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Cervical spondylosis

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29675672/low-virulence-bacterial-infections-in-cervical-intervertebral-discs-a-prospective-case-series
#1
Yilei Chen, Xianjun Wang, Xuyang Zhang, Hong Ren, Bao Huang, Jian Chen, Junhui Liu, Zhi Shan, Zhihai Zhu, Fengdong Zhao
STUDY DESIGN: A prospective cross-sectional case series study. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the prevalence of low virulence disc infection and its associations with characteristics of patients or discs in the cervical spine. BACKGROUND: Low virulence bacterial infections could be a possible cause of intervertebral disc degeneration and/or back pain. Controversies are continuing over whether these bacteria, predominantly Propionibacterium acnes (P...
April 19, 2018: European Spine Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29664814/spinal-sagittal-alignment-in-patients-with-dropped-head-syndrome
#2
Kazuma Murata, Endo Kenji, Hidekazu Suzuki, Taichiro Takamatsu, Hirosuke Nishimura, Yuji Matsuoka, Yasunobu Sawaji, Hidetoshi Tanaka, Kengo Yamamoto
STUDY DESIGN: This is a retrospective radiographic study of a consecutive case series of dropped head syndrome (DHS) at a single tertiary referral center. OBJECTIVE: The aim was to clarify the spinal sagittal alignment of DHS. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: DHS is characterized by chin-on-chest deformity and devastatingly impedes activities of daily living in affected individuals. Among various forms of DHS, isolated neck extensor myopathy (INEM) is considered to cause the chin-on-chest symptom in the absence of specific abnormality...
April 16, 2018: Spine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29663022/-diagnostics-and-conservative-treatment-of-cervical-and-lumbar-spinal-stenosis
#3
REVIEW
A Hug, S Hähnel, N Weidner
BACKGROUND: Degenerative stenotic spondylosis is not an uncommon cause of cervical spondylotic myelopathy (CSM) and cauda equina lesions in the aged population. Limited standardization exists with respect to diagnostic and therapeutic procedures. OBJECTIVE: Literature review with respect to diagnostic and therapeutic procedures for neurologically relevant cervical and lumbar spinals stenosis. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Comprehensive literature review...
April 16, 2018: Der Nervenarzt
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29656629/differences-in-cervical-sagittal-alignment-changes-in-patients-undergoing-laminoplasty-and-anterior-cervical-discectomy-and-fusion
#4
Su Hun Lee, Dong Wuk Son, Jun Seok Lee, Dong Ha Kim, Soon Ki Sung, Sang Weon Lee, Geun Sung Song
OBJECTIVE: Anterior cervical discectomy and fusion (ACDF) and laminoplasty (LP) are the most commonly performed procedures for degenerative cervical spondylosis. Cervical sagittal alignment (CSA) has recently been studied as an important predictor of clinical and radiological outcomes. The data from previous studies are insufficient for analysis using the recently designed CSA parameters, T1 slope (T1s), and T1s minus cervical angle (T1sCA). METHODS: We retrospectively collected data from patients who underwent ACDF and LP from January 2013 to May 2016...
March 2018: Neurospine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29643725/modified-laminoplasty-for-degenerative-cervical-spondylosis-the-technique-of-floating-laminoplasty
#5
Samuel C Ohaegbulam, Wilfred C Mezue, Chika Anele Ndubuisi, Mark O Chikani, Ndubuisi D Achebe, Uwadiegwu A Erechukwu
Background: Laminoplasty is an established alternative to laminectomy for posterior cervical decompression in spondylotic myelopathy. However, standard laminoplasty requires internal fixation, which is often not obtainable in developing countries. We present our experience with a technique of noninstrumented (floating) laminoplasty developed to avoid the need to anchor the laminoplasty to the anterior elements. Methods: We have used floating laminoplasty (FL) for posterior cervical decompression in patients with cervical spondylosis since 2004 and report the technique and our experience with it between 2009 and 2014 when C-arm and magnetic resonance imaging became available in our unit...
January 2018: Nigerian Journal of Surgery: Official Publication of the Nigerian Surgical Research Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29643538/-anterior-cervical-discectomy-and-fusion-to-treat-cervical-spondylosis-with-sympathetic-symptoms
#6
H Liu, L Yue, S L Chen, B Hu, C D Li, X D Yi, H Li, H L Lu, Y Wang, Z R Yu, H L Sun, S J Wang, Y Zhao, L T Qi, R Wang
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the clinical effectiveness of polytheretherketone (PEEK) cages assisted anterior cervical discetomy and fusion (ACDF) to treat cervical spondylosis with sympathetic symptoms. METHODS: Retrospective analysis was undertaken for 39 patients who were diagnosed as cervical spondylosis with sympathetic symptoms and underwent ACDF with PEEK cages. Radiographs obtained before surgery, after surgery, and at the final follow-up were assessed for quality of fusion...
April 18, 2018: Beijing da Xue Xue Bao. Yi Xue Ban, Journal of Peking University. Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29595628/what-is-the-superior-surgical-strategy-for-bi-level-cervical-spondylosis-anterior-cervical-disc-replacement-or-anterior-cervical-decompression-and-fusion-a-meta-analysis-from-11-studies
#7
REVIEW
He Zhao, Li-Jun Duan, Yu-Shan Gao, Yong-Dong Yang, Xiang-Sheng Tang, Ding-Yan Zhao, Yang Xiong, Zhen-Guo Hu, Chuan-Hong Li, Xing Yu
BACKGROUND: Nowadays, anterior cervical artificial disc replacement (ACDR) has achieved favorable outcomes in treatment for patients with single-level cervical spondylosis. However, It is still controversial that whether or not it will become a potent therapeutic alternation in treating 2 contiguous levels cervical spondylosis compared with anterior cervical decompression and fusion (ACDF). Therefore, we conducted a systematic review and meta-analysis to compare the efficacy and safety of ACDR and ACDF in patients with 2 contiguous levels cervical spondylosis...
March 2018: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29587400/association-between-cervical-spondylosis-and-migraine-a-nationwide-retrospective-cohort-study
#8
Wang-Sheng Lin, Tung-Fu Huang, Tien-Yow Chuang, Cheng-Li Lin, Chia-Hung Kao
Background: Few studies have investigated the longitudinal association between cervical spondylosis (CS) and migraine by using a nationwide population-based database. Methods: We conducted a retrospective cohort study from 2000 to 2011 identifying 27,930 cases of cervical spondylosis and 111,720 control subjects (those without cervical spondylosis) from a single database. The subjects were frequency-matched on the basis of sex, age, and diagnosis date. The non- cervical spondylosis cohort was four times the size of the cervical spondylosis cohort...
March 25, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29550690/comparison-of-sagittal-parameters-for-anterior-cervical-discectomy-and-fusion-hybrid-surgery-and-total-disc-replacement-for-three-levels-of-cervical-spondylosis
#9
Che-Wei Hung, Ming-Fang Wu, Gwo-Fane Yu, Chin-Chu Ko, Cheng-Hsing Kao
PURPOSE: To analyze sagittal balance of the cervical spine after three operative methods for three consecutive levels. METHODS: A retrospective case selection and observational study was performed from December 2012 to December 2015: 20 patients underwent anterior cervical discectomy and fusion, 22 patients underwent hybrid surgery (HS), and 20 patients underwent total disc replacement (TDR). Perioperative parameters, clinical outcomes, and preoperative and postoperative sagittal parameters were recorded...
March 9, 2018: Clinical Neurology and Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29548020/alterations-in-cortical-thickness-and-subcortical-volume-are-associated-with-neurological-symptoms-and-neck-pain-in-patients-with-cervical-spondylosis
#10
Davis C Woodworth, Langston T Holly, Emeran A Mayer, Noriko Salamon, Benjamin M Ellingson
BACKGROUND: Advanced cervical spondylosis (CS) can cause structural damage to the spinal cord resulting in long-term neurological impairment including neck pain and motor weakness. We hypothesized long-term structural reorganization within the brain in patients with CS. OBJECTIVE: To explore the associations between cortical thickness, subcortical volumes, neurological symptoms, and pain severity in CS patients with or without myelopathy and healthy controls (HCs)...
March 14, 2018: Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29547116/factors-associated-with-bone-metabolism-in-patients-with-cervical-ossification-of-the-posterior-longitudinal-ligament-accompanied-with-diffuse-idiopathic-skeletal-hyperostosis
#11
Shinji Horie, Yasunobu Sawaji, Kenji Endo, Hidekazu Suzuki, Yuji Matsuoka, Hirosuke Nishimura, Takeshi Seki, Kengo Yamamoto
INTRODUCTION: Diffuse idiopathic skeletal hyperostosis (DISH) and ossification of the posterior longitudinal ligament (OPLL) are both characterized as ossification in paravertebral ligaments and sometimes present simultaneously, however, the bone metabolism in patients with cervical OPLL accompanying/not accompanying DISH has not well been studied. Thus, a retrospective analysis was performed to understand any differences in bone metabolism in these patients. METHODS: Male patients who underwent surgery for OPLL were divided into two groups based on the presence or absence of DISH (OD and O group, respectively)...
2018: SICOT-J
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29531487/evaluating-ossifications-of-the-nuchal-ligament-with-cervical-computed-tomography
#12
Erkan Gokce, Murat Beyhan
Objective: The nuchal ligament (NL) extends from the external occipital protuberance and median nuchal line to the spinous process of the 7th cervical vertebrae. In this study, we evaluated the incidence, location level, and size of ossifications of the NL (ONL) in patients who underwent cervical computed tomography (CT) for various reasons. Materials and Methods: The present study included 481 patients (187 females and 294 males) who underwent cervical CT from February 2011 to November 2016 due to reasons such as trauma, cervical spondylosis, neck pain, and screening for metastasis...
February 2018: Eurasian Journal of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29518745/risk-of-acute-coronary-syndrome-in-patients-with-cervical-spondylosis
#13
Shih-Yi Lin, Der-Cherng Chen, Cheng-Li Lin, Han-Chung Lee, Tsung-Chih Lin, I-Kuan Wang, Chung-Y Hsu, Chia-Hung Kao
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Cervical spondylosis (CS) is reported to be associated with increased sympathetic activity and hypertension. However, the cardiovascular (CV) outcomes of patients with CS are largely unknown. METHODS: A national insurance claims dataset of 22 million enrollees in Taiwan during 1999-2010 was used as the research database. We identified 27,948 patients with CS and age-, sex-, and comorbidity-matched controls. By using multivariate logistic regression analysis after adjustment for potential cardiovascular (CV) confounders, we calculated odds ratios (ORs) with 95% confidence intervals (CIs) to quantify the association between CS and acute coronary syndrome (ACS)...
March 1, 2018: Atherosclerosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29510291/clinical-effects-of-posterior-longitudinal-ligament-removal-and-wide-anterior-cervical-corpectomy-for-spondylosis
#14
Paolo Missori, Maurizio Domenicucci, Daniele Marruzzo
BACKGROUND: Removing the posterior longitudinal ligament in cervical corpectomy is a controversial issue: it is unclear whether the risks are counterbalanced by clinical benefits. Another unexplored topic is whether the width of the corpectomy affects outcome. METHODS: This cross-sectional retrospective study included consecutive patients that underwent cervical corpectomy for spondylosis by 6 different neurosurgeons. We compared two groups, where the posterior longitudinal ligament was either removed (N=15 patients) or preserved (N=21 patients)...
March 3, 2018: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29500543/recurrent-esophageal-perforation-after-anterior-cervical-spine-surgery-case-report
#15
REVIEW
Man-Kyu Park, Dae-Chul Cho, Woo-Seok Bang, Kyoung-Tae Kim, Joo-Kyung Sung
PURPOSE: Delayed esophageal perforation after anterior cervical discectomy and fusion (ACDF) is an extremely rare cause of infection such as spondylodiscitis. We present a rare case in which a patient had two delayed esophageal perforations occurring 20 and 25 years after ACDF. By sharing our experience of this rare case, we hope to provide new information related to delayed esophageal perforation. METHODS: We present the case of a 72-year-old patient who underwent ACDF due to cervical spondylosis 25 years ago...
March 2, 2018: European Spine Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29491718/prevalence-of-and-risk-factors-for-modic-change-in-patients-with-symptomatic-cervical-spondylosis-an-observational-study
#16
Jiangbo Bai, Kunlun Yu, Yaning Sun, Lingde Kong, Yong Shen
Background: The aim of this study was to assess the prevalence of cervical Modic change (MC) in patients with cervical spondylosis and to develop a better understanding of the possible risk factors for the prevalence of MC. Methods: Between January 2014 and April 2017, patients with cervical spondylosis were included in our study. All patients underwent magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) to evaluate the presence of MC. The MC was classified into three types according to the Modic classification...
2018: Journal of Pain Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29457443/-diagnosis-and-treatment-of-esophagustype-cervical-spondylosis
#17
REVIEW
Hao-Lin Tan, Cheng Luo, Run Zhang, Zhi-Qing Wang, Hang Ying, Hong-Ting Jin, Pei-Jian Tong, Jin-Min Liu
Esophagustype cervical spondylosis is easily misdiagnosed or missed diagnosed for its lower incidence. The pathological basis manily concerned with compression of osteophyte for esophageal and tracheal wall and local inflammatory reaction. The diagnosis of disease is generally not difficult. Especially dynamic esophagogram could not only show degree of cervical degeneration and osteophyte shape, but also could clearly observe location and degree of osteophytosis indenting esophageal and tracheal. Recently, the treatment of esophagustype cervical spondylosis has been the focus of attention...
December 25, 2017: Zhongguo Gu Shang, China Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29456918/cervical-disc-arthroplasty-a-comprehensive-review-of-single-level-multilevel-and-hybrid-procedures
#18
REVIEW
Joseph L Laratta, Jamal N Shillingford, Comron Saifi, K Daniel Riew
Study Design: Systematic review. Objectives: Degenerative disc disease and spondylosis resulting in radiculopathy and retrodiscal myelopathy are among the most frequently encountered cervical spinal disorders. Traditionally, anterior cervical discectomy and fusion (ACDF) has successfully achieved neural decompression and restored intradiscal height in these conditions. Unfortunately, nonunion and iatrogenic adjacent segment pathology associated with fusion procedures in the cervical spine has led to an interest in motion-preserving procedures...
February 2018: Global Spine Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29417779/-correlation-analysis-between-position-of-head-cervical-curvature-classification-and-balance-of-cervical-spine-through-lateral-plain-radiograph-measurement
#19
Kuan Wang, Zhen Deng, Hui-Hao Wang, Zheng-Yan Li, Wen-Xin Niu, Bo Chen, Ming-Cai Zhang, Wei-An Yuan, Hong-Sheng Zhan
OBJECTIVE: To analyze the relationship between position of head, cervical curvature type and associated cervical balance parameters in a neutral looking-forward posture. METHODS: Cervical lateral X-rays of 60 patients with cervical spondylosis were selected from January to December 2015. There were 22 males and 38 females with an average age of (35.5±10.9) years old. The measured parameters included cervical curvature type, McGregor slope, C2 lower end plate slope, T1 slope, center of gravity to C7 sagittal vertical offset (CG-C7 SVA), and C2 to C7 sagittal vertical offset (C2-C7 SVA)...
May 25, 2017: Zhongguo Gu Shang, China Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29417771/-comparison-of-clinical-effects-between-anterior-cervical-zero-incision-fusion-system-and-traditional-nail-plate-system-in-the-treatment-of-cervical-spondylotic-myelopathy
#20
Bu-Qing Chang, Hu Feng, Chao-Jiang Yu, Kai Huang, Xiao Gao, Hao Tang, Yun-Chang Jiang
OBJECTIVE: To compare the short-term efficacy of anterior cervical discectomy and fusion(ACDF) with traditional nail plate system and Zero-profile device in the treatment of cervical spondylotic myelopathy(CSM). METHODS: The clinical data of 45 patients with CSM treated from July 2014 to August 2015 was retrospectively analyzed. There were 23 males and 22 females with an average age of 53.7 years old(range, 32 to 71 years old). The course of disease was 5 months to 2 years...
May 25, 2017: Zhongguo Gu Shang, China Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology
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