) 10% hydrogen peroxide (Oral B 3D White - Oral-B); 4) Control group - placebo...
March 2017: Clinics
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