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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28806484/tensions-in-perspectives-on-suicide-prevention-between-men-who-have-attempted-suicide-and-their-support-networks-secondary-analysis-of-qualitative-data
#1
Andrea S Fogarty, Michael Spurrier, Michael J Player, Kay Wilhelm, Erin L Whittle, Fiona Shand, Helen Christensen, Judith Proudfoot
BACKGROUND: Men generally have higher rates of suicide, despite fewer overt indicators of risk. Differences in presentation and response suggest a need to better understand why suicide prevention is less effective for men. OBJECTIVE: To explore the views of at-risk men, friends and family about the tensions inherent in suicide prevention and to consider how prevention may be improved. DESIGN: Secondary analysis of qualitative interview and focus group data, using thematic analysis techniques, alongside bracketing, construction and contextualisation...
August 14, 2017: Health Expectations: An International Journal of Public Participation in Health Care and Health Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28805959/fire-ecology-of-a-tree-glacial-refugium-on-a-nunatak-with-a-view-on-alpine-glaciers
#2
Christopher Carcaillet, Olivier Blarquez
In paleoecology, the function of biomass as a fire driver has become a focus of attention in cold ecosystems, and concerns have been raised about climate in this context. Little is known about the fire frequency and fire-plant relationships during glaciation when woodlands were limited and the climate was cold. Fire history and tree biomass were reconstructed from sedimentary charcoal and macroremains, respectively, archived in lake sediments from the western Alps. Two nunataks were investigated, both with lacustrine sediments covering the last 21 000 yr at least...
August 14, 2017: New Phytologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28805438/situational-and-structural-variation-in-youth-perceptions-of-maternal-guilt-induction
#3
Wendy M Rote, Judith G Smetana
Parental induction of empathy-related guilt plays an important role in children's moral development. However, guilt induction can also be psychologically controlling and detrimental for youth adjustment. This study provided a more nuanced view of parental guilt induction by examining how the nature of a child's misdeed and the structure and content of the parental guilt inductive statement impact children's perceptions of it. Using hypothetical vignettes, this study experimentally examined the impact of the type (domain) of child behavior, highlighted victim, and focus of parental criticism on 156 children's and early and middle adolescents' (age: Ms = 8...
August 14, 2017: Developmental Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28805246/associations-between-belief-inflexibility-and-dimensions-of-delusions-a-meta-analytic-review-of-two-approaches-to-assessing-belief-flexibility
#4
Chen Zhu, Xiaoqi Sun, Suzanne Ho-Wai So
OBJECTIVES: Belief inflexibility has been suggested to maintain delusions. Different measures of assessing belief inflexibility have been developed, and it remains unclear whether patients with delusions display belief inflexibility similarly across measures. As delusions consist of multiple dimensions, the aim of this meta-analytic review was to examine how belief inflexibility is related to different aspects of delusions (conviction, distress, and preoccupation) and to compare these associations between interview-based and task-based measures of belief inflexibility...
August 14, 2017: British Journal of Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28805243/factors-associated-with-acceptance-of-pandemic-flu-vaccine-by-healthcare-professionals-in-spain-2009-2010
#5
Tania Fernández-Villa, Antonio J Molina, Nuria Torner, Jesus Castilla, Jenaro Astray, Susana García-Gutiérrez, José María Mayoral, Sonia Tamames, Ángela Domínguez, Vicente Martín
The A(H1N1)pdm09 influenza virus reached pandemic level in Spain in 2009, prompting a national vaccination campaign. To avoid transmission to patients, healthcare professionals' vaccination against pandemic influenza is crucial. The main objective of this study was to analyze factors associated with the failure by healthcare professionals to accept the pandemic vaccination in 2009. A cross-sectional survey was conducted of healthcare professionals in seven of Spain's autonomous regions. A questionnaire was used to collect information about personal and professional details, the respondents' flu vaccination status in the 2008-2009 and 2009-2010 seasons (seasonal and pandemic vaccines), and their knowledge and attitudes...
August 14, 2017: Research in Nursing & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28805155/violence-victimization-and-mental-health
#6
Vishal Bhavsar, Antonio Ventriglio
INTRODUCTION: Violence and victimization are often viewed in black and white terms by mental health professionals, an approach which is belied by more nuanced perspectives from outside psychiatry. METHODS: Given increasing empirical evidence of the pervasive burden of victimization in people with mental illness, authors focused on the available theories and evidences from the literature. RESULTS: Authors summarize the theories of victimizations, the possible measures of this phenomenon and underlie the role of research to clarify the link between psychiatry, violence and victimization...
September 2017: International Journal of Social Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28804965/synthetic-manipulation-of-hybrid-perovskite-systems-in-search-of-novel-and-enhanced-functionalities
#7
Rounak Naphade, Satyawan Nagane, Umesh Bansode, Mukta Tathavadekar, Aditya Sadhanala, Satishchandra B Ogale
Over the past few years the organic/Inorganic hybrid perovskite systems have emerged as a promising class of materials for photo-voltaic and electroluminescent thin film device applications, in view of their unique set of tunable optoelectronic properties. Importantly, these materials can be easily solution-processed at low temperatures and as such are amenable to facile molecular engineering. Thus, a variety of low dimensional forms and quantum structures of these materials can be obtained through strategic synthetic manipulations via small molecule incorporation or molecular ion doping...
August 13, 2017: ChemSusChem
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28804731/eye-tracking-in-catheter-based-cardiovascular-interventions-early-results
#8
Peter Lanzer, Mohammad Al-Naser, Syed Saqib Bukhari, Andreas Dengel, Elizabeth A Krupinski
Visual x-ray image processing (XRIP) represents a fundamental component of catheter-based cardiovascular interventions (CBCVIs). To date, no data are available to define XRIP in this setting. To characterize CBCVI XRIP, we developed a computer-based method allowing continuous temporal-spatial analysis of data recorded by a head-mounted eye-tracking device. Quantitative analysis of gaze duration of an expert operator (EO) revealed that the average time in minutes spent viewing the images on the display screen was [Formula: see text] and [Formula: see text] of the total recorded time in coronary angiography (CA) and in CA followed by CBCVI, respectively...
July 2017: Journal of Medical Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28804466/interpersonal-movement-synchrony-responds-to-high-and-low-level-conversational-constraints
#9
Alexandra Paxton, Rick Dale
Much work on communication and joint action conceptualizes interaction as a dynamical system. Under this view, dynamic properties of interaction should be shaped by the context in which the interaction is taking place. Here we explore interpersonal movement coordination or synchrony-the degree to which individuals move in similar ways over time-as one such context-sensitive property. Studies of coordination have typically investigated how these dynamics are influenced by either high-level constraints (i.e., slow-changing factors) or low-level constraints (i...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28803394/generation-and-management-of-waste-electric-vehicle-batteries-in-china
#10
ChengJian Xu, Wenxuan Zhang, Wenzhi He, Guangming Li, Juwen Huang, Haochen Zhu
With the increasing adoption of EVs (electric vehicles), a large number of waste EV LIBs (electric vehicle lithium-ion batteries) were generated in China. Statistics showed generation of waste EV LIBs in 2016 reached approximately 10,000 tons, and the amount of them would be growing rapidly in the future. In view of the deleterious effects of waste EV LIBs on the environment and the valuable energy storage capacity or materials that can be reused in them, China has started emphasizing the management, reuse, and recycling of them...
August 12, 2017: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28803170/anatomy-of-the-alar-ligament-part-ii-variations-of-its-attachment-onto-the-dens
#11
Juan Sardi, Joe Iwanaga, Cameron Schmidt, Tarush Rustagi, Jens R Chapman, Rod J Oskouian, R Shane Tubbs
OBJECTIVE: Various authors have described the morphology of the alar ligaments, however, there are no reports of a cadaveric study that focuses on their attachments onto the dens. The purpose of this study is to use fresh cadaveric specimens to describe in detail the different attachment patterns of the alar ligaments onto the dens. METHODS: Twenty-two sides from eleven, fresh frozen, cadaveric heads were used. The specimens included eight males and three females that ranged in age from 67 to 99-years-old at death...
August 9, 2017: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28802934/psychosis-in-parkinson-s-disease
#12
Dominic H Ffytche, Dag Aarsland
Although illusions, hallucinations and delusions did not play a prominent role in James Parkinson's original clinical descriptions, the longitudinal view of disease progression he advocated has important lessons for the study of such symptoms today. A focus on longitudinal progression rather than individual symptoms led to the concept of PD psychosis-a spectrum of positive symptoms in Parkinson's disease. The publication of criteria for PD psychosis in 2007 helped unify the disparate set of symptoms, raising their profile and resulting in a rapid expansion of literature focussing on clinical aspects, mechanisms, and treatment...
2017: International Review of Neurobiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28801406/speak-up-culture-in-an-intensive-care-unit-in-hong-kong-a-cross-sectional-survey-exploring-the-communication-openness-perceptions-of-chinese-doctors-and-nurses
#13
George Wing Yiu Ng, Jack Kwok Hung Pun, Eric Hang Kwong So, Wendy Wai Hang Chiu, Avis Siu Ha Leung, Yuk Han Stone, Chung Ling Lam, Sarah Pui Wa Lai, Rowlina Pui Wah Leung, Hing Wah Luk, Anne Kit Hung Leung, Kin Wah Au Yeung, Kang Yiu Lai, Diana Slade, Engle Angela Chan
OBJECTIVES: Despite growing recognition of the importance of speaking up to protect patient safety in critical care, little research has been performed in this area in an intensive care unit (ICU) context. This study explored the communication openness perceptions of Chinese doctors and nurses and identified their perceptions of issues in ICU communication, their reasons for speaking up and the possible factors and strategies involved in promoting the practice of speaking up. DESIGN: A mixed-methods design with quantitative and sequential qualitative components was used...
August 11, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28799368/the-nature-of-the-chemical-bond-in-be2-be2-be2-and-be3
#14
Apostolos Kalemos
The present study focuses on the Be2+, Be2, Be2-, and Be3 species with the aim to unveil their bonding pattern. The ground states of the above molecules are examined mainly through multi reference configuration interaction methods using an aug-cc-pVQZ basis set. Previous work is scrutinized with an eye to the instability problems inherent in various Hartree-Fock schemes. Under this point of view, we rationalize previous findings and put them in a unified context of what and why should be done in similar hard to crack cases...
December 7, 2016: Journal of Chemical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28799157/-social-medicine-and-interfaces-in-sectoral-health-care-provision
#15
Hans Gerber, Christian Alex, Michael Penz, Michael Röder, Gert von Mittelstaedt
In addition to the consideration of individual medicine, social medicine focuses on the social references of health and sickness. In this context, it reflects the structures of the entire health care system, its functions and its functional deficits. It deals with the specific interaction between medicine and society and functions such as a link to the classical social sciences (1). Of particular interest in this context are the interfaces to sectoral health care provision. The working group "Nursing Care" of the Department "Practical Social Medicine and Rehabilitation" of the German Society for Social Medicine and Prevention examines the fundamental interfaces in our sectoral health care system from the perspective of social medicine in their current functions and perspectives, particularly in view of the future demographic challenges to be faced...
August 10, 2017: Das Gesundheitswesen
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28799070/the-beauty-of-sensory-ecology
#16
Fernando Otálora-Luna, Elis Aldana
Sensory ecology is a discipline that focuses on how living creatures use information to survive, but not to live. By trans-defining the orthodox concept of sensory ecology, a serious heterodox question arises: how do organisms use their senses to live, i.e. to enjoy or suffer life? To respond to such a query the objective (time-independent) and emotional (non-rational) meaning of symbols must be revealed. Our program is distinct from both the neo-Darwinian and the classical ecological perspective because it does not focus on survival values of phenotypes and their functions, but asks for the aesthetic effect of biological structures and their symbolism...
August 10, 2017: History and Philosophy of the Life Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28798728/draft-genome-sequence-of-the-nitrogen-fixing-rhizobium-sullae-type-strain-is123-t-focusing-on-the-key-genes-for-symbiosis-with-its-host-hedysarum-coronarium-l
#17
Gaurav Sablok, Riccardo Rosselli, Torsten Seeman, Robin van Velzen, Elisa Polone, Alessio Giacomini, Nicola La Porta, Rene Geurts, Rosella Muresu, Andrea Squartini
The prominent feature of rhizobia is their molecular dialogue with plant hosts. Such interaction is enabled by the presence of a series of symbiotic genes encoding for the synthesis and export of signals triggering organogenetic and physiological responses in the plant. The genome of the Rhizobium sullae type strain IS123(T) nodulating the legume Hedysarum coronarium, was sequenced and resulted in 317 scaffolds for a total assembled size of 7,889,576 bp. Its features were compared with those of genomes from rhizobia representing an increasing gradient of taxonomical distance, from a conspecific isolate (Rhizobium sullae WSM1592), to two congeneric cases (Rhizobium leguminosarum bv...
2017: Frontiers in Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28797625/environmental-performance-of-household-waste-management-in-europe-an-example-of-7-countries
#18
Susanna Andreasi Bassi, Thomas H Christensen, Anders Damgaard
An attributional life cycle assessment (LCA) of the management of 1ton of household waste was conducted in accordance with ISO 14044:2006 and the ILCD Handbook for seven European countries, namely Germany, Denmark, France, UK, Italy, Poland and Greece, representing different household waste compositions, waste management practices, technologies, and energy systems. National data were collected from a range of sources regarding household waste composition, household sorting efficiency, collection, waste treatments, recycling, electricity and heat composition, and technological efficiencies...
August 7, 2017: Waste Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28797300/can-routine-clinical-data-identify-older-patients-at-risk-of-poor-healthcare-outcomes-on-admission-to-hospital
#19
Kinda Ibrahim, Charlotte Owen, Harnish P Patel, Carl May, Mark Baxter, Avan A Sayer, Helen C Roberts
OBJECTIVE: Older patients who are at risk of poor healthcare outcomes should be recognised early during hospital admission to allow appropriate interventions. It is unclear whether routinely collected data can identify high-risk patients. The aim of this study was to define current practice with regard to the identification of older patients at high risk of poor healthcare outcomes on admission to hospital. RESULTS: Interviews/focus groups were conducted to establish the views of 22 healthcare staff across five acute medicine for older people wards in one hospital including seven nurses, four dieticians, seven doctors, and four therapists...
August 10, 2017: BMC Research Notes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28796750/in-vivo-electron-paramagnetic-resonance-tooth-dosimetry-dependence-of-radiation-induced-signal-amplitude-on-the-enamel-thickness-and-surface-area-of-ex-vivo-human-teeth
#20
Michitaka Umakoshi, Ichiro Yamaguchi, Hiroshi Hirata, Naoki Kunugita, Benjamin B Williams, Harold M Swartz, Minoru Miyake
In vivo L-band electron paramagnetic resonance tooth dosimetry is a newly developed and very promising method for retrospective biodosimetry in individuals who may have been exposed to significant levels of ionizing radiation. The present study aimed to determine the relationships among enamel thickness, enamel area, and measured electron paramagnetic resonance signal amplitude with a view to improve the quantitative accuracy of the dosimetry technique. Ten isolated incisors were irradiated using well-characterized doses, and their radiation-induced electron paramagnetic resonance signals were measured...
August 7, 2017: Health Physics
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