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Foot and ankle international

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29237480/achilles-tenodesis-for-calcaneal-insufficiency-avulsion-fractures-associated-with-diabetes-mellitus
#1
Youngrak Choi, Young-Woo Kwon, Young-Suk Sim, Taeho Kim, Dayoung Song, Soohyun Lee
BACKGROUND: Calcaneal insufficiency avulsion (CIA) fractures often present with neuropathic etiology, such as Charcot neuroarthropathy (CN). Under the same surgical procedures, the outcomes of CIA fractures are less desirable, compared to the outcomes of the traumatic calcaneal avulsion fractures. Here, the study suggests Achilles tenodesis technique using suture anchor after resection of the CIA fracture fragments could provide satisfactory clinical results in the cases of surgically indicated CIA fractures...
December 13, 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29202985/surgical-resident-involvement-in-foot-and-ankle-surgery
#2
Christopher E Gross, David Chang, Samuel B Adams, Selene G Parekh, Jordan D Bohnen
BACKGROUND: Surgical resident participation in the operating room is necessary for education and progression toward safe and independent practice. However, the impact of resident involvement on patient outcomes in foot and ankle surgery is unknown. METHODS: The American College of Surgeons-National Surgical Quality Improvement Program (ACS-NSQIP) database (2005-2012) was used to identify common foot and ankle procedures (by Current Procedural Taxonomy (CPT) code) performed by orthopedic surgeons...
December 2017: Foot and Ankle Surgery: Official Journal of the European Society of Foot and Ankle Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29197918/the-potential-of-ultrasonography-in-the-evaluation-of-foot-orthotics-therapy
#3
REVIEW
Daniel Petcu, Delia Alexandrina Mitrea, Cosmina Ioana Bondor, Elena Rodica Perciun
Foot orthotics prescription is based on the foot functioning paradigms with tissue stress theory being in avant-garde. The main goal of orthotic therapy is to reduce the internal tissue's pathological stresses in the foot structures. Traditionally, ultrasound scanning technique depicts anatomic related data of both common and uncommon pathology encountered in the clinical practice, helping in diagnosing, treating and evaluating, which are equally important for the practitioners. Its accessibility, compared to biomechanical modelling, makes this technique a valuable tool in the field of foot and ankle disorders...
November 29, 2017: Medical Ultrasonography
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29171982/morphofunctional-muscle-changes-influence-on-foot-stability-in-multiple-sclerosis-during-gait-prediction-the-rehabilitation-potential1
#4
Marius Cristian Neamtu, Oana Maria Neamtu, Mihnea Ion Marin, Ligia Rusu
BACKGROUND: Multiple sclerosis patients may suffer muscle changes that involve gait disorders of the kinetic and kinematic parameters also their gait may be clinically symmetrical or asymmetrical. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study is to analyze how the muscle change, could affect the biomechanical parameters of foot stability during the gait, by disturb the motor control. METHODS: The study group consisted of 13 patients diagnosed with multiple sclerosis, presenting clinically detectable abnormal gait...
November 24, 2017: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29170505/ilizarov-external-fixation-versus-plate-internal-fixation-in-the-treatment-of-end-stage-ankle-arthritis-decision-analysis-of-clinical-parameters
#5
Jun Li, Bohua Li, Zhengdong Zhang, Shanxi Wang, Lei Liu
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effect of Ilizarov external fixation (IEF) and plate internal fixation (PIF) in the treatment of end-stage ankle arthritis on pain relieving and function improvement. The study cohort consisted of 59 patients with end-stage ankle arthritis underwent ankle arthrodesis with IEF or PIF between June 2011 and June 2015. Standard radiographs and computed tomography (CT) scans were obtained before surgery and during the follow-up. Functional assessments were performed using Foot and Ankle pain score of American Orthopedics Foot and Ankle Society (AOFAS) and Visual Analogue Scale (VAS)...
November 23, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29162365/ankle-fracture-controversies-do-the-foot-and-ankle-specialists-have-a-different-vision
#6
G González-Lucena, D Pérez-Prieto, A López-Alcover, A Ginés-Cespedosa
OBJECTIVE: To analyse the differences in the management of ankle fractures between orthopaedic/trauma surgeons and foot and ankle specialists. MATERIAL AND METHOD: An e-mail survey was performed asking some of the country's orthopaedic surgeons controversial questions regarding the analysis of 5 clinical cases of different ankle fractures. RESULTS: Seventy-two surgeons responded to the questionnaire (response rate of 24.2%): 37 foot and ankle specialists and 35 non-specialist orthopaedic surgeons...
November 18, 2017: Revista Española de Cirugía Ortopédica y Traumatología
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29162249/functional-outcome-after-calcaneus-fractures-a-comparison-between-polytrauma-patients-and-isolated-fractures
#7
Pablo Renovell-Ferrer, Xavier Bertó-Martí, José Diranzo-García, Luis Barrera-Puigdorells, Vicente Estrems-Díaz, Antonio Silvestre-Muñoz, Antonio Brú-Pomer
BACKGROUND: Displaced intra-articular calcaneal fractures (DIACFs) can have long-term consequences in terms of foot pain and disability. This injury frequently occurs in the context of polytrauma patients and its influence in long-term functional prognosis is well known. The purpose of this study is to compare the etiology, severity, and functional outcome of the operated DIACFs between polytrauma patients and isolated cases. METHODS: Eighty-six patients with operated displaced intra-articular calcaneal fractures through open reduction and internal fixation (ORIF) were managed at our institution between January 1, 2008 and December 31, 2015...
November 2017: Injury
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29156168/new-fixation-methods-for-the-treatment-of-the-diabetic-foot-beaming-external-fixation-and-beyond
#8
REVIEW
Roberto A Brandão, Jeffrey S Weber, David Larson, Mark A Prissel, Patrick E Bull, Gregory C Berlet, Christopher F Hyer
Surgical correction of complex foot and ankle deformities secondary to Charcot neuroarthropathy remains a significant surgical challenge. New technological advancements in hardware have allowed for the use of augmented fixation techniques in midfoot deformity correction, including the use of indication-specific locking plates and beaming techniques that offer enhanced stability. Severe hindfoot deformity management can employ the use of internal fixation, including intramedullary hindfoot nails and circular external fixation frames for limb salvage...
January 2018: Clinics in Podiatric Medicine and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29148842/erratum
#9
(no author information available yet)
Yao H, Lu H, Zhao H, et al. Open reduction assisted with an external fixator and internal fixation with calcaneal locking plate for intra-articular calcaneal fractures. Foot Ankle Int. 2017;38(10):1107-1114. (Original DOI: 10.1177/1071100717715908) The above article appeared with the incorrect corresponding author. The correct corresponding author is Huading Lu, PhD. The corrected corresponding author information is below: Corresponding Author: Huading Lu, PhD, Department of Orthopaedics, The Fifth Affiliated Hospital of Sun Yat-sen University, NO...
November 1, 2017: Foot & Ankle International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29144991/finite-element-simulation-on-posterior-tibial-tendinopathy-load-transfer-alteration-and-implications-to-the-onset-of-pes-planus
#10
Duo Wai-Chi Wong, Yan Wang, Aaron Kam-Lun Leung, Ming Yang, Ming Zhang
BACKGROUND: Posterior tibial tendinopathy is a challenging foot condition resulting in pes planus, which is difficult to diagnose in the early stage. Prior to the deformity, abnormal internal load transfer and soft tissue attenuation are anticipated. The objective of this study was to investigate the internal load transfer and strain of the ligaments with posterior tibial tendinopathy, and the implications to pes planus and other deformities. METHODS: A three-dimensional finite element model of the foot and ankle was reconstructed from magnetic resonance images of a 28-year-old normal female...
November 3, 2017: Clinical Biomechanics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29138208/validation-of-the-american-orthopaedic-foot-and-ankle-society-ankle-hindfoot-scale-dutch-language-version-in-patients-with-hindfoot-fractures
#11
A Siebe De Boer, Duncan E Meuffels, Cornelis H Van der Vlies, P Ted Den Hoed, Wim E Tuinebreijer, Michael H J Verhofstad, Esther M M Van Lieshout
OBJECTIVES: The American Orthopaedic Foot and Ankle Society (AOFAS) Ankle-Hindfoot Scale is among the most used questionnaires for measuring functional recovery after a hindfoot injury. Recently, this instrument was translated and culturally adapted into a Dutch version. In this study, the measurement properties of the Dutch language version (DLV) were investigated in patients with a unilateral hindfoot fracture. DESIGN: Multicentre, prospective observational study...
November 14, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29132880/rivaroxaban-with-or-without-aspirin-in-patients-with-stable-peripheral-or-carotid-artery-disease-an-international-randomised-double-blind-placebo-controlled-trial
#12
Sonia S Anand, Jackie Bosch, John W Eikelboom, Stuart J Connolly, Rafael Diaz, Peter Widimsky, Victor Aboyans, Marco Alings, Ajay K Kakkar, Katalin Keltai, Aldo P Maggioni, Basil S Lewis, Stefan Störk, Jun Zhu, Patricio Lopez-Jaramillo, Martin O'Donnell, Patrick J Commerford, Dragos Vinereanu, Nana Pogosova, Lars Ryden, Keith A A Fox, Deepak L Bhatt, Frank Misselwitz, John D Varigos, Thomas Vanassche, Alvaro A Avezum, Edmond Chen, Kelley Branch, Darryl P Leong, Shrikant I Bangdiwala, Robert G Hart, Salim Yusuf
BACKGROUND: Patients with peripheral artery disease have an increased risk of cardiovascular morbidity and mortality. Antiplatelet agents are widely used to reduce these complications. METHODS: This was a multicentre, double-blind, randomised placebo-controlled trial for which patients were recruited at 602 hospitals, clinics, or community practices from 33 countries across six continents. Eligible patients had a history of peripheral artery disease of the lower extremities (previous peripheral bypass surgery or angioplasty, limb or foot amputation, intermittent claudication with objective evidence of peripheral artery disease), of the carotid arteries (previous carotid artery revascularisation or asymptomatic carotid artery stenosis of at least 50%), or coronary artery disease with an ankle-brachial index of less than 0·90...
November 10, 2017: Lancet
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29067818/kinetics-of-the-lower-limb-during-two-typical-tai-chi-movements-in-the-elderly
#13
Jing Xian Li, Nok-Yeung Law
Tai Chi (TC) is a recommended exercise for elderly people; however, its loading on the joints of the lower limbs is unknown. This study examined the 3D kinetics of the lower limbs during two typical TC movements and walking in the elderly. Fifteen experienced TC practitioners participated. Ground reaction forces, joint moments and time-to-peak joint moment generation were analysed. Compared with walking, both TC movements generated significantly (1) smaller peak ground reaction forces in all directions, except the anterior; (2) larger hip extension, adduction and internal rotational moments, knee adduction/abduction and internal rotation moments and eversion/inversion and external/internal moments of ankle-foot; and (3) longer peak moment generation time for hip extension, adduction and internal rotation, knee extension and ankle dorsiflexion and inversion...
October 25, 2017: Research in Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29037927/short-term-outcomes-of-open-reduction-and-internal-fixation-for-sanders-type-iii-calcaneal-fractures-with-and-without-bone-grafts
#14
Hong Cao, Yun-Guang Li, Qing An, Bo Gou, Wei Qian, Xiao-Peng Guo, Ying Zhang
Calcaneal fractures, often caused by a fall from a height, are the most common injuries encountered by orthopedic surgeons. Currently, open anatomic reduction and internal fixation (ORIF) is considered a valuable treatment of displaced intraarticular fractures of the calcaneus; however, the need for bone grafting in the treatment is still controversial. Therefore, in the present study, we investigated the outcomes of 2 methods (with and without bone grafting) used for the surgical treatment of Sanders type III calcaneal fractures...
October 13, 2017: Journal of Foot and Ankle Surgery: Official Publication of the American College of Foot and Ankle Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29037924/-all-inside-arthroscopic-treatment-of-tillaux-chaput-fractures-clinical-experience-and-outcomes-analysis
#15
Shi-Ming Feng, Qing-Qing Sun, Ai-Guo Wang, Cheng-Kun Li
We investigated all-inside ankle arthroscopy for Tillaux-Chaput fractures. We retrospectively evaluated 19 patients (12 males [63.2%] and 7 [36.8%] females; 11 right [57.9%] and 8 left [42.1%] ankles) treated from May 2013 to January 2016. Their mean age was 28.1 (range 10 to 55) years. Sixteen (84.2%) had single Tillaux-Chaput fractures and 3 (15.8%) had combined proximal fibular fractures; 17 (89.5%) were diagnosed radiographically and 2 (10.5%) by computed tomography. Anterolateral and anteromedial ankle arthroscopy was used for closed reduction and internal fixation with 1 or 2 Herbert screws...
October 13, 2017: Journal of Foot and Ankle Surgery: Official Publication of the American College of Foot and Ankle Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29031012/the-role-of-diabetes-mellitus-and-bmi-in-the-surgical-treatment-of-ankle-fractures
#16
Riccardo Maria Lanzetti, Domenico Lupariello, Teresa Venditto, Matteo Guzzini, Antonio Ponzo, Angelo De Carli, Andrea Ferretti
BACKGROUND: Open reduction and internal fixation is the standard treatment for displaced ankle fractures. However, the presence of comorbidities such as diabetes mellitus and body mass index (BMI) are associated with poor bone quality, and these factors may predict the development of postoperative complications. The study aim was to assess the role of diabetes mellitus and BMI in wound healing in patients younger than 65 years who were surgically treated for malleoli fractures. METHODS: Ninety patients, aged from 18 to 65 years old, with surgically treated ankle fracture, were retrospectively enrolled...
October 14, 2017: Diabetes/metabolism Research and Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29024605/hip-and-ankle-kinematics-in-noncontact-anterior-cruciate-ligament-injury-situations-video-analysis-using-model-based-image-matching
#17
Hideyuki Koga, Atsuo Nakamae, Yosuke Shima, Roald Bahr, Tron Krosshaug
BACKGROUND: Detailed kinematic descriptions of real anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injury situations are limited to the knee only. PURPOSE: To describe hip and ankle kinematics as well as foot position relative to the center of mass (COM) in ACL injury situations through use of a model-based image-matching (MBIM) technique. The distance between the projection of the COM on the ground and the base of support (BOS) (COM_BOS) normalized to the femur length was also evaluated...
October 1, 2017: American Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29017475/reliability-validity-and-responsiveness-of-the-german-self-reported-foot-and-ankle-score-sefas-in-patients-with-foot-or-ankle-surgery
#18
Dariusch Arbab, Katharina Kuhlmann, Christoph Schnurr, Bertil Bouillon, Christian Lüring, Dietmar König
BACKGROUND: Patient-reported outcome measures are a critical tool in evaluating the efficacy of orthopedic procedures and are increasingly used in clinical trials to assess outcomes of health care. The intention of this study was to develop and culturally adapt a German version of the Self-reported Foot and Ankle Score (SEFAS) and to evaluate reliability, validity and responsiveness. METHODS: According to Cross Cultural Adaptation of Self-Reported Measure guidelines forward and backward translation has been performed...
October 10, 2017: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28965863/a-methodological-framework-for-detecting-ulcers-risk-in-diabetic-foot-subjects-by-combining-gait-analysis-a-new-musculoskeletal-foot-model-and-a-foot-finite-element-model
#19
Alessandra Scarton, Annamaria Guiotto, Tiago Malaquias, Fabiola Spolaor, Giacomo Sinigaglia, Claudio Cobelli, Ilse Jonkers, Zimi Sawacha
Diabetic foot is one of the most debilitating complications of diabetes and may lead to plantar ulcers. In the last decade, gait analysis, musculoskeletal modelling (MSM) and finite element modelling (FEM) have shown their ability to contribute to diabetic foot prevention and suggested that the origin of the plantar ulcers is in deeper tissue layers rather than on the plantar surface. Hence the aim of the current work is to develop a methodology that improves FEM-derived foot internal stresses prediction, for diabetic foot prevention applications...
September 1, 2017: Gait & Posture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28963162/the-association-of-body-mass-index-with-complications-and-functional-outcomes-after-surgery-for-closed-ankle-fractures
#20
MULTICENTER STUDY
K Stavem, M G Naumann, U Sigurdsen, S E Utvåg
AIMS: This study assessed the association of classes of body mass index in kg/m(2) (classified as normal weight 18.5 kg/m(2) to 24.9 kg/m(2), overweight 25.0 kg/m(2) to 29.9 kg/m(2), and obese ≥ 30.0 kg/m(2)) with short-term complications and functional outcomes three to six years post-operatively for closed ankle fractures. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We performed a historical cohort study with chart review of 1011 patients who were treated for ankle fractures by open reduction and internal fixation in two hospitals, with a follow-up postal survey of 959 of the patients using three functional outcome scores...
October 2017: Bone & Joint Journal
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