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Foot and ankle international

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28823061/validity-and-reliability-of-the-norwegian-translation-of-the-achilles-tendon-total-rupture-score
#1
Ståle Bergman Myhrvold, Øystein Sandnes, Sigurd Erik Hoelsbrekken
PURPOSE: Patient reported outcome measures (PROMs) are increasingly being used in clinical research. The Achilles tendon Total Rupture Score (ATRS) is a PROM designed to assess outcomes in patients with ruptures of the Achilles tendon. The aim of this study was to develop a Norwegian adaption of the ATRS and evaluate its validity and reliability. METHODS: The ATRS was translated into Norwegian in accordance with recommended guidelines. The study included 94 patients treated for Achilles tendon ruptures from January 2010 until February 2013, and the web-based questionnaires were administered twice...
August 19, 2017: Knee Surgery, Sports Traumatology, Arthroscopy: Official Journal of the ESSKA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28815843/ilizarov-technique-and-limited-surgical-methods-for-correction-of-post-traumatic-talipes-equinovarus-in-children
#2
Xiao Jian Wang, Feng Chang, Yunxing Su, Bin Chen, Jie-Fu Song, Xiao-Chun Wei, Lei Wei
BACKGROUND: The objective of this study was to evaluate the efficacy and safety of using Ilizarov invasive distraction technique combined with limited surgical operations in the treatment of post-traumatic talipes equinovarus in children. METHODS: Eighteen cases of post-traumatic deformed feet in 15 patients who received the treatment of Ilizarov frame application, limited soft-tissue release or osteotomy were selected in this study. After removal of the frame, an ankle-foot orthosis was used continuously for another 6-12 months...
August 16, 2017: ANZ Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28814379/are-routine-radiographs-needed-the-day-after-open-reduction-and-internal-fixation-surgery-for-distal-radius-and-ankle-fractures-study-protocol-for-a-prospective-open-label-randomized-controlled-trial
#3
Florian Oehme, Annika Rühle, Julia Mühlhäusser, Lana Fourie, Björn-Christian Link, Reto Babst, Frank Jp Beeres
BACKGROUND: Distal radius and ankle fractures are one of the most common operatively treated fractures. To date, there is no consensus concerning the need for a standard postoperative radiograph. This leads to undesirable practice variations. A standardized radiograph in the department of radiology would theoretically be more reproducible and operator independent than an intraoperatively obtained fluoroscopic image. However, if adequate intraoperative radiographs have been obtained, it is questionable if these postoperative radiographs are necessary and will lead to changes in the treatment strategy...
August 16, 2017: JMIR Research Protocols
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28775193/the-american-orthopaedic-foot-and-ankle-society-ankle-hindfoot-scale-translation-and-validation-of-the-dutch-language-version-for-ankle-fractures
#4
A Siebe de Boer, Roderik J C Tjioe, Fleur Van der Sijde, Duncan E Meuffels, Pieter T den Hoed, Cornelis H Van der Vlies, Wim E Tuinebreijer, Michael H J Verhofstad, Esther M M Van Lieshout
OBJECTIVES: The American Orthopaedic Foot and Ankle Society (AOFAS) Ankle-Hindfoot Scale is among the most commonly used instruments for measuring outcome of treatment in patients who sustained a complex ankle or hindfoot injury. It consists of a patient-reported and a physician-reported part. A validated, Dutch version of this instrument is currently not available. The aim of this study was to translate the instrument into Dutch and to determine the measurement properties of the AOFAS Ankle-Hindfoot Scale Dutch language version (DLV) in patients with a unilateral ankle fracture...
August 3, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28765054/validity-and-reliability-of-turkish-version-of-olerud-molander-ankle-score-in-patients-with-malleolar-fracture
#5
Nihal Büker, Raziye Şavkın, Oğuzhan Gökalp, Nusret Ök
The present study was planned to translate and culturally adapt the Olerud-Molander Ankle Score (OMAS) and assess the validity and reliability of the Turkish translation of the OMAS in patients with surgically treated malleolar fracture. The OMAS was adapted for use in Turkish by first translating it and then back-translating it in accordance with published guidelines. The final Turkish version of the OMAS was administered to 91 patients participating in the present study. The OMAS questionnaire was repeated 7 days later to assess test-retest reliability...
July 29, 2017: Journal of Foot and Ankle Surgery: Official Publication of the American College of Foot and Ankle Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28747337/comparisons-of-external-fixator-combined-with-limited-internal-fixation-and-open-reduction-and-internal-fixation-for-sanders-type-2-calcaneal-fractures-finite-element-analysis-and-clinical-outcome
#6
M Pan, L Chai, F Xue, L Ding, G Tang, B Lv
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to compare the biomechanical stability and clinical outcome of external fixator combined with limited internal fixation (EFLIF) and open reduction and internal fixation (ORIF) in treating Sanders type 2 calcaneal fractures. METHODS: Two types of fixation systems were selected for finite element analysis and a dual cohort study. Two fixation systems were simulated to fix the fracture in a finite element model. The relative displacement and stress distribution were analysed and compared...
July 2017: Bone & Joint Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28742210/clinical-research-on-correction-of-ankle-arthritis-related-factor-levels-via-urea
#7
C Sun, S Zhang, L Wei, J-Z Zhang
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the reliability of urea as the internal reference of ankle irrigating fluid in correction of synovial fluid and related factor concentration dilution times, and to further determine the factor expression level in synovial fluid. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A total of 91 patients, including 20 cases of non-posterior median foot lesions and 71 cases of unilateral ankle osteoarthritis, were enrolled in this study. AOFAS score, Takakura staging and visual analogue pain scale were given; the venous blood was collected and the ankle fluid and irrigating fluid were obtained from the affected side via puncture...
July 2017: European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28738797/tibiotalocalcaneal-ttc-arthrodesis-with-reverse-philos-plate-and-medial-cannulated-screws-with-lateral-approach
#8
Jian Fan, X Zhang, Y Luo, G W You, W K Ng, Y F Yang
BACKGROUND: Tibiotalocalcaneal arthrodesis is most common and effective surgical treatment for severe hindfoot pathology, but the fusion rate is often lower than the ordinary tibiotalar arthrodesis because of the more serious joint disease associated with obvious deformity and osteoporosis. Recent literature describe tibiotalocalcaneal arthrodesis with reverse PHILOS plate with good clinical outcome result, though some patients non-union, due to eccentric force of the plate may be hidden...
July 24, 2017: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28736080/the-effect-of-ankle-foot-orthosis-alignment-on-walking-in-individuals-treated-for-traumatic-lower-extremity-injuries
#9
Starr E Brown, Elizabeth Russell Esposito, Jason M Wilken
Limb salvage surgeries are performed to treat a variety of lower limb pathologies and traumatic injuries. Individuals who have undergone limb salvage surgeries may require an ankle foot orthosis (AFO) to compensate for limb impairments and restore walking ability. Understanding the effects of AFO design parameters on gait biomechanics is important to refine AFO prescription criteria. In this study sagittal plane kinematic and kinetic data, muscle activity and alignment preference were examined as individuals treated for traumatic lower extremity injuries (N=12) walked over level ground with Plantarflexed (PF), Neutral, and Dorsiflexed (DF) aligned AFOs...
July 5, 2017: Journal of Biomechanics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28731517/mental-steps-differential-activation-of-internal-pacemakers-in-motor-imagery-and-in-mental-imitation-of-gait
#10
Lucia Maria Sacheli, Laura Zapparoli, Carlo De Santis, Matteo Preti, Catia Pelosi, Nicola Ursino, Alberto Zerbi, Giuseppe Banfi, Eraldo Paulesu
Gait imagery and gait observation can boost the recovery of locomotion dysfunctions; yet, a neurologically justified rationale for their clinical application is lacking as much as a direct comparison of their neural correlates. Using functional magnetic resonance imaging, we measured the neural correlates of explicit motor imagery of gait during observation of in-motion videos shot in a park with a steady cam (Virtual Walking task). In a 2 × 2 factorial design, we assessed the modulatory effect of gait observation and of foot movement execution on the neural correlates of the Virtual Walking task: in half of the trials, the participants were asked to mentally imitate a human model shown while walking along the same route (mental imitation condition); moreover, for half of all the trials, the participants also performed rhythmic ankle dorsiflexion as a proxy for stepping movements...
July 21, 2017: Human Brain Mapping
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28723779/can-operations-achieve-good-outcomes-in-elderly-patients-with-sanders-ii-iii-calcaneal-fractures
#11
Jun Su, Xuecheng Cao
The aim of this study was to compare the clinical effect of operative treatment and nonoperative treatment for elderly patients with Sanders II-III calcaneal fractures.The study consisted of 60 patients with Sanders II-III calcaneal fractures who were treated in our institution from January 2007 to April 2012. The clinical effect between the operative treatment group of 32 patients and the nonoperative treatment group of 28 patients was studied. Böhler angle, Gissane angle, subtalar joint motion, calcaneal width, and calcaneal height were measured before and after treatment, and these indexes were also measured on the uninjured foot...
July 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28716100/quality-of-life-and-clinical-radiological-long-term-results-after-implant-associated-infections-in-patients-with-ankle-fracture-a-retrospective-matched-pair-study
#12
Patrick Ziegler, Donat Schlemer, Ingo Flesch, Sonja Bahrs, Ulrich Stoeckle, Sebastian Werner, Christian Bahrs
BACKGROUND: Ankle fractures are frequently occurring injuries. Despite the relatively simple operative technique, patients often suffer from postoperative complications. Little is known about postoperative treatment of implant-associated infections of the ankle. Therefore, this study shows and evaluates a treatment algorithm in long- and short-term outcomes compared to infection-free patients. METHODS: Data from patients of over 20 years of a level 1 trauma center and university hospital was retrospectively analyzed including age, gender, comorbidities, smoking status, fracture classification, number of revisions, length of in-patient stay due to fracture and infection, and results of microbiological specimen with the length of antibiotic treatment...
July 17, 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28705216/surgical-management-of-hawkins-type-iii-talar-neck-fracture-through-the-approach-of-medial-malleolar-osteotomy-and-mini-plate-for-fixation
#13
Hui Liu, Zhida Chen, Wenrong Zeng, Yuanfei Xiong, Yongzhi Lin, Huacheng Zhong, Jin Wu
BACKGROUND: Fractures of the talar neck are relatively uncommon yet current interventions suffer from a high incidence of complications and poor functional outcomes. In the present study, we report a surgical treatment of Hawkins type III talar neck fracture through the approach of medial malleolar osteotomy and mini-plate for fixation and discuss the therapeutic effects after long-term follow-up. METHODS: From January 2010 to January 2015, 21 patients with 22 fractures were treated using this approach within days of sustaining the injury...
July 14, 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28702256/physician-knowledge-of-a-rare-foot-condition-influence-of-diabetic-patient-population-on-self-described-knowledge-and-treatment
#14
Brian M Schmidt, James S Wrobel, Crystal M Holmes
BACKGROUND: Charcot neuroarthopathy (CN), a rare foot and ankle condition usually complicating diabetes mellitus, leads to deformity, poor quality of life, and increased mortality and morbidity. The prevalence of this condition in the diabetic patient population is not currently known but has been reportedly misdiagnosed in up to 95% of cases. METHODS: We sought to evaluate general knowledge regarding CN in non-foot specialist clinical faculty at a large academic institution and to understand their practice habits...
2017: Clinical Diabetes and Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28673281/the-v-sign-in-lateral-talar-process-fractures-an-experimental-study-using-a-foot-and-ankle-model
#15
Thorsten Jentzsch, Anita Hasler, Niklas Renner, Manuel Peterhans, Reto Sutter, Norman Espinosa, Stephan H Wirth
BACKGROUND: Lateral talar process fractures (LTPF) are often missed on conventional radiographs. A positive V sign is an interruption of the contour of the LTP. It has been suggested, but not proven to be pathognomonic for LTPF. The objective was to study whether the V sign is pathognomonic for LTPF and if it can be properly assessed in different ankle positions and varying fracture types. METHODS: An experimental study was conducted. Two investigators assessed lateral radiographs (n = 108) of a foot and ankle model...
July 3, 2017: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28673102/open-reduction-assisted-with-an-external-fixator-and-internal-fixation-with-calcaneal-locking-plate-for-intra-articular-calcaneal-fractures
#16
Hui Yao, Huading Lu, Huiqing Zhao, Lulu Lv, Gang Hou
BACKGROUND: The extensile lateral approach (ELA) has been considered to be a standard approach for displaced intra-articular calcaneal fractures (DICF) because it provides excellent exposure and allows direct reduction of the depressed posterior facet fragment. But continuous retraction during surgery needs sufficient manpower and may cause ischemia. Failure of rigid fixation of DICF will not allow for early weight bearing and may lead to a loss of reduction. To avoid these disadvantages, this study presents open reduction assisted with an external fixator and internal fixation with a calcaneal locking plate...
June 1, 2017: Foot & Ankle International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28660328/radiological-study-of-the-secondary-reduction-effect-of-early-functional-exercise-on-displaced-intra-articular-calcaneal-fractures-after-internal-compression-fixation
#17
Wei Chen, Bo Liu, Hongzhi Lv, Yanling Su, Xiao Chen, Yanbin Zhu, Chenguang Du, Xiaolin Zhang, Yingze Zhang
PURPOSE: Early post-operative exercise and weight-bearing activities are found to improve the functional recovery of patients with displaced intra-articular calcaneal fractures (DIACFs). We hypothesized that early functional exercise after surgery might have a secondary reduction effect on the subtalar joint, in particular the smaller fracture fragments that were not fixed firmly. A prospective study was conducted to verify this hypothesis. METHODS: From December 2012 to September 2013, patients with unilateral DIACFs were enrolled and received a treatment consisting of percutaneous leverage and minimally invasive fixation...
June 28, 2017: International Orthopaedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28639869/economic-burden-of-inpatient-admission-of-ankle-fractures
#18
Justin D Stull, Suneel B Bhat, Justin M Kane, Steven M Raikin
BACKGROUND: Ankle fractures are among the most prevalent traumatic orthopaedic injuries. A large proportion of patients sustaining operative ankle fractures are admitted directly from the emergency department prior to operative management. In the authors' experience, however, many closed ankle injuries may be safely and effectively managed on an outpatient basis. The aim of this study was to characterize the economic impact of routine inpatient admission of ankle fractures. METHODS: A retrospective review of all outpatient ankle fracture surgery performed by a single foot and ankle fellowship-trained surgeon at a tertiary level academic center in 2012 was conducted to identify any patients requiring postoperative inpatient admission...
June 1, 2017: Foot & Ankle International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28633784/complications-of-talar-neck-fractures-by-hawkins-classification-a%C3%A2-systematic-review
#19
REVIEW
Richard K Jordan, Kunaal R Bafna, Jiayong Liu, Nabil A Ebraheim
The goal of the present study was to perform a systematic review of the published data on talar neck fractures for a better understanding of the postoperative clinical outcomes using open reduction and internal fixation stratified by Hawkins type. A PubMed search was performed using the keywords "talar," "neck," and "fracture." This search identified 209 potential studies, which were reviewed to yield 16 studies that met the criteria. The surgical outcomes of talar neck fractures stratified by the Hawkins classification analyzed in the present study were as follows: American Orthopaedic Foot and Ankle Society scale score was 77...
July 2017: Journal of Foot and Ankle Surgery: Official Publication of the American College of Foot and Ankle Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28630842/irreducible-subtalar-dislocation-caused-by-sustentaculum-tali-incarceration
#20
Mourad Zaraa, Ismail Jerbi, Sabri Mahjoub, Heithem Sehli, Mondher Mbarek
INTRODUCTION: Subtalar dislocation is an uncommon lesion in traumatology chiefly when it concerns the lateral form. Surgical treatment is required when a fracture is related or the dislocation is irreducible. Even well treated, these dislocations progress unavoidably to subtalar arthrosis, which stays well tolerated. CASE REPORT: A 46-year-old male with irreducible lateral subtalar dislocation caused sustentaculum tali incarceration confirmed on computed tomography (CT)...
January 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic Case Reports
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