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Cervical spondylosis

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28816974/efficacy-of-cortico-cancellous-composite-allograft-in-treatment-of-cervical-spondylosis
#1
Jung-Ho Park, Yoon-Kwang Bae, Seung-Woo Suh, Jae-Hyuk Yang, Jae-Young Hong
This was a prospective comparative study.The aim of this study was to compare the clinical and radiologic outcomes of patients treated with cortico/cancellous composite allograft or autoiliac bone graft in anterior cervical discectomy and fusion.Several methods have been developed to fuse the cervical spine for treatment of cervical spondylosis. Cortico/cancellous composite allograft might be another alternative.A total of 46 patients who underwent surgery for treatment of cervical spondylosis were evaluated between September 2010 and January 2015...
August 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28816942/surgical-interventions-for-cervical-spondylosis-due-to-ossification-of-posterior-longitudinal-ligament-a-meta-analysis
#2
Di Wu, Cheng-Zhao Liu, Hao Yang, Hua Li, Nan Chen
BACKGROUND: Aim of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of various surgical interventions for the management of cervical spondylosis due to the ossification of posterior longitudinal ligament (OPLL). METHODS: After a comprehensive literature search in electronic databases, studies were selected by following pre-determined eligibility criteria. Random effects meta-analyses were performed to estimate the effect sizes of various surgical approaches in improving Japanese Orthopedic Association (JOA) scores at latest follow-up and meta-regression analyses were carried out to examine the factors affecting the change in JOA score...
August 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28816877/fractures-in-spinal-ankylosing-disorders-a-narrative-review-of-disease-and-injury-types-treatment-techniques-and-outcomes
#3
Tarush Rustagi, Doniel Drazin, Cumhur Oner, Jonathan York, Gregory D Schroeder, Alexander R Vaccaro, Rod J Oskouian, Jens R Chapman
INTRODUCTION: Spinal ankylosing disorders encompass ankylosing spondylitis (AS), disseminated hyperostosis of the spine, and end-stage spondylosis. All these result in a stiffened and frequently deformed spinal column. This makes the spinal column highly susceptible to severe injuries that are commonly associated with unfavorable outcomes. Improved understanding of the underlying disease processes and clinical comorbidities may alter the poor injury related morbidity and mortality outcomes...
September 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic Trauma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28770000/cupping-therapy-versus-acupuncture-for-pain-related-conditions-a-systematic-review-of-randomized-controlled-trials-and-trial-sequential-analysis
#4
REVIEW
Ya-Jing Zhang, Hui-Juan Cao, Xin-Lin Li, Xiao-Ying Yang, Bao-Yong Lai, Guo-Yang Yang, Jian-Ping Liu
BACKGROUND: Both cupping therapy and acupuncture have been used in China for a long time, and their target indications are pain-related conditions. There is no systematic review comparing the effectiveness of these two therapies. OBJECTIVES: To compare the beneficial effectiveness and safety between cupping therapy and acupuncture for pain-related conditions to provide evidence for clinical practice. METHODS: Protocol of this review was registered in PROSPERO (CRD42016050986)...
2017: Chinese Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28767572/relationship-between-the-small-cervical-vertebral-body-and-the-morbidity-of-cervical-spondylosis
#5
Xin Lu, Ye Tian, Shu-Jie Wang, Ji-Liang Zhai, Qian-Yu Zhuang, Si-Yi Cai, Jun Qian
This study aimed to determine the relationship between the size of the cervical vertebral body and the morbidity of cervical spondylosis, and to examine the characteristics of spondylosis patients with small cervical vertebral bodies.The clinical data and the sagittal reconstructions of computed tomography images of 182 patients with cervical spondylosis were collected retrospectively. Patients included 74 males and 108 females, with a mean age of 31.8 years (range 20-40 years). The Torg-Pavlov ratio and the sagittal diameter of the vertebral body were measured...
August 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28761504/comments-for-radiological-study-of-c3-c4-level-surgical-cases-of-cervical-spondylosis
#6
COMMENT
Mehmet Zileli
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2017: Asian Journal of Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28667278/anterior-cervical-spondylosis-surgical-interventions-are-associated-with-improved-lordosis-and-neurological-outcomes-at-latest-follow-up-a-meta-analysis
#7
Zengdong Meng, Jing Yu, Chong Luo, Xia Liu, Wei Jiang, Lehua Yu, Rongzhong Huang
Aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of cervical spondylosis surgery on cervical lordosis and to identify factors affecting the change by latest follow-up. Literature search was carried out in electronic databases and study selection followed a priori eligibility criteria. Random effects meta-analyses were performed to estimate effect size/s of change in lordosis after surgery (at latest follow-up) and metaregression analyses were performed to identify factors affecting this change. Nineteen studies (1845 patients; age 55...
June 30, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28660372/a-finite-element-study-of-traditional-chinese-cervical-manipulation
#8
Zhen Deng, Kuan Wang, Huihao Wang, Tianying Lan, Hongsheng Zhan, Wenxin Niu
PURPOSE: Traditional Chinese cervical manipulation (TCCM) has been claimed as an effective treatment for diseases of the cervical spine, but its biomechanical effects on the vertebral body and intervertebral discs remain unclear. The aim of this study was to develop and validate a detailed finite element model of cervical spine, which was then used to investigate the biomechanical response of the cervical spine to TCCM. METHODS: The model of a C2-T1 cervical spine was constructed based on CT images of a healthy male volunteer and validated against published in vitro studies under different loading conditions...
June 28, 2017: European Spine Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28629570/the-association-between-multiple-sclerosis-and-spondylosis-when-and-why
#9
Vasileios G Xydis, Anastasia K Zikou, Vassiliki Kostadima, Loukas G Astrakas, Paraskevi Kosta, Maria I Argyropoulou
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate risk factors for the development of cervical spine spondylosis (CSS) in patients with multiple sclerosis (MS) and to propose a pathogenetic mechanism. METHODS: Forty-two consecutive patients aged 23-66 years with MS and 42 age and sex matched controls were evaluated retrospectively; Clinical disability was evaluated with the expanded disability status scale (EDSS) and spasticity with the Asworth score. Total brain lesion volume (BLV), total grey matter (GM) volume and deep GM volume were assessed...
June 2017: European Journal of Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28598113/-effects-of-huoxue-dingxuan-capsule-glare-on-vertebral-artery-blood-flow-plasma-pai-and-t-pa-in-csa-rat-models
#10
Qing-Lin Li, Min Song, Ding-Ping Sun, Bin-Xiao Sun, Tao Liu, Yan-Long Gong, Ju-Tang Chai, Xiao Liu
OBJECTIVES: To determine the effects of Huoxue Dingxuan Capsule on vertebral artery blood flow,plasma plasminogen activator (t-PA) and plasminogen activator inhibitor (PAI) in rats with cervical spondylosis of vertebral artery type (CSA). METHODS: Ninety healthy male Wistar rats were equally and randomly divided into control,model and treatment groups.The rats in the model and treatment groups were subject to composite modeling manufacturing CSA.The treatment group was given six-week interventions with Huoxue Dingxuan capsule 4 weeks after the modeling...
November 2016: Sichuan da Xue Xue Bao. Yi Xue Ban, Journal of Sichuan University. Medical Science Edition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28591077/progressive-bone-formation-after-cervical-disc-replacement-minimum-of-5-year-follow-up
#11
Feifei Zhou, Kevin L Ju, Yanbin Zhao, Fengshan Zhang, Shengfa Pan, John G Heller, Yu Sun
OBJECTIVE: Our objective was to examine the prevalence, clinical significance, ramifications, and possible etiology of postoperative bone formation at the index level after Cervical Disc Replacement (CDR) with a minimum of five years of follow-up. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: CDR can be complicated by postoperative ossification and unwanted ankylosis at the index level, which some authors have termed "heterotopic ossification". This terminology may be inaccurate as it assumes the postoperative bone formation is unnatural and a consequence of the CDR surgery...
June 6, 2017: Spine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28587505/chronic-cervical-radiculopathic-pain-is-associated-with-increased-excitability-and-hyperpolarization-activated-current-ih-in-large-diameter-dorsal-root-ganglion-neurons
#12
Da-Lu Liu, Xu Wang, Wen-Guang Chu, Na Lu, Wen-Juan Han, Yi-Kang Du, San-Jue Hu, Zhan-Tao Bai, Sheng-Xi Wu, Rou-Gang Xie, Ceng Luo
Cervical radiculopathic pain is a very common symptom that may occur with cervical spondylosis. Mechanical allodynia is often associated with cervical radiculopathic pain and is inadequately treated with current therapies. However, the precise mechanisms underlying cervical radiculopathic pain-associated mechanical allodynia have remained elusive. Compelling evidence from animal models suggests a role of large-diameter dorsal root ganglion neurons and plasticity of spinal circuitry attached with Aβ fibers in mediating neuropathic pain...
January 2017: Molecular Pain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28572225/an-unusual-case-of-orthopnea
#13
Emma Keelan, Joseph Kidney, Eoin P Judge
Bilateral diaphragmatic paralysis is a known cause of respiratory failure. Diagnosis can be difficult, particularly in the acute setting. We present the case of a gentleman diagnosed with bilateral diaphragmatic paralysis secondary to phrenic neuropathy in the setting of cervical spondylosis.
June 2017: Clinical Medicine: Journal of the Royal College of Physicians of London
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28540118/spinal-cord-injury-in-the-geriatric-population-risk-factors-treatment-options-and-long-term-management
#14
REVIEW
Tochukwu C Ikpeze, Addisu Mesfin
Spinal cord injuries (SCIs) are sustained by more than 12 500 patients per year in the United States and more globally. The SCIs disproportionately affect the elderly, especially men. Approximately 60% of these injuries are sustained traumatically through falls, but nontraumatic causes including infections, tumors, and medication-related epidural bleeding have also been documented. Preexisting conditions such as ankylosing spondylitis and diffuse idiopathic skeletal hyperostosis can render the spine stiff and are risk factors as well as cervical spondylosis and ensuing cervical stenosis...
June 2017: Geriatric Orthopaedic Surgery & Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28525486/regression-of-anterior-disk-osteophyte-complex-following-cervical-laminectomy-and-fusion-for-cervical-spondylotic-myelopathy
#15
Adedayo O Ashana, Jeremiah R Cohen, Brandon Evans, Langston T Holly
STUDY DESIGN: A retrospective case-control study. OBJECTIVE: To investigate whether posterior cervical laminectomy and fusion modifies the natural course of anterior disk-osteophyte complex in patients with multilevel cervical spondylotic myelopathy. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Dorsal migration of the spinal cord is the main purported mechanism of spinal cord decompression following cervical laminectomy and fusion but other potential mechanisms have received scant attention in the literature...
June 2017: Clinical Spine Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28525469/safety-and-efficacy-study-of-an-ozone-laser-combined-therapy-using-puncture-needle-in-the-treatment-of-patients-with-cervical-spondylosis
#16
Ke Gu, Yuqiu Yan, Wu Wei, Yan Li, Wenli Liu, Yang Guo, Long Yu
STUDY DESIGN AND METHODS: Fifty-eight patients with cervical spondylosis (CS) were treated with patented technology of ozone laser combined therapy using puncture needle between August 2008 and February 2010. Visual Analogue Scale (VAS) score changes before and 6 months after surgery and MacNab score criteria 6 months after surgery were analyzed. BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: CS normally occurs over the age of 50 and broadly presents as either myelopathy or radiculopathy...
June 2017: Clinical Spine Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28508239/double-crush-syndrome-caused-by-cervical-spondylosis-and-vertebral-artery-loop
#17
Young Joon Rho, Woo Jin Choe
PURPOSE: The purpose of this article is to report a successful treatment experience in a rare case of simultaneous cervical nerve root compression by spondylotic cervical foraminal stenosis and a vertebral artery loop. METHODS: 51-year-old man presented with a 4-year history of left-sided cervical pain radiating to the left shoulder with progressive exacerbation of weakness on left shoulder girdle muscles for 7 months. The patient had no history of trauma. The patient's CT and MRI revealed impingement of the left C6 cervical nerve root by a tortuous vertebral artery loop and also by narrowed left C5-6 cervical foramen that had undergone spondylotic changes...
May 15, 2017: European Spine Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28443160/correlation-between-preoperative-magnetic-resonance-imaging-signal-intensity-changes-and-clinical-outcomes-in-patients-surgically-treated-for-cervical-myeloradiculopathy
#18
Chaitanya Baban Chikhale, Ketan Shripad Khurjekar, Ashok Kumar Shyam, Parag Kantilal Sancheti
STUDY DESIGN: This was a single surgeon, single center-based retrospective study with prospective data collection. PURPOSE: To assess the correlation between T2-weighted magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) signal intensity (SI) changes and factors such as age, duration of symptoms, baseline modified Japanese Orthopedic Association (mJOA) score and to determine its prognostic value in predicting recovery after surgery. OVERVIEW OF LITERATURE: Whether intramedullary cord T2-weighted MRI SI changes can predict operative outcomes of cervical myeloradiculopathy remains debatable, with only a few prospective studies analyzing the same...
April 2017: Asian Spine Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28441681/complications-and-mortality-following-one-to-two-level-anterior-cervical-fusion-for-cervical-spondylosis-in-patients-above-80-years-of-age
#19
Varun Puvanesarajah, Amit Jain, Adam L Shimer, Anuj Singla, Francis Shen, Hamid Hassanzadeh
STUDY DESIGN: A retrospective database review. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to determine the complication and mortality rates in patients 80 years of age and older who were treated with anterior cervical fusion surgery and to compare these rates against those of other elderly patients. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Cervical spondylosis is frequently observed in the elderly and is the most common cause of myelopathy in older adults. With increasing life expectancies, a greater proportion of patients are being treated with spine surgery at a later age...
May 1, 2017: Spine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28413581/robotic-assisted-inferior-vena-cava-filter-retrieval
#20
Shahin Owji, Tony Lu, Thomas M Loh, Adeline Schwein, Alan B Lumsden, Jean Bismuth
Although anticoagulation remains the mainstay of therapy for patients with venous thromboembolism, guidelines recommend the use of inferior vena cava (IVC) filters in those who fail anticoagulation or have contraindications to its use. Short-term use of filters has proven effective in reducing the rate of pulmonary embolism. However, their extended use is associated with a variety of complications such as thrombosis, filter migration, or caval perforation, thus making a case for timely filter retrieval. This is the case of a 68-year-old female with a history of chronic oral anticoagulation use for multiple deep venous thrombi (DVT) and pulmonary emboli (PE) who required cervical and thoracic spinal intervention for spondylosis and foramina stenosis...
January 2017: Methodist DeBakey Cardiovascular Journal
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