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Foot and ankle international

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28089359/transient-and-long-time-kinetic-responses-of-the-cadaveric-leg-during-internal-and-external-foot-rotation
#1
Alexander R Mait, Adwait Mane, Jason L Forman, John Paul Donlon, Bingbing Nie, Richard W Kent
The purpose of this study was to determine the long-time and transient characteristics of the moment generated by external (ER) and internal (IR) rotation of the calcaneus with respect to the tibia. Two human cadaver legs were disarticulated at the knee joint while maintaining the connective tissue between the tibia and fibula. An axial rotation of 21° was applied to the proximal tibia to generate either ER or IR while the fibula was unconstrained and the calcaneus was permitted to translate in the transverse plane...
January 7, 2017: Journal of Biomechanics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28074463/importance-of-fixation-of-posterior-malleolus-fracture-in-trimalleolar-fractures-a-retrospective-study
#2
Sinan Karaca, Meriç Enercan, Güzelali Özdemir, Sinan Kahraman, Mutlu Çobanoğlu, Metin Küçükkaya
BACKGROUND: The aim of this retrospective study was to evaluate treatment effect and importance of posterior malleolus (PM) fixation in surgically treated trimalleolar fractures. METHODS: A total of 57 cases of ankle joint fracture involving PM and treated with open reduction and internal fixation technique between 2004 and 2011 were evaluated. PM fixation was performed with cannulated screws in 46 cases, and in 11 cases, PM plate was used. All patients were assessed using American Orthopaedic Foot and Ankle Society (AOFAS) score, American Academy of Orthopedic Surgeons (AAOS) foot and ankle questionnaire, and Visual Analog Score (VAS) pain scale...
November 2016: Ulusal Travma Ve Acil Cerrahi Dergisi, Turkish Journal of Trauma & Emergency Surgery: TJTES
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28074258/the-treatment-options-for-posterior-malleolar-fractures-in-tibial-spiral-fractures
#3
Jialiang Guo, Lei Liu, Zongyou Yang, Zhiyong Hou, Wei Chen, Yingze Zhang
PURPOSE: The posterior malleolar fracture (PMF) in tibial spiral fractures are a common type of complication that occurs in tibial fractures. However, the indication of fixation for posterior fractures is still under debate and varies between different surgeons'. It is not unusual to find the smaller PMF (<25%), which could be treated conservatively within guidelines, treated with internal fixation in clinic. The aim of this study is to evaluate the clinical outcomes of tibial spiral fractures with PMF and provide proper guidance for the treatment of this special fracture...
January 10, 2017: International Orthopaedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28073376/treatment-and-outcome-prognosis-of-patients-with-high-energy-transsyndesmotic-ankle-fracture-dislocation-the-logsplitter-injury
#4
Zhe Wang, Xin Tang, Shenglong Li, Xiuhui Wang, Liangfeng Gong, Tao Zhong, Kunzheng Wang
BACKGROUND: This study aimed to retrospectively review the clinical efficacy of open reduction and internal fixation (ORIF) for treatment of high-energy transsyndesmotic ankle fracture dislocation-the "Logsplitter" injury. METHODS: Between December 2006 and December 2014, 41 patients (29 males and 12 females; mean age, 41.46 ± 13.42 years) with Logsplitter injury were treated by ORIF procedure. Patients were grouped as typical injury (mainly vertical axial stress) and untypical injury (mainly rotational stress) according to the injury mechanism and the degree of the talus wedged into the distal tibiofibular joint...
January 10, 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28039125/mechanisms-of-acl-injury-in-professional-rugby-union-a-systematic-video-analysis-of-36-cases
#5
Connor Montgomery, Jeff Blackburn, Daniel Withers, Gregory Tierney, Cathal Moran, Ciaran Simms
BACKGROUND: The mechanisms of ACL injury in rugby are not well defined. AIM: To describe the mechanisms of ACL injury in male professional rugby players using systematic video analysis. METHODS: 36 cases from games played in top professional leagues and international matches were analysed. 5 analysts independently assessed all videos to record the estimated frame/time of initial ground contact, frame/time of ACL tear and a range of play specific variables...
December 30, 2016: British Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28025369/incidence-of-complex-regional-pain-syndrome-i-following-foot-and-ankle-fractures-using-the-budapest-criteria
#6
Michael Bullen, Coran Lang, Phong Tran
OBJECTIVE : Fractures are a well-recognized inciting event in the development of complex regional pain syndrome. This study aimed to prospectively determine the incidence of complex regional pain syndrome following foot and ankle fractures. METHODS : A prospective study was conducted of patients presenting to two metropolitan hospitals with plain radiograph diagnosis of fractures to the foot or ankle. Patients were initially screened by phone 3 months after injury using the validated International Association for the Study of Pain Budapest criteria...
December 2016: Pain Medicine: the Official Journal of the American Academy of Pain Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27992246/toe-in-landing-increases-the-ankle-inversion-angle-and-moment-during-single-leg-landing-implications-in-the-prevention-of-lateral-ankle-sprains
#7
Yuta Koshino, Tomoya Ishida, Masanori Yamanaka, Mina Samukawa, Takumi Kobayashi, Harukazu Tohyama
CONTEXT: Identifying the foot positions that are vulnerable to lateral ankle sprains is important for injury prevention. The effects of foot position in the transverse plane on ankle biomechanics during landing are unknown. OBJECTIVE: To examine the effects of toe-in or toe-out positioning on ankle inversion motion and moment during single-leg landing. DESIGN: Repeated measures. SETTING: Motion analysis laboratory. PARTICIPANTS: Eighteen healthy participants (nine men and nine women)...
December 19, 2016: Journal of Sport Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27956082/translation-cross-cultural-adaptation-reliability-and-validity-of-the%C3%A2-turkish-version-of-the-olerud-molander-ankle-score-omas
#8
Egemen Turhan, Murat Demirel, Alişan Daylak, Gazi Huri, Mahmut Nedim Doral, Derya Çelik
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to translate and culturally adapt the Olerud-Molander Ankle Score (OMAS) into Turkish and to assess its reliability and validity. METHODS: The Turkish version of the OMAS (OMAS-Tr) was developed after the translation and back-translation, which included the stages recommended by Beaton. The OMAS-Tr was administered to one hundred patients (49 females, 51 males; average age: 42.3 ± 17.7; range 16-81 years) with malleolar fractures...
December 9, 2016: Acta Orthopaedica et Traumatologica Turcica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27923217/effect-of-direct-ligament-repair-and-tenodesis-reconstruction-on-simulated-subtalar-joint-instability
#9
Julie Choisne, Matthew C Hoch, Ian Alexander, Stacie I Ringleb
BACKGROUND: Subtalar instability is associated with up to 80% of patients presenting with chronic ankle instability but is often not considered in the diagnosis or treatment. Operative procedures to repair ankle instability have shown good clinical results, but the effects of these reconstruction procedures on isolated subtalar instability are not well understood. The goal of this study was to investigate the effect of the Gould modification of the Broström procedure and a new tenodesis reconstruction procedure on ankle and subtalar joint kinematics after simulating a subtalar injury...
November 14, 2016: Foot & Ankle International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27921418/-diabetic-foot-syndrome-from-the-perspective-of-internist-educated-in-podiatry
#10
Alexandra Jirkovská
Podiatry is the science dealing with the diagnostics and treatment of the foot and ankle and associated tissues and structures by all appropriate methods and also with the local manifestation of the overall processes in this area. Diabetic foot disease is defined as infection, ulceration or destruction of tissues of the foot associated with neuropathy and/or peripheral artery disease in the lower extremity of people with diabetes according to the latest edition of the International Consensus. Successful treatment and prevention of diabetic foot syndrome depends on a holistic approach, in which it is seen as part of the multiple organ involvement...
2016: Vnitr̆ní Lékar̆ství
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27900266/ankle-arthrodesis-a-systematic-approach-and-review-of-the-literature
#11
REVIEW
Youichi Yasui, Charles P Hannon, Dexter Seow, John G Kennedy
Ankle arthrodesis is a common treatment used for patients with end-stage ankle arthritis (ESAA). The surgical goal of ankle arthrodesis is to obtain bony union between the tibia and talus with adequate alignment [slight valgus (0°-5°)], neutral dorsiflexion, and slight external rotation positions) in order to provide a pain-free plantigrade foot for weightbearing activities. There are many variations in operative technique including deferring approaches (open or arthroscopic) and differing fixation methods (internal or external fixation)...
November 18, 2016: World Journal of Orthopedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27881551/comparison-of-the-otto-bock-solid-ankle-cushion-heel-foot-with-wooden-keel-to-the-low-cost-cr-equipements%C3%A2-solid-ankle-cushion-heel-foot-with-polypropylene-keel-a-randomized-prospective-double-blind-crossover-study-assessing-patient-satisfaction-and-energy
#12
Alain Lacraz, Stéphane Armand, Katia Turcot, Gorki Carmona, Richard Stern, Olivier Borens, Mathieu Assal
BACKGROUND: The International Committee of the Red Cross supports a worldwide program of prosthetic fitting and rehabilitation. In this context, a prosthetic foot was developed and widely distributed in least developed countries. STUDY DESIGN: Prospective, randomized, double-blind, controlled study. OBJECTIVE: To compare patient satisfaction and energy expenditure during ambulation between a low-cost prosthetic foot designed with a polypropylene keel (CR-Equipements(™) solid ankle cushion heel, International Committee of the Red Cross) to a well-recognized solid ankle cushion heel foot with a wooden keel (solid ankle cushion heel foot, Otto Bock)...
November 22, 2016: Prosthetics and Orthotics International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27871101/morphomics-of-the-talus
#13
David Gorman, Ebram Handy, Sikui Wang, Annette L Irwin, Stewart Wang
Previous studies of frontal crash databases reported that ankle fractures are among the most common lower extremity fractures. While not generally life threatening, these injuries can be debilitating. Laboratory research into the mechanisms of ankle fractures has linked dorsiflexion with an increased risk of tibia and fibula malleolus fractures. However, talus fractures were not produced in the laboratory tests and appear to be caused by more complex loading of the joint. In this study, an analysis of the National Automotive Sampling System - Crashworthiness Data System (NASS-CDS) for the years 2004-2013 was conducted to investigate foot-ankle injury rates in front seat occupants involved in frontal impact crashes...
November 2016: Stapp Car Crash Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27865312/an-overview-of-internal-and-external-fixation-methods-for-the-diabetic-charcot-foot-and-ankle
#14
REVIEW
Crystal L Ramanujam, Thomas Zgonis
Diabetic Charcot neuroarthropathy (DCN) of the foot and ankle is a challenging disease with regard to clinical presentation, pathogenesis, and prognosis. Its surgical management is equally difficult to interpret based on the wide array of options available. In the presence of an ulceration or concomitant osteomyelitis, internal fixation by means of screws, plates, or intramedullary nailing needs to be avoided when feasible. External fixation becomes a great surgical tool when managing DCN with concomitant osteomyelitis...
January 2017: Clinics in Podiatric Medicine and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27857507/patient-satisfaction-after-open-reduction-and-internal-fixation-through-lateral-extensile-approach-in-displaced-intraarticular-calcaneal-fractures-sander-s-type-ii-and-iii
#15
Khatri Kavin, Sharma Vijay, Lakhotia Devendra, Farooque Kamran
AIM: To determine patient satisfaction in the patients of displaced intraarticular calcaneal fractures treated with standard lateral approach. METHOD: The patients of displaced calcaneal fractures (Sander's type II and III) treated between March 2009 and March 2012 were included in the retrospective review and functional outcome was evaluated using American Orthopaedic Foot and Ankle Society (AOFAS) hind foot score, Creighton Nebraska Health Foundation Assessment (CNHFA) scale and foot function index (FFI)...
October 2016: Journal of Clinical Orthopaedics and Trauma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27852383/-surgery-of-ipsilateral-hawkins-%C3%A2-talus-neck-and-ankle-joint-fractures-via-internal-and-lateral-approaches-with-herbert-screws
#16
P Zhang, Q R Dong, Z Y Wang, B Chen, J H Wan, L Wang
Objective: To explore the manual operation skills of operative treatment of ipsilateral Hawkins Ⅲ talus neck and ankle joint fractures via internal and lateral approaches with Herbert screws, and to study the clinical results. Method: From Jan 2009 to Dec 2014, the clinical data of 13 patients with ipsilateral Hawkins Ⅲ talus neck and ankle joint fractres via internal and lateral approaches with Herbert screws were retrospectively analyzed in our department.There were 10 males and 3 female, ranging in age from 20 to 60 years with an average age of 31...
November 8, 2016: Zhonghua Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese medical journal]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27849465/outcomes-associated-with-the-intrepid-dynamic-exoskeletal-orthosis-ideo-a-systematic-review-of-the-literature
#17
M Jason Highsmith, Leif M Nelson, Neil T Carbone, Tyler D Klenow, Jason T Kahle, Owen T Hill, Jason T Maikos, Mike S Kartel, Billie J Randolph
High-energy lower extremity trauma is a consequence of modern war and it is unclear if limb amputation or limb salvage enables greater recovery. To improve function in the injured extremity, a passive dynamic ankle-foot orthosis, the Intrepid Dynamic Exoskeletal Orthosis (IDEO), was introduced with specialized return to run (RTR) therapy program. Recent research suggests, these interventions may improve function and return to duty rates. This systematic literature review sought to rate available evidence and formulate empirical evidence statements (EESs), regarding outcomes associated with IDEO utilization...
November 2016: Military Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27825293/translation-cross-cultural-adaptation-and-clinimetric-testing-of-instruments-used-to-assess-patients-with-ankle-sprain-in-the-brazilian-population
#18
Ronaldo Alves da Cunha, Fuad Ahmad Hazime, Maria Cecília da Silva Martins, Mateus Ferreira, Alberto de Castro Pochini, Benno Ejnisman
Study Design Clinical measurement study. Background Ankle sprain is a common condition. Therefore, translated, culturally adapted, and clinimetrically tested instruments for measuring the ankle are needed. Objectives To translate and cross-culturally adapt the Sports Athlete Foot and Ankle Score (SAFAS) and the global rating of change (GROC) into Brazilian Portuguese. This study also aimed to test the measurement properties of the SAFAS, the GROC, and the existing Brazilian-Portuguese versions of the numeric pain-rating scale (NPRS) and the ankle-hindfoot scale of the American Orthopaedic Foot and Ankle Society (AOFAS) in a group with ankle sprain...
December 2016: Journal of Orthopaedic and Sports Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27814874/long-term-impact-of-ankle-sprains-on-postural-control-and-fascial-densification
#19
Leonid Kalichman, Hila Lachman, Naama Freilich
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effect of a past ankle sprain (AS) on postural control and fascial changes in the adjacent body segment. METHODS: 20 young, healthy subjects with a history (≥6 months) of significant (Grades 2, 3) lateral ASs and 20 controls with no history of AS were recruited to cross-sectional case-control study. All subjects performed the Star Excursion Balance Test (SEBT). The Stecco method was used to evaluate fascial densification in the calf and upper foot areas...
October 2016: Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27814724/severe-open-lisfranc-injuries-one-stage-operation-through-internal-fixation-associated-with-vacuum-sealing-drainage
#20
Wenqing Qu, Shuqin Ni, Zhenhai Wang, Yong Zhao, Shimin Zhang, Yiheng Cheng, Tong Liu, Min Yu, Dan Wang
BACKGROUND: This study aimed to investigate the clinical feasibility of treating severe open Lisfranc injuries by means of one-stage internal fixation with k-wires associated with vacuum sealing drainage (VSD). METHODS: The clinical outcomes of 20 cases of severe open Lisfranc joint fracture-dislocation treated by using one-stage internal fixation with k-wires associated with VSD, after debridement and suturing during emergency treatment, were reviewed. RESULTS: At 6 and 12 months after surgery, the American Orthopaedic Foot and Ankle Society midfoot scores were 69...
November 4, 2016: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research
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