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cardiovascular disease genetic risk assessment

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29775496/young-adult-s-knowledge-and-attitudes-towards-cardiovascular-disease-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#1
REVIEW
Ronald Trejo, Wendy Cross, John Stephenson, Karen-Leigh Edward
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: To explore young adult's knowledge and attitudes of cardiovascular disease and its risk factors. BACKGROUND: Cardiovascular disease morbidity is rising and mortality is declining among young adults. However, the knowledge of cardiovascular disease by young adults is not well known. DESIGN: A systematic review with meta-analysis was used. METHODS: The databases of CINHAL, Medline Complete, PsychINFO and Psycharticles were searched for all studies published before June 2016...
May 18, 2018: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29767668/genetic-variations-in-circadian-rhythm-genes-and-susceptibility-for-myocardial-infarction
#2
Ivana Škrlec, Jakov Milic, Marija Heffer, Borut Peterlin, Jasenka Wagner
Disruption of endogenous circadian rhythms has been shown to increase the risk of developing myocardial infarction (MI), suggesting that circadian genes might play a role in determining disease susceptibility. We conducted a case-control study on 200 patients hospitalized due to MI and 200 healthy controls, investigating the association between MI and single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in four circadian genes (ARNTL, CLOCK, CRY2, and PER2). The variants of all four genes were chosen based on their previously reported association with cardiovascular risk factors, which have a major influence on the occurrence of myocardial infarction...
May 14, 2018: Genetics and Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29762069/a-common-variation-in-the-caveolin-1-gene-is-associated-with-high-serum-triglycerides-and-metabolic-syndrome-in-an-admixed-latin-american-population
#3
Gustavo Mora-García, Doris Gómez-Camargo, Ángelo Alario, Claudio Gómez-Alegría
BACKGROUND: The caveolin 1 (CAV1) gene has been associated with metabolic traits in animal models and human cohorts. Recently, a prevalent variant in CAV1 has been found to be related to metabolic syndrome in Hispanics living in North America. Since Hispanics represent an admixed population at high risk for cardiovascular diseases, in this study a Latin American population with a similar genetic background was assessed. OBJECTIVE: To analyze a genetic association between CAV1 and metabolic traits in an admixed Latin American population...
May 15, 2018: Metabolic Syndrome and related Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29751665/long-non-coding-rnas-in-multifactorial-diseases-another-layer-of-complexity
#4
REVIEW
Gabriel A Cipolla, Jaqueline C de Oliveira, Amanda Salviano-Silva, Sara C Lobo-Alves, Debora S Lemos, Luana C Oliveira, Tayana S Jucoski, Carolina Mathias, Gabrielle A Pedroso, Erika P Zambalde, Daniela F Gradia
Multifactorial diseases such as cancer, cardiovascular conditions and neurological, immunological and metabolic disorders are a group of diseases caused by the combination of genetic and environmental factors. High-throughput RNA sequencing (RNA-seq) technologies have revealed that less than 2% of the genome corresponds to protein-coding genes, although most of the human genome is transcribed. The other transcripts include a large variety of non-coding RNAs (ncRNAs), and the continuous generation of RNA-seq data shows that ncRNAs are strongly deregulated and may be important players in pathological processes...
May 11, 2018: Non-Coding RNA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29746892/taste-phenotype-associates-with-cardiovascular-disease-risk-factors-via-diet-quality-in-multivariate-modeling
#5
Mastaneh Sharafi, Shristi Rawal, Maria Luz Fernandez, Tania B Huedo-Medina, Valerie B Duffy
Sensations from foods and beverages drive dietary choices, which in turn, affect risk of diet-related diseases. Perception of these sensation varies with environmental and genetic influences. This observational study aimed to examine associations between chemosensory phenotype, diet and cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk. Reportedly healthy women (n = 110, average age 45 ± 9 years) participated in laboratory-based measures of chemosensory phenotype (taste and smell function, propylthiouracil (PROP) bitterness) and CVD risk factors (waist circumference, blood pressure, serum lipids)...
May 7, 2018: Physiology & Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29732560/single-nucleotide-polymorphisms-in-long-noncoding-rna-anril-are-not-associated-with-severe-periodontitis-but-with-adverse-cardiovascular-events-among-patients-with-cardiovascular-disease
#7
S Schulz, L Seitter, K Werdan, B Hofmann, H-G Schaller, A Schlitt, S Reichert
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Biological plausibility of an association between severe periodontitis and cardiovascular disease (CVD) has been proven. Genetic characteristics play an important role in both complex inflammatory diseases. Polymorphisms (single nucleotide polymorphisms [SNPs]) in the long noncoding RNA, antisense noncoding RNA in the INK4 locus (ANRIL), were shown to play a leading role in both diseases. The primary objectives of the study were to assess, among cardiovascular (CV angiographically proven ≥50% stenosis of a main coronary artery) patients, the impact of ANRIL SNPs rs133049 and rs3217992 on the severity of periodontitis and the previous history of coronary events, as well as on the occurrence of further adverse CV events...
May 6, 2018: Journal of Periodontal Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29728394/cetp-cholesteryl-ester-transfer-protein-concentration-a-genome-wide-association-study-followed-by-mendelian-randomization-on-coronary-artery-disease
#8
Lisanne L Blauw, Ruifang Li-Gao, Raymond Noordam, Renée de Mutsert, Stella Trompet, Jimmy F P Berbée, Yanan Wang, Jan B van Klinken, Tim Christen, Diana van Heemst, Dennis O Mook-Kanamori, Frits R Rosendaal, J Wouter Jukema, Patrick C N Rensen, Ko Willems van Dijk
BACKGROUND: We aimed to identify independent genetic determinants of circulating CETP (cholesteryl ester transfer protein) to assess causal effects of variation in CETP concentration on circulating lipid concentrations and cardiovascular disease risk. METHODS: A genome-wide association discovery and replication study on serum CETP concentration were embedded in the NEO study (Netherlands Epidemiology of Obesity). Based on the independent identified variants, Mendelian randomization was conducted on serum lipids (NEO study) and coronary artery disease (CAD; CARDIoGRAMplusC4D consortium)...
May 2018: Circulation. Genomic and precision medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29700071/defining-the-human-envirome-an-omics-approach-for-assessing-the-environmental-risk-of-cardiovascular-disease
#9
REVIEW
Daniel W Riggs, Ray A Yeager, Aruni Bhatnagar
Both genetic and environmental factors contribute to the development of cardiovascular disease, but in comparison with genetics, environmental factors have received less attention. Evaluation of environmental determinants of cardiovascular disease is limited by the lack of comprehensive omics approaches for integrating multiple environmental exposures. Hence, to understand the effects of the environment as a whole (envirome), it is important to delineate specific domains of the environment and to assess how, individually and collectively; these domains affect cardiovascular health...
April 27, 2018: Circulation Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29699591/new-perspectives-systems-medicine-in-cardiovascular-disease
#10
Frank Kramer, Steffen Just, Tanja Zeller
BACKGROUND: Cardiovascular diseases (CVD) represent one of the most important causes of morbidity and mortality worldwide. Innovative approaches to increase the understanding of the underpinnings of CVD promise to enhance CVD risk assessment and might pave the way to tailored therapies. Within the last years, systems medicine has emerged as a novel tool to study the genetic, molecular and physiological interactions. CONCLUSION: In this review, we provide an overview of the current molecular-experimental, epidemiological and bioinformatical tools applied in systems medicine in the cardiovascular field...
April 25, 2018: BMC Systems Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29675043/cardiovascular-risk-factors-after-childhood-cancer-treatment-are-independent-of-the-fto-gene-polymorphism
#11
Małgorzata Sawicka-Żukowska, Maryna Krawczuk-Rybak, Paweł Bernatowicz, Katarzyna Muszyńska-Rosłan, Jerzy Konstantynowicz, Włodzimierz Łuczyński
The study objective was to assess the prevalence of cardiovascular disease risk factors in patients treated for childhood cancer ( N = 101) and to determine the involvement of clinical (cancer type and therapy) and/or genetic ( FTO gene rs9939609 polymorphism) factors. Anthropometric features, laboratory findings, and standardized osteodensitometric indices (fat and lean mass) were considered. Overweight/obesity was found in 17.82% of the patients; however, central adiposity was found in as many as 42.5%. At least one abnormality in lipid metabolism was observed in 35...
2018: International Journal of Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29671539/evaluation-of-suspected-dementia
#12
Nathan Falk, Ariel Cole, T Jason Meredith
Dementia is a significant and costly health condition that affects 5 million adults and is the fifth leading cause of death among Americans older than 65 years. The prevalence of dementia will likely increase in the future because the number of Americans older than 65 years is expected to double by 2060. Risk factors for dementia include age; family history of dementia; personal history of cardiovascular disease, cerebrovascular disease, diabetes mellitus, or midlife obesity; use of anticholinergic medications; apolipoprotein E4 genotype; and lower education level...
March 15, 2018: American Family Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29671165/polymorphisms-in-park2-and-mrpl37-are-associated-with-higher-risk-of-recurrent-venous-thromboembolism-in-a-sex-specific-manner
#13
Kristina Sundquist, Abrar Ahmad, Peter J Svensson, Bengt Zöller, Jan Sundquist, Ashfaque A Memon
Recent studies indicate that mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) dysfunction is a biomarker of oxidative stress and can predict the risk of cardiovascular diseases (CVDs). Genetic variants in PARK2 (rs4708928) and MRPL37 (rs10888838) genes have been shown to be associated with altered levels of mtDNA in a sex-specific manner. However, the role of these genetic variants in risk assessment of recurrent venous thromboembolism (VTE) is unknown. We investigated the role of these polymorphisms in VTE recurrence in patients from the Malmö thrombophilia study (MATS, n = 1465), followed for ~ 10 years...
April 18, 2018: Journal of Thrombosis and Thrombolysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29666136/systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-diabetes-mellitus-cardiovascular-and-respiratory-condition-epidemiology-in-sexual-minority-women
#14
Catherine Meads, Adam Martin, Jeffrey Grierson, Justin Varney
OBJECTIVE: Sexual minority women (SMW) experience higher chronic disease risk factors than heterosexual counterparts. However, it was unclear if these risks translate into higher physical condition rates. This systematic review evaluates cardiovascular disease (CVD), hypertension, respiratory disease and diabetes mellitus in SMW. METHODS: A protocol was registered with the Prospero database (CRD42016050299). Included were studies reporting mortality, incidence or prevalence of the above-listed conditions in SMW compared with heterosexual women...
April 17, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29627009/the-combined-effects-of-cardiovascular-disease-related-snps-on-ischemic-stroke
#15
Ke Xu, Xin Liu, Jurg Ott, Feng Jiang, Wei Zhang, Lefeng Wang, Jingbo Zhao, Xingyu Wang
PURPOSE: Previous studies have revealed multiple common variants associated with known risk factors for cardiovascular disease (CVD). Ischemic stroke (IS) and CVD share several risk factors with each having substantial heritability. We aimed to generate a multi-locus genetic risk score (GRS) for IS based on CVD related SNPs to evaluate their combined effects on IS. METHODS: A total of 851 patients and 977 controls were selected from Beijing, Tianjin, Shandong, Shanxi, Shaanxi and Heilongjiang communities...
May 15, 2018: Journal of the Neurological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29618599/triglyceride-rich-lipoprotein-cholesterol-and-risk-of-cardiovascular-events-among-patients-receiving-statin-therapy-in-the-treating-to-new-targets-tnt-trial
#16
Antonio J Vallejo-Vaz, Rana Fayyad, S Matthijs Boekholdt, G Kees Hovingh, John J Kastelein, Shari Melamed, Philip Barter, David D Waters, Kausik K Ray
Background -Mendelian randomization data suggest genetic determinants of lifetime higher triglyceride-rich lipoprotein-cholesterol (TRL-C) are causally related to cardiovascular disease and therefore a potential therapeutic target. The relevance of TRL-C among patients receiving statins is unknown. We assessed the relationship between TRL-C and cardiovascular risk, and whether this risk was modifiable among patients receiving statins in the TNT trial. Methods -Patients with coronary heart disease [CHD] and LDL-C 130-250mg/dL entered an 8-week run-in phase with atorvastatin 10mg/day (ATV10)...
April 4, 2018: Circulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29595040/male-infertility-as-a-proxy-of-the-overall-male-health-status
#17
Paolo Capogrosso, Eugenio Ventimiglia, Luca Boeri, Walter Cazzaniga, Francesco Chierigo, Francesco Montorsi, Andrea Salonia
INTRODUCTION: Male infertility (MI) has been widely associated with different comorbid conditions. The aim of this review is to summarize the available evidences investigating the link between MI cancer, chronic non-malignant conditions and overall health. EVIDENCE ACQUISITION: A literature search has been conducted using the MEDLINE/PubMed and Scopus databases for English-language original and review articles and selecting publications from January 2007 to June 2017, although highly regarded older publications were also considered...
March 28, 2018: Minerva Urologica e Nefrologica, the Italian Journal of Urology and Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29572929/multiple-genetic-variations-in-sodium-channel-subunits-in-a-case-of-sudden-infant-death-syndrome
#18
Federico Denti, Bo Hjorth Bentzen, Julianne Wojciak, Nancy Mutsaers Thomsen, Melvin Scheinman, Nicole Schmitt
BACKGROUND: Dysfunction of NaV 1.5 encoded by SCN5A accounts for approximately half of the channelopathic SIDS cases. We investigated the functional effect of two gene variants identified in the same patient, one in SCN5A and one in SCN1Bb. The aim of the study was to risk stratify the proband's family. METHODS: The family was referred for cardiovascular genetic evaluation to assess familial risk of cardiac disease. Functional analysis of the identified variants was performed with patch-clamp electrophysiology in HEK293 cells...
March 23, 2018: Pacing and Clinical Electrophysiology: PACE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29565029/hypertension
#19
REVIEW
Suzanne Oparil, Maria Czarina Acelajado, George L Bakris, Dan R Berlowitz, Renata Cífková, Anna F Dominiczak, Guido Grassi, Jens Jordan, Neil R Poulter, Anthony Rodgers, Paul K Whelton
Systemic arterial hypertension is the most important modifiable risk factor for all-cause morbidity and mortality worldwide and is associated with an increased risk of cardiovascular disease (CVD). Fewer than half of those with hypertension are aware of their condition, and many others are aware but not treated or inadequately treated, although successful treatment of hypertension reduces the global burden of disease and mortality. The aetiology of hypertension involves the complex interplay of environmental and pathophysiological factors that affect multiple systems, as well as genetic predisposition...
March 22, 2018: Nature Reviews. Disease Primers
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29555425/the-effect-of-apoe-and-other-common-genetic-variants-on-the-onset-of-alzheimer-s-disease-and-dementia-a-community-based-cohort-study
#20
Sven J van der Lee, Frank J Wolters, M Kamran Ikram, Albert Hofman, M Arfan Ikram, Najaf Amin, Cornelia M van Duijn
BACKGROUND: Alzheimer's disease is one of the most heritable diseases in elderly people and the most common type of dementia. In addition to the major genetic determinant of Alzheimer's disease, the APOE gene, 23 genetic variants have been associated with the disease. We assessed the effects of these variants and APOE on cumulative risk and age at onset of Alzheimer's disease and all-cause dementia. METHODS: We studied incident dementia in cognitively healthy participants (aged >45 years) from the community-based Rotterdam Study, an ongoing prospective cohort study based in Rotterdam, the Netherlands, focusing on neurological, cardiovascular, endocrine, and ophthalmological disorders, and other diseases in elderly people...
May 2018: Lancet Neurology
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