keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

focus view

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727925/investigating-the-relationship-between-social-and-economic-policy-views-firearm-ownership-and-death-by-firearm-in-a-sample-of-suicide-decedents
#1
Sarah E Butterworth, Claire Houtsma, Joye C Anestis, Michael D Anestis
Extant literature provides evidence for the frequent use and lethality of firearms in suicide and the ability of means safety measures to prevent suicides; however, little evidence exists to provide an understanding of the characteristics that differentiate suicide decedents who die by firearm from those who die by other methods. In this study, we build on prior findings regarding the characteristics of those who die by firearms by examining the relationship between social and economic policy views and both firearm ownership and death by firearm in a sample of 267 American suicide decedents...
July 20, 2017: Archives of Suicide Research: Official Journal of the International Academy for Suicide Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727240/development-and-dissemination-of-the-el-centro-health-disparities-measures-library
#2
Victoria Behar Mitrani, Joanne E O'Day, Timothy B Norris, Oluwamuyiwa Winifred Adebayo
PURPOSE: This report describes the development and dissemination of a library of English measures, with Spanish translations, on constructs relevant to social determinants of health and behavioral health outcomes. The El Centro Measures Library is a product of the Center of Excellence for Health Disparities Research: El Centro, a program funded by the National Institute on Minority Health and Health Disparities of the U.S. National Institutes of Health. The library is aimed at enhancing capacity for minority health and health disparities research, particularly for Hispanics living in the United States and abroad...
July 20, 2017: Journal of Nursing Scholarship
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727143/predator-ontogeny-affects-expression-of-inducible-defense-morphology-in-rotifers
#3
Huan Zhang, Christer Brönmark, Lars-Anders Hansson
Many prey organisms show induced morphological responses to predators including changes in protective spine length, such as in rotifers, although previous studies have mainly focused on how prey become larger than the predator gape-size optimum. Here we show that a large-sized predator makes prey rotifers escape below the gape-size optimum of the predator by reducing spine length. Hence, in experiments and field studies we show that during part of their ontogeny fish larvae feed intensively on the common rotifer Keratella cochlearis, and that larval fish predation reduces rotifer spine length both through induction of shorter spines and selective predation on long-spined individuals...
July 20, 2017: Ecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28726736/protozoadb-2-0-a-trypanosoma-brucei-case-study
#4
Rodrigo Jardim, Diogo Tschoeke, Alberto M R Da Vila
Over the last decade new species of Protozoa have been sequenced and deposited in GenBank. Analyzing large amounts of genomic data, especially using Next Generation Sequencing (NGS), is not a trivial task, considering that researchers used to deal or focus their studies on few genes or gene families or even small genomes. To facilitate the information extraction process from genomic data, we developed a database system called ProtozoaDB that included five genomes of Protozoa in its first version. In the present study, we present a new version of ProtozoaDB called ProtozoaDB 2...
July 20, 2017: Pathogens
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28726701/sewage-sludge-and-waterworks-sludge-stabilization-in-sludge-treatment-reed-bed-systems
#5
Grazia Masciandaro, Eleonora Peruzzi, Steen Nielsen
In this study, results about sludge stabilization in sludge treatment reed bed (STRB) systems in two different systems, Hanningfield STRB 1 (England), treating waterworks sludge, and Stenlille STRB 2 (Denmark), treating surplus activated sludge, are presented. The study mainly focused on the effectiveness of the STRBs systems in stabilizing sludge organic matter; in fact, parameters correlated to biochemical and chemico-structural properties of organic sludge matter were determined. Dewatering and sludge stabilization were effective in both STRBs, as highlighted by total and volatile dry solids trend...
July 2017: Water Science and Technology: a Journal of the International Association on Water Pollution Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28726531/looking-forward-and-looking-back-older-adults-views-of-the-impacts-of-stopping-driving
#6
Nadia W Mullen, Barbara Parker, Elaine Wiersma, Arne Stinchcombe, Michel Bédard
This project aimed to identify the impact of driving cessation from the perspectives of older drivers and former drivers. Participants included 17 adults aged 65-88 years residing in a city in Northwestern Ontario, Canada. Using a semi-structured interview guide (with questions regarding mobility, personal impact, impact on others, engagement with life, and finances), two focus groups were held with nine current drivers, and one-on-one interviews were held with six former drivers and two current drivers. Two themes emerged concerning stopping driving...
July 20, 2017: Occupational Therapy in Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28726428/-a-present-view-on-ivabradine-in-the-therapy-of-cardiovascular-diseases
#7
Jiří Slíva
Cardiovascular illnesses belong to diseases with the highest prevalence. They are also the most predominant reason of death in the vast majority of European countries. Hence, the offer of effective treatment of these dis-eases is absolutely crucial. This text focuses on the current therapeutical use of ivabradine in its approved indications - chronic stable angina pectoris and chronic heart failure - in the context of so far published relevant clinical trials.Key words: angina pectoris - bradines - heart failure - If current - ischemic heart disease - ivabradine...
2017: Vnitr̆ní Lékar̆ství
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28726246/cryo-electron-tomography-the-cell-biology-that-came-in-from-the-cold
#8
REVIEW
Jonathan Wagner, Miroslava Schaffer, Rubén Fernández-Busnadiego
Cryo-electron tomography (cryo-ET) provides high resolution 3D views into cells pristinely preserved by vitrification. Recent technical advances such as direct electron detectors, the Volta phase plate and cryo-focused ion beam milling have dramatically pushed image quality and expanded the range of cryo-ET applications. Cryo-ET not only allows mapping the positions and interactions of macromolecules within their intact cellular context, but can also reveal their in situ structure at increasing resolution. Here, we review how recent work using cutting-edge cryo-ET technologies is starting to provide fresh views into different aspects of cellular biology at an unprecedented level of detail...
July 20, 2017: FEBS Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28725402/what-does-body-size-mean-from-the-plant-s-eye-view
#9
Amanda J Tracey, Kimberly A Stephens, Brandon S Schamp, Lonnie W Aarssen
Alternative metrics exist for representing variation in plant body size, but the vast majority of previous research for herbaceous plants has focused on dry mass. Dry mass provides a reasonably accurate and easily measured estimate for comparing relative capacity to convert solar energy into stored carbon. However, from a "plant's eye view", its experience of its local biotic environment of immediate neighbors (especially when crowded) may be more accurately represented by measures of "space occupancy" (S-O) recorded in situ-rather than dry mass measured after storage in a drying oven...
October 2016: Ecology and Evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28725272/brazilian-guidelines-on-prevention-of-cardiovascular-disease-in-patients-with-diabetes-a-position-statement-from-the-brazilian-diabetes-society-sbd-the-brazilian-cardiology-society-sbc-and-the-brazilian-endocrinology-and-metabolism-society-sbem
#10
REVIEW
Marcello Casaccia Bertoluci, Rodrigo Oliveira Moreira, André Faludi, Maria Cristina Izar, Beatriz D Schaan, Cynthia Melissa Valerio, Marcelo Chiara Bertolami, Ana Paula Chacra, Marcus Vinicius Bolivar Malachias, Sérgio Vencio, José Francisco Kerr Saraiva, Roberto Betti, Luiz Turatti, Francisco Antonio Helfenstein Fonseca, Henrique Tria Bianco, Marta Sulzbach, Adriana Bertolami, João Eduardo Nunes Salles, Alexandre Hohl, Fábio Trujilho, Eduardo Gomes Lima, Marcio Hiroshi Miname, Maria Teresa Zanella, Rodrigo Lamounier, João Roberto Sá, Celso Amodeo, Antonio Carlos Pires, Raul D Santos
BACKGROUND: Since the first position statement on diabetes and cardiovascular prevention published in 2014 by the Brazilian Diabetes Society, the current view on primary and secondary prevention in diabetes has evolved as a result of new approaches on cardiovascular risk stratification, new cholesterol lowering drugs, and new anti-hyperglycemic drugs. Importantly, a pattern of risk heterogeneity has emerged, showing that not all diabetic patients are at high or very high risk. In fact, most younger patients who have no overt cardiovascular risk factors may be more adequately classified as being at intermediate or even low cardiovascular risk...
2017: Diabetology & Metabolic Syndrome
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28724460/health-and-well-being-promotion-strategies-for-hard-to-reach-older-people-in-england-a-mapping-exercise
#11
Steve Iliffe, Kate Walters, Jill Manthorpe, Claire Goodman, Kalpa Kharicha
BACKGROUND: Older people from deprived areas, the oldest old and those from ethnic minorities engage less in health promotion interventions and related research, potentially generating inequities. Aim To explore and map the extent to which such 'hard to reach' groups of older people, are the focus of local health and well-being strategies in England. METHODS: Document analysis of current health and well-being promotion strategies in a purposive sample of 10 localities in England with high proportions of some or all of the three hard to reach groups...
July 20, 2017: Primary Health Care Research & Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28724399/health-needs-access-to-healthcare-and-perceptions-of-ageing-in-an-urbanizing-community-in-india-a-qualitative-study
#12
Nandita Bhan, Pavitra Madhira, Arundati Muralidharan, Bharati Kulkarni, Gvs Murthy, Sanjay Basu, Sanjay Kinra
BACKGROUND: India's elderly population is rising at an unprecedented rate, with a majority living in rural areas. Health challenges associated with ageing, changing social networks and limited public health infrastructure are issues faced by the elderly and caregivers. We examined perceptions of health needs of the elderly across local stakeholders in an urbanizing rural area. METHODS: The qualitative study was conducted among participants in the Andhra Pradesh Children and Parents Study (APCAPS) site in Rangareddy district, Telangana...
July 19, 2017: BMC Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28724330/immunotherapy-advances-for-mesothelioma-treatment
#13
Emyr Bakker, Alice Guazzelli, Firozeh Ashtiani, Constantinos Demonacos, Marija Krstic-Demonacos, Luciano Mutti
Mesothelioma is a rare type of cancer that is strongly tied to asbestos exposure. Despite application of different modalities such as chemotherapy, radiotherapy and surgery, patient prognosis remains very poor and therapies are ineffective. Much research currently focuses on the application of novel approaches such as immunotherapy towards this disease. Areas Covered: The types, stages and aetiology of mesothelioma are detailed, followed by a discussion of the current treatment options such as radiotherapy, surgery, and chemotherapy...
July 20, 2017: Expert Review of Anticancer Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28724147/community-and-interns-perspectives-on-community-participatory-medical-education-from-passive-to-active-participation
#14
Akiteru Takamura, Hidekazu Misaki, Yousuke Takemura
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: The use of community-based medical education as a method of learning primary care is now common worldwide. However, in many cases community participation remains passive. This study sought to explore the effects of introducing community members into medical education as active teachers. Medical education taught directly by community members might be a key to comprehensive community-based learning. METHODS: This study was conducted in Japan at two postgraduate programs in community hospitals...
July 2017: Family Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28723936/social-sensing-of-urban-land-use-based-on-analysis-of-twitter-users-mobility-patterns
#15
Aiman Soliman, Kiumars Soltani, Junjun Yin, Anand Padmanabhan, Shaowen Wang
A number of recent studies showed that digital footprints around built environments, such as geo-located tweets, are promising data sources for characterizing urban land use. However, challenges for achieving this purpose exist due to the volume and unstructured nature of geo-located social media. Previous studies focused on analyzing Twitter data collectively resulting in coarse resolution maps of urban land use. We argue that the complex spatial structure of a large collection of tweets, when viewed through the lens of individual-level human mobility patterns, can be simplified to a series of key locations for each user, which could be used to characterize urban land use at a higher spatial resolution...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28723916/stakeholders-views-and-experiences-of-care-and-interventions-for-addressing-frailty-and-pre-frailty-a-meta-synthesis-of-qualitative-evidence
#16
Barbara D'Avanzo, Rachel Shaw, Silvia Riva, Joao Apostolo, Elzbieta Bobrowicz-Campos, Donata Kurpas, Maria Bujnowska, Carol Holland
Frailty is a common condition in older age and is a public health concern which requires integrated care and involves different stakeholders. This meta-synthesis focuses on experiences, understanding, and attitudes towards screening, care, intervention and prevention for frailty across frail and healthy older persons, caregivers, health and social care practitioners. Studies published since 2001 were identified through search of electronic databases; 81 eligible papers were identified and read in full, and 45 papers were finally included and synthesized...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28723302/why-use-group-visits-for-opioid-use-disorder-treatment-in-primary-care-a-patient-centered-qualitative-study
#17
Randi Sokol, Chiara Albanese, Deviney Chaponis, Jessica Early, George Maxted, Diana Morrill, Grace Poirier, Fran Puopolo, Zev Schuman-Olivier
BACKGROUND: Primary care providers are well positioned to respond to the opioid crisis by providing buprenorphine/naloxone (B/N) through shared medical appointments (SMA). While quantitative research has been previously conducted on SMAs with B/N, we conducted a qualitative assessment from the patients' point of view, considering whether and how group visits provide value for patients. METHODS: Twenty-five participants with opioid use disorder (OUD) who were enrolled in a weekly B/N group visit at a family medicine clinic participated in either of two one-hour-long focus groups, which were conducted as actual group visits...
July 19, 2017: Substance Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28722761/a-meta-ethnographic-synthesis-of-midwives-and-nurses-experiences-of-adverse-labour-and-birth-events
#18
REVIEW
Rakime Elmir, Jackie Pangas, Hannah Dahlen, Virginia Schmied
INTRODUCTION: Health professionals are frequently exposed to traumatic events due to the nature of their work. While traumatic and adverse labour and birth events experienced by women are well researched, less attention has been given to midwives' and nurses' experiences of these events and the impact it has on their lives. AIM: To undertake a meta-ethnographic study of midwives' and nurses' experiences of adverse labour and birth events. METHODS: Scopus, CINHAL PLUS, MEDLINE and PUBMED databases were searched using subject headings and keywords...
July 19, 2017: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28722441/harnessing-the-versatility-of-optical-biosensors-for-target-based-small-molecule-drug-discovery
#19
Tim Kaminski, Anders Gunnarsson, Stefan Geschwindner
Optical biosensors entered target-based small-molecule drug discovery more than two decades ago and have since transformed into a value-adding component in the decision-making process. Here, we briefly highlight the major application areas of optical biosensors and focus on desirable profiles of such platforms in order to ensure their effective use in small molecule drug discovery. Furthermore, we will emphasize current technology-based constraints and discuss experimental strategies to address these limitations as well as provide a view of necessary technology improvements for next generation platforms...
January 27, 2017: ACS Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28722173/the-development-of-non-essentialist-concepts-of-ethnicity-among-children-in-a-multicultural-london-community
#20
Ruth Woods
Ethnic constancy, the belief that a person cannot change ethnicity, is an important component of ethnic essentialism, the conviction that members of ethnic groups share an immutable underlying essence. Most children in previous research viewed ethnicity as increasingly immutable with age. However, some evidence suggests that children growing up in communities, which define ethnicity primarily in terms of changeable features (e.g., lifestyle) rather than fixed features (e.g., ancestry), may not follow this trajectory...
July 19, 2017: British Journal of Developmental Psychology
keyword
keyword
28652
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"