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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27886874/treatment-of-facet-injuries-in-the-cervical-spine
#1
REVIEW
Navid Khezri, Tamir Ailon, Brian K Kwon
Facet injuries are common in the cervical spine. Many classification systems over the years have characterized the heterogeneity of these injuries. For unilateral facet fractures with minimal displacement and no neurological deficit, there is mounting evidence that better radiographic and clinical outcomes may be achieved with surgical treatment. Anterior and posterior approaches can both be utilized successfully for the surgical management of facet injuries. The anterior approach is well tolerated, allows one to address a disc herniation, and provides a high union rate with good sagittal alignment...
January 2017: Neurosurgery Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27853682/acute-cervical-spontaneous-spinal-epidural-hematoma-presenting-with-minimal-neurological-deficits-a-case-report
#2
Jisoon Huh, Ho-Young Kwak, You-Nam Chung, Sun Kyung Park, Yun Suk Choi
INTRODUCTION: Spontaneous spinal epidural hematoma (SSEH) is an uncommon but potentially fatal condition. The increased bleeding tendency associated with anticoagulant medications has been proven to increase the risk of SSEH. The symptoms of SSEH usually begin with sudden severe neck or back pain and are followed by neurological deficits. However, some cases present with only axial pain or with radicular pain similar to herniated disc disorders. CASE PRESENTATION: A 28-year-old healthy man developed a sudden onset of severe neck and right shoulder pain with mild arm weakness...
October 2016: Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27831993/postoperative-symptomatic-anterior-spinal-epidural-hematoma-complete-drainage-using-corpectomy-and-a-bladder-catheter
#3
Rafael González-Diaz, Ismael Auñon-Martin, Francisco Javier Ortega-Garcia, Rui Miguel Reis da Rocha
STUDY DESIGN: A case report. OBJECTIVE: We describe a technique to drain a thoracic and cervical postoperative epidural hematoma causing paraplegia after anterior cervical discectomy and fusion. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Postoperative compressive spinal epidural hematoma (SEH) is a devastating complication and early diagnosis and treatment is essential. The most commonly accepted treatment is decompression and drainage of hematoma. METHODS: A 65-year-old male with a degenerative disc disease located at C4-C5, C5-C6, and C6-C7 levels with disc herniation underwent a standard anterior cervical decompression and fusion at C4-C5-C6-C7...
November 15, 2016: Spine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27796650/the-value-of-short-term-pain-relief-in-predicting-the-1-month-outcome-of-indirect-cervical-epidural-steroid-injections
#4
Holger Joswig, Armin Neff, Christina Ruppert, Gerhard Hildebrandt, Martin Nikolaus Stienen
BACKGROUND: Clinical management after epidural steroid injections (ESI) of patients with radiculopathy secondary to a cervical disc herniation (CDH) is uncertain. This study aims to determine whether short-term arm pain alleviation following computed tomography-guided 'indirect' cervical ESI can predict the 1-month outcome. METHODS: We conducted a prospective observation of 45 consecutive patients at a tertiary radiological department. Study components were visual analog scale arm and neck pain at baseline, 15, 30, and 45 min, 1, 2, and 4 h, on days 1-14, 1 month, and at 1 year...
October 28, 2016: Acta Neurochirurgica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27751923/return-to-sports-after-cervical-total-disc-replacement
#5
Andreas Reinke, Michael Behr, Alexander Preuss, Jimmy Villard, Bernhard Meyer, Florian Ringel
OBJECT: Total disc replacement (TDR) is typically indicated in young patients with a cervical soft disc herniation. To date, there are few data on the activity level of patients after cervical TDR; in particular, from young patients who are expected to have a high activity level with frequent exercising. The expectation is that returning to active sports after cervical TDR is not restricted. METHODS: Fifty patients were treated with a monosegmental cervical TDR at our department between May 2006 and March 2012...
October 14, 2016: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27749509/does-the-level-of-cervical-disc-herniation-surgery-affect-performance-based-outcomes-in-national-football-league-athletes
#6
Harry T Mai, Robert J Burgmeier, Sean M Mitchell, Andrew C Hecht, Joseph C Maroon, Gordon W Nuber, Wellington K Hsu
STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective cohort study. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to determine whether the level of a cervical disc herniation (CDH) procedure will uniquely impact performance-based outcomes in elite athletes of the National Football League (NFL). SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Comparative assessments of postsurgical outcomes in NFL athletes with CDH at different levels are unknown. Further, the surgical decision-making for these types of injuries in professional football athletes remains controversial...
December 1, 2016: Spine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27741118/higher-risk-for-cervical-herniated-intervertebral-disc-in-physicians-a-retrospective-nationwide-population-based-cohort-study-with-claims-analysis
#7
Cheng Liu, Chien-Cheng Huang, Chien-Chin Hsu, Hung-Jung Lin, How-Ran Guo, Shih-Bin Su, Jhi-Joung Wang, Shih-Feng Weng
There is no study about cervical herniated intervertebral disc (cervical HIVD) in physicians in the literature; therefore, we conceived a retrospective nationwide, population-based cohort study to elucidate the topic. We identified 26,038 physicians, 33,057 non-physician healthcare providers (HCPs), and identical numbers of non-HCP references (i.e., general population). All cohorts matched a 1:1 ratio with age and gender, and each were chosen from the Taiwan National Health Insurance Research Database (NHIRD)...
October 2016: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27707846/radiographic-changes-in-the-cervical-spine-following-anterior-arthrodesis-a-long-term-analysis-of-166-patients
#8
Raj D Rao, Donald R Gore, Shu-Jie Tang, Brandon J Rebholz, Narayan Yoganandan, Mei Wang
BACKGROUND: Adjacent segment degeneration frequently develops following anterior cervical discectomy and fusion. The objectives of the present study were to characterize the long-term evolution of degenerative radiographic changes at segments adjacent to anterior cervical fusion and to identify factors associated with the development of these changes, including the preoperative condition of the cervical spine and parameters related to arthrodeses. METHODS: One hundred and sixty-six patients who underwent anterior cervical discectomy and fusion for symptomatic cervical spondylosis or disc herniation were followed radiographically for a mean time of 12...
October 5, 2016: Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery. American Volume
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27703423/cervical-spondylodiscitis-after-oxygen-ozone-therapy-for-treatment-of-a-cervical-disc-herniation-a-case-report-and-review-of-the-literature
#9
Pablo Andrés-Cano, Tomás Vela, Claudio Cano, Gaspar García, Juan Carlos Vera, Jose Antonio Andrés-García
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2016: HSS Journal: the Musculoskeletal Journal of Hospital for Special Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27695567/anterior-cervical-discectomy-and-fusion-with-titanium-cages-for-simple-or-multilevel-herniated-discs-and-spur-of-the-cervical-spine-report-of-2-cases-and-experience-in-bali
#10
G B Mahadewa Tjokorda, Golden Nyoman, Maliawan Sri, Mizuno Junichi
This report presents two cases of cervicobrachialgia and radiculopathy due to multiple cervical herniated discs and spur formation that dealt with anterior cervical discectomy and fusion (ACDF) using different titanium interbody cages. The description of the clinical presentation, magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) appearances and management strategy are discussed. Both cases showed chronic neck pain and radiating pain from the shoulder to the arm. They had a history of blurry vision, cluster head ache, weakness, and numbness on the shoulder for 2 years...
October 2016: Asian Journal of Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27683710/cervical-disc-herniation-as-a-trigger-for-temporary-cervical-cord-ischemia
#11
Güliz Acker, Ulf C Schneider, Zarko Grozdanovic, Peter Vajkoczy, Johannes Woitzik
BACKGROUND: Disc herniations are only reported in few case reports as a rare cause of acute spinal ischemia. A surgical treatment has not been described so far in these reports with analysis of diffusion weighted magnetic resonance imaging (DWI/MRI) before and after surgery. The aim of our study is to report a case of cervical spinal cord ischemia caused by cervical disc herniation and discuss the literature concerning diagnostic and treatment options. METHODS: A 72-year-old female patient developed an acute progressive tetraparesis with emphasis on the upper extremities...
June 2016: Journal of Spine Surgery (Hong Kong)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27669046/propionibacterium-acnes-coagulase-negative-staphylococcus-and-the-biofilm-like-intervertebral-disc
#12
Michael F Coscia, Gerald A Denys, Matthew F Wack
STUDY DESIGN: Patients scheduled for spinal surgery were screened prospectively for a microbial presence associated with intervertebral disc specimens. Inclusion was limited to patients requiring surgery for any of 5 conditions: study patients with cervical spine intervertebral herniation (IVH), lumbar spine IVH, lumbar spine discogenic pain, and control patients with idiopathic scoliosis/Scheurermann's kyphosis or trauma/neuromuscular deformity. Exclusion criteria included ongoing systemic infection, abnormal pre-operative white cell counts, documented or suspected spinal infection, or previous surgery to the involved disc...
September 23, 2016: Spine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27659814/the-application-of-a-compact-hd-exoscope-for-illumination-and-magnification-in-high-precision-surgical-procedures
#13
Kartik G Krishnan, Karsten Schöller, Eberhard Uhl
BACKGROUND: The basic necessities for surgical procedures are illumination, exposure and magnification. These have undergone transformation in par with technology. One of the recent developments is the compact magnifying exoscope system. In this report we describe the application of this system for surgical operations and discuss its advantages and pitfalls. METHODS: We used the ViTOM(®) exoscope mounted on the mechanical holding arm. The following surgical procedures were conducted: lumbar and cervical spinal canal decompression (n=5); laminotomy and removal of lumbar migrated disc herniations (n=4); anterior cervical discectomy and fusion (n=1); removal of intraneural schwannomas (n=2); removal of a acute cerebellar hemorrhage (n=1); removal of a parafalcine atypical cerebral hematoma caused by a dural arterio-venous fistula (n=1); microsutures and anastomoses of a nerve (n=1), an artery (n=1) and veins (n=2)...
September 19, 2016: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27635392/an-outcome-study-of-anterior-cervical-discectomy-and-fusion-among-iranian-population
#14
Ali Haghnegahdar, Mahsa Sedighi
Background and Aim. First-line treatment strategy for managing cervical disc herniation is conservative measures. In some cases, surgery is indicated either due to signs/symptoms of severe/progressive neurological deficits, or because of persistence of radicular pain despite 12 weeks of conservative treatment. Success for treatment of cervical disc herniation using ACDF has been successfully reported in the literature. We aim to determine the outcome of ACDF in treatment of cervical disc herniation among Iranians...
2016: Neuroscience Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27622728/anterior-corpectomy-versus-posterior-laminoplasty-for-the-treatment-of-multilevel-cervical-myelopathy-a-meta-analysis
#15
Dan Huang, Xuelian Du, Huiting Liang, Wenjie Hu, Haijun Hu, Xing Cheng
PURPOSE: To compare the effectiveness between anterior corpectomy (CORP) and posterior laminoplasty (LAMP) for the treatment of multilevel cervical myelopathy. STUDY DESIGN: Systematic review and meta-analysis. METHODS: We searched MEDLINE, EMBASE, PubMed, OVID, Web of Science and the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials databases for all relevant articles that compared the two operations for the treatment of multilevel cervical myelopathy...
September 10, 2016: International Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27611826/percutaneous-cervical-nucleoplasty-vs-pulsed-radio-frequency-of-the-dorsal-root-ganglion-in-patients-with-contained-cervical-disk-herniation-a-prospective-randomized-controlled-trial
#16
Willy Halim, Walter van der Weegen, Toine Lim, Jorgen Antonin Wullems, Kris Christiaan Vissers
BACKGROUND: Cervical neck pain is often caused by cervical disk pathology and may cause severe symptoms and disability. Surgeons and patients are increasingly aware of postsurgery-related complications. This stimulated the clinical usage of minimally invasive treatments such as percutaneous nucleoplasty (PCN) and pulsed radio frequency (PRF). However, scientific evidence on both treatments is limited. OBJECTIVE: Our objective was to evaluate the efficacy of PCN compared to PRF in patients with contained cervical disk herniation...
September 9, 2016: Pain Practice: the Official Journal of World Institute of Pain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27610119/advances-in-the-pathogenesis-diagnosis-and-treatment-of-bow-hunter-s-syndrome-a-comprehensive-review-of-the-literature
#17
REVIEW
Guangxin Duan, Jiaping Xu, Jijun Shi, Yongjun Cao
Bow hunter's syndrome (BHS), also known as rotational vertebral artery (VA) occlusion syndrome, is a rare yet treatable type of symptomatic vertebrobasilar insufficiency resulting from mechanical occlusion or stenosis of the VA during head and neck rotation or extension. The symptoms of BHS range from transient vertigo to posterior circulation stroke. The underlying pathology is dynamic stenosis or compression of the VA by abnormal bony structures with neck rotation or extension in many cases, such as osteophyte, disc herniation, cervical spondylosis, tendinous bands or tumors...
June 2016: Interventional Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27567572/acute-compressive-myelopathy-caused-by-spinal-subarachnoid-hemorrhage-a-combined-effect-of-asymptomatic-cervical-spondylosis
#18
Toshinari Kawasaki, Hitoshi Fukuda, Yoshitaka Kurosaki, Akira Handa, Masaki Chin, Sen Yamagata
BACKGROUND: The patient with SAH by hemorrhagic AVFs usually presents with meningeal signs including headache and nausea, and focal neurological deficit is found in rare cases. In this article, we report a case of acute compressive cervical myelopathy caused by hemorrhagic AVF at the craniocervical junction. CLINICAL DESCRIPTION: A 73-year-old woman was transferred to our hospital for sudden headache and subsequent left hemiparesis. Head CT showed subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) exclusively in the posterior fossa, and catheter angiography revealed a perimedullary arteriovenous fistula at the craniocervical junction as a source of the SAH...
August 24, 2016: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27549325/high-definition-video-telescope-assisted-ventral-slot-decompression-surgery-for-cervical-intervertebral-disc-herniation-in-30-dogs
#19
Diego Rossetti, Guillaume R Ragetly, Cyrill M Poncet
OBJECTIVE: To describe the use of a video telescope operating monitor (VITOM™) for ventral slot decompression and to report its clinical applications using preoperative and postoperative computed tomography (CT) myelography. STUDY DESIGN: Prospective case series. ANIMALS: Consecutive dogs presented with cervical intervertebral disc disease requiring surgical decompression (n = 30). METHODS: Demographic data, preoperative neurological status, localization and lateralization of the compression, total operative time, surgical complications, ventral slot size and orientation, hospitalization time, and postoperative outcome were recorded...
October 2016: Veterinary Surgery: VS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27548342/differentiation-of-osteophytes-and-disc-herniations-in-spinal-radiculopathy-using-susceptibility-weighted-magnetic-resonance-imaging
#20
Yvonne Yi-Na Bender, Gerd Diederichs, Thula Cannon Walter, Moritz Wagner, Thomas Liebig, Marcus Rickert, Kay-Geert Hermann, Bernd Hamm, Marcus Richard Makowski
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the diagnostic performance of susceptibility-weighted magnetic resonance imaging (SW-MRI) for the differentiation of osteophytes and disc herniations of the spine compared with that of conventional spine MR sequences and radiography. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This study was approved by the local ethics review board; written consent was obtained from all subjects. Eighty-one patients with suspected radiculopathy of the spine were included prospectively...
August 19, 2016: Investigative Radiology
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