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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28100673/setting-up-a-clinic-to-assess-children-and-young-people-for-female-genital-mutilation
#1
Deborah Hodes, Sarah M Creighton
It is now mandatory for health, social care professionals and teachers to report to the police all under-18s where female genital mutilation (FGM) has been disclosed by the child or where physical signs of FGM are seen. Such referrals are likely to result in a request for medical examination. New multiagency statutory guidance sets out instructions for physical examination but provides no details how services should be set-up. This review gives practical guidance learnt from the first year of the UK's only dedicated children's FGM service...
February 2017: Archives of Disease in Childhood. Education and Practice Edition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27982180/effects-of-contamination-by-hemostatic-agents-and-use-of-cleaning-agent-on-etch-and-rinse-dentin-bond-strength
#2
César Rogério Pucci, Rodrigo Maximo de Araújo, Ana Julia Farias de Lacerda, Mirella Anjos de Souza, Maria Filomena Rocha Lima Huhtala, Fernanda Alves Feitosa
The aim of this study was to evaluate the influence of contamination by hemostatic agents and rinsing with chlorhexidine on bond strength between dentin and resin composite. Ninety-six bovine teeth were sectioned to expose a flat dentin surface area. A standardized cavity with 2.0 mm in thickness, superficial diameter of 4.0 mm and bottom diameter of 3.0 mm was prepared with a diamond bur in each dentin specimen. The teeth were divided into four groups according to the hemostatic employed: G1: control; G2: use of ViscoStat, Ultradent; G3: Hemosthasegel, FGM; and G4: Hemostop, Dentsply...
October 2016: Brazilian Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27956016/low-cost-gics-reduce-survival-rate-in-occlusal-art-restorations-in-primary-molars-after-one-year-a-rct
#3
Isabel Cristina Olegário, Anna Luisa de Brito Pacheco, Mariana Pinheiro de Araújo, Nathalia de Miranda Ladewig, Clarissa Calil Bonifácio, José Carlos Pettorossi Imparato, Daniela Prócida Raggio
INTRODUCTION: The high costs of the worldwide recommended GICs might be a barrier for the implementation of ART. To overcome this problem, low cost GIC are used even though there is a lack of evidence for the survival rate of restorations. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the performance of low-cost GICs used on occlusal ART restorations after one year. METHODS: A total of 150 primary molars in 150 children with occlusal caries lesions were selected in 4-8 year-old children...
December 9, 2016: Journal of Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27938869/effect-of-female-genital-mutilation-cutting-on-sexual-functions
#4
Mohammad-Hossein Biglu, Alireza Farnam, Parvaneh Abotalebi, Sahar Biglu, Mostafa Ghavami
BACKGROUND: Female Genital Mutilation/Cutting (FGM/C) or female circumcision is the procedure of eliminating some or all parts of the external female genitalia. FGM/C is carried out by traditional circumcisers. They usually use cutting tools like a blade or straight-razor. Although FGM/C is well described in the African continent and some Arabic countries, data from Iran are scarce. OBJECTIVES: The major objective of this current study was to investigate the effects of FGM/C on the female sexual function of married women compared to the non-circumcised women in the Kurdistan province of Iran...
December 2016: Sexual & Reproductive Healthcare: Official Journal of the Swedish Association of Midwives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27859981/influence-of-acceleration-setting-reaction-by-halogen-light-curing-on-gic-dentin-interface-qualitative-analysis-by-sem
#5
Laysa Yoshioka, Tamara Kerber Tedesco, Ana Flávia Bissoto Calvo, Sabrina Sun Ha Kim, Anna Paula Vieira Ferreira Prado Malagrana, Daniela Prócida Raggio
The aim of this study was to evaluate by scanning electron microscope (SEM) photomicrographs the influence of application of halogen light-curing for fastening the set reaction of high-viscosity glass ionomer cements (GIC) by assessing the material/dentin interface. Twelve human primary canines were assigned in four groups (n = 3) according to the GIC (Fuji IX, GC or Maxxion R, FGM) and application of halogen light-curing (60 sec or control-no external energy). Blocks with approximately 6 mm of height were buildup on previously pre-treated dentin surface in according to the experimental group...
November 17, 2016: Microscopy Research and Technique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27858133/female-genital-mutilation-the-role-of-medical-professional-organizations
#6
Tony Bazi
Female genital mutilation (FGM) refers to alteration of the external genitalia of girls without medical benefit. It is estimated by United Nations agencies that 200 million living girls and women have been subjected to different forms of FGM worldwide. Despite the criminalization of the procedure in the vast majority of countries where it is practiced, the decline in the incidence of this ritual is far from satisfactory. Immediate and long-term ill effects are well documented. Most publications of relevance originate from countries outside the map of FGM...
November 17, 2016: International Urogynecology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27848401/let-s-talk-fgm
#7
(no author information available yet)
A public health nurse at Oxford Health NHS Foundation Trust developed the Let's Talk FGM app using funding from her Mary Seacole Leadership Award.
November 9, 2016: Nursing Standard
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27845551/socioeconomic-and-reproductive-health-outcomes-of-female-genital-mutilation
#8
Mansoureh Refaei, Soodabeh Aghababaei, Abolghasem Pourreza, Seyedeh Zahra Masoumi
BACKGROUND: Female genital mutilation (FGM) is one of the important aspects of reproductive health. The economic, social and health consequences of FGM threaten the achievement of sustainable development goals. The purpose of this study was to assess the economic, social and reproductive health consequences of FGM from the perspective of individual, family, community and health system. METHODS: In this study, we reviewed 1536 articles from 1979 to 2015. Fifty-one studies were directly related to our goal...
November 2016: Archives of Iranian Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27836981/a-computational-fluid-structure-interaction-model-to-predict-the-biomechanical-properties-of-the-artificial-functionally-graded-aorta
#9
Arezoo Khosravi, Milad Salimi Bani, Hossein Bahreinizade, Alireza Karimi
In the present study, three layers of the ascending aorta in respect to the time and space at various blood pressures have been simulated. Two well-known commercial finite element (FE) software have used to be able to provide a range of reliable numerical results while independent on the software type. The radial displacement compared with the time as well as the peripheral stress and von Mises stress of the aorta have calculated. The aorta model was validated using the differential quadrature method (DQM) solution and, then, in order to design functionally graded materials (FGMs) with different heterogeneous indexes for the artificial vessel, two different materials have been employed...
December 2016: Bioscience Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27830941/-the-child-that-tiire-doesn-t-give-you-god-won-t-give-you-either-the-role-of-rotheca-myricoides-in-somali-fertility-practices
#10
Sada Mire
The paper introduces the Baanashada Dumarka, a Somali fertility therapy carried out by a spirit medium, known locally as 'Alaqad. Baanashada is aimed at women whose fertility issues are believed to be caused by spirits. The study also explores a component of the Baanashada, namely, the use of tiire (Rotheca myricoides), or the butterfly bush. Although Rotheca myricoides is known to possess a number of medicinal components as confirmed by studies of modern science, so far, there exist no studies on its potential (or lack of) fertility effects...
December 2016: Anthropology & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27823125/petals
#11
(no author information available yet)
Created by Coventry University, this app aims to provide information to those who are at risk of, or want more information on, female genital mutilation (FGM).
October 5, 2016: Nursing Standard
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27805262/fisher-s-geometrical-model-and-the-mutational-patterns-of-antibiotic-resistance-across-dose-gradients
#12
Noémie Harmand, Romain Gallet, Roula Jabbour-Zahab, Guillaume Martin, Thomas Lenormand
Fisher's geometrical model (FGM) has been widely used to depict the fitness effects of mutations. It is a general model with few underlying assumptions that gives a large and comprehensive view of adaptive processes. It is thus attractive in several situations, for example adaptation to antibiotics, but comes with limitations, so that more mechanistic approaches are often preferred to interpret experimental data. It might be possible however to extend FGM assumptions to better account for mutational data. This is theoretically challenging in the context of antibiotic resistance because resistance mutations are assumed to be rare...
January 2017: Evolution; International Journal of Organic Evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27794727/dh-launches-fgm-resources-for-healthcare-professionals-on-youtube
#13
(no author information available yet)
A series of four short films have been launched to help nurses safeguard and care for women and girls affected by female genital mutilation (FGM).
September 7, 2016: Nursing Standard
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27793119/obstetric-outcomes-for-women-with-female-genital-mutilation-at-an-australian-hospital-2006-2012-a-descriptive-study
#14
Nesrin Varol, Angela Dawson, Sabera Turkmani, John J Hall, Susie Nanayakkara, Greg Jenkins, Caroline S E Homer, Kevin McGeechan
BACKGROUND: Women, who have been subjected to female genital mutilation (FGM), can suffer serious and irreversible physical, psychological and psychosexual complications. They have more adverse obstetric outcomes as compared to women without FGM. Exploratory studies suggest radical change to abandonment of FGM by communities after migration to countries where FGM is not prevalent. Women who had been subjected to FGM as a child in their countries of origin, require specialised healthcare to reduce complications and further suffering...
October 28, 2016: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27788630/educating-about-female-genital-mutilation
#15
Victoria Holmes, Rebecca Farrington, Peggy Mulongo
Female genital mutilation (FGM) is illegal in the UK but nevertheless practised in some immigrant communities. Effective educational approaches are required to inform policy and to direct resources, often in the voluntary sector. The opinions in this article arise from discussions with professionals and members of FGM-practising communities. We highlight the importance of sharing experiences and expertise across health and social care professionals as well as working in partnership with culturally sensitive Non-Governmental Organisations...
October 28, 2016: Education for Primary Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27785105/attitude-toward-female-genital-mutilation-among-somali-and-harari-people-eastern-ethiopia
#16
Asresash Demissie Abathun, Johanne Sundby, Abdi A Gele
BACKGROUND: Female genital mutilation (FGM) is a worldwide problem, and it is practiced by many communities in Africa and Asia as well as immigrants from those areas. This practice results in short- and long-term health consequences on women's health. Like many other developing countries, FGM is widely practiced in Ethiopia, especially among Somali and Harari ethnic groups. Despite intensive campaigns against FGM in Ethiopia, since 2011, it has been practiced in the aforementioned communities...
2016: International Journal of Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27756312/non-invasive-assessment-of-adrenocortical-activity-as-a-measure-of-stress-in-giraffe-giraffa-camelopardalis
#17
Meredith J Bashaw, Florian Sicks, Rupert Palme, Franz Schwarzenberger, Adrian S W Tordiffe, Andre Ganswindt
BACKGROUND: Numbers of giraffes are declining rapidly in their native habitat. As giraffe research and conservation efforts increase, the demand for more complete measures of the impact of conservation interventions and the effects of captive environments on animal health and welfare have risen. We compared the ability of six different enzyme immunoassays to quantify changes in fecal glucocorticoid metabolites (FGM) resulting from three sources: adrenocorticotropic hormone stimulation test, transport, and time of day that samples were collected...
October 18, 2016: BMC Veterinary Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27734741/female-genital-mutilation-a-urology-focus
#18
Elinor Clarke
Female genital mutilation (FGM) is a collective term for the deliberate alteration, removal and cutting of the female genitalia. It has no known health benefits and can have negative physical and psychological consequences. The number of women and girls in the UK that are affected by FGM is unknown. Recent NHS data suggested that FGM has been evident (declared or observed) in women who have accessed health care; however, there are gaps in knowledge and a limited evidence base on the health consequences of FGM...
October 13, 2016: British Journal of Nursing: BJN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27734726/intermittent-self-catheterisation-for-urolgical-problems-caused-by-fgm
#19
Debbie Duncan
This is the fourth and final article in a series on female genital mutilation (FGM). It describes the complications of FGM, with a focus on the urinary ones. FGM refers to all procedures that involve partial or total removal of the external female genitalia and/or damage to other female genital organs for non-medical reasons. The World Health Organization (WHO) has classified FGM into four types (1-4). Women who have type 3 commonly experience long-term complications of their urological tract. The first-line treatment for type 3 FGM involves surgical defibulation, but this is not always successful and women can be left with neurogenic bladder dysfunction and urethral stricture disease...
October 13, 2016: British Journal of Nursing: BJN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27728918/-coping-process-in-women-with-fgm-from-ethiopia-the-contribution-of-attitude
#20
Christina Pechmann, Franz Petermann, Sören Schmidt, Dennis Nitkowski, Anke Köbach, Martina Ruf, Thomas Elbert
The Female Genital Mutilation (FGM) is still practiced in many countries and mainly performed for traditional reasons. In this study, the relationship of the FGM type (type I and type III) with anxiety, depression, and posttraumatic stress disorder as well as the attitude toward FGM was analyzed. For this purpose the data of N=109 of FGM type I and III affected women from Ethiopia were collected. Analyses show moderation effects. It was found that the symptoms of depression and PTSD were less pronounced with a positive attitude towards the FGM in the sample of severely mutilated women (type III)...
November 2016: Psychotherapie, Psychosomatik, Medizinische Psychologie
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