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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28453866/use-of-1-h-post-load-plasma-glucose-concentration-to-identify-individuals-at-high-risk-of-developing-type-2-diabetes
#1
R Jagannathan, M Bergman
In view of the increasing burden of Type 2 diabetes on healthcare systems, considerable attention has been focused on identifying and treating individuals at high risk of the disease. This has led to the designation of 'prediabetes or intermediary hyperglycaemia', describing a fasting, 2-h plasma glucose (PG) or HbA1c level above the so-called normal range, but below that defining diabetes. According to the International Diabetes Federation, 318 million adults aged 20-79 years had prediabetes in 2015, and this is expected to rise to 481 million by 2040 [1] ...
April 28, 2017: Diabetic Medicine: a Journal of the British Diabetic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28453622/the-impact-of-exercise-on-cancer-mortality-recurrence-and-treatment-related-adverse-effects
#2
Prue Cormie, Eva M Zopf, Xiaochen Zhang, Kathryn H Schmitz
The combination of an increasing number of new cancer cases and improving survival rates has led to a large and rapidly growing population with unique health-care requirements. Exercise has been proposed as a strategy to help address the issues faced by cancer patients. Supported by a growing body of research, major health organizations commonly identify the importance of incorporating exercise in cancer care and advise patients to be physically active. This systematic review comprehensively summarizes the available epidemiologic and randomized controlled trial evidence investigating the role of exercise in the management of cancer...
April 27, 2017: Epidemiologic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28449291/consumer-and-carer-perspectives-in-the-development-of-a-mental-health-research-treatment-and-teaching-facility-a-thematic-analysis
#3
M Katsikitis, B R Lane, I Ozols, D Statham
INTRODUCTION: Recovery-oriented mental health policies recognise consumer and carer participation in service decision-making as essential, but little is known about the views of these individuals in the earliest stages of service development. AIM: This study sought consumer and carer perspectives addressing the establishment of a mental health research, treatment, and teaching facility in their region. METHODS: Two 2 hr focus groups were conducted, with separate groups held for mental health consumers (n = 9) and carers (n = 9) respectively...
April 27, 2017: Journal of Psychiatric and Mental Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28448916/on-the-necessity-of-improving-the-environmental-impacts-of-furniture-and-appliances-in-net-zero-energy-buildings
#4
Endrit Hoxha, Thomas Jusselme
There is now clear evidence regarding the extensive use of furniture and appliances in daily human life, but there is less evidence of their impact on the environment. Responding to this gap in knowledge, this study focuses on an assessment of the environmental impacts of furniture and appliances as used in highly energy efficient buildings. Their primary energy, non-renewable energy and global warming potential indicators have been assessed by extending the boundaries of the Life Cycle Assessment (LCA) study beyond the building itself...
April 24, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28447363/tobacco-packaging-design-for-reducing-tobacco-use
#5
REVIEW
Ann McNeill, Shannon Gravely, Sara C Hitchman, Linda Bauld, David Hammond, Jamie Hartmann-Boyce
BACKGROUND: Tobacco use is the largest single preventable cause of death and disease worldwide. Standardised tobacco packaging is an intervention intended to reduce the promotional appeal of packs and can be defined as packaging with a uniform colour (and in some cases shape and size) with no logos or branding, apart from health warnings and other government-mandated information, and the brand name in a prescribed uniform font, colour and size. Australia was the first country to implement standardised tobacco packaging between October and December 2012, France implemented standardised tobacco packaging on 1 January 2017 and several other countries are implementing, or intending to implement, standardised tobacco packaging...
April 27, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28445788/an-emerging-role-for-the-ribosome-as-a-nexus-for-post-translational-modifications
#6
REVIEW
Deniz Simsek, Maria Barna
The ribosome is one of life's most ancient molecular machines that has historically been viewed as a backstage participant in gene regulation, translating the genetic code across all kingdoms of life in a rote-like fashion. However, recent studies suggest that intrinsic components of the ribosome can be regulated and diversified as a means to intricately control the expression of the cellular proteome. In this review, we discuss advances in the characterization of ribosome post-translational modifications (PTMs) from past to present...
April 22, 2017: Current Opinion in Cell Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28445608/sexual-and-gender-minority-adolescents-views-on-hiv-research-participation-and-parental-permission-a-mixed-methods-study
#7
Brian Mustanski, Ryan Coventry, Kathryn Macapagal, Miriam R Arbeit, Celia B Fisher
CONTEXT: Sexual and gender minority adolescents are underrepresented in HIV research, partly because institutional review boards (IRBs) are reluctant to waive parental permission requirements for these studies. Understanding teenagers' perspectives on parental permission and the risks and benefits of participating in HIV research is critical to informing evidence-based IRB decisions. METHODS: Data from 74 sexual and gender minority adolescents aged 14-17 who participated in an online focus group in 2015 were used to examine perspectives on the risks and benefits of participation in a hypothetical HIV surveillance study and the need for parental permission and adequate protections...
April 26, 2017: Perspectives on Sexual and Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28445165/non-diverging-analytical-expression-for-the-sensitivity-of-converging-spect-collimators
#8
Jarno van Roosmalen, Marlies C Goorden
Accurate analytical expressions for collimator resolution and sensitivity are important tools in the optimization of SPECT systems. However, presently known expressions for the sensitivity of converging collimators either diverge near the focal point or focal line(s), or are only valid on the collimator axis. As a result, these expressions are unsuitable to calculate volumetric sensitivity for e.g. short-focal length collimators that focus inside the object to enhance sensitivity. To also enable collimator optimization for these geometries, we here present non-diverging sensitivity formulas for astigmatic, cone beam and fan beam collimators that are applicable over the full collimator's field-of-view...
April 26, 2017: Physics in Medicine and Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28444683/-atypical-guillain-barre-syndrome-clustering-is-it-necessary-to-reconsider-the-diagnostic-criteria-and-microbiological-protocol
#9
A Dominguez-Mayoral, C Gutierrez, J M Lopez-Dominguez, S Eichau, J Abril, G Navarro-Mascarell, M A Quesada-Garcia, M Ramos, M Alvarez-Lopez, C Menendez-De Leon, G Izquierdo
INTRODUCTION: Guillain-Barre syndrome is classically defined as a symmetrical ascending acute polyradiculoneuropathy, although there are atypical variants that make diagnosis difficult. CASE REPORTS: The medical data of six patients in our hospital area are collected during the first quarter of 2013. Lumbar punctures, imaging, neurophysiological studies, ganglioside antibodies and serologies have been proposed in all cases. We focus on the atypical features as late hyporeflexia, increased frequency of asymmetry and distal paresis and initial fever...
May 1, 2017: Revista de Neurologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28444617/computational-theory-underlying-acute-vestibulo-ocular-reflex-motor-learning-with-cerebellar-long-term-depression-and-long-term-potentiation
#10
Keiichiro Inagaki, Yutaka Hirata
The vestibulo-ocular reflex (VOR) can be viewed as an adaptive control system that maintains compensatory eye movements during head motion. As the cerebellar flocculus is intimately involved in this adaptive motor control of the VOR, the VOR has been a popular model system for investigating cerebellar motor learning. Long-term depression (LTD) and long-term potentiation (LTP) at the parallel fiber-Purkinje cell synapses are considered to play major roles in cerebellar motor learning. A recent study using mutant mice demonstrated cerebellar motor learning with hampered LTD; the study concluded that the parallel fiber-Purkinje cell LTD is not essential...
April 25, 2017: Cerebellum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28442858/observer-variability-in-evaluating-pisotriquetral-osteoarthritis-using-pisotriquetral-view
#11
Erik Heeg, Paul W L Ten Berg, Mario Maas, Simon D Strackee
A pisotriquetral (semilateral) view of the wrist may improve the assessment of pisotriquetral osteoarthritis (OA), but its reliability and reproducibility are unclear. The purpose of this cross-sectional observer study was to investigate (1) the inter- and intraobserver agreement of evaluating pisotriquetral OA using pisotriquetral views with a special focus on sclerosis, joint space width (JSW) narrowing and osteophyte formation, and (2) the incidence of these latter radiographic features in patients suspected for pisotriquetral OA...
April 2017: Journal of Hand and Microsurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28441677/building-a-global-online-community-of-practice-the-openpediatrics-world-shared-practices-video-series
#12
Traci A Wolbrink, Niranjan Kissoon, Nabila Mirza, Jeffrey P Burns
PROBLEM: Health care professionals are familiar with engaging in local communities of practice (CoPs) within their hospital, region, and/or country, but despite the availability of online technologies that facilitate online global collaboration, the health care sector has yet to fully embrace these tools. APPROACH: In 2013, OPENPediatrics (an online social learning platform) launched the World Shared Practices video (WSP) series to engage and coalesce the global community of critical care clinicians...
May 2017: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28441523/carbohydrates-and-gibberellins-relationship-in-potato-tuberization
#13
Hana Ševčíková, Petra Mašková, Danuše Tarkowská, Tomáš Mašek, Helena Lipavská
Potato represents the third most important crop worldwide and therefore to understand regulations of tuber onset is crucial from both theoretical and practical points of view. Photosynthesis and related carbohydrate status along with phytohormone balance belong to the essential factors in regulation of plant development including storage organ formation. In our work we used potato (Solanum tuberosum) cv. Lada and its spontaneously tuberizing mutant (ST plants) grown in vitro under low carbohydrate availability (non-inductive conditions)...
April 8, 2017: Journal of Plant Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28439978/simulation-of-commercial-vs-theoretically-optimised-contact-lenses-for-presbyopia
#14
Richard Legras, David Rio
PURPOSE: To compare theoretically optimised bifocal contact lens optical designs to commercially available optical designs for presbyopia. METHODS: Retinal images were simulated, using a numerical eye model, from -6 (i.e., near vision) to +2 D for each 0.25 D. Ten optical profiles were simulated. Four of them corresponded to commercial contact lenses (i.e., Acuvue Oasys for Presbyopia®, Air Optix Aqua Multifocal®, Purevision Multifocal® and Distance Biofinity Multifocal®)...
May 2017: Ophthalmic & Physiological Optics: the Journal of the British College of Ophthalmic Opticians (Optometrists)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28438496/from-the-implementing-best-practice-guidelines-in-pain-assessment-and-management-on-a-women-s-psychiatric-inpatient-unit-exploring-patients-perceptions
#15
Cheryl Rolin-Gilman, Bonnie Fournier, Kristin Cleverley
Assessing and managing chronic pain in women with histories of interpersonal trauma, mood disorders and co-morbid addiction is complex. The aim of this paper is to report on the findings from a quality improvement project exploring women's experiences who have co-occurring mental health issues, addiction and chronic pain. Exploring perceptions was an initial step in implementing the Registered Nurses' Association of Ontario (RNAO) Best Practice Guideline (BPG) on the Assessment and Management of Pain. Focus group discussions were conducted using an exploratory design with 10 women who were hospitalized in an acute psychiatric unit...
April 21, 2017: Pain Management Nursing: Official Journal of the American Society of Pain Management Nurses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28436843/fabrication-and-performance-of-a-miniaturized-and-integrated-endoscope-ultrasound-convex-array-for-digestive-tract-imaging
#16
Jue Peng, Xiaojian Peng, Hu Tang, Xiaozhen Li, Ruimin Chen, Yang Li, Tianfu Wang, Siping Chen, Koping Shung, Qifa Zhou
OBJECTIVE: This work presents the design, fabrication and testing of a miniaturized and integrated ultrasound endoscope for use as an in situ digestive diagnostic device to facilitate real-time ultrasound guidance of intervention treatments. METHODS: We designed an optimal structure to integrate an auto-focus 5-megapixel camera module with an 8-MHz, 64-element curvilinear ultrasonic array in one miniaturized package. A novel three-axis auto-focusing voice coil motor (VCM) was designed and manufactured for the camera module to move the lens position for auto-focusing and to adjust the lens tilt...
April 24, 2017: IEEE Transactions on Bio-medical Engineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28436083/the-added-value-of-world-views-over-self-views-predicting-modest-behaviour-in-eastern-and-western-cultures
#17
Sylvia Xiaohua Chen, Jacky C K Ng, Emma E Buchtel, Yanjun Guan, Hong Deng, Michael Harris Bond
Personality research has been focused on different aspects of the self, including traits, attitudes, beliefs, goals, and motivation. These aspects of the self are used to explain and predict social behaviour. The present research assessed generalized beliefs about the world, termed 'social axioms' (Leung et al., ), and examined their additive power over beliefs about the self in explaining a communal behaviour, that is, modesty. Three studies predicted reported modest behaviour among Mainland Chinese, Hong Kong Chinese, East Asian Canadians, and European Canadians...
April 24, 2017: British Journal of Social Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28435502/inferior-vena-cava-measurement-with-ultrasound-what-is-the-best-view-and-best-mode
#18
Nathan M Finnerty, Ashish R Panchal, Creagh Boulger, Amar Vira, Jason J Bischof, Christopher Amick, David P Way, David P Bahner
INTRODUCTION: Intravascular volume status is an important clinical consideration in the management of the critically ill. Point-of-care ultrasonography (POCUS) has gained popularity as a non-invasive means of intravascular volume assessment via examination of the inferior vena cava (IVC). However, there are limited data comparing different acquisition techniques for IVC measurement by POCUS. The goal of this evaluation was to determine the reliability of three IVC acquisition techniques for volume assessment: sub-xiphoid transabdominal long axis (LA), transabdominal short axis (SA), and right lateral transabdominal coronal long axis (CLA) (aka "rescue view")...
April 2017: Western Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28435418/-you-never-know-what-happens-next-young-adult-service-users-experience-with-mental-health-care-and-treatment-through-one-year
#19
Marian Ådnanes, Sissel Steihaug
Fragmented services are a well-known problem in the mental health sector. Mental health service users' experiences of treatment and care can provide knowledge for developing more user-oriented continuity of care. We followed nine young adults with mental health illnesses and complex needs, conducting four interviews with each informant in the course of a year. The aim was to capture their experiences and views about treatment and care, focusing on (dis)continuities and episodes occurring through that year. The users' experiences were affected by shifts and transitions between institutions, units and practitioners while their need was predictability and stability...
July 22, 2016: International Journal of Integrated Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28435233/patient-opinions-on-medicine-use-review-exploring-an-expanding-role-of-community-pharmacists
#20
Sirinya Aimaurai, Atthapinya Jumpated, Ines Krass, Teerapon Dhippayom
BACKGROUND: Current evidence supports the benefit of medicine-use review (MUR) for the safe and effective use of medicines. However, little is known about opinions of consumers regarding their preference for undertaking MUR, especially in the developing world, eg, in some Asian countries. We aimed to explore patients' opinions about potential MUR and other enhanced services provided by community pharmacists. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A qualitative study using focus groups was conducted at Naresuan University's community pharmacy, Phitsanulok, Thailand...
2017: Patient Preference and Adherence
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