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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27859981/influence-of-acceleration-setting-reaction-by-halogen-light-curing-on-gic-dentin-interface-qualitative-analysis-by-sem
#1
Laysa Yoshioka, Tamara Kerber Tedesco, Ana Flávia Bissoto Calvo, Sabrina Sun Ha Kim, Anna Paula Vieira Ferreira Prado Malagrana, Daniela Prócida Raggio
The aim of this study was to evaluate by scanning electron microscope (SEM) photomicrographs the influence of application of halogen light-curing for fastening the set reaction of high-viscosity glass ionomer cements (GIC) by assessing the material/dentin interface. Twelve human primary canines were assigned in four groups (n = 3) according to the GIC (Fuji IX, GC or Maxxion R, FGM) and application of halogen light-curing (60 sec or control-no external energy). Blocks with approximately 6 mm of height were buildup on previously pre-treated dentin surface in according to the experimental group...
November 17, 2016: Microscopy Research and Technique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27858133/female-genital-mutilation-the-role-of-medical-professional-organizations
#2
Tony Bazi
Female genital mutilation (FGM) refers to alteration of the external genitalia of girls without medical benefit. It is estimated by United Nations agencies that 200 million living girls and women have been subjected to different forms of FGM worldwide. Despite the criminalization of the procedure in the vast majority of countries where it is practiced, the decline in the incidence of this ritual is far from satisfactory. Immediate and long-term ill effects are well documented. Most publications of relevance originate from countries outside the map of FGM...
November 17, 2016: International Urogynecology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27848401/let-s-talk-fgm
#3
(no author information available yet)
A public health nurse at Oxford Health NHS Foundation Trust developed the Let's Talk FGM app using funding from her Mary Seacole Leadership Award.
November 9, 2016: Nursing Standard
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27845551/socioeconomic-and-reproductive-health-outcomes-of-female-genital-mutilation
#4
Mansoureh Refaei, Soodabeh Aghababaei, Abolghasem Pourreza, Seyedeh Zahra Masoumi
BACKGROUND: Female genital mutilation (FGM) is one of the important aspects of reproductive health. The economic, social and health consequences of FGM threaten the achievement of sustainable development goals. The purpose of this study was to assess the economic, social and reproductive health consequences of FGM from the perspective of individual, family, community and health system. METHODS: In this study, we reviewed 1536 articles from 1979 to 2015. Fifty-one studies were directly related to our goal...
November 2016: Archives of Iranian Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27836981/a-computational-fluid-structure-interaction-model-to-predict-the-biomechanical-properties-of-the-artificial-functionally-graded-aorta
#5
Arezoo Khosravi, Milad Salimi Bani, Hossein Bahreinizad, Alireza Karimi
In this study, three layers of the ascending aorta in respect to the time and space at various blood pressures have been simulated. Two well-known commercial Finite Element (FE) software have used to be able to provide a range of reliable numerical results while independent on the software type. The radial displacement versus the time as well as the peripheral stress and von Misses stress of the aorta have calculated. The aorta model was validated using the Differential Quadrature Method (DQM) solution and, then, in order to design Functionally Graded Materials (FGMs) with different heterogeneous indexes for the artificial vessel, two different materials have been employed...
November 11, 2016: Bioscience Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27830941/-the-child-that-tiire-doesn-t-give-you-god-won-t-give-you-either-the-role-of-rotheca-myricoides-in-somali-fertility-practices
#6
Sada Mire
The paper introduces the Baanashada Dumarka, a Somali fertility therapy carried out by a spirit medium, known locally as 'Alaqad. Baanashada is aimed at women whose fertility issues are believed to be caused by spirits. The study also explores a component of the Baanashada, namely, the use of tiire (Rotheca myricoides), or the butterfly bush. Although Rotheca myricoides is known to possess a number of medicinal components as confirmed by studies of modern science, so far, there exist no studies on its potential (or lack of) fertility effects...
November 10, 2016: Anthropology & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27823125/petals
#7
(no author information available yet)
Created by Coventry University, this app aims to provide information to those who are at risk of, or want more information on, female genital mutilation (FGM).
October 5, 2016: Nursing Standard
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27805262/fisher-s-geometrical-model-and-the-mutational-patterns-of-antibiotic-resistance-across-dose-gradients
#8
Noémie Harmand, Romain Gallet, Roula Jabbour-Zahab, Guillaume Martin, Thomas Lenormand
Fisher's geometrical model (FGM) has been widely used to depict the fitness effects of mutations. It is a general model with few underlying assumptions that gives a large and comprehensive view of adaptive processes. It is thus attractive in several situations, for example adaptation to antibiotics, but comes with limitations, so that more mechanistic approaches are often preferred to interpret experimental data. It might be possible however to extend FGM assumptions to better account for mutational data. This is theoretically challenging in the context of antibiotic resistance because resistance mutations are assumed to be rare...
November 2, 2016: Evolution; International Journal of Organic Evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27794727/dh-launches-fgm-resources-for-healthcare-professionals-on-youtube
#9
(no author information available yet)
A series of four short films have been launched to help nurses safeguard and care for women and girls affected by female genital mutilation (FGM).
September 7, 2016: Nursing Standard
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27793119/obstetric-outcomes-for-women-with-female-genital-mutilation-at-an-australian-hospital-2006-2012-a-descriptive-study
#10
Nesrin Varol, Angela Dawson, Sabera Turkmani, John J Hall, Susie Nanayakkara, Greg Jenkins, Caroline S E Homer, Kevin McGeechan
BACKGROUND: Women, who have been subjected to female genital mutilation (FGM), can suffer serious and irreversible physical, psychological and psychosexual complications. They have more adverse obstetric outcomes as compared to women without FGM. Exploratory studies suggest radical change to abandonment of FGM by communities after migration to countries where FGM is not prevalent. Women who had been subjected to FGM as a child in their countries of origin, require specialised healthcare to reduce complications and further suffering...
October 28, 2016: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27788630/educating-about-female-genital-mutilation
#11
Victoria Holmes, Rebecca Farrington, Peggy Mulongo
Female genital mutilation (FGM) is illegal in the UK but nevertheless practised in some immigrant communities. Effective educational approaches are required to inform policy and to direct resources, often in the voluntary sector. The opinions in this article arise from discussions with professionals and members of FGM-practising communities. We highlight the importance of sharing experiences and expertise across health and social care professionals as well as working in partnership with culturally sensitive Non-Governmental Organisations...
October 28, 2016: Education for Primary Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27785105/attitude-toward-female-genital-mutilation-among-somali-and-harari-people-eastern-ethiopia
#12
Asresash Demissie Abathun, Johanne Sundby, Abdi A Gele
BACKGROUND: Female genital mutilation (FGM) is a worldwide problem, and it is practiced by many communities in Africa and Asia as well as immigrants from those areas. This practice results in short- and long-term health consequences on women's health. Like many other developing countries, FGM is widely practiced in Ethiopia, especially among Somali and Harari ethnic groups. Despite intensive campaigns against FGM in Ethiopia, since 2011, it has been practiced in the aforementioned communities...
2016: International Journal of Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27756312/non-invasive-assessment-of-adrenocortical-activity-as-a-measure-of-stress-in-giraffe-giraffa-camelopardalis
#13
Meredith J Bashaw, Florian Sicks, Rupert Palme, Franz Schwarzenberger, Adrian S W Tordiffe, Andre Ganswindt
BACKGROUND: Numbers of giraffes are declining rapidly in their native habitat. As giraffe research and conservation efforts increase, the demand for more complete measures of the impact of conservation interventions and the effects of captive environments on animal health and welfare have risen. We compared the ability of six different enzyme immunoassays to quantify changes in fecal glucocorticoid metabolites (FGM) resulting from three sources: adrenocorticotropic hormone stimulation test, transport, and time of day that samples were collected...
October 18, 2016: BMC Veterinary Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27734741/female-genital-mutilation-a-urology-focus
#14
Elinor Clarke
Female genital mutilation (FGM) is a collective term for the deliberate alteration, removal and cutting of the female genitalia. It has no known health benefits and can have negative physical and psychological consequences. The number of women and girls in the UK that are affected by FGM is unknown. Recent NHS data suggested that FGM has been evident (declared or observed) in women who have accessed health care; however, there are gaps in knowledge and a limited evidence base on the health consequences of FGM...
October 13, 2016: British Journal of Nursing: BJN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27734726/intermittent-self-catheterisation-for-urolgical-problems-caused-by-fgm
#15
Debbie Duncan
This is the fourth and final article in a series on female genital mutilation (FGM). It describes the complications of FGM, with a focus on the urinary ones. FGM refers to all procedures that involve partial or total removal of the external female genitalia and/or damage to other female genital organs for non-medical reasons. The World Health Organization (WHO) has classified FGM into four types (1-4). Women who have type 3 commonly experience long-term complications of their urological tract. The first-line treatment for type 3 FGM involves surgical defibulation, but this is not always successful and women can be left with neurogenic bladder dysfunction and urethral stricture disease...
October 13, 2016: British Journal of Nursing: BJN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27728918/-coping-process-in-women-with-fgm-from-ethiopia-the-contribution-of-attitude
#16
Christina Pechmann, Franz Petermann, Sören Schmidt, Dennis Nitkowski, Anke Köbach, Martina Ruf, Thomas Elbert
The Female Genital Mutilation (FGM) is still practiced in many countries and mainly performed for traditional reasons. In this study, the relationship of the FGM type (type I and type III) with anxiety, depression, and posttraumatic stress disorder as well as the attitude toward FGM was analyzed. For this purpose the data of N=109 of FGM type I and III affected women from Ethiopia were collected. Analyses show moderation effects. It was found that the symptoms of depression and PTSD were less pronounced with a positive attitude towards the FGM in the sample of severely mutilated women (type III)...
October 11, 2016: Psychotherapie, Psychosomatik, Medizinische Psychologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27724946/episiotomy-and-obstetric-outcomes-among-women-living-with-type-3-female-genital-mutilation-a-secondary-analysis
#17
Maria I Rodriguez, Armando Seuc, Lale Say, Michelle J Hindin
BACKGROUND: To investigate the association between type of episiotomy and obstetric outcomes among 6,187 women with type 3 Female Genital Mutilation (FGM). METHODS: We conducted a secondary analysis of women presenting in labor to 28 obstetric centres in Burkina Faso, Ghana, Kenya, Nigeria, Senegal and Sudan between November 2001 and March 2003. Data were analysed using cross tabulations and multivariable logistic regression to determine if type of episiotomy by FGM classification had a significant impact on key maternal outcomes...
October 10, 2016: Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27724920/bibliometric-analysis-of-literature-on-female-genital-mutilation-1930-2015
#18
Waleed M Sweileh
BACKGROUND: Female genital mutilation/cutting (FGM/C) is a common harmful traditional practice in many communities in Africa and to a lesser extent in Middle East and other regions in the world. In order to better understand publishing on this topic, we conducted a bibliometric study on FGM/C. Bibliometric analyses can be used as an indicator of the extent of interaction of researchers, health authorities, and communities with a particular health issue. METHODS: Scopus database was used to retrieve data on FGM/C...
October 10, 2016: Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27716597/comparison-of-hyaluronic-acid-fat-graft-myringoplasty-fat-graft-myringoplasty-and-temporal-fascia-techniques-for-the-closure-of-different-sizes-and-sites-of-tympanic-membrane-perforations
#19
Taylan Gün, Osman Fatih Boztepe, Doğan Atan, Aykut İkincioğulları, Hüseyin Dere
OBJECTIVE: To compare the efficacy of three different myringoplasty techniques, namely hyaluronic acid fat graft myringoplasty (HAFGM), fat graft myringoplasty (FGM), and temporal fascia for the closure of different sizes and sites of tympanic membrane perforations. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed the medical records of patients who had undergone a type 1 tympanoplasty operation at our clinic between May 2007 and February 2013. The patients were divided into three groups depending on the patient's choice of technique as follows: Fat Graft Myringoplasty (FGM) (Group I), Hyaluronic Acid Fat Graft Myringoplasty (HAFGM) (Group II), and Temporalis Fascia (TF) (Group III)...
August 2016: Journal of International Advanced Otology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27707452/female-genital-mutilation-a-systematic-review-of-research-on-its-economic-and-social-impacts-across-four-decades
#20
Emmanuel Kabengele Mpinga, Aurélie Macias, Jennifer Hasselgard-Rowe, Ngianga-Bakwin Kandala, Tshimungu Kandolo Félicien, Henk Verloo, Ngoyi K Zacharie Bukonda, Philippe Chastonay
BACKGROUND: Global efforts to end female genital mutilation (FGM) have intensified in recent decades because of the rising awareness that such a practice is an act of extreme violence against women and girls. Articles on FGM have been published highlighting the combined efforts of international and non-governmental organizations, governments, as well as religious and civil society groups to end the practice. However, the consequences of this research are not well known, and it seems that the socioeconomic aspects of the practice are underreported...
2016: Global Health Action
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