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Foot and ankle international

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27900266/ankle-arthrodesis-a-systematic-approach-and-review-of-the-literature
#1
REVIEW
Youichi Yasui, Charles P Hannon, Dexter Seow, John G Kennedy
Ankle arthrodesis is a common treatment used for patients with end-stage ankle arthritis (ESAA). The surgical goal of ankle arthrodesis is to obtain bony union between the tibia and talus with adequate alignment [slight valgus (0°-5°)], neutral dorsiflexion, and slight external rotation positions) in order to provide a pain-free plantigrade foot for weightbearing activities. There are many variations in operative technique including deferring approaches (open or arthroscopic) and differing fixation methods (internal or external fixation)...
November 18, 2016: World Journal of Orthopedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27881551/comparison-of-the-otto-bock-solid-ankle-cushion-heel-foot-with-wooden-keel-to-the-low-cost-cr-equipements%C3%A2-solid-ankle-cushion-heel-foot-with-polypropylene-keel-a-randomized-prospective-double-blind-crossover-study-assessing-patient-satisfaction-and-energy
#2
Alain Lacraz, Stéphane Armand, Katia Turcot, Gorki Carmona, Richard Stern, Olivier Borens, Mathieu Assal
BACKGROUND: The International Committee of the Red Cross supports a worldwide program of prosthetic fitting and rehabilitation. In this context, a prosthetic foot was developed and widely distributed in least developed countries. STUDY DESIGN: Prospective, randomized, double-blind, controlled study. OBJECTIVE: To compare patient satisfaction and energy expenditure during ambulation between a low-cost prosthetic foot designed with a polypropylene keel (CR-Equipements(™) solid ankle cushion heel, International Committee of the Red Cross) to a well-recognized solid ankle cushion heel foot with a wooden keel (solid ankle cushion heel foot, Otto Bock)...
November 22, 2016: Prosthetics and Orthotics International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27871101/morphomics-of-the-talus
#3
David Gorman, Ebram Handy, Sikui Wang, Annette L Irwin, Stewart Wang
Previous studies of frontal crash databases reported that ankle fractures are among the most common lower extremity fractures. While not generally life threatening, these injuries can be debilitating. Laboratory research into the mechanisms of ankle fractures has linked dorsiflexion with an increased risk of tibia and fibula malleolus fractures. However, talus fractures were not produced in the laboratory tests and appear to be caused by more complex loading of the joint. In this study, an analysis of the National Automotive Sampling System - Crashworthiness Data System (NASS-CDS) for the years 2004-2013 was conducted to investigate foot-ankle injury rates in front seat occupants involved in frontal impact crashes...
November 2016: Stapp Car Crash Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27865312/an-overview-of-internal-and-external-fixation-methods-for-the-diabetic-charcot-foot-and-ankle
#4
REVIEW
Crystal L Ramanujam, Thomas Zgonis
Diabetic Charcot neuroarthropathy (DCN) of the foot and ankle is a challenging disease with regard to clinical presentation, pathogenesis, and prognosis. Its surgical management is equally difficult to interpret based on the wide array of options available. In the presence of an ulceration or concomitant osteomyelitis, internal fixation by means of screws, plates, or intramedullary nailing needs to be avoided when feasible. External fixation becomes a great surgical tool when managing DCN with concomitant osteomyelitis...
January 2017: Clinics in Podiatric Medicine and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27857507/patient-satisfaction-after-open-reduction-and-internal-fixation-through-lateral-extensile-approach-in-displaced-intraarticular-calcaneal-fractures-sander-s-type-ii-and-iii
#5
Khatri Kavin, Sharma Vijay, Lakhotia Devendra, Farooque Kamran
AIM: To determine patient satisfaction in the patients of displaced intraarticular calcaneal fractures treated with standard lateral approach. METHOD: The patients of displaced calcaneal fractures (Sander's type II and III) treated between March 2009 and March 2012 were included in the retrospective review and functional outcome was evaluated using American Orthopaedic Foot and Ankle Society (AOFAS) hind foot score, Creighton Nebraska Health Foundation Assessment (CNHFA) scale and foot function index (FFI)...
October 2016: Journal of Clinical Orthopaedics and Trauma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27852383/-surgery-of-ipsilateral-hawkins-%C3%A2-talus-neck-and-ankle-joint-fractures-via-internal-and-lateral-approaches-with-herbert-screws
#6
P Zhang, Q R Dong, Z Y Wang, B Chen, J H Wan, L Wang
Objective: To explore the manual operation skills of operative treatment of ipsilateral Hawkins Ⅲ talus neck and ankle joint fractures via internal and lateral approaches with Herbert screws, and to study the clinical results. Method: From Jan 2009 to Dec 2014, the clinical data of 13 patients with ipsilateral Hawkins Ⅲ talus neck and ankle joint fractres via internal and lateral approaches with Herbert screws were retrospectively analyzed in our department.There were 10 males and 3 female, ranging in age from 20 to 60 years with an average age of 31...
November 8, 2016: Zhonghua Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese medical journal]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27849465/outcomes-associated-with-the-intrepid-dynamic-exoskeletal-orthosis-ideo-a-systematic-review-of-the-literature
#7
M Jason Highsmith, Leif M Nelson, Neil T Carbone, Tyler D Klenow, Jason T Kahle, Owen T Hill, Jason T Maikos, Mike S Kartel, Billie J Randolph
High-energy lower extremity trauma is a consequence of modern war and it is unclear if limb amputation or limb salvage enables greater recovery. To improve function in the injured extremity, a passive dynamic ankle-foot orthosis, the Intrepid Dynamic Exoskeletal Orthosis (IDEO), was introduced with specialized return to run (RTR) therapy program. Recent research suggests, these interventions may improve function and return to duty rates. This systematic literature review sought to rate available evidence and formulate empirical evidence statements (EESs), regarding outcomes associated with IDEO utilization...
November 2016: Military Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27825293/translation-cross-cultural-adaptation-and-clinimetric-testing-of-instruments-used-to-assess-patients-with-ankle-sprain-in-the-brazilian-population
#8
Ronaldo Alves da Cunha, Fuad Ahmad Hazime, Maria Cecília da Silva Martins, Mateus Ferreira, Alberto de Castro Pochini, Benno Ejnisman
Study Design Clinical measurement study. Background Ankle sprain is a common condition. Therefore, translated, culturally adapted, and clinimetrically tested instruments for measuring the ankle are needed. Objectives To translate and cross-culturally adapt the Sports Athlete Foot and Ankle Score (SAFAS) and the global rating of change (GROC) into Brazilian Portuguese. This study also aimed to test the measurement properties of the SAFAS, the GROC, and the existing Brazilian-Portuguese versions of the numeric pain-rating scale (NPRS) and the ankle-hindfoot scale of the American Orthopaedic Foot and Ankle Society (AOFAS) in a group with ankle sprain...
December 2016: Journal of Orthopaedic and Sports Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27814874/long-term-impact-of-ankle-sprains-on-postural-control-and-fascial-densification
#9
Leonid Kalichman, Hila Lachman, Naama Freilich
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effect of a past ankle sprain (AS) on postural control and fascial changes in the adjacent body segment. METHODS: 20 young, healthy subjects with a history (≥6 months) of significant (Grades 2, 3) lateral ASs and 20 controls with no history of AS were recruited to cross-sectional case-control study. All subjects performed the Star Excursion Balance Test (SEBT). The Stecco method was used to evaluate fascial densification in the calf and upper foot areas...
October 2016: Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27814724/severe-open-lisfranc-injuries-one-stage-operation-through-internal-fixation-associated-with-vacuum-sealing-drainage
#10
Wenqing Qu, Shuqin Ni, Zhenhai Wang, Yong Zhao, Shimin Zhang, Yiheng Cheng, Tong Liu, Min Yu, Dan Wang
BACKGROUND: This study aimed to investigate the clinical feasibility of treating severe open Lisfranc injuries by means of one-stage internal fixation with k-wires associated with vacuum sealing drainage (VSD). METHODS: The clinical outcomes of 20 cases of severe open Lisfranc joint fracture-dislocation treated by using one-stage internal fixation with k-wires associated with VSD, after debridement and suturing during emergency treatment, were reviewed. RESULTS: At 6 and 12 months after surgery, the American Orthopaedic Foot and Ankle Society midfoot scores were 69...
November 4, 2016: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27812449/validity-and-reliability-of-the-foot-function-index-ffi-questionnaire-brazilian-portuguese-version
#11
Bruna Reclusa Martinez, Isabela Maschk Staboli, Danilo Harudy Kamonseki, Elly Budiman-Mak, Liu Chiao Yi
PURPOSE: To evaluate the validity and reliability of the Foot Function Index (FFI) in its Brazilian Portuguese version. METHODS: The validity and reliability of the FFI were tested in 50 volunteers, with plantar fasciitis, metatarsalgia and chronic ankle sprain. The FFI validity process used the Short Form-36 (SF-36) and Foot and Ankle Outcome Score (FAOS) questionnaires. The correlation between FFI, SF-36 and FAOS was done using the Pearson's linear coefficient...
2016: SpringerPlus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27810691/tibial-rotation-in-running-does-rearfoot-adduction-matter
#12
Katina Mira Fischer, Steffen Willwacher, Joseph Hamill, Gert-Peter Brüggemann
OBJECTIVE: To quantify the magnitude of global rearfoot motion, in particular, rearfoot adduction and to investigate its relationship to tibial rotation. DESIGN: One hundred and four participants ran barefoot on an Ethylene Vinyl Acetate (EVA) foam. Global range of motion values for the shank, rearfoot and medial metatarsal segment as well as foot motion within the transverse plane were determined using an optoelectric motion capture system. Relationships between parameters were assessed using partial correlation analysis...
October 25, 2016: Gait & Posture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27810018/validity-and-reliability-of-thai-version-of-the-foot-and-ankle-outcome-score-in-patients-with-arthritis-of-the-foot-and-ankle
#13
Chayanin Angthong
BACKGROUND: Although the Foot and Ankle Outcome Score (FAOS) is commonly used in several languages for a variety of foot disorders, it has not been validated specifically for foot and ankle arthritic conditions. The aims of the present study were to translate the original English FAOS into Thai and to evaluate the validity and reliability of the Thai version of the FAOS for the foot and ankle arthritic conditions. METHODS: The original FAOS was translated into Thai using forward-backward translation...
December 2016: Foot and Ankle Surgery: Official Journal of the European Society of Foot and Ankle Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27791971/functional-outcomes-after-operative-treatment-of-calcaneal-fractures-midterm-review
#14
Michael A Del Core, Emily Mills, Lisa K Cannada, David E Karges
The purpose of this article is to report midterm follow-up of operatively treated calcaneus fractures. All patients with a calcaneus fracture, treated with open reduction and internal fixation (ORIF) using the extensile lateral approach, were identified. Functional outcomes were assessed using the American Orthopaedic Foot and Ankle Society's (AOFAS) ankle-hindfoot assessment, SF-36, and a questionnaire. There were 20 patients (25 fractures): 16 males and four females. The average age was 42 years (range, 16-73 years) and the mean follow-up time was 40 months (range, 13-73 months)...
2016: Journal of Surgical Orthopaedic Advances
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27770063/gait-analysis-of-foot-compensation-after-arthrodesis-of-the-first-metatarsophalangeal-joint
#15
Jasper Stevens, Kenneth Meijer, Wouter Bijnens, Mathijs C H W Fuchs, Lodewijk W van Rhijn, Joris P S Hermus, Sander van Hoeve, Martijn Poeze, Adhiambo M Witlox
BACKGROUND: Arthrodesis of the first metatarsophalangeal (MTP1) joint is an intervention often used in patients with severe MTP1 joint osteoarthritis and relieves pain in approximately 80% of these patients. The kinematic effects and compensatory mechanism of the foot for restoring a more normal gait pattern after this intervention are unknown. The aim of this study was to clarify this compensatory mechanism, in which it was hypothesized that the hindfoot and forefoot would be responsible for compensation after an arthrodesis of the MTP1 joint...
October 21, 2016: Foot & Ankle International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27752084/effects-of-five-hindfoot-arthrodeses-on-foot-and-ankle-motion-measurements-in-cadaver-specimens
#16
Kun Zhang, Yanxi Chen, Minfei Qiang, Yini Hao
Single, double, and triple hindfoot arthrodeses are used to correct hindfoot deformities and relieve chronic pain. However, joint fusion may lead to dysfunction in adjacent articular surfaces. We compared range of motion in adjacent joints before and after arthrodesis to determine the effects of each procedure on joint motion. The theory of moment of couple, bending moment and balanced loading was applied to each of 16 fresh cadaver feet to induce dorsiflexion, plantarflexion, internal rotation, external rotation, inversion, and eversion...
October 18, 2016: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27714439/the-cumberland-ankle-instability-tool-cait-in-the-dutch-population-with-and-without-complaints-of-ankle-instability
#17
Gwendolyn Vuurberg, Lana Kluit, C Niek van Dijk
PURPOSE: To develop a translated Dutch version of the Cumberland Ankle Instability Tool (CAIT) and test its psychometric properties in a Dutch population with foot and ankle complaints. METHODS: The CAIT was translated into the Dutch language using a forward-backward translation design. Of the 130 subsequent patients visiting the outpatient clinic for foot and ankle complaints who were asked to fill out a questionnaire containing the CAIT, the Foot and Ankle Outcome Score (FAOS), and the numeric rating scale (NRS) pain, 98 completed the questionnaire...
October 6, 2016: Knee Surgery, Sports Traumatology, Arthroscopy: Official Journal of the ESSKA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27681857/biomechanical-analysis-of-the-individual-ligament-contributions-to-syndesmotic-stability
#18
Thomas O Clanton, Brady T Williams, Jonathon D Backus, Grant J Dornan, Daniel J Liechti, Scott R Whitlow, Adriana J Saroki, Travis Lee Turnbull, Robert F LaPrade
BACKGROUND: Biomechanical data and contributions to ankle joint stability have been previously reported for the individual distal tibiofibular ligaments. These results have not yet been validated based on recent anatomic descriptions or using current biomechanical testing devices. METHODS: Eight matched-pair, lower leg specimens were tested using a dynamic, biaxial testing machine. The proximal tibiofibular joint and the medial and lateral ankle ligaments were left intact...
September 28, 2016: Foot & Ankle International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27677027/improvement-of-lower-limb-functioning-in-ambulatory-chronicle-stroke-patients-undergoing-robot-assisted-training
#19
Nicolas Perret, Rolf Frischknecht, Stefano Carda, Françoise Sandoz, Aurelien Fauquex, Yannick Charrotton
OBJECTIVE: To study the effect of a robot assisted motor training program of the lower limbs on locomotor functioning of chronic stroke patients. MATERIALS/PATIENTS AND METHODS: After ethical committee approval, 5 women and 2 men with chronic hemiplegia 2, 20 years after stroke (1 right, 6 left), age 35 and 79, underwent a robot assisted training of their lower limbs twice a week for 6 weeks. During the 30's exercise sessions (leg press and cycling), the participants used an end effector type rehabilitation robot (Lambda Health System plc) and were asked to follow actively the robot-guided movements...
September 2016: Annals of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27672016/biomechanical-comparison-of-3-current-ankle-syndesmosis-repair-techniques
#20
Thomas O Clanton, Scott R Whitlow, Brady T Williams, Daniel J Liechti, Jonathon D Backus, Grant J Dornan, Adriana J Saroki, Travis Lee Turnbull, Robert F LaPrade
BACKGROUND: Significant debate exists regarding optimal repair for unstable syndesmosis injuries. Techniques range from screw fixation, suture-button fixation, or a combination of the two. In this study, 3 common repairs were compared using a simulated weightbearing protocol with internal and external rotation of the foot. METHODS: Twenty-four lower leg specimens with mean age 54 years (range, 38-68 years) were used for testing. Following creation of a complete syndesmotic injury (AITFL, ITFL, PITFL, interosseous membrane), specimens were repaired using 1 of 3 randomly assigned techniques: (1) one 3...
September 25, 2016: Foot & Ankle International
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