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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334620/evaluation-of-abundance-of-artificial-radionuclides-in-food-products-in-south-korea-and-sources
#1
S H Lee, J S Oh, K B Lee, J M Lee, S H Hwang, M K Lee, E H Kwon, C S Kim, I H Choi, I Y Yeo, J Y Yoon, J M Im
Food samples are collected nationwide from January 2016 to February 2017 and their contents of artificial radionuclides are measured to address the growing concerns regarding the radioactive contamination of food products in Korea. Specifically, 900 food samples are collected for this study and their contents of representative artificial radionuclides 134Cs, 137Cs, 239,240Pu, and 90Sr are analyzed. The analysis shows that the activity concentrations of 137Cs in fish range from minimum detectable activity (MDA) to 340 mBq/kg of fresh weight...
January 12, 2018: Journal of Environmental Radioactivity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334582/carbohydrate-mouth-rinsing-does-not-prevent-the-decline-in-maximal-strength-following-fatiguing-exercise
#2
Christopher D Black, Daniel J Schubert, Marcin K Szczyglowski, Joshua D Wren
Carbohydrate (CHO) rinsing has been shown to attenuate the decline of maximal voluntary contractions (MVC) following fatiguing exercise-perhaps via a central mechanism. This study sought to determine the effect of a CHO rinse on MVC, voluntary activation, and contractile properties following fatiguing exercise. Thirteen adults participated in a double-blind, cross-over study. MVC of the dominant knee extensors was assessed and voluntary activation (%VA) was determined using twitch-interpolation. Participants then held 50% of MVC until volitional fatigue followed by a 20s rinse with a solution of 8% maltodextrin (CHO) or placebo (PLA)...
January 12, 2018: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334517/the-effect-of-arthropathies-on-illness-perceptions-coping-strategies-outcomes-and-their-changes-over-time-in-patients-with-inflammatory-bowel-disease-a-12-month-follow-up-study
#3
Sanne J H van Erp, Mike van der Have, Herma H Fidder, Désirée van der Heijde, Ron Wolterbeek, Daniel W Hommes, Ad A Kaptein, Andrea E van der Meulen-de Jong
OBJECTIVES: Arthropathies are a common extraintestinal manifestation (EIM) in inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). This study evaluated the differences in illness perceptions, coping strategies, and illness outcomes between patients with IBD with and without arthropathies at baseline and examined changes at 12 months in these variables in patients with arthropathies. METHODS: In total, 204 patients with (n=123) and without (n=81) arthropathies completed questionnaires at baseline and after 1 year, assessing illness perceptions, coping strategies, quality of life, and work and activity impairment...
January 12, 2018: European Journal of Gastroenterology & Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334415/early-burst-in-body-size-evolution-is-uncoupled-from-species-diversification-in-diving-beetles-dytiscidae
#4
Aurélie Désamoré, Benjamin Laenen, Kelly B Miller, Johannes Bergsten
Changes in morphology are often thought to be linked to changes in species diversification, which is expected to leave a signal of Early Burst (EB) in phenotypic traits. However, such signal is rarely recovered in empirical phylogenies, even for groups with well-known adaptive radiation. Using a comprehensive phylogenetic approach in Dytiscidae, which harbors ~4,300 species with as much as 50-fold variation in body size among them, we ask whether pattern of species diversification correlates with morphological evolution...
January 15, 2018: Molecular Ecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334406/dasatinib-induced-pulmonary-arterial-hypertension
#5
REVIEW
Nurgül Özgür Yurttaş, Ahmet Emre Eşkazan
Drug-induced (Group 1) pulmonary hypertension (PH) is an important subgroup of PH involving dasatinib as a likely related agent, which is a second-generation tyrosine kinase inhibitor (TKI), that is used in the treatment of chronic myeloid leukemia (CML). The mechanism of dasatinib-induced pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) is unclear. However, the occurence of PAH at a late onset in CML patients suggests a chronic pathological mechanism with an insidious onset rather than an acute inflammatory or cardiac etiology...
January 15, 2018: British Journal of Clinical Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334324/the-rite-of-passage-of-becoming-a-humanitarian-health-worker-experiences-of-retention-in-sweden
#6
Sara Albuquerque, Anneli Eriksson, Helle M Alvesson
BACKGROUND: Low retention of humanitarian workers poses constraints on humanitarian organisations' capacity to respond effectively to disasters. Research has focused on reasons for humanitarian workers leaving the sector, but little is known about the factors that can elucidate long-term commitment. OBJECTIVE: To understand what motivates and supports experienced humanitarian health workers to remain in the sector. METHODS: Semi-structured interviews were conducted with 10 experienced nurses who had been on at least three field missions with Médecins Sans Frontières Sweden...
2018: Global Health Action
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334279/uric-acid-and-the-vaccine-adjuvant-activity-of-aluminum-oxy-hydroxide-nanoparticles
#7
Sachin G Thakkar, Haiyue Xu, Xu Li, Zhengrong Cui
In an effort to improve the adjuvanticity of insoluble aluminum salts, we discovered that the adjuvant activity of aluminum salt nanoparticles is significantly stronger than aluminum salt microparticles, likely related to nanoparticle's stronger ability to directly activate NLRP3 inflammasome as the nanoparticles are more efficiently taken up by phagocytic cells. Endogenous signals such as uric acid from cell damage or death caused by the cytotoxicity of aluminum salts are thought to indirectly activate inflammasome, prompting us to hypothesize that the potent adjuvant activity of aluminum salt nanoparticles is also related to their ability to stimulate uric acid production...
January 15, 2018: Journal of Drug Targeting
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334227/using-a-television-documentary-to-prevent-suicide-in-men-and-boys
#8
Marisa Schlichthorst, Kylie King, Matthew Spittal, Lennart Reifels, Andrea Phelps, Jane Pirkis
OBJECTIVES: We investigated whether a documentary about masculinity and suicidality ( Man Up) could raise males' awareness of societal pressures to conform to masculine norms and influence their likelihood of connecting with their male friends and seeking help. METHODS: We conducted a repeat cross-sectional survey, posting versions of the survey online before and after Man Up was screened. RESULTS: 1287 male respondents completed the survey; 476 completed the pre-screening survey, 811 the post-screening survey (192 had not viewed Man Up, 619 had)...
January 1, 2018: Australasian Psychiatry: Bulletin of Royal Australian and New Zealand College of Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334201/comparison-of-the-effects-of-a-positive-reappraisal-coping-intervention-and-problem-solving-skills-training-on-depression-during-the-waiting-period-of-the-result-of-intrauterine-insemination-treatment-a-randomized-control-trial
#9
Marzieh Ghasemi Gojani, Masoumeh Kordi, Negar Asgharipour, Habibollah Esmaeili
Background: The outcomes of fertility treatments are unpredictable, and levels of depressive symptoms increase in patients during the waiting period of the result of intrauterine insemination (IUI) treatment. The aim of this study was to compare the effects of a positive reappraisal coping intervention (PRCI) and problem-solving skills training (PSS) on depression during the waiting period of the result of IUI Treatment. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This randomized control clinical trial was done among 108 women undergoing IUI treatment...
April 2018: International Journal of Fertility & Sterility
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29333742/parvalbumin-fast-spiking-interneurons-are-selectively-altered-by-pediatric-traumatic-brain-injury
#10
Joshua Nichols, George Reed Bjorklund, Jason Newbern, Trent Anderson
Pediatric traumatic brain injury (TBI) is a leading cause of death and disability in children. Traditionally, ongoing neurodevelopment and neuroplasticity have thought to confer children with an advantage following TBI. However, recent findings indicate that the pediatric brain may be more sensitive to brain injury. Inhibitory interneurons are essential for proper cortical function and implicated in the pathophysiology of TBI, yet few studies have directly examined for TBI induced changes to interneurons themselves...
January 15, 2018: Journal of Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29333688/infant-brain-responses-to-felt-and-observed-touch-of-hands-and-feet-an-meg-study
#11
Andrew N Meltzoff, Rey R Ramírez, Joni N Saby, Eric Larson, Samu Taulu, Peter J Marshall
There is growing interest concerning the ways in which the human body, both one's own and that of others, is represented in the developing human brain. In two experiments with 7-month-old infants, we employed advances in infant magnetoencephalography (MEG) brain imaging to address novel questions concerning body representations in early development. Experiment 1 evaluated the spatiotemporal organization of infants' brain responses to being touched. A punctate touch to infants' hands and feet produced significant activation in the hand and foot areas of contralateral primary somatosensory cortex as well as in other parietal and frontal areas...
January 14, 2018: Developmental Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29333367/stepwise-verification-of-bone-regeneration-using-recombinant-human-bone-morphogenetic-protein-2-in-rat-fibula-model
#12
Jung-Woo Nam, Hyung-Jun Kim
Objectives: The purpose of this study was to introduce our three experiments on bone morphogenetic protein (BMP) and its carriers performed using the critical sized segmental defect (CSD) model in rat fibula and to investigate development of animal models and carriers for more effective bone regeneration. Materials and Methods: For the experiments, 14, 16, and 24 rats with CSDs on both fibulae were used in Experiments 1, 2, and 3, respectively. BMP-2 with absorbable collagen sponge (ACS) (Experiments 1 and 2), autoclaved autogenous bone (AAB) and fibrin glue (FG) (Experiment 3), and xenogenic bone (Experiment 2) were used in the experimental groups...
December 2017: Journal of the Korean Association of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29332649/isoniazid-and-rifampicin-heteroresistant-mycobacterium-tuberculosis-isolated-from-tuberculous-meningitis-patients-in-india
#13
Renu Gupta, Rajeev Thakur, Suman Kushwaha, Nupur Jalan, Pumanshi Rawat, Piyush Gupta, Amitesh Aggarwal, Meena Gupta, Vikas Manchanda
BACKGROUND: Heteroresistant Mycobacterium tuberculosis (mixture of susceptible and resistant subpopulations) is thought to be a preliminary stage to full resistance and timely detection, initiation of correct treatment is vital for successful anti tubercular therapy. The aim of this study was to detect multi drug resistant (MDR) and heteroresistant M. tuberculosis with the associated gene mutations from patients of tuberculous meningitis. METHODS: A total of 197 M...
January 2018: Indian Journal of Tuberculosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29332588/treatment-strategies-for-hypercholesterolemia
#14
Sarah Clauss, Jacob Hartz
Atherosclerotic disease is a leading cause of morbidity and mortality in adults and is generally thought of as only affecting adults. However, the pathologic changes in vessels leading to atherosclerosis, and an increased risk of cardiovascular disease, have been shown to begin in early adolescence. There is a growing body of literature suggesting that earlier treatment, through lifestyle changes and pharmacotherapy, can help reduce this risk.
January 11, 2018: Current Pediatric Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29332261/is-the-laser-mightier-than-the-sword-a-comparative-study-for-the-urethrotomy
#15
Coen Holzhauer, Anita W T M Roelofs, Arjen C Kums, Philip C Weijerman, Michael R van Balken
PURPOSE: The knife is the most common used instrument for endoscopic urethrotomy. Unfortunately, there are high recurrence rates; it is thought that a laser reduces those rates. We compared the two techniques in this retrospective study. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Between 2010 and 2014, 127 patients were operated on with the knife (KG) and for 65 patients, the laser (LG) was used. We scored the complexity of the stricture using the UREThRAL stricture score (USS) and we scored if a treatment was successful...
January 13, 2018: World Journal of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29332217/a-novel-glucuronoyl-esterase-from-aspergillus-fumigatus-the-role-of-conserved-lys-residue-in-the-preference-for-4-o-methyl-glucuronoyl-esters
#16
Hung Hiep Huynh, Nozomi Ishii, Ichiro Matsuo, Manabu Arioka
Cellulose in plant cell walls is mainly covered by hemicellulose and lignin, and thus efficient removal of these components is thought to be a key step in the optimal utilization of lignocellulose. The recently discovered carbohydrate esterase (CE) 15 family of glucuronoyl esterases (GEs) which cleave the linkages between the free carboxyl group of D-glucuronic acid in hemicellulose and the benzyl groups in lignin residues could contribute to this process. Herein, we report the identification, functional expression, and enzymatic characterization of a GE, AfGE, from the filamentous fungus Aspergillus fumigatus...
January 14, 2018: Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29332182/correction-to-pretreatment-quality-of-life-in-patients-with-rectal-cancer-is-associated-with-intrusive-thoughts-and-sense-of-coherence
#17
Dan Asplund, Thue Bisgaard, David Bock, Jakob Burcharth, Elisabeth González, Eva Haglind, Yanislav Kolev, Peter Matthiessen, Carina Rosander, Jacob Rosenberg, Kenneth Smedh, Marina Åkerblom Sörensson, Eva Angenete
The original version of this article, unfortunately, contained errors.
January 13, 2018: International Journal of Colorectal Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29332175/breast-cancer-survivor-s-perspectives-on-the-role-different-providers-play-in-follow-up-care
#18
J L Tucholka, N Jacobson, N M Steffens, J R Schumacher, A J Tevaarwerk, B Anderson, L G Wilke, C C Greenberg, Heather B Neuman
IMPORTANCE: Significant variation in the number and types of oncologists that provide breast cancer follow-up exists. However, there is limited understanding regarding breast cancer survivors' preferences for who provides their follow-up. Our objective was to explore breast cancer survivors' perspectives on the goals of breast cancer follow-up, the preferred role for primary care providers, and the perceived roles of different types of oncologists during follow-up. METHODS: A convenience sample of stage 0-III breast cancer survivors was identified and in-depth one-on-one interviews conducted...
January 13, 2018: Supportive Care in Cancer: Official Journal of the Multinational Association of Supportive Care in Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29332052/when-art-meets-gardens-does-it-enhance-the-benefits-the-nancy-hypothesis-of-care-for-persons-with-alzheimer-s-disease
#19
Thérèse Rivasseau Jonveaux, Reinhard Fescharek
The creation of healing gardens for persons with Alzheimer's disease and related diseases (ADRD) offers vast potential. They can play a role in the scaffolding of cognitive disorders, emotional stress, sensory processing, sense of harmony, and appeasement. These effects are achieved through a distributed interplay of psychological functions with the immediate environment and local culture on the one hand, and dialogue on the other. The garden, a natural canvas created by man, shares with art the ability to foster an esthetic sense for which the perception can be measured by functional neurological imaging exploration...
2018: Journal of Alzheimer's Disease: JAD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29332047/sally-anne-test-in-patients-with-alzheimer-s-disease-dementia
#20
Shintaro Takenoshita, Seishi Terada, Osamu Yokota, Yumiko Kutoku, Yosuke Wakutani, Makoto Nakashima, Yohko Maki, Hideyuki Hattori, Norihito Yamada
Social cognition has recently been recognized as one of the essential cognitive domains. Some reports suggested that patients with Alzheimer's disease dementia (ADD) presented significant theory of mind deficits even in the mild condition. However, most previous studies included only small numbers of patients with ADD. The present study administered the first-order false belief (Sally-Anne) test to 116 consecutive patients with ADD from the outpatient units of the Memory Clinic and compared the characteristics of the two groups with correct and incorrect answers on the test...
2018: Journal of Alzheimer's Disease: JAD
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