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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28711286/novel-therapeutic-targets-for-inflammatory-bowel-disease
#1
REVIEW
Marjorie Argollo, Gionata Fiorino, Pieter Hindryck, Laurent Peyrin-Biroulet, Silvio Danese
Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD), including Crohn's disease (CD) and Ulcerative Colitis (UC), are immune mediated conditions associated with progressive damage of the inflamed gut tissue, and have a considerable impact on the patient's quality of life. The pathogenesis remains uncertain, but it is clear that complex mechanisms associated with host and luminal factors are involved, generating an unbalance between pro- and anti-inflammatory signaling. It is well established that the purpose of an adequate and complete control of the intestinal inflammation measured not only by clinical symptoms, but also with more objective data such as fecal biomarkers (calprotectin) and endoscopy...
July 12, 2017: Journal of Autoimmunity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28687339/inflammation-and-myointimal-hyperplasia-correlation-with-hemodynamic-forces
#2
Antonio V Sterpetti, Alessandra Cucina, Valeria Borrelli, Marco Ventura
OBJECTIVES: The aim of our study was to correlate flow dynamics and the release of inflammatory cytokines Interleukin 1, 2, 6, TNF (Tumour Necrosis Factor) alfa, both in vitro and in vivo. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Endothelial cells were exposed to laminar flow (6dyne/cm(2)) in an in vitro circulatory system and the release of Interleukin 1, 2, 6 and TNF alfa was quantified by ELISA. Interleukin 1, 2, 6 and TNF alfa release was also assessed in vein grafts implanted in the arterial circulation of Lewis rats...
July 5, 2017: Vascular Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28501584/thiamine-potentiates-chemoprotective-effects-of-ibuprofen-in-den-induced-hepatic-cancer-via-alteration-of-oxidative-stress-and-inflammatory-mechanism
#3
Muhammad Afzal, Imran Kazmi, Ruqaiyah Khan, Poonam Rana, Vikas Kumar, Fahad A Al-Abbasi, Mazin A Zamzami, Firoz Anwar
Present study, was an effort to scrutinize the molecular and biochemical role of ibuprofen and thiamine combination in diethylnitrosamine (DEN)-induced HCC in Wistar rats. Single intraperitoneal injection of DEN (200 mg/kg) was used for induction of HCC in rats. The rats were divided into eight various groups. DEN induced rats were treated with pure ibuprofen (40 mg/kg) and thiamine in combination for the period of 12th weeks. The protocol was terminated after the 16th week. Exposure of DEN up-regulated the levels of different serum biochemical parameters, antioxidant enzyme level, Alfa-fetoprotein (AFP) and reduced the level of High density lipoprotein (HDL) in Wistar rats along with the alteration in pro-inflammatory cytokines viz...
June 1, 2017: Archives of Biochemistry and Biophysics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28480686/variation-in-plasma-cytokine-concentration-during-a-training-season-in-elite-kayakers
#4
Grasiely Faccin Borges, Luis Rama, Humberto Moreira Carvalho, Joana Gaspar, Amandio Santos, Alain Massart, Beatriz Gomes, Luciele Guerra Minuzzi, Artur Paiva, Ana M Teixeira
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to investigate the differences in cytokines levels in the peripheral blood of kayakers at different moments of training. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The sample comprised 12 elite kayakers preparing for the Beijing Olympic Games. Blood samples were collected at different time points of the training season: baseline (t0 - November) after six week of off-training and before the start of the training season; t1 (January) at week 11 after a period of high-volume training; t2 (April) at week 26 at the end of a period of high intensity training sessions; t3 (June) at week 31 after a competitive period...
May 5, 2017: Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28471237/anti-dsdna-antibodies-and-their-association-with-paradoxical-psoriasis-induced-by-tnf-alfa-inhibitors
#5
K Vorcakova, T Pecova, L Turonova
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2017: Bratislavské Lekárske Listy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28162854/malignancy-rates-in-a-large-cohort-of-patients-with-systemically-treated-psoriasis-in-a-managed-care-population
#6
Maryam M Asgari, G Thomas Ray, Jamie L Geier, Charles P Quesenberry
BACKGROUND: Moderate to severe psoriasis often requires treatment with systemic agents, many of which have immunosuppressive properties and could increase cancer risk, including nonmelanoma skin cancer (NMSC). OBJECTIVE: We sought to estimate the overall malignancy rate (excluding NMSC) and NMSC rate among 5889 patients with systemically treated psoriasis. METHODS: We identified a cohort of adult Kaiser Permanente Northern California health plan members with psoriasis diagnosed from 1998 to 2011 and treated with at least 1 systemic antipsoriatic agent and categorized them into ever-biologic or nonbiologic users...
April 2017: Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27990383/biologics-use-in-indian-psoriasis-patients
#7
Murlidhar Rajagopalan, Asit Mital
The biologics currently in use for psoriasis in India are etanercept, infliximab and recently introduced itolizumab and secukinumab. Biosimilars, expected to play a significant role in psoriasis management in future, have also been available for the last few years. Patients with psoriasis may be considered eligible to receive treatment with any of the licensed biologic interventions when they fulfill the eligibility criteria. The decision to proceed with treatment must be made in collaboration with the patient and include a careful assessment of the associated risks and benefits...
November 2016: Indian Dermatology Online Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27764208/is-endotoxemia-in-stable-hemodialysis-patients-an-artefact-limitations-of-the-limulus-amebocyte-lysate-assay-and-role-of-1%C3%A2-3-%C3%AE-d-glucan
#8
Jonathan Wong, Yonglong Zhang, Ashish Patidar, Enric Vilar, Malcolm Finkelman, Ken Farrington
BACKGROUND: Elevated blood endotoxin levels are frequently reported in the dialysis population and are strongly linked with inflammation, a major predictor of mortality. Virtually all studies have employed the Limulus Amoebocyte Lysate (LAL) assay to detect endotoxin. However this assay is not endotoxin-specific and can be activated by (1→3)-β-glucan (BG), a component of fungal cell walls leading to false positive signals. Very few studies have taken account of this. We examined the influence of BG-based activation of the LAL assay on the detection of endotoxemia in this setting...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27753964/os-10-03-the-distinctive-effect-of-polysaccharide-peptides-ganoderma-lucidum-as-anti-atherogenesis-in-stable-angina-patients
#9
Nizamuddin Ubaidillah, Djanggan Sargowo, Adriawan Widya, Vitryaturrida Jakfar, Kartika Siwi Proboretno, Mirza Failasufi, Yoga Warahugraha, Fadli Ramadhan, Hesti Wulandari, Dinarsari Hayuning Putri
OBJECTIVE: This study was aimed to evaluate the effects of polysaccharide peptides (PsP) of Ganoderma lucidum as anti inflammation, anti oxidant, anti diabetic and anti lipid in stable angina pectoris patients. DESIGN AND METHOD: This is a quasi clinical trial experimental study on 34 Stable Angina patients in Saiful Anwar General Hospital was determined based on ESC Stable CAD guidelines, with pre-test and post-test design without control. Parameter measured were TNF alfa, IL-6, MDA, SOD, HbA1c, Fasting glucose and Total cholesterol...
September 2016: Journal of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27643361/os-10-03-the-distinctive-effect-of-polysaccharide-peptides-ganoderma-lucidum-as-anti-atherogenesis-in-stable-angina-patients
#10
Nizamuddin Ubaidillah, Djanggan Sargowo, Adriawan Widya, Vitryaturrida Jakfar, Kartika Siwi Proboretno, Mirza Failasufi, Yoga Warahugraha, Fadli Ramadhan, Hesti Wulandari, Dinarsari Hayuning Putri
OBJECTIVE: This study was aimed to evaluate the effects of polysaccharide peptides (PsP) of Ganoderma lucidum as anti inflammation, anti oxidant, anti diabetic and anti lipid in stable angina pectoris patients. DESIGN AND METHOD: This is a quasi clinical trial experimental study on 34 Stable Angina patients in Saiful Anwar General Hospital was determined based on ESC Stable CAD guidelines, with pre-test and post-test design without control. Parameter measured were TNF alfa, IL-6, MDA, SOD, HbA1c, Fasting glucose and Total cholesterol...
September 2016: Journal of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27551771/microrna-expression-profiles-in-patients-with-acute-crimean-congo-hemorrhagic-fever-reveal-possible-adjustments-to-cellular-pathways
#11
Zekiye Cemre Demir, Aliye Bastug, Hurrem Bodur, Koray Ergunay, Aykut Ozkul
Several viral diseases are associated with altered microRNA (miRNA) expression, which can provide vital information about how cellular pathways respond to infection. However, the miRNA profile of Crimean Congo Hemorrhagic Fever (CCHFV) infections are not known. To address this gap, we performed real-time PCR-based miRNA analysis in individuals with acute Crimean Congo Hemorrhagic Fever (CCHFV) infections, with the goal of identifying pathways that might be associated with this disease. Peripheral blood mononuclear cells were analysed in eight individuals with detectable viral RNA and compared to five healthy subjects...
March 2017: Journal of Medical Virology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27527810/expression-of-several-cytokines-in-prostate-cancer-correlation-with-clinical-variables-of-patients-relationship-with-biochemical-progression-of-the-malignance
#12
Norelia Torrealba, Gonzalo Rodríguez-Berriguete, Benito Fraile, Gabriel Olmedilla, Pilar Martínez-Onsurbe, Manuel Guil-Cid, Ricardo Paniagua, Mar Royuela
BACKGROUND: This work is focused on finding new markers that complement or diagnoses currently used towards improving knowledge histological and statistical aspects that allow us to predict the local stage carcinomas and to identify and understand all the factors related to the progression of this disease. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Prostates were obtained from: normal prostates from 20 men, diagnosis of BPH (Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia) from 35 men and prostate cancer from 86 men...
January 2017: Cytokine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27494077/subcutaneous-anti-tnf-alfa-induced-sustained-minimal-disease-activity-and-remission-in-psoriatic-arthritis-patients-a-retrospective-study
#13
Fabio Massimo Perrotta, Ennio Lubrano
OBJECTIVE: The aim of the present study was to assess the rate of sustained Minimal Disease Activity (MDA) and remission in a group of psoriatic arthritis (PsA) patients treated with TNFα blockers. METHODS: We perform a retrospective study on our database of PsA patients treated with adalimumab, etanercept and golimumab, with a minimum of 12 months of follow up. Patients were considered in sustained MDA when they met at least 5/7 of the criteria previously defined for at least 12 months of follow up...
September 2016: Postgraduate Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27487282/the-acute-effects-of-preoperative-ozone-theraphy-on-surgical-wound-healing
#14
Hasan Sahin, Tuncer Simsek, Hakan Turkon, Yıldıray Kalkan, Faruk Ozkul, M Turgut Alper Ozkan, Mesut Erbas, Ugur Altinisik, Yavuz Demiraran
PURPOSE: To investigate the effects of preoperative rectal ozone insufflation on surgical wound healing over the proinflammatory cytokines and histopathological changes. METHODS: Twenty one rabbits were divided into 3 groups. Sham, surgical wound, and ozone applied (6 sessions, every other day 70 µg/mL in 12 mL O2-O3 mixture rectally) surgical wound groups were created. TNF-alpha and IL-6 levels from all rabbits were studied at the basal, 24th hour, and 72nd hour...
July 2016: Acta Cirúrgica Brasileira
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27275852/effects-of-platelet-rich-plasma-on-fascial-healing-in-rats-with-fecal-peritonitis
#15
Mustafa Girgin, Kenan Binnetoglu, Kazim Duman, Burhan Hakan Kanat, Ziya Cetinkaya, Refik Ayten, Yavuz Selim Ilhan, Necip Ilhan, Ibrahim Seker, Necati Timurkaan
PURPOSE: To evaluate the effects of platelet rich plasma (PRP) on the healing of fascia wherein peritonitis has been created. METHODS: Twenty eight Wistar Albino rats were divided into four groups. Only a primary fascial repair following laparotomy was performed on Group 1, a primary fascial repair performed and PRP treatment applied following laparotomy on Group 2, and a fecal peritonitis created following laparotomy and a primary fascial repair carried out on Group 3...
May 2016: Acta Cirúrgica Brasileira
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27271552/update-on-the-role-of-molecular-factors-and-fibroblasts-in-the-pathogenesis-of-dupuytren-s-disease
#16
Massimiliano Tripoli, Adriana Cordova, Francesco Moschella
The mechanism by which the fibroblast is able to trigger palmar fibromatosis is still not yet fully understood. It would appear certain that the "abnormal" fibroblasts continuously synthesise profibrotic cytokines which are able to determine the activation to myofibroblasts, to stimulate them to the further proliferation and synthesis of other cytokines, to modify the cells' differentiation and ultrastructural characteristics, as well as the production of matrix and other proteins. Several fibroblast growth factors have been suggested to be responsible of an abnormal cell activation with an aberrantly elevated collagen synthesis and extracellular deposition in Dupuytren's disease, as TGF-Beta, TNF-Alfa, PDGF, GM-CSF, free radicals, metalloproteinases, sex hormones, gene modified expression, mechanical stimulation...
December 2016: Journal of Cell Communication and Signaling
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27224907/protective-effect-of-guggulipid-in-high-fat-diet-and-middle-cerebral-artery-occlusion-mcao-induced-ischemic-cerebral-injury-in-rats
#17
M A Ahmad, A K Najmi, M Mujeeb, M Akhtar
AIM: The role of guggulipid was evaluated in high fat diet and middle cerebral artery occlusion (MCAO) induced ischemic cerebral dysfunctions in rats of either sex. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Ethyl acetate extract of guggul known as guggulipid was prepared and administered to rats. Animals were divided into 9 groups, consisting 6 rats, each receiving different treatments per orally for 8 weeks. Control group rats received normal control diet while rest of the other groups animals were fed high fat diet (HFD) for 8 weeks...
August 2016: Drug Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27216712/b7h6-derived-peptides-trigger-tnf-%C3%AE-dependent-immunostimulatory-activity-of-lymphocytic-nk92-mi-cells
#18
Mariana Phillips, Francesca Romeo, Constantine Bitsaktsis, David Sabatino
The rise of biologics that can stimulate immune responses towards the eradication of tumors has led to the evolution of cancer-based immunotherapy. Representatively, B7H6 has been recently identified as a protein ligand on tumor cells that binds specifically to the NKp30 receptor and triggers NK cell-derived cytokine production, which ultimately leads to tumor cell lysis and death. In an effort to develop effective immunotherapy approaches, the rational design of a novel class of immunostimulatory peptides (IPs) derived from the binding interface of B7H6:NKp30 is described in this study...
September 2016: Biopolymers
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27163486/surgical-trauma-caused-by-different-abdominal-access-routes-comparison-of-open-surgical-laparoscopic-and-notes-transgastric-techniques-in-a-porcine-model
#19
Jorge Arroyo Vázquez, Maria Bergström, Joan Dot, Monder Abu-Suboh-Abadia, Carla Fonseca, Marielle Esteves, Asghar Azadani, Jordi Armengol, Miquel Masachs, José Ramon Armengol-Miró, Per-Ola Park
BACKGROUND: Investigations indicate that natural orifice translumenal endoscopic surgery (NOTES) procedures induce a less pronounced postoperative inflammatory response than open or laparoscopic surgery, inflicting less trauma. In NOTES procedures, no skin incision is performed. We compare the inflammatory response added by the type of incision by measuring C-reactive protein (CRP) and tumors necrosis factor-alfa (TNF-α). METHODS: Twenty-seven pigs were randomized to open surgical, laparoscopic, or transgastric NOTES abdominal access...
July 2016: Journal of Laparoendoscopic & Advanced Surgical Techniques. Part A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27134662/clinical-experience-with-infliximab-biosimilar-remsima-ct-p13-in-inflammatory-bowel-disease-patients
#20
REVIEW
Jørgen Jahnsen
Many reference biological therapies have now reached or are near to patent expiry, and therefore a number of biosimilars have been or will be developed. The term biosimilar can be defined as a biotherapeutic product that is similar in efficacy, safety and quality to the licensed reference product. Biosimilars may lead to a reduced price and significant cost savings for the health community and hopefully more patients globally will have easier access to biological therapy when indicated. CT-P13, which is a TNF-alfa inhibitor, is the first monoclonal antibody biosimilar being used in clinical practice...
May 2016: Therapeutic Advances in Gastroenterology
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