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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29777687/physiological-stress-responses-in-wild-asian-elephants-elephas-maximus-in-a-human-dominated-landscape-in-the-western-ghats-southern-india
#1
Sreedhar Vijayakrishnan, Mavatur Ananda Kumar, G Umapathy, Vinod Kumar, Anindya Sinha
Increasing anthropogenic pressures on forests, especially in the tropical regions of the world, have restricted several large mammalian species such as the Asian elephant to fragmented habitats within human-dominated landscapes. In this study, we assessed the effects of an anthropogenic landscape and its associated conflict with humans on the physiological stress responses displayed by Asian elephants in the Anamalai Hills of the Western Ghats mountains in south India. We have quantified faecal glucocorticoid metabolite (FGM) concentrations in focal individual elephants within and across herds, inhabiting both anthropogenic and natural habitats, and evaluated their physiological responses to different socio-ecological situations between November 2013 and April 2014...
May 16, 2018: General and Comparative Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29777640/factors-associated-with-parental-intent-not-to-circumcise-daughters-in-enugu-state-of-nigeria-an-application-of-the-theory-of-planned-behavior
#2
Cajetan I Ilo, Sandra A Darfour-Oduro, Jerome O Okafor, Diana S Grigsby-Toussaint, Ignatius O Nwimo, Chinagorom Onwunaka
This study explored intention of parents not to circumcise daughters in Enugu State, Nigeria using theory of planned behavior (TPB) as a framework. A survey of 1345 parents was carried out using structured questionnaire with FGM question items based on TPB constructs of attitude, subjective norm (SN), perceived behavioral control (PBC), and intention. Intention was dichotomized into two categories and logistic regression analysis was performed to examine the association between the constructs of TPB while controlling for some socio-demographic factors...
March 2018: African Journal of Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29755298/addressing-female-genital-mutilation-cutting-fgm-c-in-the-era-of-clitoral-reconstruction-plastic-surgery
#3
REVIEW
Hannes Sigurjonsson, Malin Jordal
Purpose of the Review: The aim of this review is to give an overview of the recent evidence on clitoral reconstruction and other relevant reconstructive plastic surgery measures after female genital mutilation/cutting (FGM/C). Recent Findings: Recent publications present refinements and modifications of the surgical technique of clitoral reconstruction along with reconstruction of the labia majora and clitoral hood. Novel approaches with reposition of the clitoral nerve, anchoring of the labia majora, fat grafting, and full thickness mucosa grafts have been introduced...
2018: Current Sexual Health Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29736171/female-genital-mutilation-cutting-innovative-training-approach-for-nurse-midwives-in-high-prevalent-settings
#4
Samuel Kimani, Tammary Esho, Violet Kimani, Samuel Muniu, Jane Kamau, Christine Kigondu, Joseph Karanja, Jaldesa Guyo
Background: Female genital mutilation/cutting (FGM/C) has no medical benefits and is associated with serious health complications. FGM/C including medicalization is illegal in Kenya. Capacity building for nurse-midwives to manage and prevent FGM/C is therefore critical. Objective: Determine the current FGM/C knowledge and effect of training among nurse-midwives using an electronic tool derived from a paper-based quiz on FGM/C among nurse-midwives. Methods: Nurse-midwives ( n =26) were assessed pre- and post-FGM/C training using a quiz comprising 12 questions...
2018: Obstetrics and Gynecology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29676979/effectiveness-of-and-dental-sensitivity-to-at-home-bleaching-with-4-and-10-hydrogen-peroxide-a-randomized-triple-blind-clinical-trial
#5
K Chemin, M Rezende, A D Loguercio, A Reis, S Kossatz
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the risk for and intensity of tooth sensitivity and color change of at-home dental bleaching with 4% and 10% hydrogen peroxide (HP). METHODS: For this study, 78 patients were selected according to the inclusion and exclusion criteria and randomized into two groups: HP 4 (White Class 4%, FGM) and HP 10 (White Class 10%, FGM). In both groups, the at-home bleaching was performed for a period of 30 minutes twice a day for two weeks. The color was assessed by Vita Classical, Vita Bleachedguide 3D-MASTER and spectrophotometer Vita Easyshade (Vita Zahnfabrik) at baseline, during bleaching (first and second weeks) and after bleaching (one month)...
May 2018: Operative Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29669570/health-care-seeking-patterns-for-female-genital-mutilation-cutting-among-young-somalis-in-norway
#6
Vivian N Mbanya, Abdi A Gele, Esperanza Diaz, Bernadette Kumar
BACKGROUND: Female genital mutilation/cutting (FGM/C) is a great concern, considering all the potential health implications. Use of health care services related to FGM/C by women who have been subjected to FGM/C in Norway remains to be understood. This study aims to explore the health care-seeking patterns for FGM/C-related health care problems, among young Somalis in Norway. METHODS: A cross-sectional study involving 325 young Somalis in Oslo was conducted in 2014 using respondent-driven sampling (RDS) technique...
April 18, 2018: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29650025/effectiveness-of-health-education-as-an-intervention-designed-to-prevent-female-genital-mutilation-cutting-fgm-c-a-systematic-review
#7
REVIEW
Susan Waigwa, Lucy Doos, Caroline Bradbury-Jones, Julie Taylor
BACKGROUND: Female Genital Mutilation/Cutting (FGM/C) is a harmful practice that violates the human rights of women and girls. Despite global efforts to restrict the practice, there have been few reports on major positive changes to the problem. Health education interventions have been successful in preventing various health conditions and promoting service use. They have also been regarded as promising interventions for preventing FGM/C. The objective of this systematic review is to synthesise findings of studies about effectiveness of health education as an intervention to prevent FGM/C...
April 12, 2018: Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29625619/mapping-the-lack-of-public-initiative-against-female-genital-mutilation-in-denmark
#8
Gro Møller Christoffersen, Peter James Bruhn, Rosanna de Neergaard, Susanne Engel, Vibeke Naeser
BACKGROUND: Female genital mutilation (FGM) is a harmful practice prevalent in 35 countries, mainly in Africa, as well as in some Middle Eastern countries and a few Asian countries. FGM comprises all procedures that involve partial or complete resection of, or other injury to, external female genitalia for non-medical reasons. The practice of FGM has spread to Western countries due to migration. The European Institute for Gender Equality recommend that FGM be combatted by nationally coordinated efforts through implementation of national action plans, guidelines for professionals as well as comprehensive research in the field...
April 7, 2018: Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29615033/health-sector-involvement-in-the-management-of-female-genital-mutilation-cutting-in-30-countries
#9
R Elise B Johansen, Mai Mahgoub Ziyada, Bettina Shell-Duncan, Adriana Marcusàn Kaplan, Els Leye
BACKGROUND: For the last decades, the international community has emphasised the importance of a multisectoral approach to tackle female genital mutilation (FGM/C). While considerable improvement concerning legislations and community involvement is reported, little is known about the involvement of the health sector. METHOD: A mixed methods approach was employed to map the involvement of the health sector in the management of FGM/C both in countries where FGM/C is a traditional practice (countries of origin), and countries where FGM/C is practiced mainly by migrant populations (countries of migration)...
April 4, 2018: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29596591/using-electronic-maternity-records-to-estimate-female-genital-mutilation-in-lothian-from-2010-to-2013
#10
C M Ford, K Darlow, A Massie, D R Gorman
Background: Female genital mutilation (FGM) is most commonly encountered in Africa and the Middle East, with migration from FGM-practicing countries meaning it is increasingly seen in Europe. Addressing FGM requires accurate information on who is affected but ascertainment is notoriously difficult. This study estimated FGM prevalence in women presenting for maternity care in the Lothian region of Scotland and compared this with that expected by extrapolation of survey data from women's country of birth...
March 27, 2018: European Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29587254/evaluation-of-the-freestyle%C3%A2-libre-flash-glucose-monitoring-system-in-children-and-adolescents-with-type-1-diabetes
#11
Guy G Massa, Inge Gys, Anniek Op 't Eyndt, Esmiralda Bevilacqua, Anne Wijnands, Peter Declercq, Renate Zeevaert
BACKGROUND/AIMS: The FreeStyle® Libre Flash Glucose Monitoring System (FGM, Abbott) measures glucose concentrations in the interstitial fluid for up to 14 days. It has been approved for use in children aged > 4 years in January 2016. Experience in children is still limited. We evaluated the accuracy and usability of the FGM in children with type 1 diabetes mellitus (DM). METHODS: 67 children with type 1 DM (35 girls), aged 4-18 years, were included. Subjects wore a sensor on the back of their upper arm...
2018: Hormone Research in Pædiatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29560774/an-exploration-of-attitudes-towards-female-genital-mutilation-fgm-in-men-and-women-accessing-fgm-clinical-services-in-london-a-pilot-study
#12
Martina Larsson, Pollyanna Cohen, Gayle Hann, Sarah M Creighton, Deborah Hodes
This pilot study researched the attitudes towards and the knowledge of female genital mutilation (FGM) in adult women with FGM and their partners. The participant population consisted of English-speaking women and men over 18 years old attending specialist FGM clinics in two London hospitals. The participants completed a questionnaire on the attitudes and the knowledge of FGM, which were adapted with permission from the United Nations Children's Fund and the United States Agency for International Development household surveys...
March 21, 2018: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology: the Journal of the Institute of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29551346/tooth-sensitivity-with-a-desensitizing-containing-at-home-bleaching-gel-a-randomized-triple-blind-clinical-trial
#13
Bianca Medeiros Maran, Laína Vochikovski, Diego Rafael de Andrade Hortkoff, Rodrigo Stanislawczuk, Alessandro D Loguercio, Alessandra Reis
OBJECTIVES: Desensitizing agents are usually included in the composition of bleaching agents to reduce bleaching-induced tooth sensitivity (TS). This randomized clinical trial (RCT) evaluated the risk and intensity of TS and color change after at-home bleaching with a desensitizing-containing (3% potassium nitrate and 0.2% sodium fluoride) and desensitizing-free 10% carbamide peroxide (CP) gel (Whiteness Perfect, FGM). METHODS: A triple-blind, within-person RCT was conducted on 60 caries-free adult patients...
March 15, 2018: Journal of Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29541004/medicalized-female-genital-mutilation-cutting-contentious-practices-and-persistent-debates
#14
REVIEW
Samuel Kimani, Bettina Shell-Duncan
Purpose of Review: Female genital cutting/mutilation (FGM/C) performed by health care professionals (medicalization) and reduced severity of cutting have been advanced as strategies for minimizing health risks, sparking acrimonious ongoing debates. This study summarizes key debates and critically assesses supporting evidence. Recent Findings: While medicalization is concentrated in Africa, health professionals worldwide have faced requests to perform FGM/C. Whether medicalization is hindering the decline of FGM/C is unclear...
2018: Current Sexual Health Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29531618/female-genital-mutilation-in-sudan
#15
Adel Hussein Elduma
BACKGROUND: Female genital mutilation or female circumcision (FGM) is a serious health problem in Sudan. This procedure is harmful to women and causes many complications during pregnancy and childbirth. OBJECTIVE: This study aims to determine the female genital mutilation (FGM) and its associated factors in Sudan. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: Data from Sudan Multiple Indicator Cluster Survey (MICS - UNICEF) was used in this research. The survey was carried out in 2014 and included women aged between 14 - 49 years...
February 15, 2018: Open Access Macedonian Journal of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29530081/evaluating-optimal-utilisation-of-technology-in-type-1-diabetes-mellitus-from-a-clinical-and-health-economic-perspective-protocol-for-a-systematic-review
#16
Anthony Pease, Clement Lo, Arul Earnest, Danny Liew, Sophia Zoungas
BACKGROUND: Technology has been implemented since the 1970s with the hope of improving glycaemic control and reducing the burden of complications for those living with type 1 diabetes. A clinical and cost-effectiveness comparison of all available technologies including continuous subcutaneous insulin infusion (CSII), continuous glucose monitors (CGMs), sensor-augmented pump therapy (including either low-glucose suspend or predictive low-glucose suspend), hybrid closed-loop systems, closed-loop (single-hormone or dual-hormone) systems, flash glucose monitoring (FGM), insulin bolus calculators, and 'smart-device' applications is currently lacking...
March 12, 2018: Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29459330/overview-and-evaluation-of-different-nuclear-level-density-models-for-the-123-i-radionuclide-production
#17
A Nikjou, M Sadeghi
The 123 I radionuclide (T1/2 = 13.22 h, β+ = 100%) is one of the most potent gamma emitters for nuclear medicine. In this study, the cyclotron production of this radionuclide via different nuclear reactions namely, the 121 Sb(α,2n), 122 Te(d,n), 123 Te(p,n), 124 Te(p,2n), 124 Xe(p,2n), 127 I(p,5n) and 127 I(d,6n) were investigated. The effect of the various phenomenological nuclear level density models such as Fermi gas model (FGM), Back-shifted Fermi gas model (BSFGM), Generalized superfluid model (GSM) and Enhanced generalized superfluid model (EGSM) moreover, the three microscopic level density models were evaluated for predicting of cross sections and production yield predictions...
June 2018: Applied Radiation and Isotopes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29454365/qualitative-evaluation-of-the-saleema-campaign-to-eliminate-female-genital-mutilation-and-cutting-in-sudan
#18
Andrea C Johnson, W Douglas Evans, Nicole Barrett, Howida Badri, Tamador Abdalla, Cody Donahue
BACKGROUND: Female genital mutilation and cutting (FGM/C, herein FGM) is a widespread and harmful practice. The Government developed a national campaign in Sudan, called Saleema, to change social norms discouraging FGM. Saleema translates to being "whole", healthy in body and mind, unharmed, intact, pristine, and untouched, in a God-given condition. An interim evaluation was conducted using focus groups among Sudanese adults. The primary aim was to explore perceptions of the Saleema poster exemplars and to assess if the desired themes were being communicated...
February 17, 2018: Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29447057/effect-of-resin-infiltration-and-microabrasion-on-the-microhardness-surface-roughness-and-morphology-of-incipient-carious-lesions
#19
Basak Yazkan, R Banu Ermis
OBJECTIVE: The effects of resin infiltration and microabrasion on incipient carious lesions by surface microhardness, roughness and morphological assessments, and resistance to further acid attack of treated lesions were evaluated. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Eighty artificially-induced incipient lesions were randomly divided into five groups (n = 16): resin infiltration with an adhesive resin (Excite F, Ivoclar Vivadent, Schaan, Liechtenstein), resin infiltration with a resin infiltrant (Icon, DMG, Hamburg, Germany), microabrasion without polishing (Opalustre, Ultradent, South Jordan, UT, USA), microabrasion with polishing (Opalustre, Ultradent, Diamond Excel, FGM, Joinville, SC, Brazil), and distilled water (control group)...
February 15, 2018: Acta Odontologica Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29422053/addressing-female-genital-mutilation-in-europe-a-scoping-review-of-approaches-to-participation-prevention-protection-and-provision-of-services
#20
Helen Baillot, Nina Murray, Elaine Connelly, Natasha Howard
BACKGROUND: Public and policy attention to female genital mutilation (FGM) in diaspora communities has increased in Europe, but research remains limited and misinformation abounds. As a first step to addressing these issues, this study explored FGM prevention and response interventions in Europe, using a scoping literature review and key informant interviews. METHODS: A scoping study design was selected, using Arksey and O'Malley's six-stage scoping framework to review identified sources...
February 8, 2018: International Journal for Equity in Health
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