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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28829987/closed-reduction-and-percutaneous-periarticular-single-k-wire-fixation-for-displaced-unstable-transverse-fractures-of-the-proximal-phalanx-in-elderly-osteoporotic-women-a-case-series-of-five-patients
#1
Abdulaziz Alazzam, Mohammad M Al-Qattan
INTRODUCTION: A literature review did not reveal any study investigating the results of surgical management of fractures of the proximal phalanx in elderly osteoporotic women. We present a case series of five patients. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Five consecutive cases with seven fractures of the shaft/base of the proximal phalanx were retrospectively reviewed. The mean age of the study group was 72.4 years (range, 70-76 years). All patients were on treatment for osteoporosis at the time of injury...
August 10, 2017: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28829887/correlation-analysis-of-adamts-4-vcam-1-and-tak1-expression-in-cartilage-tissue-from-spine-tuberculosis
#2
Z X Qiu, Z S Sha, X M Che, M Y Wang
A disintegrin and metalloproteinase with thrombospondin motifs 4 (ADAMTS-4) can effectively degrade articular cartilage matrix proteoglycan and damage the intervertebral disc of spinal tuberculosis patients, resulting in deterioration of the physical properties of articular cartilage. Transforming growth factor β activated kinase 1 (TAK1) is similar to vascular cell adhesion molecule 1 (VCAM-1) and closely related to a variety of pathophysiological processes. This study intended to explore the expression of ADAMTS-4, VCAM-1, and TAK1 in cartilage tissue obtained from spinal tuberculosis patients and their inter-relationships, aiming to provide new treatment approaches for spinal tuberculosis...
August 17, 2017: Genetics and Molecular Research: GMR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28829670/clinical-efficacy-analysis-of-percutaneous-kyphoplasty-combined-with-zoledronic-acid-in-the-treatment-and-prevention-of-osteoporotic-vertebral-compression-fractures
#3
Bin Liu, Fusheng Gan, Yu Ge, Haiyang Yu
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study is to investigate the clinical efficacy of percutaneous kyphoplasty (PKP) combined with zoledronic acid (aclasta) in the treatment and prevention of osteoporotic vertebral compression fractures (OVCF). METHOD: A total of 104 patients with OVCF were treated with PKP from February 15, 2014 to January 17, 2016. All patients were randomly assigned to control and experimental groups, each group having 52 patients. All patients in the control group were treated with PKP...
August 22, 2017: Journal of Investigative Surgery: the Official Journal of the Academy of Surgical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28829198/injuries-in-taekwando-systematic-review
#4
Roger E Thomas, Bennett C Thomas, Marcus M Vaska
OBJECTIVES: Assess rates/1000athletic encounters(AE) in Taekwondo of injuries/age/gender/type/location. METHODS: Searches in 17 electronic, 7 grey-literature databases. Two researchers independently assessed Abstracts/titles and abstracted data. Risk-of-bias assessed with Newcastle-Ottawa scale. Rates/1000AE computed, weighted by study sizes. RESULTS: Eighteen studies included 3 Olympic, 4 world, 1 European, 13 national, 10 provincial and one national school competition...
August 22, 2017: Physician and Sportsmedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28829019/polaribacter-pacificus-sp-nov-isolated-from-a-deep-sea-polymetallic-nodule-from-the-eastern-pacific-ocean
#5
Yanhong Wu, Min Yu, Zenghu Zhang, Yanan Wang, Xiaoting Yang, Xiaolei Wang, Qiaomeng Ren, Zhongcheng Sun, Xiaochong Shi, Xiao-Hua Zhang
A Gram-staining-negative, yellow-colony-forming, rod-shaped, non-flagellated and facultatively aerobic strain, designed HRA130-1T, was isolated from a deep-sea polymetallic nodule from the Pacific Clarion-Clipperton Fracture Zone (CCFZ). Phylogenetic analysis based on 16S rRNA gene sequences indicated that strain HRA130-1T belonged to the genus Polaribacter (96.3-93.2 % 16S rRNA gene sequence similarity), and exhibited 94 % 16S rRNA gene sequence similarity to Polaribacter filamentus KCTC 23135T (type species) and the highest sequence similarity to Polaribacter huanghezhanensis KCTC 32516T (96...
August 22, 2017: International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28828975/customized-titanium-mesh-based-on-the-3d-printed-model-vs-manual-intraoperative-bending-of-titanium-mesh-for-reconstructing-of-orbital-bone-fracture-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#6
Shahrokh Raisian, Hamid Reza Fallahi, Kazem S Khiabani, Mehdi Heidarizadeh, Sadaf Azdoo
BACKGROUND: This study was aimed to compare the efficacy of customized patient-specific titanium mesh based on 3D printed model with intra-operative bending of titanium mesh for reconstructing of orbital floor fracture. METHODS: This study was prospectively conducted on 10 patients with unilateral orbital floor fractures caused by accident or falls. In intervention group (n=5), the CT-scan slices were used for generating 3D reconstruction of both affected and unaffected orbits...
August 21, 2017: Reviews on Recent Clinical Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28828914/the-joint-facial-and-invasive-neck-trauma-j-faint-project-iraq-and-afghanistan-2011-2016
#7
Alexander Lanigan, Brentley Lindsey, Stephen Maturo, Joseph Brennan, Adrienne Laury
Objective Define the number and type of facial and penetrating neck injuries sustained in combat operations in Iraq and Afghanistan from 2011 to 2016. Compare recent injury trends to prior years of modern conflict. Study Design Case series with chart review. Setting Tertiary care hospital. Methods The Joint Theater Trauma Registry (JTTR) was queried for facial and neck injuries from Iraq and Afghanistan from June 2011 to May 2016. Injury patterns, severity, and patient demographics were analyzed and compared to previously published data from combat operations during January 2003 to May 2011...
August 1, 2017: Otolaryngology—Head and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28828908/radical-prostatectomy-for-clinically-localized-prostate-cancer-in-patients-aged-75-years-or-older-comparison-with-primary-androgen-deprivation-therapy
#8
Jae Hyun Ryu, Sang Jin Kim, Yun Beom Kim, Tae Young Jung, Woo Jin Ko, Sun Il Kim, Duk Yoon Kim, Tae Hee Oh, Kyong Tae Moon, Hee Ju Cho, Jeong Man Cho, Tag Keun Yoo
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether radical prostatetomy (RP) is suitable for prostate cancer patients with age ≥75 years in comparison to primary androgen deprivation therapy (PADT). PATIENTS AND METHODS: A cohort study was conducted in clinically localized prostate cancer patients with ≥75 years of age who underwent RP or PADT at six institutions from 2005 to 2013. Patients who had less than 12 months of follow-up, or received neoadjuvant or adjuvant therapy were excluded...
August 22, 2017: Aging Male: the Official Journal of the International Society for the Study of the Aging Male
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28828634/potential-risk-factors-for-birth-fractures-a-case-control-study
#9
Thanase Ariyawatkul, Kitti Worawuthangkul, Chatupon Chotigavanichaya, Kamolporn Kaewpornsawan, Ornusa Chalayon, Perajit Eamsobhana
INTRODUCTION AND HYPOTHESIS: Birth fractures are uncommon but remain a concern among obstetricians. Although such fractures usually heal without long-term sequelae, some are associated with lifelong disabilities, such as brachial plexus injuries. The purpose of this study was primarily to investigate risk factors related to birth fractures. METHODS: This study comprised newborns delivered at our institute between 2003 and 2013. All 46 birth fractures were reviewed and compared with 223 randomly selected normal neonates...
August 21, 2017: International Orthopaedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28828361/driving-pressure-and-mechanical-power-new-targets-for-vili-prevention
#10
REVIEW
Tommaso Tonetti, Francesco Vasques, Francesca Rapetti, Giorgia Maiolo, Francesca Collino, Federica Romitti, Luigi Camporota, Massimo Cressoni, Paolo Cadringher, Michael Quintel, Luciano Gattinoni
Several factors have been recognized as possible triggers of ventilator-induced lung injury (VILI). The first is pressure (thus the 'barotrauma'), then the volume (hence the 'volutrauma'), finally the cyclic opening-closing of the lung units ('atelectrauma'). Less attention has been paid to the respiratory rate and the flow, although both theoretical considerations and experimental evidence attribute them a significant role in the generation of VILI. The initial injury to the lung parenchyma is necessarily mechanical and it could manifest as an unphysiological distortion of the extracellular matrix and/or as micro-fractures in the hyaluronan, likely the most fragile polymer embedded in the matrix...
July 2017: Annals of Translational Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28828342/effect-of-intravenous-morphine-and-ketorolac-on-pain-control-in-long-bones-fractures
#11
Babak Masoumi, Behdad Farzaneh, Omid Ahmadi, Farhad Heidari
BACKGROUND: According to the lack of adequate studies on comparing the analgesic effect and complications of ketorolac with morphine in long bone fractures, this study aimed to compare the efficacy of ketorolac with morphine in patients referring to the Emergency Department with long bones damage and fracture. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this clinical trial study, 88 patients with long bone fracture were selected randomly and divided into two groups. To scale the intensity of pain, visual analog scale (VAS) were used...
2017: Advanced Biomedical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28828161/effect-of-saliva-contamination-on-cementation-of-orthodontic-brackets-using-different-adhesive-systems
#12
Aliden-Willian Robaski, Saulo Pamato, Marcelo Tomás-de Oliveira, Jefferson-Ricardo Pereira
BACKGROUND: The enamel condition and the quality of surface are points that need to be considered for achieving optimal efficiency in the treatment with orthodontic brackets. The aim of this study was to assess the immediate bond strength of metallic brackets cemented to dental. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Forty human premolars were double-sectioned, placed in PVC matrices and randomly divided into 10 groups (n=8). They received artificial saliva contamination before or after the application of adhesive systems, except for the control groups...
July 2017: Journal of Clinical and Experimental Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28828154/analysis-of-surface-characteristics-of-protaper-universal-and-protaper-next-instruments-by-scanning-electron-microscopy
#13
Jeffery Bennett, Kwok-Hung Chung, Hanson Fong, James Johnson, Avina Paranjpe
BACKGROUND: Many new rotary files systems have been introduced, however, limited research has been conducted related to the surface irregularities of these files and if these have any effects on the files themselves. Hence, the aim of the present study was to analyze surface irregularities of the ProTaper® Universal rotary files (PTU) and the ProTaper Next™ rotary files (PTN) before and after instrumentation in curved canals. The main objective was to investigate the nature of these irregularities and how they might influence the use and fracture of rotary files during root-canal treatments...
July 2017: Journal of Clinical and Experimental Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28828148/spectrophotometric-analysis-of-crown-discoloration-following-the-use-of-silver-nanoparticles-combined-with-calcium-hydroxide-as-intracanal-medicament
#14
Farzaneh Afkhami, Sadaf Elahy, Alireza Mahmoudi-Nahavandi
BACKGROUND: Optimal antibacterial efficacy of intracanal medicaments containing silver nanoparticles (Ag-NPs) has been well documented. However, concerns remain regarding the effect of Ag-NPs on tooth color. This study aimed to assess the effects of calcium hydroxide (CH) mixed with Ag-NPs as intracanal medicaments on tooth color. The effect of location of application of medicament on the degree of discoloration was evaluated as well. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Fifty extracted single-rooted, single-canal human teeth with straight roots, no caries, no cracks or fractures were collected and accessed...
July 2017: Journal of Clinical and Experimental Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28828129/salter-harris-i-fracture-of-the-distal-humerus-in-a-neonate-imaging-appearance-of-radiographs-ultrasound-and-arthrography
#15
Nicholas M Beckmann, Lindsay Crawford
Neonatal Salter-Harris I fractures of the distal humerus are a rare injury. This injury can be easily mistaken for a posterior elbow dislocation, creating a delay in diagnosis. We present a case of a neonate with a distal humerus Salter-Harris I fracture secondary to trauma during delivery. The patient presented with pseudoparesis of the left arm following birth. Posterior displacement of the elbow was identified on radiographs. Ultrasound of the elbow was performed after a gentle closed reduction of the left elbow was unsuccessful...
September 2017: Radiology case reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28828108/rare-imaging-of-a-known-entity-fat-embolism-seen-on-ct-in-lower-extremity-vein-after-trauma
#16
Varun Chowdhary, Varun Mehta, Tushar Bajaj, Jonathan Scheiner
Fat embolism occurs in the vast majority of patients who have had trauma (approximately 90%). The most common occurrence is after long bone fracture. It has also been noted in cases after orthopedic surgery. Fat embolism is most often diagnosed when the clinical manifestations of fat embolism syndrome become apparent. Reported cases of fat emboli in transit are unusual. In our case, we present the rare finding of fat embolism seen on computed tomography in the lower extremity after a trauma.
September 2017: Radiology case reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28828065/regenerate-bone-fracture-rate-following-femoral-lengthening-in-paediatric-patients
#17
N G Burke, A J Cassar-Gheiti, J Tan, G McHugh, B J O'Neil, M Noonan, D Moore
PURPOSE: Femoral lengthening using a circular or mono-lateral frame is a commonly used technique. Fracture at the site of the regenerate bone is a major concern especially following removal of the external fixator. This aim of this study was to assess the rate of fracture of the regenerate bone in this single surgeon series of paediatric patients and determine potential risk factors. METHODS: Retrospective review of all the femoral lengthening performed by the senior author was performed...
June 1, 2017: Journal of Children's Orthopaedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28828064/increasing-rates-of-surgical-treatment-for-paediatric-diaphyseal-forearm-fractures-a-national-database-study-from-2000-to-2012
#18
A I Cruz, J E Kleiner, S F DeFroda, J A Gil, A H Daniels, C P Eberson
FOREARM: Purpose fractures are one of the most commonly sustained injuries in children and are often treated non-operatively. The purpose of this study was to estimate the rate of inpatient surgical treatment of paediatric forearm fractures over time using a large, publicly available, national database. METHODS: The Healthcare Cost and Utilization Project (HCUP) Kids' Inpatient Database (KID) was evaluated between 2000 and 2012. Forearm fractures and surgeries were identified using International Classification of Diseases, 9th Revision, Clinical Modification (ICD-9 CM) diagnosis and procedure codes...
June 1, 2017: Journal of Children's Orthopaedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28828063/analysis-of-pelvic-fracture-pattern-and-overall-orthopaedic-injury-burden-in-children-sustaining-pelvic-fractures-based-on-skeletal-maturity
#19
M K Shaath, K L Koury, P D Gibson, V M Lelkes, J S Hwang, J A Ippolito, M R Adams, M S Sirkin, M C Reilly
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to review pelvic fractures and concomitant orthopaedic injuries in children who have a patent triradiate cartilage (TRO) compared with children whose triradiate cartilage has closed (TRC). We hypothesise that these injuries will differ, leading to correlated alterations in management. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Using a database, we retrospectively reviewed patients aged below 18 years with pelvic fractures presenting to our Level 1 trauma center...
June 1, 2017: Journal of Children's Orthopaedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28828062/femoral-neck-fractures-in-osteogenesis-imperfecta-treated-with-bisphosphonates
#20
M C Papanna, S Tafazal, M J Bell, S N Giles, J A Fernandes
PURPOSE: Osteogenesis imperfecta (OI) is a condition characterised by bone fragility and multiple fractures, which cause considerable morbidity in the affected patients. Most cases are associated with mutations in one of the type I collagen genes. Recently, bisphosponates have been used widely to reduce pain and the incidence of fragility fractures in OI in children, even though there have been concerns raised regarding the long-term complications of it due to their effect on the bone...
June 1, 2017: Journal of Children's Orthopaedics
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