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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28449561/differences-in-resting-state-quantitative-electroencephalography-patterns-in-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-with-or-without-comorbid-symptoms
#1
Jun Won Kim, Soo Yeon Kim, Jae-Won Choi, Kyoung Min Kim, Sojeong Hannah Nam, Kyung Joon Min, Young Sik Lee, Tae Young Choi
Objective: The aim of the present study was to evaluate the role of comorbid psychiatric symptoms on quantitative electroencephalogram (QEEG) activities in boys with the attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). Methods: All participants were male students in the second, third or fourth grade in elementary school. Therefore, there were no significant differences in age or sex. Participants with ADHD were assigned to one of three groups: pure ADHD (n=22), ADHD with depressive symptoms (n=11), or ADHD with problematic internet use (n=19)...
May 31, 2017: Clinical Psychopharmacology and Neuroscience: the Official Scientific Journal of the Korean College of Neuropsychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28449551/a-survey-of-korean-physicians-prescription-patterns-for-allergic-rhinitis
#2
Min Young Seo, Dong-Kyu Kim, Hye Mi Jee, Young Min Ahn, Yong Min Kim, Sang Duk Hong
Objectives: The aim of this study was to compare the prescription patterns according to characteristics of physicians using a survey distributed amongst physicians in Korea. Methods: We surveyed the prescription patterns for allergic rhinitis (AR) of the members of the Korean Academy of Asthma, Allergy and Clinical Immunology (KAAACI) and the Korean Association of Otorhinolaryngologists (KAO). Questionnaire contained 4 categories with 28 queries. 448 physicians including 98 internal medicine (IM), 113 pediatrics (PED), and 237 otorhinolaryngology (ENT) were responded...
April 28, 2017: Clinical and Experimental Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28449550/modeling-the-effects-of-nanopatterned-surfaces-on-wetting-states-of-droplets
#3
Ke Xiao, Yanping Zhao, Gang Ouyang, Xinlei Li
An analytic thermodynamic model has been established to quantitatively investigate the wetting states of droplets on nanopatterned surfaces. Based on the calculations for the free energies of droplets with the Wenzel state and the Cassie-Baxter state, it is found that the size and shape of nanostructured surfaces play crucial roles in wetting states. In detail, for nanohole-patterned surfaces, the deep and thin nanoholes lead to the Cassie-Baxter state, and contrarily, the shallow and thick nanoholes result in the Wenzel state...
December 2017: Nanoscale Research Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28449545/structural-variety-and-adsorptive-properties-of-mesoporous-silicas-with-immobilized-oligosaccharide-groups
#4
Iryna Trofymchuk, Nadiia Roik, Lyudmila Belyakova
In this research, we report on the synthesis of mesoporous silicas with various quantities of immobilized oligosaccharide groups and different pore ordering degree. The hydrothermal co-condensation of tetraethyl orthosilicate and β-cyclodextrin-containing organosilane in the presence of cetyltrimethylammonium bromide template was employed. The purpose of this investigation was to show the opportunity of increasing β-cyclodextrin content in silica matrix by changing the molar ratio of initial reagents during organosilane synthesis and to determine whether the enhancing of immobilized groups on the surface influences on model aromatic compound adsorption from water...
December 2017: Nanoscale Research Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28449542/estimation-of-the-number-of-quantum-dots-immobilized-on-an-ultra-flat-au-surface
#5
Hiroki Ito, Atsushi Iio, Katsutoshi Tokuhara, Hiroyuki Sakaue, Yutaka Kadoya, Hitoshi Suzuki
Quantum dots (QDs) were immobilized on an ultra-flat Au surface by using amide binding between the carboxyl groups on the QDs and the amino groups of the self-assembled monolayer on the surface. The number density of the QDs estimated by atomic force microscopy (AFM) agreed with the quantity of QDs estimated by X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy and fluorescence microscopy. QDs were also immobilized on dot patterns fabricated by e-beam lithography. AFM was able to identify clusters of just a few QDs on the dot patterns, whose minimum designed size was 50 nm × 50 nm per dot...
December 2017: Nanoscale Research Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28449441/cancer-prevention-from-the-perspective-of-global-cancer-burden-patterns
#6
EDITORIAL
Hiroki Nagai, Young Hak Kim
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2017: Journal of Thoracic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28449421/-the-role-of-micrornas-in-colorectal-cancer
#7
REVIEW
Sang Wook Kim
Colorectal cancer (CRC) is one of the leading causes of cancer related deaths in the world. Many oncogenes and tumor suppressor genes are involved in the development of CRC. MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are a class of small, non-coding, endogenous RNAs in animals and plants. Recent studies have shown that miRNAs are associated with the mediation process of tumorigenesis, including inflammation, cell cycle, stress response, differentiation, apoptosis, migration, and invasion in cancer. These miRNAs have been linked to the development of CRC and recently studied as new potential biomarkers in the diagnosis and treatment for CRC...
April 25, 2017: Korean Journal of Gastroenterology, Taehan Sohwagi Hakhoe Chi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28449405/the-impact-of-lesion-location-on-dysphagia-incidence-pattern-and-complications-in-acute-stroke-part-2-oropharyngeal-residue-swallow-and-cough-response-and-pneumonia
#8
S Suntrup-Krueger, A Kemmling, T Warnecke, C Hamacher, S Oelenberg, T Niederstadt, W Heindel, H Wiendl, R Dziewas
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Dysphagia is a well-known complication of acute stroke. Given the complexity of cerebral swallowing control it is still difficult to predict which patients are likely to develop swallowing dysfunction based on their neuroimaging. In Part 2 of a comprehensive voxel-based imaging study, whether the location of a stroke lesion can be correlated with further dysfunctional swallowing patterns, pulmonary protective reflexes and pneumonia was evaluated. METHODS: In all, 200 acute stroke cases were investigated applying flexible endoscopic evaluation of swallowing within 96 h from admission...
April 27, 2017: European Journal of Neurology: the Official Journal of the European Federation of Neurological Societies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28449404/changes-in-prescribing-and-healthcare-resource-utilization-after-fda-drug-safety-communications-involving-zolpidem-containing-medications
#9
Aaron S Kesselheim, Macarius Donneyong, Gerald J Dal Pan, Esther H Zhou, Jerry Avorn, Sebastian Schneeweiss, John D Seeger
PURPOSE: Products containing the sedative/hypnotic zolpidem were subject to Drug Safety Communications (DSCs) in January and May 2013 describing the risk of next-morning impairment and recommending lower starting doses particularly for women. This study aimed to assess whether zolpidem DSCs were associated with prescribing-pattern changes between January 2011 and December 2013. METHODS: We assessed overall dispensings of zolpidem-containing products between January 2011 and December 2013 by conducting a time-series analysis...
April 27, 2017: Pharmacoepidemiology and Drug Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28449384/iron-status-body-size-and-growth-in-the-first-2%C3%A2-years-of-life
#10
Elaine K McCarthy, Carol Ní Chaoimh, Louise C Kenny, Jonathan O'B Hourihane, Alan D Irvine, Deirdre M Murray, Mairead E Kiely
Rapid growth in infancy has been shown to adversely affect iron status up to 1 year; however the effect of growth on iron status in the second year of life has been largely unexplored. We aimed to investigate the impact of growth and body size in the first 2 years on iron status at 2 years. In the prospective, maternal-infant Cork BASELINE Birth Cohort Study, infant weight and length were measured at birth, 2, 6, 12, and 24 months and absolute weight (kg) and length (cm) gain from 0 to 2, 0 to 6, 0 to 12, 6 to 12, 12 to 24, and 0 to 24 months were calculated...
April 27, 2017: Maternal & Child Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28449278/seroepidemiology-and-molecular-characterization-of-hepatitis-e-virus-infection-in-swine-and-occupationally-exposed-workers-in-punjab-india
#11
M Bansal, S Kaur, D Deka, R Singh, J P S Gill
Hepatitis E virus (HEV) has two discrete epidemiological patterns: waterborne epidemics in developing countries only, caused by HEV genotype I, and sporadic zoonotic outbreaks in developing and developed countries caused by genotypes III and IV. This study was designed to investigate seroprevalence, molecular detection and the characterization of HEV by nested RT-PCR in swine as well as the occupational risk to exposed human population in Punjab state of north-western India. The occupational risk-exposed group comprised of swine farmers (organized - mixed feed feeders and unorganized - swill feeders), slaughterhouse workers, sewage workers and veterinary internes...
April 27, 2017: Zoonoses and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28449277/expertise-shapes-domain-specific-functional-cerebral-asymmetry-during-mental-imagery-the-case-of-culinary-arts-and-music
#12
Moustafa Bensafi, Arnaud Fournel, Pauline Joussain, Johan Poncelet, Lauranne Przybylski
Mental imagery in experts has been documented in visual arts, music and dance. Here, we examined this issue in an understudied art domain, namely culinary arts. Previous research investigating mental imagery in experts has reported either a stronger involvement of the right hemisphere or bilateral brain activation. The first aim of our study was to examine whether culinary arts also recruit such a hemispheric pattern specifically during odor mental imagery. In a second aim, we investigated whether expertise effects observed in a given sensory domain transfer to another modality...
April 27, 2017: European Journal of Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28449270/strong-association-between-cardiorespiratory-fitness-and-serum-lipoprotein-subclass-pattern-in-prepubertal-healthy-children
#13
Geir Kåre Resaland, Tarja Rajalahti, Eivind Aadland, Olav Martin Kvalheim
AIM: To reveal the lipoprotein subclass pattern associated to cardiorespiratory fitness (CRF) in healthy children. METHODS: Serum concentrations of lipoprotein subclasses and concentrations and average particle size of their main classes were quantified in 94 ethnic Norwegian children using high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC). Twenty-four lipoprotein features were used as input to multivariate regression analysis with CRF measured either as peak oxygen consumption (VO2peak) using a continuous treadmill protocol or indirectly by the 10 minute Andersen intermittent running field test...
April 27, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Medicine & Science in Sports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28449250/self-assembly-of-peptide-boroxoles-on-cis-dihydroxylated-oligoamide-templates-in-water
#14
André Wuttke, Armin Geyer
We develop templates that can be used to stabilize consistent oligomers of a bioactive peptide. In the present study, we synthesize oligomers of an antibody epitope from the amyloidogenic prion protein. Dynamic covalent chemistry is the basis for the spontaneous condensation of 2, 3, 4 or 6 peptides with qualified polyol templates presenting the required number of bioorthogonal ligation sites. To study this process in aqueous solution, the N-terminal amino acid of a 13-mer peptide is first acylated with 4-carboxy-benzoboroxole (1-hydroxy-1,3-dihydrobenzo[c][1,2] oxaborole-5-carboxylic acid) and then mixed with the template to obtain self-assembled miniamyloids of specified degree of oligomerization...
April 27, 2017: Journal of Peptide Science: An Official Publication of the European Peptide Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28449247/informant-discrepancy-defines-discrete-clinically-useful-autism-spectrum-disorder-subgroups
#15
Matthew D Lerner, Andres De Los Reyes, Deborah A G Drabick, Alan H Gerber, Kenneth D Gadow
BACKGROUND: Discrepancy between informants (parents and teachers) in severity ratings of core symptoms commonly arise when assessing autism spectrum disorder (ASD). Whether such discrepancy yields unique information about the ASD phenotype and its clinical correlates has not been examined. We examined whether degree of discrepancy between parent and teacher ASD symptom ratings defines discrete, clinically meaningful subgroups of youth with ASD using an efficient, cost-effective procedure...
April 27, 2017: Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, and Allied Disciplines
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28449233/an-evaluation-of-the-international-society-for-animal-genetics-recommended-parentage-and-identification-panel-for-the-domestic-pigeon-columba-livia-domestica
#16
M de Groot, W A van Haeringen
In this study, the International Society for Animal Genetics (ISAG) recommended panel for the identification of the domestic pigeon (Columba livia domestica) is characterized based on commonly used statistical parameters. The marker panel is based on 16 short tandem repeat (STR) loci (PIGN15, PIGN10, PIGN57, PIGN26, CliμD16, CliμD19, PIGN12, CliμD17, CliμT17, PIGN04, CliμD01, CliμD11, CliμD35, CliμT02, CliμT13, CliμT43). The alleles of the 16 loci consist of a mixture of tri-, tetra-, penta- and hexameric repeat patterns...
April 27, 2017: Animal Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28449222/tspan33-is-expressed-in-transitional-and-memory-b-cells-but-is-not-responsible-for-high-adam10-expression
#17
César Augusto Pérez-Martínez, José Luis Maravillas-Montero, Iván Meza-Herrera, Felipe Vences-Catalán, Albert Zlotnik, Leopoldo Santos-Argumedo
Tetraspanins are a family of transmembrane proteins that form membrane microdomains. They play important roles in migration, adhesion, and other cellular processes. TspanC8, a subfamily of tetraspanins, were found to associate and promote ADAM10 trafficking and cell surface localization. One of its members, Tspan33, is expressed in activated B cells. Using RT-PCR and flow cytometry, we analyzed the pattern of expression of Tspan33 in B cells from healthy donors. We found Tspan33 expression in early and late stages of B cell development...
April 27, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28449194/center-of-pressure-profiles-in-unilateral-compared-to-bilateral-end-stage-ankle-osteoarthritis-patients
#18
Jonathan R Gladish, Douglas W Powell, Lindsey E Allison, Robin M Queen
Ankle osteoarthritis compromises ankle joint stability in regards to static balance. Unilateral and bilateral osteoarthritis patients often exhibit different limb-loading patterns during static balance tasks. Symmetrical loading has been posited to improve balance performance. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to quantify balance performance in both ankle osteoarthritis patient groups. Twenty-two unilateral and twenty-one bilateral ankle osteoarthritis patients performed three 10-second quiet standing trials with their feet together...
April 27, 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic Research: Official Publication of the Orthopaedic Research Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28449116/the-iconography-of-mourning-and-its-neural-correlates-a-functional-neuroimaging-study
#19
Karin Labek, Samantha Berger, Anna Buchheim, Julia Bosch, Jennifer Spohrs, Lisa Dommes, Petra Beschoner, Julia C Stingl, Roberto Viviani
The present functional neuroimaging study focuses on the iconography of mourning. A culture-specific pattern of body postures of mourning individuals, mostly suggesting withdrawal, emerged from a survey of visual material. When used in different combinations in stylized drawings in our neuroimaging study, this material activated cortical areas commonly seen in studies of social cognition (temporo-parietal junction, superior temporal gyrus, and inferior temporal lobe), empathy for pain (somatosensory cortex), and loss (precuneus, middle/posterior cingular gyrus)...
April 25, 2017: Social Cognitive and Affective Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28449112/phenotypic-variability-of-the-amazonian-species-rhodnius-brethesi-hemiptera-reduviidae
#20
A C Souza, S Catalá, A L Carbajal de la Fuente, A C V Junqueira
The wild species Rhodnius brethesi (Matta, 1919) (Hemiptera: Reduviidae) is found in areas of piassabais in microregion of Rio Negro, Amazonas, Brazil. Its geographical distribution overlaps the areas of Leopoldinia piassaba palm. In areas where palm trees are found, transmission cycle of Trypanosoma cruzi is related to the extractive activity of the palm fiber, exposing workers to wild vector transmission of this parasite. The close association with the palm tree L. piassaba suggests that this wild triatomine has special features in its sensory system allowing specificity of ecotope...
April 25, 2017: Journal of Medical Entomology
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