keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

focus view

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28318961/spent-lead-acid-battery-recycling-in-china-a-review-and-sustainable-analyses-on-mass-flow-of-lead
#1
REVIEW
Zhi Sun, Hongbin Cao, Xihua Zhang, Xiao Lin, Wenwen Zheng, Guoqing Cao, Yong Sun, Yi Zhang
Lead is classified to be one of the top heavy metal pollutants in China. The corresponding environmental issues especially during the management of spent lead-acid battery have already caused significant public awareness and concern. This research gives a brief overview on the recycling situation based on an investigation of the lead industry in China and also the development of technologies for spent lead-acid batteries. The main principles and research focuses of different technologies including pyrometallurgy, hydrometallurgy and greener technologies are summarized and compared...
March 15, 2017: Waste Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28318910/predictors-of-cigarette-smoking-initiation-in-early-middle-and-late-adolescence
#2
Jennifer O'Loughlin, Erin K O'Loughlin, Robert J Wellman, Marie-Pierre Sylvestre, Erika N Dugas, Miguel Chagnon, Hartley Dutczak, Johanne Laguë, Jennifer J McGrath
PURPOSE: Little is known about age-related differences in risk factors for cigarette smoking initiation. We identified predictors of initiation in early, middle, and late adolescence from among sociodemographic factors, indicators of smoking in the social environment, psychological characteristics, lifestyle indicators, and perceived need for cigarettes. METHODS: Data were drawn from a longitudinal study of 1,801 children recruited at age 10-11 years from 29 elementary schools in Montreal, Canada...
March 15, 2017: Journal of Adolescent Health: Official Publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28318887/multi-focus-beamforming-for-thermal-strain-imaging-using-a-single-ultrasound-linear-array-transducer
#3
Man M Nguyen, Xuan Ding, Steven A Leers, Kang Kim
Ultrasound-induced thermal strain imaging (TSI) has been used successfully to identify lipid- and water-based tissues in atherosclerotic plaques in some research settings. However, TSI faces several challenges to be realized in clinics. These challenges include motion artifacts and displacement tracking accuracy, as well as limited heating capability, which contributes to low thermal strain signal-to-noise ratio, and a limited field of view. Our goal was to address the challenge in heating tissue in TSI. Current TSI systems use separate heating and imaging transducers, which require physical alignment of the heating and imaging beams and result in a bulky setup that limits in vivo operation...
March 15, 2017: Ultrasound in Medicine & Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28318275/a-cross-sectional-investigation-of-positive-and-negative-smoker-stereotypes-and-evaluations-of-cigarette-warnings
#4
Renee E Magnan, Linda D Cameron
OBJECTIVE: Although graphic cigarette warnings have important benefits that may aid in motivating smoking quit attempts and discouraging smoking initiation, 1 possible negative consequence might be psychological reactance to graphic warnings. Reactance to warnings might be shaped by stereotypical views of smokers. This research examined the associations of positive and negative smoker stereotypes with perceptions of the educational value of warnings as well as affective and motivational responses to them...
March 20, 2017: Health Psychology: Official Journal of the Division of Health Psychology, American Psychological Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28318007/myocardial-infarction-in-a-neonate-lessons-for-neonatal-and-internal-medicine
#5
Werner Streif
Due to the lack of evidence-based guidelines, management strategies for neonatal MI should be individualized and administered largely at the discretion of responsible treating teams. Supportive care with a focus on preserving adequate circulation and antithrombotic therapy with a view to restoring vascular patency are the mainstays of treatment. Thrombolytic therapy of neonatal MI includes a chance to completely restore myocardial function. Understanding the resilience of the neonatal heart and mechanism of cardiac cell repair in neonates may spark novel treatment strategies for severe MI in the large number of affected individuals in an aging population...
March 20, 2017: Hämostaseologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28317249/getting-back-to-the-dissecting-room-an-evaluation-of-an-innovative-course-in-musculoskeletal-anatomy-for-uk-based-rheumatology-training
#6
Tim Blake, Debbi Marais, Andrew B Hassell, Kay Stevenson, Zoe Paskins
BACKGROUND: The rheumatologist relies heavily on clinical skills to diagnose diverse conditions, something that is correlated with one's knowledge of clinical anatomy. More recently, rheumatology has offered further career flexibility with opportunities to develop skills such as joint injection and musculoskeletal (MSK) ultrasound, both of which require a sound understanding of anatomy. Currently, there are no formal strategies to support competency-based anatomy learning in rheumatology in the UK...
March 20, 2017: Musculoskeletal Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28316314/choosing-surgery-identifying-factors-leading-to-increased-general-surgery-matriculation-rate
#7
David T Pointer, Matthew D Freeman, James R Korndorffer, Peter C Meade, Bernard M Jaffe, Douglas P Slakey
Tulane graduates have, over the past six years, chosen general surgical residency at a rate above the national average (mean 9.6% vs 6.6%). With much of the recent career choice research focusing on disincentives and declining general surgery applicants, we sought to identify factors that positively influenced our students' decision to pursue general surgery. A 50-question survey was developed and distributed to graduates who matched into a general surgery between the years 2006 and 2014. The survey evaluated demographics, exposure to surgery, and factors affecting interest in a surgical career...
March 1, 2017: American Surgeon
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28315524/a-cellular-mechanism-for-inverse-effectiveness-in-multisensory-integration
#8
Torrey Ls Truszkowski, Oscar A Carrillo, Julia Bleier, Carolina Ramirez-Vizcarrondo, Molly McQuillan, Christopher P Truszkowski, Arseny S Khakhalin, Carlos D Aizenman
To build a coherent view of the external world, an organism needs to integrate multiple types of sensory information from different sources, a process known as multisensory integration (MSI). In a prior study (Felch et al. 2016) we showed that the temporal dependence of MSI in the optic tectum of Xenopus laevis tadpoles is mediated by the network dynamics of the recruitment of local inhibition by sensory input. This was one of the first cellular-level mechanisms described for MSI. Here we expand this cellular level view of MSI by focusing on the principle of inverse effectiveness, another central feature of MSI stating that the amount of multisensory enhancement observed inversely depends on the size of unisensory responses...
March 18, 2017: ELife
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28314726/global-distribution-patterns-and-pangenomic-diversity-of-the-candidate-phylum-latescibacteria-ws3
#9
Ibrahim F Farag, Noha H Youssef, Mostafa S Elshahed
We investigated the global distribution patterns and pangenomic diversity of the candidate phylum "Latescibacteria" (WS3) in 16S rRNA gene as well as metagenomic datasets. We document distinct distribution patterns for various "Latescibacteria" orders in 16S rRNA gene datasets, with prevalence of orders sediment_1 in terrestrial, PBSIII_9 in groundwater and temperate freshwater, and GN03 in pelagic marine, saline-hypersaline, and wastewater habitats. Using a fragment recruitment approach, we identified 68.9 Mb of "Latescibacteria"-affiliated contigs in publicly available metagenomic datasets comprising 73,079 proteins...
March 17, 2017: Applied and Environmental Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28314229/how-did-the-good-school-toolkit-reduce-the-risk-of-past-week-physical-violence-from-teachers-to-students-qualitative-findings-on-pathways-of-change-in-schools-in-luwero-uganda
#10
N Kyegombe, S Namakula, J Mulindwa, J Lwanyaaga, D Naker, S Namy, J Nakuti, J Parkes, L Knight, E Walakira, K M Devries
Violence against children is a serious violation of children's rights with significant impacts on current and future health and well-being. The Good School Toolkit (GST) is designed to prevent violence against children in primary schools through changing schools' operational cultures. Conducted in the Luwero District in Uganda between 2012 and 2014, findings from previous research indicate that the Toolkit reduced the odds of past week physical violence from school staff (OR = 0.40, 95%CI 0.26-0.64, p < 0...
March 7, 2017: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28314179/online-maternity-information-seeking-among-lesbian-bisexual-and-queer-women
#11
Emily H Ruppel, Hannah E Karpman, Carolyn E Delk, Mallory Merryman
OBJECTIVE: recent research has concluded that barriers to maternity health care exist for lesbian, bisexual, and queer women. This mixed methods study aims to understand patterns in seeking and sharing online health information for LBQ women attempting conception. DESIGN: researchers performed a qualitative content analysis of 400 discussions in lesbian-oriented Facebook groups, containing 1764 total instances of text. 400 discussions from heterosexual-oriented conception and parenting Facebook groups were examined for comparison purposes, though they will not be the focus of this analysis...
March 1, 2017: Midwifery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28303092/synaptic-ensemble-underlying-the-selection-and-consolidation-of-neuronal-circuits-during-learning
#12
REVIEW
Yoshio Hoshiba, Takeyoshi Wada, Akiko Hayashi-Takagi
Memories are crucial to the cognitive essence of who we are as human beings. Accumulating evidence has suggested that memories are stored as a subset of neurons that probably fire together in the same ensemble. Such formation of cell ensembles must meet contradictory requirements of being plastic and responsive during learning, but also stable in order to maintain the memory. Although synaptic potentiation is presumed to be the cellular substrate for this process, the link between the two remains correlational...
2017: Frontiers in Neural Circuits
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28302222/-advances-in-the-treatment-of-relapsed-small-cell-lung-cancer
#13
Bin Liu, Jianwen Qin, Jingmin Zhou
Small cell lung cancer (SCLC) is a highly malignant tumor. The initial treatment of radiotherapy and chemotherapy are more sensitive, high remission rate, but susceptible to drug resistance and relapse after treatment. Although the treatment of lung cancer has undergone enormous changes in recent years, treatment for relapsed SCLC is still a difficult problem in clinical field. In view of the serious resistance of recurrent SCLC to the existing chemotherapeutic drugs, the research on recurrent SCLC around the world is focused on the clinical trial of new drug development, optimization of chemotherapy regimen and target drug development...
March 20, 2017: Zhongguo Fei Ai za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Lung Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28302182/qualitative-assessment-of-women-s-satisfaction-with-maternal-health-care-in-referral-hospitals-in-nigeria
#14
Friday Okonofua, Rosemary Ogu, Kingsley Agholor, Ola Okike, Rukiyat Abdus-Salam, Mohammed Gana, Abdullahi Randawa, Eghe Abe, Adetoye Durodola, Hadiza Galadanci
BACKGROUND: Available evidence suggests that the low use of antenatal, delivery, and post-natal services by Nigerian women may be due to their perceptions of low quality of care in health facilities. This study investigated the perceptions of women regarding their satisfaction with the maternity services offered in secondary and tertiary hospitals in Nigeria. METHODS: Five focus group discussions (FGDs) were held with women in eight secondary and tertiary hospitals in four of the six geo-political zones of the country...
March 16, 2017: Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28302047/neuroinflammation-as-a-common-mechanism-associated-with-the-modifiable-risk-factors-for-alzheimer-s-and-parkinson-s-diseases
#15
Jordan Alexander McKenzie, Lindsay J Spielman, Caitlin B Pointer, Jessica R Lowry, Ekta Bajwa, Carolyn W Lee, Andis Klegeris
Alzheimer's disease (AD) and Parkinson's disease (PD) are among the most common causes of dementia, which increasingly contribute to morbidity and mortality worldwide. A common hallmark in the pathogenesis of these two diseases is neuroinflammation, which is initially triggered by the presence of pathological structures associated with these disorders. Chronic neuroinflammation is sustained by persistent and aberrant microglial activation in the brain, which results in damage and death of neighboring cells, including neurons and glial cells...
March 15, 2017: Current Aging Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28302020/olfactory-loss-management-in-view-of-avicenna-focus-on-neuroprotective-plants
#16
Farnaz Sinaei, Seyed Ahmad Emami, Amirhossein Sahebkar, Behjat Javadi
BACKGROUND: Loss of olfaction can cause noticeable reduction in general quality of life. Only a small portion of patients with olfactory loss respond to current medications. Thus, development of novel therapeutic strategies seems to be necessary. Looking into traditional medical knowledge can be of great value in addressing useful remedies. Traditional Persian Medicine (TPM) has been practiced in Persia for more than 2000 years. Avicenna is the most eminent Persian physician. OBJECTIVE: To survey Avicenna's views on etiology and management of olfactory loss and to search for relevant modern pharmacological data...
March 16, 2017: Current Pharmaceutical Design
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28301604/american-and-german-attitudes-towards-cow-calf-separation-on-dairy-farms
#17
Gesa Busch, Daniel M Weary, Achim Spiller, Marina A G von Keyserlingk
Public concerns regarding the quality of life of farm animals are often focused on specific practices such as separating the cow and calf immediately after birth. The available scientific literature provides some evidence in support of this practice (including reduced acute responses to separation when it does occur), as well as evidence of disadvantages (such as increased risk of uterine disease in cows). The aim of this study is to systematically examine public views around this practice. Specifically, this study analyzes the views of American and German citizens to separation of cow and calf at birth using a quantitative segmentation approach...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28300946/kraepelin-s-views-on-obsessive-neurosis-a-comparison-with-dsm-5-criteria-for-obsessive-compulsive-disorder
#18
Holger Steinberg, Dirk Carius, Leonardo F Fontenelle
Emil Kraepelin (1856-1926) is considered one of the founders of modern psychiatric nosology. However, his conceptualization of obsessive-compulsive phenomena is relatively understudied. In this article, we compare and contrast excerpts from the eighth edition (1909-1915) of Kraepelin's Textbook of Clinical Psychiatry focusing on what Kraepelin called "obsessive neurosis" and related "original pathological conditions" with the current DSM-5 criteria for obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD). Consistently with DSM-5 OCD, Kraepelin described obsessive neurosis as characterized by obsessive ideas, compulsive acts, or both together...
March 13, 2017: Revista Brasileira de Psiquiatria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28300601/functional-contacts-between-mper-and-the-anti-hiv-1-broadly-neutralizing-antibody-4e10-extend-into-the-core-of-the-membrane
#19
Edurne Rujas, Sara Insausti, Miguel García-Porras, Rubén Sánchez-Eugenia, Kouhei Tsumoto, José L Nieva, Jose M M Caaveiro
The exceptional breadth of broadly neutralizing antibodies (bNAbs) against the membrane-proximal external region (MPER) of the transmembrane protein gp41 makes this class of antibodies an ideal model to design HIV vaccines. From a practical point of view, however, the preparation of vaccines eliciting bNAbs is still a major roadblock that limits their clinical application. Fresh mechanistic insights are necessary to develop more effective strategies. In particular, the function of the unusually long complementary determining region three of the heavy chain (CDRH3) of 4E10, an anti-MPER bNAb, is an open question that fascinates researchers in the field...
March 11, 2017: Journal of Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28299586/race-research-and-the-ethics-of-belief
#20
Jonathan Anomaly
On most accounts, beliefs are supposed to fit the world rather than change it. But believing can have social consequences, since the beliefs we form underwrite our actions and impact our character. Because our beliefs affect how we live our lives and how we treat other people, it is surprising how little attention is usually given to the moral status of believing apart from its epistemic justification. In what follows, I develop a version of the harm principle that applies to beliefs as well as actions. In doing so, I challenge the often exaggerated distinction between forming beliefs and acting on them...
March 15, 2017: Journal of Bioethical Inquiry
keyword
keyword
28652
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"