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Herniated cervical disc

Yang Meng, Xiaofei Wang, Beiyu Wang, Tingkui Wu, Hao Liu
RATIONALE: Cervical open-door laminoplasty can enlarge the volume of the cervical vertebral canal and thus has become an effective and safe treatment for multilevel cervical disc herniation and cervical stenosis. Some post-surgery complications exist, such as reduction of cervical alignment and local kyphosis. However, aggravation of cervical disc herniation at the surgical level during short-term follow-up has not been discussed. Additionally, spontaneous disappearance of herniated disc pulposus is a common phenomenon in the lumbar region but is relatively rare in the cervical region...
March 2018: Medicine (Baltimore)
Wen-Kai Wu, Zheng Jian Yan, Teng-Fei Zhang, Cong-Gang Liao, Kai-Lu Liang, Liang Chen, Zhong-Liang Deng
BACKGROUND: Anterior percutaneous endoscopic transcorporeal cervical discectomy (APETCD) is an alternative operation for cervical disc herniation. However, few reports have evaluated the biomechanical influence of tunnels on vertebrae. We compared biomechanical distinctions between intact and tunneled models to analyze the safety of APETCD based on a C2-T1 finite element(FE) model. METHODS: Two groups of C2-T1 FE models were simulated with C4 tunneled by two methods (A: with partial superior endplate excision, B: without partial superior endplate excision) and various tunnel diameters (6mm, 8mm, 10mm)...
March 3, 2018: World Neurosurgery
Chun-Kun Park, Kyeong-Sik Ryu
Since the launch of cervical total disc replacement (CTDR) in the early 2000s, many clinical studies have reported better outcomes of CTDR compared to those of anterior cervical discectomy and fusion. However, CTDR is still a new and innovative procedure with limited indications for clinical application in spinal surgery, particularly, for young patients presenting with soft disc herniation with radiculopathy and/or myelopathy. In addition, some controversial issues related to the assessment of clinical outcomes of CTDR remain unresolved...
February 2018: Asian Spine Journal
Gen-Long Jiao, Yong-Bao Fan, De-Jun Deng, Jian-Li Shao, Guo-Dong Sun, Zhi-Zhong Li
OBJECTIVE: To analyze the clinical effect of spinal cord decompression and lavage therapy on chronic cervical spinal cord injury and explore the possible mechanism. METHODS: Fifty-seven patients with chronic cervical spinal cord injury treated in our hospital from January, 2008 to January, 2015 were enrolled, including 17 with multilevel cervical disc herniation, 25 with long segmental ossification of the posterior longitudinal ligament, 13 with hypertrophy or calcification of neck ligamentum flavum, and 2 with old cervical fractures...
February 20, 2018: Nan Fang Yi Ke da Xue Xue Bao, Journal of Southern Medical University
Burak Yulug, Sema Brandmeier, Lutfu Hanoglu
BACKGROUND: The causal link between upper limb restlessness and cervical disc prolapsus is still unclear, and the exact role of the spinal cord in the origination of limb restlessness is not yet completely understood. METHODS: Here we have evaluated the therapeutic effect of pramipexole (0.5 mg/kg) in a 47-year old male with cervical disc prolapsus who described restlessness in his upper limb and neck. RESULTS: The patient felt significantly better, and his symptoms improved near to complete after five days after we have initiated 0...
February 27, 2018: Current Clinical Pharmacology
Conggang Liao, Qiang Ren, Lei Chu, Lei Shi, Qingshuai Yu, Zhenjian Yan, Kexiao Yu, Chao Liu, Wenkai Wu, Yang Xiong, Zhongliang Deng, Liang Chen
PURPOSE: During the long-term practice of percutaneous endoscopic cervical discectomy (PECD) at our institution, we have modified the protocol to include the vertical anchoring technique (VAT), which we will describe in detail in this article. The objective of this study was to compare the clinical outcomes associated with the conventional posterior PECD technique with that associated with the modified technique to determine the safety and efficacy of the latter technique. METHODS: From December 2014 to January 2016, a total of 44 patients with single cervical disc herniation were randomly divided into two groups...
February 24, 2018: European Spine Journal
Cody J Mansfield
INTRODUCTION: The patient was referred to an outpatient physical therapy clinic for lumbar radiculopathy by a primary care physician and subsequently referred for imaging due to suspicion of cervical myelopathy. The case highlights the clinical reasoning of the physical therapist differentiating between lumbar stenosis, cervical myelopathy, and upper cervical instability. To the author's knowledge, this is the only case report in the literature to describe the mechanism that could underpin a false positive Sharp-Purser test (SPT)...
February 23, 2018: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice
Vinaysagar Sharma, Shashwat Kumar Singh
Introduction: Anterior cervical discectomy is a surgical procedure performed to treat a herniated/degenerated disc in the cervical region. There have been various studies comparing arthrodesis rates among various procedures. Our patients belonged to varied socioeconomic background and underwent anterior cervical microdiscectomy without/with instrumentation. Aim: The present study was performed to study and compare the arthrodesis rates in the patients operated for anterior cervical microdiscectomy with and without fusion/instrumentation procedures at our institution...
January 2018: Journal of Neurosciences in Rural Practice
Guang-Zhou Li, Ying Hong, Hao Liu, Li-Tai Ma, Yi Yang, Chen Ding, Bei-Yu Wang, Hua Chen
OBJECTIVE: To compare the hemostatic effect between absorbable hemostatic fluid gelatin (HFG) and absorbable gelatin sponge(GS) during operation of unilateral open-door cervical expansive laminoplasty. METHODS: The clinical data of 83 patients underwent unilateral open-door cervical expansive laminoplasty from February 2014 to May 2016 were retrospectively analyzed. According to the used hemostatic materials, patients were divided into two groups. In HFG group, there were 30 males and 11 females, ranging in age from 29 to 81 years, with an average of(55...
September 25, 2017: Zhongguo Gu Shang, China Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology
Atul Goel, Pralhad Dharurkar, Abhidha Shah, Sandeep Gore, Sandeep More, Shashi Ranjan
Aim: An alternative form of surgical treatment of prolapsed cervical intervertebral disc in patients presenting with symptoms related to myelopathy is discussed. The treatment involved fixation of the affected spinal segments and aimed at arthrodesis. No direct manipulation or handling of the disc was done. Materials and Methods: During the period August 2010 to June 2017, 16 patients presenting with symptoms attributed to myelopathy and diagnosed to have prolapsed cervical intervertebral disc were surgically treated by spinal stabilization...
October 2017: Journal of Craniovertebral Junction and Spine
S Oezdemir, M Komp, P Hahn, S Ruetten
OBJECTIVE: Resection of a cervical disc herniation using a full-endoscopic technique with an anterior approach. INDICATION: Fresh disc herniation with monoradicular symptoms in the upper extremity. CONTRAINDICATIONS: Pure neck pain, cervical myelopathy, older and calcified disc herniations, higher grade of instability and deformity. SURGICAL TECHNIQUE: Introduction of a guidewire and dilatator to a cervical disc using an anterior approach...
February 1, 2018: Operative Orthopädie und Traumatologie
Bei-Yu Wang, Ting-Kui Wu, Hao Liu, Yu-Xiao Deng, Chen Ding
RATIONALE: Artificial cervical disc replacement (ACDR) has been reported to be an effective and safe surgical treatment for cervical spondylosis. However, iatrogenic fracture during ACDR surgery has rarely been reported. Considering its infrequency, we report a rare clinical case, with the aim of sharing our experience and exploring when to convert ACDR to fusion intraoperatively. PATIENTS CONCERNS: A 47-year-old woman felt neck pain with weakness and numbness in both upper limbs for 5 months...
November 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
Havva Sayhan, Serbülent Gökhan Beyaz, Ali Metin Ülgen, Mehmet Fatih Yuce, Yakup Tomak
BACKGROUND: Radiopaque gelified ethanol (RGE; DiscoGel, Gelscom SAS, France) is used as a chemonucleolysis substance in treating intradiscal herniation, showing good results without complications. It has also been used in cervical disc herniations (CDHs), demonstrating the potential efficacy of this substance. OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study is to investigate the long-term effectiveness and safety of DiscoGel in patients with CDH and chronic neck pain. STUDY DESIGN: This is a cross-sectional, single-center study...
January 2018: Pain Physician
Haiting Wang, Yi Zhou, Zhongpu Jiang
OBJECTIVE: This retrospective study compared the efficacy of combined percutaneous ozone injection and percutaneous discectomyto percutaneous ozone injection alone for the treatment of cervical disc herniation. METHODS: Patients with cervical disc herniation who were enrolled in our hospital from October 2010 to June 2015 were divided into two groups: 1) treated with percutaneous ozone injection alone (control; n= 19); and 2) those treated with combined ozone injection and percutaneous microdiscectomy (combined treatment; n= 28)...
December 29, 2017: Technology and Health Care: Official Journal of the European Society for Engineering and Medicine
Abbe Harper Crawford, Rodolfo Cappello, Akash Alexander, Steven De Decker
OBJECTIVE:  This case series describes the clinical presentation, management and outcome of three cats diagnosed with cervical intervertebral disc disease that underwent decompressive ventral slot surgery. METHODS:  This is a retrospective case series evaluating client-owned cats undergoing a ventral slot surgical procedure to manage cervical intervertebral disc disease (n = 3). RESULTS:  A routine ventral slot surgery was performed in each case without complication, resulting in postoperative neurological improvement in all three cases...
January 2018: Veterinary and Comparative Orthopaedics and Traumatology: V.C.O.T
M Komp, S Oezdemir, P Hahn, S Ruetten
OBJECTIVE: Surgery for cervical disc herniation with full-endoscopic posterior access. INDICATIONS: Cervical disc herniation and neuroforaminal pathology with radicular symptoms. CONTRAINDICATIONS: Neck pain alone, cervical myelopathy or pathologies with central nervous system symptoms, instabilities requiring correction/instabilities. SURGICAL TECHNIQUE: Introduction of a surgical tube to the facet joint at the level to be operated on...
January 9, 2018: Operative Orthopädie und Traumatologie
S Oezdemir, M Komp, P Hahn, S Ruetten
OBJECTIVE: Resection of a cervical disc herniation using a full-endoscopic technique with an anterior approach. INDICATION: Fresh disc herniation with monoradicular symptoms in the upper extremity. CONTRAINDICATIONS: Pure neck pain, cervical myelopathy, older and calcified disc herniations, higher grade of instability and deformity. SURGICAL TECHNIQUE: Introduction of a guidewire and dilatator to a cervical disc using an anterior approach...
January 9, 2018: Operative Orthopädie und Traumatologie
Maria Claudia C M Inglez de Souza, Richard Ryan, Gert Ter Haar, Rowena M A Packer, Holger A Volk, Steven De Decker
BACKGROUND: Although thoracic vertebral malformations with kyphosis and scoliosis are often considered incidental findings on diagnostic imaging studies of screw-tailed brachycephalic breeds, they have been suggested to interfere with spinal biomechanics and intervertebral disc degeneration. It is however unknown if an abnormal spinal curvature also predisposes dogs to develop clinically relevant intervertebral disc herniations. The aim of this study was to evaluate if the occurrence of thoracic vertebral malformations, kyphosis or scoliosis would be associated with a higher prevalence of cervical or thoracolumbar intervertebral disc extrusion in French bulldogs...
January 5, 2018: BMC Veterinary Research
Céline Salaud, Stéphane Ploteau, Olivier Hamel, Olivier Armstrong, Antoine Hamel
PURPOSE: There are only two descriptions of posterior longitudinal ligament (PLL) at the lumbar spine level but its morphologic characteristics are different to cervical and thoracic levels. METHOD: Spine explantation (from Th12 to L5) followed by resection of the neural arch and the dural sheath in 13 fresh cadavers was performed. The PLL was isolated from other epidural structures and its width was measured and compared to the vertebral body width at each vertebral levels...
December 29, 2017: Surgical and Radiologic Anatomy: SRA
Chelsea R Snow, Maxine Harvey-Burgess, Brigitte Laird, Stephen H M Brown, Diane E Gregory
PURPOSE: To determine if the mechanical properties of the annulus fibrosus (AF) are altered following end-plate fracture. Vertebral fractures, particularly those in the growth plate, are relatively common among adolescents. What is unclear is whether or not these fractures are also associated with concomitant damage to the intervertebral disc (IVD), in particular the AF. METHODS: The current study employed a high-rate IVD pressurization model to create growth plate fractures in the porcine cervical spine...
December 28, 2017: European Spine Journal
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